THE FUTURIST: Taking stock with national and global forecasts – Sarasota Herald-Tribune

By David Houle| Sarasota Herald-Tribune

Last column I looked back at the forecasts I had made for the Sarasota-Bradenton area. This column I will take stock of the forecasts I have made for the U.S. and the world. In addition, I suggest some altered and new forecasts for 2020-2021 for the country.

(Readers, please understand that my responsibility is to be correct when looking into the future. I do not in any way like the fact that the economic forecasts below are truly some of the worst any of us have ever experienced.)

January 2020:"There will be a Democratic landslide in November."This was made before COVID-19, the murder of George Floyd and the lack of national leadershipin the U.S. about the virus. So, an even stronger forecast now.

March 2020: Due to COVID-19 the Dow will drop to under 20,000 and the global GDP will shrink 2-3% in 2020.Well, the Dow did drop below 20,000 before bouncing back up again. I think it may well go down again once the depth of the depression and the failure of America to stem the first wave of the virus is more apparent. (Note to active investors: when the major indices go down by 3-5%, liquidate short-term positions as a downturn from current levels might be well into double digits.UPDATE: The 2-3% prediction was before it was clear that the Federal government had no plan. New estimate is GDP down 10% in 2020.

April 2020: We have entered the first depression of the 21st century.No question about it. 2nd quarter GDP was down 33% from last year. I had forecast 30-40%. This collapse erased all the economic growth and employment gains from the last five years. The last time there was a decline like this was during the Great Depression. Same with the 20-30% total unemployment numbers, once all categories are factored in. The unemployment rate was never more than 10.6% in the Great Recession. It will continue to deepen in 2020, stay flat through 2021 and only see an end in 2022-2023 when collapsed structures and legacy thinking give way to the new.

April 2020: "Any inability to successfully contain the virus either first wave or second wave, or opening up state economies too soon, will only result in deeper economic damage."Clearly this is true based on all current data.

May 2020: "Global and U.S. GDP will decline by double digits, 2020 over 2019. Globally down close to $10 trillion." Updated forecast:U.S. GDP 2020 versus 2019 will be down 10% or some $2 trillion. Globally the same $10 trillion forecast, resulting in the global GDP being below $80 trillion.

June 2020:"The U.S. economy will have parts that will come back by 2021 and other that will take years to come back, if then."Given the COVID-19 spikes all across the U.S., I am not sure what will come back. An important distinction must be made between the politically oriented hype of how much has bounced back from April/May. The only comparablesare the month in 2020 compared with the same month in 2019. The annual GDP shrinkage is based upon that. Readers beware of politicians saying the economy is bouncing back."Ask anyone saying that how the 2020 quarters and 2020 months compare to same in 2019.

New Forecasts

COVID-19 deaths are now around 160,000. They will be around 250,000 on November 3 and more than 300,000 on January 20, 2021.The obvious tragedy here is that the number of deaths is accelerating. Back in March and April, the federal government could have taken drastic steps to mobilize and at the same time bring Americans together to fight a common enemy, something we have always done well. We all self-quarantined assuming our governmental leaders would do what they were supposed to do. They didnt.

There will be gubernatorial recall efforts in such states as Florida, Texas and Arizona.Highly likely given the above forecast.

The rest of August and all of September will have widespread coverage of the inability of colleges and schools to open.It is hard to think of a tougher job right now than that of being either a college president or a school superintendent. The rest of August and all of September will have widespread coverage of the inability of colleges and schools to open. That will closely be followed by rapid rises in COVID-19 cases at all levels and the resulting shutdowns and even lawsuits around openings. Politicians demanding that schools open are not really thinking of the potential for children to die and/or infect families and teachers. This is a social, economic and political crisis that is about to unfold across the country.

Office and commercial real estate markets will crash now through 2021 and possibly longer. Manufacturing real estate might well be strong.The office collapse is already starting. Numerous companies have already stated that all, the majority, or significant percentages of employees will be working from homepermanently. In the several conversations I have had with companies that have largely white-collar work forces, I have yet to find one that has more than 10% of employees wanting to come back to office work. This will lead to lease negotiations, cancellations, and non-renewals. The demand for office space has collapsed and this market therefore will have far more supply than demand. Look for dark office buildings in urban centers. There will be no leveling off until the majority of Americans have been vaccinated. However, the new habits, productivity and huge cost savings of enterprise working from home will have been made by then.

Commercial and retail real estate will be the same. Along with other forecasters I have stated that more than 25-30% of all restaurants, bars and coffee shops open in January of this year will close in the U.S. In addition, there will be almost the same percentages of non-restaurant retail stores closing. This means that it will be hard to walk down any shopping street or visit any mall in the US and not see lots of vacant retail spaces. A real tragedy to small business owners, but large chains will close and declare bankruptcy as well.

Industrial real estate will be strong. This is because of the embarrassing realization by the U.S. that so much of our critical manufacturing products such as PPE for medical workers and citizens is made overseas, largely in China. Now that we are in an escalating economic war with China, it is necessary to bring manufacturing back.

Residential real estate will be a mixed bag. By the end of summer, all the pent-up demand from lock-down will have run its course and nationally this market will be flat. Low interest rates aside, too much loss of wealth, unemployment and exhausted savings will be a big drag. The default on mortgages will increase and the evictions of renters will increase.Right now, there is a flight from urban areas due to perceptions of higher probability of infection due to density. I dont think this will last past 2021, but I dont really know.

I conclude by saying that our local, national and global economies are all depressed and unfortunately some parts of them may never fully come back to the way they were last year. Hug the ones you love and readjust what is important in your lives.

Sarasota resident David Houle is a globally recognized futurist. He has given speeches on six continents, written seven books and is futurist in residence at the Ringling College of Art + Design. His website is davidhoule.com. Email him at david@davidhoule.com.

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THE FUTURIST: Taking stock with national and global forecasts - Sarasota Herald-Tribune

Be More Da Vinci: Why Data Scientists Should Be Working with Designers, Futurists and Business Executives – insideBIGDATA

In this special guest feature, Michael Kanazawa, EY Global Innovation Realized Leader and EY Americas Advisory Growth Strategy Leader, discusses why data scientists and engineers should be working with designers, futurists, and business executives. With over 20 years of strategy and innovation experience, Michael is seasoned in developing corporate strategy and transformation as well as in building businesses both within global corporations and as an entrepreneur. He earned an MBA from the University of Southern California, and BA in Economics and Mathematics from the University of California at Santa Barbara.

