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Everything Paradox Interactive Announced At PDXCON 2019 – Kotaku Australia

Earlier at PDXCON 2019, Paradox Interactive revealed a ton of new expansions for many of their popular games. They also announced a new sequel to Crusader Kings II and a delay for Vampire: The Masquerade - Bloodlines 2.

This was most likely the biggest announcement from the event. We have more info about the sequel here. Crusader Kings III is coming next year to Steam and Xbox Game Pass.

This new expansion wasnt given an official name or release date, but it looks to be Alcatraz themed. Our best guess: You will get to build and operate island prisons. Paradox also announced that the console exclusive Pysch Ward DLC will be coming to PC on November 21, 2019.

Paradox is releasing a new species pack for Stellaris soon, on October 24. This new species is rock-based and will feature new gameplay and in-game portraits. And later this year, a bigger expansion will be released. Federations will add more diplomacy features and a galactic senate as well as new ways to team up with other alliances and governments.

Originally set to launch in early 2020, the game will now launch later than expected. It is still coming out in 2020, but no window was given. The developers released a blog post detailing their reasons for delaying the game, stating ... theres the responsibility to avoid some of the issues that plagued the first game, which was famously launched too early.

The successor to the popular Surviving Mars, Surviving The Aftermath is a management sim that is all about living in a post-apocalyptic world. The game is available today in Early Access on the Epic Game Store and on Xbox One via the Game Preview program.

Wow, they really had a lot of expansions to announce, didnt they? Add this one to the long list of new expansions. This is the first expansion for Age Of Wonders: Planetfall and it add a new faction, over 30 new locations, new campaign missions and more. This big expansion will be out on November 19.

Heavy Metal is a new expansion for Battletech that will add eight new mechs featuring several classic designs, a Flashpoint mini-campaign, and eight weapon systems. If you have the Season Pass, Heavy Metal is included in that. The new expansion comes out on November 21.

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Everything Paradox Interactive Announced At PDXCON 2019 - Kotaku Australia

Netflix vows crackdown on users who share logins with pals or family and could make you pay EXTRA – The Sun

NETFLIX has promised to crack down on users who share their passwords with friends or family members.

It means that if you borrow someone's login, you may have to start paying for your own account in full instead.

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Netflix already offers some account-sharing features, designed to let people in a single household use one login.

Profiles let users switch between their own browsing history.

But Netflix worries that some users are sharing their logins among different households, with distant pals or even stranges.

Speaking at Netflix's Q3 2019 earnings last week, Netflix product chief Greg Peters said the firm wants to address password-sharing without "alienating a certain portion of [the] user base".

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"We continue to monitor it so we're looking at the situation," he said.

"We'll see those consumer-friendly ways to push on the edges of that."

Netflix hasn't detailed exactly what that means for users.

But experts told The Sun that we're already seeing some early signs of a crackdown.

"They are policing this [already] by blocking the third concurrent screen if two screens are in use at the same time," said Michael Pachter, a top analyst at Wedbush Securities, speaking to The Sun.

"That doesn't help if the users are in different time zones, as many households with kids in college are.

"However, it definitely cracks down on widespread password sharing."

He added: "They also have a way to track device usage and can require two-factor authentication, although they've haven't rolled that out yet."

Use Netflix on a computer or laptop? Try these useful shortcuts

Here are some handy keyboard shortcuts...

The news follows a major announcement by tech firm Synamedia about a new AI system that cracks down on account sharing.

It uses machine learning technology to track shared passwords on streaming services.

And this technology could then be used to force users to upgrade to a premium service, or even shut down their account.

"Casual credentials sharing is becoming too expensive to ignore," said product chief Jean Marc Racine, speaking at the CES event in Las Vegas this year.

"Our new solution gives operators the ability to take action.

"Many casual users will be happy to pay an additional fee for a premium, shared service.

"It's a great way to keep honest people honest, while benefiting from an incremental revenue stream."

In other news, the BBC may give ever licence fee payer a free TV streaming stick "to combat Netflix".

The BBC and ITV have teamed up fora new 5.99-a-month streaming service called BritBox.

Apple is preparing to launchits own streaming service called Apple TV+ on November 1.

GAME DAY Call of Duty Modern Warfare release date is TODAY read our ultimate launch guide

SWORD IN THE STONE 'Real Excalibur' pulled from rock at bottom of lake

HIDDEN FIGURES Skeletons of woman and child dating back 500 years found in Tower of London

LUNAR MYSTERY Crashed Indian Moon lander mysteriously 'missing' as Nasa fails to find it

QUANTUM LEAP Google claims to have developed breakthrough computer which is fastest EVER

And Netflix recentlyhiked prices for some users by up to 2 a month.

Do you think Netflix is right to crack down on account sharing? Let us know in the comments!

We pay for your stories! Do you have a story for The Sun Online Tech & Science team? Email us at tech@the-sun.co.uk

Originally posted here:

Netflix vows crackdown on users who share logins with pals or family and could make you pay EXTRA - The Sun

Dont like the facts? Just Schiff the narrative – Boston Herald

First we were told the phone call was, as The Washington Post breathlessly wrote, so troubling that it prompted an official in the US intelligence community to file a formal whistleblower complaint.

Then we actually got the transcript, and it was nothing, so we were informed by CNN that we had to read between the lines.

In other words, as the crooked FBI agent said of the Russian collusion hoax, there is no there there. So it was time for the Democrats to just plain make it up.

Thus, on Thursday morning, live on most TV channels, Rep. Adam Schiff, the Framingham-born hack Congressman from California, read into the record an utterly fabricated statement from President Trump to the president of Ukraine:

I dont see much reciprocity here. I hear what you want. I have a favor I want from you though. And Im going to say this only seven times so you better listen good. I want you to make up dirt on my political opponent, understand, lots of it

And so on. Like everybody else in America, Schiff had the transcript of the real conversation in front of him, but it wasnt good enough. So he just made it up.

This was after Schiff said over and over again Wednesday that the innocuous phone call reminded him of a Mob extortion, after which Sen. Richard Blumenthal, Stolen Valor-CT, said the conversation was like a gangster shakedown, after which Hillary Clintons favorite reporter, Andrea Mitchell, said she was thinking Godfather.

Is there an echo in here?

As long as Schiff was at it, why didnt he make up Trump saying, Capisce? instead of understand? You know, Italian, like a real Godfather would say.

Remember, this is the same Schiff who appeared on alt-left cable TV hundreds of times over the past two years, claiming he had seen evidence of Trump-Russian collusion. Were still waiting him to produce it.

And now this making it up. Who does he think he is, a columnist for The Boston Globe?

Or maybe hes trying out for a gig on MSNBC. He can work with other such fake-news legends as Brian Williams, Lawrence ODonnell and Mike Barnicle (who used to make stuff up for the Globe before he turned over the coveted fiction slot on the metro page to Kevin Cullen).

Washington, D.C., is turning into the old movie Groundhog Day. The Democrats keep recycling the same old BS, day after day. Last week it was the fake news about Brett Kavanaugh, compliments of the failing New York Times.

And now this, the whistleblower who according to the inspector general of the so-called intelligence community exhibited some indica of an arguable political bias in favor of a rival political candidate.

No, youre kidding. It was a CIA guy, apparently, a Deep State swamp creature who can sharpen pencils and shuffle papers with the best of them, Ill bet, in the tradition of Brennan, Clapper and Comey. Maybe even worked for the Communist-voting Brennan, we now learn. One things for sure: James Bond he aint.

Brennan Jr.s whole complaint reads a lot like an even thinner-gruel version of Hillary Clintons dodgy dossier hearsay, second-hand gossip, innuendo, insinuations, etc. But then again, The New York Times bogus smear of Kavanaugh last week read like watered-down Christine Blasey Ford outtakes.

Thats what I mean about Groundhog Day. A decade ago, Nancy Pelosi said of the disaster known as Obamacare: We have to pass the bill before we can find out whats in it.

This week, before even reading the transcript, she opined that the president had breached his constitutional duties betrayed his oath of office.

I guess now the House has to impeach the President before they can find out if he actually committed a high crime or misdemeanor.

