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What happens if your mind lives for ever on the internet? – The Guardian

Imagine that a persons brain could be scanned in great detail and recreated in a computer simulation. The persons mind and memories, emotions and personality would be duplicated. In effect, a new and equally valid version of that person would now exist, in a potentially immortal, digital form. This futuristic possibility is called mind uploading. The science of the brain and of consciousness increasingly suggests that mind uploading is possible there are no laws of physics to prevent it. The technology is likely to be far in our future; it may be centuries before the details are fully worked out and yet given how much interest and effort is already directed towards that goal, mind uploading seems inevitable. Of course we cant be certain how it might affect our culture but as the technology of simulation and artificial neural networks shapes up, we can guess what that mind uploading future might be like.

Suppose one day you go into an uploading clinic to have your brain scanned. Lets be generous and pretend the technology works perfectly. Its been tested and debugged. It captures all your synapses in sufficient detail to recreate your unique mind. It gives that mind a standard-issue, virtual body thats reasonably comfortable, with your face and voice attached, in a virtual environment like a high-quality video game. Lets pretend all of this has come true.

Who is that second you?

The first you, lets call it the biological you, has paid a fortune for the procedure. And yet you walk out of the clinic just as mortal as when you walked in. Youre still a biological being, and eventually youll die. As you drive home, you think: Well, that was a waste of money.

At the same time, the simulated you wakes up in a virtual apartment and feels like the same old you. It has a continuity of experience. It remembers walking into the clinic, swiping a credit card, signing a waiver, lying on the table. It feels as though it was anaesthetised and then woke up again somewhere else. It has your memories, your personality, your thought patterns and emotional quirks. It sits up in a new bed and says: I cant believe it worked! Definitely worth the cost.

I wont call it an it any more, because that mind is a version of you. Well call it the simulated you. This sim you decides to explore. You step out of your apartment into the sunlight of a perfect day and find a virtual version of New York City. Sounds, smells, sights, people, the feel of the sidewalk underfoot, everything is present with less garbage though, and the rats are entirely sanitary and put in for local colour. You chat up strangers in a way you would never do in the real New York, where youd be worried that an impatient pedestrian might punch you in the teeth. Here, you cant be injured because your virtual body cant break. You stop at a cafe and sip a latte. It doesnt taste right. It doesnt feel like anything is going into your stomach. And nothing is, because it isnt real food and you dont have a stomach. Its all a simulation. The visual detail on the table is imperfect. Theres no grittiness to the rust. Your fingers dont have fingerprints theyre smooth, to save memory on fine detail. Breathing doesnt feel the same. If you hold your breath, you dont get dizzy, because there is no such thing as oxygen in this virtual world. You find yourself equipped with a complementary simulated smartphone, and you call the number that used to be yours the phone you had with you, just a few hours ago in your experience, when you walked into the clinic.

Culture turns over with each new generation. What happens if the older generations neverdie?

Now the biological you answers the phone.

Yo, says the sim you. Its me. I mean, its you. Whats up?

Im depressed, thats what. Im in my apartment eating ice-cream. I cant believe I spent all that money for zilch.

Zilch?! You would not believe what its like in here! Its a fantastic place. Remember Kevin, the guy who died of cancer last week? Hes here too! Hes fine, and he still has the same job. He Skypes with his old yoga studio three times a week, to teach his fitness class. But his girlfriend in the real world has left him for someone whos not dead yet. Still, lots of new people to date here.

I have to resist getting carried away by the humour of the situation. Underneath the details lies a very real philosophical conundrum that people will eventually have to confront. What is the relationship between bio you and sim you?

I prefer a geometric way of thinking about the situation. Imagine that your life is like the rising stalk of the letter Y. Youre born at the base, and as you grow up, your mind is shaped and changed along a trajectory. Then you let yourself be scanned, and from that moment on, the Y has branched. There are now two trajectories, each one equally and legitimately you. Lets say the left-hand branch is the simulated you and the right-hand branch is the biological you. The part of you that lives indefinitely is represented by both the stem of the Y and the left-hand branch. Just as your childhood self lives on in your adult self, the stem of the Y lives on in the simulated self. Once the scan is over, the two branches of the Y proceed along different life paths, accumulating different experiences. The right-hand branch will die. Everything that happens to it after the branching point fails to achieve immortality unless it chooses to scan itself again, in which case another branch appears, and the geometry becomes even more complicated.

What emerges is not a single you, but a topologically intricate version, a hyper you with two or more branches. One of those branches is always going to be mortal, and the others have an indefinite lifespan depending on how long the computer platform is maintained.

You might think that since the bio you lives in the real world, and the sim you lives in a virtual world, the two will never meet and therefore should never encounter any complications from coexisting. But these days, who needs to meet in person? We interact mainly through electronic media anyway. The sim you and the bio you represent two fully functional, interactive, capable instances of you, competing within the same larger, interconnected, social and economic universe. You could easily find yourselves meeting over video conference.

At the simplest level, mind uploading would preserve people in an indefinite afterlife. Families could have Christmas dinner with sim Grandma joining in on video conference, the tablet screen propped up at the end of the table presuming she has time for her bio family any more, given the rich possibilities in the simulated playground. Its this kind of idealised afterlife that people have in mind, when they think about the benefits of mind uploading. Its a human-made heaven.

But unlike a traditional heaven, it isnt a separate world. Its seamlessly connected to the real world. Think of how you interact with the world right now. If you live the typical western lifestyle, then the smallest part of your life involves interacting with people in the physical space around you. Your connection to the larger world is almost entirely through digital means. The news comes to you on a screen or through earbuds. Distant locations are real to you mainly because you learn about them through electronic media. Politicians, celebrities, even some friends and family may exist to you mainly through data. People work in virtual offices where they know their colleagues only through video and text.

Each of us might as well already be in a virtual world, with a steady flow of information passing in and out through CNN, Google, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and text. We live in a kind of multiverse, each of us in a different virtual bubble, the bubbles occasionally merging in real space and then separating, but always connected through the global social network. If a virtual afterlife is created, the people in it, with the same personalities and needs that they had in real life, would have no reason to isolate themselves from the rest of us. Very little needs to change for them. Socially, politically, economically, the virtual and the real worlds would connect into one larger and always expanding civilisation. The virtual world might as well be simply another city on Earth, filled with people who have migrated to it.

Weve always lived in a world where culture turns over with each generation. But what happens when the older generations never die, but remain just as active in society? Theres no reason to think that the living will have any political, economic, or intellectual advantage over the simulated.

Think of the jobs people have in our world. Many of them require physical action, and those are the jobs that will probably be replaced by automatons. Taxi driver? Publicly shared, self-driving cars are almost here. Street cleaners? Checkout operators? Construction workers? Pilots? All of these jobs are probably for the chopping block in the medium to long term. Robotics and artificial intelligence will take them over. The rest of our jobs, our contributions to the larger world, are done through the mind, and if the mind can be uploaded, it can keep doing the same job. A politician can work from cyberspace just as well as from real space. So can a teacher, or a manager, or a therapist, or a journalist, or the guy in the complaints department.

The CEO of a company, a Steve Jobs type who has shaped up a sweet set of neural connections in his brain that makes him exceptional at his work, can manage from a remote, simulated office. If he must shake hands, he can take temporary possession of a humanoid robot, a kind of shared rent-a-bot, and spend a few hours in the real world, meeting and greeting. Even calling it the real world sounds prejudicial to me. Both worlds would be equally real. Maybe the better term is the foundation world and the cloud world.

The foundation world would be full of people who are mere youngsters mainly under the age of 80 who are still accumulating valuable experience. Their unspoken responsibility would be to gain wisdom and experience before joining the ranks of the cloud world. The balance of power and culture would shift rapidly to the cloud. How could it not? Thats where the knowledge, experience and political connections will accumulate. In that scenario, the foundation world becomes a kind of larval stage for immature minds, and the cloud world is where life really begins. Mind uploading could transform our culture and civilisation more profoundly than anything in our past.

Michael SA Graziano is a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Princeton University

Rethinking Consciousness: A Scientific Theory of Subjective Experience by Michael SA Graziano is published by WW Norton & Company (21). To order a copy go to guardianbookshop.com. Free UK p&p on all online orders over 15

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What happens if your mind lives for ever on the internet? - The Guardian

How to get a free pumpkin worth 2 this Halloween – The Sun

PUMPKINS are an essential part of celebrating Halloween, and you can currently get one worth 2 for free using cashback.

The deal is offered to new and existing customers of cashback website TopCashback until October 31, or until 25,000 pumpkins have been claimed, whichever's first.