Mathematician or artist? Right now, weve built a way of living, educating and working that says youre either one or the other. Yet, in fact, this way of viewing the world is both myopic and inaccurate. After all, look at Leonardo Da Vinci, not only among historys greatest artists but one of its foremost scientific thinkers and inventors too.

As a business, viewing your workforce in these black and white terms is also increasingly dangerous. Sure, not many of us are a Da Vinci but we all have skills that straddle both art and science individually and, perhaps more importantly, collectively. For organizations, maximizing these diverse capabilities by combining human-centered designers, data scientists, futurists, and business executives is the way to lead the future. Failing to do so risks being consigned to the past.

Deterministic thinking

Before we consider why, lets remind ourselves of two of big datas most common misconceptions. First, that its a vast sea, with information disparately spread out just below the surface. Its not, its a well. A deep pool, the further down which we go, the richer the patterns, connections and insights we uncover. Second, the more data we have, the more insightful well be. Not necessarily. Often, having a vast amount of information can be overwhelming, making it harder, not easier to find the answers were looking for.

Yet theres a third, more systemic issue at play here too. Currently, organizations tend to forecast using a deterministic mathematical model developed by ancient Greek philosophers. This essentially involves making precise predictions based on historical information and known relationships before searching the data for evidence that confirms them.

The problem is, this leaves no room for random variation or finding unanticipated futures. No opportunity to uncover deeper shifts in underlying patterns within the surface patterns we can see or identify connections that werent previously apparent. As a result, a whole heap of possible insights go to waste.

See what youre not seeing

The real state-of-the-art, therefore, comes in employing tools such as AI, neural networks and deep learning to go further, faster. To show us what were not seeing, rather than confirm what were expecting to see. To take information from inside and outside our organization. And do it all in real time.

By doing so, businesses can get to know consumers as individuals then use that knowledge to generate new value and better outcomes for customers. Imagine, for example, an online retailer combining what it already knows about a customers buying patterns perhaps theyve previously paid a premium for more sustainable products with external data that tells it that same customer is about to give birth to their first child. Armed with this previously unknown connection, the retailer can target them with relevant marketing around sustainable baby wipes and diapers. The offer and products are introduced just at the right time, in the right way, to the exact right customer.

Beyond technology

But wheres the employee and talent story for companies here? After all, the potential of these technologies in helping them make better, more data-driven decisions, has long been clear. Why does it mean business leaders should be teaming up data scientists, designers and futurists?

Answer: Da Vinci.

As the scientific part of your teams collective brain, data science engineers can find the quickest route into the data. Meanwhile, the designers are the artists; the creators of new products and services that deliver what customers want. Yet Da Vincis success was not just down to his brilliance as a polymath or skill with a paintbrush; it hinged on his ability to view problems differently. To follow paths that no-one had thought to follow before. Thats where futurists come in.

They have the ability to look at things in new ways and, as result, find new things. Rather than simply consider an historical datasets picture of the past, they will consider what human behavior, life and business is going to be like further down the line then take cues from the data to see patterns unfolding that dont exist yet and build a more accurate profiles of individuals habits in the future. This diversity of thought and problem solving that was within Da Vincis personal experience is what we need to build as individual leaders and across blended teams in this new world.

Personalized and profitable

The value of this is considerable. It enables firms to take their understanding of customers to the next level and create products and services that are personalized to their future needs, not just their current ones.

Already, were seeing a new breed of businesses who understand this, pairing up their data scientists, designers and business decision-makers with the free-thinking approach of futurists. This, in turn, is letting them get ahead of competitors in forecasting and meeting the evolving requirements of customers and, ultimately, boost profitability.

COVID-19 has simply served to accelerate our progress along this curve, showing us how quickly things can change and providing a real existential threat to firms who continue to rely on more traditional operating models. Having the right data and technology is no longer enough; you must also have a team diverse enough to interpret and act upon it. Its time to be more Da Vinci.

The views reflected in this article are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the global EY organization or its member firms.

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Volvo CE Engages Futurists to Explore Ideas and Possible New Directions – Rental Equipment Register

Volvo CE has unveiled a new project that furthers its efforts in Building Tomorrow. The company has partnered with professional futurists to gather their forecasts for the industries that Volvo CEs customers work in, including construction, agriculture, mining and infrastructure. The company has also partnered with students from the Columbia College of Hollywood to animate these visions of the future.

Futurists forecast the coming trends in science, technology and business. They help companies understand how the innovations of today will impact the industries of the future. Volvo CE recently engaged David Zach and Glen Hiemstra known for their work with dozens of innovative fortune 500 companies to provide expert forecasts on where various industries may be headed.

In order to build tomorrow, that means having a good sense of what tomorrow may look like, said Stephen Roy, senior vice president for the Americas, Volvo CE. While no one can be 100-percent certain about what the future has in store, these professional futurists can give us an educated guess based on the research, science and economic trends we see today. We asked students from the Columbia College of Hollywood to animate some of these forecasts so that we have a vision of the possible future from those young persons who will soon inhabit it.

Presented below are a sample of the forecasts for each industry:

Road Infrastructure

Nanotechnology will enable roadways to be built from more resilient glass-like materials.

Photogenic cells along roadways will capture solar energy for transporting to local power grids.

Self-healing epoxies will enable bridges and other metal structures to heal themselves from damage.

Roadways will have embedded censors that provide road, weather and traffic conditions.

Autonomous equipment that is fully electric and emissions free will handle duty-cycle work.

Sensors in construction equipment will provide data for predictive analytics and increase uptime.


Buildings of all sizes will be increasingly modular, utilizing more prefabricated elements.

Entire rooms and their furnishings will be built in a specialized location, then installed at the job.

Flying drones will monitor construction on job sites, reporting critical data and visualizations.

Rolling drones will travel up and down building shafts and behind walls to take readings.

New paint polymers will improve air quality while wall sensors monitor for chemicals, smoke and fire.

Entire neighborhoods will be 3D printed, then completed with prefabricated elements.

Waste management and recycling

Companies will have more responsibility over the entire lifecycles of their products and the materials used to make them, creating a more circular economy.

Vehicles that collect waste and recycling will be fully electric, reducing emissions and noise.

Waste and recycling bins will become autonomous, driving themselves to collection points.