Basically, what the fake news media are telling us is, Trump meant something he actually didnt say. And at the same time, despite the videotape of Biden bragging about his threats to Ukraine, they want us to believe that the vice president didnt really mean what he actually did say.

You know who the real whistleblower is here? Donald J. Trump. Whatever happened to If You See Something, Say Something.

The new version of that, per Adam Schiff, is If You Dont See Something, Just Make It Up.

Capisce?

(Check out Howies latest Dirty Rats podcasts at howiecarrshow.com.)

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Dont like the facts? Just Schiff the narrative - Boston Herald

UI Events KeyboardEvent code Values – World Wide Web …

1. Introduction

This document provides an overview of the various keyboard layouts andspecifies the KeyboardEvent.code values that should beused for each of the keys. Unlike the key values describedin [UIEvents-key], the code values are based only on thekeys physical location on the keyboard and do not vary based on the userscurrent locale.

This specification was formerly titled DOM Level 3 KeyboardEvent code Values.

This specification uses the following conventions:

This section is non-normative.

Alphanumeric keyboards are the most common way for users to generatekeyboard events. This section provides an overview of standard keyboards andtheir physical layouts.

This section describes the physical layouts found on commonly availablekeyboards.

When discussing keyboard layouts, it is convenient to divide thestandard keyboard into distinct sections and to label each row.

These keyboard sections are:

The alphanumeric section is the main part of thekeyboard and is where most of the keyboard variation occurs.When a user selects a keyboard layout, it is the keys in thissections that are most affected.

The control pad and arrow pad sections contain the arrow keys and other editing keys.

The numpad (also known as the "numeric keypad"or "number pad") contains number and math keys to make it easierto enter numeric data.

And finally, the function section containsmiscellaneous function keys and special keys like Escape.

To make it easier to identify keys, the rows on the keyboard arenamed starting with "A" for the bottom row up to "E" for the toprow. The row of keys in the function section are considered to be inrow "K". These row names are consistent with those given in [ISO9995-1].

Note that many keyboards (both modern and legacy) have extra keysthat do not fit neatly into the above sections. Some of these keysare covered in 3.1.6 Media Keys.

The standard "101" keyboard (commonly referred to as the "USlayout") is the only layout that has a "Backslash" key (labeled |) above a single-row Enter key. All the otherlayouts omit this key and expand the Enter key tooccupy two-rows.

Modern standard "101"-layout keyboards actually contain 104 keys: 61keys in the alphanumeric section and 43 keys in the numpad, control pad, arrow pad and function sections.The "101" name for this keyboard layout dates to thetime when this standard keyboard did in fact contain 101 keys. Thetwo Meta keys (commonly given an OS-specific label), and the Menu key were added later to bring the total to 104 keys.

The alternate "101" keyboard has a large Enter key andshrinks the Backspace key to make room for the "IntlYen" key (which replaces the "Backslash" key found in the standard101 layout). The "IntlYen" name comes from the Japanese layoutwhere this is the (yen) key in the Russianlayout shown below this key maps to a /.

Modern alternate "101"-layout keyboards contain 104 keys: 61 keys inthe alphanumeric section and 43 keys in the numpad, control pad, arrow pad and function sections.

The standard "102" keyboard is common throughout Europe and adds akey that doesnt exist on the "101" layouts: The "IntlBackslash" key (labelled | on a UK keyboard) next to the left shiftkey.

A second key is also added (labelled #~ on a UKkeyboard) which is partially tucked under the Enter key.This key is encoded as "Backslash", using the same code as the | key found on the "101" keyboard layout.According to [USB-HID], the US | and UK #~ areactually two separate keys (named "Keyboard and |" and "KeyboardNon-US # and ~"), but since these two keys never co-occur on thesame keyboard most platforms use the same scancode for both keys,making them difficult to distinguish. It is for this reason that thecode "Backslash" is used for both of these keys.

Modern "102"-layout keyboards contain 105 keys: 62 keys in the alphanumeric section and 43 keys in the numpad, control pad, arrow pad and function sections.

The Korean "103" keyboard is based on the alternate 101 layout andadds two additional keys (one on each side of the spacebar) tohandle Korean-specific input modes. These keys are "Lang2" ("Hanja", labelled hanja)and "Lang1" ("HangulMode", labelled / han/yeong).

Modern "103"-layout keyboards contain 106 keys: 63 keys in the alphanumeric section and 43 keys in the numpad, control pad, arrow pad and function sections.

The "104" layout used in Brazil adds 4 new keys: two keysfrom the "102" layout ("Backslash" and "IntlBackslash") plusthe "IntlRo" key (next to the right shift key) and an extra keyon the numpad. This new numpad key is called "NumpadComma" because it represents the thousands separator. Onthe Brazilian key layout, this key is labelled . and the "NumpadDecimal" key is labelled ,.

Modern "104"-layout keyboards contain 107 keys: 63 keys in the alphanumeric section and 44 keys in the numpad, control pad, arrow pad and function sections.Some Brazilian keyboards lack the extra numpad key and haveonly 106 keys.

The Japanese "106" keyboard layout adds 3 new keys: "IntlYen" (labelled _), "Backslash" (labelled ])and "IntlRo" (labelled ).It also shrinks the spacebar to make room for 3 input mode keys: "NonConvert" (labelled muhenkan), "Convert" (labelled henkan)and "KanaMode" (labelled // katakana/hiragana/romaji).

Modern "106"-layout keyboards contain 109 keys: 66 keys in the alphanumeric section and 43 keys in the numpad, control pad, arrow pad and function sections.

In general, Apple keyboards follow the same layout as PC keyboards,but there are some differences as noted in the following figure.

In this figure, the green keys are those that have been moved to anew location while the blue keys indicate keys that have been added.

The limited space available on laptop keyboards often means that thephysical key layout needs to be adjusted to fit all the requiredkeys. The writing system keys in the alphanumericsection tend to remain intact, but the other keyboard sectionsare usually combined with other keys or removed altogether.

In this Apple laptop keyboard, the right control key has beenremoved to make room for half-height arrow keys and a Fn keyis added on the left.

PC laptop keyboards vary considerably, but this sample keyboarddemonstrates some commonly found aspects. The control pad keys are added along the right-hand side with the arrow pad keys tucked in along the bottom. The right Shift key isoften shrunk to make room for the up arrow key and the right Meta key is typically removed altogether.

In the case where a content author wishes to rely on the mechanicallayout of a mobile keypad, this specification suggests the keyboardconfiguration specified in [ISO9995-8], which defines a numeric keypadlayout and secondary assignment of Unicode characters in the range U+0061 ... U+007A ("a" - "z") to the number keys 2 through 9, as a common layout appropriate to someinternational uses.

This keypad layout, and in particular the distribution of letters is forEnglish devices, and will not match the keypads or configurations ofmany users. Content authors cannot rely upon any particularconfiguration, and are expected to create content in aninternationalized and localizable manner.

Many keyboards contain special keys to control media functions.Increasingly, many media devices, especially televisions, areWeb-enabled. Hybrid keyboard/remote-control devices are becoming morecommon. To meet the needs of these hybrid Web/media devices, thisspecification defines keys that are common as remote control buttons, inaddition to traditional keyboard keys.

Because of the smaller form factor, keys (or buttons) on a remotecontrol will often be modal, with one key performing different functionsbased on the context of the on-screen content. Additionally, many keysserve as toggles, to change back and forth between two or more states(see toggling keys). These remote control buttons typically do not havemodifier states so each button is assigned a single function (like Play, Pause, Up, Menu or Exit).

Virtual keyboards are software-based sets of keys, in a variety ofdifferent arrangements, commonly found on touch-screen devices. They areoften modal, with the ability to switch between different dynamic setsof keys, such as alphabetic, numeric, or symbolic keys. Because of thelack of physical constraints, these keyboards MAY present the widestrange of characters, including emoticons and other symbols. Wherever possible,however, virtual keyboards SHOULD produce the normal range of keyboard eventsand values, for ease of authoring and compatibility with existing content.

Chording keyboards, also known as chorded keysets or chord keyboards, arekey input devices which produce values by pressing several keys incombination or sequence, normally to simulate a full range of charactersor commands on a reduced set of keys, often for single-handed use.Achording keyboard MAY have additional mode keys to switch between keyvalues, and the number and type of keys pressed to produce a key valuewill vary, but the final key values produced by such keyboards SHOULDmatch the range of key values described in this specification.

