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What are Food Supplements and Who Needs Them?: (EUFIC)

Last Updated : 12 April 2013

There are numerous food supplements on the market, but whom are they for? When are they beneficial, ineffective or even harmful? In this article we explore the general recommendations on taking food supplements.

The idea behind food supplements, also called dietary or nutritional supplements, is to deliver nutrients that may not be consumed in sufficient quantities. Food supplements can be vitamins, minerals, amino acids, fatty acids, and other substances delivered in the form of pills, tablets, capsules, liquid, etc.1 Supplements are available in a range of doses, and in different combinations. However, only a certain amount of each nutrient is needed for our bodies to function, and higher amounts are not necessarily better. At high doses, some substances may have adverse effects, and may become harmful. For the reason of safeguarding consumers health, supplements can therefore only be legally sold with an appropriate daily dose recommendation, and a warning statement not to exceed that dose.

Supplement use varies in Europe. For example it is common in Germany and Denmark (43% and 59% of the adult population respectively) but is less so in Ireland and Spain (23% and 9% respectively). Women use supplements more than men.2,3,4,5,6

Supplements are not a substitute for a balanced healthy diet.1 A diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, adequate protein, and healthy fats should normally provide all the nutrients needed for good health. Most European countries agree that messages aimed at the general public should focus on food-based dietary guidelines.7 Supplements do not feature in these guidelines, but there are certain population groups or individuals who may need advice about supplements, even when they eat a healthy balanced diet, i.e. women of childbearing age, individuals on specific medications.

Partly due to our modern lifestyle, not everyone manages to eat a healthy diet. In Europe, dietary surveys have suggested that there are suboptimal intakes for several micronutrients.2,8 The EU-funded EURRECA project found inadequate intakes for vitamin C, vitamin D, folic acid, calcium, selenium and iodine.9 A recent comparison of national surveys showed widespread concern about vitamin D intakes, whereas certain age groups are more likely to have low intakes of minerals.2 For example, there is concern about adequate intakes of iron amongst teenage girls in Denmark, France, Poland, Germany and the UK.2 Poor iron status in young women also increases the risk of infants being born with low-birth weight, iron deficiency and delayed brain development.10 Folate status is also critical for women who may become pregnant. They are advised to take folic acid before conception, and continue for the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. An adequate folate status can decrease the risk of having a baby with neural tube defects such as spina bifida. Recent research suggests that 5070% of Europeans have poor vitamin D status.2,11,12 Since vitamin D status is dependent not only on dietary intake but also exposure to UV light, there may be a stronger case for advising supplements for vitamin D in Northern European countries. In some countries (including UK, Ireland, the Netherlands and Sweden) there are already recommendations for certain groups in the population to take a vitamin D supplement, although there are calls for more research.

Other common concerns are shown in Table 1, although groups considered at risk are not the same in different countries.

Population group

Nutrients

People over age 50

Vitamin D, Vitamin B12, folate

Frail elderly may benefit from a low-dose multivitamin supplement.

Women of childbearing age

Folic acid and vitamin D, possibly iron

Children under age 5

Vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin D, although children with a good appetite who eat a wide variety of food may not need them.

Breastfeeding individuals

Vitamin D

People with insufficient sun exposure or darker skin

Vitamin D

Vegans

Vitamin B12, vitamin D2

Particular risks for specific population groups Despite having a role in the health of some individuals, not all supplements are useful for everybody. In fact, for some people, it is not advisable to take certain supplements, in particular in high doses. Some studies show multivitamins can contribute to an increased risk of excessive nutrient intakes, and it has been suggested that multivitamins should be formulated with greater consideration for the intakes of micronutrients from foods.2 Individuals should pay particular attention to reading the label and assure that a supplement is suitable for them. For pregnant woman, for example, supplements containing vitamin A (retinol) including fish liver oil may be harmful and cause birth defects if the recommended dose is greatly exceeded, or exceeded over an extended period of time.

Studies have also highlighted that smokers should be wary of some supplements, in particular high doses of beta-carotene. The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has considered the evidence in this area and has concluded that exposure to -carotene below 15 mg/day is safe in the general population, including smokers.13

Some population groups are advised to take specific supplements. The overall message is: follow a healthy, balanced diet, carefully read labels of supplements and fortified foods, and avoid taking multiple doses that exceed the Recommended Daily Amounts (RDAs). In case of doubt, seek advice from a dietitian or medical doctor before choosing a dietary supplement.

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What are Food Supplements and Who Needs Them?: (EUFIC)

Dietary Supplements – National Institute on Aging

Bill is retired and lives alone. Often, hes just not hungry or is too tired to fix a whole meal. Does he need a multivitamin, or should he take one of those dietary supplements he sees in ads everywhere? Bill wonders if they workwill one help keep his joints healthy or another give him more energy? And, are they safe?

Dietary supplements are substances you might use to add nutrients to your diet or to lower your risk of health problems, like osteoporosis or arthritis. Dietary supplements come in the form of pills, capsules, powders, gel tabs, extracts, or liquids. They might contain vitamins, minerals, fiber, amino acids, herbs or other plants, or enzymes. Sometimes, the ingredients in dietary supplements are added to foods, including drinks. A doctors prescription is not needed to buy dietary supplements.

Eating a variety of healthy foods is the best way to get the nutrients you need. However, some people dont get enough vitamins and minerals from their daily diet, and their doctors may recommend a supplement. Dietary supplements may provide nutrients that might be missing from your daily diet.

Talk with your doctor before taking any supplements. Some supplements can change how medicines you may already be taking will work. If your doctor recommends a dietary supplement for you, make sure youre getting the brand recommended by the doctor and that you take it as directed.

Do you wonder if you need a dietary supplement? Maybe you do, but usually not. Ask yourself why you think you might want to take a dietary supplement. Are you concerned about getting enough nutrients? Is a friend, a neighbor, or someone on a commercial suggesting you take one? Some ads for dietary supplements in magazines, online, or on TV seem to promise that these supplements will make you feel better, keep you from getting sick, or even help you live longer. Often, there is little, if any, good scientific research supporting these claims. Supplements may cost a lot, could be harmful, or simply might not be helpful. Talk to your doctor or a registered dietitian for advice.

People over age 50 may need more of some vitamins and minerals than younger adults do. Your doctor or a dietitian can tell you whether you need to change your diet or take a vitamin or mineral supplement to get enough of these:

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2015-2020 recommend how much of each vitamin and mineral men and women of different ages need. Sometimes, too much of a vitamin or mineral can be harmful. Most, if not all, of your daily vitamins and minerals should come from food.

Vitamin B122.4 mcg (micrograms) each day. If you are taking medicine for acid reflux, you might need a different form, which your healthcare provider can give you.

CalciumWomen over age 50 need 1,200 mg (milligrams) each day. Men need 1,000 mg between age 51 and 70 and 1,200 mg after 70, but not more than 2,000 mg a day.

Vitamin D600 IU (International Units) for people age 51 to 70 and 800 IU for those over 70, but not more than 4,000 IU each day.

Vitamin B61.7 mg for men and 1.5 mg for women each day.

When thinking about whether you need more of a vitamin or mineral, think about how much of each nutrient you get from food and drinks, as well as from any supplements you take. Check with a doctor or dietitian to learn whether you need to supplement your diet.

You might hear about antioxidants in the news. These are natural substances in food that might help protect you from some diseases. Here are some common sources of antioxidants that you should be sure to include in your diet:

Right now, research results suggest that large doses of supplements with antioxidants will not prevent chronic diseases such as heart disease or diabetes. In fact, some studies have shown that taking large doses of some antioxidants could be harmful. Again, it is best to check with your doctor before taking a dietary supplement.

Herbal supplements are dietary supplements that come from plants.

A few that you may have heard of are gingko biloba, ginseng, echinacea, and black cohosh. Researchers are looking at using herbal supplements to prevent or treat some health problems. Its too soon to know if herbal supplements are both safe and useful. But, studies of some have not shown benefits.

Scientists are still working to answer this question. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) checks prescription medicines, such as antibiotics or blood pressure medicines, to make sure they are safe and do what they promise. The same is true for over-the-counter drugs like pain and cold medicines.

The FDA does not have authority over dietary supplements in the same way it does prescription medicines. The Federal Government does not regularly test what is in dietary supplements, and companies are not required to share information on the safety of a dietary supplement with the FDA before they sell it. The companies are responsible for making sure the supplement is safe, but the FDA does not evaluate the safety of the product before the supplement is sold. So, just because you see a dietary supplement on a store shelf does not mean it is safe, that it does what the label says it will, or that it contains what the label says it contains.

If the FDA receives reports of possible problems with a supplement, it will issue warnings about products that are clearly unsafe. The FDA may also take these supplements off the market. The Federal Trade Commission looks into reports of ads that might misrepresent what dietary supplements do. A few private groups, such as the U.S. Pharmacopeia, NSF International, ConsumerLab.com, and the Natural Products Association, have their own seals of approval for dietary supplements. To get such a seal, products must be made by following good manufacturing procedures, must contain what is listed on the label, and must not have harmful levels of ingredients that dont belong there, like lead.

If you are thinking about using dietary supplements:

When she turned 60, Pearl decided she wanted to stay healthy and active as long as possible. She was careful about what she ate. She became more physically active. Now she takes a long, brisk walk three or four times a week. In bad weather, she joins the mall walkers at the local shopping mall. On nice days, Pearl works in her garden. When she was younger, Pearl stopped smoking and started using a seatbelt. Shes even learning how to use a computer to find healthy recipes. Last month, she turned 84 and danced at her granddaughters wedding!

Try following Pearls examplestick to a healthy diet, be physically active, keep your mind active, dont smoke, see your doctor regularly, and, in most cases, only use dietary supplements suggested by your doctor or pharmacist.

Read about this topic in Spanish. Lea sobre este tema en espaol.

Office of Dietary Supplements National Institutes of Health1-301-435-2920ods@nih.govwww.ods.od.nih.gov

Department of AgricultureFood and Nutrition Information Center1-301-504-5414FNIC@ars.usda.govwww.nal.usda.gov/fnic

Federal Trade Commission1-877-382-4357 (toll-free)1-866-653-4261 (TTY/toll-free)www.consumer.ftc.gov

This content is provided by the National Institute on Aging (NIA), part of the National Institutes of Health. NIA scientists and other experts review this content to ensure that it is accurate, authoritative, and up to date.

Content reviewed: November 30, 2017

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Dietary Supplements - National Institute on Aging

Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know

Many adults and children in the United States take one or more vitamins or other dietary supplements. In addition to vitamins, dietary supplements can contain minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, enzymes, and many other ingredients. Dietary supplements come in a variety of forms, including tablets, capsules, gummies, and powders, as well as drinks and energy bars. Popular supplements include vitamins D and B12; minerals like calcium and iron; herbs such as echinacea and garlic; and products like glucosamine, probiotics, and fish oils.

Products sold as dietary supplements come with a Supplement Facts label that lists the active ingredients, the amount per serving (dose), as well as other ingredients, such as fillers, binders, and flavorings. The manufacturer suggests the serving size, but you or your healthcare provider might decide a different amount is more appropriate for you.

Some dietary supplements can help you get adequate amounts of essential nutrients if you dont eat a nutritious variety of foods. However, supplements cant take the place of the variety of foods that are important to a healthy diet. To learn more about what makes a healthy diet, the Dietary Guidelines for Americans and ChooseMyPlateare good sources of information.

Some dietary supplements can improve overall health and help manage some health conditions. For example:

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not determine whether dietary supplements are effective before they are marketed. Therefore, advertised claims for some supplements might not be backed by scientific evidence.

Many supplements contain active ingredients that can have strong effects in the body. Always be alert to the possibility of unexpected side effects, especially when taking a new product.

You are most likely to have side effects from dietary supplements if you take them at high doses or instead of prescribed medicines, or if you take many different supplements. Some supplements can increase the risk of bleeding or, if taken before surgery, can change your response to anesthesia. Supplements can also interact with some medicines in ways that might cause problems. Here are a few examples:

Manufacturers may add vitamins, minerals, and other supplement ingredients to foods you eat, especially breakfast cereals and beverages. As a result, you may get more of these ingredients than you think, and more might not be better. Taking more than you need costs more and might also raise your risk of side effects. For example, too much vitamin A can cause headaches and liver damage, reduce bone strength, and cause birth defects. Excess iron causes nausea and vomiting and may damage the liver and other organs.

