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The History of Blackjack and Card Counting

Ever wondered how the modern, insanely popular game of Blackjack appeared? Well, that’s the question of interest to millions of researchers who wanted to know the origin, the beginning of card counting and the inspiration for the game as it is today.

Origins

Many researchers claim that the Blackjack that we know today did not have the name as it is. There were these two games, in the 15th and 16th century, one Italian, Sette e Mezzo (Seven and a half) and one French, Trente-un (Thirty-one) that are believed to be the predecessors of Blackjack. This was long before the really closest to Blackjack game appeared in France, called the Vingt-et-un (Twenty-one), in the 18th. It was one of the most popular card games at the time, and it was King Louis XV’s favorite.

Now, the theory is that the Italian and Spanish versions of Blackjack actually influenced the French version, which was later on spread in America. But this was not until the 19th century. The game, also known as 21, was brought to America, New Orleans in 1820, by the French colonizers. But at that time, gambling was not allowed, so as the card games became legalized in Nevada, 1931, the game became known as Blackjack and the first ground rules were established. Today the game is available on every single casino site and netbet.ie offers (believe it or not) 18 different variants.

Card counting

Yet, not even then did the card counting start. In fact, it started 30 years later. Naturally, within that period of time, players were fully dedicated to learn how the play the game best and how to win big. Many names pop out in the 1950s. There were System Smitty, Jess Macrum, Greasy John – players who are rumored to have been counting cards long before the secret of counting was revealed. In 1957, Baldwin, McDermott, Baldwin and Maisel, four big players of Blackjack published a book called Playing Blackjack to Win and told the world that it is all in card counting.

This was later on confirmed by Ed Thorp, who used the most ancient computers to investigate whether you can really have an advantage in Blackjack by counting cards. He came to an unforeseen discovery that using a “ten-count system” you can successfully go around the other players and win. He published this in his book Beat the Dealer in 1962 and made it a huge book hit. It was also believed that this is when Vegas bloomed.

The first big card counter

Al Francesco, the first big Blackjack player, was making a lot of effort not to be noticed that he counted cards. So, he would go to a casino with his brother, he would stand beside him and he would count the cards. As soon as he would see an opportunity, he would bet big. But soon, the pit boss would see that and would offer him a free room. This is the time Al Francesco became the “Big Player” in the Blackjack world.

Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Their laws were gambling laws–how to play the game.Had I been playing for myself, I think I should have left at once, and never have embarked upon gambling at all, for I could feel my heart beginning to beat, and my heart was anything but cold-blooded.The only excesses indulged in by this temperate and exemplary people, appear to be gambling and horseracing.He had looked on at a great deal of gambling in Paris, watching it as if it had been a disease.In a row, against the opposite wall, were the gambling games.Dolokhov, who had reappeared that year in Moscow after his exile and his Persian adventures, and was leading a life of luxury, gambling, and dissipation, associated with his old Petersburg comrade Kuragin and made use of him for his own ends.In fact, I have no intention of going there again, since every one is for gambling, and for nothing but gambling.A FARMER being about to die, and knowing that during his illness his Sons had permitted the vineyard to become overgrown with weeds while they improved the shining hour by gambling with the doctor, said to them:A great portion of their time is passed in revelry, music, dancing, and gambling.He brought back one or two new habits with him, one of which he rather openly practiced–tippling–but concealed another, which was gambling.You were gambling with poor old Monty for his daughter’s picture against a bottle of brandy.Though Frascati’s and the Salon were open at that time in Paris, the mania for play was so widely spread that the public gambling-rooms did not suffice for the general ardour, and gambling went on in private houses as much as if there had been no public means for gratifying the passion.

More:

Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Gambling | Britannica.com

Gambling, the betting or staking of something of value, with consciousness of risk and hope of gain, on the outcome of a game, a contest, or an uncertain event whose result may be determined by chance or accident or have an unexpected result by reason of the bettors miscalculation.

The outcomes of gambling games may be determined by chance alone, as in the purely random activity of a tossed pair of dice or of the ball on a roulette wheel, or by physical skill, training, or prowess in athletic contests, or by a combination of strategy and chance. The rules by which gambling games are played sometimes serve to confuse the relationship between the components of the game, which depend on skill and chance, so that some players may be able to manipulate the game to serve their own interests. Thus, knowledge of the game is useful for playing poker or betting on horse racing but is of very little use for purchasing lottery tickets or playing slot machines.

A gambler may participate in the game itself while betting on its outcome (card games, craps), or he may be prevented from any active participation in an event in which he has a stake (professional athletics, lotteries). Some games are dull or nearly meaningless without the accompanying betting activity and are rarely played unless wagering occurs (coin tossing, poker, dice games, lotteries). In other games betting is not intrinsically part of the game, and the association is merely conventional and not necessary to the performance of the game itself (horse racing, football pools). Commercial establishments such as casinos and racetracks may organize gambling when a portion of the money wagered by patrons can be easily acquired by participation as a favoured party in the game, by rental of space, or by withdrawing a portion of the betting pool. Some activities of very large scale (horse racing, lotteries) usually require commercial and professional organizations to present and maintain them efficiently.

Read More on This Topic

sports: Gambling and sports

One of the most popular forms of gambling is wagering on sports, which taps into the passion of sports fans. A bet placed on a race or a game allows fans to prove their knowledge of a sport or to show their

A rough estimate of the amount of money legally wagered annually in the world is about $10 trillion (illegal gambling may exceed even this figure). In terms of total turnover, lotteries are the leading form of gambling worldwide. State-licensed or state-operated lotteries expanded rapidly in Europe and the United States during the late 20th century and are widely distributed throughout most of the world. Organized football (soccer) pools can be found in nearly all European countries, several South American countries, Australia, and a few African and Asian countries. Most of these countries also offer either state-organized or state-licensed wagering on other sporting events.

Betting on horse racing is a leading form of gambling in English-speaking countries and in France. It also exists in many other countries. Wherever horse racing is popular, it has usually become a major business, with its own newspapers and other periodicals, extensive statistical services, self-styled experts who sell advice on how to bet, and sophisticated communication networks that furnish information to betting centres, bookmakers and their employees, and workers involved with the care and breeding of horses. The same is true, to a smaller extent, of dog racing. The emergence of satellite broadcasting technology has led to the creation of so-called off-track betting facilities, in which bettors watch live telecasts at locations away from the racetrack.