Robots will use artificial intelligence to separate materials, eating some of them for energy.

The gamification of the industry will lead the work to become more scientific and videogame like.

Machines that accept recyclables will show what those materials will be used for in the future.


Vertical skyfarms near cities will boost the amount of food that can be grown on a single piece of land.

These indoor farms with multiple stories give the ability to control weather, irrigation and pests.

Plants on all farms will be tagged with RFID and sensors to control nutrient and water intake.

Autonomous electric construction equipment will help prepare lands and transport harvests.

Robots that use artificial intelligence will pick crops and sort them for either human use or composting.

Halophytes, crops grown in saltwater, will help tackle freshwater shortages around the globe.


Autonomous and remote-controlled equipment will remove humans from dangerous situations.

Humans will control mining equipment from remote locations via simulators that give tactile feedback.

Automated, fully electric machines will handle repetitive duty-cycle work with no emissions.

With programmed, autonomous machines, mining operations will work around the clock.

Robots will move in to pick materials from mine shafts and use artificial intelligence to sort them.

We will increasingly extract materials from the ocean, asteroids and other planets.

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Volvo CE Engages Futurists to Explore Ideas and Possible New Directions - Rental Equipment Register

Astronomers May Have Found a Star That’s Just 33 Years Old – Futurism

A team of astronomers have observed what they believe to be a neutron star being born following a supernova first detected in 1987, in a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way 170,000 light-years from Earth, dubbed SN 1987A.

Until now, astronomers werent sure if the neutron star survived the powerful event and didnt just collapse in on itself to form a black hole but a new paper published last week in The Astrophysical Journal suggests that it may have survived after all.

That means the neutron star would bea millennial, no older than 33.

If confirmed, it would be the youngest neutron star known to mankind, as Astronomy reports. To date, the youngest supernova remnant is the 330 years old Cassiopeia A, about 11,000 light-years away from Earth inside the Milky Way.

Analyzing high-resolution imagery from the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile, a team of astronomers was able to get a closer look at what was left behind following SN 1987A.

They found a hot blob inside the core of the supernova, likely a gas cloud shrouding the neutron star. The star itselfwould be far too small to be detected directly, as its extremely small and dense the mass of 1.4 times the Sun inside a sphere thats only 15 miles across.

We were very surprised to see this warm blob made by a thick cloud of dust in the supernova remnant, Mikako Matsuura from Cardiff University who made the discovery with ALMA, said in a statement.

The discovery by the ALMA team supports the new theoretical study published last week.

There has to be something in the cloud that has heated up the dust and which makes it shine. Thats why we suggested that there is a neutron star hiding inside the dust cloud, Matsuura added.

In spite of the supreme complexity of a supernova explosion and the extreme conditions reigning in the interior of a neutron star, the detection of a warm blob of dust is a confirmation of several predictions, lead author Dany Page, astrophysicist at the National Autonomous University of Mexico, explained in the statement.

According to computer models, the neutron star would have been sent screaming through space at hundreds of kilometers per second. The location where the ALMA team found it is exactly where it would be today, according to the models.

The theoretical star was also found to be extremely bright, in large part thanks to its hypothesized temperature of around five million degrees Celsius.

It will take time until the existence of the star can be confirmed. The dust and gas around the supernova need to subside further for astronomers to say with any certainty that the extremely young star really exists.

READ MORE: Hot blob points to a neutron star lurking in Supernova 1987A [Astronomy]

More on neutron stars: Astronomers Watch Neutron Star Charge Up Before Huge X-Ray Blast

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Astronomers May Have Found a Star That's Just 33 Years Old - Futurism

Air Force One’s Successor Could Go 5x the Speed of Sound – Futurism


A coming iteration of Air Force One, the high tech plane reserved for shuttling the President of the United States around the world, may be able to reach nauseatingly-fast speeds up to Mach 5.

The U.S. Air Force just awarded a contract to the aerospace startup Hermeus, Business Insider reports, which calls for the first hypersonic version of Air Force One. The company already has a prototype engine built and tested, and now its just a matter of building the rest of the plane.

Hermeus has been working on its hypersonic engine for over a year and completed tests in March, Business Insider reports. But now that it has this Air Force contract, it will need to make sure that its Mach 5 plane also meets certain rigorous standards.

Hermeus thinks it can all be done with existing technology.

We want to do engineering, not science, COO Skyler Shuford told Ars Technica last year.

For better or worse, Hermeus hypersonic Air Force One is at least ten years down the road, Business Insider reports. Boeing is already set to deliver the next Air Force One in 2021, and Hermeus model would serve as that planes eventual replacement.

That means that unless American democracy utterly collapses, well never get to see what Mach 5 would do to President Trumps notoriously unusual hairstyle.

READ MORE: An aerospace startup just won a contract to develop an Air Force One jet that can travel at Mach 5. Heres an early look at the engine that could rocket from New York to Paris in 90 minutes. [Business Insider]

More on Hermeus: Blazing Supersonic Plane Could Zoom From NY to Paris in 90 Min

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Air Force One's Successor Could Go 5x the Speed of Sound - Futurism

CERN Says the Higgs Boson Did Something Unexpected – Futurism

Breaking Up

Scientists at CERN just saw the Higgs boson do something odd as it decayed, it appeared to break down into an unexpected combination of particles.

This is the first time that they saw the Higgs boson the particle believed to grant mass to other elementary particles break down into a pair of muons, according to research shared this week at a high energy physics conference. The discovery further reinforces the Standard Model of physics, which has long been challenged by new particle discoveries.

One of the best ways for physicists to study the Higgs boson is to observe how it dies. Typically, theyve seen it decay into comparatively-heavy particles, but muons are far lighter and interact less with the field given off by the Higgs boson.

[Our CERN team] is proud to have achieved this sensitivity to the decay of Higgs bosons to muons, and to show the first experimental evidence for this process, CERN spokesperson Roberto Carlin said in a press release.

Muons are second-generation particles. While atoms are made of first-generation particles like electrons, higher-generations only exist in high-energy environments like a particle physics lab and quickly decay. This is the first time scientists have seen the Higgs boson interact with any second-generation particles.

The Higgs boson seems to interact also with second-generation particles in agreement with the prediction of the Standard Model, a result that will be further refined with the data we expect to collect in the next run, Carlin said.