Be cautious about taking dietary supplements if you are pregnant or nursing. Also, be careful about giving supplements to a child, unless recommended by their healthcare provider. Many supplements have not been well tested for safety in pregnant women, nursing mothers, or children.

If you think that you have had a serious reaction from a dietary supplement, let your healthcare provider know. He or she may report your experience to the FDA. You may also submit a report directly to the FDA by calling 800-FDA-1088 or completing an online form. You should also report your reaction to the manufacturer by using the contact information on the product label.

The FDA has established good manufacturing practices (GMPs) that companies must follow to help ensure the identity, purity, strength, and composition of their dietary supplements. These GMPs can prevent adding the wrong ingredient (or too much or too little of the correct ingredient) and reduce the chance of contamination or improper packaging and labeling of a product. The FDA periodically inspects facilities that manufacture supplements.

Several independent organizations offer quality testing and allow products that pass these tests to display a seal of quality assurance that indicates the product was properly manufactured, contains the ingredients listed on the label, and does not contain harmful levels of contaminants. These seals do not guarantee that a product is safe or effective. Organizations that offer quality testing include:

Tell your healthcare providers (including doctors, pharmacists, and dietitians) about any dietary supplements youre taking so that you can discuss whats best for your overall health. They can help you determine which supplements, if any, might be valuable for you.

Keep a complete record of any dietary supplements and medicines you take. The Office of Dietary Supplements (ODS) provides a useful form, "My Dietary Supplement and Medicine Record," that you can print and fill out at home. For each product, note the name, the dose you take, how often you take it, and the reason for use. You can share this record with your healthcare providers to discuss whats best for your overall health. When you see your healthcare provider, you can also bring the products you take.

Dietary supplements are products intended to supplement the diet. They are not medicines and are not intended to treat, diagnose, mitigate, prevent, or cure diseases. The FDA is the federal agency that oversees both supplements and medicines, but the FDA regulations for dietary supplements are different from those for prescription or over-the-counter medicines.

Medicines must be approved by the FDA before they can be sold or marketed. Supplements do not require this approval. Supplement companies are responsible for having evidence that their products are safe, and the label claims are truthful and not misleading. However, as long as the product does not contain a new dietary ingredient (one introduced since October 15, 1994), the company does not have to provide this safety evidence to the FDA before the product is marketed.

Dietary supplement labels may include certain types of health-related claims. Manufacturers are permitted to say, for example, that a supplement promotes health or supports a body function (like immunity or heart health). These claims must be followed by the words, This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Manufacturers must follow GMPs to ensure the identity, purity, strength, and composition of their products. If the FDA finds a dietary supplement to be unsafe, it may remove the product from the marketplace or ask the manufacturer to voluntarily recall the product.

Once a dietary supplement is on the market, the FDA monitors information on the products label and any package insert to make sure that the information is accurate and that any claims made are truthful and not misleading. The Federal Trade Commission, which monitors product advertising, also requires information about a supplement product to be truthful and not misleading.

The federal government can take legal action against companies and websites that sell dietary supplements when the companies make false or deceptive statements about their products, if they promote them as treatments or cures for diseases, or if their products are unsafe.

The National Institutes of Health supports research and provides educational materials on dietary supplements.

The Food and Drug Administration issues rules and regulations and oversees dietary supplement labeling, marketing, and safety. Recall notices are also posted on the FDA webpage or you can subscribe to receive FDA notices of recalls, market withdrawals, and safety alerts.

The Federal Trade Commission regulates health and safety claims made in advertising for dietary supplements.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture provides information on a variety of food and nutrition topics.

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provideswellness information, personal health tools, and health news.

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Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know

Global Dietary Supplements Market to Surpass US$ 290.9 Billion by 2027, owing to rising awareness of its health benefits, Says CMI – GlobeNewswire

SEATTLE, March 31, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- A dietary supplement is consumed to add extra supplements to the diet and is available in different forms such as capsule, pill, tablet, and liquid. Dietary supplements are produced from food sources or can be prepared synthetically. Basically, these products are beneficial in supporting better health while supplementing the diet and providing essential nutrients. Vitamin, mineral, herb or other botanical, amino acid, concentrate, metabolite, and constituent. All these ingredients or combinations of these ingredients can be categorized under dietary supplements. These supplements nourish the overall body and maintain a well-balanced diet in the body. A dietary supplement is also beneficial for pregnant women and for people do consume animal products such as vegetarian and vegans.

The global dietary supplements market is estimated to account for aroundUS$ 149.5 billionin terms of value in the year 2018 and it predicted to grow at a CAGR of 7.7% during the forecast period (2019-2027).

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Drivers:

Growth in the establishment of sports complexes and gymnasiums around the globe is primarily fueling the market growth of dietary supplements. Rising demand for medical nutrition due to growing cases of chronic disorder coupled with the growing number of weight management programs around the globe is also projected to foster market growth. All these factors are estimated to augment the market growth of dietary supplements over the forecast timeframe.

The increasing popularity of e-commerce and m-commerce platform for selling the nutraceutical products which enable easy access to the consumer in term of purchasing the products. This is expected to fuel the market growth of dietary supplements. The growing focus of manufacturers to develop the improved quality of the product in order to deliver the rising need around the globe is further anticipated to foster the market growth of dietary supplements.

Market Opportunities

Growing usage of nutraceutical for mental disorders around the globe will provide lucrative growth opportunities over the forecast period. According to the World Health Organization, 19.1% of U.S. adults experienced mental illness in 2018 (47.6 million people). This represents 1 in 5 adults. Therefore, rising cases of mental disorder are propelling the demand for nutraceutical which in turn augmenting the market growth of dietary supplements.

A high prevalence of digestive health issues is expected to foster the market growth of dietary supplements over the forecast period. According to the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, annually around 14.8 million have been diagnosed with ulcers in the U.S. Thus, rising cases of digestive health issues are projected to provide enormous growth opportunity to the market of dietary supplement over the forecast period.

Key Takeaways:

On the basis of distribution channel, pharmacies & drug stores dominated the dietary supplements market in 2018 with around 40% of market share in terms of revenue, followed by health & beauty stores and direct selling, respectively.

Market Trends

Rising usage of dietary supplements among pregnant women is expected to foster market growth over the forecast period. Dietary supplements with ingredients such as a prenatal multivitamin, vitamin D3, folate, and magnesium are beneficial for pregnant women as this ingredient supports the overall health of pregnant women as well as the fetus. This is expected to augment the market growth of dietary supplements in the near future.

The growing trend of consuming organic products among the consumer due to growth in the number of health-conscious people around the globe is expected to accelerate the market growth over the forecast period. Rising demand for high nutritional value content products with a reduced level of calories among athletes is another major factor propelling market growth.

Competitive Section:

Company names

Key players operating in the global dietary supplements market are Abbott Laboratories, Amway (Nutrilite), DuPont, NBTY Inc., Royal DSM N.V., Glanbia Plc., Bayer AG, GlaxoSmithKline plc, Herbalife International, and BASF

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Market TaxonomyBy Form

By Application

By Ingredients

By End Use

By Distribution Channel

By Region

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Global Dietary Supplements Market to Surpass US$ 290.9 Billion by 2027, owing to rising awareness of its health benefits, Says CMI - GlobeNewswire

LAMEA Krill Oil Market (2019 to 2025) – Drivers and Restraints – Yahoo Finance

Dublin, April 02, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "LAMEA Krill Oil Market, by Application, by Form, by Country, Industry Analysis and Forecast, 2019 - 2025" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

The Latin America, Middle East and Africa Krill Oil Market is expected to witness market growth of 12.1% CAGR during the forecast period (2019-2025).

Omega-3 products are essential fatty acid supplements that the human body needs for proper functioning and brain development. Although the amount of omega-3 EPA / DHA used to fortify infant formula is quite lower, it is projected that the market for fortified products will rise at a faster rate. Ongoing research and development in omega-3 fatty acids have become important for the food, pharmaceutical, and feed industries. Currently, the fish-derived omega-3 fatty acid is available commercially.

Certain sources like fungi and algae aren't even as popular in the market. The omega-3 products come from various sources, such as krill oil, fish oil, and algal oil. Fish oil leads the market, both in volume and in value. DHA and EPA, found in omega-3 products, are important for the growth of the infant's brain and the strength of immunity. Nonetheless, there are concerns about consistency and sustainability regarding omega-3 oils derived from fish and krill sources, which challenge the omega-3 fatty acid producers and their products. The consumption of krill oil has to be exactly as prescribed by the doctor, or as indicated on the bottle. It shouldn't be taken in greater quantities or for longer than prescribed. Krill Oil should not be used in patients suffering from an allergy to fish or shrimp, or probably any other form of seafood.

Based on Application, the market is segmented into Dietary Supplements, Functional Food & Beverages, Animal Food & Pet Food, Pharmaceuticals, and Other Krill Oil Application. Based on Form, the market is segmented into Soft gels, Capsules and Liquids. Based on countries, the market is segmented into Brazil, Argentina, UAE, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Nigeria, and Rest of LAMEA.

The market research report covers the analysis of key stake holders of the market. Key companies profiled in the report include Reckitt Benckiser Group PLC (Schiff Nutrition International, Inc.), Aker ASA (Aker BioMarine), Norwegian Fish Oil AS, NutriGold Inc., Rimfrost AS, Qingdao Kangjing Marine Biotechnology Co., Ltd., NWC Naturals, Inc., Nutracode LLC, Ergomax, and Coastside Bio Resources.

Companies Profiled

Unique Offerings from the Publisher

Key Topics Covered:

1. Market Scope & Methodology1.1 Market Definition1.2 Objectives1.3 Market Scope1.4 Segmentation1.4.1 LAMEA Krill Oil Market, by Application1.4.2 LAMEA Krill Oil Market, by Form1.4.3 LAMEA Krill Oil Market, by Country1.5 Methodology for the research

2. Market Overview2.1 Introduction2.1.1 Overview2.1.2 Market Composition and Scenario2.2 Key Factors Impacting the Market2.2.1 Market Drivers2.2.2 Market Restraints

3. LAMEA Krill Oil Market by Application3.1 LAMEA Dietary Supplements Market by Country3.2 LAMEA Functional Food & Beverages Market by Country3.3 LAMEA Animal Food & Pet Food Market by Country3.4 LAMEA Pharmaceuticals Market by Country3.5 LAMEA Other Krill Oil Application Market by Country

4. LAMEA Krill Oil Market by Form4.1 LAMEA Soft gels Market by Country4.2 LAMEA Capsules Market by Country4.3 LAMEA Liquids Market by Country

5. LAMEA Krill Oil Market by Country5.1 Brazil Krill Oil Market5.1.1 Brazil Krill Oil Market by Application5.1.2 Brazil Krill Oil Market by Form5.2 Argentina Krill Oil Market5.2.1 Argentina Krill Oil Market by Application5.2.2 Argentina Krill Oil Market by Form5.3 UAE Krill Oil Market5.3.1 UAE Krill Oil Market by Application5.3.2 UAE Krill Oil Market by Form5.4 Saudi Arabia Krill Oil Market5.4.1 Saudi Arabia Krill Oil Market by Application5.4.2 Saudi Arabia Krill Oil Market by Form5.5 South Africa Krill Oil Market5.5.1 South Africa Krill Oil Market by Application5.5.2 South Africa Krill Oil Market by Form5.6 Nigeria Krill Oil Market5.6.1 Nigeria Krill Oil Market by Application5.6.2 Nigeria Krill Oil Market by Form5.7 Rest of LAMEA Krill Oil Market5.7.1 Rest of LAMEA Krill Oil Market by Application5.7.2 Rest of LAMEA Krill Oil Market by Form

6. Company Profiles

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/w68q9t

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LAMEA Krill Oil Market (2019 to 2025) - Drivers and Restraints - Yahoo Finance

CRN UK highlights why essential nutrients have never been more essential – NutraIngredients.com

The trade association that represents the UKs food supplement industry identifies vitamins A, B, C and D, essential minerals and trace elements such as iron, copper, zinc and selenium as nutrients that certain groups may lack in their diets, as the unfolding crisis unfolds.

