Heres What Would Happen if Earth Collided With a Black Hole – Futurism

November 4th 19__Dan Robitzski__Filed Under: Hard Science

A new online tool calculates just how much cosmic destruction a run-in between the Earth and a black hole would cause.

The aptly-named Black Hole Collision Calculator determines how much a black hole would expand and the amount of energy it would release if it absorbed the Earth or any other object, since the calculator is totally customizable, Space.com reports.

Particle physicist lvaro Dez created the tool, which is hosted on the calculator database project Omni Calculator. Based on his calculations, a black hole swallowing the Earth would release some 55 quintillion times the planets annual energy consumption.

But even that destructive event would be a light snack for a supermassive black hole its event horizon would only expand by a hundredth of a trillionth of a percent, per the calculator.

The main flaw with the calculator? The artistic rendering of a black hole obliterating the Earth that pops up next to the results doesnt change to match any increasingly goofy collisions.

READ MORE: See What a Black Hole Would Do to Earth with Online Collision Calculator [Space.com]

More on cosmic annihilation: Two Supermassive Black Holes Are on a Devastating Crash Course

Up Next__Heres How Boeing is Planning to Get Astronauts to the Moon >>>

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Heres What Would Happen if Earth Collided With a Black Hole - Futurism

This AI Decodes Your Brainwaves and Draws What You’re Looking at – Futurism

Researchers have created an AI that draws what a person in looking at in real time just by reading and decoding their brain waves. Perhaps most impressive of all, the technique is noninvasive, with all the brainwave information gathered througha cyberpunk-looking, electrode-covered electroencephalography (EEG) headset.

Researchers used to think that studying brain processes via EEG is like figuring out the internal structure of a steam engine by analyzing the smoke left behind by a steam train, researcher Grigory Rashkov said in a press release. We did not expect that it contains sufficient information to even partially reconstruct an image observed by a person. Yet it turned out to be quite possible.

The team, from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology and Russian corporation Neurobotics, started their study available on the preprint server bioRxiv by placing a cap of electrodes on participants scalps so that they could record their brain waves.

They then had each participant watch 20 minutes worth of 10-second-long video fragments. The subject of each fragment fell into one of five categories, and the researchers found they could tell which category of video a participant was watching just by looking at their EEG data.

For the next phase of the research, the scientists developed two neural networks. They trained one to generate images in three of the tested categories from visual noise, and the other to turn EEG data into comparable noise. When paired together, the AIs were able to draw surprisingly accurate images of what a person was looking at solely from their real-time EEG data.

Under present-day technology, the invasive neural interfaces envisioned by Elon Musk face the challenges of complex surgery and rapid deterioration due to natural processes they oxidize and fail within several months, Rashkov said. We hope we can eventually design more affordable neural interfaces that do not require implantation.

READ MORE: Neural network reconstructs human thoughts from brain waves in real time [Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology]

More on AI: What Are YOU Looking At? Mind-Reading AI Knows

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This AI Decodes Your Brainwaves and Draws What You're Looking at - Futurism

BVHS’s Trident Theatre troupe goes Neo-Futurist with 30 plays in 60 minutes this weekend – Chaffee County Times

Calvin Tattershall and Gabriella Wagner rehearse lines for this weekends presentation of Too Much Light Makes the Baby Go Blind: 30 Neo-Futurist Plays in 60 Minutes at The Loft Orpheum Theater on East Main Street. Shows take place at 7 p.m., Thursday, Nov. 7; at 7 p.m., Friday, Nov. 8 and at 2 and 7 p.m., Saturday, Nov. 9. Tickets are $9 each plus the role of a six-sided dice to determine final price.

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BVHS's Trident Theatre troupe goes Neo-Futurist with 30 plays in 60 minutes this weekend - Chaffee County Times

Scientists Accidentally Recreate Big Bang Detonation in the Lab – Futurism

Ask a scientist or anyone, really about the birth of the universe, and theyll probably tell you it started with the Big Bang.

What nobody knows, though, is what caused that explosion. Some suspect the Big Bang was actually a massive star going supernova, but again, no one knows what exactly causes those stars to ignite, either.

That might have just changed, though, thanks to a University of Central Florida research team that says it discovered the conditions necessary for a Big Bang explosion in their lab without actually intending to.

A team led by Kareem Ahmed, an assistant professor in UCFs Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, was testing methods for producing hypersonic jet propulsion when it discovered that a passive flame could accelerate and explode on its own.

We explore these supersonic reactions for propulsion, and as a result of that, we came across this mechanism that looked very interesting, Ahmed said in a press release. When we started to dig deeper, we realized that this is relatable to something as profound as the origin of the universe.

What his team discovered was that turbulence could cause a passive flame, like that of a candle, to self-accelerate and eventually detonate.

From there, the team created a two-inch-by-two-inch shock tube that induces the turbulence needed for a passive flame to become active essentially, the researchers found a way to create Little Bangs mimicking the big one that birthed our universe.

Were taking a simplified flame to where its reacting at five times the speed of sound, Ahmed said in the release.

Theyve detailed their work in a paper published Friday in the journal Science. Aside from potential applications in air and space travel, the researchers believe their study could improve our understanding of the Big Bang, and maybe even what if anything preceded it.

READ MORE: Scientists recreate origin of the universe in a lab [Inverse]

More on the Big Bang: New Research: There May Have Been Dark Matter Before Big Bang

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Scientists Accidentally Recreate Big Bang Detonation in the Lab - Futurism

This Startup Is Aging Red Wine on the International Space Station – Futurism

An unusual payload launched for the International Space Station this weekend. Among the 8,200 pounds of research, crew supplies, and hardware contained in a Northrup Grumman resupply rocket, there were also twelve bottles of wine, as pointed out by TechCrunch.

Sadly, the wine isnt meant for astronaut consumption. The twelve ISS-bound bottles of an undisclosed varietal are the work of French startup Space Cargo Unlimited, which gave the mission the whimsical Latin name Vitis Vinum in Spatium Experimentia, which translates roughly to Wine Grape in Space Experiment. The project is meant to study the effects of microgravity and space radiation on the aging process of wine.

For the next twelve months, the wine will remain on the ISS, sealed in its glass bottles, while samples from the batch age simultaneously back on Earth. After the space wine returns to Earth, the researchers will analyze both samples to determine how space aging affects the fermentation process of wine,including a bit of taste testing to see how flavors may have changed.

According to Space Cargo Unlimiteds website, the mission is the first privately lead comprehensive research program on the ISS to focus on the future of agriculture for a changing Earth.

But it isnt the first time fermented beverages have left the launchpad. In fact, both beer and whisky have both made space debuts. There was once even a time when Russian cosmonauts tippled cognac on the since-decommissioned space station Mir at the request of doctors who claimed, dubiously, that it might have health benefits.