For these and other alternative modal keyboards, the key values "Alphanumeric", "CapsLock", "NumLock",and "SymbolLock" are RECOMMENDED for the keys which switch between different modes.

A key code attribute value is any of the values given in the=KeyboardEvent.code= column of any of the tables in this section of thespecification.

A conforming implementation of the KeyboardEvent interface MUST supportthis set of values for use in the code attributes,although not all values MAY be available on all platforms or devices.

This section defines a list of code values whichimplementations MUST support.

Future versions of this specification MAY include code values not includedhere, which have become common since the publication of this specification.

Note: While every attempt has been made to make this list of values as complete as possible,new values will periodically need to be defined as new input devices are introduced.Rather than allowing user agents to define their own key code attribute values (which are unlikely to be consistent across multiple user agents), bugs SHOULD befiled so that this specification can be updated.

This section describes the various keyboard sections in more detail anddefines the code values that should be used for eachkey.

The alphanumeric section is the main section of the keyboard. Itcontains keys that fall into two generalcategories: writing system keys whose meaningchanges based on the current keyboard layout, and functional keys which are (mostly) the same for alllayouts.

The writing system keys are those that changemeaning (i.e., they produce different key values) based on the current locale and keyboard layout.

This figure shows a hypothetical keyboard that combines all the writing system keys (shown in blue and green) found on thevarious keyboards. Blue keys are present on all standardkeyboards while green keys are only available on some keyboards.

The name shown on each key is the code assigned to that key. Wherever possible, the code names are based on the name for the USkey in that position (i.e., they are based on the US keyboardlayout). For keys that dont exist on the US keyboard, namesfrom the UK or Japanese layouts are used instead.

Note that there are two "Backslash" keys in this figure: alarge one at the end of Row D on the 101-key layout, and asmaller one between "Quote" and "Enter" on Row C of the102-, 104- and 106-key layouts. Only one "Backslash" keymay be present on a keyboard layout.

The functional keys (not to be confused with the function keys described later) are those keys in the alphanumeric section that provide general editingfunctions that are common to all locales (like Shift, Tab, Enter and Backspace). With a fewexceptions, these keys do not change meaning based on thecurrent keyboard layout.

The "AltRight" key (highlighted in green) is the only functional key that does not generate the same key value for every locale. In some locales itproduces "Alt" while in others it produces "AltGraph".

On some keyboards (notably Japanese and Korean) the spacebar isreduced in size to make room for extra keys on the bottom row (Row A).These keys typically allow the users to change the current inputmode. Note that even though some of these Japanese and Koreankeys occupy the same physical location on the keyboard, they usedifferent code values.

On Apple keyboards, some keys on the bottom row are omitted andothers are arranged in a different order.

The control pad section of the keyboard is the set of (usually 6) keysthat perform navigating and editing operations, for example, Home, PageUp and Insert.

The code for the Fn key (found on someApple keyboards) is defined below in the function section.

The arrow pad contains the 4 arrow keys. The keys are commonlyarranged in an "upside-down T" configuration.

The numpad section is the set of keys on the keyboard arranged ina grid like a calculator or mobile phone. This section contains numeric andmathematical operator keys. Often this section will contain a NumLock key which causes the keys to switch between the standard numeric functionsand mimicking the keys of the control pad and arrow pad.Laptop computers and compact keyboards will commonly omit thesekeys to save space.

A keypad is an alternate term for numpad.

The code values in this section should also beused for phone keypads and remote control devices thatarrange number keys in a grid.

The standard numpad is sometimes extended with additional keys forparentheses, operators, hexadecimal symbols, or calculator functions(like Backspace). Some of the commonly added keys are listedin the table below.

For numpads that provide keys not listed here, a code value string should be created by startingwith "Numpad" and appending an appropriate description of the key.

The function section runs along the top of the keyboard (abovethe alphanumeric section) andcontains the function keys and a few additional special keys(for example, Esc and Print Screen).

A function key is any of the keys labelled F1 ... F12 that an application or operating system can associate with a custom functionor action.

On some keyboards (especially those found on laptops or otherportable computers), the function keys (F1 ... F12) are defined to have other primary functions (likecontrolling display brightness or audio volume) and require that aseparate Fn key be pressed to make them act as functionkeys. Unfortunately, the primary functions assigned to these keysvaries widely from one manufacturer to the next. Because of this,the code is always set to the function key name.

For keyboards that provide more than 12 function keys, the code value follows the pattern shown above with"F" followed by the function key number - "F13", "F14", "F15", and so on.

Apple keyboards may have Eject or Power keys in the function section. The code values for thesekeys are defined in 3.1.6 Media Keys.

Media keys are extra keys added to a keyboard that provide media related functionality like play, pause or volume control. These keys do nothave a standard location on the keyboard so keyboards from differentmanufacturers are likely to have a different arrangement of keys or acompletely different sets of keys.

Media keys are often distinct fromnormal typing keys in appearance and may be recessed in thekeyboard.

On laptop keyboards, these keys are often merged with the function keys, with the media key interpretation beingthe primary function of the key and the function key interpretation requiring the Fn key to be pressed at thesame time. In this configuration the code shouldbe set to match the function key ("F1" ... "F12").When the keys are merged in this fashion, the code values are taken from the function key value because the media key value is not consistent across keyboards.

These keys are not found on modern standard keyboards. They arelisted here for reference purposes.

The following keys may be found on non-standard international keyboards.

And finally, the following code value should onlybe used when the corresponding key does not correspond to any of the code values given elsewhere in this specification.This value is appropriate for use with virtual keyboards that do nothave their keys arranged in a way that corresponds to those on aphysical keyboard.

Conforming implementations MUST only use "Unidentified" as a key codewhen there is no way for the implementation to determine the key code.Exposing only this value MUST NOT indicate a conforming implementation.

Considerable thanks are due to the following participants of the WebAppsWorking Group for providing substantial material contributions in theprocess of developing this specification.

Gary Kacmarcik (Google),Masayuki Nakano (Mozilla)

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UI Events KeyboardEvent code Values - World Wide Web ...

Automate the Boring Stuff with Python

Knowing various Python modules for editing spreadsheets, downloading files, and launching programs is useful, but sometimes there just arent any modules for the applications you need to work with. The ultimate tools for automating tasks on your computer are programs you write that directly control the keyboard and mouse. These programs can control other applications by sending them virtual keystrokes and mouse clicks, justpython3- as if you were sitting at your computer and interacting with the applications yourself. This technique is known as graphical user interface automation, or GUI automation for short. With GUI automation, your programs can do anything that a human user sitting at the computer can do, except spill coffee on the keyboard.

Think of GUI automation as programming a robotic arm. You can program the robotic arm to type at your keyboard and move your mouse for you. This technique is particularly useful for tasks that involve a lot of mindless clicking or filling out of forms.

The pyautogui module has functions for simulating mouse movements, button clicks, and scrolling the mouse wheel. This chapter covers only a subset of PyAutoGUIs features; you can find the full documentation at http://pyautogui.readthedocs.org/.

The pyautogui module can send virtual keypresses and mouse clicks to Windows, OS X, and Linux. Depending on which operating system youre using, you may have to install some other modules (called dependencies) before you can install PyAutoGUI.

On Windows, there are no other modules to install.

On OS X, run sudo pip3 install pyobjc-framework-Quartz, sudo pip3 install pyobjc-core, and then sudo pip3 install pyobjc.

On Linux, run sudo pip3 install python3-xlib, sudo apt-get install scrot, sudo apt-get install python3-tk, and sudo apt-get install python3-dev. (Scrot is a screenshot program that PyAutoGUI uses.)

After these dependencies are installed, run pip install pyautogui (or pip3 on OS X and Linux) to install PyAutoGUI.

Appendix A has complete information on installing third-party modules. To test whether PyAutoGUI has been installed correctly, run import pyautogui from the interactive shell and check for any error messages.

