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Supplement industry news and updates November 2019 – New Hope Network

for themselves and for their patients, according to a new survey from Trust Transparency Center (TTC). In the 2019 Registered Dietitian Insights Survey of 200 U.S.-based registered dietitian nutritionists, 66% of RDNs stated they recommend both food and supplements to their clients and 70% personally take supplements four times or more per week.

The American Herbal Products Association has revised its free labeling guidance for herbal dietary supplements to cover updated nutrition labeling requirements for foods and dietary supplements, and its scheduled to take effect Jan.1, 2020. Heres what you need to know to be prepared for the year ahead.

Raw materials, the foundation of the supplement industry, now represent $6.3 billion in annual sales. Nutrition Business Journals senior analyst digs into the numbers and explores trends and opportunities defining the future of raw materials.

Its critical that retailers stay informed about condition-specific options, especially during key times of the year. Natural Foods Merchandiser visited one store to test the staffs knowledge on the immunity category and help others in the industry understand how to talk about the category.

Inside the Bottle unites companies from across the supplement supply chain to advocate for a transparent, collaborative supplement industry that supports consumer health empowerment.

#InsidetheBottle

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Supplement industry news and updates November 2019 - New Hope Network

FDA raises concerns about CBD-infused food and beverages – FoodBev.com

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has said it cannot conclude that cannabidiol (CBD) is generally recognised as safe (GRAS) for use in food due to a lack of scientific information supporting its safety.

The agency said many unanswered questions and data gaps about CBD toxicity exist, and some of the available data raise serious concerns about potential harm from CBD.

A revised consumer update has also been published by the FDA, outlining specific safety issues related to CBD products, including potential liver injury, interactions with other drugs, drowsiness, diarrhoea and changes in mood.

We remain concerned that some people wrongly think that the myriad of CBD products on the market, many of which are illegal, have been evaluated by the FDA and determined to be safe, said Amy Abernethy, FDA principal deputy commissioner.

Aside from one prescription drug approved to treat two paediatric epilepsy disorders, these products have not been approved by the FDA and we want to be clear that a number of questions remain regarding CBDs safety.

She added: We recognise the significant public interest in CBD and we must work together with stakeholders and industry to fill in the knowledge gaps about the science, safety and quality of many of these products.

The FDA has also issued warning letters to 15 companies for illegally selling products containing CBD in ways that violate the US Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act).

Some of the products outlined in the warning letters are foods to which CBD has been added. Under the FD&C Act, it is illegal to introduce into interstate commerce any human or animal food to which certain drug ingredients, such as CBD, have been added.

Some of the products are also marketed as dietary supplements. CBD products cannot be dietary supplements because they do not meet the definition of a dietary supplement under the FD&C Act.

The Council for Responsible Nutrition (CRN), the trade association representing the dietary supplement and functional food industry, said the FDAs move has unnecessarily alarmed consumers.

FDAs inaction for the past year has facilitated an unregulated marketplace which is bad for consumers and bad for business, said Steve Mister, president and CEO, CRN.

Its time for FDA to announce a legal pathway to market for these CBD-containing supplements and to commence meaningful enforcement against products that flout category-wide requirements for dietary supplements.

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FDA raises concerns about CBD-infused food and beverages - FoodBev.com

Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements Market to Witness a Pronounce Growth in Coming Years | Insights, Trends, Growth, Industry…

HTF MI Analyst have added a new research study on TitleGlobal Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements Market Report and 2020 Outlookwith detailed information of Product Types [, Analgesic & pain relievers, Dermatological products, Cough, cold, and flu products, Vitamin supplements, Mineral Supplements & Ophthalmic Products], Applications [Pharmacies, Grocery Stores, Vitamin, Health Food Stores & Online Pharmacies] &Key Players Such as Pfizer Inc., Novartis International AG, Roche Holding AG, Merck & Co., Inc., Sanofi S.A, Johnson & Johnson, Gilead Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Bayer Healthcare AG, AstraZeneca plc., Alacer Corp., Alcon Inc., Alfresa Pharma Corporation, Alkalon A/S, Alliance Healthcare, Allergan, Plc., Reckitt Benckiser Plc., Bausch & Lomb, AbbVie Inc. & The Colgate-Palmolive Company etc.

The report provides in-depth comprehensive analysis for regional segments that covers North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and Africa and Rest of World with Global Outlook and includes Clear Market definitions, classifications, manufacturing processes, cost structures, development policies and plans. The facts and data are well presented in the report using diagrams, graphs, pie charts, and other pictorial representations with respect to its Current Trends, Dynamics, and Business Scope & Key Statistics.

If you are a Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements manufacturer and deals in exports imports then this article will help you understand the Sales Volume with Impacting Trends.Click To get SAMPLE PDF (Including Full TOC, Table & Figures)

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Heat map Analysis, 3-Year Financial and Detailed Company Profiles of Key & Emerging Players: Pfizer Inc., Novartis International AG, Roche Holding AG, Merck & Co., Inc., Sanofi S.A, Johnson & Johnson, Gilead Sciences, GlaxoSmithKline plc., Bayer Healthcare AG, AstraZeneca plc., Alacer Corp., Alcon Inc., Alfresa Pharma Corporation, Alkalon A/S, Alliance Healthcare, Allergan, Plc., Reckitt Benckiser Plc., Bausch & Lomb, AbbVie Inc. & The Colgate-Palmolive Company

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Global Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements Market Size (Sales) Market Share by Type (Product Category) [, Analgesic & pain relievers, Dermatological products, Cough, cold, and flu products, Vitamin supplements, Mineral Supplements & Ophthalmic Products] in 2018Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements Market by Application/End Users [Pharmacies, Grocery Stores, Vitamin, Health Food Stores & Online Pharmacies]Global Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements Sales (Volume) and Market Share Comparison by ApplicationsGlobal Global Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements Sales and Growth Rate (2014-2025)Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements Competition by Players/Suppliers, Region, Type and ApplicationOver the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements (Volume, Value and Sales Price) table defined for each geographic region defined.Global Over the Counter (OTC) Drugs & Dietary Supplements Players/Suppliers Profiles and Sales DataAdditionally Company Basic Information, Manufacturing Base and Competitors list is being provided for each listed manufacturersMarket Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2014-2018) table for each product type which includeCost Structure AnalysisKey Raw Materials Analysis & Price TrendsSupply Chain, Sourcing Strategy and Downstream Buyers, Industrial Chain Analysis..and view more in complete table of Contents

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Scientists praise stronger beers as very, very healthy thanks to gut-friendly bacteria – The Independent

Certain beers could be considered very healthy thanks to the amount of gut-friendly bacteria they contain, according to scientists specialising in gut health.

Professor Eric Claassen, who works atAmsterdam University, explained that strong Belgian beers, includingHoegaarden, Westmalle Tripel and Echt Kriekenbier, are rich in probiotic microbes that offera range of health benefits.

Presenting his research at an event held by probiotic drink makerYakult, Claassensaid that unlike most mainstream beers, which go through a single fermentation process, these beers are fermented twice.

The second fermentation not only creates a drier flavour and boosts the strength of the beer, but it also uses a different strain of yeast found in traditional pints.

This strain of yeast produces acids that kill harmful bacteria in the gut that can make us ill.

You are getting a stronger beer that is very, very healthy, Claassen said.

While the professor stressedthat the research does not mean its okay to start guzzling pint after pint, it might mean that those who consume these beers in moderation could see major health benefits.

We dont want to give people a licence to drink more beer, he added. Those of us who advocate good health know its very difficult for people to stop at one.

In high concentrations alcohol is bad for the gut but if you drink just one of these beers every day it would be very good for you.

The health benefits of probiotics are well-documented.

While they can be found in foods such as yoghurt, kimchi and kefir, they are most commonly taken in capsule form as food supplements and are thought to restore the natural balance of bacteria in the gut after periods of illness, when taking a course of antibiotics mightve irritated the stomach and intestines.

TheNHSclaims that probiotics may also help reduce bloating and flatulence in IBS sufferers.

Sharing the full story, not just the headlines

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Scientists praise stronger beers as very, very healthy thanks to gut-friendly bacteria - The Independent

Holiday Gift Guide 2019: The Best Health and Wellness Supplements For Travelers – Forbes

Theres no doubt about it: traveling takes a toll on everyone, even the most mindful and health-conscious. So, why not give something thatll naturally restore your loved ones body and mind? Here, ten innovative supplements whose benefits will last long after the holidays have passed.

Antara

Antara Dharana Focus & Energy Brain Food

After burning out as a corporate lawyer in New York, and discovering her fathers diagnosis of early onset dementia, Caroline Rasmussen quit her job and decamped to Thailand to research holistic brain health. Thus, Antara was born. Swap out your regular caffeine with this nootropic supplement for the uninitiated, nootropics reportedly enhance brain performance that boosts mental clarity and productivity.

