(CNN)-- The suicide rate among girls between the ages of 15 and 19 reached a 40-year high in 2015, according tonew data from the National Center for Health Statistics.
In the shorter term, the suicide rate for those girls doubled between 2007 and 2015, the research indicates.
By comparison, the 2015 suicide rate for boys in this age group was lower than in the peak years of the mid-1980s through the mid-1990s. The researchers derived suicide rates from official data from death certificates.
"These data show that between 2007 and 2015, there's substantial increases in suicide rates for both young males and young females," said Tom Simon, an author of the report and associate director for science in the division of violence protection at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which published the new data Thursday.
"For young males, there was a 31% increase in suicide rates, and for young females, the suicide rate doubled," Simon said.
Specifically, the suicide rate for males between 15 and 19 increased from 12 per 100,000 population in 1975 to 18.1 per 100,000 in 1990. It then declined to 10.8 per 100,000 by 2007 and then increased again to 14.2 per 100,000 by 2015.
Among females, the suicide rate increased from 2.9 per 100,000 in 1975 to 3.7 per 100,000 in 1990, dipped to 2.4 per 100,000 in 2007 and then spiked to 5.1 per 100,000 in 2015.
"We know that overall in the US, we're seeing increases in suicide rates across all age groups," Simon said, putting the new report in perspective.
"We're not seeing the same kind of increases among the oldest adults, but we are seeing substantial and sustained increases now for the other age groups really going back to 2000," he said, adding that the the pattern is "pretty robust."
Carl Tishler, an adjunct associate professor of psychology and psychiatry at the Ohio State University who was not involved in the report, said the high suicide rates among older teens in 2015 "could be the result of a lot of things."
"Some of the opiate or heroin overdoses in adolescents may be interpreted by emergency departments as suicides. There may be more Internet suicides," Tishler said.
Simon said it's "unlikely" that increases in suicide rates are due to any single factor. Possible risk factors for suicide include a history of substance abuse, exposure to violence, social isolation, conflict within relationships, stigma and a lack of available support.
Simon suggested that the lingering effects of the Great Recession in the late 2000s may have contributed to stress within families, causing anxiety in teens.
"In times of economic prosperity, suicide rates go down," he said. "In times of economic instability, suicide rates go up."
Social media can have either negative or positive effects, Simon said. Cyberbullying and harmful content might push a vulnerable teen toward self-harm, yet "social media can help increase connections between people, and it's an opportunity to correct myths about suicide and to allow people to access prevention resources and materials."
Dorian A. Lamis, an assistant professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Emory University School of Medicine/Grady Health System, theorized that use of social media and cyberbullying may affect teenage girls more than boys, resulting in rising suicide deaths among older teen girls.
"Some research has suggested that the timing of puberty in girls is a contributing factor for the increased suicide rate," said Lamis, who was not involved in the new research. Puberty starts as early as 8 in some girls. The psychosocial and physical changes may leave girls "vulnerable to depression, anxiety and other psychiatric disorders earlier on in life." These known risk factors for suicide may catch up with a girl as she grows older.
Tishler noted thatprevious studiesfrom the CDC have indicated that males take their own lives at nearly four times the rate of females and thus represent 77.9% of all suicides. Yet females are more likely than males to have suicidal thoughts.
"If you look at suicide attempts by girls, it's typically that girls attempt suicide about four to one or three to one over boys, yet boys complete suicide in the reverse," Tishler said. "That tends, we think, to have to do with the modality of suicide attempt."
Simon noted that in this older teen age group, the primary method chosen by boys is firearms, yet for girls, the most common method is suffocation. Still, a significant number of females may choose to poison themselves with anoverdose, which can be remediated in an ER in some cases, Tishler said.
He theorized that girls now have access to pills that may be more lethal -- or more quickly lethal -- than those available to girls in the past, and this may have contributed to the rising rate of suicide deaths among teen girls. Similarly, Lamis conjectured that girls may have access to "more lethal methods in their suicide attempts, resulting in an increased number of deaths."
The new report also does not indicate how many of the teens who completed suicide were in treatment with a medical health professional and how many were receiving medication for depression or other mental illness, Tishler said. He added that he's convinced that the quickness to start or change these medications, which are categorized as psychotropic, "is done in such a manner that makes people more vulnerable to attempting suicide."
"Physicians need to be careful" when increasing, starting or stopping psychotropic medications, because this may "give someone energy to die by suicide," Tishler said.