The Space Cargo project will hopefully produce insights into space fermentation, but may also represent a first tentative step toward establishing space-based commerce. Thats because of the startups business model which, as reported by Quartz, involves a system in which the research will be paid for in part by a luxury goods partnership that will deliver a customized chest full of objects flown to space to ultra-wealthy sponsors, called patrons, who back the project. The highlight of that chest will be a bottle of the wine.

Such a plan, though gimmicky, isnt entirely farfetched. In a climate where NASAs budget is facing ever-tighter restrictions, the future may depend more on space PR stunts, such as this one. But hey, if thats what it takes to put space-aged Cab Sauv on the wine list, well drink.

READ MORE: A startup just launched red wine to the International Space Station to age for 12 months [TechCrunch]

More on Future Beverages: Five Ways Science Will Change The Way We Drink

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This Startup Is Aging Red Wine on the International Space Station - Futurism

An Oral History Of Blade Runner’s 2019 Los Angeles, Because The Future Has Arrived – laist.com

The Blade Runner future that we haven't quite reached. (Courtesy Warner Bros.)From Blade Runner's opening titles. (Courtesy Warner Bros.)

Los Angeles November, 2019.

Early in the 21st century, LAist has put together an L.A.-centric oral history of the 1982 seminal science fiction film Blade Runner.

Thirty-seven years after it came out, we are now in the month that the movie took place. At the end of the month, Blade Runner's Los Angeles of the future will officially take place in the past. Hold on tight for this trip through time and space.

We've spent months speaking with some of the minds that helped bring you the film.

Below is an account of how they created Blade Runner's fictional November 2019 and what they think about how the real one turned out.


As the movie was developed, the plan wasn't always for it to be set in L.A.

Screenwriter Hampton Fancher: There were a lot of elsewheres. There were some great places to overlay our deal on, citywise Hong Kong, Mexico City. In the beginning, we were talking about about London.

Visual Futurist Syd Mead: Originally, the theoretical city in which Blade Runner was taking place was called "San Angeles," on the imagination that it would be constant city from San Francisco all the way down to the border to Mexico.

Los Angeles was just convenient for cost purposes for shooting you didn't have to move out of the city.

Production Executive Katy Haber: I went with [Blade Runner director] Ridley [Scott] looking for locations in Chicago and New York, because he was looking for the most appropriate city where he could find the best locations, and we couldn't find any locations that represented his vision of what Blade Runner would be. And so we decided to stick to Los Angeles, and shoot the whole film on the Warner Brothers lot.

Fancher: But in the writing, before that, Ridley's got a rich imagination, and I'm crazy so I kept writing for different climates and different circumstances, mechanically and weatherwise. So it did change around a lot, before it finally got simple, into L.A.

Art Director David L. Snyder: The whole idea was, OK, we would shoot in L.A. wherever we could the Bradbury Building, Union Station.


One of Hampton Fancher's friends gave him money to option an existing property, with the hope of Fancher legitimizing himself in Hollywood.

Fancher: It shows how out of it I was in trying to be in it, acknowledging that I was out of it to myself, and then thinking, "OK, how do I stop being out of it? Well, I get some legitimate illogical narrative ideas" some novel, you know?

So I decided on three writers that I might be able to option their material and get some producer, or myself as producer, and then get some writer to do a screenplay on it, and maybe make a movie.

And so the three projects were Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep, Naked Lunch, and a collection of Bukowski. Which, in 1975, forget it I mean, that was nuts. Hollywood would not touch any of that, but I was looking for something "commercial," and I thought that all of these things were coming.

There would be no Blade Runner if there was no Ray Bradbury. I couldn't find Philip K. Dick. His agent didn't even know where he was. And so I gave up.

And then I was walking down the street and I ran into Bradbury he directed a play that I was going to do as an actor, so we know each other, but he yelled "hi" and I'd forgot who he was.

So at [my girlfriend Barbara Hershey's] urging I was with her at that moment she said, "Talk to him! That guy really wants to talk to you," and I said "No, f- him," and keep walking.

But then I did, and then I realized who it was, and I thought, "Wait, he's in that realm, maybe he knows Philip K. Dick." I said, "You know a guy named" "Yeah, sure you want his phone number?"

My friend paid my rent for a year while I wrote, because it turned out we couldn't get a writer. My friends kept on me about, well [if you can't get a writer,] then you write.

So then, as soon as I started, I got totally involved. I was really immersed, and I worked hard at it, and the rest is Blade Runner. It was mercenary. But when I started writing it, then I became sincere, and it became significant to me.


Syd Mead hadn't worked in Hollywood before, so when Ridley Scott wanted to bring him on board to design the future, Haber came up with the idea of crediting him as a "visual futurist."

Snyder: Ridley was the executive production designer, due to the fact that he had been a BBC art director and had art directed and directed in films, shot camerawork, many commercials.

Syd Mead was the futurist. If I were doing a film on, say, the second World War, I'd go back to the archives and do the research, and there's plenty of it stills, magazines, print, film archives.

And in this case, because the film took place 40 years in the future, we depended on Syd, who was an industrial designer he's not an art director, or a production designer, he's a real-life designer.

We all decided, let's do something great.

Mead: [My primary influence was] from Chicago and New York, because they're grid cities. And New York already had buildings over 1,000 feet well, the Empire State Building. And so I thought, well let's add another thousand feet or so why not?

So I had this vision of these incredible tall buildings, and that triggered the idea of how do you get in and out of a building that's 3,000 feet tall? Well, you need access on the ground plane. And that's why they had these pyramids at the bottom, for greater access around the perimeter to get into the building in the first place.

Snyder: What Ridley said was, he would draw, and Syd Mead would draw, and everyone would draw, and then "the poor bastard art departments" had to build everything.

On the first day of shooting, Ridley would look through the lens, and everything would change. My job became the reconstructor art director, turning everything upside-down and sideways, to better effect because Ridley's brilliant.


Fancher: The reason I was able to write the movie, and not be distracted as I always am by a million other things, is because I was very serious about the demise of the planet. You know, this is '75. This is acid [rain]. Until 1980, it was like, Whole Earth Catalog, CoEvolution. It was important to me.

Snyder: It was an idea that the environment is crumbling, and the idea was that the rain in the film was like acid rain. That's why people were moving off-world to get off this planet before it disintegrated.

I think we were making a statement about the government, and the future, and the climate, and the disparaging rift between rich and poor.

Fancher: I mean, I was devastated that animals were disappearing at the rate they were disappearing the rainforest was going bye-bye. It was like, "this is f-ed up," and I was angry and sad.

And so that idea kept me rolling, because I had something to write for. I got the cue from the book, but I was in that mindset anyway.

Fancher was replaced on the film by writer David Peoples, who executed Ridley Scott's vision for what needed to happen with the screenplay.

Fancher: I was devastated. I hated it. I didn't understand that it might be a good idea. If David Peoples hadn't have come, there would be no Blade Runner that's for sure.

Because where I was going was not right I mean, it would have been a different movie. If he hadn't have come, if I would've stayed, Blade Runner would have been one of those little movies Soylent Green, or something that maybe you could rent once in a while or something, but we wouldn't know about it.