Takamichi Beauty Room

Bicol Labs Something For a Mini Rehab

To ward off those painful mornings that follow the rowdiest of nights, pop two of these capsules before downing those drinks. Chock full of botanicals that buffer a liver in overdrive (think artichoke, milk thistle, and rosemary), theyll help you get back on your feet (and off the couch) sooner than later.

The Nue Co.

The Nue Co. Debloat Food + Probiotic

Since its more than easy to overindulge during the holiday season, always keep this bestseller from The New Co. handy. Anti-inflammatories like turmeric, ginger, and cinnamon, Debloat Food alleviate gastrointestinal discomfort, while the prebiotic inulinsupports the friendly bacteria in your gut.

Jet Set Natural

Jet Set Natural

For even the most experienced travelers, jet lag can be a real, well, drag. To that end, Eric Gentry, MD, and his son developed this innovative treatment taken in two steps (called Jet and Set) to gently reset your circadian rhythm and feel like your very best self, no matter where in the world you land.

Lord Jones

Lord Jones CBD Holiday Gumdrops

Elegantly packaged for memorable gift-giving, these limited-edition gumdrops are dosed with 20 milligrams of broad-spectrum CBD, to help even the most stressed slip into a chill state of mind. The Sugarplum flavor recalls the nostalgia of your youth, while Mango Chili brings on a sweet heat with ancho chili.

True Botanicals

True Botanicals Aromatherapy Trio

Proof positive that not all supplements need to be ingested. To enjoy the benefits of this trio of targeted aromatherapy oils, just roll on and breathe in. Plagued with tight knots? Try the Muscle Release. Feeling a bit run down? Then swipe some Immune Boost. And to wind down in a flash, inhale some Stress Relief.

Bio-Kult

Bio-Kult Migra

Recently, more attention has been paid to the relationship between your gut and brain. (Theres a reason why anxiety and nausea often go hand-in-hand.) In addition to 14 perfectly-balanced probiotic strains, these capsules also feature Magnesium Citrate and Vitamin B6, which support a healthy nervous system. And unlike other probiotics, these dont require refrigeration.

8Greens

8Greens

Its easy for good eating habits to fall by the wayside this time of year. And thats when 8 Greens comes to the rescue. Powered by real spinach, spirulina, kale, and five other greens (hence the name), each tablet creates a citrusy fizzy beverage loaded with vitamins and minerals for a convenient and healthful pick-me-up anytime of day.

JS Health Vitamins

JSHealth Vitamins Metabolism + Sugar Support

The brainchild of Australian nutritionist Jessica Sepel, JSHealth Vitamins targets a wide range of everyday concerns. But since sweets seem to pop up everywhere during the holidays, take two tablets (one with breakfast, another with lunch) to naturally curb those sugary cravings, and sustain normal blood sugar levels.

La Sirene Beauty

La Sirne Orange Beauty Collagen

The benefits of collagen (a protein our body produces) are aplenty, from stronger joints to suppler skin. The downside? We produce less as we age. Continue to reap the benefits of this powerhouse by mixing a packet of La Sirne's Beauty Collagen water daily. Not only does it taste terrific, its enriched with other skin-healthy ingredients, including vitamin C and Coenzyme Q10.

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Holiday Gift Guide 2019: The Best Health and Wellness Supplements For Travelers - Forbes

FDA comes down against CBD-infused food and beverage – Bend Bulletin

A recent industry study predicted the global cannabidiol (CBD) market will grow from $311.7 million this year to $1.25 billion by 2024. Hemp farming quadrupled in 2019; the crop, which was legalized in the 2018 farm bill, was seen as a huge new growth opportunity for beleaguered American farmers. More than 1,000 CBD-infused products are now available online.

This week, though, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued warning letters to 15 companies for illegally selling products containing CBD, saying they had violated the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. At the same time the FDA published a revised Consumer Update detailing broad safety concerns about CBD products.

Bottom line: The federal government has not concluded that CBD is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for use in human or animal food. Thus, CBD in food and drink is still illegal.

It came out of the blue. We were just at a CBD show last week, and there were hundreds of similar products and websites, said Brad Ridenour, chief executive of Koi CBD, one of the 15 companies to receive warning letters.

Companies that have charged ahead on developing and marketing CBD-infused food and drink say they have been waiting for direction from the FDA on how to label and market products and are increasingly frustrated with the agencys lack of clear regulations.

Brands such as Ben & Jerrys, Unilever and Anheuser-Busch have announced CBD products in development, and stores such as Walgreens, Kroger and CVS have vowed to sell them.

They keep telling us theyre going to come out with guidance, and they dont, Ridenour said. They just tell us what not to do. Were ready to comply with anything they throw at us.

The FDA has requested responses from the companies within 15 working days stating how the companies will correct the violations.

In May, Amy Abernethy, the FDAs principal deputy commissioner, used a string of tweets to convey the agencys reservations about CBD, saying: We are reviewing available databases and medical literature about CBDs safety. Thus far, the data appear insufficient.

In June, an FDA document called What You Need to Know (And What Were Working to Find Out) amplified the warning that the agency considered CBD products illegal, saying: We are aware that there may be some products on the market that add CBD to a food or label CBD as a dietary supplement. Under federal law, it is currently illegal to market CBD this way.

And then the FDA fell mostly silent on the subject, until now.

As we work quickly to further clarify our regulatory approach for products containing cannabis and cannabis-derived compounds like CBD, well continue to monitor the marketplace and take action as needed against companies that violate the law, Abernethy said in a statement this week. We remain concerned that some people wrongly think that the myriad of CBD products on the market, many of which are illegal, have been evaluated by the FDA and determined to be safe, or that trying CBD cant hurt.

The Center for Science in the Public Interest applauded the FDAs move. While CBD has been found effective and is legal in prescription form for two rare forms of epilepsy, the center says there is no evidence that cannabidiol will lower the risk of diabetes, shrink tumors, wean a person off opioids, ease schizophrenia or calm anxious pets despite the claims of companies actively marketing CBD products.The marketplace is full of products that are essentially unknown, said Laura MacCleery, policy director for Center for Science in the Public Interest. What that means is they are experimenting on consumers and I dont think people are aware that they are guinea pigs.

MacCleery said CBD products have been marketed for childrens use and for pregnant women and that researchers havent adequately studied either use. She said there are concerns about CBD and liver toxicity, and problems with supply chain quality control. Some products may be mislabeled, with more or less CBD than indicated. There are also concerns about contaminants, and since labels are often unclear whether the CBD is derived from marijuana or hemp, heavy metals may be a concern (marijuana is an effective extractor of heavy metals from soil).

Its an industry that is untethered to relationships of oversight, MacCleery said.

The Council for Responsible Nutrition, the trade association for the dietary supplement industry, said the FDAs move unnecessarily alarms consumers. They argue that the FDAs inaction for the past year has facilitated an unregulated marketplace, which is bad for consumers and the burgeoning CBD industry.

Its time for FDA to announce a legal pathway to market for these CBD-containing supplements and to commence meaningful enforcement against products that flout category-wide requirements for dietary supplements, said Council president Steve Mister.

Melissa Bane, managing director of market research and consulting firm Grail Insights, said the FDA crackdown will likely have little effect on the industrys growth.

In the same week when a major report was published describing diminished life expectancy for Americans attributed to drug overdoses and suicides among young and middle-aged adults, she said people are clamoring for mechanisms to manage mood and stress.

CBD is marketed as a more natural alternative to alcohol, sugar, tobacco and opioids. Sixty-two percent of younger users say they use it to manage stress. Do we see the demand changing? No, we dont. But consumers want clarity on safety. This [the FDAs statement this week] leaves the American consumer without answers, Bane said.

Alon Shabo, founder of SabaiDee, an organic hemp oil manufacturer that also received a warning letter, said he thought that the company was in compliance, but that the FDA may have targeted high-visibility brands to send a message to the industry.

The FDA took issue specifically with SabaiDee claims for their animal products and with consumer reviews on the website that made medical claims. The company is taking those down and reprinting a label for one product.

Shabo said that once there is a clear regulatory framework in place, there will be another rush of institutional funding and acquisitions. He said there are still players on the sidelines waiting to dive into the CBD market.

Everybody is bulldozing full speed ahead, he said. People are still quite bullish.

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FDA comes down against CBD-infused food and beverage - Bend Bulletin

Mulberry Leaf: Uses, Benefits, and Precautions – Healthline

Mulberry trees produce flavorful berries that are enjoyed around the world and often deemed superfoods due to their concentration of vitamins, minerals, and powerful plant compounds.