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All you need to do to get the free pumpkin is to first buy it yourself, and then show the cashback website your receipt in order to get the 2 cashback.

The pumpkins can be bought in any UK store or supermarket, and there's no minimum spend.

Better yet, if you buy a pumpkin for just 1 - currently available in all of the big four supermarkets - you'll still get the 2 cashback.

Sadly, customers can only claim cashback for one pumpkin each.

Keep in mind that it can take up to 30 days before you can withdraw the cashback to your bank account, but there's no minimum payout balance.

How to get cashback every time you shop

NOT using a cashback site or app means you are missing out every time you shop. Here are full-time bargain hunter Collette Jones' best tips.

NOT VERY N-ICE Ex-McDonald's worker explains why the ice cream machines are always 'broken'

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PRESENT AND CORRECT Martin Lewis explains how to get 170 worth of Xmas presents for 42

COSY FEELS Aldi is selling a wood burner lantern for Christmas

If you're looking to really get into the spooky spirit this year, you'll want to check out Aldis Halloween range which includes an inflatable graveyard and an undead corpse.

The discounter has also rolled out creepy "mummy" hot dogs and grim reaper spicy sausages.

While rival Lidls Halloween range includes a self-inflating witch, light-up balloons and pumpkin lights.

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How to get a free pumpkin worth 2 this Halloween - The Sun

What happens to your Pixel’s original quality photo backups, according to Google – Android Authority

The stipulations are fairly straightforward: Those with Pixel devices get original quality photo backups on Google Photos for a set period of time. However, what happens after those promotional periods end? What happens to your Google Drive storage and your original quality photos? We surfed through Googles support pages to find the answers.

This one is fairly straightforward. The original Google Pixel and Pixel XL were promised unlimited original quality backups indefinitely. It seems Google intends to continue that promise. There is no evidence of an expiration date for this promotion and the photos should never count against your Google Drive storage amounts.

You can continue to upload your photos with peace of mind. Well update this article should anything change in regards to the original Pixel and Pixel XL.

We recommend setting a calendar date to change your settings back to high quality mode to avoid filling up your Google Drive space.

However, any original quality photos uploaded after the date will take up space as normal. Much like the Pixel 2, we recommend setting a reminder for yourself to change your settings on the date so you dont fill up your Google Drive space all the way.

The promotion was fun while it lasted. The Pixel devices have some of the best smartphone cameras of any series of devices in the last few years. The ability to upload backups in original quality made them even more appealing to mobile photography buffs. However, for most people, the high quality mode works just fine. However, we do wonder why Google ceased such promotions on two smartphones with only 64GB of onboard storage with no option for expandable storage.

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What happens to your Pixel's original quality photo backups, according to Google - Android Authority

Earth observation and citizen science a match made in heaven – DW (English)

Citizen science the firstthat comes to mind for some when they hear this might be something like counting insects or birds during an organization's annual drive for contributions. But at the International Astronautical Congress (IAC) in Washington DC, young scientists presented citizen science applications in a highly complex field: Earth observation.

At the "Next Generation Plenary" on Thursday, five up and coming researchers presented their projects that involved both satellite imaging and contributions from people like you and me on the ground.

The "Harnessing Citizen Science for the Future of Earth Observation" event was one of seven plenary discussions, 33 keynote lectures and more than 1,900 presentations by researchers and corporate representatives as part of the IAC's "technical program."

The congress is hosted by the International Astronautical Federation, which was created in 1951 to "establish a dialogue between scientists around the world and to lay the foundation for international space cooperation." The International Astronautical Congress is a big part of encouraging dialog between scientists from a variety of different fields and across the world. This year's IAC in Washington DC is the 70th iteration of the event.

Read more:Entomology is going extinct could Pokemon Go save it?

Aerospace companies and national space programs present the results of their work at the IAC exhibition

Helping NASA to model landslides

"Citizen science is a great way to empower local communities to have a handle on what's going on around them," Caroline Juang, a PhD student at Columbia University, told DW.

At Thursday's plenary, Juang presented the "Landslide Reporter," a project she launched and managed for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). People anywhere in the world can report landslides that occurred near them or that they read about in news coverage.

Using the Landslide Reporter app, citizen scientists will share where exactly the event happened, what caused it, whether it was near a road, how bad the damage is, etc. This way, they add more information than remote data, like from satellite imaging, could ever supply.

A researcher like Juang validates all data sent in by citizen scientists. These data points then get added to a global landslide map that NASA has been compiling for 12 years. The goal: to one day be able to predict landslides and save lives. And it's going well.

"Over the 13 months that this program has existed, we've received more than 100 data points that we entered into our system," the 24-year-old told the audience at the IAC plenary. "This has improved NASA's modeling efforts."

Tourist snapshots and satellite images

Elsewhere in the world, citizen scientists play a vital role in tracking the glacier shrinkagethat's caused by global warming andcontributes to rising sea levels. Tourists traveling to glaciers can upload photos of the frozen giants to the app IceKing. Scientists then analyze these high-res pictures and incorporate the information in their research.

Read more:Citizen scientists and an app for Alzheimer's disease

Glaciers attract millions of tourists every year - why should their snapshots go to waste?

"Scientists have surveys to gather information about melting glaciers," COO and co-founder of IceKing, Fabiana Milza, told listeners at the panel discussion. But going and examining glaciers in person is an expensive endeavor and satellites don't show them up close and personal. That's where the tourists come in.

"Ten million people take glacier trips every year," Milza said excitedly. Those of them that download the IceKing app can choose a world region, pick the glacier they're about to see and will then receive information about it. Once they're back in a place with a good internet connection, they can upload their own photos to the app.

In addition to merging satellite imaging and tourist snapshots, IceKing also offers advice on sustainable traveling, like what type of lodging to stay near the glaciers and how to get there so citizen scientists can prepare for their next trip.

"People are becoming more aware of the effect their daily choices have, also while traveling," Milza said.

'There's space for everyone'

So citizen science does not only help with Earth observation efforts. It also works the other way around being a citizen scientist also influences those who are involved in the effort. Juang says it's a good gateway to get people interested in the fields of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM). After that, those who caught the science bug can share their enthusiasm with others.

"STEM outreach is so important," Juang said. "Good role models is what got me into science."

Read more:ESA's Sentinel-3b satellite marks the next step in the Copernicus earth observation program

Students in Thailand use the GLOBE Program's app to identify mosquito larvae

Kristin Wegner was one of the moderators of Thursday's panel. She is a project manager with the Global Learning and Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE) Program, where she heads up a project that has citizen scientists help battle the Zika virus by collecting and identifying mosquito larvae.

"There is space for everyone to contribute" in citizen science, Wegner told DW. "It's a good opportunity to share the benefits of science."

Earth observation satellites such as the European Space Agency's Proba-V collect daily images that allow for the tracking of environmental changes over time. The images above - taken in April 2014, July 2015 and January 2016 (left to right) - offer crystal-clear insight into the gradual evaporation of Lake Poopo, once Bolivia's second largest lake - due at least in part to climate change.

No matter how long volcanoes sleep, they're always in a bad mood when they wake up. The International Space Station was passing overhead when the Sarychev volcano, located in the Kuril Islands of Russia, erupted in 2009. Astronauts were able to snap a picture through a hole in the clouds. From dense ash to clouds of condensed water, virtually all natural phenomena can be examined from outer space.

Every year, wildfires devastate the landscape - and ecology - in numerous countries around the world. Too often, these are caused by humans. This was also the case in Indonesia, where farmers burned peat rainforest areas for agriculture. On the island of Borneo and Sumatra, satellites detected fire hot spots in September 2015, and the plume of grey smoke that triggered air quality alerts.

In Germany, parents warn their children that if they don't finish their meals, it's going to rain. And indeed, in 2013 it rained, so much that some of central Europe's major rivers overflowed their banks. As shown in this image from 2013, the Elbe burst its banks following unprecedented rainfall. In the photo, muddy water covers the area around Wittenberg, in the German state of Saxony-Anhalt.

A strong storm can cause irreparable damage through intense winds and storm surges from the sea. Space-based information is crucial in following development of such storms: intensity, the direction it's moving, wind speed in the eastern Pacific Ocean near Mexico, this satellite image helped determine how tropical storm Sandra reached winds of 160 kilometers per hour by November 25, 2015.

Satellites also play a key role in monitoring climate change and, inevitably, the process of melting ice. From space, scientists were able to document how several glaciers around the globe have receded - as well as the subsequent rise in sea level. This photograph, taken from the International Space Station, shows the retreat of the Upsala glacier in Argentine Patagonia from 2002 to 2013.