READ MORE: CERN experiments announce first indications of a rare Higgs boson process [CERN]

More on the Higgs boson: CERN Scientist on What Physicists Have Left to Discover After Higgs Boson

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CERN Says the Higgs Boson Did Something Unexpected - Futurism

Zapping the Brain Improved Language Learning Abilities by 13% – Futurism

In a new study published in the journal Science of Learning, researchers showed that small amounts of electrical stimulation through specially designed ear pieces improved the adult participants abilities to recognize foreign language tones an effect that lasted after the stimulation was halted.

Humans are excellent perceptual learners, the papers introduction reads. Yet, a notable and well-documented exception is the acquisition of non-native speech categories in adulthood.

By stimulating the vagus nerve using the ear pieces, the group was better able to better identify and distinguish between four different Mandarin tones, as Inverse reports.

Thats impressive, because differentiating between those four common tones is extremely hard for native English speakers who are not used to tonal languages.

Overall, they saw an improvement of 13 percent in distinguishing an easier-to-tell-apart pair of Mandarin tones when compared to those who didnt receive brain stimulation although the effect was almost imperceptible more difficult tones.

Showing that non-invasive peripheral nerve stimulation can make language learning easier potentially opens the door to improving cognitive performance across a wide range of domains, Fernando Llanos, a postdoc researcher at the University of Pittsburgs Sound Brain Lab and lead author on the study, said in a statement.

The same effect could be generalized to learning sound patterns of other languages according to the researchers.

In general, people tend to get discouraged by how hard language learning can be, but if you could give someone 13 percent to 15 percent better results after their first session, maybe theyd be more likely to want to continue, said Matthew Leonard, an assistant professor of neurological surgery at the University of California, San Francisco and co-author of the study.

The researchers are now investigating if extending the learning sessions with stimulation could enhance the effect forthe more-difficult-to-distinguish tones.

Similar brain stimulation of the same area, the vagus nerve, has been used to treat epilepsy in the past and is now the subject of other studies investigating whether it could help treat depression or even inflammatory diseases.

However, these treatments tend to be far more invasive when compared to the non-invasive ear pieces used during this particular study.

Were showing robust learning effects in a completely non-invasive and safe way, which potentially makes the technology scalable to a broader array of consumer and medical applications, such as rehabilitation after stroke, senior author Bharath Chandrasekaran, professor and vice chair of research at the University of Pittsburgh School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, said in the statement.

READ MORE: Scientists Discover Brain Hack That Improves Language Abilities By 13 Percent [Inverse]

More on brain stimulation: Elon Musk: Neuralink Will Do Human Brain Implant in Less Than a Year

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Zapping the Brain Improved Language Learning Abilities by 13% - Futurism

A Poisonous Tsunami Is Screaming Across the Surface of Venus – Futurism

Astronomers have discovered that a gigantic wall of poisonous clouds is sweeping across the surface of Venus every few days and has been doing so for decades, ScienceAlertreports. Its so massive, in fact, it reaches far beyond the planets equator to both the north and south mid latitudes at altitudes of around 50 kilometers.

If this happened on Earth, this would be a frontal surface at the scale of the planet, said astrophysicist Pedro Machado at the Institute of Astrophysics and Space Sciences in Portugal, co-author of a paper about the research published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters in May, in a statement. And thats incredible.

The study, led by the Japanese space agency JAXA, suggests this wave has been traveling around Venus since at least 1983 at about 328 kilometers per hour.

Venus is kept at a blistering 465 degrees Celsius near the region where these cloud patterns were observed thanks to an extreme greenhouse effect. Most of Venuss atmosphere is made up of carbon dioxide with sulfuric acid raining down from the skies.

Yet many other aspects of Venuss atmosphere remain a mystery and the observation of this massive wave could could help build a fuller understanding in the future.

We would have finally found a wave transporting momentum and energy from the deep atmosphere and dissipating before arriving at the top of the clouds, explained Javier Peralta, an astrophysicist at JAXA and lead author of the study, in the statement.

It would therefore be depositing momentum precisely at the level where we observe the fastest winds of the so-called atmospheric super-rotation of Venus, whose mechanisms have been a long-time mystery, he added.

The exact mechanisms of this tidal wave are still not entirely understood. Its an entirely new meteorological phenomenon, according to the researchers, that has never been seen on anyother planet.

READ MORE: An Epic, Planet-Scale Wave Has Been Hiding in The Toxic Clouds of Venus For Decades [ScienceAlert]

More on Venus: NASA Venus Rover Designed For Exploring Hell

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A Poisonous Tsunami Is Screaming Across the Surface of Venus - Futurism

Scientists Are Using The Moon as a Giant Mirror to Search For Aliens – Futurism

Moon Mirror

Astronomers have a new trick in the hunt for habitable exoplanets, and it involves using the Moon as a gigantic mirror.

Basically, NASA and ESA scientists used the Hubble Space Telescope to capture light that reflected off the Moon after it had traveled through the Earths atmosphere, Space.com reports. By studying that reflection of our habitable atmosphere, the scientists suspect they could search for the same chemical signatures in distant exoplanets, indicating the possibility of alien life.

Typically, when scientists use the term Earth-like exoplanet, theyre referring to a world thats rocky, roughly the same size as our own, and about the right distance from its host star to have a livable temperature. But its much harder to tell if these exoplanets actually have atmospheres or are otherwise remotely hospitable.

One of NASAs major goals is to identify planets that could support life, Hubble scientist Allison Youngblood said in a press release. But how would we know a habitable or an uninhabited planet if we saw one?

Thats why Youngbloods study, published Thursday in The Astronomical Journal, is so important.

This particular study measured the amount of ozone in the Earths atmosphere. Spotting that same chemical signature emanating from an exoplanet would suggest that it may have an oxygen-rich and UV-blocking atmosphere just like ours.

READ MORE: Scientists use moon as a mirror to study Earth during lunar eclipse [Space.com]

More on exoplanets: Scientists Find the Most Earth-Like Exoplanet Ever And Its Nearby

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Scientists Are Using The Moon as a Giant Mirror to Search For Aliens - Futurism

Russian Officials Are Injecting Themselves With an Experimental COVID Vaccine – Futurism

Russian officials claim to have developed a coronavirus vaccine thats 100 percent effective,and officials say theyre trying it out on themselves and their family but, worryingly, theres no publicly-available evidence to suggest that it actually works.