Casinos or gambling houses have existed at least since the 17th century. In the 20th century they became commonplace and assumed almost a uniform character throughout the world. In Europe and South America they are permitted at many or most holiday resorts but not always in cities. In the United States casinos were for many years legal only in Nevada and New Jersey and, by special license, in Puerto Rico, but most other states now allow casino gambling, and betting facilities operate clandestinely throughout the country, often through corruption of political authorities. Roulette is one of the principal gambling games in casinos throughout France and Monaco and is popular throughout the world. Craps is the principal dice game at most American casinos. Slot and video poker machines are a mainstay of casinos in the United States and Europe and also are found in thousands of private clubs, restaurants, and other establishments; they are also common in Australia. Among the card games played at casinos, baccarat, in its popular form chemin de fer, has remained a principal gambling game in Great Britain and in the continental casinos most often patronized by the English at Deauville, Biarritz, and the Riviera resorts. Faro, at one time the principal gambling game in the United States, has become obsolete. Blackjack is the principal card game in American casinos. The French card game trente et quarante (or rouge et noir) is played at Monte-Carlo and a few other continental casinos. Many other games may also be found in some casinosfor example, sic bo, fan-tan, and pai-gow poker in Asia and local games such as boule, banca francesa, and kalooki in Europe.

At the start of the 21st century, poker exploded in popularity, principally through the high visibility of poker tournaments broadcast on television and the proliferation of Internet playing venues. Another growing form of Internet gambling is the so-called betting exchangesInternet Web sites on which players make wagers with one another, with the Web site taking a small cut of each wager in exchange for organizing and handling the transaction.

In a wide sense of the word, stock markets may also be considered a form of gambling, albeit one in which skill and knowledge on the part of the bettors play a considerable part. This also goes for insurance; paying the premium on ones life insurance is, in effect, a bet that one will die within a specified time. If one wins (dies), the win is paid out to ones relatives, and if one loses (survives the specified time), the wager (premium) is kept by the insurance company, which acts as a bookmaker and sets the odds (payout ratios) according to actuarial data. These two forms of gambling are considered beneficial to society, the former acquiring venture capital and the latter spreading statistical risks.

Events or outcomes that are equally probable have an equal chance of occurring in each instance. In games of pure chance, each instance is a completely independent one; that is, each play has the same probability as each of the others of producing a given outcome. Probability statements apply in practice to a long series of events but not to individual ones. The law of large numbers is an expression of the fact that the ratios predicted by probability statements are increasingly accurate as the number of events increases, but the absolute number of outcomes of a particular type departs from expectation with increasing frequency as the number of repetitions increases. It is the ratios that are accurately predictable, not the individual events or precise totals.

The probability of a favourable outcome among all possibilities can be expressed: probability (p) equals the total number of favourable outcomes (f) divided by the total number of possibilities (t), or p = f/t. But this holds only in situations governed by chance alone. In a game of tossing two dice, for example, the total number of possible outcomes is 36 (each of six sides of one die combined with each of six sides of the other), and the number of ways to make, say, a seven is six (made by throwing 1 and 6, 2 and 5, 3 and 4, 4 and 3, 5 and 2, or 6 and 1); therefore, the probability of throwing a seven is 6/36, or 1/6.

In most gambling games it is customary to express the idea of probability in terms of odds against winning. This is simply the ratio of the unfavourable possibilities to the favourable ones. Because the probability of throwing a seven is 1/6, on average one throw in six would be favourable and five would not; the odds against throwing a seven are therefore 5 to 1. The probability of getting heads in a toss of a coin is 1/2; the odds are 1 to 1, called even. Care must be used in interpreting the phrase on average, which applies most accurately to a large number of cases and is not useful in individual instances. A common gamblers fallacy, called the doctrine of the maturity of the chances (or the Monte-Carlo fallacy), falsely assumes that each play in a game of chance is dependent on the others and that a series of outcomes of one sort should be balanced in the short run by the other possibilities. A number of systems have been invented by gamblers largely on the basis of this fallacy; casino operators are happy to encourage the use of such systems and to exploit any gamblers neglect of the strict rules of probability and independent plays. An interesting example of a game where each play is dependent on previous plays, however, is blackjack, where cards already dealt from the dealing shoe affect the composition of the remaining cards; for example, if all of the aces (worth 1 or 11 points) have been dealt, it is no longer possible to achieve a natural (a 21 with two cards). This fact forms the basis for some systems where it is possible to overcome the house advantage.

In some games an advantage may go to the dealer, the banker (the individual who collects and redistributes the stakes), or some other participant. Therefore, not all players have equal chances to win or equal payoffs. This inequality may be corrected by rotating the players among the positions in the game. Commercial gambling operators, however, usually make their profits by regularly occupying an advantaged position as the dealer, or they may charge money for the opportunity to play or subtract a proportion of money from the wagers on each play. In the dice game of crapswhich is among the major casino games offering the gambler the most favourable oddsthe casino returns to winners from 3/5 of 1 percent to 27 percent less than the fair odds, depending on the type of bet made. Depending on the bet, the house advantage (vigorish) for roulette in American casinos varies from about 5.26 to 7.89 percent, and in European casinos it varies from 1.35 to 2.7 percent. The house must always win in the long run. Some casinos also add rules that enhance their profits, especially rules that limit the amounts that may be staked under certain circumstances.

Many gambling games include elements of physical skill or strategy as well as of chance. The game of poker, like most other card games, is a mixture of chance and strategy that also involves a considerable amount of psychology. Betting on horse racing or athletic contests involves the assessment of a contestants physical capacity and the use of other evaluative skills. In order to ensure that chance is allowed to play a major role in determining the outcomes of such games, weights, handicaps, or other correctives may be introduced in certain cases to give the contestants approximately equal opportunities to win, and adjustments may be made in the payoffs so that the probabilities of success and the magnitudes of the payoffs are put in inverse proportion to each other. Pari-mutuel pools in horse-race betting, for example, reflect the chances of various horses to win as anticipated by the players. The individual payoffs are large for those bettors whose winning horses are backed by relatively few bettors and small if the winners are backed by a relatively large proportion of the bettors; the more popular the choice, the lower the individual payoff. The same holds true for betting with bookmakers on athletic contests (illegal in most of the United States but legal in England). Bookmakers ordinarily accept bets on the outcome of what is regarded as an uneven match by requiring the side more likely to win to score more than a simple majority of points; this procedure is known as setting a point spread. In a game of American or Canadian football, for example, the more highly regarded team would have to win by, say, more than 10 points to yield an even payoff to its backers.