Fancher: [Ridley] was location hunting when I was writing, and I remember him coming back from a scout, telling me that he'd seen a building that he liked. And I remember screaming, "What?! You can't use the Bradbury Building!"

And he said, "Why Not?" I said, "Because you're a Brit you don't understand, that's been in every f-ing TV show, every other day, for 50 years."

He was walking out the door, and I said, "I'm telling you, you're making a big f-ing mistake." And he said, "No, I'm not." And I said something about the way that it had been done it had been done in every detective show, and every hot show it's been seen.

And then he laughed, and he looked at me "Not the way I'll do it." And I thought, "You arrogant idiot."

Snyder: That was a working building at the time, and when I built the marquee outside, the canopy, we couldn't touch their building at all. So what we had to do, old-school, was take a calipers and measure the building, and then cut everything to it, and then gently push the building into place without even touching their building.

So if you look close at those scenes, with Pris Darryl Hannah if you look close, you can see that there's a tiny little space between my set, and the Bradbury Building.

Haber: We shot the entire end of the film, and J.F.'s apartment, in the Bradbury Building. But the Bradbury Building is a fully functioning and existing office block.

Snyder: The interior, we started shooting at 6 o'clock at night, and we had to be out by 6 o'clock in the morning, and we had rain inside the building.

What we did was, we got barrels of crumbled cork, which looks like dirt. So we spread the cork all over the floors, as opposed to dirt, because it looks like dirt. And in the morning, we would just sweep up the cork, which had absorbed the majority of the water, and mop the floors down, and we had to do it every night.

It was really treacherous and difficult. And with Ridley, there was no "I can't do it, I don't know how" it just had to be done.

Fancher: Boy, was [Ridley] right. There's reasons for his confidence. He f-ing nailed it.


The movie features a climactic chase, with Rutger Hauer's Roy Batty hunting down Harrison Ford's Rick Deckard.

Snyder: So we went to a building downtown it's called the Rosslyn Hotel, the Million Dollar Hotel. Many films have been shot there, music videos, and it has a heart-shaped neon sign on the rooftop.

He has to jump from one rooftop to the other. Well, of course, it's quite dangerous. I consulted an engineer, and he said the building was built in 1912. It was derelict when I was there I mean, it was really in bad shape.

So he said that we would have to build another platform on top of the rooftop to take the weight of all the equipment and the crew, and it was going to be maybe 50,000, 100,000 dollars.

I said to Ridley, look, you know what: I can build a building on the backlot that's 20 feet high, 20 feet wide, and 20 feet deep, and I'll put it on wheels, and we'll be able to move it around. Which we did, frequently.

So it's a landmark building it's the one landmark building that I reproduced, meticulously. I mean, it's a dead match to the building. And that cornice on the roof is made of steel well mine is made of fiberglass, but who knows, except me.

And Harrison Ford was able to climb up to the rooftop because I had him get on a lift, and he would put his hands where he would reach, and I would mark the chalk, and we'd cut out a hole and put rubber tubing so he could grab it. So when he's ascending the rooftop there, he looks like he's pretty good at it, but I gave him a little help.

[Ridley] would say "Do this," and I would do that, and he would say "OK, I want something moving in the frame" at 3 o'clock in the morning, and I would come up with things like the landmark piece in the film.

All those fans turning and strobe-lights they weren't there the day we got there. They were made up of paper plates and cardboard, and put on C-stands, and there were no motors, and so the prop guys would have to spin the fans and then run out of the shot. [laughing]

It was a DIY situation for me, where he would say "Make something happen," and I would say "What do you want me to make happen?" And he said, "Well you're the art director, you figure it out."


Fancher: [Ridley Scott and I] definitely had disagreements. And it was my fault. I was naive and stupid. I didn't know I thought that the project was mine, you know?

He was extremely inspiring. But I also had trouble. By the way, the things I disagreed with it turns out he was right and I was wrong, for sure. I was naive about heroes.

Haber: I spent many weeks at the Chateau Marmont with David [Peoples] rewriting Hampton Fancher's original screenplay.

The problem was that Hampton was around when David was at the Chateau Marmont, and at first he didn't know it was happening.

Fancher: [Ridley's] good. He knows the business of making a movie, and what has to happen, and I never have. I'm not realistic that way. And he's very realistic.

So we had two falling outs. I left the picture, but I came back at the end, and we continue to know each other. I adore him.

For a while, I didn't want anything to do with the picture I tried to get my name off it. So that's how stupid I am.


Fancher: I didn't like that Rachel, I thought, was weakened. I wanted her to be more powerful than everybody mentally, emotionally. [In mocking voice] "Oh, god, what am I going to do?" I didn't want that, and I fought that and I was wrong.

And I wanted Deckard to be even more vulnerable, and I was wrong there too. When Batty's going to drop him off the roof, Ridley wanted me to have Deckard be defiant. I said, "He'll suck his d-! He'll do anything he's not defiant!"

The chess game I thought that was ridiculous. He gets into the Tyrell Corporation playing chess? The most surveilled place on the planet? He goes up an elevator with Roy Batty the most sought after renegade in the world? Noooo. I had another way to do it.

Then I think, they're whispering behind my back, "Well, Hampton doesn't seem to understand movies, Saturday matinees, whatever." You can get away with things, the audience will love it whatever that is. And I was being, in some stupid artistic way, conservative. So there were a lot of things I resisted in fact, I didn't cooperate.


Mead: Once we got going, the whole Warner Brothers backlot became Blade Runner Land.

Snyder: That was when the decision was made that we only shot at nighttime. Because at nighttime, like in Tokyo or whatever the distance from the camera across the backlot, you don't know what's beyond that it could be Hong Kong.

Mead: I knew Ridley wanted to have a very dense, packed set look to the whole thing. So once I got pictures of the backlot, I started to overlay them with a lot of stuff wiring, and tubing, and so forth.

The idea of the city as a machine took on a whole new idea we called the look "trash chic," or "retro deco." I mashed together every single architectural style I could think of, indiscriminately, just to make it look packed up and eclectic.

Snyder: This is the first film that Ridley did in Hollywood, L.A. So he had this idea, the most brilliant idea of all: we would go night-scouting in downtown L.A., which was really treacherous, really tough.

And so, Ridley said, "Look there's 1920 on this building, and then they put a layer of 1940 on the building, and then they put a layer of 1960 on the building," and it was a stratification thing.

So when it was decided that we were going to shoot on the Warner Brothers backlot the buildings that were built on the backlot started in 1924. And then went through all those periods, from 1924 to 1980.

When we were in pre-production, Ridley took us into the screening room and we ran the film Logan's Run. And at the end of the film, he said, "Do you see that? We don't want to do any of that, at all. This is exactly what we don't want to do the Earth is leveled, and you start over again."

Mead: The first thing Ridley said out of his mouth was, "This is not going to be Logan's Run." I thought, "Well, that gives me a clue."

Snyder: We started with 1920, and 1940 the backlot, various structures over time and then we added 2019 to it. The layers, and layers, and layers of stuff is what really makes that film look like it does.