Russias state-operated research facility, the Gamaleya Research Institute, says its ready for a phase 3 clinical trial that it wants to conduct on doctors and teachers, Quartz reports. Unfortunately, the World Health Organization (WHO) doesnt seem to have data suggesting the experimental vaccine is that far along.

The Gamaleya Research Institute filed a small phase 1 study, but never published any results. Kirill Dmitriev, the chief executive of the Russian Direct Investment Fund, told a newspaper in the United Arab Emirates that the researchers want to begin a phase 3 trial in that country, but also that Russia wants to begin mass inoculation in September or October.

If the vaccine is approved for use something CNN reports that the Gamaleya Institute hopes will happen by mid-August Russia plans to distribute it to healthcare workers on the front lines.

Even if the vaccine flew through the earlier phases of clinical research, as Dmitriev claimed, a properly-conducted phase 3 clinical trial takes months.

WHO spokesperson Margaret Ann Harris told Quartz that the organization was aware that a Russian vaccine was entering phase 3, but didnt elaborate on previous results or safety concerns.

But the lack of publicly available safety and efficacy data hasnt stopped Russian officials from making extremely bold, questionable claims about the research.

Based on Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trials, we also show that 100 percent of about 100 people generated a very high level of antibodies, Dmitriev told The National.

Dmitriev added that he and his parents already took the vaccine. Project director Alexander Ginsburg told CNN he injected himself with the vaccine as well.

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Russian Officials Are Injecting Themselves With an Experimental COVID Vaccine - Futurism

Even With a Vaccine, It Will Take Months If Not Years to Beat the Coronavirus – Futurism

A coronavirus vaccine has long been described as the panacea for this pandemic. A magical shot in the arm triggers an immunity enough immunity among us, and over time, the virus will go away, the thinking goes.

But that couldnt be further from the truth, as the Washington Post reports. The harsh reality: even once weve found a vaccine, it could take months if not years for societies to return to some semblance of normality.

Dont expect a vaccine to be an off-switch or a reset button where we will go back to pre-pandemic times, Yonatan Grad, an assistant professor of infectious diseases and immunology at the Harvard, told the Post.

Things will not be done by Christmas, Jeremy Farrar, director of UK health advocacy group Wellcome Trust, told the House of Commons Health Committee last month, as quoted by the BBC. This infection is not going away, its now a human endemic infection.

Even when a vaccine is introduced, I think we will have several months of significant infection or at least risk of infection to look forward to, Jesse Goodman, the former chief scientist at the Food and Drug Administration, told The Atlantic late last month.

Experts have predicted early vaccines will likely only protect us from severe cases of COVID-19. And thats only if the US and the rest of the world find effective ways to scale up production and produce hundreds of millions of doses.

And then theres the issue of public trust in a vaccine. If you think the anti-vaxxer movement had gas in the tank before, imagine what happens in the midst of a public, global vaccination campaign. Suffice to say, theres already a significant group of people who wont trust any vaccines imagine how their ranks will grow for a new vaccine, rushed to market.

Were going to be in a situation where some people will be desperate to get the vaccine and some people will be afraid to get the vaccine, Michael Stoto, a public-health researcher at Georgetown University, told The Atlantic. And therell be probably a lot of people in between who are a little bit of both or not sure.

The realistic scenario is probably going to be more like what we saw with HIV/AIDS, Michael Kinch, an expert in drug development and research at Washington University, told the Post,adding that early HIV drugs were fairly mediocre.

Theres plenty of optimism surrounding the development of a coronavirus vaccine in the US with efforts by American pharmaceuticals taking over mainstream media headlines on almost a weekly basis.

The Trump administration even gave its public-private vaccine partnership a glitzy, but at the end of the day meaningless name: Operation Warp Speed a misplaced sense of optimism and perhaps even dangerous as assistant professor of biostatistics at the University of Florida Natalie Dean argued in an opinion piece for The New York Times.

Waiting for a better vaccine to come along may feel like torture, but it is the right move, Dean argued. We cant afford to jeopardize the publics health and hard-earned trust by approving anything short of that.

Just last week, Americas preeminent pandemic response figurehead Dr. Anthony Fauci told a House committee that hes cautiously optimistic that a safe and effective COVID-19 vaccine will be available in the US in late fall or early winter.

One can never guarantee the safety or effectiveness unless you do the trial, but we are cautiously optimistic this will be successful, he added, referring to pharmaceutical company Modernas phase three trial of a vaccine.

The trial, which kicked off early last week, will include 30,000 adult volunteers across 89 US research sites.

Yet safe and effective could still translate to a future vaccine thats less than 100 percent effective. People in older age groups may remain vulnerable by having their immune systems react differently to a possible vaccine when compared to younger people.

In other words, an early vaccine will be more like the flu shot, seasonal vaccinations that give people a degree of protection against a variety of influenza viruses.

It is possible that some COVID-19 vaccines may not prevent infection entirely, but they could still prepare a persons immune system so that, if infected, they would experience milder symptoms, or even none at all, Dean argued in her NYT opinion piece. Thats similar to the flu vaccine: Its not perfect, but we advise people to get it because it reduces intensive care admissions and deaths.

In June, the Food and Drug Administration announced it will expect that a COVID-19 vaccine would prevent disease or decrease its severity in at least 50% of people who are vaccinated, according to a statement.

The higher the effectiveness, the higher the chances of herd immunity indirect protection when a threshold of the population has become immune.

Theres good news and bad news. Even with lower than 100 percent effectiveness, a vaccine will slow the spread. But that process will likely take a lot longer than one might think.

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Even With a Vaccine, It Will Take Months If Not Years to Beat the Coronavirus - Futurism

Study: Ancient Mars Was Covered in Ice Sheets, Not Rivers – Futurism

According to a new study by a group of Canadian researchers published in the journal Nature Geoscience today, a large number of ancient valleys on the Martian surface were formed by water melting below massive sheets of glacial ice not free-flowing rivers, as previous research suggests.

The new research challenges the warm and wet ancient Mars hypothesis, which posits that Mars was once covered in massive river systems, fed by rain and large oceans of liquid water.

The study also follows a recent analysis of high-resolution imagery collected by the HiRISE camera on board NASAs Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, which concluded that large rivers likely once flowed on the surface of Mars billions of years ago.

For the last 40 years, since Marss valleys were first discovered, the assumption was that rivers once flowed on Mars, eroding and originating all of these valleys, Anna Grau Galofre, former PhD student at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and lead author of the new study, said in a statement.