One symptom of depression can be psychomotor retardation, which medication reduces, helping people become more active. They may attempt more activities to do better in school or to be more social. The medicines may give depressed teens more energy to plan and follow through with a suicide attempt or die by suicide.Psychotropic drugsalso can change mental status and in some cases may increase suicidal thoughts, which is why some of them come with warnings.
"The message for parents, teachers, coaches and religious leaders is to not be afraid to talk to a young person when they are concerned," Simon said. He added that anyone contemplating suicide or concerned for another should reach out to theNational Suicide Prevention Lifeline.
- Seniors enter final year of school at UMFK - WAGM - September 8th, 2017
- Virtual Reality Can Make a Remote Crisis Real and Spur Effective Responses - University of Virginia - September 8th, 2017
- International research powerhouses join forces to advance study of life on Earth - Washington University in St. Louis Newsroom - September 6th, 2017
- Taking Advantage Of Behavioral Economics Can Get Aid To More ... - Fast Company - September 6th, 2017
- SRU completes busy summer of campus improvements - Allied News - September 4th, 2017
- Mayor Jim Kenney wants to clean up 'Filthadelphia' and he's enlisting Penn's help - The Daily Pennsylvanian - September 4th, 2017
- Meditation expert tells us what the science really says and why multitasking is a 'myth' - Southernminn.com - September 3rd, 2017
- Losing weight for the couch potato and others - The Washington Post - Washington Post - September 3rd, 2017
- Self-driving cars still can't mimic the most natural human behavior - Quartz - September 3rd, 2017
- Brain researchers in uproar over NIH clinical trials policy - Nature.com - September 3rd, 2017
- Mnoa volcanologists receive top international awards - UH System Current News - August 30th, 2017
- Developing technology with advisors at heart - Financial Planning - August 30th, 2017
- Text Messaging Initiative Will Nudge STEM Students Toward Success - Campus Technology - August 30th, 2017
- Sales Incentives and Machine Learning: Intelligently Motivate Revenue-Driving Behaviors - Customer Think - August 30th, 2017
- Basic studies of how our brains work are now clinical trials, NIH says - Science Magazine - August 27th, 2017
- How Overcoming Demands on Attention Can Help Alleviate Poverty - Newswise (press release) - August 24th, 2017
- Diverse programming and experiential learning top of mind for SEHHB Interim Dean Paul Rose - RiverBender.com - August 23rd, 2017
- Sylvia Sims Bolton appointed new Waukegan 1st Ward alderman - Chicago Tribune - August 23rd, 2017
- Science and Society on the Vineyard - Martha's Vineyard Times - August 23rd, 2017
- Scientists give star treatment to lesser-known cells crucial for brain development - Seacoastonline.com - August 20th, 2017
- Leveraging The Power of Behavioral Science in Banking - The Financial Brand - August 18th, 2017
- City Officials Turn To Behavioral Science To Improve Government Services - CBS Philly - August 18th, 2017
- Veteran's Disability Payments Compromised in Cyber Attack - NBC Chicago - August 11th, 2017
- MVC selects ISU's Goy for Hall of Fame - Bloomington Pantagraph - August 11th, 2017
- The Case for Giving Health-Care Consumers a 'Nudge' - Wall Street Journal (subscription) - June 26th, 2017
- CPS draws on psychology to motivate customers to cut energy use in new program - mySanAntonio.com - June 12th, 2017
- Want To Employ Behavioral Science For Good? Here's A Helpful Collection Of Ideas - Fast Company - June 11th, 2017
- Ecologists protest sudden end of NSF dissertation grants - Science Magazine - June 9th, 2017
- Behavioral 'Nudges' Offer a Cost-Effective Policy Tool - Harvard Business School - June 9th, 2017
- New report: Social, behavioral, and economic sciences contribute to advancing NSF mission - Phys.Org - June 9th, 2017
- Top Schools for Behavioral Science - Study.com - June 8th, 2017
- Maritz Improves Business Performance with Innovative Behavioral Science - EQ - Entrepreneur Quarterly (press release) (subscription) (blog) - June 8th, 2017
- The Behavioral Economics of Why Executives Underinvest in Cybersecurity - Harvard Business Review - June 8th, 2017