Unhappily, these procedures for maintaining the influence of chance can be interfered with; cheating is possible and reasonably easy in most gambling games. Much of the stigma attached to gambling has resulted from the dishonesty of some of its promoters and players, and a large proportion of modern gambling legislation is written to control cheating. More laws have been oriented to efforts by governments to derive tax revenues from gambling than to control cheating, however.

Gambling is one of mankinds oldest activities, as evidenced by writings and equipment found in tombs and other places. It was regulated, which as a rule meant severely curtailed, in the laws of ancient China and Rome as well as in the Jewish Talmud and by Islam and Buddhism, and in ancient Egypt inveterate gamblers could be sentenced to forced labour in the quarries. The origin of gambling is considered to be divinatory: by casting marked sticks and other objects and interpreting the outcome, man sought knowledge of the future and the intentions of the gods. From this it was a very short step to betting on the outcome of the throws. The Bible contains many references to the casting of lots to divide property. One well-known instance is the casting of lots by Roman guards (which in all likelihood meant that they threw knucklebones) for the garment of Jesus during the Crucifixion. This is mentioned in all four of the Gospels and has been used for centuries as a warning example by antigambling crusaders. However, in ancient times casting lots was not considered to be gambling in the modern sense but instead was connected with inevitable destiny, or fate. Anthropologists have also pointed to the fact that gambling is more prevalent in societies where there is a widespread belief in gods and spirits whose benevolence may be sought. The casting of lots, not infrequently dice, has been used in many cultures to dispense justice and point out criminals at trialsin Sweden as late as 1803. The Greek word for justice, dike, comes from a word that means to throw, in the sense of throwing dice.

European history is riddled with edicts, decrees, and encyclicals banning and condemning gambling, which indirectly testify to its popularity in all strata of society. Organized gambling on a larger scale and sanctioned by governments and other authorities in order to raise money began in the 15th century with lotteriesand centuries earlier in China with keno. With the advent of legal gambling houses in the 17th century, mathematicians began to take a serious interest in games with randomizing equipment (such as dice and cards), out of which grew the field of probability theory.

Apart from forerunners in ancient Rome and Greece, organized sanctioned sports betting dates back to the late 18th century. About that time there began a gradual, albeit irregular, shift in the official attitude toward gambling, from considering it a sin to considering it a vice and a human weakness and, finally, to seeing it as a mostly harmless and even entertaining activity. Additionally, the Internet has made many forms of gambling accessible on an unheard-of scale. By the beginning of the 21st century, approximately four out of five people in Western nations gambled at least occasionally. The swelling number of gamblers in the 20th century highlighted the personal and social problem of pathological gambling, in which individuals are unable to control or limit their gambling. During the 1980s and 90s, pathological gambling was recognized by medical authorities in several countries as a cognitive disorder that afflicts slightly more than 1 percent of the population, and various treatment and therapy programs were developed to deal with the problem.

Read more:

Gambling | Britannica.com

Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Their laws were gambling laws–how to play the game.Had I been playing for myself, I think I should have left at once, and never have embarked upon gambling at all, for I could feel my heart beginning to beat, and my heart was anything but cold-blooded.The only excesses indulged in by this temperate and exemplary people, appear to be gambling and horseracing.He had looked on at a great deal of gambling in Paris, watching it as if it had been a disease.In a row, against the opposite wall, were the gambling games.Dolokhov, who had reappeared that year in Moscow after his exile and his Persian adventures, and was leading a life of luxury, gambling, and dissipation, associated with his old Petersburg comrade Kuragin and made use of him for his own ends.In fact, I have no intention of going there again, since every one is for gambling, and for nothing but gambling.A FARMER being about to die, and knowing that during his illness his Sons had permitted the vineyard to become overgrown with weeds while they improved the shining hour by gambling with the doctor, said to them:A great portion of their time is passed in revelry, music, dancing, and gambling.He brought back one or two new habits with him, one of which he rather openly practiced–tippling–but concealed another, which was gambling.You were gambling with poor old Monty for his daughter’s picture against a bottle of brandy.Though Frascati’s and the Salon were open at that time in Paris, the mania for play was so widely spread that the public gambling-rooms did not suffice for the general ardour, and gambling went on in private houses as much as if there had been no public means for gratifying the passion.

Read the original post:

Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Gambling | Britannica.com

Gambling, the betting or staking of something of value, with consciousness of risk and hope of gain, on the outcome of a game, a contest, or an uncertain event whose result may be determined by chance or accident or have an unexpected result by reason of the bettors miscalculation.

The outcomes of gambling games may be determined by chance alone, as in the purely random activity of a tossed pair of dice or of the ball on a roulette wheel, or by physical skill, training, or prowess in athletic contests, or by a combination of strategy and chance. The rules by which gambling games are played sometimes serve to confuse the relationship between the components of the game, which depend on skill and chance, so that some players may be able to manipulate the game to serve their own interests. Thus, knowledge of the game is useful for playing poker or betting on horse racing but is of very little use for purchasing lottery tickets or playing slot machines.

A gambler may participate in the game itself while betting on its outcome (card games, craps), or he may be prevented from any active participation in an event in which he has a stake (professional athletics, lotteries). Some games are dull or nearly meaningless without the accompanying betting activity and are rarely played unless wagering occurs (coin tossing, poker, dice games, lotteries). In other games betting is not intrinsically part of the game, and the association is merely conventional and not necessary to the performance of the game itself (horse racing, football pools). Commercial establishments such as casinos and racetracks may organize gambling when a portion of the money wagered by patrons can be easily acquired by participation as a favoured party in the game, by rental of space, or by withdrawing a portion of the betting pool. Some activities of very large scale (horse racing, lotteries) usually require commercial and professional organizations to present and maintain them efficiently.

Read More on This Topic

sports: Gambling and sports

One of the most popular forms of gambling is wagering on sports, which taps into the passion of sports fans. A bet placed on a race or a game allows fans to prove their knowledge of a sport or to show their

A rough estimate of the amount of money legally wagered annually in the world is about $10 trillion (illegal gambling may exceed even this figure). In terms of total turnover, lotteries are the leading form of gambling worldwide. State-licensed or state-operated lotteries expanded rapidly in Europe and the United States during the late 20th century and are widely distributed throughout most of the world. Organized football (soccer) pools can be found in nearly all European countries, several South American countries, Australia, and a few African and Asian countries. Most of these countries also offer either state-organized or state-licensed wagering on other sporting events.