Fancher: I didn't understand money at all. I remember a scene, and they told me, "We don't have the money for the street." I said, "What do you mean, money for the street?" "We can't lengthen the f-ing street in the backlot of Warner Brothers to accommodate that." And I said, "Well, just do it it's movies."


Snyder: We all, filmmakers, prefer the Final Cut, because [Ridley] was in charge of the Final Cut. As far as the "director's cut," he wasn't that involved in it.

Haber: We shot the last two weeks in one week, so as not to lose Ridley, god forbid and then the directors strike never happened. So we shot two weeks in one week, and the overtime for the crew meant they shot 24/7, [which cost] 5 million.

That put the movie over-budget, leading to Scott and the other producers being removed from the film, with financiers Bud Yorkin and Jerry Perenchio taking over post-production. Haber was the one member of the producing staff kept on under the new administration.

Haber: When Ridley wanted to do his next two cuts on DVD, he had to get permission from them, because they owned the film.

[When the movie came out,] I felt like I was giving birth in public. And it was really difficult, because it was Bud Yorkin's version of the film, which is why it was not so successful.

The narration, which Bud Yorkin and I dubbed with Harrison Ford, with Harrison doing it very badly in the hope that it wasn't going to be used it was not written by Hampton Fancher or David Peoples. It was written by Bud Yorkin's writer [Roland Kibbee].

And unfortunately, it was used, to Bud Yorkin's and Ridley Scott's demise. Ridley originally called it "Irving the explainer." [Yorkin] used it to tell the story, so Irving the Explainer was the perfect term to describe how irrelevant it was and unnecessary it was, and expecting the audience not to understand the film, so you needed Deckard to explain it.

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An Oral History Of Blade Runner's 2019 Los Angeles, Because The Future Has Arrived - laist.com

Scientist Rita J. King wears sparkly dress to NASA talk – TODAY

Scientists can be sparkly, and Rita J. King, a scientist who co-directs Science House in Manhattan, is out to prove it.

King is a futurist, which means she analyzes data and makes projections. In her LinkedIn bio, King explains, "I work with teams and organizations to help them take ideas from mind to market, and individual leaders to help them navigate an increasingly chaotic world."

In a tweet earlier this month, King shared photos of herself in a sparkly golden dress, giving a talk at NASA.

Trending stories,celebrity news and all the best of TODAY.

"I came across this gown and remembered the little girls who sent me a letter and asked me to wear something sparkly... so they could believe that scientists could also be sparkly," King wrote in the post.

King's Twitter followers were quick to praise her for showing young girls the best of both worlds.

"My daughter is obsessed with all things sparkly, and she also likes to use tools and tinker," wrote one Twitter user. "I love that she can see women like you!"

"Yes. You have inspired me to take my tiara to work and wear it while Im grant writing!" wrote another.

King made time to respond to her followers' comments, with heart emojis and heartfelt words.

And, in one reply, she said that while she won't always dress in sparkles, she was glad to do it this once.

"I bought it for that talk and thats the only time Ive ever worn it," she wrote.

"I hope you find occasion to wear it again," the follower responded. "It, like you, is born to shine."

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Terri Peters is a writer and editor for TODAY.com and editor of the TODAY Parenting Team. She lives in a small beach town on the Atlantic coast of Florida with her husband and two kids. When she isn't writing, Terri can be found feeding her backyard flock of chickens or exploring Florida's theme parks and beaches with her family.

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Scientist Rita J. King wears sparkly dress to NASA talk - TODAY

Microsoft Is Giving Up On Regular People Ever Using Bing – Futurism

Bing for Business

Microsoft is finally going to stop trying to make its Bingsearch engine happen for consumers, anyway.

A decade after launching its search engine, Microsoft appears ready to acknowledge that the average internet user isnt interested in giving up Google so its now pivoting Bing to target businesses.

On Monday, Microsoft published a blog post announcing its rebranding of Bing as the search engine for business. Mostly, this seems to mean taking a companys intranet a private, internal computer network containing useful information and resources and making it easier to navigate.

Type in the address bar to search for people, using natural language, such as by their title, team name, and office location, Microsoft wrote in the blog post. You can also search for office location, with answers that show floor plans for directions.

Microsoft goes hard on the idea that using Bing in this way will save workers time, citing McKinsey and Company research that found employees spend nearly 20 percent of their day looking for company information or trying to track down colleagues.

Imagine getting a full day of work back each week to either be more productive or get more time back with your family, Microsoft wrote.

However, it fails to mention that the research is from 2012 or how the many, many business-focused collaboration and communications tools that have hit the market since then might already address the problem it claims Microsoft Search in Bing could solve.

READ MORE: Microsofts Bing and browser pivot to business [Axios]

More on search engines: Google Terminated Its Chinese Search Engine Plans

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Microsoft Is Giving Up On Regular People Ever Using Bing - Futurism

Meet the Startup Building Robot Swarms to Mine Ice on the Moon – Futurism

Autonomous Mining Robots

California startup OffWorld has big plans to make resource mining a reality across the Solar System, Space.com reports.

Its plan is to send swarms of smart robots to the surface of distant moons and planets to extract resources including water, in the form of ice, and minerals. First stop: the Earths Moon.

They operate in swarms, collaborating together, making decisions on their own, CEO Jim Keravala told Space.com. For instance, they can sense where the minerals and ore exist [] and act accordingly.

According to OffWorlds master plan,the robots will be small, solar-powered, and capable of acting autonomously.

We have started from the beginning and are currently focusing on developing the first generation of our mining robots for the terrestrial mining sector, reads the plan.

While deployment is years out if the company even makes it to the launch pad the startup is hoping to teach its robots how to do the dirty work using machine learning.

Eventually, OffWorld hopes to have the robots extract ice water on the lunar surface to supply rocket propellant and to support basic construction services for future lunar missions.

In the long term, the 26-employee company is eyeing resource extraction on asteroids and on the surface of Mars.

At some point in time I hope its before we have our first woman and man on the surface we will be deploying our lunar variants to the lunar surface, Keravala added.

READ MORE: OffWorlds Smart Robots Could Swarm Solar System to Help Astronauts and Settlers [Space.com]

More on mining water: NASAs Collaborating With Caterpillar on Moon Mining Machines

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Meet the Startup Building Robot Swarms to Mine Ice on the Moon - Futurism

Elon Musk: Noisy Starship Spaceports Will Be 20 Miles Offshore – Futurism

Travel by Rocket

Its been more than two years since SpaceX announced its plans for long distance travel onboard what it now calls its Starship. The promise: rocketing up to 1,000 people anywhere on Earth, no matter how far, in under one hour an experience Musk likened to Disneys Space Mountain ride earlier this year.

SpaceX has since made a ton of progress on Starship. And in a Monday tweet, SpaceX CEO Elon Musk dropped a new tidbit: Starship spaceports will probably need to be [about] 20 miles offshore for acceptable noise levels, especially for frequent daily flights.

