Caribbean Map / Map of the Caribbean – Maps and …

The Caribbean, long referred to as theWest Indies, includes more than 7,000 islands; of those, 13 are independent island countries (shown in red on the map), and some are dependencies or overseas territories of other nations.

In addition, that large number includes islets (very small rocky islands); cay's (small, low islands composed largely of coral or sand) and a few inhabited reefs: See Belize.

In geographical terms the Caribbean area includes the Caribbean Sea and all of the islands located to the southeast of the Gulf of Mexico, east of Central America and Mexico, and to the north of South America. Some of its counted cay's, islands, islets and inhabited reefs front the handful of countries that border the region.

TheBahamas and Turks and Caicos are not considered a part of the Caribbean, however, we show them here because of their cultural, geographical and political associations with the Greater Antilles and other Caribbean Islands.

At the beginning of the 15th century the population of the Caribbean was estimated to be nearly 900,000 indigenous people immediately before European contact.

Then in 1492, Christopher Columbus, the Italian explorer began his exploration of the Caribbean, becoming the firstEuropean to venture into the area.

After reportedly landing in the eastern Bahamas, Columbus named these islands theIndies, because he thought he had finally reached Asia (and the East Indies).

Numerous explorers followed in his path, then tens of thousands of settlers arrived from the Americas, China, European countries and India. Included in that mix were religious outcasts and a small army of pirates.

Across the Caribbean, slaves fromAfrica were imported in great numbers to work the sugar and tobacco plantations.

By then the indigenous populations of the islands were in severe decline as exposure to disease and brutal genocide wiped out much of their number.

Great military powers continually fought for control of the islands, and finally, a blended mix of African andEuropean cultures and languages transformed this large group of islands and its peoples into one of the premier tourist destinations on the planet.

Long called theWest Indies, the overall area is now commonly referred to as the Caribbean, a name that became popular after World War II.

Over the last few decades legions of travelers have journeyed to the Caribbean to enjoy the amenities. They frequently arrive in cruise ships that sail in and out, from ports in Florida and Puerto Rico.

Overall the Caribbean is a magical place of palm trees, white sand beaches, turquoise waters and sunshine, all blessed with a climate that consistently offers a much-needed break for those stuck in the cold weather doldrums of the north.

If you haven't been, you should, and if you've been here more than once, you will come again, as these islands, these beach-ringed, jungle-covered rocks are home to thousands of historical surprises and activities galore.

So come wiggle you toes in the sand, and eat and sleep under the stars in the Caribbean.You won't be disappointed.

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Caribbean Map / Map of the Caribbean - Maps and ...

How A Little Island In The Caribbean Sea Is Standing Up To The Goliath Of Coronavirus – Forbes

Coastline of Grand Cayman.

It is 9 a.m. on a Saturday morning at Hurleys supermarket in Grand Cayman and there is no hint of business as usual. Members of the Royal Cayman Islands Police Service are manning the supermarket entrance, while security guards spray shoppers hands with antibacterial fluid. Winding dividers direct hundreds of compliant shoppers who file through electric doors every several minutes and at least six feet apart.

Caymanians are restocking on supplies after having just emerged from a hard curfew. No one other than essential workers have been allowed outside of the boundaries of their homesnot even to go on a run or walk a dogand supermarkets, pharmacies and a handful of essential businesses are the only signs of commercial activity.

But Caymans Premier, the Honourable Alden McLaughlin, has a reason to be proud. With just 8 cases of COVID-19 and one death, there have been no confirmed instances of community transmission in the Cayman Islands all positive cases have been connected to travelers.

On a number of fronts, one can say that 2020 has not been smooth sailing for the three-island archipelago. On January 28, an earthquake of 7.7 Mw shook the 102-square-mile island as well as its neighbors, Jamaica and Cuba. Almost one month later, the British territory struggled with what many have considered to be a Brexit-driven blacklisting on EUs list of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions, and in early March, local schools and residents were forced to evacuate when the islands landfill burst into a historic blaze that would take days to bring under control.

To add insult to injury, the government and members of civil society have not been seeing eye to eye on a number of proposed government initiatives, including a $200 million government proposal to develop its cruise berthing facility.