However, the fruit isnt the only part of the mulberry tree that may offer health benefits. For centuries, its leaves have been used in traditional medicine as a natural treatment for a variety of conditions.

In fact, the leaves are highly nutritious. Theyre loaded with powerful plant compounds like polyphenol antioxidants, as well as vitamin C, zinc, calcium, iron, potassium, phosphorus, and magnesium (2, 3, 4).

This article reviews mulberry leaf, examining its uses, benefits, and potential side effects.

Mulberry (Morus) belongs to the Moraceae plant family and includes several species, such as the black mulberry (M. nigra), red mulberry (M. rubra), and white mulberry (M. alba) (1).

Native to China, this tree is now cultivated in many regions, including the United States, Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Mulberry leaves have a variety of culinary, medicinal, and industrial applications.

The leaves and other parts of the tree contain a milky white sap called latex, which is mildly toxic to humans and may result in symptoms like an upset stomach if ingested or skin irritation if touched (5, 6).

Yet, many people consume mulberry leaves without experiencing adverse effects.

Theyre said to be very palatable and commonly used to make tinctures and herbal teas, which are a common health beverage in Asian countries. Young leaves can be eaten after cooking.

You can also take mulberry leaf supplements, which have become increasingly popular for their potential health benefits.

Additionally, these leaves are the sole food source of the silkworm a caterpillar that produces silk and sometimes used as feed for dairy animals (1).

Mulberry leaves are commonly used to make tea in Asian countries, though they can be eaten as well. Theyre likewise available as tinctures and herbal supplements.

Mulberry leaves may help lower blood sugar, cholesterol, and inflammation levels. These attributes may make them useful for fighting heart disease and diabetes (3).

Mulberry leaves provide several compounds that may help combat diabetes.

These include 1-deoxynojirimycin (DNJ), which prevents the absorption of carbs in your gut (2, 7).

In particular, these leaves may reduce high levels of blood sugar and insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels.

In one study, 37 adults ingested maltodextrin, a starchy powder that rapidly boosts blood sugar levels. They were then given mulberry leaf extract containing 5% DNJ.

Those who took either 250 or 500 mg of the extract experienced a significantly lower rise in blood sugar and insulin levels than the placebo group (2).

Also, in a 3-month study, people with type 2 diabetes who took 1,000 mg of mulberry leaf extract 3 times daily with meals experienced significant reductions in post-meal blood sugar levels, compared with a placebo group (8).

Some research suggests that mulberry leaf extract may improve heart health by reducing cholesterol and blood pressure levels, decreasing inflammation, and preventing atherosclerosis a buildup of plaque in your arteries that can lead to heart disease.

One study gave 23 people with high cholesterol 280 mg of mulberry leaf supplements 3 times per day. After 12 weeks, their LDL (bad) cholesterol dropped by 5.6% while their HDL (good) cholesterol increased by 19.7% (9).

Another 12-week study noted that 10 people with high triglycerides who took daily mulberry leaf supplements containing 36 mg of DNJ reduced their levels of this marker by 50 mg/dL, on average (10).

Additionally, animal studies indicate that this leaf may prevent atherosclerosis and reduce cellular damage and high blood pressure levels, all of which are risk factors for heart disease (11, 12, 13).

Mulberry leaf contains numerous anti-inflammatory compounds, including flavonoid antioxidants.

Some research suggests that mulberry leaf may combat inflammation and oxidative stress, both of which are linked to chronic disease (14).

Studies in mice on high fat diets demonstrate that supplements from this leaf reduced inflammatory markers like C-reactive protein, as well as oxidative stress markers like superoxide dismutase (15, 16).

A test-tube study in human white blood cells likewise revealed that extracts of mulberry leaf and its tea not only reduced inflammatory proteins but also significantly lowered DNA damage caused by oxidative stress (17).

Although these results are encouraging, human studies are needed.

Although research is limited, mulberry leaf may offer several other health benefits. These include:

Research suggests that mulberry leaf promotes heart health, reduces inflammation, and combats diabetes. It may provide other benefits as well, but human studies are needed.

Although mulberry leaf has largely been shown to be safe in both human and animal studies, it may lead to side effects in some people (21).

For example, some people have reported adverse effects, such as diarrhea, nausea, dizziness, bloating, and constipation, when taking supplements (9).

Additionally, individuals taking diabetes medications should consult a health professional before trying mulberry leaf due to its effects on blood sugar (13).

Whats more, further human studies are needed to establish this leafs safety when taken over long periods. Children and pregnant or breastfeeding women should avoid it due to insufficient safety research.

Its always a good idea to consult your healthcare provider before using any herbal supplement, especially if you take medications or have a health condition.

While its widely considered safe, mulberry leaf may cause side effects like diarrhea and bloating. Children and pregnant or breastfeeding women should avoid it due to a lack of research on its safety.

Mulberry leaves have long been used in traditional medicine and are associated with several impressive health benefits.

This unique tree leaf may combat inflammation and improve various risk factors for heart disease and diabetes. All the same, further human research is needed.

You can take it as a supplement or eat cooked, immature leaves. Still, due to its potential side effects, you may want to consult your healthcare provider before adding mulberry leaves to your routine.

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Mulberry Leaf: Uses, Benefits, and Precautions - Healthline

Nate Diaz Rips USADA After Being Cleared of Doping Violation: ‘It’s a Conspiracy’ – Bleacher Report

Michael Owens/Getty Images

Nate Diaz affirmed he will fight Jorge Masvidal at UFC 244 on Saturday after all the drama over a positive test for trace amounts of a banned substance.

"I thought it was all made up and a bunch of bulls--t anyway," Diaz said Monday, per ESPN's Marc Raimondi. "It's behind us. Now, we can move on."

Diaz also questioned the findings of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency, calling it a "conspiracy":

"Diaz said he does not believe what USADA is saying about atypical findings and a tainted supplement. He said he has continued taking the same supplements he has always taken -- raw, organic, vegan supplements from Whole Foods. The UFC said Friday that the supplement that tested positive for LGD-4033 was an organic, vegan, plant-based, daily multivitamin."

Diaz first raised doubt over his bout with Masvidal when he shared a statement (warning: post contains profanity) on Twitter saying he was informed of a test that showed "elevated levels that they say may be from some tainted supplements."

He claimed he had only been using natural food supplements in preparation for UFC 244, adding he was considering not fighting at all because he was "not gonna have my name tainted as a cheater."

According to Raimondi and colleague Ariel Helwani, Diaz was flagged for a selective androgen receptor modulator, but USADA hadn't yet placed him on a provisional suspension. That left the door open for him to step inside the Octagon at Madison Square Garden.

Diaz was ultimately vindicated when USADA and UFC officially cleared him. Jeff Novitzky, the UFC's senior vice president of athlete health and performance, confirmed he had taken a contaminated multivitamin, which led to the flagged test sample.

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Nate Diaz Rips USADA After Being Cleared of Doping Violation: 'It's a Conspiracy' - Bleacher Report

Vitamin D deficiency: The sign in your eye that could signal you are lacking the vitamin – Express

Vitamin D is created by the body from direct sunlight on the skin when outdoors, so people must make sure they get enough exposure to the sun to top up the vitamin. Certain groups are at risk of running a vitamin D deficiency, however, which can cause a number of bodily changes.

It is well understood that lacking the nutrient can lead to bone deformities such as rickets in children, and bone pain caused by a condition called osteomalacia in adults.

In addition to bone problems, evidence published in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases also revealed a strong association between low levels of the vitamin and dry eyes.

According to Mayo Clinic, dry eyes is a common condition that occurs when your tears aren't able to provide adequate lubrication for your eyes, which can cause discomfort, such as a stinging or burning sensation.

The study researchers hypothesised that the link to vitamin D levels is attributed to its anti-inflammatory properties - tear gland damage from inflammation is one of common causes of dry eyes.

In addition, the researchers proposed that vitamin D may help prevent dry eyes by inducing cathelicidin, an anti-microbial protein that can be produced by cells in the eyes and heal eye wounds.

In order to test this hypothesis, researchers compared the prevalence and symptom severity of dry eyes between 50 vitamin D deficient (levels less than 20 ng/ml or 50 nmol/l) women and 48 vitamin D sufficient (levels greater than or equal to 20 ng/ml or 50 nmol/l) women.

The researchers only included pre-menopausal women, since postmenopausal hormonal changes have been found to be associated with dry eye.

READ MOREVitamin B12 deficiency symptoms: The warning sign in your hands you could be lacking B12

Foods which contain vitamin D include:

As most of these foods are animal products, its harder to get vitamin D from food if you are vegan or vegetarian.