Although messages about the importance of a balanced diet and a healthy active lifestyle underpin nutrition advice to the public, now, more than ever, there is also a need for evidence-based scientific advice about the role food supplements play in the provision of essential nutrients, says professor David Richardson, scientific adviser to CRN UK.

Food supplements have always been part of the strategic dietary advice given to vulnerable groups such as the elderly, women at various life stages, children and adolescents.

Poor nutritional status is associated with impaired immune function in people of all ages, but particularly those over 60 years of age, so improved nutrition and micronutrient supplementation can help enhance immune responses.

The CRNs advice echoes that of the British Dietetic Association (BDA), which also encourage a healthy balanced diet that includes copper, folate, iron, selenium, zinc and vitamins A, B6, B12, C and D in order to support immune function.

The BDA also have words of advice for those having to self-isolate or are unable to go outside, advising those to consider taking a daily supplement containing 10 micrograms (g) of vitamin D.

Also included in the BDAs guidelines are sources of vitamin D rich foods such as oily fish, cod liver oil (unsuitable for pregnant women), infant formula and some yoghurts, which are fortified with vitamin D.

The CRNUK extends this advice adding that such foods play a key role in supporting not only the immune system, but also for physical health and mental wellbeing.

A wealth of evidence links poor mental health and nutritional deficiencieswith a number of health conditions caused byinflammation in the brain, which has possible origins in the gut.

Further researchpoints to food supplements such as zinc, magnesium, omega 3, and vitamins B and D3 as useful in improving peoples mood, relieve anxiety and depression conditions exacerbated by self-isolation and social distancing.

A daily magnesium citrate supplement led to an improvements in depression and anxiety, independent of age, gender or depression severity. Improvement did not continue when the supplement was stopped.

Likewise, omega-3 fatty acidsare central in development and function of the central nervous system. It stands to reason that a deficiency may result in low mood, cognitive decline and poor comprehension.

Such is the unprecedented scale of the situation, the World Health Organization (WHO) have also issued nutritional guidance, adding that good nutrition was crucial particularly in times when the immune system might need to fight back.

Along with limiting salt, sugar and fat intake, the WHO also recommend the consuming enough fibre, which contributes to a healthy digestive system and offers a prolonged feeling of fullness, helping to prevent overeating.

As the mammoth battle against coronavirus continues, with public health and safety measures now in place to slow the spread of the disease, the importance of healthy eating should not be under-estimated, the CRN UK says.

Nutrition plays a key role in supporting the immune system, and a balanced diet is important not only for physical health, but also mental wellbeing.

It is therefore important to be aware of the link between good nutrition, essential micronutrients and good health, and the role multivitamin-mineral supplements can play.

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CRN UK highlights why essential nutrients have never been more essential - NutraIngredients.com

Food Encapsulation Market by Shell Material, Technology, Application, Method, Core Phase and Region – Global Forecast to 2025 – Benzinga

Dublin, April 02, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "Food Encapsulation Market by Shell Material (Polysaccharides, Emulsifiers, Lipids, Proteins), Technology (Microencapsulation, Nanoencapsulation, Hybrid encapsulation), Application, Method, Core Phase, and Region - Global Forecast to 2025" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

The food encapsulation market is estimated to be valued at USD 9.9 billion in 2020 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of 7.5%, recording a value of USD 14.1billion by 2025.

This market is majorly driven by the rising demand for encapsulated flavors from convenience food manufacturers and increasing demand for fortified food products. However, the high cost is the only restraining factor for this market. As per industry experts, the price of any ingredient rises by over 50% when subjected to encapsulation procedures. Also, the capital investment involved in machinery and material cost adds to the final product.

The market for probiotics is projected to record the highest CAGR during the forecast period.

Probiotics help in maintaining vigorous levels of friendly microorganism in the human intestine. Probiotic helps in preventing infection, slowing down the growth of harmful bacteria, prevention of imbalance in the digestive system, avoiding reduction of immunity and ineffective nutritional absorption. Owing to the numerous health benefits offered by prebiotics, they are being extensively used in the food industry in the functional food segment. These probiotics are encapsulated to maintain their character is tics and to protect them from external environmental conditions.

The functional food segment is estimated to account for the largest market share in 2020, in terms of application.

Ingredients such as vitamins, minerals, and probiotics are majorly applied in functional foods. Also, the adoption of encapsulation for vitamins has been the highest, according to industry experts, across the globe. According to industry experts, the adoption rate of food encapsulation has been as high as 40% in the functional food segment for its ingredients. Hence, the segment is estimated to dominate the market in 2020 for food encapsulation, based on application, and is closely followed by dietary supplements, which is the next major application of these ingredients.

Asia Pacific to grow at the highest CAGR in the food encapsulation market between 2020 and 2025.

The North American region dominated the market in 2018, and the Asia Pacific region is projected to be the fastest-growing market during the forecast period in the food encapsulation market. Factors driving the Asia Pacific market growth include the increasing adoption of technological advancements in the region, growing disposable income, and growing demand for functional food and dietary supplements among the urban population. Due to the developing economic conditions across the majority of the countries, consumers in the region prefer the consumption of cheaper products, and hence, mostly opt for non-encapsulated foods. However, cheap labor in these countries helps in the development of a generic range of encapsulated ingredients at competitive pricing, which is further bolstering the market growth in Asia Pacific.

Key Topics Covered:

1 Introduction1.1. Objectives of the Study1.2. Market Definition1.3. Market Scope1.4. Periodization Considered1.5. Currency Considered1.6. Stakeholders

2 Research Methodology2.1. Research Data 2.1.1. Secondary Data2.1.2. Primary Data2.1.2.1. Breakdown of Primaries2.2. Market Size Estimation2.3. Data Triangulation2.4. Research Assumptions2.5. Research Limitations

3 Executive Summary

4 Premium Insights

5 Market Overview5.1. Introduction5.2. Market Dynamics5.2.1. Drivers5.2.2. Restraints5.2.3. Opportunities5.2.4. Challenges5.3. YC & YCC Shift5.4. Value Chain Analysis5.5. Patent Analysis5.6. Regulations

6 Food Encapsulation Market, by Shell Material6.1. Polysaccharides6.2. Proteins6.3. Lipids6.4. Emulsifiers

7 Food Encapsulation Market, by Core Phase 7.1. Vitamins & Minerals 7.1.1. Vitamins7.1.1.1. Fat Soluble7.1.1.1.1. Vitamin A7.1.1.1.2. Vitamin D7.1.1.1.3. Vitamin E7.1.1.1.4. Vitamin K7.1.1.2. Water Soluble7.1.1.2.1. Vitamin B Complex7.1.1.2.2. Vitamin C7.1.2. Minerals7.2. Enzymes 7.2.1. Carbohydrase7.2.2. Protease7.2.3. Lipase7.2.4. Others7.3. Organic Acids 7.3.1. Citric Acid7.3.2. Acetic Acid7.3.3. Malic Acid7.3.4. Fumaric Acid7.3.5. Lactic Acid7.3.6. Propionic Acid7.3.7. Ascorbic Acid7.3.8. Others7.4. Probiotics 7.4.1. Bacteria7.4.2. Yeast7.5. Sweeteners 7.6. Nutritional Lipids 7.7. Preservatives 7.7.1. Antimicrobials7.7.2. Antioxidants7.7.3. Others7.8. Prebiotics 7.8.1. Oligosaccharides7.8.2. Inulin7.8.3. Polydextrose7.8.4. Others7.9. Colors 7.9.1. Natural Colors7.9.2. Artificial Colors7.10. Amino Acids 7.11. Proteins7.12. Flavors 7.12.1. Chocolate & Browns7.12.2. Vanilla7.12.3. Fruits & Nuts7.12.4. Dairy7.12.5. Spices7.12.6. Others7.13. Others

8 Food Encapsulation Market, by Method8.1. Physical8.1.1. Atomization8.1.1.1. Spray Drying8.1.1.2. Spray Chilling8.1.1.3. Spinning Disk8.1.2. Fluid Bed8.1.3. Extrusion8.1.4. Others8.2. Chemical8.2.1. Polymerization8.2.2. Sol-Gel Method8.3. Physico-Chemical 8.3.1. Coacervation Methods8.3.2. Evaporation-Solvent Diffusion Methods8.3.3. Layer-By-Layer Encapsulation8.3.4. Cyclodextrins8.3.5. Liposomes8.3.6. Others

9 Food Encapsulation Market, by Technology9.1. Microencapsulation9.2. Nanoencapsulation9.3. Hybrid Encapsulation

10 Food Encapsulation Market, by Application10.1. Dietary Supplements10.2. Functional Food Products10.3. Bakery Products10.4. Confectionary10.5. Beverages10.6. Frozen Products10.7. Dairy Products

11 Food Encapsulation Market, by Region11.1. Introduction11.2. North America11.2.1. US11.2.2. Canada11.2.3. Mexico11.3. Europe11.3.1. Germany11.3.2. UK11.3.3. France11.3.4. Italy11.3.5. Spain11.3.6. Rest of Europe11.4. Asia Pacific11.4.1. China11.4.2. Japan11.4.3. India11.4.4. Australia & New Zealand11.4.5. Rest of Asia Pacific11.5. South America11.5.1. Brazil11.5.2. Argentina11.5.3. Rest of South America11.6. Rest of the World11.6.1. Middle East11.6.2. Africa

12 Competitive Landscape12.1. Overview 12.2. Competetive Leadership Mapping (Overall Market)12.2.1. Visionary Leaders12.2.2. Innovators12.2.3. Dynamic Differentiators12.2.4. Emerging Companies12.3. Strength of Product Portfolio12.4. Business Strategy Excellence12.5. Competitive Scenario 12.5.1. Expansions & Investments12.5.2. New Product Launches12.5.3. Acquisitions12.5.4. Agreements, Collaborations, And Partnerships

13 Company Profiles 13.1. Frieslandcampina 13.2. DSM13.3. Ingredion Incorporated 13.4. Kerry Group13.5. Cargill13.6. Lycored Group13.7. Balchem Corporation13.8. Firmenich Incorporated 13.9. BASF13.10. Dupont13.11. International Flavors And Fragrances Inc 13.12. Symrise AG 13.13. Sensient Technologies Corporation 13.14. Aveka Group 13.15. Advanced Bionutrition Corp13.16. Encapsys 13.17. Tastetech Encapsulation Solutions 13.18. Sphera Encapsulation13.19. Clextral13.20. Vitasquare

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/9vfbr3

Research and Markets also offers Custom Research services providing focused, comprehensive and tailored research.

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Food Encapsulation Market by Shell Material, Technology, Application, Method, Core Phase and Region - Global Forecast to 2025 - Benzinga

How much more will food stamp recipients get on their SNAP cards? – WWL News, Talk, Sports Radio Station

Louisiana's Department of Children and Family Services loaded extra SNAP money onto most food stamp cards today.

"Many Louisiana households who received Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits in March will see an extra boost on their SNAP cards on March 31," according to a news release.

It follows a waiver from the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Here is how much everyone will get:

Take a look at answers to frequently asked questions...

Did Congress pass a bill that includes emergency food aid?

Yes, on March 18, 2020, Congress passed and the President signed into law the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, which includes additional food assistance for some families in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Are we going to have D-SNAP (Disaster SNAP) benefits?

There is no D-SNAP at this time. The federal government is using other options for providing additional food assistance through the recently enacted Families First Coronavirus Response Act (see above). If any additional options become available, we will make announcements on our DCFS website and Facebook page.

What food assistance is available to me?

If you are not a current SNAP recipient, you can apply online for regular SNAP benefits. More information on this can be found at http://www.dcfs.la.gov/getsnap.

Under the federal Families First Coronavirus Response Act, DCFS is also issuing supplemental SNAP benefits to SNAP households who do not already receive the maximum monthly allotment for households of their size. For more information about supplemental SNAP benefits, see below.

Im quarantined and/or staying home as advised by officials. Do I have to go into an office to apply for SNAP or to receive supplemental SNAP benefits?