To come to their conclusion, Grau Galofre and her team compared over 10,000 Martian valleys to channels formed underneath glaciers of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. To their surprise, the channels were extremely similar.

But there are hundreds of valleys on Mars, and they look very different from each other, she added. If you look at Earth from a satellite you see a lot of valleys: some of them made by rivers, some made by glaciers, some made by other processes, and each type has a distinctive shape.

These results are the first evidence for extensive subglacial erosion driven by channelized meltwater drainage beneath an ancient ice sheet on Mars, co-author Mark Jellinek, professor in UBCs department of earth, ocean and atmospheric sciences, said in the statement.

They found only a small number of channels were likely formed on the surface a big departure from previous research.

By examining climate models of ancient Mars, they also found that the Red Planet was also likely much colder than predicted during the time that the valleys were formed.

Interestingly, a thick sheets of ice could also improve the chances of ancient life on Mars surviving. The ice would have blocked solar radiation, especially during a time when Mars had no magnetic field.

READ MORE: Frozen Mars? Ancient valleys show planet may have been covered in ice [CNET]

More on Mars rivers: Scientists Find New Evidence of Ancient Rivers on Mars

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Study: Ancient Mars Was Covered in Ice Sheets, Not Rivers - Futurism

This Galaxy Cluster Is Spewing a Surplus of Stars Because of a Lazy Black Hole – Futurism

Rapid Fire

A distant galaxy cluster has been churning out new stars at a dizzying pace and now astronomers think they know why.

Turns out: The clusters supermassive black hole has been sleeping on the job, according to research published Thursday in The Astrophysical Journal Letters. While the scientists arent exactly sure why the black hole is so quiet, they do know that its absence allows the cluster to make new stars 300 times faster than the Milky Way does.

One leading guess: The black hole is starving. The galaxy cluster, dubbed SpARCS1049, is made up of hundred to thousands of galaxies. But its central galaxy, where the supermassive black hole is located, is far away from its most densely-packed galaxy, suggesting that the black hole ran out of nearby food.

It reminds me of the old expression of when the cats away, the mice will play,' lead author Julie Hlavacek-Larrondo of the University of Montreal said in a press release. Here the cat, or black hole, is quiet and the mice, or stars, are very busy.

In a galaxy cluster like SpARCS1049, an active supermassive black hole blasts out energy as it feeds, bringing anything nearby to insanely high temperatures, which inhibits star formation.

Without the black hole actively pumping energy into its surroundings, the gas can cool enough so this impressive rate of star formation can happen, said University of Montreal scientist Carter Rhea. This kind of black hole shut down may be a crucial way for stars to form in the early Universe.

READ MORE: Black hole fails to do its job [Chandra X-ray Center]

More on galaxy clusters: Astrophysicists Warn That Entire Galaxies Are Being Killed

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This Galaxy Cluster Is Spewing a Surplus of Stars Because of a Lazy Black Hole - Futurism

Visions of an automotive future that hasn’t come to fruition – The ClassicCars.com Journal

Its 2020. But sometimes it feels like our futuristic dreams are stuck in the 1950s and 60s. And theres actually a good reason for that, reports Budget Direct Singapore, part of the Budget Direct insurance company that commissioned artwork based on bygone dreams.

The period between 1958 and 1963 might be described as a Golden Age of American Futurism, the insurance company continued. Bookended by the founding of NASA in 1958 and the end of The Jetsons in 1963, these few years were filled with some of the wildest techno-utopian dreams that American futurists had to offer.

Some of these futurists delved into the motoring and automotive design space and these types of retro-futuristic concepts were the ones that intrigued, the company continued in explaining the seven speculative blueprints of the past that were reimagined and set in a contemporary world with the following text:

Super-Cycle (1936)

The June 1936 cover of Modern Mechanix & Inventions Magazine promised two revolutionary technologies: television, and the 300 mph Super-Cycle. Sadly, the Super-Cycle and its unnamed inventor were quickly left behind by TV.

The Super-Cycle is capable of reaching record-breaking speeds on its spherical wheels. The driver is safely encased within the bikes aerodynamic shell. For added safety, there is a cushion attached to the front of the canopy windshield to lean your head on as you power forward.

And those twin motors? Two separate power plants are employed, one on each side of the powerful rigid chassis, explains the author, without even blushing.

Chrysler Heir (1941)

Gil Spear started as a specialist within the trade of car design: he mostly did the fronts. The 1939 Plymouth, 1939 New Yorker, and 1940 Saratoga front ends were his. And Chrysler adopted the wraparound grille on this unbuilt 1941 cruiser for their 1942 Royal (hence weve christened the 41 model the Chrysler Heir).

Spears proto-space-age Chrysler tapers to a point at the rear, encasing a maximum of two passengers in the bubble-like cockpit. We can imagine that the designer would have projected the speedometer onto the windscreen, since that was one of his proposals for Ford a few years later.

HobbyPop RoadShop (1958)

Nostalgic for woodwork, cheerful Partridge Family optimism, and casual sexism? Youll love this 1958 bus-length workshop on wheels. The elevated drivers cabin means Mum is far less likely to take a wrong turn. Plus, the entire lower deck is left free for Dad to use it as his carpentry workshop.

Okay, so Bruce McCall actually drew up the HobbyPop RoadShop in 2001 to parody vehicles like the others on our list. But its still an oddly plausible addition to the world of 20th century speculative vehicle design.

McLouth XV61 Concept (1961)

Syd Meads most famous vehicles are the Tron Light Cycle (which inspired Kanedas bike in Akira) and Blade Runners flying Spinner car. Meads military-funded design for a four-legged, gyro-balanced, walking cargo vehicle directly inspired the Star Wars AT-AT.

But if youre more of a Volvo sort of person, consider the XV61, which Mead designed for um the McLouth Steel Corporation. McLouth built the XV (Xperimental Vehicle) for the 61 New York International Automobile Show, boasting that the family car was both road safe and future safe because it would also run on the monorail. Minimal trim and simple geometric lines just about keep the XV61 down-to-Earth for the responsible family man with one eye on the future.

Singlets (1962)

Suddenly, the Singoletta doesnt seem far-fetched. Put a canopy on a Segway and you have the perfect social-distancing little vehicle.