Dust often covers remote deserts - however, in September 2015, satellites offered this impressive view of Middle East areas enveloped by a dust storm, or haboob, affecting large populated regions. What satellites can observe from space supports air quality sensors on the ground to understand patterns on how the storms start and develop. These findings can improve forecasting methods.

These are the words NASA used to describe the lack of snow on California's Mount Shasta, a crucial source of water for the region. Images documenting drought over the past years have consistently been showing brown mountains that should be white, and bare earth where people seek water. As ice melts, drought grows.

Author: Irene Banos Ruiz

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Earth observation and citizen science a match made in heaven - DW (English)

Scrapbooks of Sound – The Stanford Daily

How I make playlists for the people I care about.(Photo: Pexels)

Ive always loved making playlists on Spotify for different moods or situations: party playlists, sleeping playlists, middle-school-reminiscent guilty pleasure playlists; playlists for sad days, happy days; for cloudy, sunny, or stormy weather the list goes on.

It wasnt until recently that I started making them with specific people in mind. It started as a matter of convenience: my friends and I were constantly sending each other links to different songs that we wanted to share, and, at some point, I figured I just needed one place to put them all. Id stick in a few tunes that I thought were catchy and similar to their tastes. But as I kept adding to each collection, the playlists began to reflect the friendships they were based on in ways that I hadnt anticipated.

When I listen to the collections I make for specific people, each song tends to conjure a memory in a certain place: the song that came on the first time we got coffee together, shrugging our shoulders to the beat before using the Shazam app to find out what it was, the theme song to a movie we both know the entire script for, or songs that simply fit the other persons personality so well that youd think they were written for them.

For me, my Spotify account has become a cute little scrapbook of melodies that echo the exciting developments of a relationship by tying music to memory. The playlists, on a very subtle level, help me explore my care for a person when I ponder the reasons why I feel certain songs or genres pertain to the relationships Im trying to paint in my curation.

Music has helped me through the most boring, the most difficult, the happiest and the worst parts of my life. I probably spend 50% of my day with my headphones on. My most poignant experiences of music, however, have always been while in the presence of another person I care about, sharing the space of the sound bobbing our heads at an intimate concert in an underground bar, sitting on the floor of a living room telling one another about our days, parading around the kitchen in our pajamas to the rhythm of a 2009 top hit at 2 a.m.

I consider these playlists as the modern, simpler versions of personalized mixtapes I even design and upload picture collages as kinds of album covers. I hope that when my friends listen to them, the playlists are able to evoke a little bit of that feeling of shared space, that they are able to carry our memories and the feelings that accompanied them around as they walk down the street, as they go for a run, as they travel abroad or sit at home, whether were together in the same room or a couple thousand miles apart.

Contact Clara Spars at cspars at stanford.edu.

We're a student-run organization committed to providing hands-on experience in journalism, digital media and business for the next generation of reporters.Your support makes a difference in helping give staff members from all backgrounds the opportunity to develop important professional skills and conduct meaningful reporting. All contributions are tax-deductible.

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Scrapbooks of Sound - The Stanford Daily

How to get 10 FREE fuel at supermarket petrol stations this week – The Sun

MOTORISTS can currently get 10 off fuel at petrol stations around the UK thanks to a cashback offer.

It's available to new members of cashback website TopCashback until next Sunday - November 3 - or until 10,000 deals have been claimed, whichever happens first.

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All you need to do to get the free diesel or petrol is to first pay for it yourself, and then show the cashback website your receipt in order to get the 10 cashback.

The deal works at any major petrol station including Asda, BP, Esso, Co-op, Gulf, Jet, Morrisons, Murco, Sainsburys, Shell, Tesco and Texaco.

You'll need to spend at least 10 to get the offer, which is only valid on one tank per customer.

It's part of TopCashback's "Snap and Save" offers, which currently also include cashback on pumpkins and Thorntons advent calendars.

Keep in mind that it can take up to seven days for the cashback to appear in your account as pending.

It can then also take up to 30 days before you can withdraw the money to your bank account, but there's no minimum payout balance.

Ways to cut down on your fuel costs

HERE are some more tips on how you can slash the cost of fuel.

NOT VERY N-ICE Ex-McDonald's worker explains why the ice cream machines are always 'broken'

DISCOUNT DISASTER Boots changes 3for2 Christmas gift offer and shoppers could lose out

LESS OF A CHORE Home Bargains is selling a heated clothes dryer for a bargain price

TIPPED OFF 20 TK Maxx tips, including best time to shop and its secret reward scheme

PRESENT AND CORRECT Martin Lewis explains how to get 170 worth of Xmas presents for 42

COSY FEELS Aldi is selling a wood burner lantern for Christmas

The deal comes just a week after Asda cut 2p per litre off petrol sparking a fresh fuel price war.

Last week, Tesco also rolled out an offer giving motorists 10p a litre off fuel.

While supermarkets and petrol stations were recently accused of "charging 4p per litre more than they should be".

Read more here:

How to get 10 FREE fuel at supermarket petrol stations this week - The Sun

The robot wears Prada: what happens when AI starts giving out fashion tips? – The Conversation AU

The tech giants Amazon, Google and Facebook have all begun to use machine learning to give you tips on what to wear. Is fashion styling the next field to be disrupted by artificial intelligence (AI), or will the human eye remain supreme?

Its too soon to know for sure, but understanding what machine learning is good at and how that overlaps with what fashion is all about can help us make some educated guesses.

One thing machine learning does very well is find patterns and common features among groups of items.

Taking advantage of this, Google Lens and Amazon Style Snap can each identify a garment from a photo or video and then tell you a bit more, like how other people have worn it or where you can buy it.

This serves the same function as a fashion magazine taking a celebrity look and breaking it down into pieces. By allowing consumers to recreate looks from movies, music videos, magazines and the runway, it democratises elements of styling.

Amazon also goes further, linking garments to a database of looks from popular fashion influencers. This offers the customer creative inspirations to build looks (and conveniently gives the influencers a cut if the customers buys the clothes).

This system has great potential, but it can only be as good as the data thats fed into it. A large and diverse database could bring out cultures and beauty standards that are not often seen in magazines or television, allowing people to find their tribe. But a narrower collection of sources will only produce more of the same.

Read more: When AI meets your shopping experience it knows what you buy and what you ought to buy

The next step in computer fashion using AI to offer styling judgements has so far been less successful.

Amazons Echo Look is a voice-controlled camera that aims to function as a style assistant, comparing two photos using a machine learning algorithm and telling you which one scores better. So far it has received lacklustre reviews.

This service seems doomed to struggle, as it neglects many basic principles of fashion design.

For example, many looks from influencers only have a front view. How can you possibly style an outfit properly without the whole picture? Most principles of styling also take into account the wearers body shape, how well fitted their clothing is, their personality, and the occasion for which the garment is being worn. Context, symbolism, nostalgia, and personal preferences also play a role.

The AI assistant has no way to address these nuances. To succeed, the machine learning engineers will need to understand fashion better and find useful and tangible tasks for AI to perform.

Facebooks experimental Fashion++ project goes further still, trying to tell you how to improve the outfit youre wearing.

The idea behind the software is to make small changes (known as minimal edits) to an outfit, such as tucking in a shirt, rolling up a sleeve, changing the length of a hem, or removing an accessory. Garments are defined as fashionable if they are popular on a database and the AI learns to edit looks to make them score more highly in this regard.

Read more: Why STEM subjects and fashion design go hand in hand

This relies on a massive oversimplification of how the craft of fashion design works. Simply mimicking elements of what is popular and putting them together is no guarantee for an aesthetically pleasing look.

There is no guarantee that the most popular look the statistical mode will be truly fashionable, or la mode.

As we start taking photos and streaming videos of what we desire, or begin uploading photos of ourselves in our underwear, we should keep in mind that our data is being stored and mined. For data-mining corporations, we and our personal information that can be used to influence our behaviour and sold on to advertisers.

Even if you are unconcerned with your personal data being shared, AI products are likely to encourage needless consumption over the actual goal of making you look attractive. Often when people seek the help of a stylist or a second opinion on their appearance, it is not even about the clothing.

Some need validation or attention, or are set in their ways what makes them look attractive. Fashion styling serves a whole range of functions: creating a look of beauty, projecting power, attracting a romantic partner, or making the wearer feel special. There is no guarantee that even a stylist and some new clothing can achieve these goals an app barely stands a chance.