Betting on horse racing is a leading form of gambling in English-speaking countries and in France. It also exists in many other countries. Wherever horse racing is popular, it has usually become a major business, with its own newspapers and other periodicals, extensive statistical services, self-styled experts who sell advice on how to bet, and sophisticated communication networks that furnish information to betting centres, bookmakers and their employees, and workers involved with the care and breeding of horses. The same is true, to a smaller extent, of dog racing. The emergence of satellite broadcasting technology has led to the creation of so-called off-track betting facilities, in which bettors watch live telecasts at locations away from the racetrack.

Casinos or gambling houses have existed at least since the 17th century. In the 20th century they became commonplace and assumed almost a uniform character throughout the world. In Europe and South America they are permitted at many or most holiday resorts but not always in cities. In the United States casinos were for many years legal only in Nevada and New Jersey and, by special license, in Puerto Rico, but most other states now allow casino gambling, and betting facilities operate clandestinely throughout the country, often through corruption of political authorities. Roulette is one of the principal gambling games in casinos throughout France and Monaco and is popular throughout the world. Craps is the principal dice game at most American casinos. Slot and video poker machines are a mainstay of casinos in the United States and Europe and also are found in thousands of private clubs, restaurants, and other establishments; they are also common in Australia. Among the card games played at casinos, baccarat, in its popular form chemin de fer, has remained a principal gambling game in Great Britain and in the continental casinos most often patronized by the English at Deauville, Biarritz, and the Riviera resorts. Faro, at one time the principal gambling game in the United States, has become obsolete. Blackjack is the principal card game in American casinos. The French card game trente et quarante (or rouge et noir) is played at Monte-Carlo and a few other continental casinos. Many other games may also be found in some casinosfor example, sic bo, fan-tan, and pai-gow poker in Asia and local games such as boule, banca francesa, and kalooki in Europe.

At the start of the 21st century, poker exploded in popularity, principally through the high visibility of poker tournaments broadcast on television and the proliferation of Internet playing venues. Another growing form of Internet gambling is the so-called betting exchangesInternet Web sites on which players make wagers with one another, with the Web site taking a small cut of each wager in exchange for organizing and handling the transaction.

In a wide sense of the word, stock markets may also be considered a form of gambling, albeit one in which skill and knowledge on the part of the bettors play a considerable part. This also goes for insurance; paying the premium on ones life insurance is, in effect, a bet that one will die within a specified time. If one wins (dies), the win is paid out to ones relatives, and if one loses (survives the specified time), the wager (premium) is kept by the insurance company, which acts as a bookmaker and sets the odds (payout ratios) according to actuarial data. These two forms of gambling are considered beneficial to society, the former acquiring venture capital and the latter spreading statistical risks.

Events or outcomes that are equally probable have an equal chance of occurring in each instance. In games of pure chance, each instance is a completely independent one; that is, each play has the same probability as each of the others of producing a given outcome. Probability statements apply in practice to a long series of events but not to individual ones. The law of large numbers is an expression of the fact that the ratios predicted by probability statements are increasingly accurate as the number of events increases, but the absolute number of outcomes of a particular type departs from expectation with increasing frequency as the number of repetitions increases. It is the ratios that are accurately predictable, not the individual events or precise totals.

The probability of a favourable outcome among all possibilities can be expressed: probability (p) equals the total number of favourable outcomes (f) divided by the total number of possibilities (t), or p = f/t. But this holds only in situations governed by chance alone. In a game of tossing two dice, for example, the total number of possible outcomes is 36 (each of six sides of one die combined with each of six sides of the other), and the number of ways to make, say, a seven is six (made by throwing 1 and 6, 2 and 5, 3 and 4, 4 and 3, 5 and 2, or 6 and 1); therefore, the probability of throwing a seven is 6/36, or 1/6.

In most gambling games it is customary to express the idea of probability in terms of odds against winning. This is simply the ratio of the unfavourable possibilities to the favourable ones. Because the probability of throwing a seven is 1/6, on average one throw in six would be favourable and five would not; the odds against throwing a seven are therefore 5 to 1. The probability of getting heads in a toss of a coin is 1/2; the odds are 1 to 1, called even. Care must be used in interpreting the phrase on average, which applies most accurately to a large number of cases and is not useful in individual instances. A common gamblers fallacy, called the doctrine of the maturity of the chances (or the Monte-Carlo fallacy), falsely assumes that each play in a game of chance is dependent on the others and that a series of outcomes of one sort should be balanced in the short run by the other possibilities. A number of systems have been invented by gamblers largely on the basis of this fallacy; casino operators are happy to encourage the use of such systems and to exploit any gamblers neglect of the strict rules of probability and independent plays. An interesting example of a game where each play is dependent on previous plays, however, is blackjack, where cards already dealt from the dealing shoe affect the composition of the remaining cards; for example, if all of the aces (worth 1 or 11 points) have been dealt, it is no longer possible to achieve a natural (a 21 with two cards). This fact forms the basis for some systems where it is possible to overcome the house advantage.

In some games an advantage may go to the dealer, the banker (the individual who collects and redistributes the stakes), or some other participant. Therefore, not all players have equal chances to win or equal payoffs. This inequality may be corrected by rotating the players among the positions in the game. Commercial gambling operators, however, usually make their profits by regularly occupying an advantaged position as the dealer, or they may charge money for the opportunity to play or subtract a proportion of money from the wagers on each play. In the dice game of crapswhich is among the major casino games offering the gambler the most favourable oddsthe casino returns to winners from 3/5 of 1 percent to 27 percent less than the fair odds, depending on the type of bet made. Depending on the bet, the house advantage (vigorish) for roulette in American casinos varies from about 5.26 to 7.89 percent, and in European casinos it varies from 1.35 to 2.7 percent. The house must always win in the long run. Some casinos also add rules that enhance their profits, especially rules that limit the amounts that may be staked under certain circumstances.