Before you jump in to a GUI automation, you should know how to escape problems that may arise. Python can move your mouse and type keystrokes at an incredible speed. In fact, it might be too fast for other programs to keep up with. Also, if something goes wrong but your program keeps moving the mouse around, it will be hard to tell what exactly the program is doing or how to recover from the problem. Like the enchanted brooms from Disneys The Sorcerers Apprentice, which kept fillingand then overfillingMickeys tub with water, your program could get out of control even though its following your instructions perfectly. Stopping the program can be difficult if the mouse is moving around on its own, preventing you from clicking the IDLE window to close it. Fortunately, there are several ways to prevent or recover from GUI automation problems.

Perhaps the simplest way to stop an out-of-control GUI automation program is to log out, which will shut down all running programs. On Windows and Linux, the logout hotkey is CTRL-ALT-DEL. On OS X, it is -SHIFT-OPTION-Q. By logging out, youll lose any unsaved work, but at least you wont have to wait for a full reboot of the computer.

You can tell your script to wait after every function call, giving you a short window to take control of the mouse and keyboard if something goes wrong. To do this, set the pyautogui.PAUSE variable to the number of seconds you want it to pause. For example, after setting pyautogui.PAUSE = 1.5, every PyAutoGUI function call will wait one and a half seconds after performing its action. Non-PyAutoGUI instructions will not have this pause.

PyAutoGUI also has a fail-safe feature. Moving the mouse cursor to the upper-left corner of the screen will cause PyAutoGUI to raise the pyautogui.FailSafeException exception. Your program can either handle this exception with try and except statements or let the exception crash your program. Either way, the fail-safe feature will stop the program if you quickly move the mouse as far up and left as you can. You can disable this feature by setting pyautogui.FAILSAFE = False. Enter the following into the interactive shell:

Here we import pyautogui and set pyautogui.PAUSE to 1 for a one-second pause after each function call. We set pyautogui.FAILSAFE to True to enable the fail-safe feature.

In this section, youll learn how to move the mouse and track its position on the screen using PyAutoGUI, but first you need to understand how PyAutoGUI works with coordinates.

The mouse functions of PyAutoGUI use x- and y-coordinates. Figure18-1 shows the coordinate system for the computer screen; its similar to the coordinate system used for images, discussed in Chapter17. The origin, where x and y are both zero, is at the upper-left corner of the screen. The x-coordinates increase going to the right, and the y-coordinates increase going down. All coordinates are positive integers; there are no negative coordinates.

Figure18-1.The coordinates of a computer screen with 19201080 resolution

Your resolution is how many pixels wide and tall your screen is. If your screens resolution is set to 19201080, then the coordinate for the upper-left corner will be (0, 0), and the coordinate for the bottom-right corner will be (1919, 1079).

The pyautogui.size() function returns a two-integer tuple of the screens width and height in pixels. Enter the following into the interactive shell:

pyautogui.size() returns (1920, 1080) on a computer with a 19201080 resolution; depending on your screens resolution, your return value may be different. You can store the width and height from pyautogui.size() in variables like width and height for better readability in your programs.

Now that you understand screen coordinates, lets move the mouse. The pyautogui.moveTo() function will instantly move the mouse cursor to a specified position on the screen. Integer values for the x- and y-coordinates make up the functions first and second arguments, respectively. An optional duration integer or float keyword argument specifies the number of seconds it should take to move the mouse to the destination. If you leave it out, the default is 0 for instantaneous movement. (All of the duration keyword arguments in PyAutoGUI functions are optional.) Enter the following into the interactive shell:

This example moves the mouse cursor clockwise in a square pattern among the four coordinates provided a total of ten times. Each movement takes a quarter of a second, as specified by the duration=0.25 keyword argument. If you hadnt passed a third argument to any of the pyautogui.moveTo() calls, the mouse cursor would have instantly teleported from point to point.

The pyautogui.moveRel() function moves the mouse cursor relative to its current position. The following example moves the mouse in the same square pattern, except it begins the square from wherever the mouse happens to be on the screen when the code starts running:

pyautogui.moveRel() also takes three arguments: how many pixels to move horizontally to the right, how many pixels to move vertically downward, and (optionally) how long it should take to complete the movement. A negative integer for the first or second argument will cause the mouse to move left or upward, respectively.

You can determine the mouses current position by calling the pyautogui.position() function, which will return a tuple of the mouse cursors x and y positions at the time of the function call. Enter the following into the interactive shell, moving the mouse around after each call:

Of course, your return values will vary depending on where your mouse cursor is.

Being able to determine the mouse position is an important part of setting up your GUI automation scripts. But its almost impossible to figure out the exact coordinates of a pixel just by looking at the screen. It would be handy to have a program that constantly displays the x- and y-coordinates of the mouse cursor as you move it around.

At a high level, heres what your program should do:

This means your code will need to do the following:

Call the position() function to fetch the current coordinates.

Erase the previously printed coordinates by printing b backspace characters to the screen.

Handle the KeyboardInterrupt exception so the user can press CTRL-C to quit.

Open a new file editor window and save it as mouseNow.py.

Start your program with the following:

The beginning of the program imports the pyautogui module and prints a reminder to the user that they have to press CTRL-C to quit.

You can use an infinite while loop to constantly print the current mouse coordinates from mouse.position(). As for the code that quits the program, youll need to catch the KeyboardInterrupt exception, which is raised whenever the user presses CTRL-C. If you dont handle this exception, it will display an ugly traceback and error message to the user. Add the following to your program:

To handle the exception, enclose the infinite while loop in a try statement. When the user presses CTRL-C, the program execution will move to the except clause and Done. will be printed in a new line .

The code inside the while loop should get the current mouse coordinates, format them to look nice, and print them. Add the following code to the inside of the while loop:

Using the multiple assignment trick, the x and y variables are given the values of the two integers returned in the tuple from pyautogui.position(). By passing x and y to the str() function, you can get string forms of the integer coordinates. The rjust() string method will right-justify them so that they take up the same amount of space, whether the coordinate has one, two, three, or four digits. Concatenating the right-justified string coordinates with 'X: ' and ' Y: ' labels gives us a neatly formatted string, which will be stored in positionStr.

At the end of your program, add the following code:

This actually prints positionStr to the screen. The end='' keyword argument to print() prevents the default newline character from being added to the end of the printed line. Its possible to erase text youve already printed to the screenbut only for the most recent line of text. Once you print a newline character, you cant erase anything printed before it.

To erase text, print the b backspace escape character. This special character erases a character at the end of the current line on the screen. The line at uses string replication to produce a string with as many b characters as the length of the string stored in positionStr, which has the effect of erasing the positionStr string that was last printed.

For a technical reason beyond the scope of this book, always pass flush=True to print() calls that print b backspace characters. Otherwise, the screen might not update the text as desired.

Since the while loop repeats so quickly, the user wont actually notice that youre deleting and reprinting the whole number on the screen. For example, if the x-coordinate is 563 and the mouse moves one pixel to the right, it will look like only the 3 in 563 is changed to a 4.

When you run the program, there will be only two lines printed. They should look like something like this:

The first line displays the instruction to press CTRL-C to quit. The second line with the mouse coordinates will change as you move the mouse around the screen. Using this program, youll be able to figure out the mouse coordinates for your GUI automation scripts.

Now that you know how to move the mouse and figure out where it is on the screen, youre ready to start clicking, dragging, and scrolling.

To send a virtual mouse click to your computer, call the pyautogui.click() method. By default, this click uses the left mouse button and takes place wherever the mouse cursor is currently located. You can pass x- and y-coordinates of the click as optional first and second arguments if you want it to take place somewhere other than the mouses current position.

If you want to specify which mouse button to use, include the button keyword argument, with a value of 'left', 'middle', or 'right'. For example, pyautogui.click(100, 150, button='left') will click the left mouse button at the coordinates (100, 150), while pyautogui.click(200, 250, button='right') will perform a right-click at (200, 250).

Enter the following into the interactive shell:

You should see the mouse pointer move to near the top-left corner of your screen and click once. A full click is defined as pushing a mouse button down and then releasing it back up without moving the cursor. You can also perform a click by calling pyautogui.mouseDown(), which only pushes the mouse button down, and pyautogui.mouseUp(), which only releases the button. These functions have the same arguments as click(), and in fact, the click() function is just a convenient wrapper around these two function calls.