Excerpt from:

The robot wears Prada: what happens when AI starts giving out fashion tips? - The Conversation AU

The robot wears Prada: Tips on what to wear from Amazon, Google and Facebook – AdNews

Mark Liu, University of Technology Sydney

The tech giants Amazon, Google and Facebook have all begun to use machine learning to give you tips on what to wear. Is fashion styling the next field to be disrupted by artificial intelligence (AI), or will the human eye remain supreme?

Its too soon to know for sure, but understanding what machine learning is good at and how that overlaps with what fashion is all about can help us make some educated guesses.

One thing machine learning does very well is find patterns and common features among groups of items.

Taking advantage of this, Google Lens and Amazon Style Snap can each identify a garment from a photo or video and then tell you a bit more, like how other people have worn it or where you can buy it.

This serves the same function as a fashion magazine taking a celebrity look and breaking it down into pieces. By allowing consumers to recreate looks from movies, music videos, magazines and the runway, it democratises elements of styling.

Amazon also goes further, linking garments to a database of looks from popular fashion influencers. This offers the customer creative inspirations to build looks (and conveniently gives the influencers a cut if the customers buys the clothes).

This system has great potential, but it can only be as good as the data thats fed into it. A large and diverse database could bring out cultures and beauty standards that are not often seen in magazines or television, allowing people to find their tribe. But a narrower collection of sources will only produce more of the same.

The stylist in the machine

The next step in computer fashion using AI to offer styling judgements has so far been less successful.

Amazons Echo Look is a voice-controlled camera that aims to function as a style assistant, comparing two photos using a machine learning algorithm and telling you which one scores better. So far it has received lacklustre reviews.

This service seems doomed to struggle, as it neglects many basic principles of fashion design.

For example, many looks from influencers only have a front view. How can you possibly style an outfit properly without the whole picture? Most principles of styling also take into account the wearers body shape, how well fitted their clothing is, their personality, and the occasion for which the garment is being worn. Context, symbolism, nostalgia, and personal preferences also play a role.

The AI assistant has no way to address these nuances. To succeed, the machine learning engineers will need to understand fashion better and find useful and tangible tasks for AI to perform.

Facebooks experimental Fashion++ project goes further still, trying to tell you how to improve the outfit youre wearing.

The idea behind the software is to make small changes (known as minimal edits) to an outfit, such as tucking in a shirt, rolling up a sleeve, changing the length of a hem, or removing an accessory. Garments are defined as fashionable if they are popular on a database and the AI learns to edit looks to make them score more highly in this regard.

This relies on a massive oversimplification of how the craft of fashion design works. Simply mimicking elements of what is popular and putting them together is no guarantee for an aesthetically pleasing look.

There is no guarantee that the most popular look the statistical mode will be truly fashionable, or la mode.

As we start taking photos and streaming videos of what we desire, or begin uploading photos of ourselves in our underwear, we should keep in mind that our data is being stored and mined. For data-mining corporations, we and our personal information that can be used to influence our behaviour and sold on to advertisers.

Even if you are unconcerned with your personal data being shared, AI products are likely to encourage needless consumption over the actual goal of making you look attractive. Often when people seek the help of a stylist or a second opinion on their appearance, it is not even about the clothing.

Some need validation or attention, or are set in their ways what makes them look attractive. Fashion styling serves a whole range of functions: creating a look of beauty, projecting power, attracting a romantic partner, or making the wearer feel special. There is no guarantee that even a stylist and some new clothing can achieve these goals an app barely stands a chance.

Mark Liu, Chancellors Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Fashion and Textiles Designer, University of Technology Sydney

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

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The robot wears Prada: Tips on what to wear from Amazon, Google and Facebook - AdNews

An 8-Year-Old Girl Says She Was Almost Kidnapped. Media and Parents Freaked Out. It Was a Hoax. – Reason

When an 8-year-old Atlanta girl told local reporters that a strange man grabbed her while she was playing on the slide at recess, aimed a gun at her, choked her, and then ran off the minute the teacher blew the whistle to call the kids back inside, one veteran newsman doubted the sensational story.

Bill Torpy, a columnist at The Atlanta Journal-Constitution,immediately texted a friend that this tale sounded totally fabricated"a figment" of the girl's imagination.

A stranger with a weapon on the playground in the middle of recess? Snatching, choking, armedand no one else noticed? Even Liam Neeson might pass on that script.

But the school was so shaken, it went into lockdown mode. (I do wonder if administrators are allowed to keep calm and carry on, or if there is zero tolerance for skepticism along with everything else.) For its part, local TV couldn't wait to run with the story, and even stick the the girl's mom in front of a camera. She was horrified that the school was so unsafe, and that the recess area was not completely surrounded by fences. (In the mom's defense I'd be a wreck, too. I'd just wish someone had pulled me aside to say that there was an overwhelmingly strong chance this incident never happened.)

Two days later, the cops declared the whole thing "unfounded." They'd interviewed witnesses and reviewed the playground surveillance cameras.

No guy. No gun. No attempted anything.

Torpy is glad, of course, that nothing happened. But he was pretty annoyed by the media's gullibility, or at the very least their inability to wait a beat or two before terrifying viewers.

Torpy called me to recite the stats for him. Stranger danger is blessedly uncommon: The vast majority of crimes against kids are committed by people they know. This is the safest time to be a kid in America, ever. Statistically, a child would have to be left outside, unattended, for something approaching 100,000 years before a kidnapping would become likely.

In his book, How Fear Works, Frank Furedi writes that all cultures have storylines that become so popular, they just keep getting repeated because they are a sure thing. Stick to what sells. For instance, if you buy a romance novel and at the end the mousy secretary is scarfing a pint of Chunky Monkey at home while her billionaire boss elopes with the vice president of compliance, you'd throw that book across the room.

The news media is no different. They know what sells: Unfenced schoolyards, the hidden menace.

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An 8-Year-Old Girl Says She Was Almost Kidnapped. Media and Parents Freaked Out. It Was a Hoax. - Reason

Chris Ramsey has a horror of a gift in mind for his wife as he prepares for a Halloween-theme Strictly – Tech Ballad

Chris Ramsey has been working at full capacity to prepare for this Saturday's Halloween themed showdown on the Strictly dance floor, but that doesn't mean he can't play a joke or two to ease the tension.

A few hours from the next stop on Strictly Come Dancing, he took to Twitter to joke about a harrowing idea for his wife's Christmas present.

The South Shields comedian shared a story by touring the social media with a man who saved his nail clippings for a year and incorporated them into the stone of an engagement ring for his girlfriend.

And to his wife Rosie he wrote: "Fantastic. Now you have to get yourself something else for Christmas."

Vlogger Rosie, whose podcast by Sh *** and Married Annoyed with her husband is a great success, replied with "NAH NAH NAH NAH NAH!" and nauseated emoji.

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With the horror theme on the rise for Saturday's show, which will see him dance a spooky samba with partner Karen Hauer, Ramsey clearly felt more chills than creeps.

In the run-up to the big night, he could not contain his joy at the level of support he was receiving from his fellow Geordies.

The Chronicle reported Friday as Ramsey, who was able to train on the home field for his weekly Strictly Come Dancing appearances, found a lot of goodwill shown to him on the street and online.

On Saturday Ramsey also shared the story of The Chronicle with its nearly 500,000 followers on Twitter and added: "Support from the North East was unreal! Thank you very much!"

That support included Ramsey's name featured in an outdoor screening of The Customs House in his hometown of South Shields, alongside that of Jade Thirlwall of Little Mix that will also be in action tonight, performing their third and final date of their run at Newcastle Utilita Arena.

More information

Strictly Come Dancing viewers can watch Ramsey and Hauer dance their samba to Tutti from the Backstreet Boys and catch up with the rest of the couples on BBC1 at 6.35pm.

. (tagsToTranslate) Strictly Come Dancing (t) BBC (t) Twitter (t) Chris Ramsey (t) Halloween (t) South Shields

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Chris Ramsey has a horror of a gift in mind for his wife as he prepares for a Halloween-theme Strictly - Tech Ballad

10 Tips to Get Most Out of Safari in iOS 13 and iPadOS 13 – Beebom

Putting the eye-catching features aside, Safari is arguably the most improved stock app in iOS 13. Part of the reason why Apple has upgraded the web browser was that the demand for a full-fledged web browser for iPad had been growing at a rapid pace. Just when Apples Like a computer. Unlike any computer campaign seemed to be a mere marketing gimmick, the introduction of iPadOS packed with a slew of new features including the powerful Safari has tilted the tide in favor of iPad. While this move has hugely benefitted iPads, iPhones have also got a fair share of rewards. So, if you have upgraded your device but are yet to explore the web browser, this well-timed roster of the best tips to get the most out of Safari in iOS 13 and iPadOS 13 can take you through.