COO Gwynne Shotwell confirmed that the company is still committed to its plans for a transportation system involving Starship in a May 2018 TED Talk.

This is definitely going to happen, she said, adding that it would probably take roughly ten years.

So how will passengers get from the city to these offshore spaceports? Musk suggested in a May 2018 tweet that SpaceX will use underground shuttles.

Its a futuristic vision. But even with ten years, SpaceX has a lot of work to do. The company has yet to launch a fully-equipped Starship rocket, after all, let alone one with passengers on board.

READ MORE: Starship: heres where SpaceX will build those inter-Earth spaceports [Inverse]

More on Starship: SpaceX Definitely Plans to Land Starship on Moon by 2022

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Elon Musk: Noisy Starship Spaceports Will Be 20 Miles Offshore - Futurism

Scientists Discover New Class of Tiny Black Holes – Futurism

It almost seems like astronomers are in a race to unveil the biggest black holes they can find. Most recently, a team of German astronomers claimed to have discovered a black hole 40 billion times the mass of the Sun.

But what if there are also black holes many magnitudes smaller?

In a study published today in the prestigious journal Science, a team of astronomers from Ohio State University claim to have discovered an entirely new and previously missing class of black holes.

Were showing this hint that there is another population out there that we have yet to really probe in the search for black holes, lead author Todd Thompson said in a statement.

If confirmed, current theories would have to take intoaccount an entirely new class of black hole forcing us to rethink how we understand the way stars and other kinds of celestial objects are born and die.

Thompson and his team were puzzled by the huge gap between the size of the biggest neutron stars extremely dense and relatively small stars that form after larger stars implode after a supernova and the smallest black holes we know of.

Neutron stars are fairly small two to three times the mass of the Sun but stars any larger than that tend to collapse in on themselves and form black holes.

Their smoking gun: a giant red star that was orbiting something that at first appeared to be too small to be a black hole in the Milky Way, but that was much bigger than the neutron stars we know of.

The black hole it was orbiting turned out to be only 3.3 times the mass of the Sun usually the black holes weve found in the past are at least five times the Suns mass or much, much larger.

The discovery could redefine the way we look at the lifecycle of a star.

If we could reveal a new population of black holes, it would tell us more about which stars explode, which dont, which form black holes, which form neutron stars, said Thompson. It opens up a new area of study.

READ MORE: Scientists may have discovered whole new class of black holes [The Ohio State University]

More on black holes: Astronomers Just Spotted One of the Biggest Black Holes Ever

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Scientists Discover New Class of Tiny Black Holes - Futurism

Iron man: 10 Things Fans Never Knew About The Mark 1 Armor | CBR – CBR – Comic Book Resources

While Captain America has his shield and the god Thor wields hishammer Mjolnir, Iron Man is pretty much defined by his armor. However, Tony Stark's Iron Man suit isn't made from a secret vibranium-based alloy nor is it adivine godlyrelic. The Iron Man suit is a work of cutting-edge technology and like all tech, it must evolve with the times or riskbecoming obsolete.

RELATED: 10 Beatdowns That Tony Stark Never Should Have Survived

As a futurist, Tony Stark hasprobably strip-mined several major veins of ore to build all his Iron Man armors. But before he developedsuch famed suits as the Hulkbuster armor andEXTREMIS, he builthis firstMark I armor with crude tools from salvaged munitions while held captiveby insurgents. Here are ten facts about the Mark I that only a genius like Tony Stark could know:

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Tony Stark is basically the Steve Jobs of WMDs. As a teenager, he built revolutionary weapons in his dad's garage, reinventing the scienceof micromunitions with his new miniaturized bomblets, then growinghis fortune by developing new military contracts. While abroad to help advise military operations in the field and oversee American troops using his tech, a bomb went off, sending shrapnel jagging into his chest. He was seizedby enemy combatants, taken alive, but slowly dying from his wounds.

Tony's captors wanted himto build them weapons before he died of his wounds. He built the first Iron Man suit instead, using it tofight his way to freedom. Eventually, he'd made other newer armors. But for a very long time, Tony continued to fight wearing his original Mark I Iron Man armor that he built in captivity.

Iron Man is a founding member of the Avengers. Alongside Hulk, Ant-Man, the Wasp, and Thor, the billionaire inventedhelped establish the greatest superhero team in the Marvel Universe. Unlike the other heroes, Tony Stark had no powers. He was just a smart rich unpowered guy ina fancy metal suit.

When he first helped start the Avengers, his armored suit wasn't even all that cutting edge. In fact, when he joined up with the other heroes, he was still wearing the Mark I, the least sophisticatedof all his armors. Still, even thoughit had beenmade with crude tools and leftover parts, it was good enough to make him one of Earth's mightiest heroes.

Just how high- or low-tech the original Mark I is supposed to be depends on who is writing Iron Man at any given moment. Given that the armored Avenger made his debut in Tales of Suspense issue 39 (way back in 1963!) there was not exactly a lot of digital technology around at the time, suggesting his first suit might be an analog armor. Even recent retcons describe his suit as a piece of equipment so unsophisticated he can operate it after taking extreme brain damage.

RELATED: 10 DC Armors More Powerful Than Iron Man's

However, in the original Tales of Suspense story, it's revealed that the Mark I can actually read brain waves! That kind of technology would make the Iron Man armora brilliant invention by even the most modern standards, showing just how geniusTony Stark really is.

As a weapons designer, Tony Stark hasplenty ofblood on his hands. During the "EXTREMIS" storyline which updated his origin story, a reporter informed Tony that 18% of theseedpod bombs which he made for the Air Force had failed to fire at the proper time, resulting in detonations that killed civilian children across the Theater of War.

When Tony Stark invented the Mark I, it saved his life from the shrapnel burying its way toward his heart. It was the first time he ever made something that saved a life. After that, he became a superhero to help others and began using his wealth to philanthropically do the same.

Another tidbit revealed in the "EXTREMIS" story that had profound implications was that Tony Stark had already come up with the ideafor a protective exosuit which he pitched to the military long before actually making the Mark I. He called it the "Iron Man Project" and Yinsen--the medical futurist who helped save his life--was present at a conference where he described the idea.

This explains why he could build the armor so quickly. A genius like Tony already knew how the exosuit had to work, so it was just a matter of constructing something whose plans he'd already designed.

When the Mark I made its debutin Tales of Suspense, Iron Man seemed like more of a horror character than a superhero, his iron-grey armor transforming him from a charismatic handsome playboy into a mechanical inhuman monster, a humuicular golem whose life was saved at the expense of humanity. When hereappeared in the next issue, the character actually scared away the people he was tryingto save.

RELATED: The 10 Most Impractical Marvel Costumes, Ranked

Wanting to be a symbol of hope instead of an object of fear, he repainted the Mark I with a new gold finish. Almost every future suit would include gold along with thesignature "hot rod red."

In recent stories about Iron Man, the character's origin has been retconned so that he was abducted in Afghanistan, but originally, Tony Stark wasn't in the Middle East at all. He was captured by guerrillas in Vietnam.