As most of these foods are animal products, its harder to get vitamin D from food if you are vegan or vegetarian, notes the NHS but calcium - the key mineral found in vitamin D - can be found in other foods.

These include:

Vitamin D can also be taken in supplement form, and the Department of Health recommends that you take a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D throughout the year if you:

It added: If you have dark skin for example you have an African, African-Caribbean or south Asian background you may also not get enough vitamin D from sunlight.

You should consider taking a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D throughout the year.

The NHS advises against taking too many vitamin D supplements a long period of time as this can cause too much calcium to build up in the body.

This can weaken the bones and damage the kidneys and the heart, so if you choose to take vitamin D supplements, 10 micrograms a day will be enough for most people, says the health body.

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Vitamin D deficiency: The sign in your eye that could signal you are lacking the vitamin - Express

Should the federal government regulate vaping? – AAMC

Editors note: The opinions expressed by the author do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the AAMC or its members.

Recent statistics on electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), popularly known as vaping devices or e-cigarettes, are frightening. The most recent data from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) indicate that a quarter of U.S. high school seniors report having vaped in the previous month. The health consequences of a generation of teenagers addicted to nicotine could be devastating, and if thats not bad enough, more than a thousand recent cases of severe acute lung injury and at least 26 deaths have now been associated with the use of vaping products.

According to the CDC, as of October 15, 2019, among the 849 patients for whom data are available (out of a total of 1,479 reported U.S. cases of vaping-related lung injury), 78% reported using vape products that contained THC and just under one-third reported using THC vape products exclusively. Meanwhile, 58% reported using vapes that contained nicotine and 10% reported using nicotine vapes exclusively. Because of the overlap between the groups using THC and nicotine vape products, it is unclear whether these cases involved only commercially available products, as opposed to black market components. The situation has already become severe enough to merit its own name: E-cigarette or Vaping Associated Lung Injury (EVALI).

Many people have asked me about my views on vaping. My thoughts on this topic, gathered below, encompass a history of interaction with tobacco products both as an academic clinician and during an intense stint as Commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). I hope these reflections will be useful to the many concerned people who are now considering what should be done in the face of an emerging public health problem.

Lately, Ive been thinking about these issues every time I walk by the statue of James Buchanan Buck Duke in front of the Duke Chapel on the grounds of the university where barring a handful of years devoted to completing a residency and to serving at the FDA Ive spent the last half century. J.B. Duke, the benefactor of Duke University, made his initial fortune by developing a scalable approach to manufacturing and distributing cigarettes. When he took over the family business at age 28, the industry was transitioning from producing tobacco for hand-rolled cigarettes to the industrial manufacture (and aggressive marketing) of mass-produced tobacco products. Within 5 years, the American Tobacco Company was producing and distributing half of all American-made cigarettes and had established a global conglomerate of multiple kinds of tobacco products. It became such a dominant enterprise that the Supreme Court dissolved it in a 1911 antitrust action, and the Dukes went on to more constructive enterprises, developing extensive textile companies and investing in hydroelectric power generation to create what would become Duke Power. The rest of the devastating tobacco epidemic is history a history inextricably entwined with the founding of Duke University.

Fast-forwarding to 2004, I find myself at Oxford University, sitting at the head table at a celebration for the renowned epidemiologist Sir Richard Doll. Sir Richard, then over 90 years old and still working, had led what is arguably the most important study of the lethal effects of tobacco, the British Doctors Study. He and his colleagues followed an entire cohort of British doctors until all of them died truly a study with 100% follow-up. In the end, there was a 10-year difference in life expectancy between doctors who smoked and those who didnt. This was literally the smoking gun for the fact that smoking causes premature death, heart disease, and cancer in addition to a host of other health problems. It would, however, take decades to translate this epidemiological breakthrough into partially effective public policy.

When I assumed the post of FDA Deputy Commissioner in 2015 I had no knowledge of the complexity of regulating a product that harms peoples health but is liked by a large proportion of the population, supported by a tradition of lethally effective lawyering, and heavily subsidized by an industry with deep pockets and a significant political constituency.

As a cardiac intensivist and clinical cardiologist, for decades I witnessed firsthand the ravages of tobacco products in the patients cared for by our cardiac team. In the early 1980s cardiac care units were packed with middle-aged men with acute myocardial infarction, and sudden death was depressingly common. I didnt think much about nicotine addiction, other than noticing how difficult it was to stop smoking despite various aids and medications. When I assumed the post of FDA Deputy Commissioner in 2015, I thought the agency was poised to continue contributing to the noticeable decline in the use of tobacco products that had taken place in recent decades. I had no knowledge of the complexity of regulating a product that harms peoples health but is liked by a large proportion of the population (many of whom are addicted to it), supported by a tradition of lethally effective lawyering, and heavily subsidized by an industry with deep pockets and a significant political constituency.

There is a widespread misconception that the FDA has been regulating tobacco products since the time that a young FDA commissioner, David Kessler, MD, confronted the tobacco industry in the 1990s. Kessler and his colleagues used their authority to uncover documents revealing the tobacco industrys efforts to obfuscate evidence of harm from their products and to optimize the addictive activity of nicotine on the brain in secret human and animal studies. They also found that tobacco companies were using an old-fashioned method of gene editing breeding plants from seeds that were irradiated to create mutations that would increase nicotine content.

Kesslers argument in 1996 hinged on the assertion that nicotine was a drug and therefore should fall under the FDAs jurisdiction. After a long journey through the lower courts, the case went to the Supreme Court, which ruled against the FDA by a 5-4 vote. The courts majority held that the control of products that were neither safe nor effective for health did not fall under the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act from which the FDA derives its regulatory authority. At the same time, the FDA was pushing for better regulation of dietary supplements to empower the agency to evaluate the safety and efficacy of food supplements prior to marketing. The public health lost on both counts, as we now have a supplement industry worth almost $200 billion that promotes health claims with no evidentiary standard, and the tobacco industry successfully used the courts to block the FDA from regulating tobacco.

Although Kesslers leadership exposed the egregious misdeeds of the tobacco industry, it was not until the election of President Barack Obama in 2008 that Congress passed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (TCA), which specifically assigned authority for the regulation of tobacco products to the FDA on the premise that adults had the freedom to choose to use tobacco products but minors should not be exposed to an addictive substance.

The FDA then started a new center, the Center for Tobacco Products (CTP), whose current director, Mitch Zeller, JD, cut his teeth as part of Kesslers team. In addition to specifying how tobacco products would be regulated, the CTP which was essentially a startup within a decades-old organization developed an enforcement approach and undertook a major research effort supported by hundreds of millions of dollars in funding derived from user fees assessed to the regulated industry. Among the many interesting elements of the TCA was a provision that prohibited the FDA from outlawing tobacco altogether, and a stipulation that the nicotine concentration of the leaf could not be reduced to zero, although it could be lowered based on scientific evidence. One particularly positive outcome of this regulation was the allocation of substantial funding to support desperately needed research on tobacco product toxicity and the epidemiology of the use of tobacco products in conjunction with the National Institutes of Health.

It was not until the election of President Barack Obama in 2008 that Congress passed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (TCA), which specifically assigned authority for the regulation of tobacco products to the FDA on the premise that adults had the freedom to choose to use tobacco products but minors should not be exposed to an addictive substance.

A recurring societal theme that has shaped the regulation of tobacco is the ambiguous view that our society holds about addictive substances. For example, alcohol, marijuana, opioids, amphetamines, and tobacco have major differences, but they share a risk of either addiction or extraordinary dependence with repetitive use. Alcohol is legal, but prohibited for youth in state regulation. Marijuana until recently was uniformly illegal, but is now legal in many states for medical use and in a moderate number of states for recreational use, although it remains illegal under federal law. Amphetamine derivatives are contained in many over-the-counter and prescription medications, but methamphetamine is illegal and its use is growing rapidly again as opioids become more difficult to obtain. Opioids are prescribed legally, but they are illegal for consumer use. The result of this mix of legal and illegal use of addictive substances is that our jails are full of drug users who have committed nonviolent crimes, significant premature death and disability is tolerated, and there are enormous disparities in enforcement as functions of wealth, race, and power. The compromise embodied in the TCA, in which the FDA is enjoined to regulate tobacco without eliminating its use, reflects this ambiguous American view of individual freedom versus the risk posed by addictive and dangerous substances.