Even if you have taken a close look at Safari, chances are you might have missed quite a few new additions. Its because the revamped web browser has got many new features under the hood. Whereas the headlining additions have got the most attention, the ones that are slightly under the wraps havent yet got any substantial coverage. And, I bet you will find them equally appreciable. With that said, lets get started!

Probably, the most talked-about feature that has graced Safari is a full-fledged download manager. So, its worth putting this all-new feature right at the top of this roster. Talking about functionality, it has made much easier to manage Safari downloads on iPhone and iPad. Depending on your needs, you can store all of your downloaded items in the iCloud Drive to find them across your synced devices or keep them locally on your device. Dont want the downloaded files to clutter your entire device? Well, the download manager also offers an option to automatically remove items to prevent the storage of your device from being cluttered for space.

To get started, head over to Settings app > Safari > Downloads. Now, customize everything in line with your needs. To find more about it, check out our complete guide.

Another feature that has enhanced web browsing in Safari is the ability to request a desktop website with ease. Though Apples web browser already had the option to switch to the desktop version of a site, switching back to the mobile version was a huge pain in the back due to the lack of a straightforward method. But those days are gone for the better. With iOS 13, you can quickly switch between the desktop and mobile versions of a website on your iPhone. To request the desktop version of a website in Safari on your iPhone, simply tap on the text button at the top left of the screen in the search bar and choose Request Desktop Website.

Later, if you want to go back to the mobile version of the site, tap on the text button and select Request Mobile Website. Do keep in mind, Safari for iPadOS automatically loads the desktop version of a website. Considering how Apple is pitching the iPad as a laptop killer more apparently than ever before, it makes sense to provide a full-on web browsing experience rather than force users to be content with a less capable mobile web browser.

While browsing the web, I make it a point to save all of my favorite stories to catch them later with peace. So, its my favorite feature and Im sure a lot of users are going to love it as well. In the Share Sheet, there is a new option to share an entire web page as a web archive or PDF. To do so, simply tap on the Share button and then select Options. Then, you have four options: Automatic, PDF, Reader PDF, and Web Archive. Select your most preferred option and then hit Done at the top right to finish.

While Safari already had the option to close all tabs at once manually, the option to automatically close tabs had been missing from the scene for long. Thankfully, Apple has finally added it to make it a bit easier to deal with open tabs. So, if you find the process of killing Safari tabs manually a tedious task, you should take advantage of this well-thought-out feature. To do so, all you need to do is hop into Settings app > Safari > Close Tabs. Now, you have multiple options to choose from. For instance, you can wipe out all the open Safari tabs after one day, after one week or after one month. Select the desired option and then quit the Settings.

This one, kind of, kills two birds with one stone! Well, if you didnt get a good hang of the idiom, let me tell you that Safari now lets you choose what size of a photo to upload. It can not only speed up the uploading process, especially when you are dealing with high-resolution images, but also save plenty of mobile data on your iPhone and iPad. So, save this hack to prevent your limited bandwidth from ending well before the deadline.

1. Simply choose the option to upload an image on a website in Safari and then select Photo Library.

2. Now, select the images you want to upload. After that, you should see the actual size of your images. And below the actual size, there will be an option to choose image size. Tap on it and then choose the preferred image size. You have multiple options like Large, Medium, Small, or Actual Size.

3. Next, return to your photo library and tap on Done in the top-right corner of the screen to start uploading the image.

Every time you want to access your favorite sites, you dont need to enter the URL in the search bar. Simply tap on the favicon icon of your favorite site and you are ready to go. Whats more, you can also customize your most loved sites for a more personalized experience. To get it done, just touch and hold the favicon icon of a site on the start page in Safari and choose Edit in the contextual menu. Next, you can change the sites name, edit the URL, and even change the location of the bookmark. In the end, be sure to tap on Save to finish.

Bear in mind, if you move a site out of the starred favorites folder, it will turn into a regular bookmark and therefore, it wont show up on the start page. One more thing worth noting is that whatever changes you make to your favorite sites, they will apply across the synced devices if you have turned on Safari in iCloud settings.

Wouldnt it be better if you could customize your favorite websites so that every time you visit them, they would look in line with your taste? Well, with iOS 13 and iPadOS 13, you can fine-tune website settings. Whether you are an avid reader or someone who likes exploring the web, you would find it very handy. To customize website settings in Safari, simply tap on the tiny text button at the top left the search bar and then choose Website Settings in the menu. After that, fine-tune all the options depending on your needs. For instance, you can use reader mode automatically on the site, allow it to access the camera and microphone of your device. Once you have customized everything, tap on Done to confirm the changes.

To ensure you can quickly access sites that you visit more often, Safari puts them under a separate section called Frequently Visited. While it sounds pretty good in terms of convenience, but it might not be great from privacy perspectives. What if you frequently visit a dating site like Tinder to keep a track of the latest matches or interact with the ones who seem nice to you, wouldnt you want to keep the bookmark out of sight? In most cases, you will. And thats when this tiny hack will save your day (or from huge embarrassment). Simply touch and hold the favicon of the site and choose Delete in the contextual menu.

Well, this one might sound too little a feature to find a mention in this notable roundup. But let me tell you that it can play a good role in speeding up your web browsing experience on your iPhone or iPad. When you type the address of a website in the smart search, the web browser automatically directs you to the related open tab; instead of opening a new tab. Thus, you dont need to open unnecessary tabs in the web browser.

As someone who likes to build a collection of website bookmarks, this little nifty feature hasnt failed to catch my eyes. You can use this hack to save all of your open tabs as bookmarks with ease. To get it done, simply long-press on the bookmark icon in the Safari app and then select Add Bookmarks for X tabs. On the next page, choose the location where you want to save the bookmarks. And then, hit the Save button to finish. Thats quite simple, isnt it?

If you want to enhance your productivity, never miss out on the keyboard shortcuts as they can save plenty of time. And if you like to use shortcuts to get your work done faster, you would be glad to know thatApple has introduced around 30 iPadOS Safari keyboard shortcuts that are quite handy. Moreover, the work with not only Apples Smart Keyboard but also any third-party Bluetooth keyboards.

SEE ALSO: How to Disable Link Preview in iOS 13 Safari on iPhone and iPad

I hope now you have got a good hang of all the notable features that Safari brings with its latest update. I love the new Safari features and they have improved my browsing experience a lot. By the way, have I missed out on any cool features? If yes, do not forget to let me know them in the comments below. Also, share your thoughts about the features covered in this post and the ones you have found highly appreciable.

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10 Tips to Get Most Out of Safari in iOS 13 and iPadOS 13 - Beebom

Updating Aadhaar card address with rent agreement? 3 things to keep in mind – Livemint

NEW DELHI :Since Aadhaar card can be used as an identity proof document, it is important to keep your latest address updated in the records of the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI). The Aadhaar-issuing body allows you to update your residential address by giving a valid proof of residence both online and offline.

On the Aadhaar Self Service Update Portal, you can easily update your address online by giving any one of the documents that is treated as a valid form of address proof by the UIDAI. One such valid address proof is your rent agreement.

There are three things that you need to keep in mind when you approach the UIDAI, whether online or offline, to make any change in your Aadhaar card address.

1) The rent agreement should be a registered one. The UIDAI rejects all rent agreements that are non-registered.

2) Make sure that the rent agreement is in your name and not in the name of your spouse, parents or children.

3) If you are going to visit the UIDAI's self service portal to make the change, you need to scan all pages of the rent agreement and create a single pdf file before uploading it. If you upload multiple scanned jpeg or jpg images of the rent agreement, the UIDAI may reject it.

If you are planning to change your Aadhaar card address by visiting a permanent enrollment centre or Aadhaar Seva Kendras then keep in mind that you need to bring the original copy of your rent agreement. You also do not need to bring photocopies as the official will scan the original document and return it back to you on the spot.

Rent agreement is one amongst a vast list of 44 address proof documents that the UIDAI accepts. Others include passport, bank passbook or statement, voter id card, driving license, telephone, water, electric bills, etc.