But as coronavirus trickled its way into the Americas, Cayman began what has come to be recognized as one of the most proactive and decisive disease containment strategies in the hemisphere a policy regime that has put its people first at the expense of everything else, including the highly influential cruise industry.

These decisions have not come without backlash. In February, the executive chairman of MSC Meraviglia criticized Cayman for denying entry to the ship, after one of its crew appeared to have symptoms of the virus, stating that local authorities acted out of fear. Carnival cruises opted to change routes, bypassing Cayman because of its stringent anti-COVID-19 measures.

On March 11, when the World Health Organization announced that the COVID-19 outbreak had reached the level of a pandemic and public health experts urged governments to take immediate aggressive action, Cayman had no need to be reactive.

The government had already implemented COVID-19 regulations about a week and a half prior to the announcement, despite not having yet identified a single case of the virus within its borders.

But just one day later, a 68-year-old cruise ship passenger who was being treated for a cardiac condition at a local health facility tested positive for COVID-19, to which he would succumb within 48 hours.

Within days, schools were closed and public gathering bans of 50 or more persons (later whittled down to 10 or more persons) were implemented. All patients and staff of the local health facility, as well as the people with whom they had come into contact with, were quarantined.

By March 16, amid stories of the rampant spread of the virus at sea and three days after President Donald Trump declared a national emergency in the United States, cruise ships were banned from docking in Grand Cayman. By March 22, Cayman bade farewell to its final visitors for at least an initial 21 days as borders came to a close.

For a country that relies on tourism for about 70% of its GDP and 75% of foreign currency earnings, this decision was difficultbut necessary.

The lives of our people in the Cayman Islands are our first and foremost concern, said tourism minister Moses Kirkconnell.

Public orders fluctuated between a soft curfew, or shelter-in-place orders, requiring residents to stay at home except for essential activities, to a hard curfew, or 24-hour lockdown, which prohibited all movement within the community, except for that of essential workers.

We do not know the extent of community transmission, said the Premier in defense of these decisions. We have to act like it is everywhere. We need people to stay home.

Communication was and has been expedient and transparent. Every day and sometimes twice a day, the Premier, the Chief Medical Officer, the Minister of Health, the Governor and an invited official face the community live, via YouTube and Facebook Live, to update the country on the latest developmentswhich have been known to change drastically from one day to the next.

Each of the characters at the table has a unique role. Premier Alden McLaughlin refers to himself as the grim reaper and has been the carrier of news from around the world and the voice of new regulations. Minister of Health Dwayne Seymour has served as the Christian voice on the panel, offering prayers to the country. Chief Medical Officer Dr. John Lee delivers medical news and advice, and Governor Martyn Roper has been the voice of the mother country.

L-R, Minister of Health, the Honourable Dwayne Seymour, Premier, the Honourable Alden McLaughlin, ... [+] Governor, Martyn Roper and Chief Medical Officer, Dr John Lee

Residents are provided with access to free SMS government notices, a dedicated coronavirus government information website and a list of hotlines for questions and reports.

Social support has also been strong and stipends have been provided to those who are struggling the most. Caymans fiscal strength has provided it with the unique flexibility to support the economy for several months, according to the Premier, but as with the rest of the world, no one knows how much support will ultimately be required. And, it is certain that it will take a while to recover.

Also impressive is the strong spirit of collaboration between the public and private sectors. When Caymanian students began to fly in from U.K. boarding schools and universities, three local hotels volunteered their properties to serve as quarantine facilities as per the government order that all travelers self-isolate for two weeks.

The highly competitive financial sector unanimously offered three-month mortgage moratoriums, utility companies put a hold on disconnections, and gas stations lowered the price of fuel.

Cayman is lucky. Given its status as a British territory, the United Kingdom has provided support by way of public health consultations and has contributed supplies. Caymans sophisticated healthcare sector has made it the only British overseas territory that has been able to provide reliable onshore COVID-19 testing.

Early action, transparent communication and strict quarantine rules have been game changers for Cayman, but what has really made a difference has been the clear choice of life over money or politics.

I dont want a single one of my people, and that includes everyone who resides here, to die of this disease. Thats what we are aiming for, said the Premier. It could be you, it could be your mother, your grandmother, your sister, your auntie, your uncle, your father or it could be you No one is trying to make your life more difficult. We are trying to save it. Please help us.