Many gambling games include elements of physical skill or strategy as well as of chance. The game of poker, like most other card games, is a mixture of chance and strategy that also involves a considerable amount of psychology. Betting on horse racing or athletic contests involves the assessment of a contestants physical capacity and the use of other evaluative skills. In order to ensure that chance is allowed to play a major role in determining the outcomes of such games, weights, handicaps, or other correctives may be introduced in certain cases to give the contestants approximately equal opportunities to win, and adjustments may be made in the payoffs so that the probabilities of success and the magnitudes of the payoffs are put in inverse proportion to each other. Pari-mutuel pools in horse-race betting, for example, reflect the chances of various horses to win as anticipated by the players. The individual payoffs are large for those bettors whose winning horses are backed by relatively few bettors and small if the winners are backed by a relatively large proportion of the bettors; the more popular the choice, the lower the individual payoff. The same holds true for betting with bookmakers on athletic contests (illegal in most of the United States but legal in England). Bookmakers ordinarily accept bets on the outcome of what is regarded as an uneven match by requiring the side more likely to win to score more than a simple majority of points; this procedure is known as setting a point spread. In a game of American or Canadian football, for example, the more highly regarded team would have to win by, say, more than 10 points to yield an even payoff to its backers.

Unhappily, these procedures for maintaining the influence of chance can be interfered with; cheating is possible and reasonably easy in most gambling games. Much of the stigma attached to gambling has resulted from the dishonesty of some of its promoters and players, and a large proportion of modern gambling legislation is written to control cheating. More laws have been oriented to efforts by governments to derive tax revenues from gambling than to control cheating, however.

Gambling is one of mankinds oldest activities, as evidenced by writings and equipment found in tombs and other places. It was regulated, which as a rule meant severely curtailed, in the laws of ancient China and Rome as well as in the Jewish Talmud and by Islam and Buddhism, and in ancient Egypt inveterate gamblers could be sentenced to forced labour in the quarries. The origin of gambling is considered to be divinatory: by casting marked sticks and other objects and interpreting the outcome, man sought knowledge of the future and the intentions of the gods. From this it was a very short step to betting on the outcome of the throws. The Bible contains many references to the casting of lots to divide property. One well-known instance is the casting of lots by Roman guards (which in all likelihood meant that they threw knucklebones) for the garment of Jesus during the Crucifixion. This is mentioned in all four of the Gospels and has been used for centuries as a warning example by antigambling crusaders. However, in ancient times casting lots was not considered to be gambling in the modern sense but instead was connected with inevitable destiny, or fate. Anthropologists have also pointed to the fact that gambling is more prevalent in societies where there is a widespread belief in gods and spirits whose benevolence may be sought. The casting of lots, not infrequently dice, has been used in many cultures to dispense justice and point out criminals at trialsin Sweden as late as 1803. The Greek word for justice, dike, comes from a word that means to throw, in the sense of throwing dice.

European history is riddled with edicts, decrees, and encyclicals banning and condemning gambling, which indirectly testify to its popularity in all strata of society. Organized gambling on a larger scale and sanctioned by governments and other authorities in order to raise money began in the 15th century with lotteriesand centuries earlier in China with keno. With the advent of legal gambling houses in the 17th century, mathematicians began to take a serious interest in games with randomizing equipment (such as dice and cards), out of which grew the field of probability theory.

Apart from forerunners in ancient Rome and Greece, organized sanctioned sports betting dates back to the late 18th century. About that time there began a gradual, albeit irregular, shift in the official attitude toward gambling, from considering it a sin to considering it a vice and a human weakness and, finally, to seeing it as a mostly harmless and even entertaining activity. Additionally, the Internet has made many forms of gambling accessible on an unheard-of scale. By the beginning of the 21st century, approximately four out of five people in Western nations gambled at least occasionally. The swelling number of gamblers in the 20th century highlighted the personal and social problem of pathological gambling, in which individuals are unable to control or limit their gambling. During the 1980s and 90s, pathological gambling was recognized by medical authorities in several countries as a cognitive disorder that afflicts slightly more than 1 percent of the population, and various treatment and therapy programs were developed to deal with the problem.

Read more from the original source:

Gambling | Britannica.com

Gambling | Define Gambling at Dictionary.com

[gam-bling]

SynonymsExamplesWord Origin

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[gam-buhl]

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Dictionary.com UnabridgedBased on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Random House, Inc. 2018

I was not with him on the 29th when he was gambling and then drove home and actually got the DUI.

She was gambling on a coin toss where somehow heads, you win would have been politically more advantageous than tails, I lose.

Is gambling culture more desirable than gay culture and counterculture?

But the other side of the coin would be, inevitably, the flowering of crime and corruption around the gambling business.

By joining a private equity firm, the former Florida governor and 2016 hopeful is gambling with his reputation.

It’s Bill that’s spent the money on his cussed booze and gambling.

The gambling houses can do it, and so keep on breaking the law.

My brother should have supported them, but all his money went on the race course, gambling.

This modified form of gambling is especially dangerous to the young.

There was only one passion which he did not concealthe passion for gambling.

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C18: probably variant of game 1

Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

1726 (implied in gambling), from a dialectal survival of Middle English gammlen, variant of gamenen “to play, jest, be merry,” from Old English gamenian “to play, joke, pun,” from gamen (see game). Or possibly gamble is from a derivative of gamel “to play games” (1590s), itself likely a frequentative from game. Originally regarded as a slang word. The intrusive -b- may be from confusion with gambol. Related: Gambled; gambling.

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“risky venture,” 1823, from gamble (v.).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, 2010 Douglas Harper

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Gambling | Define Gambling at Dictionary.com

Gambling | Define Gambling at Dictionary.com

[gam-bling]

SynonymsExamplesWord Origin

Show More

[gam-buhl]

Show More

Show More

Show More

Dictionary.com UnabridgedBased on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Random House, Inc. 2018

I was not with him on the 29th when he was gambling and then drove home and actually got the DUI.

She was gambling on a coin toss where somehow heads, you win would have been politically more advantageous than tails, I lose.

Is gambling culture more desirable than gay culture and counterculture?

But the other side of the coin would be, inevitably, the flowering of crime and corruption around the gambling business.

By joining a private equity firm, the former Florida governor and 2016 hopeful is gambling with his reputation.

It’s Bill that’s spent the money on his cussed booze and gambling.

The gambling houses can do it, and so keep on breaking the law.

My brother should have supported them, but all his money went on the race course, gambling.

This modified form of gambling is especially dangerous to the young.

There was only one passion which he did not concealthe passion for gambling.

Show More

Show More

C18: probably variant of game 1

Collins English Dictionary – Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

1726 (implied in gambling), from a dialectal survival of Middle English gammlen, variant of gamenen “to play, jest, be merry,” from Old English gamenian “to play, joke, pun,” from gamen (see game). Or possibly gamble is from a derivative of gamel “to play games” (1590s), itself likely a frequentative from game. Originally regarded as a slang word. The intrusive -b- may be from confusion with gambol. Related: Gambled; gambling.