There are many reasons to update this origin. For one, the Vietnam War is now decades older than the in-universe age of Tony Stark (who seems to be in his early 40s). The original portrayal of Iron Man in Vietnam involved some really uncomfortable stereotypical depictions of Asian characters, heavy-handed anti-communist propaganda, and dated views on the war.

During the "Extremis" storyline, several key changes occurred, including the previously-mentioned update of Tony Stark's origins. The story explored how futuristsrely on major corporations and military contracts for funding. After being mortally wounded, Tony used the newly-made EXTREMISserum to rewrite his DNA, storing parts of the Iron Man suit in the hollows of his bones.

RELATED: 10 Times Tony Stark Became More Machine Than Man

This story marked the point where Tony Stark becamea true futurist, a superhero powered by his own inventions! A few years later, he would have to downgrade that technology.After storing sensitive information on his brain'shard drive, he began towipe his brain clean to keep that datafrom being accessed by the villainNorman Osborn. He couldn't operate his more advanced armors like that. However, even with half a brain, he could use the Mark I.

When Tony Stark took up his original Mark I while being hunted by Norman Osborn, he knew it was only a matter of time before the villain came after him. After all, Osborn was in charge of Earth's security at the time--a position that Starkhad previously held.

Osborn repurposed one of the more recent Iron Man suits to make a new identity for himself as Iron Patriot--the red, white, and blue warmonger who used the colors of American patriotism to legitimize his Stasi-esquegangsterism. When Iron Patriotfinally caught up with Iron Man, the hero tried fighting him off while wearing the antiquated Mark I. Surprisingly, the old suit held up for quite a while as it was assaulted with a full bombardment fromthe newer mech.

That Iron Man would build gadgets into his suit should surprise no one. However, in the Silver Age, the Mark I seemed less like a streamlined exosuit and more like something out of theInspector Gadget cartoons.

Some of thesegadgets included a miniature saw in his fingertips, a hose that shotoil, and a radio jamming device that both created noise interference andallowed Iron Man to hijack speaker systems to speak through them at a distance. While these were fun in the Silver Age, the comics are better for having moved past them.

NEXT: 10 Hidden Features Of Iron Man's Armor, Revealed

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Next5 DC Heroes The Hulk Could Defeat (And 5 He Wouldn't Stand A Chance Against)

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Iron man: 10 Things Fans Never Knew About The Mark 1 Armor | CBR - CBR - Comic Book Resources

Japan Just Unveiled a Supercar Made out of Wood – Futurism

Wooden Car

Japan just unveiled its vision for the car of the future and its made from wood.

Specifically, the cars entire body and much of its structural tub are made of cellulose nanofiber, a super-strong, super-light material derived from plants.

Twenty-two groups contributed to creating the vehicle, which Japans Ministry of the Environment unveiled at the Tokyo Motor Show this week but based on what we know so far, the wooden car is far from road ready.

The wooden car certainly looks futuristic, with its butterfly doors and sharp angles. But its hard to say just how close the vehicle comes to the teams stated goal of a 10 percent weight reduction, and detailsabout whats under the hood are hard to come by.

Carscoops did report that the vehicle is thought to feature a hydrogen fuel cell and have a top speed capped at a mere 12 mph (20 km/h). If thats true, it seems this car is an extremely early concept unless, of course, Japan envisions people driving very, very slowly in the future.

READ MORE: The Car Is Made Of Wood [Jalopnik]

More on wooden cars: New Metallic Wood Could Lead to Super-Light Cars

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Japan Just Unveiled a Supercar Made out of Wood - Futurism

Futurist predicts well be cyborgs in 4th industrial revolution – NEWS.com.au

Over the years many young Australians have been urged to study science, technology, engineering and mathematics STEM for short but one Sydney futurist has some very different advice.

With technology playing an increasing role in our lives, its not surprising that many in the industry and within government have urged young people to engage with the concepts that look set to change their lives.

Skills shortages in areas like cyber security, data and software development could also lead many to think they taking a smart path and training for jobs with a future.

However, futurist Anders Sorman-Nilsson has a slightly different view.

For the last 13 years, Mr Sorman-Nilsson has consulted with some of the biggest companies in the world including Facebook, Apple and Mercedes Benz, helping them to understand how to future-proof their businesses.

When it comes to the jobs of the future, Mr Sorman-Nilsson said people should think deeply about the skills that would be needed.

Dont listen to the Government when it says to only learn code and STEM, he told news.com.au.

Computers can do logic and maths better than a human.

Mr Sorman-Nilsson believes embracing technology is important but parents should be encouraging their children to also improve their skills in areas that computers werent good at, such as creativity and emotional intelligence.

Theyve got to recognise that human and creative qualities really need to be nurtured to differentiate them in the future, he said.

Re-engineering Australia (REA) executive chairman Dr Michael Myers agreed with Mr Sorman-Nilsson and said the focus of education should be on lifelong learning and how to use knowledge.

REA consults with industry and runs STEM programs in public and private schools around the country. Mr Myers said tools like Google have made it easy for people gain access to information and it was now about developing the skills to understand and apply that knowledge.

Its about analytical problem solving and communication, he said.

Kids still need to learn maths and science but only in context, he said.

Mr Myer said industry was overwhelmingly asking for soft or enterprise skills.

The skills that people want are about team work, collaboration, communication, problem solving and innovation.


It is Mr Sorman-Nilssons view that the world is already in the midst of a fourth industrial revolution described by the founder of the World Economic Forum, Professor Klaus Schwab, as potentially challenging ideas about what it means to be human.

Mr Sorman-Nilsson believes weve lived through a third revolution marked by the rise of computers and is predicting the next change will merge physical, digital and biological worlds.

In the years to come, the world will look like a hugely different place, where humanity and technology merge like never before, Mr Sorman-Nilsson said.

Science fiction is fast becoming science fact.

Mr Sorman-Nilsson said people had already started to evolve into cyborgs, whose mental and physical abilities were being extended courtesy of technology like artificial limbs and the cochlear implant, a device that is surgically implanted into a persons inner ear to help people hear better.

The development and popularity of these tech fixes will only continue to gather speed with some fascinating results.

Mr Sorman-Nilsson believes eventually we will embrace these technological enhancements so much we will evolve into transhumans.

In order to adapt to this new future, Mr Sorman-Nilsson believes people need to stop thinking of humans as humans, and robots as robots.

Getting rid of the us versus them mentality can make the changes feel less intimidating, and he believes this will allow people to focus on how technology is being developed by transhumans for transhumans.

This may sound like a wild idea, but Mr Sorman-Nilsson believes humans need to get used to concepts like this if they are going to thrive in the future.


The integration of technological and physical systems will also be seen in our homes.

Samsung already has a $6000 smart fridge with built-in cameras that can be accessed remotely and a touchscreen that can be used for watching TV and ordering groceries. Nespresso has developed a coffee machine that can be controlled using a smartphone.