As a further convenience, the pyautogui.doubleClick() function will perform two clicks with the left mouse button, while the pyautogui.rightClick() and pyautogui.middleClick() functions will perform a click with the right and middle mouse buttons, respectively.

Dragging means moving the mouse while holding down one of the mouse buttons. For example, you can move files between folders by dragging the folder icons, or you can move appointments around in a calendar app.

PyAutoGUI provides the pyautogui.dragTo() and pyautogui.dragRel() functions to drag the mouse cursor to a new location or a location relative to its current one. The arguments for dragTo() and dragRel() are the same as moveTo() and moveRel(): the x-coordinate/horizontal movement, the y-coordinate/vertical movement, and an optional duration of time. (OS X does not drag correctly when the mouse moves too quickly, so passing a duration keyword argument is recommended.)

To try these functions, open a graphics-drawing application such as Paint on Windows, Paintbrush on OS X, or GNU Paint on Linux. (If you dont have a drawing application, you can use the online one at http://sumopaint.com/.) I will use PyAutoGUI to draw in these applications.

With the mouse cursor over the drawing applications canvas and the Pencil or Brush tool selected, enter the following into a new file editor window and save it as spiralDraw.py:

When you run this program, there will be a five-second delay for you to move the mouse cursor over the drawing programs window with the Pencil or Brush tool selected. Then spiralDraw.py will take control of the mouse and click to put the drawing program in focus . A window is in focus when it has an active blinking cursor, and the actions you takelike typing or, in this case, dragging the mousewill affect that window. Once the drawing program is in focus, spiralDraw.py draws a square spiral pattern like the one in Figure18-2.

Figure18-2.The results from the pyautogui.dragRel() example

The distance variable starts at 200, so on the first iteration of the while loop, the first dragRel() call drags the cursor 200 pixels to the right, taking 0.2 seconds . distance is then decreased to 195 , and the second dragRel() call drags the cursor 195 pixels down . The third dragRel() call drags the cursor 195 horizontally (195 to the left) , distance is decreased to 190, and the last dragRel() call drags the cursor 190 pixels up. On each iteration, the mouse is dragged right, down, left, and up, and distance is slightly smaller than it was in the previous iteration. By looping over this code, you can move the mouse cursor to draw a square spiral.

You could draw this spiral by hand (or rather, by mouse), but youd have to work slowly to be so precise. PyAutoGUI can do it in a few seconds!

You could have your code draw the image using the pillow modules drawing functionssee Chapter17 for more information. But using GUI automation allows you to make use of the advanced drawing tools that graphics programs can provide, such as gradients, different brushes, or the fill bucket.

The final PyAutoGUI mouse function is scroll(), which you pass an integer argument for how many units you want to scroll the mouse up or down. The size of a unit varies for each operating system and application, so youll have to experiment to see exactly how far it scrolls in your particular situation. The scrolling takes place at the mouse cursors current position. Passing a positive integer scrolls up, and passing a negative integer scrolls down. Run the following in IDLEs interactive shell while the mouse cursor is over the IDLE window:

Youll see IDLE briefly scroll upwardand then go back down. The downward scrolling happens because IDLE automatically scrolls down to the bottom after executing an instruction. Enter this code instead:

This imports pyperclip and sets up an empty string, numbers. The code then loops through 200 numbers and adds each number to numbers, along with a newline. After pyperclip.copy(numbers), the clipboard will be loaded with 200 lines of numbers. Open a new file editor window and paste the text into it. This will give you a large text window to try scrolling in. Enter the following code into the interactive shell:

On the second line, you enter two commands separated by a semicolon, which tells Python to run the commands as if they were on separate lines. The only difference is that the interactive shell wont prompt you for input between the two instructions. This is important for this example because we want to the call to pyautogui.scroll() to happen automatically after the wait. (Note that while putting two commands on one line can be useful in the interactive shell, you should still have each instruction on a separate line in your programs.)

After pressing ENTER to run the code, you will have five seconds to click the file editor window to put it in focus. Once the pause is over, the pyautogui.scroll() call will cause the file editor window to scroll up after the five-second delay.

Your GUI automation programs dont have to click and type blindly. PyAutoGUI has screenshot features that can create an image file based on the current contents of the screen. These functions can also return a Pillow Image object of the current screens appearance. If youve been skipping around in this book, youll want to read Chapter17 and install the pillow module before continuing with this section.

On Linux computers, the scrot program needs to be installed to use the screenshot functions in PyAutoGUI. In a Terminal window, run sudo apt-get install scrot to install this program. If youre on Windows or OS X, skip this step and continue with the section.

To take screenshots in Python, call the pyautogui.screenshot() function. Enter the following into the interactive shell:

The im variable will contain the Image object of the screenshot. You can now call methods on the Image object in the im variable, just like any other Image object. Enter the following into the interactive shell:

Pass getpixel() a tuple of coordinates, like (0, 0) or (50, 200), and itll tell you the color of the pixel at those coordinates in your image. The return value from getpixel() is an RGB tuple of three integers for the amount of red, green, and blue in the pixel. (There is no fourth value for alpha, because screenshot images are fully opaque.) This is how your programs can see what is currently on the screen.

Say that one of the steps in your GUI automation program is to click a gray button. Before calling the click() method, you could take a screenshot and look at the pixel where the script is about to click. If its not the same gray as the gray button, then your program knows something is wrong. Maybe the window moved unexpectedly, or maybe a pop-up dialog has blocked the button. At this point, instead of continuingand possibly wreaking havoc by clicking the wrong thingyour program can see that it isnt clicking on the right thing and stop itself.

PyAutoGUIs pixelMatchesColor() function will return True if the pixel at the given x- and y-coordinates on the screen matches the given color. The first and second arguments are integers for the x- and y-coordinates, and the third argument is a tuple of three integers for the RGB color the screen pixel must match. Enter the following into the interactive shell:

After taking a screenshot and using getpixel() to get an RGB tuple for the color of a pixel at specific coordinates , pass the same coordinates and RGB tuple to pixelMatchesColor() , which should return True. Then change a value in the RGB tuple and call pixelMatchesColor() again for the same coordinates . This should return false. This method can be useful to call whenever your GUI automation programs are about to call click(). Note that the color at the given coordinates must exactly match. If it is even slightly differentfor example, (255, 255, 254) instead of (255, 255, 255)then pixelMatchesColor() will return False.

You could extend the mouseNow.py project from earlier in this chapter so that it not only gives the x- and y-coordinates of the mouse cursors current position but also gives the RGB color of the pixel under the cursor. Modify the code inside the while loop of mouseNow.py to look like this:

Now, when you run mouseNow.py, the output will include the RGB color value of the pixel under the mouse cursor.

This information, along with the pixelMatchesColor() function, should make it easy to add pixel color checks to your GUI automation scripts.

But what if you do not know beforehand where PyAutoGUI should click? You can use image recognition instead. Give PyAutoGUI an image of what you want to click and let it figure out the coordinates.

For example, if you have previously taken a screenshot to capture the image of a Submit button in submit.png, the locateOnScreen() function will return the coordinates where that image is found. To see how locateOnScreen() works, try taking a screenshot of a small area on your screen; then save the image and enter the following into the interactive shell, replacing 'submit. png' with the filename of your screenshot:

The four-integer tuple that locateOnScreen() returns has the x-coordinate of the left edge, the y-coordinate of the top edge, the width, and the height for the first place on the screen the image was found. If youre trying this on your computer with your own screenshot, your return value will be different from the one shown here.

If the image cannot be found on the screen, locateOnScreen() will return None. Note that the image on the screen must match the provided image perfectly in order to be recognized. If the image is even a pixel off, locateOnScreen() will return None.

If the image can be found in several places on the screen, locateAllOnScreen() will return a Generator object, which can be passed to list() to return a list of four-integer tuples. There will be one four-integer tuple for each location where the image is found on the screen. Continue the interactive shell example by entering the following (and replacing 'submit.png' with your own image filename):

Each of the four-integer tuples represents an area on the screen. If your image is only found in one area, then using list() and locateAllOnScreen() just returns a list containing one tuple.

Once you have the four-integer tuple for the area on the screen where your image was found, you can click the center of this area by passing the tuple to the center() function to return x- and y-coordinates of the areas center. Enter the following into the interactive shell, replacing the arguments with your own filename, four-integer tuple, and coordinate pair:

Once you have center coordinates from center(), passing the coordinates to click() should click the center of the area on the screen that matches the image you passed to locateOnScreen().