Show More

“risky venture,” 1823, from gamble (v.).

Show More

Online Etymology Dictionary, 2010 Douglas Harper

See original here:

Gambling | Define Gambling at Dictionary.com

Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Their laws were gambling laws–how to play the game.Had I been playing for myself, I think I should have left at once, and never have embarked upon gambling at all, for I could feel my heart beginning to beat, and my heart was anything but cold-blooded.The only excesses indulged in by this temperate and exemplary people, appear to be gambling and horseracing.He had looked on at a great deal of gambling in Paris, watching it as if it had been a disease.In a row, against the opposite wall, were the gambling games.Dolokhov, who had reappeared that year in Moscow after his exile and his Persian adventures, and was leading a life of luxury, gambling, and dissipation, associated with his old Petersburg comrade Kuragin and made use of him for his own ends.In fact, I have no intention of going there again, since every one is for gambling, and for nothing but gambling.A FARMER being about to die, and knowing that during his illness his Sons had permitted the vineyard to become overgrown with weeds while they improved the shining hour by gambling with the doctor, said to them:A great portion of their time is passed in revelry, music, dancing, and gambling.He brought back one or two new habits with him, one of which he rather openly practiced–tippling–but concealed another, which was gambling.You were gambling with poor old Monty for his daughter’s picture against a bottle of brandy.Though Frascati’s and the Salon were open at that time in Paris, the mania for play was so widely spread that the public gambling-rooms did not suffice for the general ardour, and gambling went on in private houses as much as if there had been no public means for gratifying the passion.

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Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Glimpse: Virtual Reality For The Masses Might Solve The Problems Social Media Started

Back in December, Facebook admitted something you might have already suspected: too much social media probably isn’t very good for you.

A month prior, Chamath Palihapitiya, a former Facebook VP, put it more bluntly: “The short-term, dopamine-driven feedback loops that we have created are destroying how society works: no civil discourse, no cooperation, misinformation, mistruth,” he said during an interview at Stanford.

That might be a little harsh, but it’s in line with a growing body of research. Excessive social media use has been linked to higher rates of anxiety, depression, increased peer pressure, and negative social comparison. More and more neuroscientists believe it may even be changing the underlying chemistry of our brains.

How will this be treated in the future? Day 180, the sixth episode of Glimpse, a new original sci-fi series from Futurism Studios (a division of Futurism LLC) and DUST explores the effects of these types of addictions. Watch the episode below.

“In a face to face interaction, everything is qualitative,” Lauren Sherman, the author of a 2016 study on the effects of social media on adolescents, told CNN. “You use someone’s gestures or facial expressions, that sort of thing, to see how effective your message is. If you go online, one of the ways you gauge the effectiveness of your message is in the number of likes, favorites or retweets.” In other words, we gauge the success of an online interaction quantitatively, not qualitatively.

Experts now liken this “social quantitative reasoning” to the methods used to make gambling addictive. “The rewards are what psychologists refer to as variable reinforcement schedules and is the key to social media users repeatedly checking their screens,” explained Mark Griffiths, a professor of behavioral addition at Nottingham Trent University, in an interview with The Guardian.

While we don’t yet know if social media can be addictive, it’s clear that sometimes a little break would do us some good. Even some of the companies behind some of these at-times-detrimental tools are making it easier for people to unplug; in May, Google announced its first-ever “Digital Wellbeing” initiative, aimed at developing tools to help users do exactly that.

Clearly, there are things we can do better. But for a lot of people, swearing off social media altogether isn’t exactly an option. A digital presence is increasingly part of the workplace, whether you’re marketing your small business or simply connecting with colleagues in the same field.

Plus, moderate use of digital technologically doesn’t seem to be inherently harmful. Last year, a landmark study of 120,000 adolescents indicated there was a ‘Goldilocks Zone’ for digital screen use. So instead of creating tools to keep us off social media, a better challenge for Silicon Valley, and ideally society as a whole, might be: “How can we reengineer social media to serve people better?”

The answer might just lie in virtual reality.

Getty Images/szfphy/Victor Tangermann

By definition, virtual reality is designed to simulate the real world, immersing us in a digital duplication of it. That, inherently, might protect people from some of the “dopamine-driven feedback loops” they might fall into with social media as we use it now.

And now, the technology is ready to be a part of our everyday lives. The cord-free, phone-free Oculus Go, which Mashable recently called “the iPhone of VR headsets,” may herald in a mass market inflection point.

The Oculus Go’s release is also pushing VR developers toward shared social experiences, instead of individualized play. This is Facebook we’re talking about, after all. Take Oculus Rooms, an app created by Facebook Reality Labs (formerly Oculus Research). Billing itself as your “personalized home base in VR,” Oculus Rooms evokes the customizable chat rooms in Ernest Cline’s Ready Player One to enable close-quarter, face-to-face interaction with a small group of friends joining in from anywhere on Earth.

The emphasis here is on small groups—Oculus Rooms only allows four people to be together at any given time, promoting more meaningful and intimate interactions. The newly expanded Oculus TV offers a similar experience, allowing friends to get together to stream movies and TV together.

Apps that allow small groups of friends to congregate are likely the future of social networking. “What VR does is it takes all the gadgets away, it takes all of the multitasking away and you actually feel like you’re with someone,” Jeremy Bailenson, director of Stanford’s Virtual Human Interaction Lab, explained in an interview with Public Radio International. “We call this social presence — you see their emotions, you see their gestures and it feels just like you’re in the room with them. It takes what is typically seen as something that’s unemotional and distant and makes it feel like somebody is right there with you.”

Bailenson is onto something. Studies have shown that virtual reality is effective in eliciting specific emotions like awe and fear in ways that a smartphone never could. Whether this will ultimately be good or bad for human anthropology remains to be seen, but we’ll find out soon enough.

Ironically — inevitably — it looks like Facebook will be leading the way.

 

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Glimpse: Virtual Reality For The Masses Might Solve The Problems Social Media Started

OnlineGambling.com > #1 Online Gambling Sites Guide 2018

Find a Great US Site and Play Instantly

At OnlineGambling.com, we use our wealth of knowledge tobring you news, reviews and tips surrounding everythingin the online gambling world. So, youll be able to findways in which to improve your game, get guides to thebest casino games to play and receive the best welcomebonuses in the US.