Eventually. fridges will be able to order milk automatically when supplies are running low, and coffee machines will be smart enough to start a morning brew after being alerted by someones wearable device they have woken early.

It might seem futuristic but these things already exist in the world, Mr Sorman-Nilsson said.

Its been said the future is already here, its just being distributed unevenly.

These developments could have positive and negative consequences, and Mr Sorman-Nilsson said it was important to be aware of privacy settings and to change passwords frequently.

Recently, a casino in the US was hacked and real money was lost because a hacker broke in using the internet connected fish tank, he said.

Many worry that humans are headed for a dystopian future, but Mr Sorman-Nilsson said it could equally be a utopia for those who embraced it.

In many ways this revolution could be very disruptive for individuals or companies not adapted to change, he said.

But it could also be the greatest time to be alive if you are adapted, willing to change and evolve to a new reality.

Some potential advantages of the technological changes include allowing businesses to be able to be global from day one.

Factories of the future could use virtual reality to predict potential problems on production lines and avoid accidents. Autonomous cars could also reduce deaths due to human error.

If your car breaks down, rather than waiting three weeks for a new part to be shipped from overseas, it may be possible to 3D print a new part. The rise of 3D printing could also lead to organs being printed using human stem cells.

In every industry Mr Sorman-Nilsson said people should get curious about the humanising impact of technologies.

Hes noticed the more his clients learn about new products, the more excited they become about the potential.

I think one of the first things we should do is to learn about technology and not be worried about it, he told news.com.au.

Even just watching a few sci-fi movies might help to get people used to concepts around artificial intelligence. Playing with technologies can also help.

Its hard to learn to think about a computer without ever having used a computer, he said.

Go to an Apple store, attend a workshop and find out how consumer technologies can improve your life. Experiment.

Get serious about technology and learn more about it.


Be open to unlearning everything you know

Shift from a reactive mindset to a proactive one. Analyse how automation and technology will impact your industry. This can lead to simple corrections, such as business owners changing the types of training staff are doing.

Stop thinking of humans as humans, and robots as robots

By understanding that people have already started to evolve into cyborgs, whose mental and physical abilities are being improved through technology and artificial limbs etc, the transition can be less intimidating.

Think more about the past to change the future

New technologies have the potential to fix issues that have posed a problem in the past. For example, 3D printing can allow car parts to be printed at lower cost, and companies like Ford are already using this technology. People and companies should be reassessing whether problems they have struggled with in the past can now be fixed and to start realising that every company is now a technology company.

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Futurist predicts well be cyborgs in 4th industrial revolution - NEWS.com.au

Idiots Are Trying to Run Themselves Over With Their Own Teslas – Futurism

Dumb Summon

Teslas Smart Summon feature, which lets cars navigate themselves in parking lots, isnt even out of beta yet. But Tesla owners are already using it in some mind-bogglingly stupid ways, Electrek reports.

In a video uploaded to YouTube account Dirty Tesla, a Model 3 owner tries to walk in front of his vehicle while the Smart Summon feature is activated. Luckily, the Model 3s cameras spot him the first time. On the second time around, the vehicle appears to almost roll over his toes while he approaches it from the cars blind spot.

This is and we nor Tesla should have to tell you this a bad idea.

In the release notes of Teslas Version 10 update,which includes the Smart Summon feature, Tesla points out that you are still responsible for your car and must monitor it and its surroundings at all times within your line of sight because it may not detect all obstacles.

Drivers are already reporting minor fender benders as a result of Summon. Twitter user David Guajardo even had somebody crash into his Model 3s bumper while he was Smart Summon-ing his vehicle in a parking lot. His insurance claim could turn into a real headache.

Other party thinks that I was actually driving because I ran to my car before he got out, he wrote in a follow-up tweet.

READ MORE: Tesla owners are already doing dumb things with Smart Summon [Electrek]

More on Teslas Summon: See Teslas Enhanced Summon Pick up a Driver in a Parking Lot

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Idiots Are Trying to Run Themselves Over With Their Own Teslas - Futurism

Astronomers Just Found the Oldest Galaxies in the Universe – Futurism

Old Ones

Astronomers just spotted a protocluster of galaxies that are older than any others in the known universe.

The discovery only recently became possible, because the light given off by the galaxies stars reached Earth after making an epic 13-billion-light-year journey across the universe, Live Science reports. The ancient group is just about 800 million years younger than the universe itself and its unexpected behavior could shed light on how the cosmoshave changed over the past 13 billion years.

In tightly-packed galaxy clusters, star formation tends to be stunted the most active galaxies tend to be more spread out. But the opposite seems to have happened in this ancient cluster, according to research published Monday in The Astrophysical Journal, with 15 times more star density than expected.

The twelve galaxies that make up the newly-discovered protocluster seem to have been hotbeds of stellar activity, back in the early days of the universe, Live Science reports but thelarge, international team ofresearchers behind the discovery havent yet figured out why.

That mystery aside, Live Science reports that the very fact that such a dense group of galaxies could long ago upends how astronomers thought the cosmos worked.

These results will be a key for understanding the relationship between clusters and massive galaxies, University of Tokyo researcher Masami Ouchi, who contributed to the discovery, said in a press release.

READ MORE: Huge Cosmic Structures Already Existed When the Universe Was a Baby [Live Science]

More on space: Astrophysicists Warn That Entire Galaxies Are Being Killed


Astronomers Just Found the Oldest Galaxies in the Universe - Futurism

Northwest CT Chamber of Commerce: Charting the course – Torrington Register Citizen

Join us as we host Charting the Course Through Demographic Change presented by Ken Gronbach on Thursday, Oct. 10, 7:30-9:30 a.m. at Chatterleys Banquet Facility, 371 Pinewoods Road, Torrington.

Ken Gronbach is a gifted keynote speaker and nationally recognized author, expert and futurist in the field of Demography and Generational Marketing. Come explore the common sense, but very counter-intuitive and fascinating realm of demography.

Let Gronbach bring you into his world of counting people. His understanding of worldwide demographics, fertility, migration, aging, immigration and dying have enabled him to forecast societal, political, economic, cultural and commercial phenomena with uncanny accuracy.

What nations are demographically doomed? How will the workforces change? What is the future of communications? How will our childrens children get their education? Will big data change marketing and branding forever? What is the fate of mass media? What countries and continents are demographically positioned to excel?

Learn this and more from Ken Gronbachs presentation.

The cost is $30 per person which includes a full breakfast. Reservations are required. RSVP at http://www.nwctchamberofcommerce.org/calendar . Sponsored by Connecticut Department of Labor Office of Workforce Competitiveness and Northwest Hills Council of Governments.

Check out our website at http://www.nwctchamberofcommerce.org for more Chamber happenings. *This institution is an equal opportunity provider*

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Northwest CT Chamber of Commerce: Charting the course - Torrington Register Citizen

Here’s the First-Ever Pic Of "Cosmic Web" Connecting All Galaxies – Futurism

Cosmic Links

For the first time, scientists have directly observed something called the cosmic web, a vast network of hydrogen channels believed to connect all the galaxies in the universe.