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How A Little Island In The Caribbean Sea Is Standing Up To The Goliath Of Coronavirus - Forbes

How COVID-19 Has Affected the Caribbean and Latin America – NBC 6 South Florida

Countries throughout the Caribbeanand Latin America are ordering residents to remain at home in an effort tocontain the coronavirus. Heres a look at what some governments are doing as ofMarch 28, 2020.

Healthofficials in Brazil say coronavirus cases are now reported in all regions ofthe country. In a recent tweet,Brazils president says the country will now utilize the armed forces 24 hoursa day to fight the virus. It is pouring more resources into battling coronavirusincluding an expansion of tests, more laboratories to diagnose COVID-19, and increasingthe number of ICU beds. 23 members of Brazilians presidential delegation thatcame to Florida two weeks ago later tested positive for coronavirus. Duringthat trip, Brazils president Jair Bolsonaro dined with President Trump atMar-a-Lago.

Cuba is enforcing strict measures in an attempt to stop thevirus from spreading. According to NBCNews reporters in Cuba, the government is banning citizens from leaving thecountry, schools are closed, tourism is shut down, and local transportationservices are no longer running. Large gatherings are banned, and only Cubansabroad and foreign workers living in Cuba can reenter the country.

Haiti continues to deal with food shortagesamid the coronavirus outbreak. In a recent tweet,Haitis president Jovenel Moise says his government is working hard to distributefood to those in need. The country remains under a state of emergency, shutteringschools, churches, and factories. The countrys borders are closed, and a curfewis imposed to prevent the spread of virus. Haiti is one of the 51 countries theUnited Nations will help through a $2billion global humanitarian fund.

Jamaica is urging its citizens to beconcerned and to remain prepared about coronavirus. The government is keepingclose tabs on those who arrived by plane in mid-to-late March and will makesure they are quarantined. On Twitter,Jamaicas Prime Minister Andrew Holness says the country is trying to strike abalance between economic activity and managing the spread of COVID-19.

Mexicos federal government is suspendingall nonessential government activities to try to prevent the spread of the virus. Hospitals, fuel production, electrical power, public sanitation and law enforcement are part of the essential services that won't be suspended. At a recent news conference, Mexicos president said the countrys public health crisis is not resolved only in hospitals, it is resolved in our homes.

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How COVID-19 Has Affected the Caribbean and Latin America - NBC 6 South Florida

Around the Caribbean… Around the Caribbean…Around the Caribbean… – Jamaica Observer

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Grenada PM defends curfew

ST GEORGE'S, Grenada (CMC) Prime Minister Dr Keith Mitchell said yesterday he remains confident and optimistic that Grenada will be able to weather the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic as he defended his Administration's decision to impose a curfew on the island.

Mitchell, speaking at a news conference here, said that virus was not only a health problem but a global economic one with implications for all sectors of the global society.

Businesses, workers, those who are already vulnerable; even the coffers of government are impacted by this crisis, he told reporters adding that the seven-day mandatory curfew is part of efforts to reduce community transmission of COVID-19.

Mitchell, who was accompanied by his Health Minister Nicholas Steele, said that the pandemic had thrown the global community into a tailspin.

But we have to arm ourselves the best way possible to get through this crisis. The long and short of this pandemic, is that the longer we take to adhere to the advice of the experts and the regulations issued by Government, it is the longer we will be in this situation, he warned.

T&T security minister condemns behaviour of cops, soldiers

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad (CMC) National Security Minister Stuart Young said yesterday that 'an immediate investigation would be conducted by the police and the Trinidad and Tobago Defence Force (TTDF) after videos on social media show law enforcement officials engaged in inappropriate behaviour as the country urged people to stay home to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

In a statement, Young said that he had seen the videos that appear to be of certain members of the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service and the TTDF engaging in inappropriate behaviour with members of the public, forcing them to consume what may be alcoholic beverages.

The behaviour depicted in the videos is condemned in the strongest manner, Young said, noting that he had communicated his position to the Police Commissioner Gary Griffith and the Chief of Defence Force Air Commodore Darryl Daniel.