Perhaps most importantly though, well cut through thenoise and tell you the top places at which to play inthe US. This means that we honestly review each andevery online casino, telling you which casinos aretrustworthy, where the good games are located, andeverything else important to you. Currently werank Slots.lv as the top US online casino around, as it meets all ofthe strict criteria we lay down while reviewing eachcasino.

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Whether you want to play at a casino, test your skill at apoker room, or place some bets on sporting events, weve gotthe knowledge to help you get the most from your money.Whether you’re playing baccarat, craps, roulette, blackjack,faro, keno or just hitting the slots, weve produced anumber of handy guides, each of which deals with everythingfrom beginner tactics through to more advanced plays. So, ifyoure serious about becoming the best online gamblerpossible, they should be integral reading for you.

All of the guides we offer are written in plain English, soyou wont get stuck with needless jargon or confusingconcepts. Whats more, they are all free simply click onone and get reading straight away. Dont forget to checkback regularly as well, as our gambling experts are alwaysthinking up new and useful guides to help you become thebest online gambler possible, regardless of whether youre apoker player, slots fanatic or sports betting enthusiast.

Mobile gambling has become one of themost exciting ways to gamble around, giving you the power tohave a spin at a slot machine, or play a hand of poker,wherever you happen to be. Most online casinos and othergambling sites are now offering a mobile version of theirsites to their players, and many are also coming up withinnovative and intuitive apps. These applications enhancethe playing experience on the smartphone even further.

But how can you find great mobile casinos, poker rooms, horseracing betting and sportsbooks? The answer is simple: take alook through the reviews weve compiled of each one. Welllet you know just how good the apps and mobile sites are,plus well also tell you about the selection of mobile gamesoffered by a site, as well as the range of bonuses they havefor mobile players. Once youve finished reading, you shouldhave no problem selecting the best mobile gambling site foryour own needs.

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OnlineGambling.com > #1 Online Gambling Sites Guide 2018

Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Their laws were gambling laws–how to play the game.Had I been playing for myself, I think I should have left at once, and never have embarked upon gambling at all, for I could feel my heart beginning to beat, and my heart was anything but cold-blooded.The only excesses indulged in by this temperate and exemplary people, appear to be gambling and horseracing.He had looked on at a great deal of gambling in Paris, watching it as if it had been a disease.In a row, against the opposite wall, were the gambling games.Dolokhov, who had reappeared that year in Moscow after his exile and his Persian adventures, and was leading a life of luxury, gambling, and dissipation, associated with his old Petersburg comrade Kuragin and made use of him for his own ends.In fact, I have no intention of going there again, since every one is for gambling, and for nothing but gambling.A FARMER being about to die, and knowing that during his illness his Sons had permitted the vineyard to become overgrown with weeds while they improved the shining hour by gambling with the doctor, said to them:A great portion of their time is passed in revelry, music, dancing, and gambling.He brought back one or two new habits with him, one of which he rather openly practiced–tippling–but concealed another, which was gambling.You were gambling with poor old Monty for his daughter’s picture against a bottle of brandy.Though Frascati’s and the Salon were open at that time in Paris, the mania for play was so widely spread that the public gambling-rooms did not suffice for the general ardour, and gambling went on in private houses as much as if there had been no public means for gratifying the passion.

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Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

800 Gambler – Gambling Problem Hotline in NJ | Gambling …

If you or a loved one struggle with a gambling problem, there is hope. Whether you cannot seem to stop casino gambling in Atlantic City or betting on fantasy sports from the comfort of your home, treatment and support are readily available. The Council on Compulsive Gambling of New Jersey (CCGNJ) has helped countless people recover from disordered gambling since its inception. By facilitating access to various programs, services, and other resources, we work to educate the public about this disorder and provide aid to anyone who needs it.

Our free hotline 800-GAMBLER gives disordered gamblers and their loved ones confidential assistance 24/7. If you call or text this number, know that you will be treated with compassion and understanding. Reaching out for help signifies bravery and strength not weakness. If you or a loved one struggle with problem gambling, we offer support, treatment, and hope.

When someone contacts our hotline, we present them with several treatment and rehabilitation options that NJ residents can easily access.

Gamblers Anonymous

Our hotline can help people find local Gamblers Anonymous meetings near Freehold, Monmouth, Marlboro Township, or anywhere else in the state. Gamblers Anonymous meetings in New Jersey allow people to develop a supportive network of peers that have all committed to recovery from disordered gambling. Through this 12-step program, problem gamblers share strategies on how to resist their urges while celebrating each others success. Participating in Gamblers Anonymous greatly improves the chance of recovery.

In most cases, a disordered gamblers closest family members experience some emotional turmoil or trauma, as well. These people are also welcome to attend Gam-Anon meetings. By doing so, they often gain an enhanced understanding of disordered gambling and, in the process, become a better ally in their loved ones recovery.

Treatment Providers and In-Patient Facilities

Through our hotline, disordered gamblers can also find professional counselors that can help them stop their problematic behavior. Through therapy, people with this disorder can better understand the underlying factors or motivations that may have led them to behavior like excessive sports gambling in Atlantic City in the first place. Cognitive behavioral therapy techniques also help these individuals become more mindful of their thought patterns, giving them more control over their own behavior.

Sometimes, disordered gamblers may feel that they need a serious intervention. In those cases, in-patient facilities can give them the intensive treatment that they require. The patient would live at the facility as they receive structured care and therapy.

Text or Chat Options

Anyone who wants to learn how to stop gambling but would rather not call the hotline can text 800-GAMBLER or chat with a representative online, as well. Whatever your unique needs might be, we seek to accommodate you we only wish to provide help for gambling disorders (sometimes referred to as gambling addiction) in New Jersey to anyone who needs it.

As a private, non-profit organization 501(c)(3), we have dedicated ourselves to helping problem gamblers all throughout NJ. We focus on educating the general public, training professionals throughout the state, referring disordered gamblers and their families to appropriate treatment options, and advocating for increased services to help combat the rate of disordered gambling in the state.

The Council on Compulsive Gambling of New Jersey also advises the New Jersey Department of Human Services and the Division of Mental Health and Addiction Services, provides the executive and legislative branches of the state government with relevant data concerning disordered gambling, and offers assistance to private or public agencies in the state per request. The CCGNJ neither opposes nor endorses legalized gambling; however, we may take positions on various issues when they have an impact on the people we are trying to help.