However, to fully understand the history of tobacco regulation since the passage of the TCA, one also needs a basic understanding of how federal laws are interpreted and implemented. In essence, once Congress enacts a law, that law must then be interpreted, and federal rules provide binding instructions on how a law is interpreted by the relevant federal agencies. Guidances are nonbinding recommendations that describe tactical approaches to implementing a law as interpreted within the context of the rules. Before a rule can be enacted, a proposed rule must be posted for a period of public comment and written responses made to each comment. Rules with significant economic impact require evaluation of the potential societal economic impact on the United States, a task performed by a little-known cadre of health economists employed by the relevant agency (the FDA has several dozen health economists) and checked and revised by the Office of Management and Budget. Before a rule is finalized, it goes up and down the chain of the executive branch of government and a formal notice-and-comment process requires public posting of the proposed rule and a formal response to every comment.

In order to regulate a tobacco product, the FDA had to write a rule that would specify which products it deemed to be subject to the TCA. The law immediately deemed cigarettes, cigarette tobacco, smokeless tobacco, and hand-rolled tobacco as subject to the TCA, and required the FDA to stipulate what other tobacco products it would regulate. Thus, in order to regulate cigars, e-cigarettes, and hookah and vaping products, the FDA had to write a rule that was processed through the formal notice-and-comment rule-making process. The shorthand for this effort is deeming regulation.

At every step of the way, attempts to regulate tobacco and related products have been contested and undermined by the tobacco industry, whose relationship with regulators stands in stark contrast to that of medical product industries and the FDA. The FDAs mission statement identifies ensuring public safety as its primary mission, but also encompasses the promotion of innovation under the premise that approved or cleared products will improve longevity, function, or quality of life. The question at the heart of the agencys relation with the tobacco industry is, essentially, what can be done with regulation to limit the number of people killed or disabled by tobacco products?

An important facet of this story concerns the FDAs battle with the tobacco industry over advertising. Because of the modern interpretation of the First Amendment, companies essentially have the same rights of free speech as those enjoyed by individuals, and any government interference with that speech requires definitive evidence of an overriding societal interest. Prior to my tenure at the FDA, the agency suffered a legal defeat when a panel of judges on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia ruled that the graphic warnings (essentially, pictures of people experiencing the dire health consequences of tobacco use) that the FDA sought to mandate on tobacco product packaging infringed on the First Amendment rights of tobacco companies. This ruling came despite definitive research demonstrating that the use of such warnings was associated with significant reductions in smoking behavior in controlled studies that almost certainly would have led to a reduction in death and disability. Since that defeat, the agency has continued to gather evidence about the effectiveness of this approach and once again is poised to issue a rule requiring the placement of graphic warnings on tobacco packaging.

The question at the heart of the agencys relation with the tobacco industry is, essentially, what can be done with regulation to limit the number of people killed or disabled by tobacco products?

An additional key background issue concerns the economics of tobacco and tobacco products. My own introduction to these issues occurred during a clandestine breakfast meeting with a famous demographer and epidemiologist who had conducted a 1990s version of a big data analysis. This persons conclusions: tobacco produced economic benefit not only because it created jobs, but also because it reduced longevity after retirement. In other words, people who die from tobacco-related diseases often die from sudden cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, or lung cancer all of which are associated with relatively short intervals of disability.

At the time, this rather cold-blooded argument seemed solid from a purely economic perspective. Nevertheless, I couldnt help feeling that like most people, when I reached retirement age, I would like to enjoy those extra years after my normal working life. At the time I had not heard of the concept of lost consumer surplus, a term used in economics to measure the difference between what consumers are willing to pay for a good or service and the market equilibrium price.

When I arrived at the FDA, I was fascinated to learn that this concept had become a hot-button issue in the economic evaluation of tobacco policy, with a group of economists arguing that the loss of consumer surplus offsets a very high proportion of the economic benefit of reducing the use of tobacco products. Notably, the arguments rationale assumes an individual consumer making a free and informed choice, but that is a big assumption when the individual in question is addicted to a substance (in this case, nicotine) and has been subjected to a protracted and sophisticated campaign of misleading messaging. I raise this issue not to debate a complicated economic concept but to point out that what appears obvious to a medical or public health professional can look different to people from other vantage points.

Discussing policies related to vaping products would be difficult without this background. In Part 2 of this piece, I will give my personal perspective on the complex issue of regulating vaping products.

Robert M. Califf, MD, MACC, is Vice Chancellor for Health Data Science, Director of Duke Forge, and the Donald F. Fortin Professor of Cardiology at Duke University School of Medicine. He sits on the corporate board for Cytokinetics and is board chair for the People-Centered Research Foundation. He is also employed as an advisor by Verily Life Sciences (Alphabet).

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Should the federal government regulate vaping? - AAMC

Turmeric: what are the benefits and is it good for you? – The Irish Times

Have you noticed lattes, ice cream and smoothies with a tawny hue? That could be a sign of a not-so-secret ingredient: turmeric. The botanical is omnipresent in health food aisles, in the form of pills and powders.

Turmeric, native to South Asia, is one of the fastest-growing dietary supplements. In 2018, products racked up an estimated 300 million in sales in the United States, a more than sevenfold increase from a decade earlier, according to a report from Nutrition Business Journal.

Brightening up the pantries of many homes in India, the spice is interwoven into daily life, the cuisine, and cultural and healing traditions. A member of the ginger family, it has been used in ayurvedic medicine for thousands of years. Apply turmeric to wounds, and its believed to fight infection. Mix it with milk, and the mind calms. Tint the entrance of new homes with a paste to welcome prosperity.

Turmeric is auspicious and one of the most important herbs, said Anupama Kizhakkeveettil, a board member of the National Ayurvedic Medical Association.

Sliced open, or dried into a spice, the Curcuma longa plant imparts its amber colour and earthy, bitter flavour to food like curry. The active ingredient captured in many turmeric supplements is curcumin. Curcumin, along with the other curcuminoid compounds, compose only about 3 per cent of the dried spice.

And bottles will often say turmeric on the front but list curcumin in the ingredients.

Turmeric is hailed for helping a host of conditions: high cholesterol, hay fever, depression, gingivitis, premenstrual syndrome and even hangovers. In ayurvedic medicine, it is believed to act as an anti-viral, anti-bacterial and anti-parasitic, and has long been used to help with diabetes, pain, rheumatism, osteoarthritis, memory and skin conditions like eczema.

We use it for so many different conditions, its a time-tested herb, Kizhakkeveettil said. Unfortunately, our science doesnt fit into complete randomised controlled trials. That is alternative medicines biggest challenge.

Researchers sought to answer this by sifting through the available literature. In a 2017 paper in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, they concluded its fools gold. There are claims that it can cure everything, said Kathryn Nelson, a research assistant professor at the University of Minnesota and the studys lead author. To me, that is a red flag.

Dr Amit Garg, a professor of medicine at Western University in London, Ontario, knew about turmerics medicinal use because of his Indian heritage. He knew first hand of its rich cultural significance too: on his wedding day, his relatives rubbed the spice all over him because it is believed to be cleansing.

After seeing the effectiveness of curcumin, in smaller studies, Garg and his colleagues decided to test it on a larger scale in hopes it would make elective aortic surgery safer by reducing the risk of complications, which include heart attacks, kidney injury and death. In the randomised clinical trial that followed, about half of the 606 patients were administered 2,000 milligrams of curcumin eight times over for four days, while the others were given a placebo. It was a bit disappointing, but we couldnt demonstrate any benefit used in this setting, Garg said of the study, published last year in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

In fact, there is not enough reliable evidence in humans to recommend turmeric or curcumin for any condition, according to the US National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health. Turmeric became a nutritional golden child partly because of its promise in laboratory studies cellular and animal. Some research indicates that both turmeric and curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric supplements, have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-viral and anti-parasitic activity. But this has mostly been demonstrated in laboratory studies, and, in many cases, the benefits of preclinical research isnt observed in clinical trials.

According to Natural Medicines, a database that provides monographs for dietary supplements, herbal medicines, and complementary and integrative therapies, while some clinical evidence shows that curcumin might be beneficial for depression, hay fever, hyperlipidemia, ulcerative colitis, osteoarthritis and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, its still too early to recommend the compound for any of these conditions.

And Natural Medicines has found there isnt enough good scientific evidence to rate turmeric or curcumins use for memory, diabetes, fatigue, rheumatoid arthritis, gingivitis, joint pain, PMS, eczema or hangovers.

Physicians say more research is needed. Dr Gary Small, a professor of psychiatry and biobehavioral sciences at the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, who studies curcumins effect on memory, sees a lot of therapeutic potential. He also states that existing research demonstrates curcumins biological effects.

What may be affecting curcumins efficacy, doctors say, is that it is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. In Indian cooking, turmeric is usually heated in a fat, like oil, which can increase absorption. Certain supplement manufacturers are also taking steps to improve this curcumins bioavailability by combining the compound with other components. For instance, a chemical found in black pepper called piperine is sometimes added to curcumin supplements in proprietary blends to increase its absorption.