PyAutoGUI also has functions for sending virtual keypresses to your computer, which enables you to fill out forms or enter text into applications.

The pyautogui.typewrite() function sends virtual keypresses to the computer. What these keypresses do depends on what window and text field have focus. You may want to first send a mouse click to the text field you want in order to ensure that it has focus.

As a simple example, lets use Python to automatically type the words Hello world! into a file editor window. First, open a new file editor window and position it in the upper-left corner of your screen so that PyAutoGUI will click in the right place to bring it into focus. Next, enter the following into the interactive shell:

Notice how placing two commands on the same line, separated by a semicolon, keeps the interactive shell from prompting you for input between running the two instructions. This prevents you from accidentally bringing a new window into focus between the click() and typewrite() calls, which would mess up the example.

Python will first send a virtual mouse click to the coordinates (100, 100), which should click the file editor window and put it in focus. The typewrite() call will send the text Hello world! to the window, making it look like Figure18-3. You now have code that can type for you!

Figure18-3.Using PyAutogGUI to click the file editor window and type Hello world! into it

By default, the typewrite() function will type the full string instantly. However, you can pass an optional second argument to add a short pause between each character. This second argument is an integer or float value of the number of seconds to pause. For example, pyautogui.typewrite('Hello world!', 0.25) will wait a quarter-second after typing H, another quarter-second after e, and so on. This gradual typewriter effect may be useful for slower applications that cant process keystrokes fast enough to keep up with PyAutoGUI.

For characters such as A or !, PyAutoGUI will automatically simulate holding down the SHIFT key as well.

Not all keys are easy to represent with single text characters. For example, how do you represent SHIFT or the left arrow key as a single character? In PyAutoGUI, these keyboard keys are represented by short string values instead: 'esc' for the ESC key or 'enter' for the ENTER key.

Instead of a single string argument, a list of these keyboard key strings can be passed to typewrite(). For example, the following call presses the A key, then the B key, then the left arrow key twice, and finally the X and Y keys:

Because pressing the left arrow key moves the keyboard cursor, this will output XYab. Table18-1 lists the PyAutoGUI keyboard key strings that you can pass to typewrite() to simulate pressing any combination of keys.

You can also examine the pyautogui.KEYBOARD_KEYS list to see all possible keyboard key strings that PyAutoGUI will accept. The 'shift' string refers to the left SHIFT key and is equivalent to 'shiftleft'. The same applies for 'ctrl', 'alt', and 'win' strings; they all refer to the left-side key.

Table18-1.PyKeyboard Attributes

Keyboard key string

Meaning

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Automate the Boring Stuff with Python

AltLeft.com "The Left of the AltRight"

Of all the mental shortcuts embedded in human languages which impede understanding of mindless processes (such as natural selection), few are more obnoxious than because. From this comes a tendency to anthropomorphise, and read all outcomes in nature as if they were ordained by something approximating an intention. Religion has to be an adaptation, because the religious (currently) outbreed the irreligious. The second clause in that sentence is (currently) correct, but the because makes it sound as though the current religious selection advantage represents some design feature with the desired (by what?) end of promoting reproductive fitness (adaptation). And fitness is where the matter rests. Contrast with the following sentence:

Under current conditions in which the religious outbreed the irreligious, religion is adaptive. This statement is of course tautologous, since to say that a trait or behaviour is adaptive means merely that under condition X it gives one a reproductive edge. The term adaptation, though, is often applied to traits or behaviours which are selectively neutral or even counter-adaptive in particular environments. Genes which contribute to an overzealous appetite may be fitness-neutral to a subsistence farmer but become obesogenic in the modern world of easily available food. The genes carrier still exercises this adaptation, but it is no longer adaptive, reproductively useful, except in an environment full of fat-fetishists.

Human society has changed so dramatically in the last two centuries that it would be hasty to say the least to assume that everything with a current selective disadvantage is an illness (due to pathogens, mutational load, or whatever). Just as equally, one cannot assume that something with a current advantage exists having evolved by resolving an adaptive problem. Religion was ubiquitous across cultures before the 20th century, yet now the religious fraction represent an ever tinier percentage of the population in many countries, and it remains to be seen just how tiny the genetic hard core of religiosity will get before the trend is reversed. If the presence of religion were explicable in terms of fitness benefit, why are the genes not already more widespread? This alone should be enough to tell you that genes (and thus, adaptation) per se had little to do with religions evolution.

But apparently this is not obvious to some. Many people are inclined to view adaptations as intricate mechanisms, which by dint of their intricacy are delicate and susceptible to dysfunction, rather like the springs and levers of a pocket-watch. All analogies are imperfect, but this is a useless one. Some traits, and indeed behaviours, are more prone to changing by exogenous insults than others. For instance, a particularly naive person might imagine that in a pandemic of severe endometriosis, whereby female beauty and youth cease to be predictive as indicators of fertility, males would be disincentivised from their sexual attraction to these traits because the attraction would no longer perform its original functions. Needless to say, this would not happen. Male callogamy (attention to beauty) has proven so reliably fitness-enhancing over the eons, since even before the human species, that it is extraordinarily resilient to any incentive change: selection will always favour a deterministic developmental pathway for such consistently valuable traits. General intelligence is yet another example: the current dysgenic trend is a product of the last few generations and on the order of ~1 point per generation despite ramping up of mutational load globally (well see how long it can last), and almost no non-genetic factors seem capable of depressing its expression to any appreciable degree. Lead looked plausible at some point, but then you remember that Victorians liked to use mercury in their make-up, and yet the 19th century was the most intellectually productive in human history.

Viewed under this light, the religion as adaptation thesis looks all the more dubious. Evolutionary forces selection, mutation, drift, etc are just as capable of acting on general intelligence and other psychological traits as anything else, hence the well-documented evolved changes in the European peoples since around AD1000: declines in violence, and probably gains in intelligence, culminating ultimately in the zenith of the 19th century. Evolution can indeed happen fast, but not that fast. The bulk of these changes took place over a period of, at minimum, 20 generations, not 2-3, and our intelligence has more or less survived the last 2-3 generations intact. Religion has not. It has none of the hallmarks of an adaptation, but all the hallmarks of a complex socially learned behaviour, maintained by powerful norm-enforcers and epistemic authorities, which has lost currency in recent decades for a variety of reasons, the most commonsense explanation being that it no longer appeals to the educated because the answers it gives are inferior to those of other epistemic authorities, i.e. scientists.

The human capacity for cultural transmission through language makes a nonsense of the notion that anything which is not adaptive, even across all environments, should be impossible to sustain. The most obvious example in Christian cultures is the vow of celibacy, and there are numerous others such as taboos against eating highly nutrient-dense foods, which persist among the undernourished tribes of Papua New Guinea. So too with the European wars of religion, which resulted in millions of young men dying childless in their haste to protect a non-existent natural resource, i.e. Gods favour.

Group selection is another temptation when formulating theories about the origin of religion the idea that even a behaviour which reduces fitness at the individual level can persist if it provides some advantage at the level of the social group. It is a neat idea, but clearly unworkable in practice. Suppose some cohort of ones country likes spreading the word of God through warfare call this behaviour X. They can seize new territory in Gods name and provide new land for others in their group who are not quite so zealous, and this may look like a success to the people who reap those rewards, but at the end of the day: the behaviour is still going to diminish because everyone who engages in it is at a massively elevated risk of dying before reproduction. Evolution does not care about states or dominions.

It is understandable why post hoc stories about religion as adaptation are popular, even among well-informed people. Intelligence is not a good predictor of having sensible views where political matters are concerned, since politics is about group loyalty more than anything else. This is why the number of US Democrats who thought immigration was an important social issue declined precipitously in the 2010s when it became the issue of the right; what mattered was showing solidarity against rival political coalitions (i.e. the right) rather than the truth. Adaptive stories about religion seem to appeal an awful lot to European traditionalist-nationalists who are hoping to use Christianity as the conduit for some kind of renewed ethnocentrism to uplift the European spirit. The Chinese do not seem to need it, oddly enough. Nor even the Czechs, much closer to home. It did not work for Rome, and it sure as fuck wont for us.