In the video, the law enforcement officers are heard and seen laughing as they give two men drinks in a rum bottle. In one of the videos a man was threatened to be shot if he did not consume the drink in a timely manner and do as he was told. Another man was made to do push-ups and outrun a police vehicle, while another man is seen choking on the drink.

Barbados Gov't issues warning to employers

BRIDGETOWN, Barbados (CMC) The Barbados Government is warning employers that they are in breach of the law if they insist that their workers take vacation during the curfew period that has been instituted here as part of the efforts to prevent the spread of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

The 8:00 pm to 6:00 am curfew is expected to end on Tuesday, April 14.

Attorney General Dale Marshall warned employers that the law is the law and it must not be mocked. He said under the Holidays with Pay Act, an employer cannot send an employee on vacation without giving him adequate notice.

So, when an employer says to an employee, I want you to take a vacation, that employee has the right to say no, plain and simple. I'm not here to give people labour law advice, but that is the effect of the law; we have not amended that legislation, he said.

According to the Holiday with Pay Act, employers are required to give staff no less than 14 days of notice for vacation leave. However, the attorney general has appealed to employees with accumulated vacation days to compromise.

Let's be reasonable. I know of some in some places where employers have said that individuals have 120 days of vacation accumulated. So, if an employer says to an individual, I want you to take vacation, there should be some spirit of compromise, if you have that flexibility, he said.

Nation urged to help fight war against COVID-19

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad (CMC) Prime Minister Dr Keith Rowley on Sunday urged the nation to fight the invisible enemy COVID-19.

In a message delivered from his residence, just hours before the implementation of measures to curb the spread of the virus, Rowley put the twin island republic on the war path.

In making reference to citizens who fought in both World Wars, the Prime Minister said that the battle against the coronavirus is no different.

The difference between this war and those World Wars was that those who picked up arms to defend us, carried guns, fired bullets. The war that we're fighting now is an invisible enemy, a micro-pathogen that you will not see with the naked eye, but we know it's there, he said.

This pathogen could strike us and it could take days before we know who is a casualty.

In those days when the instruction was given, it was more than likely an instruction that says, 'To the breaches, aim, fire.' Today the instructions are, 'Take cover', meaning, stay home. Do not congregate; isolate and quarantine yourselves, Rowley said.

Today, every single one of us has to be a soldier because the enemy can come from any one of us. So we have to be extra careful, he added.

Now you can read the Jamaica Observer ePaper anytime, anywhere. The Jamaica Observer ePaper is available to you at home or at work, and is the same edition as the printed copy available at http://bit.ly/epaperlive

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Around the Caribbean... Around the Caribbean...Around the Caribbean... - Jamaica Observer

Caribbean Moment: A Perfect Sandbar in The Bahamas – Caribbean Journal

Its just called The Sandbar, a stretch of sublime strands of ocean sand remote enough that its never gotten a real name.

Its set just off the coast of Cape Eleuthera, the southwestern-most corner of the enchanting island of Eleuthera in The Bahamas, a sprawling resort made for adventure-seekers and beach lovers.

It takes just a minute or two to shuttle here and before you know it youre in another dimension, of sparkling white sand and the kind of neon turquoise you can really only find in seas of The Bahamas.

Its as close as there is to perfect, a place that instantly turns your day into an all-time great one upon your first step.

Just make sure you take your Kalik with you.

Take a moment and dream of this perfect sandbar in The Bahamas, with the latest edition of Caribbean Moment below.


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Caribbean Moment: A Perfect Sandbar in The Bahamas - Caribbean Journal

CHTA: The Caribbean will resurface stronger in tourism – Dominican Today

The main tourism leaders of the Caribbean point to the past experience of the region with great interruptions overcome as hope for its future after COVID-19.

And it is that the Caribbean already has considerable experience in managing interruptions and risks, as recalled by the general director of the Association of Hotels and Tourism of the Caribbean ( CHTA),Frank Comito.

We demonstrated this publication on September 11, through SARS, Zika, hurricanes and other natural disasters in the past two decades, all while experiencing unprecedented growth, he said.

Comito further noted CHTA has been actively working to implement monitoring, awareness and education initiatives across the region, work that started immediately after understanding the COVID-19 threat.

He explained that while much of what happens is beyond individual control, the duration and intensity of the pandemic should be managed through solid collective actions by companies, organizations, communities, and governments.