Whether you live in Atlantic City, Freehold, Marlboro Township, Monmouth, or anywhere else in the state, we can help you recover from disordered gambling. Call or text our hotline, 800-GAMBLER, today.

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800 Gambler – Gambling Problem Hotline in NJ | Gambling …

OnlineGambling.com > #1 Online Gambling Sites Guide 2018

Find a Great US Site and Play Instantly

At OnlineGambling.com, we use our wealth of knowledge tobring you news, reviews and tips surrounding everythingin the online gambling world. So, youll be able to findways in which to improve your game, get guides to thebest casino games to play and receive the best welcomebonuses in the US.

Perhaps most importantly though, well cut through thenoise and tell you the top places at which to play inthe US. This means that we honestly review each andevery online casino, telling you which casinos aretrustworthy, where the good games are located, andeverything else important to you. Currently werank Slots.lv as the top US online casino around, as it meets all ofthe strict criteria we lay down while reviewing eachcasino.

Top SocialCasinos

Top Fantasy SportsSites

Why not try our FREE GAMES before you pick a site?

Sort Games byNewestA to ZZ to AHighest RatedMost Popular

Filter By Game TypeAllSlotsBlackjackRouletteVideo PokerTable GamesArcade

Filter by SoftwareAll1x2 GamingPlay N GoCryptologicElk StudiosBetsoftRivalGenesisBally Wulff

Whether you want to play at a casino, test your skill at apoker room, or place some bets on sporting events, weve gotthe knowledge to help you get the most from your money.Whether you’re playing baccarat, craps, roulette, blackjack,faro, keno or just hitting the slots, weve produced anumber of handy guides, each of which deals with everythingfrom beginner tactics through to more advanced plays. So, ifyoure serious about becoming the best online gamblerpossible, they should be integral reading for you.

All of the guides we offer are written in plain English, soyou wont get stuck with needless jargon or confusingconcepts. Whats more, they are all free simply click onone and get reading straight away. Dont forget to checkback regularly as well, as our gambling experts are alwaysthinking up new and useful guides to help you become thebest online gambler possible, regardless of whether youre apoker player, slots fanatic or sports betting enthusiast.

Mobile gambling has become one of themost exciting ways to gamble around, giving you the power tohave a spin at a slot machine, or play a hand of poker,wherever you happen to be. Most online casinos and othergambling sites are now offering a mobile version of theirsites to their players, and many are also coming up withinnovative and intuitive apps. These applications enhancethe playing experience on the smartphone even further.

But how can you find great mobile casinos, poker rooms, horseracing betting and sportsbooks? The answer is simple: take alook through the reviews weve compiled of each one. Welllet you know just how good the apps and mobile sites are,plus well also tell you about the selection of mobile gamesoffered by a site, as well as the range of bonuses they havefor mobile players. Once youve finished reading, you shouldhave no problem selecting the best mobile gambling site foryour own needs.

Read more here:

OnlineGambling.com > #1 Online Gambling Sites Guide 2018

Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Their laws were gambling laws–how to play the game.Had I been playing for myself, I think I should have left at once, and never have embarked upon gambling at all, for I could feel my heart beginning to beat, and my heart was anything but cold-blooded.The only excesses indulged in by this temperate and exemplary people, appear to be gambling and horseracing.He had looked on at a great deal of gambling in Paris, watching it as if it had been a disease.In a row, against the opposite wall, were the gambling games.Dolokhov, who had reappeared that year in Moscow after his exile and his Persian adventures, and was leading a life of luxury, gambling, and dissipation, associated with his old Petersburg comrade Kuragin and made use of him for his own ends.In fact, I have no intention of going there again, since every one is for gambling, and for nothing but gambling.A FARMER being about to die, and knowing that during his illness his Sons had permitted the vineyard to become overgrown with weeds while they improved the shining hour by gambling with the doctor, said to them:A great portion of their time is passed in revelry, music, dancing, and gambling.He brought back one or two new habits with him, one of which he rather openly practiced–tippling–but concealed another, which was gambling.You were gambling with poor old Monty for his daughter’s picture against a bottle of brandy.Though Frascati’s and the Salon were open at that time in Paris, the mania for play was so widely spread that the public gambling-rooms did not suffice for the general ardour, and gambling went on in private houses as much as if there had been no public means for gratifying the passion.

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Gambling – definition of gambling by The Free Dictionary

Compulsive gambling – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinic

Overview

Compulsive gambling, also called gambling disorder, is the uncontrollable urge to keep gambling despite the toll it takes on your life. Gambling means that you’re willing to risk something you value in the hope of getting something of even greater value.

Gambling can stimulate the brain’s reward system much like drugs or alcohol can, leading to addiction. If you have a problem with compulsive gambling, you may continually chase bets that lead to losses, hide your behavior, deplete savings, accumulate debt, or even resort to theft or fraud to support your addiction.

Compulsive gambling is a serious condition that can destroy lives. Although treating compulsive gambling can be challenging, many people who struggle with compulsive gambling have found help through professional treatment.

Signs and symptoms of compulsive gambling (gambling disorder) include:

Unlike most casual gamblers who stop when losing or set a loss limit, people with a compulsive gambling problem are compelled to keep playing to recover their money a pattern that becomes increasingly destructive over time.

Some people with a compulsive gambling problem may have remission where they gamble less or not at all for a period of time. However, without treatment, the remission usually isn’t permanent.

Have family members, friends or co-workers expressed concern about your gambling? If so, listen to their worries. Because denial is almost always a feature of compulsive or addictive behavior, it may be difficult for you to realize that you have a problem.

If you recognize your own behavior from the list of signs and symptoms for compulsive gambling, seek professional help.

Exactly what causes someone to gamble compulsively isn’t well-understood. Like many problems, compulsive gambling may result from a combination of biological, genetic and environmental factors.

Although most people who play cards or wager never develop a gambling problem, certain factors are more often associated with compulsive gambling:

Compulsive gambling can have profound and long-lasting consequences for your life, such as:

Although there’s no proven way to prevent a gambling problem, educational programs that target individuals and groups at increased risk may be helpful.

If you have risk factors for compulsive gambling, consider avoiding gambling in any form, people who gamble and places where gambling occurs. Get treatment at the earliest sign of a problem to help prevent gambling from becoming worse.

Oct. 22, 2016

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Compulsive gambling – Symptoms and causes – Mayo Clinic


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