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AltLeft.com "The Left of the AltRight"

Andrew Yang Rejects Support From White Nationalists …

$1,000 a month or mainstream conservatism? It focuses the mind like a laser:

Theres no indication that the campaign has courted that support, and when reached by The Verge, Yang unequivocally rejected it. I denounce and disavow hatred, bigotry, racism, white nationalism, anti-Semitism and the alt-right in all its many forms. Full stop, Yang said in a statement. For anyone with this agenda, we do not want your support. We do not want your votes. You are not welcome in this campaign.

As one of the first Asian American candidates for President in our history and the son of immigrants, I see racism and white nationalism as a threat to the core ideals of what it means to be an American, Yang continued. I have two young children who will grow up in this country. I know what that means.

There are some people who are mad about this.

Im not one of those people. Why on earth would I be mad about this? The GOP Congress has condemned White Nationalists at least three times since Charlottesville. If memory serves, I believe they have done it last week and at least twice so far this year alone. Donald Trump even said after the shooting in Pittsburgh that those seeking the Jews destruction, we will seek their destruction.

Im under no illusions that Andrew Yang, an Asian Democrat running in a Democratic primary, is a White Nationalist or Alt-Right candidate. He is a Green Nationalist. He wants to give everyone $1,000 a month. Im on board with that. And let me tell you, Green Nationalism is sounding a whole lot more attractive right now than four more years of cuckservatism.

I voted for Donald Trump because of immigration, trade, foreign policy and political correctness. Ive watched him and graded him every day for over two years. He has failed across the board on all of those issues. He has also repeatedly shown that he is untrustworthy. What ever came of his promises to end birthright citizenship, social media censorship or Antifa violence? Does he not realize what a massive bait and switch it was to endorse RAISING legal immigration?

Now, I am thinking less about trying to reform the GOP and save America the last two years has shown that Republicans are utterly unwilling to so much as even try to amend their legislative agenda to make it more populist than what I can get out of the rotten system. Im now going to vote on the basis on issues like bills, health care, student loan debt and the costs of education. Thats what I want to hear about. Everyone has those concerns, not just White Nationalists.

I dont want to hear the 1,000th podcast about Robert Mueller or the 5,000th episode of Hannity about Peter Strzok. I dont want to read or listen to anymore copes about how Trump can still turn this around or wildly unrealistic 4D Chess scenarios about how Trump is going to do this or that at some point in the future. In 2020, I want candidates to explain to me in clear, unambiguous language what they can do to improve the material standard of living of White Americans.

The GOP isnt going to build the border wall. It isnt even going to deport the illegal aliens that are already here. It isnt going to do anything about cultural decay. It certainly isnt going to end abortion. None of the social issues that conservatives run on are real. The only thing that matters is rewarding donors with the policies they wanted like tax cuts, deregulation, criminal justice reform, etc. Cuckservatism has nothing going for it.

Im so over pretending that anyone in Republican politics or mainstream conservatism shares my values. Look around and you will find that the Trump entourage from top to bottom is nothing but uninspiring grifters with stale rhetoric: Charlie Kirk, Candace Owens, Diamond and Silk, Mike Huckabee, Seb Gorka, etc. If you watched CPAC and still believe that any of these types are going to somehow turn the country around, I got a 30 foot Mexican border wall to sell you!

When the GOP is running in 2020 on Democrats are the real anti-Semites and theyre gonna take away our cheeseburgers, literal Burger Nationalism which went from being a meme last year into their actual messaging, it is best to just step aside and take the Yang bucks.

Note: I dont even believe we will get those Yang bucks. I just think it is a better idea than anything that I saw at CPAC.

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Andrew Yang Rejects Support From White Nationalists ...

Ripple Price Forecast: XRP vs SWIFT, SEC Updates, and More

Ripple vs SWIFT: The War Begins
While most criticisms of XRP do nothing to curb my bullish Ripple price forecast, there is one obstacle that nags at my conscience. Its name is SWIFT.

The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) is the king of international payments.

It coordinates wire transfers across 11,000 banks in more than 200 countries and territories, meaning that in order for XRP prices to ascend to $10.00, Ripple needs to launch a successful coup. That is, and always has been, an unwritten part of Ripple’s story.

We’ve seen a lot of progress on that score. In the last three years, Ripple wooed more than 100 financial firms onto its.

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Ripple Price Forecast: XRP vs SWIFT, SEC Updates, and More

Cryptocurrency News: Looking Past the Bithumb Crypto Hack

Another Crypto Hack Derails Recovery
Since our last report, hackers broke into yet another cryptocurrency exchange. This time the target was Bithumb, a Korean exchange known for high-flying prices and ultra-active traders.

While the hackers made off with approximately $31.5 million in funds, the exchange is working with relevant authorities to return the stolen tokens to their respective owners. In the event that some is still missing, the exchange will cover the losses. (Source: “Bithumb Working With Other Crypto Exchanges to Recover Hacked Funds,”.

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Cryptocurrency News: Looking Past the Bithumb Crypto Hack

Cryptocurrency News: This Week on Bitfinex, Tether, Coinbase, & More

Cryptocurrency News
On the whole, cryptocurrency prices are down from our previous report on cryptos, with the market slipping on news of an exchange being hacked and a report about Bitcoin manipulation.

However, there have been two bright spots: 1) an official from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) said that Ethereum is not a security, and 2) Coinbase is expanding its selection of tokens.

Let's start with the good news.
SEC Says ETH Is Not a Security
Investors have some reason to cheer this week. A high-ranking SEC official told attendees of the Yahoo! All Markets Summit: Crypto that Ethereum and Bitcoin are not.

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Cryptocurrency News: This Week on Bitfinex, Tether, Coinbase, & More

Cryptocurrency News: What You Need to Know This Week

Cryptocurrency News
Cryptocurrencies traded sideways since our last report on cryptos. However, I noticed something interesting when playing around with Yahoo! Finance’s cryptocurrency screener: There are profitable pockets in this market.

Incidentally, Yahoo’s screener is far superior to the one on CoinMarketCap, so if you’re looking to compare digital assets, I highly recommend it.

But let's get back to my epiphany.

In the last month, at one point or another, most crypto assets on our favorites list saw double-digit increases. It’s true that each upswing was followed by a hard crash, but investors who rode the trend would have made a.

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Cryptocurrency News: What You Need to Know This Week

Cryptocurrency News: XRP Validators, Malta, and Practical Tokens

Cryptocurrency News & Market Summary
Investors finally saw some light at the end of the tunnel last week, with cryptos soaring across the board. No one quite knows what kicked off the rally—as it could have been any of the stories we discuss below—but the net result was positive.

Of course, prices won’t stay on this rocket ride forever. I expect to see a resurgence of volatility in short order, because the market is moving as a single unit. Everything is rising in tandem.

This tells me that investors are simply “buying the dip” rather than identifying which cryptos have enough real-world value to outlive the crash.

So if you want to know when.

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Cryptocurrency News: XRP Validators, Malta, and Practical Tokens

Cryptocurrency News: Bitcoin ETFs, Andreessen Horowitz, and Contradictions in Crypto

Cryptocurrency News
This was a bloody week for cryptocurrencies. Everything was covered in red, from Ethereum (ETH) on down to the Basic Attention Token (BAT).

Some investors claim it was inevitable. Others say that price manipulation is to blame.

We think the answers are more complicated than either side has to offer, because our research reveals deep contradictions between the price of cryptos and the underlying development of blockchain projects.

For instance, a leading venture capital (VC) firm launched a $300.0-million crypto investment fund, yet liquidity continues to dry up in crypto markets.

Another example is the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's.

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Cryptocurrency News: Bitcoin ETFs, Andreessen Horowitz, and Contradictions in Crypto

Cryptocurrency News: New Exchanges Could Boost Crypto Liquidity

Cryptocurrency News
Even though the cryptocurrency news was upbeat in recent days, the market tumbled after the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) rejected calls for a Bitcoin (BTC) exchange-traded fund (ETF).

That news came as a blow to investors, many of whom believe the ETF would open the cryptocurrency industry up to pension funds and other institutional investors. This would create a massive tailwind for cryptos, they say.