However, he said that it is desired that tourism in the Caribbean emerge and know how to use the lessons learned to help make the region even more desirable.

Despite the temporary dark clouds, the sun is shining in the Caribbean and will continue to do so.As we go through this, the world will need the Caribbean to help it heal, said Comito.

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CHTA: The Caribbean will resurface stronger in tourism - Dominican Today

Helping the Caribbean in a Pandemic | Therese Turner-Jones – Caribbean360.com

By Therese Turner-Jones

WASHINGTON, United States, Monday March 30, 2020 Cruise ships are docked. Flights are grounded and tourists are staying home. As the coronavirus grinds the world economy to a halt, the small, open economies of the Caribbean are taking a hard hit.

TheBahamas, Barbados and Jamaica are dependent on tourism. Oil and natural gasprices are plunging, hurting Guyana, Suriname, and Trinidad & Tobago.

Arecent exploration of economic scenarios gives some indication of the extent towhich the reduction in tourist arrivals could impact the GDP of Caribbeancountries. The worst scenario: a 75 per cent reduction in tourism arrivals overthe last 3 quarters of the year could reduce GDP by between 11 per cent and 26per cent in the case of The Bahamas, with similar numbers for Barbados andJamaica. Governments need urgent financial support.

Atthe Inter-American Development Bank, we are taking steps to help our six Caribbeanmember countries. We are increasing the availability of funds, adjusting ourlending instruments, re-channeling technical assistance grants, andestablishing exchange andlearning platforms, to provideimmediate responses to the countries specific demands. We are devoting ourentire network of collaboration, knowledge, and dialogueto serve theregional effort combating thepandemic.

Forour 26-member countries, we have added US$3.3 billion in additional funds tothe 2020 lending program. These resources, together with the availableprogrammed resources, make up to US$12 billion available to the countries toaddress the health crisis and the economic impacts stemming from the pandemic.

Wehave immediately offered countries the ability to reallocate resources from thehealth portfolio and will consider reformulating the entire loan portfolio toredirect available resources for an amount equivalent to 10 per cent of theundisbursed loan balances in the investment portfolio or up to US$50 million,whichever occurs first. The IDB is also making US$50 million of our ownresources available to Latin America and the Caribbean for national andregional grant assistance, as well as technical cooperation funds fromnonregional partners under the IDBs administration.

IDBInvest will join this effort with US$5 billion in 2020 for Latin America andthe Caribbean. Of this amount, USUS$4.5 billion from its investment programwill be devoted to enable lines to support the financing of the entire tradeand supply chain and finance companies in critical sectors impacted by thecrisis. In addition, IDB Invest will create a new Crisis Mitigation Facilitywith US$500 million to finance the delivery of services and inputs for thehealth sector and provide access to short-term financing for small andmedium-sized enterprises. These financial efforts are being supplemented by thestreamlining of our fiduciary processes and approval times so we can providethe firm and timely support demanded by the situation.

Wewill also be coordinating closely with other multilateral financialinstitutions such as the IMF and the World Bank. This is an all-hands-on-deckmoment.

The health and safety of the people of the Caribbean is our top priority. The steps governments are taking to protect the lives of their citizens are encouraging. We urge all governments to enforce urgent regulations to restrict the spread of the virus. And we urge citizens to abide by these rules. Our teams in your countries are fully engaged with policy makers to fulfill the most urgent needs and also plan for the future. You can count on the IDB Group, with all the human and financial resources at our disposal, to help you through these challenging times.

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Therese Turner-Jones has been the IDBs country representative for Jamaica since 2013. In 2017 her portfolio was expanded when she was promoted to general manager of IDBs Country Department Caribbean Group (CCB). Her purview spans IDB operations in Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago and her home country, the Bahamas. A trained economist, Mrs. Turner-Jones has over 25 years experience in macroeconomics and economic development, with special emphasis on the Caribbean.

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Captain Lee From ‘Below Deck’ Expresses Concern the Caribbean Will Be ‘Hit Hard’ by Coronavirus – Showbiz Cheat Sheet

Captain Lee Rosbach from Below Deck recently expressed concern about the potential impact the coronavirus will have on islands in the Caribbean.