No, you dont have to come into a DCFS office to apply for SNAP or to receive supplemental SNAP benefits! You can apply for regular SNAP benefits online or by downloading a paper application and then mailing or faxing it to us. For instructions on how to apply for SNAP, visit http://www.dcfs.la.gov/getSNAP or text GETSNAP (no spaces) to 898-211. If a SNAP household is eligible for supplemental SNAP benefits, the benefits will be automatically loaded onto the households EBT cards.

Supplemental SNAP Benefits

What are supplemental SNAP benefits?

Under the federal Families First Coronavirus Response Act, and with authorization from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, DCFS can issue additional benefits to SNAP households to bring them up to the maximum monthly allotment for a household of their size.

By federal law, households already receiving the maximum monthly allotment for their household size cannot receive supplemental SNAP benefits.

How much will I receive in supplemental SNAP benefits?

SNAP households will receive supplemental SNAP benefits in an amount that will bring them up to the maximum monthly allotment for a household of their size.

For example, for a household of 4 people, the maximum monthly allotment is $646. If that household normally receives $400 in monthly SNAP benefits based on their income and expenses, they will now receive an additional $246 to bring their total monthly benefit up to the $646 max for their household size, for each month that supplemental SNAP benefits are issued.

For a list of the maximum monthly SNAP allotments by household size, see the previous question.

When will I receive my supplemental SNAP benefits?

For March, current SNAP households who already received March benefits, and who are not already receiving the maximum monthly allotment for their household size, will receive March supplements on their EBT cards on Tuesday, March 31.

New applicants who applied for benefits in March, but had not been certified as eligible and received March benefits before March 30, will receive their March benefits and supplements in April after being certified eligible. The benefits and supplements will be loaded onto the households EBT cards separately and may be a week apart in time.

For April, current SNAP recipients will receive their regular benefit amount on their regular issuance date (April 1st 14th), followed by their supplements on April 17th.

New applicants will receive their April benefits and supplements on a rolling basis after being certified as eligible. The benefits and supplements will be loaded onto the households EBT cards separately and may be a week apart in time.

Do I have to use my supplemental SNAP benefits right away?

No. SNAP benefits, including supplements, are good for up to 365 days from the date of issuance.

Redeterminations Deadlines

I received a letter telling me to reapply for benefits by April 15, 2020. Is this deadline still in effect?

If you received a letter telling you to reapply for your benefits by April 15, 2020, please know that your case has been temporarily extended and you will NOT receive an interview at this time due to the COVID-19 virus. In the coming months, DCFS will mail you a notice with your new interview date and time.

If you applied for benefits and have not yet been interviewed, please know that you may not have a formal interview. However, your worker may contact you for additional information, which may determine your eligibility for SNAP.

Work Requirements

Have the work requirements for SNAP been suspended due to the coronavirus?

The rule that SNAP recipients who are classified as Able-Bodied Adults Without Dependents (ABAWDs) can receive only three months of SNAP benefits without meeting federal work requirements has been temporarily suspended due to the coronavirus pandemic. (The rule would have gone into effect for 50 non-waived parishes in Louisiana on April 1.)

Mandatory work participation through the LaJET program in Orleans, Caddo, Ouachita, and Rapides parishes has also been suspended.

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How much more will food stamp recipients get on their SNAP cards? - WWL News, Talk, Sports Radio Station

Supplements you should take in pairs – Vitamins to take together – harpersbazaar.com

Safeguarding our wellbeing has never been so prevalent than the last few weeks as we all scramble to find the holy grail of health amongst the threat of the coronavirus. From guzzling bone broth to dosing on CBD, everything we think we know about immune support has come into play. But if you're one of the 65 per cent of adults who take some form of vitamin supplement, we've got some bad news for your you might be taking them wrong.

As vitamin C sales triple over the last week alone, research has shown that although popping a daily dose can support our body's defences, our ability to absorb the correct amount can vary dramatically from person to person. Our immune system has diverse vitamin needs to work well every day even when we are not sick, says immunologist Dr Jenna Macciochi, ambassador of Tonic Health. Being deficient in vitamins A, B6, B12, C, D, and E, beta carotene, iron and zinc will impair our immunity.

But, by taking certain vitamins in pairs we can boost the nutrient efficiency and reap the benefits of a more harmonious immune system. There are 37 thousand billion things happening every second in our body so the more we do to support them the better, says naturopath Louise Westra. Everything in the body is related so there isnt one nutrient that doesnt need another. Having said that, nutrients work in harmony with one another to perform different functions throughout the body.

If you're guilty of reaching for the fresh orange when you feel the first signs of a sniffle, Westra suggests doubling up on a B6 supplement. Viral infections release histamine in the body and this creates many of the symptoms that accompany a cold or flu-type infection. However, vitamin C and B6 work together to break down histamine, therefore supplementing with vitamin C at 2000mg three times daily has been shown to reduce histamine levels in the blood by just under 40 per cent thereby helping to reduce the severity of symptoms and lessen immune suppression, she says.

Solgar Vitamin C 500 mg with Rose Hips Tablets

Viridian High Six B Complex B6

When a national survey revealed that one in five people have low vitamin D levels in the UK, we all stocked up on the sunshine supplement, but should we have also opted for its lesser known ally? Vitamin A is required for the normal development of our immune function and the epithelial cells found in the linings of the body such as the mouth, gut and respiratory tract, Westra tells us. Whereas vitamin D protects us against viral respiratory infections, therefore the two work well together. Take vitamin D3 and A with a meal that has some fat in it as they are fat soluble vitamins and your body will absorb them better this way.

Solgar Dry Vitamin A 1500 mcg (5000 IU)

Healthspan Super Strength Vitamin D3

Known as a healing mineral, zinc's also a champion among immune supplements. Zinc supports the function of the thymus gland (where our immune responses known as T-cells mature) and is needed alongside B6 (especially the active form, pyridoxal-5-phosphate) to keep it working optimally, Westra says. Opt for a zinc acetate lozenge as this supplement form was found to reduce the duration of viral respiratory illness in studies.

Holland & Barrett Maximum Strength Zinc

9.99

Viridian High Six B Complex B6

Stress and anxiety levels may be at an all-time high but keeping calm is paramount for our health. Any additional stress will undermine our immune system, Westra explains. A combination of magnesium with L-Theanine (an amino acid) will ease the tension in the physical body and settle anxiety as L-Theanine supports the production of calming neurotransmitters. Take this combination now twice daily rather than waiting until you feel tense or anxious.

Nutri Advanced Magnesium Glycinate Tablets

18.85

While devouring kale chips may make a healthy snack, boosting our immunity is going to take more than upping our leafy green intake. Iron is the most common micronutrient deficiency. It's vital for proliferation of immune cells, particularly our lymphocytes taking non-heme iron (found in plant foods) with vitamin C supports its absorption. Eating a piece of vitamin C-rich fruit such as kiwi or orange when taking a non-heme iron supplement can be helpful to improve absorption.

Wild Nutrition Food-Grown Iron Plus

12.00

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Supplements you should take in pairs - Vitamins to take together - harpersbazaar.com

Energy and sleep markets grow more sophisticated by addressing both concerns – Nutritional Outlook

We can all use a boost. Lack of sleep, stress at work, having a social life; it all adds up to create exhaustion that makes us rely on substances like coffee or energy drinks to keep us moving throughout the day. Ironically, those things combined can also add up to a restless nights sleep. As a result, consumers are turning to dietary supplements in the hopes of finding a healthy way to sustain their energy and get a decent nights sleep.

Energy

According to the Council for Responsible Nutritions 2019 Consumer Survey on Dietary Supplements, energy is the second most cited reason that a whopping 32% of supplement users take dietary supplements. What does that look like age-wise? The majority of supplement users (42%) who cite energy support as a reason they take supplements are between the age of 18 and 34, but consumers between the age of 35 and 54 still make up 35% of those who seek out energy products.

According to market researcher Innova Market Insights, food and beverage launches, including supplements, with energy and alertness claims grew 20%, globally, between 2014 and 2018. Sports nutrition is among the top market categories whose food and beverage launches are making energy and alertness claims, representing 38% of the global share of launches in 2018. Not only that, sports nutrition is also among the fastest growing categories, with food and beverage launches of products with energy and alertness claims growing 40% since 2014.

According to market researcher SPINS, during the 52 weeks ending October 6, 2019, energy support was one of the mainstream retail channels three bestselling ingredient categories, earning $803 million. Some of the bestselling energy-support ingredients in that channel overlap with sports nutrition, such as protein and creatine, whose sales grew 61.8% and 11.6% over the previous year, respectively. One of the most prominent sources of energy for the everyday consumer is caffeine. According to SPINS, in the mainstream channel, sales of caffeine grew 14.7% over the previous year, to $109 million.

While energy is important, consumers are also looking for balance. They are drawing distinctions between physical energy and mental energy, and understanding that superficial ideas of energy arent enough to get them through their workday or even a workout. In May of 2019, the World Health Organization classified burnout as an occupational phenomenon. It defined it as a syndrome conceptualized as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed. It is characterized by three dimensions: 1) feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion, 2) increased mental distance from ones job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to ones job, and 3) reduced professional efficacy.1

Concerns about burnout open up the energy category to new ingredients that complement energy ingredients. For example, dietary supplement ingredients classified as nootropics, which are meant to support cognition and focus, can be marketed in sports nutrition to improve workout performance and longevity. Nootropics, such as those found in the NOOstart product from ThinkNOO, are marketed to complement your morning cup of coffee. One of its active ingredients, L-theanine, is known to reduce the side effects associated with caffeine such as the jitters, for example. By taking a capsule 30 minutes prior to ones morning coffee, consumers can expect their bodies to more efficiently process the caffeine they consume, the company says.

[Coffee] is the most consumed beverage after water, says Shannon OBrien, founder and CEO of ThinkNOO. There are these unspoken side effects of coffee that people dont often think about. The jitters, the crash in the afternoon, and what people dont often realize is that coffee does actually have a much slower breakdown cycle for how long it takes to get out of the body, especially if youre topping up multiple times a day with any kind of caffeine. So, what we then looked at was how do you level out that energy throughout the day so people have more sustained healthy energy rather than turning to cup after cup after cup, which led us to a range of different nutrients.

The connection between energy and focus is extending into the gaming space, where e-sport athletes play hours of video games, requiring focus and fast reaction times. Traditionally, energy drinks have been a big part of gaming culture, but ingredients like L-theanine and MCTs (medium-chain triglycerides), which also help the body process caffeine, open the door to healthier options.

Weve been speaking to a bunch of e-sports teams, and theyre really looking into this with scientific rigor, says OBrien. Especially when youre playing reactionary games that require a lot of precision, within 45 minutes of having caffeine, you are actually ineffective, worse than baseline. So, its at about the 45 minutes to an hour mark that you are out of your peak.

Sleep

The flipside of energy is sleep, and what we consume to keep ourselves alert during the day can have consequences for how well we sleep at night. Natural sleep aids provide a potential solution. According to SPINS, during the 52 weeks ending October 6, 2019, in the mainstream retail channel, the sleep category earned $389.8 million, growing 24.3% since the previous year. In the natural category, sleep sales grew 11.2% to $29 million. One of the bestselling ingredients in the category is melatonin, which grew in sales by 10.2% in the natural channel to $11 million, and by 26.4% in the mainstream channel to $322 million.

ThinkNOO keeps the consumers desire for restful sleep in mind with its NOOreset product, which aims to counteract the ill effects of caffeine consumption and to replenish the body of nutrients lost during the day.

The main ingredient we have in there is rutaecarpine, which is a plant extract that has really positive initial research showing it can assist with the production of key enzymes that break down caffeine, explains OBrien. On the flip side of that is that caffeine causes the absorption of a lot of nutrients of which weve looked to target and really replenish so that you get a more restful sleep and end up feeling better.

These products are an example of how the mindset around energy is shifting, taking on a more holistic approach that acknowledges the importance of the mind in our overall physical health.

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Energy and sleep markets grow more sophisticated by addressing both concerns - Nutritional Outlook

Italy reveals results of food and drink controls – Food Safety News

Most issues with food and beverages in Italy involved products of animal origin and were microbiological, according to a recent report from authorities.