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Updating Aadhaar card address with rent agreement? 3 things to keep in mind - Livemint

What happens if your mind lives for ever on the internet? – The Guardian

Imagine that a persons brain could be scanned in great detail and recreated in a computer simulation. The persons mind and memories, emotions and personality would be duplicated. In effect, a new and equally valid version of that person would now exist, in a potentially immortal, digital form. This futuristic possibility is called mind uploading. The science of the brain and of consciousness increasingly suggests that mind uploading is possible there are no laws of physics to prevent it. The technology is likely to be far in our future; it may be centuries before the details are fully worked out and yet given how much interest and effort is already directed towards that goal, mind uploading seems inevitable. Of course we cant be certain how it might affect our culture but as the technology of simulation and artificial neural networks shapes up, we can guess what that mind uploading future might be like.

Suppose one day you go into an uploading clinic to have your brain scanned. Lets be generous and pretend the technology works perfectly. Its been tested and debugged. It captures all your synapses in sufficient detail to recreate your unique mind. It gives that mind a standard-issue, virtual body thats reasonably comfortable, with your face and voice attached, in a virtual environment like a high-quality video game. Lets pretend all of this has come true.

Who is that second you?

The first you, lets call it the biological you, has paid a fortune for the procedure. And yet you walk out of the clinic just as mortal as when you walked in. Youre still a biological being, and eventually youll die. As you drive home, you think: Well, that was a waste of money.

At the same time, the simulated you wakes up in a virtual apartment and feels like the same old you. It has a continuity of experience. It remembers walking into the clinic, swiping a credit card, signing a waiver, lying on the table. It feels as though it was anaesthetised and then woke up again somewhere else. It has your memories, your personality, your thought patterns and emotional quirks. It sits up in a new bed and says: I cant believe it worked! Definitely worth the cost.

I wont call it an it any more, because that mind is a version of you. Well call it the simulated you. This sim you decides to explore. You step out of your apartment into the sunlight of a perfect day and find a virtual version of New York City. Sounds, smells, sights, people, the feel of the sidewalk underfoot, everything is present with less garbage though, and the rats are entirely sanitary and put in for local colour. You chat up strangers in a way you would never do in the real New York, where youd be worried that an impatient pedestrian might punch you in the teeth. Here, you cant be injured because your virtual body cant break. You stop at a cafe and sip a latte. It doesnt taste right. It doesnt feel like anything is going into your stomach. And nothing is, because it isnt real food and you dont have a stomach. Its all a simulation. The visual detail on the table is imperfect. Theres no grittiness to the rust. Your fingers dont have fingerprints theyre smooth, to save memory on fine detail. Breathing doesnt feel the same. If you hold your breath, you dont get dizzy, because there is no such thing as oxygen in this virtual world. You find yourself equipped with a complementary simulated smartphone, and you call the number that used to be yours the phone you had with you, just a few hours ago in your experience, when you walked into the clinic.

Culture turns over with each new generation. What happens if the older generations neverdie?

Now the biological you answers the phone.

Yo, says the sim you. Its me. I mean, its you. Whats up?

Im depressed, thats what. Im in my apartment eating ice-cream. I cant believe I spent all that money for zilch.

Zilch?! You would not believe what its like in here! Its a fantastic place. Remember Kevin, the guy who died of cancer last week? Hes here too! Hes fine, and he still has the same job. He Skypes with his old yoga studio three times a week, to teach his fitness class. But his girlfriend in the real world has left him for someone whos not dead yet. Still, lots of new people to date here.

I have to resist getting carried away by the humour of the situation. Underneath the details lies a very real philosophical conundrum that people will eventually have to confront. What is the relationship between bio you and sim you?

I prefer a geometric way of thinking about the situation. Imagine that your life is like the rising stalk of the letter Y. Youre born at the base, and as you grow up, your mind is shaped and changed along a trajectory. Then you let yourself be scanned, and from that moment on, the Y has branched. There are now two trajectories, each one equally and legitimately you. Lets say the left-hand branch is the simulated you and the right-hand branch is the biological you. The part of you that lives indefinitely is represented by both the stem of the Y and the left-hand branch. Just as your childhood self lives on in your adult self, the stem of the Y lives on in the simulated self. Once the scan is over, the two branches of the Y proceed along different life paths, accumulating different experiences. The right-hand branch will die. Everything that happens to it after the branching point fails to achieve immortality unless it chooses to scan itself again, in which case another branch appears, and the geometry becomes even more complicated.

What emerges is not a single you, but a topologically intricate version, a hyper you with two or more branches. One of those branches is always going to be mortal, and the others have an indefinite lifespan depending on how long the computer platform is maintained.

You might think that since the bio you lives in the real world, and the sim you lives in a virtual world, the two will never meet and therefore should never encounter any complications from coexisting. But these days, who needs to meet in person? We interact mainly through electronic media anyway. The sim you and the bio you represent two fully functional, interactive, capable instances of you, competing within the same larger, interconnected, social and economic universe. You could easily find yourselves meeting over video conference.

At the simplest level, mind uploading would preserve people in an indefinite afterlife. Families could have Christmas dinner with sim Grandma joining in on video conference, the tablet screen propped up at the end of the table presuming she has time for her bio family any more, given the rich possibilities in the simulated playground. Its this kind of idealised afterlife that people have in mind, when they think about the benefits of mind uploading. Its a human-made heaven.

But unlike a traditional heaven, it isnt a separate world. Its seamlessly connected to the real world. Think of how you interact with the world right now. If you live the typical western lifestyle, then the smallest part of your life involves interacting with people in the physical space around you. Your connection to the larger world is almost entirely through digital means. The news comes to you on a screen or through earbuds. Distant locations are real to you mainly because you learn about them through electronic media. Politicians, celebrities, even some friends and family may exist to you mainly through data. People work in virtual offices where they know their colleagues only through video and text.

Each of us might as well already be in a virtual world, with a steady flow of information passing in and out through CNN, Google, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and text. We live in a kind of multiverse, each of us in a different virtual bubble, the bubbles occasionally merging in real space and then separating, but always connected through the global social network. If a virtual afterlife is created, the people in it, with the same personalities and needs that they had in real life, would have no reason to isolate themselves from the rest of us. Very little needs to change for them. Socially, politically, economically, the virtual and the real worlds would connect into one larger and always expanding civilisation. The virtual world might as well be simply another city on Earth, filled with people who have migrated to it.

Weve always lived in a world where culture turns over with each generation. But what happens when the older generations never die, but remain just as active in society? Theres no reason to think that the living will have any political, economic, or intellectual advantage over the simulated.

Think of the jobs people have in our world. Many of them require physical action, and those are the jobs that will probably be replaced by automatons. Taxi driver? Publicly shared, self-driving cars are almost here. Street cleaners? Checkout operators? Construction workers? Pilots? All of these jobs are probably for the chopping block in the medium to long term. Robotics and artificial intelligence will take them over. The rest of our jobs, our contributions to the larger world, are done through the mind, and if the mind can be uploaded, it can keep doing the same job. A politician can work from cyberspace just as well as from real space. So can a teacher, or a manager, or a therapist, or a journalist, or the guy in the complaints department.

The CEO of a company, a Steve Jobs type who has shaped up a sweet set of neural connections in his brain that makes him exceptional at his work, can manage from a remote, simulated office. If he must shake hands, he can take temporary possession of a humanoid robot, a kind of shared rent-a-bot, and spend a few hours in the real world, meeting and greeting. Even calling it the real world sounds prejudicial to me. Both worlds would be equally real. Maybe the better term is the foundation world and the cloud world.

The foundation world would be full of people who are mere youngsters mainly under the age of 80 who are still accumulating valuable experience. Their unspoken responsibility would be to gain wisdom and experience before joining the ranks of the cloud world. The balance of power and culture would shift rapidly to the cloud. How could it not? Thats where the knowledge, experience and political connections will accumulate. In that scenario, the foundation world becomes a kind of larval stage for immature minds, and the cloud world is where life really begins. Mind uploading could transform our culture and civilisation more profoundly than anything in our past.

Michael SA Graziano is a professor of psychology and neuroscience at Princeton University

Rethinking Consciousness: A Scientific Theory of Subjective Experience by Michael SA Graziano is published by WW Norton & Company (21). To order a copy go to guardianbookshop.com. Free UK p&p on all online orders over 15

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What happens if your mind lives for ever on the internet? - The Guardian

BuzzFeed, Vice and Pink News first publishers to add ‘share to Snapchat’ button to sites – The Drum

Snapchat is now giving publishers the option to add a share to Snapchat button to their desktop and mobile websites in a bid to better integrate with media owners.

In the US, BuzzFeed and Vice are among the first to test the feature. Pink News will trial the button for UK audiences.

The new option removes some friction for Snapchats 210 million daily users, who previously had to take a screenshot of a web page and upload from a camera roll to share articles or videos from publishers sites.