A speed of no more than forty kilometers per hour. A minimum of protection from the weather. A minimum of space. A minimum of consumption. A minimum of cost.

The magazine artist Walter Molino illustrated the Singoletta for the Domenica del Corriere in 1962. But the actual inventor was the mysterious Cesare Armano, a pseudonym for the famous correspondent and science-fiction author Franco Bandini. Bandinis solution to the traffic pandemic would cost a quarter of the price of a Fiat 500, and 10 Singlets would fit in the space of one car. Plus, its electric motor would have been kind to the environment. Visionary!

The New Urban Car (1970)

In 1970, the average 4-seater carried just 1.2 humans (today, its 1.67), y, clogging the air and roads. Automotive writer Ken W. Purdy imagined the solution in a Playboy article illustrated by Syd Mead.

Tomorrows in-city car would be a two-seater with a cheap, quiet, slightly greener gas turbine in place of the internal combustion engine.

Space is maximized by combining the steering wheel and accelerator into a single fold-away lever. Swing it to steer, twist it to accelerate.

The rear unit including wheels, turbine, and transmission is detachable to make repairs easier.

A cheap but adequate two-way telephone comes as standard. Looking for the doors? The canopy simply flips open and is hinged at the bumper.

Anti-Gravity Car (1979)

Meads 1979 anti-gravity vehicle conjures worlds beyond us, being part Spinner and part TIE fighter with a hint of Batwing.

We dont really know what gravity is but were going to figure it out, Syd Mead told Car Magazine, shortly before his death. I think thats the next huge breakthrough in controlling the real world.

The Anti-Gravs wraparound windscreen gives the driver-pilot a clear view in all directions. But wherever youre going, you still need roads as this is a hovering vehicle rather than an all-out flying car.

Note to city planners: Meads illustration includes buffer walls at street level to stop the cars overhanging fins from knocking down pedestrians!

Any attempt to predict the future of vehicle technology is doomed to be a bit absurd, the Budget Direct team continues. But the future is much closer than it used to be, and the world around is starting to look distinctly Jetsons-like.

Self-driving cars cruise the streets, even if they can be outwitted by a mischief with a can of paint. Mercedes-Benz posits the Urbanetic (the name Urbmobile was already taken in 1968), a self-driving, fully electric auto with an interchangeable body. Yes, the whole body.

And Elon Musk says Teslas cartoonish Cybertruck was inspired by Syd Meads Spinner. The consumer pickup has the specs of a sports car, armored glass, an impenetrable exoskeleton, and the option to include a fold-out barbeque and picnic table at the back. Perhaps Musk has been studying some of historys sillier car designs, too.

A note on methodology and sources: The team started by gathering interesting concepts created by visionaries, artists, and inventors depicting what they thought vehicles in the future might look like. They then researched each image further: who created it, where it was originally published and when, as well as any interesting facts or important features. Finally, a team of specialist designers created new, realistic renders based on the original drawings bringing these vehicles that never were to life.


Abrams, A. (2010). Retrofuture Transportation Showcase. darkroastedblend.com

Modern Mechanix. (2006). Super-Cycle to Smash All Speed Records. blog.modernmechanix.com

Novak, M. (2007). Cars Detroit Forgot To Build. paleofuture.gizmodo.com

Pittenger, D. (2012). Gil Spear and the 1942 Chrysler. artcontrarian.blogspot.com

Sabatini, R. (2020). Coronavirus, the prophetic cover of Domenica del Corriere in 1962: We will go around like this. ilmessaggero.it

Sand, C. (2017). Syd Mead Urban Car design study. retro-futurism.livejournal.com

Tate, R. (2017). Syd Mead and Stainless Steel in a Concept for the Future. motorcities.org

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Visions of an automotive future that hasn't come to fruition - The ClassicCars.com Journal

Dr. Patrick Pilati: A Futurist at the Forefront of the New Global Economy – LatestLY

I dont believe in predicting the future. I believe in helping to create it. Pilati affirms.

He might be known as a trusted advisor to some of the wealthiest individuals in the world and a skillful power broker butDr. Patrick Pilatiis, at his core a humanist. His lifes work has been devoted to the creation of wealth not only financial, but intellectual, academic and motivational as well his unique leadership style is widely regarded as the secret ingredient behind countless large scale economic, technological and geopolitical agreements.

Dr. Pilati serves as the Founder and Chief Executive Officer of Luxury Horse (formerly Castro 17 Holding) an innovative and ambitious vehicle soon to be listed in the Luxembourg stock exchange to systematically monetize alternative entertainment industries such as horse racing on a global scale.

But beyond his countless business accolades, Patrick finds joy in philanthropy. Stemming from a lineage of noteworthy figures including Pilatis great grandfather who discovered Zanzibar his commitment to giving back is palpable. His latest humanitarian achievement is the UHURU Healthcare initiative, precisely in Zanzibar, Tanzania.

The1.5B state of the art medical center will have 400 beds and Pilati has secured a large scale partnership with IBM Healthcare which will further empower this heartfelt initiative.But Paticks vision expands far beyond the present, he is passionate about creating the future.

Through his strategic involvement in cutting edge ventures and thanks to his multiple advisory roles within leading companies across wealth management, artificial intelligence, electronic sports, alternative healthcare solutions and ultra high net worth consulting, Pilati has become a modern trendsetter amongst the global elite.

When executives and entrepreneurs approach me for guidance, I always keep in mind that their trust is priceless. As an advisor, board member and public speaker I have learned to empower people as a way to help them reach their utmost potential. Patrick affirms.

In the midst of far-reaching global economic turbulence,select global leaders turn to experts like Dr. Patrick Pilati for advice, and people like him have a reputation for delivering.

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Dr. Patrick Pilati: A Futurist at the Forefront of the New Global Economy - LatestLY

Scarborough wheel given go-ahead to remain until 2022 – Gazette & Herald

SCARBOROUGHs seafront observation wheel has been given the go-ahead to operate on thesite of the former Futurist Theatre for the next three summers.

Observation Wheel UK, which ran the 32-metre high wheel operated on the site throughout the summer of 2019, should have been operating the attraction from April before the coronavirus lockdown came into force.

The wheel is now up and running and Scarborough Councils planning committee has approved an application that will allow it to remain on the site until October 31, extending the season to make up for the time missed.

The operator was also given permission to use the wheel from April 1 to October 31 in both 2021 and 2022.