In 2018, almost 50,500 samples of food products were taken from all stages of the supply chain and nearly 130,000 analyzes conducted as part of official controls. From these analytical checks almost 1,500 had problems, revealing a non-compliance rate of 1.14 percent.

More than 78,000 checks were for microbiological reasons, mostly for Salmonella, followed by Listeria and E. coli, including Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC). Vibrio, Campylobacter, norovirus, Yersinia enterocolitica and Cronobacter sakazakii were also part of tests. Activities were coordinated by the Ministry of Health (Ministero Della Salute).

A total of 1,314 non-conformities were found mostly for E. coli, including STEC, followed by Campylobacter, Listeria and Salmonella.

Types of issues detectedThe highest percentage of irregularities involved microbiological issues in meat, fish and dairy products. The second category for microbiological irregularities was other food products such as composite dishes, including ready meals.

Out of 2,342 checks for allergens, 39 showed non-compliance.

Categories of foods with the greatest non-compliance are meats and derived products, cereals, composite dishes, confectionery products and spices.

Most testing for chemical elements concerned heavy metals with 59 of 21,518 analyzes irregular. For organic contaminants such as dioxins, PCBs, 3-MCPD and others, out of 20,161 analytical tests 29 were not compliant.

Almost 160,000 import consignments were subject to official controls, of which about two-thirds were food of non-animal origin. For this type of food, which concerned 106,116 consignments, 3,781 samples were taken and 214 were rejected. From these samples, 5,204 analyzes were carried out for Salmonella, aflatoxins and pesticides.

Checks on trade in products of animal origin led to 49 items being rejected out of 7,658 controlled lots. Rejections mostly related to bivalve mollusks for norovirus, fishery products for parasites, heavy metals or pathogenic microorganisms and poultry for Salmonella.

NAS and Guardia di Finanza operationsThe 38 NAS Carabinieri units carried out more than 50,000 checks. They found non-conformities in the catering, flour, bread and pasta and dairy product sectors. Investigations led to the arrest of 13 people for crimes including sale of harmful foods dangerous for public health or in poor condition. Almost 24 million kilograms and liters of food and drink was seized.

Local NAS units were also part of a number of operations involving wine, organic foods and fruit and vegetables.

In January 2018, NAS Florence held five people responsible for marketing counterfeit wine by adding water to it with more than 800 bottles seized. One month later, NAS Lecce busted a wine adulteration operation that consisted of adding sugar and other prohibited additives to wine.

In May, NAS Bologna seized 7,000-kilogram of raw materials and food supplements, some of which had expired dates, valued at 200,000 ($220,000). Other items such as vegetables were seized for a lack of traceability information or labeling that misled the consumer on place of origin. In November, NAS Alessandria found an operation in the organic sector using banned plant protection and pesticides.

The Guardia di Finanza, a unit responsible for investigating financial crime and smuggling, also seized more than 1,384 tons of agri-food products and 207,000 liters of liquids in 2018. Confiscated products included partially fermented grapes, wine and sparkling wine, alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and fruit.

One operation involved seizure of 13,812 bottles of prosecco with false origin labels. The load, found inside a truck from Greece and bound for France, had the words Product of Italy on the packaging as well as Wine of Italy and Product of Italy on the bottles. Documentary checks found all transported goods had been produced with grapes grown in Bulgaria.

Another found a large quantity of oil with a false indication of origin in March 2018. The seized cargo consisted of 18,000 packs of sunflower oil, or 22,880 liters, which was produced in Bulgaria but had two Italian flags on labels of the bottles.

High botulism levelsItaly sent 398 notifications via the Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed in 2018. Products of Italian origin were involved in 156 alerts and 86 of these were raised by another country. Non-conformities mostly involved animal feed, fruit and vegetables, meat excluding poultry, and cereals. These were mainly due to microbiological contamination, such as Salmonella, Listeria and E. coli, but also allergens and foreign bodies. A total of 209 Italian food recalls were published on the Ministry of Health website in 2018.

Meanwhile, Italy is the European country with the highest number of botulism cases, according to the National Reference Center for Botulism (CNRB).

From 1986 to June 2019, 342 laboratory-confirmed reports of botulism involving 501 people were recorded based on recently released data.

Botulism is a rare but life-threatening condition caused by toxins produced by Clostridium botulinum bacteria. In foodborne botulism, symptoms generally begin 18 to 36 hours after eating a contaminated food. However, they can start as soon as six hours after or up to 10 days later.

It can cause symptoms including general weakness, dizziness, double-vision, trouble with speaking or swallowing, and paralysis of breathing muscles. Difficulty in breathing, weakness of other muscles, abdominal distension and constipation may also occur. People experiencing these problems should seek immediate medical attention.

(To sign up for a free subscription to Food Safety News, click here.)

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Italy reveals results of food and drink controls - Food Safety News

CBD at the crossroads: a response to the FSA guidelines – Health Europa

As the cannabis market has grown exponentially over the last year, there has been a massive influx of new companies offering a range of CBD infused products including oils, to vape pens, tincture, gummies, chocolates, and wellness products.

As a result of demand and product innovation, the CBD industry is reportedly set to be worth an impressive 1bn by 2025, surpassing sales of popular supplements such as vitamin C and D.

Until now, CBD has been in a period of regulatory uncertainty and the industry faced understandable criticism when high profile cannabis probes found that over half of the most popular CBD oils did not contain the amount of CBD promised on the label.

On 13 February 2020, the Food Standards Agency (FSA) announced a deadline of 31 March 2021 for the submission of a valid application for novel food authorisation for businesses selling food and food supplements containing CBD in the UK. Contained in the announcement, was a warning to all CBD companies that failure to comply may result in products being taken off the shelves. Alongside this warning, the FSA also issued its first ever safety advice to consumers of CBD products.

The UK guidelines, which do not apply to Scotland, come a little more than a year after the European Union added hemp extracts and hemp-derived products containing cannabinoids including CBD to a list known as the Novel Food Catalogue.

As the FSA only overlooks the food and beverage industry, the standards wont be applicable to vapes, cosmetics, or other items not for consumption or those containing controlled drugs such as THC, or products making medicinal claims.

The statement made by the FSA should be seen as an opportunity for those of us looking to work in a compliant industry and this increased regulatory scrutiny will likely see dodgy operators exiting the market, leading to a better product market place and increasing trust from the end user. The move towards better regulation standards is therefore a welcome one.

There is a great need for companies to be more stringent about the contents and overall safety of the cannabidiol products they produce. As steps are taken to protect consumers and ensure the products available are legitimate and safe, the CBD industry will have a space to safely and sustainably grow.

A vital component of moving the industry forward is for consumers to be properly informed about CBD; its different forms, strengths, recommended intake, proven benefits and potential side-effects. In this regard, the FSAs guidelines are a step in the right direction. Yet there are elements to the advice which are simply too restrictive, risking suffocating the market and so come across as anti-business.

For example, the FSA has recommended healthy adults to think carefully before taking CBD and to have a maximum daily intake of 70mg a day. This makes the UK the first country in the world to set recommended limits for CBD consumption. Yet the only evidence of adverse effects from CBD is from extremely high doses. There is no scientific rationale for the 70 mg limit.

Trade associations such as CannaPro and the CTA have done good work in ensuring the quality of the products and trading standards of their members and by recommending a cautious, research-backed maximum daily dose of 200mg for adults.

It is therefore a shame that the FSA hasnt considered wider views of the industry, instead choosing to partner with a relatively new trade association that charges significant membership fees to ultimately benefit larger companies on its books. This ignores some of the great work smaller businesses have achieved in future proofing their business models and creating safe high-quality products.

The FSA needs to work with longstanding trade associations to improve the regulation of CBD products without damaging the market and to update its consumer guidelines based on the huge amount of anecdotal evidence and observational studies currently available.

Due to the huge costs involved in applying for Novel Food status, some companies are at risk. A large number of businesses will now need to enter proceedings to gain retrospective approval, a burdensome, expensive process which involves supplying a large amount of data from rigorous testing.

The FSAs deadline will now force firms to scramble to gather this data in just over a year.

Whilst I am pleased to see the FSA taking interest in the cannabidiol industry, its interventions, in my opinion, have been heavy handed. An improved regulatory system is essential, but this must be implemented with market longevity in mind.

CBD products enable people to benefit from the therapeutic effects of medicinal cannabis legally and without a prescription for some, the results are life changing. Its important we do not disrupt access to these products which are providing multiple benefits for peoples health and wellbeing.

Prof. Mike BarnesGuest AuthorCo-FounderMaple Tree Consultants

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CBD at the crossroads: a response to the FSA guidelines - Health Europa

Kissing and coronavirus spread – Daily Monitor

By Dr Vincent Karuhanga

Can I get Covid-19 through kissing? Barenzi

Dear Barenzi,Kissing happens when one puts his/her lips in contact with another persons body part with the commonest kissing in Uganda being mouth to mouth.

Covid-19 is present in the mouth. Therefore, kissing can risk one the infection not only from exchange of saliva but also close proximity which is likely to transfer tiny water droplets containing the virus (droplet infection) to the healthy kisser. The tiny droplets can be expelled when a person coughs, sneezes, laughs, sings or talks and reach another persons mouth, nose or eyes, hence infecting them.

The tiny droplets can reach kissers who will not be at a distance of about six feet or more (social distancing) during kissing.Additionally, the virus can spread by touching surfaces, objects or the body of an infected person where the virus is present and then touching ones nose, mouth or eyes. Touching commonly happens automatically between kissing lovers also risking transmission. Kissing of the backs of hands as a greeting or respect may also risk transmission and should be avoided.

All kissing couples just like any other person require to have maximum personal and general hygiene by washing hands often, not touching their face, disinfecting all surfaces that are touched often by others or themselves, avoiding kissing unnecessarily, social distancing including crowd control and coughing or sneezing into the elbows.

If one has symptoms including cough, difficulty breathing, fever, chest pain and sore throat among others, they should not only avoid kissing but report to their doctor or call the help lines given by the Ministry of Health for help.

What is better at preventing coronavirus? Fruits or supplements with Vitamin C? Shalita

Dear Shalita,Vitamin C has been tried in many viral conditions including common colds and HIV infection with some varying subjective successes.

When one has to choose between natural and artificial food nutrition, fruits are better than food supplements but as a matter of treatment for various conditions where they are helpful, supplements may give a better dose that may have been prescribed.

It may be difficult to know how much nutrition may be contained in a given fruit apart from estimating how much of the required nutritional ingredient that will be absorbed to be utilised by the body.

Coronavirus just like any flu like symptom causing viruses, requires a good immune system which among others is built on consistently taking a balanced diet which includes fruits.

It is, therefore, important for Ugandans to constantly have fruits on their menu starting from infancy.Anyhow one can still consume fruits and take Vitamin C as well because it is never too late to build up immunity including using Vitamin C whatever its source.

Recently a person died in Kanungu and doctors reports indicated he had jiggers that led to tetanus. Is this possible? Enos

Dear Enos,Tetanus or lockjaw is due to an infection caused by tetanus bacteria found in diverse places including soil, saliva, dust and manure. The bacteria enter the body through dirty cuts or openings on the skin. People who get jiggers are mostly dirty and when the jigger fleas burrow into the skin, they create an area vulnerable to many infections including tetanus bacteria. Also the use of unsterilised equipment to remove the jiggers can risk tetanus.

Jiggers themselves do not cause tetanus but make it easy for the sufferer to get infected by tetanus bacteria.

Send your questions to: features@ug.nationmedia.com

Originally posted here:

Kissing and coronavirus spread - Daily Monitor

The best meal replacement and muscle food home delivery options to stay healthy indoors (plus the best supplements deals) – T3

With the shops ransacked due to people panic buying all the essential and non-essential food items, we have to get crafty to make sure we don't wreck our bodies by gorging on junk food and Easter eggs for weeks on end.With many food delivery services already struggling to fulfil orders, we found a loophole that can help you stay healthy and slim, all the while still providing you with all the essential nutrients: supplements!