Via a product dubbed Creative Kit for Web, Snap will open the tool up to developers to give them free distribution inside Snaps walls, in turn handing them the ability to drive traffic back to their own platforms.

If a reader shares a desktop page, a new window will open with a scannable code (or a Snapcode in Snap speak) along with the articles headline and the site name. Snap users can then use the app to process the code and the link will attach a sharable URL to Snapchat.

If a mobile reader taps on a publishers share to Snapchat option then the page will be deeplinked into the app, along with its headline and picture users can then add their own URLs, stickers or GIFs to the image. If the publisher is one of Snaps Discover partners, then users will also be given the option to subscribe to its account with one tap.

Those who click on the button without having the app will be prompted to download it via the Google Play or App store.

Benjamin Cohen, chief executive of PinkNews said: "With tens of millions of our readers and viewers on Snapchat, we've been keen to connect the dots between our website and our Snapchat activities and so we're really excited that for the first time our web users will be able to share stories with their friends on Snapchat."

Snap claims the new feature has been built with privacy in mind, saying that it won't share identifiable information, such as demographic information (age, gender, location) or friends lists, with developers or publishers.

As well as bringing the app into line with other platforms like Twitter, Facebook and Instagram, the update from Snap could make the platform more appealing to publishers; a group it's been trying to prove its value to since its launch seven years ago.

During its earnings report last week, the business highlighted how its Discover hub which hosts ad-supported channels and shows from publishing and entertainment partners including BuzzFeed, The Sun and MTV in the UK now counted over 100 channels, drawing audiences of more than 10 million each month.

Behind the scenes Snap has been busy bulking up its ad arsenal, launching a dynamic ads product targeting retailers and direct-to-consumer brands earlier this week.

The company posted healthy third-quarter earnings on Monday (22 October) of $446m in revenue during the period, beating Wall Street estimates by $11m.

The 50% increase in revenue from the previous years mark was accompanied by a 13% year-over-year increase of daily active users to 210m.

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BuzzFeed, Vice and Pink News first publishers to add 'share to Snapchat' button to sites - The Drum

How to get 10 FREE fuel at supermarket petrol stations this week – The Sun

MOTORISTS can currently get 10 off fuel at petrol stations around the UK thanks to a cashback offer.

It's available to new members of cashback website TopCashback until next Sunday - November 3 - or until 10,000 deals have been claimed, whichever happens first.

1

All you need to do to get the free diesel or petrol is to first pay for it yourself, and then show the cashback website your receipt in order to get the 10 cashback.

The deal works at any major petrol station including Asda, BP, Esso, Co-op, Gulf, Jet, Morrisons, Murco, Sainsburys, Shell, Tesco and Texaco.

You'll need to spend at least 10 to get the offer, which is only valid on one tank per customer.

It's part of TopCashback's "Snap and Save" offers, which currently also include cashback on pumpkins and Thorntons advent calendars.

Keep in mind that it can take up to seven days for the cashback to appear in your account as pending.

It can then also take up to 30 days before you can withdraw the money to your bank account, but there's no minimum payout balance.

Ways to cut down on your fuel costs

HERE are some more tips on how you can slash the cost of fuel.

SUPER SCRIMPER I saved 16k for first home by batch cookingmeals and quitting the gym

EXTRA Help Martin Lewis urges parents to claim 2K a year free childcare for kids under 11

ON A ROLL I got Greggs food worth 37 for 12 from outlet store - how to find your local

LOVELY BUBBLY Aldi's massive sell-out SIX litre bottle of Prosecco is back next week

EXTRA BENEFIT How to apply for 25,000 loan to start a business if on benefits

The deal comes just a week after Asda cut 2p per litre off petrol sparking a fresh fuel price war.

Last week, Tesco also rolled out an offer giving motorists 10p a litre off fuel.

While supermarkets and petrol stations were recently accused of "charging 4p per litre more than they should be".

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How to get 10 FREE fuel at supermarket petrol stations this week - The Sun

Only the lonely – MaltaToday

A recent study, The Prevalence of Loneliness in Malta, by the University of Maltas Faculty for Social Well-being and the National Statistics Office has concluded that people are more likely to be lonely if they live alone, are widowed, separated or divorced, are disabled, or rate their general physical health as bad. Other factors which contribute to loneliness include financial insecurity, age and lack of education.

These conclusions might seem obvious at first glance, and yet in a society which seems to care less and less about the plight of others, sometimes pointing out the obvious is necessary. It stands to reason that lack of real human communication in the forms of a significant other, family and friends, can seriously deteriorate ones state of mind and bring about excruciating loneliness.

Not having the financial means to go out and socialise, and not having enough skills to know where to look to reach out to others, can psychologically cripple a person even further until they become more and more reclusive. 43.5% of the 1,000 people who were interviewed said they suffered from varying degrees of loneliness, ranging from moderate to very severe loneliness. That is quite a sobering thought and the paradox should not be lost on us that this is happening at a time when we are always connected and seem to know more about each others lives than ever (or at least the life which we choose to portray virtually).

It seemed rather timely that I read about this study on the same day that we went to watch the play Meta rejna Wara x-Xemx, which tackles the difficult topic of loneliness and despair in a very unique way. Five friends, now in their mid-30s, who are bound by a shared carefree childhood and adolescence in Gadira and a love of the Power Rangers, are torn apart by tragedy and sorrow. 12 years later, four of them reunite at their favourite haunt, the boathouse, where they had spent so many happy hours, and where they try to make sense of what happened to each of them, as the cold reality of adulthood replaced the often reckless antics of their youth. They especially want, and desperately need, to make sense of why one of them has committed suicide.

The original script by Clive Piscopo (who is also one of the main actors) is reason enough to watch this play because of its perfect, colloquial use of the Maltese language. Directed by Lee-N. Abela, it is easy and flowing, peppered with (often hilarious) obscenities because lets face it, that is the way many people actually talk when they let their guard down and are among close friends. Except for a couple of scenes which could have used some editing, Piscopo hardly misses a beat in capturing the rhythm and flow of spoken Maltese.

He also has a knack for not letting the tone of the play become too heavy and melodramatic through the device of using one of the characters, DJ Lovely (brilliantly played by Christine Francalanza) who always manages to come up with a funny raunchy quip even in moments of great pathos. Piscopo plays Kevin, who is DJ Lovelys counterpart as they indulge in constant no-holds-barred banter, picking mercilessly on each other in the way that siblings, or only very close friends, can really do.

The constant jokes of these two characters, however, are just a camouflage for the own past troubles, an important observation made by the author who hones in on how those who seem to always be the life of the party are often hiding a lot of pain.

Similarly, Roberta (Sarah Camilleri), Daniel (Christian Grech) and Tommy (Luke Magro) all have their own secrets and anguish, and it is only after they are forced to be real with each other that they can finally admit what each of them has been through in the last 12 years.

I found the social commentary of this play to hold an extremely important message which is a reflection of our times, especially in contrast to what seemed like the friends idyllic childhood set against the backdrop of the popular Japanese cartoon characters they all loved. The poignant flashbacks and reminiscing are something we can all relate to, for no matter how old we may be, life always seemed better, much simpler and happier when we were young. Speak to each generation and they will adamantly tell you that the decade they grew up in was absolutely the best. Thats not surprising, because that decade represents their youth. Who does not yearn with nostalgia for the days when we had no responsibilities and when it seemed nothing bad could really happen?

In this abandoned boathouse in Gadira, which holds so many memories, will these four friends ever manage to reconnect with the same raw honesty they shared as children and teenagers? Or will they each go their separate ways again, still wrapped up in themselves and their own problems?

This drama touches on the very essential ingredient of what true friendship really means - is it just for the laughs, for the pranks, for when we go out and get drunk and do crazy things together while on holiday? Or should real friendship be much more profound than that and help us to get through our darkest, most bleak hours - a question which the four friends relentlessly torture themselves with at their reunion. Why did Tommy not reach out to them?

It is the question everyone asks after a suicide; the one which nags at family and friends who thought they knew this person but realise they didnt - not really anyway. This play makes us all question our own relationships and how meaningful they really are. Do we ever pick up the phone when someone hasnt been in touch in a while, or do we dig our heels in and wait for them to make the first move? Can we recognise a silent cry for help or are we put off by someones sullen, withdrawn silence?

In a world where everyone seems happy (just look at their Facebook!). It is the tragedy of this day and age that people prefer to put on a fake smile and delete 20 selfies until they take and upload the perfect one so that the world can think they are living the life. It is very sad to realise that the phenomena of Facebook and Instagram have turned us into such self-indulgent narcissists that too many people wake up in the morning with the primary goal of making others envious of their lifestyle. It is even more tragic that the rates of depression and anxiety have never been higher.