Researching curcumin can be challenging because some blends have better bioavailability than others, and varying amounts of the active ingredient. If you did the study over and over again but used slightly different preparations, you would probably have different results, said Dr Janet Funk, a professor of medicine at the University of Arizona College of Medicine, who studies curcumins effect on bone.

Still, even if absorption improved, curcumin would not have any biological effects, Nelson contends. Turmeric may still have health benefits, she said, but they just may be from another compound or combination of compounds.

Consuming it by mouth is safe, up to 2g of turmeric daily for a year, and 4g daily of curcumin for a month, according to Natural Medicines. Turmeric aficionados who also use it as a face mask can relax too; the database indicates it is most likely safe to apply to the skin.

Doctors recommend that patients tell a physician they are taking turmeric. High doses of turmeric and its isolated constituents can have some rather unpleasant side effects, including diarrhea and nausea. Curcumin may also interact with anti-coagulants and anti-platelets, antacids, and drugs used for chemotherapy and to control blood pressure. While the spice is considered safe in food, therapeutic doses should be avoided during pregnancy.

The US Food and Drug Administration does not test dietary supplements such as turmeric for safety and effectiveness but announced this year that it would improve oversight of the growing industry.

One study published in 2018 in Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, found that the cheaper the turmeric product, the more likely it was to have chemical compounds suggestive of synthetic curcumin; and products with turmeric root were more likely to have higher lead levels. One sample exceeded recommended limits for lead.

How about all those turmeric lattes? Doctorssay that sprinkling a little bit of the bitter spice into frothed milk doesnt have proven health benefits. But that doesnt mean it isnt delicious.

As for Garg, he is not closing the bottle cap on curcumin. To wit: he is in the middle of a randomised study with a different preparation and dosing to see if curcumin prevents the progression of kidney disease. There are still many promising things about curcumin and turmeric, he said. I remain open-minded. New York Times

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Turmeric: what are the benefits and is it good for you? - The Irish Times

Class in session: Health food workshops in demand, says store owner – SooToday.com

Two years ago, when Shonna Saari took ownership of the Country Way Health Food Store on Brock Street, she had a new vision in mind to build community through health literacy and education.

While the store has been in operation for a total of 42 years, Saari has used her ownership to heighten the stores profile and its passion for hosting health seminars had attracted attention.

For the first two years, we really just worked on establishing ourselves as a business, says Saari. But during the past six months, weve been able to focusmuch more on our workshops.

These have included partnering with an arthritis support group, who asked holistic nutritionist (and store employee) Sophie Storozuk to present on reducing joint pain through nutritional supplements.

The store has also partnered with Marilyn Dennis Show regular Karlene Karst. The author of This Kitchen Is For Dancing was invited by Saari to come to give two separate talks at Quattro an event that drew 100 participants locally.

The first talk was on healthy fats and the most recent one was on a variety of topics, like easy ways to incorporate healthy foods into your everyday routine, says Saari.

But the Country Way also draws on its local expertise. Brittany Nicholson, a holistic nutritionist and store employee, will be offering a Do It Yourself Kombucha Night on Nov. 28.

Kombucha, a fermented tea, has become famous for its rich antioxidant dose and probiotic composition and is offered for free to shoppers who come in to browse at the store.

Now local agencies have come to the Country Way to request seminars. The next one coming up is a presentation we are doing in partnership with Women in Crisis, says Saari. They approached us to do an educational workshop on supplements, teas, and other health offerings that help with stress reduction and inflammation problems.

Saari says she will be bringing samples from the store for women to try.

One unique item Saari plans on bringing is the little known chaga mushroom. Annanda Chaga, a Sault-owned business, has been distributing the product for a few years now in various forms from chaga mushroom chunks to powders to tinctures. The mushroom, which grows on the side of birch trees, is a powerful anti-oxidant that helps a variety of ailments.

Everything that I have in the store has been certified through Health Canada, says Saari. Chaga is one of a few products shell be introducing to the residents of Women in Crisis.

Supporting local businesses is truly my passion and I feature products from over 30 local vendors in the store, says Saari.

Local honey, maple syrup, bone broth, sauekraut, local beef, local bison, and even local pottery are just a few products in the store.

We also welcome those new to health and wellness to the store to ask questions, says Saari. Thats what health literacy is all about.

We're looking for ideas! Know about a new health and wellness trendthat should be featured in this column? Let us know atnews@sootoday.com

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Class in session: Health food workshops in demand, says store owner - SooToday.com

My time in The Vamps was overshadowed by my eating disorder – Metro.co.uk

For each of the career highlights that I remember, theres a mountain of dread that hangs underneath (Picture: Mike Lewis Photography/Redferns)

If the average persons career was a line graph, there would be several stand-out moments that jut up above the line.

We all know them: the time you impressed the boss by solving something others couldnt, the time you handed in that project you toiled over, the work social where someone drank too much.

I wont begin to try and convince you that my career, as a member of The Vamps, is the norm, but bear with me. Like everyone else, Ive been lucky enough to experience especially memorable moments over the years including releasing five top 10 singles and a number one album, and being the first band to headline Londons O2 Arena five years in a row.

But for me, those stand-out moments were completely overshadowed by an eating disorder.

In the thousands of interviews weve had since 2011, we frequently get asked if any of us have any major regrets. Typically, I tend to brush this off with something playful and hollow; something like not trying to date half of LA, or forgetting to pack my toothbrush when we toured with Taylor Swift.

The truth? I regret running, pretending, denying that I had a problem with food. For each of those career highlights that I remember, theres a mountain of dread that hangs underneath. The line chart is merely a series of peaks disguising a darker reality beneath the surface.

To the public, the pictures printed in the press when we celebrated our number one album in 2016 looked like success. Champagne, posh London hotel, laughter. The Vamps boys were on top of the world.

Looking back now kills me, because I can finally see just how wasted that whole period was for me. I might have physically been there but my mind wasnt it was echoing around empty corridors in my head, questioning whether I could get to the gym later to burn off the extra alcoholic calories, or better yet, whether I could skip the celebratory dinner with the record label to shave off an extra 1000.

I may as well have not even been in The Vamps then. I was a shell of my former self: short-tempered, bad mannered, and shallow. I was obsessed with myself, critiquing every angle in the mirror, judging my happiness on whether my arms looked toned enough on a given morning.

Ironically, I was so transfixed on myself that I failed to register how much I was neglecting my overall wellbeing. I added creatine powder to lifting weights and came up with happiness as the answer. I couldnt have been more wrong.

Happiness is not obsessing over food and supplements from the moment you wake up; its not spending two hours a day in the gym in the hope to be accepted. It took me a long time to realise that the genuine key to happiness is accepting yourself.

Happiness is not obsessing over food and supplements from the moment you wake up

It took me 24 years to recognise that spiralling around a vicious cycle of food and lifting weights was never going to result in genuine satisfaction. I could always lift more and eat less, and Id still find myself staring disappointedly staring into a mirror.

Acknowledging the flaws in severe dieting and obsessive work-out plans was fundamental to my recovery. Sure, I can still enjoy eating healthily and going to the gym, but I have to constantly remain conscious of when that obsession begins creeping in again which it so frequently does.

Ultimately, I see this issue as an addiction, and it must therefore be viewed with the appropriate seriousness.

I realised recently that I fell into a slightly obscure category of society. Primarily, Im a musician. However, in the wonderfully weird world of social media, I find myself approaching 2020 with approximately 3,000,000 followers. That apparently makes me influential. Like my mental health, I ignored the importance of this for years.

Vocalising my emotions caused an immediate ripple across my social channels, spurring me to research male mental health.

I was shocked, particularly with the statistics around men and eating disorders. The fact that 45 per cent of men in the UK are dissatisfied with their body image and that 17 per cent of men in the UK are on an extreme diet because of this is staggering.

Actively addressing my own situation was the only way I was eventually able to break out of my self-perpetuating rut. Communication was the key for me, and thats why Im so keen to partner with TOMs and The Mix.

Together were launching the Body and Soul Club, a digital community where young people can talk about healthy approaches to body image and masculinity.

We must campaign for change, and encourage more men to air their struggles.

If you suspect you, a family member or friend has an eating disorder, contact Beat on 0808 801 0677 or at help@beateatingdisorders.org.uk, for information and advice on the best way to get appropriate treatment

The Mix offers essential support for under-25s, covering a broad spectrum of issues including drug abuse, homelessness, and mental health. Get in touch with them here.

Find out how you can get involved in the Body and Soul Club here.

MORE: Yes, men get eating disorders my brother died from his

MORE: How can social media have a less toxic effect on our body image and mental health?