Shop meal replacement options at Amazon UK

Shop meal replacement options at Walmart US

Supplements are not just for bodybuilders and especially in the case of meal replacement and muscle food options apart from providing ample amount of calories they also contain fibres and many micro and macronutrients your body needs to function well. The downside is that some supplements can taste a bit bland, especially if you have been training your taste buds on hot curry and super-sweet snacks in the past few months or years.

Apart from protein powder and weight gainers, protein manufacturers also produce and sell other food items that might interest even people who aren't into fitness, like peanut butter or vitamins. There are plenty of special offers and supplement deals to choose from, too, so if you want to err supplement your diet with some healthy snacks, read on to find out your best options and, of course, the best deals of all things healthy.

(Image credit: Bulk Powders)

Buy all the discounted supplement at Bulk Powders

Shop all things Bulk Powders at Amazon

You would think you can only get protein powder and creatine from Bulk Powders, right? You might be surprised to hear that they also stock and sell dried pasta, oats, multivitamin tablets, nuts and peanut butter too. Not to mention stuff like peanut flour and breakfast smoothie mix. Bulk Powders also has a great range of vegan products as well, in case you are interested in animal cruelty-free products.

(Image credit: Muscle Food)

Get food delivered to your door by Muscle Foods (check delivery slots before you buy)

Fancy some extra lean diced chicken breast or free range beef slices? How about high-protein cheese or fresh fish? Get it all from Muscle Food as well as vegetarian and vegan food stuff, delivered to your door. The earliest slot at the time of this being published is the 1 April, which is still weeks earlier than when Tesco will start delivering stuff again, apparently.

(Image credit: The Protein Works)

Shop the best supplements at The Protein Works

Check out all things The Protein Works at Amazon

We were blown away by the Loaded Nuts high-protein peanut butter by The Protein Works and you can get a tub of it today for 35% less. Better still, the Loaded Legends protein bar is also discounted, so are the delicious Protein Brownies.

As well as snacking, the Protein Works also has an extensive range of meal replacement shakes, including vegan and diet options plus superfood powders and vitamins. Get all the supplements you need to stay healthy from one place: the Protein Works.

(Image credit: Soylent)

Buy the Soylent RTD at Amazon

We actually sampled the vanilla flavoured Soylent recently and were pleasantly surprised that it tasted good compared to some other ready-to-drink products on the market. The Soylent Nutrition Shake contains 20 grams of plant protein and it also has 26 added vitamins and minerals, including vitamin A/D/E/K/B1/B2, magnesium, folic acid and many, many more.

(Image credit: Mana)

Buy Mana meal replacement products at Amazon UK

Buy the Mark 6 directly from Mana

The Mana Powder Mark 6 has six sources of fibre and just as many sources of fat, as well being nutritionally complete and 100% plant based. Each serving delivers 400 calories of energy and contains 21 grams of plant protein from six different sources, which are: isolated soy protein, isolated pea protein, oat protein, hemp protein, rice protein and algae protein. All the good stuff.

(Image credit: Huel)

Order meal replacement powders directly from Huel

We covered Huel in more detail here on T3 already. Huel Powder is a nutritionally complete powdered food that is high in protein and fibre, low in sugar and salt, rich in phytonutrients, and contains a balanced macro split of 37:30:30:3 ( in grams, carbohydrate:protein:fat:fibre) and all 26 essential vitamins and minerals. Additionally, it contains no lactose or any animal products, no soy, and no GMO.

(Image credit: MyProtein)

Shop the discounted range at MyProtein

Shop MyProtein products at Amazon UK

MyProtein's vegan range has expanded significantly recently and now includes almost 150 products (147 to be precise). There are vegan protein cookies, vegan 'carb crusher' bars, almond butter and even protein bars and vitamins, all free from animal products. As well as vegan products, MyProtein also offers 'regular' supplements as well and now, thanks to the special offer they have on, the more you spend, the more you save!

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The best meal replacement and muscle food home delivery options to stay healthy indoors (plus the best supplements deals) - T3

What’s the Difference Between Supplements, Vitamins, and Pharmaceuticals? – One Green Planet

Supplements, multivitamins, and pharmaceutical products arent necessarily controlled stringently by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), which means that those milligrams and gram dosages you see may not actually be verifiable. Plus, the fillers, preservatives, and artificial ingredients could potentially be dangerous.

So, what is a responsible consumer to do?

Gain some knowledge, perspective, and ample education on these products. By providing yourself with a foundation to use at will, youll also increase the probability of avoiding dangerous products and ensuring that what youre consuming is accurate, high-quality, and beneficial.

libellule789/Pixabay

When it comes to sussing out the difference between supplements, multivitamins, and pharmaceuticals, the best place to start is with the actual terminology. Not simply understanding the terms themselves, but the wording that generally goes along with each product. Its truly a complicated web of language, but once you know what to look for its really actually simple!

stevepb/Pixabay

The term dietary supplement is exactly what youd think a supplement to your diet that may increase a deficiency or add balance. Alright, if were going super technical, the actual definition ofdietary supplementis a product taken orally that contains one or more ingredients (such as vitamins or amino acids) that are intended to supplement ones diet and are not considered food.

Depending on the type of dietary supplement, they can help you get adequate amounts of essential nutrients if you dont eat a nutritious variety of foods, yet its important to note that supplements cant take the place of the variety of foods that are important to a healthy diet.

Hence that wholesupplementpart of the dietary supplement.

Yes, dietary supplements contain vitamins, but they can also contain minerals, herbs or other botanicals, amino acids, enzymes, and many other ingredients. Dietary supplements also come in a variety of forms, including tablets, capsules, gummies, and powders, as well as drinks and energy bars. Each form requires additional ingredients most gummies require gelatin and most tablets have artificial flavors.

Thatmany other ingredientspart tells you a lot about the fact that dietary supplements can have lots of things you may not necessarily want. This makes it even more important to review the ingredients label thoroughly.Yet, its important to know that dietary supplements are required to come with a supplement facts label which lists the active ingredients, the amount per serving (dose), as well as other ingredients, such as fillers, binders, and flavorings.

All the info is there, you just have to take the time to look!

JerzyGorecki/Pixabay

You may think the termmultivitaminis pretty self-explanatory, but, in reality, its actually not.

Multivitamins also referred to as MVM supplements, as they can be mineral-based contain a combination of vitamins and minerals, and sometimes other ingredients as well. You may also see these referred to as multisandmultiplesor simplyvitamins. Whats even more confusing? Multivitamins are actually a sort of subsection of dietary supplements, so youll also see them calledmultivitamin supplementsand shelved with other dietary supplements.

With that said, while dietary supplements can contain everything from garlic extract to turmeric extract to an herbal-vitamin-mineral-chemical concoction, a multivitamin or mineral supplement generally should stick just to that vitamins and minerals.

Its important to note that multivitamin manufacturers are the ones that choose which vitamins, minerals, and other ingredients, as well as their amounts, to include in their products. With that said, most companies choose to stick to government-mandated recommended amounts, yet not all. Be aware of high doses of certain vitamins which oftentimes come in packs of two or more pills to take each day as well as those that are marketed for special purposes, such as better performance or energy, weight control, or improved immunity, as these products usually contain herbal and other ingredients.

Read the label!

Make sure that the amounts in your multivitamin are close to either the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDAs), Adequate Intakes (AIs), or the Daily Value (DV), which are government-regulated amounts that have been shown safe for human consumption.

Just because theres more, doesnt necessarily mean its better for you.

qimono/Pixabay

Now we get to the big one pharmaceutical.

Per the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Medicine of the Royal Colleges of Physicians of the United Kingdom, you start looking at the termpharmaceuticalby definingpharmaceutical medicine,which is the medical scientific discipline concerned with the discovery, development, evaluation, registration, monitoring and medical aspects of marketing of medicines for the benefit of patients and the health of the community.

Simply put, its the art of selling pharmaceuticals.

Alright, what are pharmaceutical medications? These are chemicals that are designed to prevent, diagnose, treat, or cure a disorder in laymen terms, we simply call them medicines. Keep in mind, there are an immense number and [type] of pharmaceutical drugs, designed to aid almost every type of condition known to medical science.

Yet, returning to the Royal Colleges of Physicians, theres a lot more to a pharmaceutical med then the simple creation and distribution. Theres also clinical testing of medicines, translation of pharmaceutical drug research into new medicines, safety and well-being of research participants in clinical trials, and understanding the safety profile of medicines and their benefit-risk balance.

Its not simply up to you as a consumer, but your physician also has to obtain a thorough understanding of pharmacoeconomics, medical aspects of the marketing of medicines, business administration and the social impact of healthcare on patients and public health, in order to truly prescribe a medication to a patient.

Thats what pharmaceutical reps and pharmaceutical-sponsored conventions are designed around.

Plus, theres a whole onslaught of pharmaceutical physicians doctors that work in the pharmaceutical industry, yet maintain a position or relationship with medical colleges in primary and secondary health care and at universities.

Simply put, theres a lot of hands in the pot of a single pharmaceutical drug from the invention to testing to financing to marketing to selling.

tpsdave/Pixabay

Now that weve got the terminology down, its time to take a closer look at how our government regulates, guides, and advises upon each of these products. This may actually be the most important part of the pie! While the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) cant always guarantee 100 percent safety and efficacy of their systems, their involvement absolutely increases the consumers ability to trust in the quality and ingredients label of the product.

Clker-Free-Vector-Images/Pixabay

As multivitamins are actually a subcategory of dietary supplements, they both follow the same guidelines.

When it comes to dietary supplements, there are two sides to the coin: guidelines for the manufacturer and guidelines for the consumer.

For the manufacturer, there actually arent that many regulations.

The Food and Drug Administration regulates both finished dietary supplement products and dietary ingredients. With that said, they regulate dietary supplements under a different set of regulations than those covering conventional foods and drug products. This basically means that supplements dont suffer the same severe scrutiny that food and pharmaceutical drugs do.

First and foremost, while manufacturers and distributors of dietary supplements and dietary ingredients are prohibited from marketing products that are adulterated or misbranded. This means that the companies themselves are responsible for evaluating the safety and labeling of their products. Luckily, the companies must ensure they meet all the requirements of DSHEA [Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994] and FDA regulations and the FDA is tasked with taking action against any adulterated or misbranded dietary supplements product after it reaches the market, as long as they catch it.

When it comes to labeling, theres actually a guideline of almost any type of label out there including Liquid Dietary Supplements, Substances added to Foods and Beverages, Ephedrine Alkaloids, Nutrient Content Claims, to name just a few. There are also labeling guidelines when it comes to warning statements, new dietary ingredients, and substantiation for claims, to name just a few more.

For the consumer, theres LOTS of information to know about how these pills are regulated.

While there are a host of FDA guidelines almost too many to remember there are a few that stand out and should be noted. Here are a few:

Basically, a supplement company has full reign to create, promote, and begin selling their product without almost any interference by the FDA. With that said, once the supplement hits the market, dietary supplement firms must report to FDA any serious adverse events that are reported to them by consumers or health care professionals.

So, when it comes to dietary supplements and multivitamins, consumers are the guinea pigs. Thats why its so incredibly important to read the ingredients labels. Most of the regulations that these companies follow have to do with labeling.

nosheep/Pixabay

On the other hand, when it comes to pharmaceutical medications and drugs, there are too many regulations and guidelines for consumers to even consider.

This is a good thing!

Specifically, the FDA actually has a group designed to watch out for the safety of drugs, called the Consumer Watchdog for Safe and Effective Drugs (CDER). CDER was designed to evaluate new drugs before they can be sold by ensuring that drugs, both brand-name and generic, work correctly and that their health benefits outweigh their known risks.

When CDER uses the word drug, theyre actually referring to a wide range of products including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, generic drugs, and other drug-related products such as fluoride toothpastes, antiperspirants, dandruff shampoos, and sunscreens.

Of course, vitamins and dietary supplements can be sold without prior approval from the FDA and are regulated by the FDAs Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, and dont fall under CDERs scrutiny.