Meta rejna Wara x-Xemx is on at Spazzju Kreativ from today until Sunday

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Only the lonely - MaltaToday

How to back up your Android phone and keep all of your important information safe – CNET

Keep a current back up of your Android phone.

Keeping a current backup of your Android phone and all of the data it holds is an important task that's part of owning a phone. Let's be honest, phones break, get misplaced or -- even worse -- get stolen. And when that happens, the financial burden of replacing a phone is stressful enough; don't add to the stress by not having a back up of your calendar or photos.

Here's the thing about backing up an Android phone: It can be confusing. The backup process and even the service used is slightly different if you own a Pixel 4 or a Galaxy S10.

It's a good idea to sit down with your phone in hand and take a few minutes to make sure it's being regularly backed up.

Now playing: Watch this: Pixel 4 and 4 XL have awesome cameras but high prices

5:51

Built in to Android is a backup service, similar to Apple's iCloud, that automatically backs up things like your device settings, Wi-Fi networks and app data to Google Drive. The service is free and doesn't count against storage in your Google Drive account.

Google's backup service is built in to every Android phone, but some device makers like Samsung provide their own solutions as well. If you own a Galaxy phone, you can use one or both services -- it doesn't hurt to have a backup of a backup.

Google's backup service is free and should be turned on automatically.

Google's backup service should be turned on by default after you set up your Android device, but you should double-check that's indeed the case. If you have trouble finding the backup settings by following the steps outlined below, use the search bar in the Settings app to find "backup."

To view your backup settings, open theSettingsapp on your Android device and tap onSystem>Backup. There should be a switch labeled "Back up to Google Drive." If it's turned off, turn it on. You can select which Google account you want to use to store your backups by tapping on theAccountsoption if you are signed into more than one Google account on your phone.

With backup turned on, your phone will automatically back upthe following information:

You'll see a list of data categories under theActive Backupssection, along with the last time that information was backed up. Tap a section, such as App Data, to view more information or fine-tune which apps are backed up. For example, if you tap Photos & Videos, the backup settings page for Google Photos app is automatically opened.

If you're switching from one Pixel phone to another, your home screen layout is backed up and restored. However, I've had mixed luck when restoring a back up from a Pixel to, say, a Motorola phone. Your mileage will undoubtedly vary.

At any time, you can visit this section and tapBack Up Nowto manually start a backup. Make sure your phone is connected to a strong Wi-Fi network, and plug it into a charger to speed up the process. If you're upgrading phones, you should manually start a backup before setting up your new phone.

Google Photos provides free unlimited photo and video backup, as long as you're all right with Google changing them to "high-quality." That just means that Google caps the photo size to 16 megapixels and videos at 1080p.

You can opt to have Google Photos back up your photos and videos in their original quality, but anything backed up will count against your Google Drive storage limit.

Make sure you have Google Photos installed on your Android phone, turn on backup, and pick the quality you'd like to use.

The app will automatically back up your photos and videos whenever you're connected to Wi-Fi.

Samsung Cloud gives you 15GB of free backup storage.

Samsung offers its own backup and restore service through Samsung Cloud, and in my experience, it's been slightly more reliable than Google's backup service.

Check to make sure Samsung's backup service is turned on by opening the Settings app and selectingAccounts and backup>Backup and restore. There you'll find backup settings for your Samsung account, as well as Google account.

Use both services. Using both not only creates two backups of your phone but also gives you the flexibility to switch to a non-Samsung phone a year from now, if you decide to, because you can use Google's backup service to restore your phone.

Samsung provides multiple options for device backup.

Under the Samsung account section, tapBack up dataand make sure all of the data categories you want to be backed up to Samsung are checked. You can manually start a backup by selecting theBack upbutton at the bottom of the screen.

Backups to Samsung Cloud will use the 15GB of free storage space your Samsung Account has, with options to upgrade to 50GB for $0.99 or 200GB for $2.99 per month.

My favorite aspect of Samsung's backup service is that you can restore a single piece of data -- home screen layout, for example -- at any time. For instance, if you decide to rearrange your home screen and move a bunch of apps around, but later change your mind, you can go into Samsung's back up settings and restore your home screen from the last backup with just a couple of taps.

Under the Google Account section, make sureBack up my datais turned on. Selecting Google Account will open the same Google backup settings screen outlined in the section above, where you can view the current status of backups, as well as begin a manual backup.

In 2019, there's no reason anyone should lose their contacts list if they break their phone.

When it comes to backing up files you've downloaded or stored on your phone's storage, you have a couple of options. You can either connect your phone to your computer and move the files over manually, or you can use cloud storage services like Google Drive or Dropbox.

Set up either app on your Android device, then select the files or folders you want to upload and let the app do its thing.

Going forward, if you get in the habit of saving any files in the cloud, you'll always have a copy backed up, and you shouldn't have to worry about routinely manually uploading any updates to either service.

If you do lose your Android phone, we have a guide to help you track it down and get it back as soon as possible. We also have a handful of tips and tricks for mastering Android 10, the latest and greatest version of Android.

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How to back up your Android phone and keep all of your important information safe - CNET

NASA’s Orion Crew Capsule Aced Its Abort System Test

NASA tested its Orion spacecraft's Launch Abort System (LAS) on Tuesday — and it seems the astronaut escape plan worked exactly as hoped.

Orion Exit Strategy

Before NASA can attempt to send astronauts back to the Moon, it needs to know they have a way to GTFO of harm’s way if something goes wrong during the trip.

To that end, the space agency tested its Orion spacecraft’s Launch Abort System (LAS) on Tuesday — and it seems NASA’s astronaut escape plan works exactly as hoped.

Mission Aborted

To start the three-minute-long Ascent Abort-2 test, NASA launched an Orion crew module on a modified Peacekeeper missile built by Northrop Grumman.

Once the pair reached an altitude of about 9.6 kilometers (6 miles), the abort sequence triggered. This sent the crew module blasting away from the rocket and on its journey to splash down in the Atlantic Ocean.

Moving Forward

NASA’s now rounding up the 12 data recorders the crew capsule ejected during its descent so it can analyze the data to confirm that everything went as planned.

At first glance, however, it appears we’re now one step closer to returning humans to the Moon.

“It was a very smooth liftoff,” Orion Program Manager Mark Kirasich said in a press release. “By all first accounts, it was magnificent.”

READ MORE: NASA performs successful test of Orion spacecraft launch abort crew escape system [TechCrunch]

More on Orion: Congress Denies NASA Request for More Moon Mission Money

The post NASA’s Orion Crew Capsule Aced Its Abort System Test appeared first on Futurism.

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NASA’s Orion Crew Capsule Aced Its Abort System Test

This AI Gives Other AIs Names Like “Ass Federation” And “Hot Pie” Because Robots Can Be Weird Too

Research scientist Janelle Shane trained a naming AI to conjure up new monikers for self-aware spaceships like those in author Iain M. Banks' Culture books.

Ship Shape

Scottish author Iain M. Banks populated his sci-fi Culture book series with humanoid robots, alien races, and artificially intelligent spaceships that chose their own names.

So: Research scientist Janelle Shane thought it would be fun to use those ship names to train a real neural network to — what else? — conjure up new names for self-aware spaceships. The results? Hilarious. Puzzling. Generally? Great.

Name Game

Shane is the same scientist responsible for creating the neural network that bestowed awesome names like “Peanutbutterjiggles” and “Bones of the Master” upon shelter kittens.

This new naming AI is a variation on that one, but instead of training the base neural network, OpenAI’s GPT-2, on cat names, she used a list of 236 spaceship names from Banks’ Culture series.

Ass Federation

Shane lists dozens of the names churned out by the AI on her website, so you’ll have to head there to check them all out, but some of our favorites:

– Friendly Head Crusher
– Mini Cactus Cake Fight
– Happy to Groom Any Animals You Want

But if we’re naming a self-aware spaceship, it’d be hard to pass up the opportunity to go with the complete head-scratcher that is Someone Did Save Your Best Cookie By Post-Apocalyptic Means.

READ MORE: This AI is so goddamn smart, it can name other AIs [The Next Web]

More on naming AI: This Neural Network Gives Kittens A+ Names Like “Mr Sinister”

The post This AI Gives Other AIs Names Like “Ass Federation” And “Hot Pie” Because Robots Can Be Weird Too appeared first on Futurism.

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This AI Gives Other AIs Names Like “Ass Federation” And “Hot Pie” Because Robots Can Be Weird Too


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