MORE: Kids will keep developing eating disorders until we address our relationship with food

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My time in The Vamps was overshadowed by my eating disorder - Metro.co.uk

Why we don’t know what to eat to stay healthy – Politico

With help from Mona Zhang

Editor's Note: This edition of Morning Agriculture is published weekdays at 10 a.m. POLITICO Pro Agriculture subscribers hold exclusive early access to the newsletter each morning at 6 a.m. Learn more about POLITICO Pro's comprehensive policy intelligence coverage, policy tools and services at http://www.politicopro.com.

Even in an increasingly health-conscious America, the federal government has devoted only a tiny fraction of its research dollars to nutrition, a POLITICO investigation found. Meanwhile, consumers are confused about what to eat and increasingly suffering from diet-related diseases.

The FDA on Thursday announced new tools for detecting worrisome non-stick chemicals, known as PFAS, in the food supply.

Billionaire activist and Democratic presidential contender Tom Steyer is rolling out his platform for rural America today, and MA has the scoop.

A message from the National Confectioners Association:

#AlwaysATreat: It's the Halloween season, and we want to make sure you enjoy your favorite treats with no tricks. Were coming together to help people manage their sugar intake and ensure that they feel empowered to make informed choices when enjoying their favorite treats. Learn more at AlwaysATreat.com/HalloweenCentral

HAPPY FRIDAY, NOV. 1! Welcome to Morning Ag, where your host loves Brussels sprouts and is thankful for the genetic breeding that made them tasty! Send news tips to cboudreau@politico.com and @ceboudreau, and follow us @Morning_Ag.

WHY WE DONT KNOW WHAT TO EAT TO STAY HEALTHY: Nutrition research is an afterthought in Washington even though diet-related diseases like obesity and Type 2 diabetes are skyrocketing, threatening the fiscal sustainability of the U.S. health care system, reports your host and Pro Ags Helena Bottemiller Evich.

A POLITICO analysis of federal budget documents dating back decades reveals that NIH and USDA, as a share of their overall research dollars, are shrinking investments in nutrition. NIH in 2018 invested $1.8 billion, or just under 5 percent of its total budget. USDAs Agricultural Research Service spends much less: Just $88 million was devoted to nutrition last year, or a little more than 7 percent of its overall research portfolio virtually the same as in 1983 when adjusted for inflation.

To boot, theres a lack of federal leadership on nutrition research, no major lobbying force on Capitol Hill, and a nutrition science community that finds itself fighting over whether public health enemy No. 1 is processed carbs or fat or sodium or sugar. Meanwhile, consumers get a regular dose of whiplash on diet advice: One day coffee is healthy, the next its not; red wine is good for your heart, or maybe not; cheese is either a healthy source of protein and calcium, or a dangerous overdose of fat and salt.

This has prompted calls for establishing a National Institute of Nutrition, to be housed under NIH. Leading that effort is Joon Yun, a Silicon Valley investor better known for putting up millions to spur innovations to end aging. He and two high-profile allies Dariush Mozaffarian, dean of Tufts Universitys nutrition school, and David Kessler, who led the FDA during the George H.W. Bush and Clinton administrations are trying to build momentum on Capitol Hill.

I dont think we can afford not to have a National Institute of Nutrition, Yun said. Pros, read the profile from yours truly and Helena here.

FDA HAS A NEW WAY TO TEST FOR PFAS IN FOOD: The agency on Thursday announced it has a scientifically validated method for testing 16 different types of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, or PFAS, in food a significant step for FDA and state health and environmental authorities that are trying to determine how much Americans are exposed to the chemicals through their diet.

As part of this effort, the FDA in June released the preliminary results of PFAS testing in a limited sampling of foods, including from areas specifically affected by PFAS environmental contamination and the general food supply, via a routine program monitoring about 800 contaminants in the average U.S. diet. After applying the validated testing method to the initial results which detected PFAS, in many cases at very low levels, in 14 out of 91 samples the FDA said thats been revised to only two out of the 91 samples.

The new results: PFAS, after initially being detected in a range of foods, was only present in ground turkey and tilapia. It was also detected in milk and produce from areas with known environmental contamination; the milk was discarded and didnt enter the food supply, while the agency determined the concentrations in produce were so low they werent a human health concern.

Curious case of chocolate cake: The preliminary testing also showed extremely high levels of PFAS in chocolate cake. However, FDA determined that chocolate appears to produce false positives. To avoid this, the new validated testing includes an additional step to confirm measurements.

There are nearly 5,000 types of PFAS, which since the 1940s have been used in everything from Teflon cookware to food packaging. PFAS have been dubbed forever chemicals because they can take thousands of years to degrade. Theyre found in about 99.8 percent of Americans blood, and several of the most well-studied are linked to kidney and testicular cancer, thyroid disease and other ailments.

STEYER UNVEILS PLAN FOR RURAL AMERICA: The billionaire activist is rolling out his Partnership with Rural America platform today, and MA got a sneak preview. Steyer joins many of his 2020 Democratic rivals in calling for the agriculture sector to address the climate crisis, pledging to spend $50 billion helping growers adopt climate-smart practices, $75 billion building green water infrastructure and $20 billion reforming land conservation easement tax credits.

He also set a goal for agriculture to be carbon neutral by 2045, aided by revenue-generating market mechanisms that would direct at least 50 percent of the proceeds to disadvantaged communities and small- and mid-sized farmers. (Check out a profile of Steyer from POLITICOs Eugene Daniels.)

Steyer wants to establish an Office of Rural Affairs in the White House, which would coordinate his plans for the health care system, such as preventing hospital closures in remote areas while investing $100 billion over a decade in mental health and $75 billion to combat the opioid epidemic. It would also expand rural housing programs.

Support for clean energy and public lands initiatives are Steyers most robust financial commitments, where he would spend upward of $200 billion. The candidate did not detail how he plans to fund much of his rural platform, however.

EXCLUSIVE: HEMP ORG RELEASES NEW GUIDANCE: Third-party certification organization U.S. Hemp Authority is releasing new guidance procedures today, Pro Cannabis Mona Zhang has learned. The guidance establishes definitions for labels often found on cannabidiol, or CBD, products like full spectrum and takes cues from the FDAs regulations on food, supplements and cosmetics (although the agency has yet to release rules for CBD).

Amid the regulatory limbo, some in the hemp industry have taken steps to self-regulate. The goal, the organizations President Marielle Weintraub said, is to avoid what I refer to as a 60 Minutes moment where one company does something that brings down this entire industry, because it is under a microscope. Weintraub added that to keep up with CBDs rapid sales growth, her group plans to regularly update the guidelines.

USDA released its own interim hemp rules on Tuesday, but many issues still havent been addressed by federal regulators, including contaminant testing, seed certification and labeling.

The FDA on Thursday announced that an E. coli outbreak involving 23 illnesses was likely associated with romaine lettuce. No deaths were reported and the outbreak appears to be over, the agency said. However, it communicated details to help ensure full awareness by the public and to highlight the ongoing importance of industry actions to ensure the safety of leafy greens.

The Senate on Thursday passed a bipartisan package of fiscal 2020 spending bills that cover USDA and FDA, Pro Budgets Caitlin Emma and Jennifer Scholtes report. But lawmakers are still tangling over the vast majority of government funding, including over President Donald Trumps border wall, as a Nov. 21 deadline looms.

The Trump administration plans to keep some tariffs on Chinese goods for another three years, Pro Trades Doug Palmer reports, based on a Federal Register notice set to be published today.

Around 1 in 4 of the worlds pigs are expected to die from African swine fever, according to the World Organization for Animal Health in Paris. Read the story from POLITICO Europes Arthur Neslen.

Global commodity traders ADM, Bunge and Cargill are sustaining more damage from the U.S.-China trade war, reporting lower quarterly earnings in recent weeks, The Wall Street Journal reports.

A message from the National Confectioners Association:

#AlwaysATreat: At Halloween and throughout the year, were making sure that consumers have more information, options and support with smaller pack sizes, clear calorie labels and even more information online. And since 90 percent of parents use Halloween to talk to their children about balance, this month is the perfect time to talk about little treats with your little ones. Did you know most people in the U.S. enjoy chocolate and candy 2-3 times per week, averaging just 40 calories per day, including during candy moments like Halloween? To provide consumers and parents with more support this Halloween, weve developed a set of digital resources to help make this season a little less spooky. Learn more at AlwaysATreat.com/HalloweenCentral.

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Why we don't know what to eat to stay healthy - Politico

Type 2 diabetes: Eating this food could help manage diabetes and dementia – what is it? – Express

The importance of exercise

The findings were reported in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition.