Before a drug is allowed to be sold, it must pass over a variety of hurdles including an incredibly thorough drug development and review process. Per the Food and Drug Administration and CDER site, the process goes like this:

Drug companies seeking to sell a drug in the United States must first test it. The company then sends CDER the evidence from these tests to prove the drug is safe and effective for its intended use. A team of CDER physicians, statisticians, chemists, pharmacologists, and other scientists reviews the companys data and proposed labeling. If this independent and unbiased review establishes that a drugs health benefits outweigh its known risks, the drug is approved for sale.

With that said, its important to note that CDER doesnt actually test drugs itself, although it does conduct limited research in the areas of drug quality, safety, and effectiveness standards.

kzd/Pixabay

As you can see, all three products supplements, multivitamins, and pharmaceuticals have potential dangers to be aware of. Yet, ironically enough, those that are the most highly regulated were talking pharmaceuticals here are actually the most dangerous. This is not only due to the chemical content, but its also about the behind the scenes of these companies, the big money influences, and the possible dramatic damage that can be sustained.

While the government as enforced as strict safety guidelines via CDER as possible, theres a lot of backdoor wheeling and dealing that goes on when it comes to big money companies.

In an article by Science Magazine entitledHidden conflicts? Pharma payments to FDA advisers after drug approvals spark ethical concern,the process and potential ethical issues are laid out.

How does it work?

In order for the FDA to approve a drug, a meeting takes place to vote on the drug involving medical researchers, physicians, and patient advocates. During the meeting, the pharmaceutical company gives a presentation in which medical data and clinical trials are presented. The FDA takes painstaking precautions via a well-established system to identify possible conflicts of interest before such advisory panels meet, given that they either approve or deny a drug based upon these meeting outcomes.

Unfortunately, one example discovered a hole in their process.

When the drug Brilinta hit the market, all seemed great. This multi-billion dollar drug was meant to prevent heart attacks and strokes by limiting blood clotting and it was selling like gangbusters. Yet, the big companies behind the drug AstraZeneca and other firms began to splurge large quantities of money on four physicians that had been part of the advisory group. These payments were supposedly for travel and advice.These are called pay-later conflicts of interest, and they have gone largely unnoticed and entirely unpoliced.

Due to excellent reporting by Science Magazine journalists, they reviewed compensation records from drug companies to physicians who advised FDA on whether to approve 28 psychopharmacologic, arthritis, and cardiac or renal drugs between 2008 and 2014, and found widespread after-the-fact payments or research support to panel members.

This is just one example of many regarding how big pharma has influenced those that stand in their way over the years.

Of course, this doesnt mean we shouldnt be taking pharmaceutical medications. Some of us wouldnt survive without them. All it means is that a little bit of research and digging may be necessary on the consumers part in order to verify that the drug youre taking is a verifiably and ethically produced drug.

janjf93/Pixabay

As scary as it is, there are a handful of companies out there that have your best interest and health at heart. Yes, thats hard to imagine, but its true! Here are five of the most trusted brands of supplements and multivitamins that you can feel good about purchasing. Youll note that pharmaceuticals are not included on this list, as those are doctor prescribed. Just make sure you ask the right questions, talk with your doctor, and do the necessary research before beginning any pharmaceutical regimen.

Of course, its always important to speak with a medical professional before embarking on a new supplement regimen!

Garden of Life Vitamin D3/Amazon.com

If youve followed any of my articles then this one doesnt cause any surprise. Garden of Life is one of the most trusted brands of supplements and multivitamins available. They carry a host of incredibly hard to obtain government-regulated certifications including certified USDA organic, non-GMO verified, certified Vegan, certified Gluten-Free and NSF certified, Kosher certified via the Orthodox Unions Kosher Division and Star-K Kosher Certification, Green-e Energy certified, LEED Gold certified, and B-corp certified.

Garden of Life not only follows the FDA guidelines, but they also have self-proclaimed guidelines including creating products based on the natural ingredients in whole foods, keeping out chemicals and unhealthy ingredients, and achieving maximum traceability. Traceability refers to knowing where each and every ingredient in our product comes from and getting to know each and every source.

MaryRuths Organic Liquid Probiotics/Amazon.com

This is yet another one that pops up on vegan supplement lists almost every single time! MaryRuths Organics not only offers a huge variety of types of supplements, but they also focus on organic ingredients and vegan-friendly recipes. Run by Mary Ruth, a Certified Health Educator, Nutritional Consultant, and Culinary Chef, this company focuses on providing wholesome supplements for the entire family.They focus on products that are non-GMO, plant-based, vegan, with as few allergens as possible.

Deva Vegan Multivitamin and Mineral Supplement/Amazon.com

Deva is one of those super exclusive companies that make solely vegan supplements. These companies are few and far between as they need to go a step further in the process to find chemical-free vegan-friendly alternatives for their supplements. Yet, Deva goes even further with earth-friendly certifications including Labor Day, the Vegan Society, Co-op America, and America Forests certifications. Their mission is to deliver high-quality vegan/vegetarian vitamins and supplements with the best value to our customers, while focusing on both health and planet-conscious practices.

We also highly recommend downloading ourFood Monster App, which is available foriPhone, and can also be found onInstagramandFacebook. The app has more than 15,000 plant-based, allergy-friendly recipes, and subscribers gain access to new recipes every day. Check it out!

For more Vegan Food, Health, Recipe, Animal, and Life content published daily, dont forget to subscribe to theOne Green Planet Newsletter!

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Excerpt from:

What's the Difference Between Supplements, Vitamins, and Pharmaceuticals? - One Green Planet

Intrahousehold management and use of nutritional supplements during the hunger gap in Maradi region, Niger: a qualitative study – BMC Blogs Network

A total of 114 caregivers participated (Table2).

When referring to RUSF and LNS-MQ, most of the participants named the nutritional supplements by a word in Hausa representing its consistency and appearance, they were primarily described as biskit (biscuit) or labou (groundnut paste).

Giving the children biscuits protected them against certain illnesses like diarrhea, vomiting and fever, RUSF/Cash.

We are very happy with the biskit because it protects our children from malnutrition, LNS-MQ/Cash.

When referring to SC+, consistency, appearance, perceived effects on weight gain and overall nutritional status were also considered. Participants described SC+ as gari, which means flour, but also as garin kwamasso, which means flour for malnutrition, or garin boudous, meaning flour that promotes weight gain, or garin taimako, which means aid flour.

During the distribution and prior to returning home, caregivers were invited to participate in an information session on how to use the nutritional supplements and answer any questions. During the interviews, some of the mothers described deviations in the use of the supplement at the household level. For example, some caregivers reported that they mixed the LNS-MQ into food or drink to prevent vomiting or with hot milk to increase appetite. Some reported that they did not mix the RUSF, as they were instructed.

I added water and give him like a liquid, he accepted to drink it because I noticed that when he eats this compact paste he had to vomit immediately. LNS-MQ.

I give it to my child as it is, I had never mixed it with something else. RUSF.

Regarding SC+ consumption, most frequently, the mode of preparation consisted of cooking it with water, as presented during the information sessions. However, some participants said that they use it moistened for which they covered the flour with hot water, as for preparing local couscous. Other participants indicated consuming the SC+ in dry form i.e. without any preparation. Some participants explained that they prepared it depending on the childrens preferences and some reported adding other ingredients such as oil, onion, peanut meal, salt, or sugar. A participant indicated:

Thats what I do, I buy some oil, some onion and then peanut meal and I mix it with a little salt. SC+.

Different forms of preparing the nutritional supplements emerged.

Consumption and sharing practices.

Divergences in the way in which nutritional supplements are consumed, emerged as a commonality among participants. However, although differences in how the nutritional supplements were given to children emerged, when referring to LNS-MQ and RUSF, most of the participants explained that they complied with the daily dose of one packet, most administered it between meals, in the morning. However, some participants indicated dividing the daily dose into two or three feedings, particularly for the youngest children who were still breastfeeding. A participant said:

When the distribution started, my child was not yet complementary feeding. When I take the packet I divide it in two, I give one portion in the morning, the rest in the evening; but now that he is weaned, he eats a packet by himself. RUSF.

When exploring how LNS-MQ was used, most of the participants indicated that they gave one spoonful in the morning, one spoonful at noon, one spoonful in the afternoon. However, some participants indicated that their children disliked the product, particularly the first few days after introduction. These participants explained that when children disliked the product, they tried to find ways to make their children like it. Hence, finding ways to increase acceptability were the main drivers to find alternative ways to prepare LNS-MQ.

A participant explained:

I mixed it [referring to LNS-MQ] with beans and rice for him at first when I saw that he didnt want to eat it. [ ] but now hes used to it, he eats it without me mixing it into other things. LNS-MQ/Cash.

Most of the participants indicated that color and consistency of prepared SC+ helped them to know if the child would consume it or not. A participant explained,

After preparation, we use it for up to 30 minutes. After this there is a change in color or it may become liquid as water meaning that it then it becomes less concentrated. SC+.

In reference to RUSF, LNS-MQ and SC+ most of the participants reported that when the supplements were introduced to the children for the first time, they were not well accepted, but once they got used to them, they appreciated the products. Referring to SC+, a participant explained:

In the beginning, my child didnt want to eat it. I waited and offered him to try again and again, until he accepted it. Sometimes I buy little cakes and promise to give him after he consumes the porridge. SC+.

From the participants perspective, nutritional supplements seem to be shared primarily with siblings in the household, but also with other family members, neighbors and friends.

In some households, where men had more than one wife, it was common for them to share the products with other children and even with all members of the household. A participant explained:

Honestly, all of the members of the household eat it and some spouses, when you refuse to give them any, they express their displeasure [ ] our wish is to tell you to give us a little more or to give us something else other than gari. SC+.

When referring to LNS-MQ a participant explained:

... when they provide you with labou the others expect, hope that you will share it with them, now if you refuse then trouble starts. LNS-MQ/Cash.

Some women also indicated sharing the supplements with close family members who lived in the same compound and/or had many children to feed. However, although sharing was frequently reported, many participants indicated keeping most of the ration for the children for whom the nutritional supplement was indicated. When referring to SC+, a participant explained:

Yes of course his brothers [of the target child] like gari, I give them a little raw gari but not the same amount as the target child and I only do it to get them out of the way because they are big. SC+.

This practice was also found among participants who received LNS. A participant indicated:

I have other children and once I get back to the house, after I have given half a pot to my co-wife, I give half a pot to my own children; I keep the remaining three pots for the target child and that covers about two weeks. LNS-MQ/Cash (During the distribution, the participants received four pots of LNS-MQ per child per month).

RUSF, LNS-MQ and SC+ were shared. Most of the participants indicated that they need to take care of their children and please them equally. Feeding them with nutritional supplements, or any other food, was one way of taking care of children and to please them.

Some participants indicated:

We make certain gestures out of obligation without wanting to when a parent comes to your house to tell you: today my child hasnt even had a bite to eat; and so you are obligated to give them some flour, SC+.

...you put some [referring to SC+] in a quart scoop and you bring it to your mother so she can cook it for your brothers, SC+.

I take two packets that I hide for my daughter and the rest I give to neighbors, in-laws and my parents, SC+/Cash (During the distribution, the participants received four bags of 1.5kg per child per month).

Among some breastfeeding mothers, eating one of the three supplements was perceived to help them to produce more breast milk and was an important motivating factor for consuming the supplements themselves. A breastfeeding mother indicated:

Ive noticed that it increases milk supply [ ] I often mix the gari with oil to eat and it gives me milk, SC+/Cash.

The stock lasts for three weeks because us mothers eat some from time to time to guarantee our milk supply, LNS-MQ/Cash.

Only a few participants indicated that they did not share RUSF or LNS-MQ. The perception that it would not have the expected effects on the children who needed the supplement was the main reason that prevented them from sharing the products. They also indicated that the amount of supplements distributed monthly covered the entire period between two distributions, thus the product was only consumed by the target child. A participant explained:

For me, in principle I tell myself that the complete contents of the packet must be eaten by the child each day, but if I share it with a child that was not targeted I know deep inside that the product will not work because it was not eaten by the intended child only, so thats why I never share it with other children. RUSF/Cash.

Perception of the impact of supplementary foods.

Nutritional supplements were often described to be a special kind of food that improves health, intelligence, physical appearance and protects children from diseases. After using the supplements for 5months, the benefits described from nutritional supplements included childrens weight gain, physical strength, beauty, intelligence and health maintenance.