So it only follows that a rejection of the Bitcoin ETF should send cryptos tumbling, correct? Well, maybe you can follow that logic. To me, it seems like a dramatic overreaction.

I understand that legitimizing cryptos is important. But.

The post Cryptocurrency News: New Exchanges Could Boost Crypto Liquidity appeared first on Profit Confidential.

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Cryptocurrency News: New Exchanges Could Boost Crypto Liquidity

Cryptocurrency News: Bitcoin ETF Rejection, AMD Microchip Sales, and Hedge Funds

Cryptocurrency News
Although cryptocurrency prices were heating up last week (Bitcoin, especially), regulators poured cold water on the rally by rejecting calls for a Bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF). This is the second time that the proposal fell on deaf ears. (More on that below.)

Crypto mining ran into similar trouble, as you can see from Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.'s (NASDAQ:AMD) most recent quarterly earnings. However, it wasn't all bad news. Investors should, for instance, be cheering the fact that hedge funds are ramping up their involvement in cryptocurrency markets.

Without further ado, here are those stories in greater detail.
ETF Rejection.

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Cryptocurrency News: Bitcoin ETF Rejection, AMD Microchip Sales, and Hedge Funds

Bitcoin Rise: Is the Recent Bitcoin Price Surge a Sign of Things to Come or Another Misdirection?

What You Need to Know About the Bitcoin Price Rise
It wasn't that long ago that Bitcoin (BTC) dominated headlines for its massive growth, with many cryptocurrency millionaires being made. The Bitcoin price surged ever upward and many people thought the gravy train would never stop running—until it did.

Prices crashed, investors abandoned the space, and lots of people lost money. Cut to today and we're seeing another big Bitcoin price surge; is this time any different?

I'm of a mind that investors ought to think twice before jumping back in on Bitcoin.

Bitcoin made waves when it once again crested above $5,000. Considering that it started 2019 around $3,700,.

The post Bitcoin Rise: Is the Recent Bitcoin Price Surge a Sign of Things to Come or Another Misdirection? appeared first on Profit Confidential.

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Bitcoin Rise: Is the Recent Bitcoin Price Surge a Sign of Things to Come or Another Misdirection?

Cryptocurrency News: Vitalik Buterin Doesn’t Care About Bitcoin ETFs

Cryptocurrency News
While headline numbers look devastating this week, investors might take some solace in knowing that cryptocurrencies found their bottom at roughly $189.8 billion in market cap—that was the low point. Since then, investors put more than $20.0 billion back into the market.

During the rout, Ethereum broke below $300.00 and XRP fell below $0.30, marking yearly lows for both tokens. The same was true down the list of the top 100 biggest cryptos.

Altcoins took the brunt of the hit. BTC Dominance, which reveals how tightly investment is concentrated in Bitcoin, rose from 42.62% to 53.27% in just one month, showing that investors either fled altcoins at higher.

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Cryptocurrency News: Vitalik Buterin Doesn’t Care About Bitcoin ETFs

Lionel Nation – YouTube

This isn't a dress rehearsal. You are in the midst of a societal cataclysm. The likes of which you've never seen or experienced. Enjoy the ride, pilgrim.

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Lionel Nation - YouTube

The Politically Incorrect Australian

Those who value tradition and traditional values and morality often talk about western civilisation. I talk about it all the time. But what does western civilisation actually mean?

It is often assumed that western civilisation began with classical Greece and Rome. This is simply not so. There have in fact been at least three completely different western civilisations, with very little in common.

It is often not appreciated just how profoundly alien the classical civilisation was. This was a world in which religion was largely a matter of ritual. If you failed to perform the rituals correctly the gods would be angry and really bad stuff would happen. If you performed the rituals correctly there was a chance that the gods would be content and would leave you alone. That was about as much as you could expect from the gods.

The idea that religion and morality were intimately connected did not exist. The gods were amoral, selfish, violent and lustful. Its not that there was no concept of morality. Its more that morality was a civic virtue. Morality was necessary because without it society would collapse. The gods simply didnt care, as long as you offered them the correct sacrifices. Morality was not a religious duty, it was merely useful.

The idea that foreign policy had some connection with morality would have been dismissed as an absurdity. Foreign policy was about power. The Athenians, so worshipped by admirers of classical civilisation, were particularly cynical. Wars were fought for purely materialistic reasons. Alexander the Great did not invade the Persian Empire because the Persians were wicked or immoral or uncivilised. He invaded because the Persian Empire was weak and would offer easy pickings. The Roman Empire conquered anybody it was capable of conquering because it was in Romes interest. The business of Rome was imperialism.

By the time that the classical civilisation was reaching its peak philosophers were abandoning the traditional pagan religion but mostly what they offered in its place was a vague pantheism, or even outright atheism. The classical civilisation was conquered by Christianity because it had nothing satisfying to offer people.

When the classical civilisation collapsed in the West it collapsed totally. It was replaced by an entirely new civilisation. Medieval civilisation had nothing in common with classical civilisation. It offered a whole new approach to religion. Religion and morality were now intertwined. Morality became a religious duty. Ritual became relatively unimportant. It survived, but mostly as symbolism.

Kings were now expected to be concerned by things other than power. Being human they were of course still very interested in power. The medievals would have been the first to admit that they often fell short of their ideals. But ideals were still important and they were religious ideals. The king was king by the Grace of God.

Nationalism did not exist. The loyalties that mattered were loyalty to the king, and to the Church.

The Reformation utterly destroyed medieval civilisation. A new civilisation arose in its place, a civilisation that has almost nothing in common with medieval civilisation.

Religion appeared to remain important for a century and a half but it was mostly an illusion. The new civilisation was right from the start well on the way towards being a post-Christian civilisation. The idea that religion was a matter of individual conscience rapidly took hold. What a man believed was his own business. Freedom of religion became a popular idea. In practice of course freedom of religion means freedom from religion. By the 18th century Christianity had ceased to be a factor in national policy, except insofar as national policy was directed toward explicitly anti-Christian objectives (such as state control of education). Once that happened the decline of Christianity was irreversible.

Liberalism became the new religion. Liberalism and capitalism made short work of what remained of Christian morality.

Nationalism appeared. Nationalism is a liberal concept. Nationalism is essentially worship of the state. The two competing religious values were now money and freedom. Freedom of course meant the freedom to pursue money and pleasure. Society as an organic entity gave way to the state and the corporation.

It needs to be clearly understood that this is a civilisation that differs profoundly from earlier western civilisations. It is inherently materialistic and atheistic. Morality is now defined as social conformity.

Whether you think this liberal conception of western civilisation is worth saving is up to you.

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The Politically Incorrect Australian

Some People Are Exceptionally Good at Predicting the Future

Some people are adept at forecasting, predicting the likelihood of future events, and a new contest aims to suss them out.

Super-Forecasters

Some people have a knack for accurately predicting the likelihood of future events. You might even be one of these “super-forecasters” and not know it — but now there’s an easy way to find out.

BBC Future has teamed up with UK-based charity Nesta and forecasting services organization Good Judgement on the “You Predict the Future” challenge. The purpose is to study how individuals and teams predict the likelihood of certain events, ranging from the technological to the geopolitical.

All Winners

Anyone interested in testing their own forecasting skills can sign up for the challenge to answer a series of multiple-choice questions and assign a percentage to how likely each answer is to come true.

“When you’re part of the challenge, you’ll get feedback on how accurate your forecasts are,” Kathy Peach, who leads Nesta’s Centre for Collective Intelligence Design, told BBC Future. “You’ll be able to see how well you do compared to other forecasters. And there’s a leader board, which shows who the best performing forecasters are.”

Collective Intelligence

You’ll also be helping advance research on collective intelligence, which focuses on the intellectual abilities of groups of people acting as one.

Additionally, as Peach told BBC Future, “New research shows that forecasting increases open-mindedness, the ability to consider alternative scenarios, and reduces political polarisation,”  — meaning even if you don’t find out you’re a “super-forecaster,” you might just end up a better person after making your predictions.

READ MORE: Could you be a super-forecaster? [BBC Future]

More on forecasting: Forecasting the Future: Can the Hive Mind Let Us Predict the Future?

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Some People Are Exceptionally Good at Predicting the Future


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