This discovery has been welcomed by Nicki Bundock, of Surrey-based firm CurraNZ, the UKs leading supplier of New Zealand blackcurrants supplements.

Nicki explains: "Regular exercise is one of the best ways to reduce your chances of health problems like heart disease or type 2 diabetes.

But if youre not an active person, starting an exercise plan and actually sticking with it can be incredibly difficult.

Studies have shown more than half of us drop out of exercise plans after just six months, reverting to inactive lifestyles.

And its therefore vital we find ways to make exercise more tolerable and enjoyable.

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Type 2 diabetes: Eating this food could help manage diabetes and dementia - what is it? - Express

Vitamin D deficiency: The sign in your eye that could signal you are lacking the vitamin – Express

Vitamin D is created by the body from direct sunlight on the skin when outdoors, so people must make sure they get enough exposure to the sun to top up the vitamin. Certain groups are at risk of running a vitamin D deficiency, however, which can cause a number of bodily changes.

It is well understood that lacking the nutrient can lead to bone deformities such as rickets in children, and bone pain caused by a condition called osteomalacia in adults.

In addition to bone problems, evidence published in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases also revealed a strong association between low levels of the vitamin and dry eyes.

According to Mayo Clinic, dry eyes is a common condition that occurs when your tears aren't able to provide adequate lubrication for your eyes, which can cause discomfort, such as a stinging or burning sensation.

The study researchers hypothesised that the link to vitamin D levels is attributed to its anti-inflammatory properties - tear gland damage from inflammation is one of common causes of dry eyes.

In addition, the researchers proposed that vitamin D may help prevent dry eyes by inducing cathelicidin, an anti-microbial protein that can be produced by cells in the eyes and heal eye wounds.

In order to test this hypothesis, researchers compared the prevalence and symptom severity of dry eyes between 50 vitamin D deficient (levels less than 20 ng/ml or 50 nmol/l) women and 48 vitamin D sufficient (levels greater than or equal to 20 ng/ml or 50 nmol/l) women.

The researchers only included pre-menopausal women, since postmenopausal hormonal changes have been found to be associated with dry eye.

READ MOREVitamin B12 deficiency symptoms: The warning sign in your hands you could be lacking B12

Foods which contain vitamin D include:

As most of these foods are animal products, its harder to get vitamin D from food if you are vegan or vegetarian.

As most of these foods are animal products, its harder to get vitamin D from food if you are vegan or vegetarian, notes the NHS but calcium - the key mineral found in vitamin D - can be found in other foods.

These include:

Vitamin D can also be taken in supplement form, and the Department of Health recommends that you take a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D throughout the year if you:

It added: If you have dark skin for example you have an African, African-Caribbean or south Asian background you may also not get enough vitamin D from sunlight.

You should consider taking a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms of vitamin D throughout the year.

The NHS advises against taking too many vitamin D supplements a long period of time as this can cause too much calcium to build up in the body.

This can weaken the bones and damage the kidneys and the heart, so if you choose to take vitamin D supplements, 10 micrograms a day will be enough for most people, says the health body.

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Vitamin D deficiency: The sign in your eye that could signal you are lacking the vitamin - Express

Class in session: Health food workshops in demand, says store owner – SooToday.com

Two years ago, when Shonna Saari took ownership of the Country Way Health Food Store on Brock Street, she had a new vision in mind to build community through health literacy and education.

While the store has been in operation for a total of 42 years, Saari has used her ownership to heighten the stores profile and its passion for hosting health seminars had attracted attention.

For the first two years, we really just worked on establishing ourselves as a business, says Saari. But during the past six months, weve been able to focusmuch more on our workshops.

These have included partnering with an arthritis support group, who asked holistic nutritionist (and store employee) Sophie Storozuk to present on reducing joint pain through nutritional supplements.

The store has also partnered with Marilyn Dennis Show regular Karlene Karst. The author of This Kitchen Is For Dancing was invited by Saari to come to give two separate talks at Quattro an event that drew 100 participants locally.

The first talk was on healthy fats and the most recent one was on a variety of topics, like easy ways to incorporate healthy foods into your everyday routine, says Saari.

But the Country Way also draws on its local expertise. Brittany Nicholson, a holistic nutritionist and store employee, will be offering a Do It Yourself Kombucha Night on Nov. 28.

Kombucha, a fermented tea, has become famous for its rich antioxidant dose and probiotic composition and is offered for free to shoppers who come in to browse at the store.

Now local agencies have come to the Country Way to request seminars. The next one coming up is a presentation we are doing in partnership with Women in Crisis, says Saari. They approached us to do an educational workshop on supplements, teas, and other health offerings that help with stress reduction and inflammation problems.

Saari says she will be bringing samples from the store for women to try.

One unique item Saari plans on bringing is the little known chaga mushroom. Annanda Chaga, a Sault-owned business, has been distributing the product for a few years now in various forms from chaga mushroom chunks to powders to tinctures. The mushroom, which grows on the side of birch trees, is a powerful anti-oxidant that helps a variety of ailments.

Everything that I have in the store has been certified through Health Canada, says Saari. Chaga is one of a few products shell be introducing to the residents of Women in Crisis.

Supporting local businesses is truly my passion and I feature products from over 30 local vendors in the store, says Saari.

Local honey, maple syrup, bone broth, sauekraut, local beef, local bison, and even local pottery are just a few products in the store.

We also welcome those new to health and wellness to the store to ask questions, says Saari. Thats what health literacy is all about.

We're looking for ideas! Know about a new health and wellness trendthat should be featured in this column? Let us know atnews@sootoday.com

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Class in session: Health food workshops in demand, says store owner - SooToday.com

2nd Annual Survey of Registered Dietitian Reveals Two-Thirds of Dietitians Recommend Food and Supplements to their Clients and the Majority Take…

SPRING, Texas, Oct. 25, 2019 /PRNewswire/ --For the majority of health care professionals, food will always come first, but supplements do still have a place. In Trust Transparency Center's 2019 Registered Dietitian Insights Survey of 200 US-based registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) released today, 66% of RDNs stated they recommend both food and supplements to their clients and 70% personally take supplements four times or more per week.

Dietitian personal supplement usageThe top 10 supplements dietitians reported they personally used were:

1. Multivitamins/multivitamin injections (50%)2. Vitamin D (43%)3. Fish Oil/Omega/Krill (26%)4. Calcium (25%)5. Probiotics (17%)6. Vitamin C (10%)7. Protein (8%)8. Biotin (8%)9. Minerals (7%)10.B Complex (6%)

These dietitians primarily rely on their own research when deciding to take supplements, with dietary deficiencies being the biggest concern (52%), followed by personal research (49%) and personal physician recommendation (31%). Other reasons for taking supplements include condition specific concerns such as inflammation, energy, GI issues, etc.

Dietitian Education and Knowledge of Supplements Most dietitians surveyed were formally educated on the use of supplements, generally while obtaining their nutrition degree (73%) followed through by continuing education (60%). They stay informed regarding supplements via continuing education, medical journals, and colleagues.

Regarding nutritional ingredients, the supplementation conversation may need to extend to functional foods in order to appeal to dietitians that prefer food solutions.

Supplement Recommendations to Patients and ClientsOver three quarters of dietitians recommend supplements to 25% or more of their clients, and dietitians who use more supplements themselves are more likely to recommend them to their patients. The most popular reasons for making recommendations include dietary deficiencies, poor nutrition, caloric needs, wound care, GI or renal problems, and old age. The top five supplements they recommend are:

Dietitians are also increasing their recommendations for specialty supplements such as prebiotics, CoQ10, curcumin/turmeric and collagen. These recommendations are being driven by an increase in research in these categories and dietitians being better informed.

"Americans are generally failing with their diets and physicians have self-reported they're not equipped to address dietary concerns. Dietitians are the optimal conduit to educating people on nutritional needs and supplements have a clear place as part of other healthy lifestyle changes," said Traci Kantowski, Certified Health Coach and Trust Transparency Center's Communications Director. "This research shows that dietitians are taking supplements themselves and recommending them, but will benefit from more education."

TTC conducts this dietitian survey and other insight research on an annual basis. TTC will be sharing these insights and other information on behalf of the Global Prebiotic Association, Global Curcumin Association and the Coconut Coalition of the Americas at Booth #964 at the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (AND) Food and Nutrition Conference and Expo (FNCE) in Philadelphia October 27 to 29, 2019. Learn more at TrustTransparency.com.

Media Contact:Traci Kantowski, 630-923-0211, 227950@email4pr.com

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SOURCE Trust Transparency Center

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2nd Annual Survey of Registered Dietitian Reveals Two-Thirds of Dietitians Recommend Food and Supplements to their Clients and the Majority Take...


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