Astrophysicists were able to spot the cosmic megastructure lurking between galaxies 12 billion light years away in the Aquarius constellation, The Guardian reports. Not only is a landmark scientific breakthrough, but the confirmation of the webs existence lends credibility to a particular hypothesisabout how galaxies came to be.

As the story goes, the Big Bang flooded the newly-formed universe with clouds of hydrogen gas that eventually collapsed into sheets and filament-shaped structures. The points at which those filaments of the cosmic web met became formation sites for galaxies that fed on the hydrogen to form stars.

This particular hypothesis has long been supported by computer simulations, but the direct observations of new galaxies forming along the cosmic web serve as much-needed tangible evidence, according to research published Thursday in the journal Science.

Before this, scientists had only spotted an occasional gas cloud extending outward from a galaxy, The Guardian reports. Finding the particularly-dim filaments themselves required the ability to filter out the rest of the light in the cosmos.

This suggests very strongly that gas falling along the filaments under the force of gravity triggers the formation of starbursting galaxies and supermassive black holes, giving the universe the structure that we see today, lead researcher Hideki Umehata of the University of Tokyo told The Guardian.

READ MORE: Scientists observe mysterious cosmic web directly for first time [The Guardian]

More on space: Astrophysicists Warn That Entire Galaxies Are Being Killed

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Here's the First-Ever Pic Of "Cosmic Web" Connecting All Galaxies - Futurism

NASA’s Chief Scientist is Oddly Terrified By Finding Life on Mars – Futurism

Life on Mars

Chief scientist at NASA Jim Green believes werejust years away from finding life on Mars thanks to the agencys Mars rover and the European Space Agencys ExoMars Rover, both scheduled to launch in 2020.

If the missions find life, Green is terrified of the implications.

It will start a whole new line of thinking, he told The Telegraph. I dont think were prepared for the results. Ive been worried about that because I think were close to finding it and making some announcements.

Both rovers are planning to drillinto the Martian surface to take rock samples and analyze them for organic matter something that could indicate the presence of living organisms on the Red Planet. If all goes well, the Mars 2020 rover will eventually send tiny test-tubes of samples back to Earth.

Greens remarks come after ESA researchersannounced the first -ever evidence of a planet-wide groundwater system on Mars back in February water that could have allowed the planet to harbor life.

Evidence of organisms on Mars would raise a host of new questions about life beyond Earth, according to Green. Does life on Mars resemble life on Earth in any way? Could ithave jumped from planet to planet?

There is no reason to think that there isnt civilizations elsewhere, because we are finding exoplanets all over the place, told the paper.

READ MORE: Life on Mars could be found within two years but world is not prepared, Nasas chief scientist says [The Independent]

More on life on Mars: Theres A Huge Subterranean Lake of Liquid Water on Mars

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NASA's Chief Scientist is Oddly Terrified By Finding Life on Mars - Futurism

Here’s Why Elon Musk is Feuding With the Head of NASA – Futurism

On paper, NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk should be the best of friends. Years of collaboration and hard work are about to pave the way for the long-awaited return of launching humans into space from American soil but instead of chumming it up, the duo are at each others throats.

The trouble started when Bridenstine released a statement on Friday a day before Musk took to the stage to present the latest Starship updates to complain about the lack of progress on SpaceXs contract to deliver astronauts into orbit with its Commercial Crew project. The implication, whether intended or unintended: stop showing off Starship and deliver the NASA-contracted Commercial Crew.

I am looking forward to the SpaceX announcement tomorrow, read Bridenstines statement. In the meantime, Commercial Crew is years behind schedule. NASA expects to see the same level of enthusiasm focused on the investments of the American taxpayer. Its time to deliver.

It was an unusual dig at SpaceX, which has been a close partner with NASA for years so unusualthat CNET even called Bridenstine a party pooper with this troll job.

SpaceXs Crew Dragon has made a decent amount of progress, making an uncrewed visit to the International Space Station in March and successfully completing an emergency escape system test earlier this month.

But things didnt always go that smoothly. In April, a massive explosion of the Crew Dragon capsule during an engine fire test represented a major setback.

There is no doubt the schedule will change, Bridenstine said of the Crew Dragon project at the time, according to Reuters. It wont be what was originally planned.

Demo-2, SpaceXs first crewed test flight to the ISS, is currently scheduled for no earlier than November, according to reports. The company has yet to announce a date officially.

But the beef between Musk and Bridenstine wasnt over yet. Things escalated further during a CNN Business interview with Musk following his presentation on Saturday. When asked about Bridenstines statement on Friday, he interrupted the question, shooting back did he say Commercial Crew or SLS? likely a dig at NASA for going way over budget and running years late in developing its own Space Launch System (SLS) rocket.

A NASA spokeperson told Futurism that the agency actively supports SpaceX in developing Starship. But Bridenstines position and the exact reasoning behind his Friday statement remain unclear.

Bridenstine continues to emphasize that the return of launches of American astronauts, on American rockets and spacecraft, from American soil should be the top priority for NASAs commercial crew partners, the spokesperson said. SpaceX has leveraged NASAs expertise and test facilities for aerodynamic modeling and testing of Starship.

Plenty of questions remain unanswered about the strange back-and-forth. Besides, why did Bridenstine release his statement in the first place? Senior Space Editor at Ars Technica Eric Berger,a close industry observer, suggested it was simply a reflection of [Bridenstines] desire to see all NASA contractors meet their deadlines for government contracts according to a Friday tweetthat Bridenstine himself later retweeted.

Jim would happily embrace commercial space more, but his hands are to some extent tied by the Senate, Berger followed up on Twitter.

NASAs relationship with the current administration has been on a steady decline this year. The White House has approved some extra funds for NASAs Artemis mission to the Moon in 2024 but also claimed that the space agency was in no way ready to return American astronauts to the Moon.

NASA has stuck to its guns, with Bridenstine asking for an additional $1.6 billion in funding for Artemis back in May. Months later, Bridenstine is still lobbying for extra funds likely a great source of frustration for the NASA administrator.

So far, the Senate has approved only $1.2 million for all of NASAs exploration programs and only $744 million of the $1 billion NASA requested specifically for human lunar landers.

Meanwhile, NASAs Commercial Crew Program is making progress albeit slowly. NASA astronauts have been trying on SpaceXs sleek new flight suits for size, and testing emergency escape systems at the Kennedy Space Center.

The Bridenstine-Musk tiff shows that theres at least some tension between the private and public space industries one is building a shiny stainless steel rocket to get to Mars, while the other is stuck lobbying Congress for taxpayer money.

This story has been updated with a comment from a NASA spokesperson.

READ MORE: NASAs Bridenstine gives SpaceX a reality check [The Hill]

More on Bridenstine: Pluto Is a Planet, Insists NASA Chief Jim Bridenstine

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Here's Why Elon Musk is Feuding With the Head of NASA - Futurism