- UL Lafayette to offer online General Studies degree program - KATC.com | Continuous News Coverage | Acadiana ... - KATC Lafayette News - June 8th, 2017
- Scientists use wearables to track patient data - Medical Xpress - June 8th, 2017
- Stanford Research on Sex Differences Reveals a Leftist Rejection of ... - Breitbart News - June 6th, 2017
- The New Way To Prevent Anxiety in Kids - TIME - June 6th, 2017
- Chapman University's Physical Therapy Program receives 10-year Accreditation - Chapman University: Happenings (blog) - June 6th, 2017
- Cops speak less respectfully to black community members - Stanford University News - June 6th, 2017
- What millennials really want in the workplace - CBS News - June 5th, 2017
- A Periodic Table of Behavior for Psychology - Psychology Today (blog) - June 4th, 2017
- LOOSE ENDS: Eldar Shafir on the effects scarcity - centraljersey.com - June 4th, 2017
- People trust science. So why don't they believe it? - WXIA-TV - June 4th, 2017
- Behavioral science hacks for your next speaking opportunity - SmartBrief (registration) (blog) - June 3rd, 2017
- SHOP TALK: Eldar Shafir on the effects scarcity - centraljersey.com - June 3rd, 2017
- People trust science. So why don't they believe it? - KING5.com - June 3rd, 2017
- Why Mainstream Media Need to Be Careful About Criticizing Conservatives - Patheos (blog) - June 3rd, 2017
- People trust science. So why don't they believe it? - WGRZ-TV - June 2nd, 2017
- UB program for underrepresented minority students in biomedical PhD programs wins coveted renewal - UB News Center - June 2nd, 2017
- Why Mainstream Media Need to Be Careful About Criticizing Conservatives - HuffPost - June 2nd, 2017
- Turn college debt into an investment - Green Bay Press Gazette - June 1st, 2017
- Are Behavioral Science, Customer Centricity And Customer Experience Compatible? - Forbes - June 1st, 2017
- To Counter Opioid Crisis, NIH Pushes Researchers to Invent More Drugs - The Chronicle of Higher Education (subscription) - June 1st, 2017
- Eco-Pass fee increase fight ramps up - La Voz Weekly - June 1st, 2017
- Scientists Want a Vaccine to Protect Readers From Fake News - Sputnik International - June 1st, 2017
- Behavioral neuroscience - Wikipedia - May 31st, 2017
- Wright State spinoff closes on $680K in funding - Dayton Business Journal - May 31st, 2017
- How To Navigate Your Child's Adolescence46:37 - WBUR - May 30th, 2017
- FRC Class of 2017 - Plumas County Newspapers - May 28th, 2017
- Can a Fidget Spinner Really Help You Focus? - Big Think - May 28th, 2017
- How Can Facts Trump Ideology? - Patheos (blog) - May 28th, 2017
- Nearly 1600 Santa Rosa Junior College students receive diplomas in class of 2017 - Santa Rosa Press Democrat - May 28th, 2017
- How Laws of Physics Govern Growth in Business and in Cities - New York Times - May 26th, 2017
- Lodi senior earns 9 associate degrees, picks UC Davis over 11 others - Sacramento Bee - May 26th, 2017
- Duke Hosts Precision Medicine World Conference - Duke Today (blog) - May 25th, 2017
- American Association of Behavioral and Social Sciences - May 25th, 2017
- Cognitive Behavioral Therapy| Psychiatry Conference ... - May 25th, 2017
- The president's budget proposal threatens science - The Hill (blog) - May 25th, 2017
- Celebrating Nearly 11,500 Graduates at CSUN Commencement ... - CSUN Today - May 25th, 2017
- Comments Off on Celebrating Nearly 11500 Graduates at CSUN Commencement 2017 - CSUN Today - May 24th, 2017
- Some Social Scientists Are Tired of Asking for Permission - New York Times - May 23rd, 2017
- Policymakers around the world are embracing behavioural science - The Economist - May 22nd, 2017
- Western Wayne students participate in PJAS competition - News ... - Scranton Times-Tribune - May 22nd, 2017
- What behavioral finance can teach us about markets and ourselves - InvestmentNews - May 22nd, 2017
- Behavioral Science - Psychology | Behavioral Science | Home - May 21st, 2017
- Sometimes, Facts Can Actually Trump Ideology - Scientific American (blog) - May 20th, 2017
- UVU's largest college appoints a new dean - Daily Herald - May 20th, 2017
- The effect of Moore's Law on behavioral marketing - MarTech Today - May 20th, 2017
- Charles Murray is once again peddling junk science about race and IQ - Vox - May 18th, 2017
- Fidget Toys Aren't Just Hype - Scientific American - May 18th, 2017