The wheel is the same one as used last year, capable of carrying a maximum of 144 passengers with six people seated in each of its 24 enclosed gondolas.

New for 2020 is Captain Jacks Adventure Golf, an 18-hole family golf course, next to the wheel.

The committee voted to allow the golf course to remain on-site all year round.

The plans were approved unanimously.

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Scarborough wheel given go-ahead to remain until 2022 - Gazette & Herald

Physicist: Knowing How the Universe Will Die Comforts Me – Futurism

Cosmic Acceptance

For cosmologist Katie Mack, understanding that the ways that the universe might die provides a sense of comfort and connection with everything around her.

Mack, a researcher at North Carolina State University, told BBC News that studying the ways the universe could theoretically end at any moment or the distant future gave her a strange sense of peace.

Theres something about acknowledging the impermanence of existence that is just a little bit freeing, Mack told BBC News.

Mack argues that many people may feel that the universe is happening elsewhere.To them, everyday life isnt really tethered to the goings-on of the cosmos.

It kind-of made it personal, this idea that the whole universe has these processes going on all the time, but in principle they could happen to me: Im in the universe, and I dont have any protection from this stuff, Mack told BBC News.

Mack added that with her new book, The End of Everything, shes trying to share that terror a little bit, which seems mean, but to help people have that more personal connection with whats going on in the universe.

Whether its heat death, vacuum decay, or any of the other theoretical ways that our universe could go bye-bye, Mack says that any of these scenarios are likely far into the future, if they happen at all.

Its probably not going to happen in the next, you know, trillions and trillions and trillions and trillions of years and so on, Mack told BBC News. But, technically, it could happen at any time.

READ MORE: Katie Mack: Knowing how the universe will end is freeing [BBC News]

More on the universe: A Complete Timeline of the Future of Our Universe

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Physicist: Knowing How the Universe Will Die Comforts Me - Futurism

Afroshop Debut Their Afro-futurism Clouded Identity On Long Time Ago – Culture Custodian

Sonic tandems are the in thing in the Nigerian music industry these days, with various groups challenging norms with their unions and sidelining the dictates of the mainstream. The dynamic duo consisting of singer, Chinar, and producer, Tesla out of Lagos, Nigeria, formally called AfroShop, brings a diverse combination of rich African sounds to birth a rare Afro-fusion perspective that makes them as unique as bands like them come. This perspective armed with an understanding of the creative process of Afro-futurism and its practice with inspiration from their indigenous roots, inspires their latest, Long Time Ago.

A cacophony of rousing sounds, Long Time Ago is an Afro-fusion gem that expresses intimacy and is inspired by real-life age-long convictions of unreciprocated love. The unique body of work rich in unconventional blends of African and urban storytelling creates a soundscape of nostalgic expressions of love and passion that mere words cannot do justice to.

Being the bands debut single, they aim to bring a magic touch to the way we perceive music, while on their journey to music evolution.


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Afroshop Debut Their Afro-futurism Clouded Identity On Long Time Ago - Culture Custodian

Super-Earth Exoplanets Could Have Bright-Shining Metallic Atmospheres – Futurism

Metal Clouds

A bizarreclass of exoplanets called hot super-Earths can appear particularly bright on sky surveys.

Astronomers had previously assumed thatwas because the light was reflecting off vast oceans of lava and glass on their surface, but a team of MIT scientists thinks the brightness comes from a totally-different but equally-weird phenomenon. Their research, published Tuesday in The Astrophysical Journal, suggests instead that the planets are so bright thanks to reflective clouds formed in a metal-rich atmosphere.

The lava ocean hypothesis was fairly well-accepted, but there was no experimental evidence to back it up. So the MIT team tried it out: They built miniatures of the exoplanets by melting rocks in the lab and seeing how bright the lava and glass was. The verdict? Not enough.

We still have so much to understand about these lava-ocean planets, MIT graduate student Zahra Essack who worked on the research,said in a press release. We thought of them as just glowing balls of rock, but these planets may have complex systems of surface and atmospheric processes that are quite exotic, and not anything weve ever seen before.

The experiment didnt result in new proof for the metal-rich clouds. But it suggests that there has to be something else behind the exoplanets unusual luminosity, and the atmosphere seems like a good place to look.

Were not 100 percent sure what these planets are made of, Essack said in the release, so were narrowing the parameter space and guiding future studies toward all these other potential options.

READ MORE: Lava oceans may not explain the brightness of some hot super-Earths [MIT]

More on exoplanets: Stunning Images Appear to Show a Planet Being Born

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Super-Earth Exoplanets Could Have Bright-Shining Metallic Atmospheres - Futurism

Everything Old is New Again…with Ted Cohen | Innovating Music Podcast – UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music

Innovating Music Podcast

Listen to innovators, change agents, entrepreneurs, creators, and researchers who all are making big leaps, nudging change, creating differently, or watching what is happening from a unique POV. Dr. Gigi Johnson from the UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music explores with our guests how tech is transforming how we create, collaborate, and create communities around music in a connected age in our home towns and in communities across the globe.

This week on the Innovating Music Podcast, we are joined by Ted Cohen, who shared tales of doing things for the right reasons and seeing decades ago the dimensions of our current music streaming playlists and challenges. He talks about genuineness of artists vs. overproduction in livestreaming and concerts, pricing the risks of new markets, scarcity, negotiations, how business challenges repeat, and how some people dont see or know the past launches in their very own businesses. He shares his search and joy for things that are effing amazing as a whole with elegant execution. And he shares the joy of paying it forward from those who got him started as mentors.

Known as part connector/part evangelist/always a futurist, Ted Cohen is Managing Partner of TAG Strategic, an LA-based digital entertainment consultancy. Additionally, Ted is Head of Corporate Development for Mediatech.Ventures, the Austin-based VC/incubator/accelerator. Previously, as SVP-Digital for EMI Music, Cohen led global digital business development. Prior to EMI, Ted led Consulting Adults, clients included Universal Studios, Amazon, Microsoft, and Napster. Cohen also held senior positions at both Warner Bros Records & Philips Electronics. A 40+ year digital entertainment industry veteran, Cohen created & chaired MidemNet and served on the Grammy National Trustee Board. Ted continually looks for the next innovative technology & his next challenge, he really loves his life.

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Everything Old is New Again...with Ted Cohen | Innovating Music Podcast - UCLA Herb Alpert School of Music