Independently of the type of nutritional supplement, after participants gave the products to their children for a 5-month period, the children were described as, more healthy, more active, doing well, smoother, brighter, more handsome, more plump, and stronger.

I am happy because giving the gari means that I dont have to shuttle back and forth between my house and the CSI [health center] anymore, he doesnt have diarrhea, he doesnt vomit, he has gained weight and he has become active. SC+/ Food ration.

The nutritional supplements were presented by some participants as a special kind of food, which can provide protection from disease. Other caregivers compared the nutritional supplements to vitamins or even to medicine. When referring to SC+ participants indicated:

Its a food but it is mixed with a strong medicine that makes the child stop being malnourished, SC+.

In my opinion, it [referring to LNS-MQ] is an enriched product that you give to children to protect them from diseases, improve their appetite, and the child gets better quickly. LNS-MQ/Cash.

Furthermore, some mothers who fed their children with RUSF indicated that feeding their children with the biskit give them independence because children become satiated and they asked for food less often. A participant explained:

Really, the biskit, in addition to protecting our children from illness, has become a means of independence for the mothers, because as soon as you offer them a biskit, they eat it right away, they drink some water and go play, thanks to the biscuit there are no more complaints from children clinging to their mothers skirts. RUSF/Cash.

Nutritional supplements are also perceived as an additional financial support to the household. The nutritional supplements were described as a financial impact on households by guaranteeing food for their children. Participants indicated:

...thanks to the gari the womens expenses have been reduced because as soon as the child is full he doesnt demand anything else to eat, SC+.

The financial impact was also described in terms of decreasing expenses for medical costs because children were sick less often. A participant explained:

I can say that husbands are satisfied because they said that thanks to the flour, they dont pay medical costs anymore because the children have stopped being sick all the time. SC+.

See original here:

Intrahousehold management and use of nutritional supplements during the hunger gap in Maradi region, Niger: a qualitative study - BMC Blogs Network

Trendy Vitamins Are All Over Instagram But Are They Worth It? – Refinery29

Photographed by Megan Madden.

This is the year of personalization. You can buy a shampoo mixed just for your hair, have a personal trainer create a one-of-a-kind workout plan, and find pretty much anything you want designed exactly to your preferences.

Wellness isn't an exception from this personalization trend. If you've been on Instagram for the past few months, chances are you've seen a well-dressed influencer posted up in their minimalist kitchen holding a small, artsy-looking pack of vitamins, containing a mix of nutrients that's designed just for them.

Here's how it usually works: You take a quiz, answer questions about your health, detail your current habits, share your wellness goals such as getting better sleep or reducing stress levels and you end up with something just for you. Some companies take things a step further, asking for an at-home blood test to suss out exactly what nutrients you're lacking. It's not surprising that this approach is attracting so many people. Why take some generic multivitamin or guess at what your body needs, when you could be shipped a just-for-you mix?

"Supplements can absolutely be beneficial to someone's health depending on what that supplement is," says Lauren Manaker, RDN. "If someone has iron deficiency anemia, for example, an iron supplement can help them get their iron stores back to an ideal level."

I decided to test out one of these companies to see what all of the hype was about. I chose Persona Nutrition, which uses the aforementioned quiz-based system. After filling out all of my info age (23), sex (female), health concerns (stress and overall health), etc. my final list of vitamins included a digestive enzyme, plus a "foundational multivitamin," which contains all the nutrients most people fall short on, including vitamin K and vitamin A, omega-3 fatty acids, a daily probiotic, vitamin D, calcium and magnesium with more vitamin D, and something called bilberry that's supposed to be beneficial for people who look at screens all day.

I was also given the option to add on a CBD Hemp Extract pill to treat stress and sleep problems for $69. With that in my cart, the grand total for a month's worth of vitamins came out to be around $117. (Full disclosure: The brand comped my first month.)

There were four vitamins in each pack I had one bundle for the morning and one for the night. Persona gives you enough for 30 days, a.k.a. one month, so I received a total of 60 packs of personal vitamins. As of right now, I'm on my last few packs.

After taking them for a month, I have to admit, I feel... pretty much exactly the same as when I wasn't taking them. I was most looking forward to adding in a probiotic to my regimen, since I feel like my gut health isn't where it should be. But, nothing at least on the surface feels much different.

It's hard to tell if whether or not the pills are doing their job. Most of this stuff like vitamin levels can't be felt on an intensely physical level.

The results of my last blood test told me that I was pretty low on vitamin D. So while I'd need another blood test to confirm it, it's possible that the D supplements are improving my levels, and thereby strengthening my immune system and improving my mood (among other benefits). To be transparent, it's been a pretty great month I haven't felt any anxieties lately which may be a result of my new vitamin D fix.

But I don't know how much I needed the other nutrients I started downing. As far as I know, I've already been getting enough calcium from my diet. "Supplements should fill in gaps in a diet if it's deficient," says Manaker. "If a person is eating a well balanced diet filled with a variety offoods such as fruits, veggies, and whole grains, they may not really need to supplement any nutrients," she explains.

"It's fun to receive "personalized" advice, but Ihave yet to see a company not recommend supplements when a potential customer takes a quiz," Manaker says. "Additionally, if a nutrition gap is discovered, these companies are only recommending their supplements and not food solutions that could accomplish the same goal."

Almost all of the supplements I started taking are things I don't have a Recommended Dietary Allowance for no one necessarily needs a greater amount of digestive enzymes going into their system unless they're experiencing things such as irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease (which I don't).

Since they didn't make me feel better or anything at all after taking them, there's no real incentive for me to keep going with a subscription.

What's a little iffy about these products are that at best, they might be helping you, but probably they're doing nothing; at worst, however, they may be harming you. Vitamins and supplements don't have to be regulated by the FDA. So while you may trust a brand, you never really know what you could be putting into your body.

"I think it's very important for consumers to know that just because they can buy these supplements over-the-counter does not mean they are necessarily proven to be efficacious or safe,"Erin D. Michos, MD, MHS, FACC, FAHA, Associate Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine previously told Refinery29."Dietary supplements are not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, or alleviate the effects of diseases, even though many adults take them for that purpose."

These personalized vitamin packs aren't a necessity for your health especially if you're not trying to drop as much as $117 a month for them. If you're deficient in certain vitamins and minerals, you could be adding different foods to your diet to make up for that, Manaker suggests.

So instead of adding another month's worth of vitamins to my cart, I probably should just try to find a way to enjoy a nice slab of salmon. At the very least, it'll be easier on my wallet.

If you're interested in ordering your own personalized pack whether it's for your Instagram aesthetic or your health you'll want to double check that the supplements provided have been verified by a third-party manufacturer, says Manaker. Usually there will be something on their website or a seal or marking on the packaging from companies such as the United States Pharmacopeia or NSF International, so keep your eyes peeled. After all, knowing what you're putting into your body is more important than having your name spelled out on a vitamin pack.

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Are Personalized Vitamin Packs Really Worth It?

written by Elizabeth Gulino

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Trendy Vitamins Are All Over Instagram But Are They Worth It? - Refinery29

All gyms in state to be inspected for supplements – Hindustan Times

Taking serious note of deaths owing to consumption of steroids and banned supplements, the government, in a first, will conduct inspection of gyms across the state. The announcement was made by food and drug administration (FDA) minister Dr Rajendra Shingne in the state Assembly on Wednesday.

Dr Shingne also announced setting up of an expert committee to see if the state can bring in a legislation against online sale of whey protein and supplements having steroids.

Last month, a bodybuilder from Mumbra in Thane district died due to excessive intake of steroids. A similar case was reported in Kalyan.

The issue was raised by legislators who demanded strict action against those selling steroids and other banned supplements.

BJP legislator Captain Tamil Selvan said anabolic steroids are dangerous for the human body, but are still available in market and sportsmen hoping for health benefits use them without understanding the toll it can take on ones health.

In his reply, Dr Shingne said, The state will conduct inspection of all gyms in the state by forming teams comprising food inspector, drug inspector and policemen. Action will be taken against gyms selling banned supplement or steroids. The inspection will be done in six months.

He further said the FDA has already carried out a campaign and took 26 samples of whey protein from several places to check if steroids are added in any of them. We are waiting for test reports and will initiate action if we find anything illegal, the minister said.

Shingne said the central government is in the process of modifying the Food Safety and Standards Act. The state will also constitute a committee of experts to see if the state needs to enact a separate law against online sale of whey protein and supplements having steroids, he said.

Read more here:

All gyms in state to be inspected for supplements - Hindustan Times

New ‘Feed Your Mind’ Initiative Launches to Increase Consumer Understanding of Genetically Engineered Foods – FDA.gov

For Immediate Release: March 04, 2020

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration, in collaboration with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, today launched a new initiative to help consumers better understand foods created through genetic engineering, commonly called GMOs or genetically modified organisms.

The initiative, Feed Your Mind, aims to answer the most common questions that consumers have about GMOs, including what GMOs are, how and why they are made, how they are regulated and to address health and safety questions that consumers may have about these products.

While foods from genetically engineered plants have been available to consumers since the early 1990s and are a common part of todays food supply, there are a lot of misconceptions about them, said FDA Commissioner Stephen M. Hahn, M.D. This initiative is intended to help people better understand what these products are and how they are made. Genetic engineering has created new plants that are resistant to insects and diseases, led to products with improved nutritional profiles, as well as certain produce that dont brown or bruise as easily.

Farmers and ranchers are committed to producing foods in ways that meet or exceed consumer expectations for freshness, nutritional content, safety, sustainability and more. I look forward to partnering with FDA and EPA to ensure that consumers understand the value of tools like genetic engineering in meeting those expectations, said Greg Ibach, Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs at USDA.

As EPA celebrates its 50th anniversary, we are proud to partner with FDA and USDA to push agricultural innovation forward so that Americans can continue to enjoy a protected environment and a safe, abundant and affordable food supply, said EPA Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention Assistant Administrator Alexandra Dapolito Dunn.

The Feed Your Mind initiative is launching in phases. The materials released today include a new website, as well as a selection of fact sheets, infographics and videos. Additional materialsincluding a supplementary science curriculum for high schools, resources for health professionals and additional consumer materialswill be released later in 2020 and 2021.

To guide development of the Feed Your Mind initiative, the three government agencies formed a steering committee and several working groups consisting of agency leaders and subject matter experts; sought input from stakeholders through two public meetings; opened a docket to receive public comments; examined the latest science and research related to consumer understanding of genetically engineered foods; and conducted extensive formative research. Funding for Feed Your Mind was provided by Congress in the Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2017 as the Agricultural Biotechnology Education and Outreach Initiative.

The FDA, an agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, protects the public health by assuring the safety, effectiveness, and security of human and veterinary drugs, vaccines and other biological products for human use, and medical devices. The agency also is responsible for the safety and security of our nations food supply, cosmetics, dietary supplements, products that give off electronic radiation, and for regulating tobacco products.

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03/04/2020

Originally posted here:

New 'Feed Your Mind' Initiative Launches to Increase Consumer Understanding of Genetically Engineered Foods - FDA.gov

9 Sensible Tips to Boost Eye Health and Maintain Sharp Vision – Entrepreneur

To keep your sight in the best of its ability, we bring you a list of sensible food and habit choices that can keep them healthy, wealthy and vivid!

March 3, 2020 4 min read

You're reading Entrepreneur India, an international franchise of Entrepreneur Media.

Use to spending ample time on your mobile and laptop? Prolonged uses of these devices have become a part of our day to day lifestyle. While we cant avoid the same as our work-life revolves around it, we can surely make some alterations in our life for our good. With an increase in the usage of screen-time, taking care of your eye has become essential than ever.

Eyes are vascular; hence a healthy diet with low Trans and saturated fat is a must. Period!

In order to guard them from age-related macular degeneration (ARDM), one needs to intake food supplements rich in antioxidants. To keep your sight at its best ability, we bring you a list of sensible food and habit choices that can keep them healthy, wealthy and bright!

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9 Sensible Tips to Boost Eye Health and Maintain Sharp Vision - Entrepreneur


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