Rosbach appeared on a webinar hosted by Denison Yachts, The Palm Beach Post reports. He revealed he recently returned from being in the Caribbean, which likely gives him a unique perspective about what could occur along the tiny island chain. Below Deck season 8 was filming in the Caribbean and reportedly cut production short due to the virus.

He worried about both the health and economic impact the virus will have on the area. Last fall, Hurricane Dorian slammed the Bahamas causing an estimated $1.5 to $3 billion worth of damage in the Caribbean. Hurricanes alone can destroy businesses, leaving lasting economic hardships. However, the coronavirus has an additional layer of concern from a public health standpoint.

Rosbach shared video and photos upon his return about two weeks ago. But he said the Caribbean is already being impacted. Those guys are really getting hit hard, he said during the Denison webcast. When your whole economy is based around people paying a duty, and then no one is paying the duty, your whole infrastructure goes down the tubes.

In addition to yachting, many cruise lines travel to ports in the Caribbean. Now that cruises are put on hold, Rosbach sees how the economy is taking a beating.

However, unlike a hurricane that can destroy the entire infrastructure, a pandemic should allow businesses to become fully operational once the threat passes. Rosbach seems optimistic the downturn wont be everlasting. The snap back for the economy is going to be huge, he said. Once the dam gets open, its really going to flow.

Rosbach has been sharing motivational videos on Instagram filled with advice. He urges everyone to stay home and practice social distancing. In a recent video, he also told people to avoid hoarding. And for Gods sakes dont buy the last package of toilet paper, seriously people? If theres one pack left, leave it for someone who really needs it, he said.

But he also knows people get antsy being at home for a lengthy period of time. As a captain who spent an extensive amount of time at sea, he knows all about cabin fever. Cabin fever is a very real thing, he said in the webinar. Noting being cooped up too long will have an impact on mental health.

Hes shown people how they can still practice social distancing while getting fresh air. He took a bike ride during his first video. He also shot another video from his gorgeous, tropical backyard. Rosbach has also offered advice using a few of his infamous phrases too.

I want to make sure everybodys still doing the right thing, hanging in there, hanging tough, he said. As I said before, were going to get through this. We dont have to get our knickers in a wad over it. We just need to keep doing the right thing and not screwing the pooch.

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Captain Lee From 'Below Deck' Expresses Concern the Caribbean Will Be 'Hit Hard' by Coronavirus - Showbiz Cheat Sheet

24 Movies That Will Take You to the Caribbean Right Now – Caribbean Journal

When Hollywood goes looking for a location that oozes tropicalromance, it often turns to the Caribbean, which has been starring in bothindependent and big-budget films since the 1930s. Conversely, a handful offilms produced in the Caribbean have found a wider audience by sharing thestories of island people, culture, and music with the world.

When youre stuck at home and missing the Caribbean, pour yourself a rum drink and settle into your couch with one of these Caribbean-centric films, all of which were either set or filmed in the Caribbean.

Action/Adventure Movies:

Live and Let Die: Set primarily in New Orleans and Jamaica, this 1973 James Bond film starring Roger Moore as 007 includes memorable scenes shot in Jamaicas Green Grotto Caves, the alligator farm at J. Charles Swabys Black River Safari, the Rose Hall Great House, and the Half Moon and Sans Souci resorts.

Dr. No: The first James Bond movie, released in 1962,includes the memorable scene of Bond Girl Ursula Andress meeting Sean Conneryon Jamaicas Laughing Waters Beach. The film is set primarily in Jamaica theisland is the purported location of Dr. Nos secret lair and other shootinglocations include the Bauxite terminal in Ocho Rios, the Blue Mountains, theWhite River, Montego Bay, the GrandPortRoyalHotel in Kingston, andthe former San Souci resort, now Couples San Souci.

Thunderball: The fourth James Bond film in the series brings 007 to the Bahamas, where he meets SPECTRE baddie Emilio Largo and engages in an underwater battle with his henchmen. Shot in Panavision, the big-screen action film includes a Junkanoo parade on Bay Street in Nassau, and other sites that make cameos in the movie include Love Beach, Rose Island, Clifton Pier, and Paradise Island.

The Thomas Crown Affair: While the Caribbean is only a supporting actor in the art heist film, the island of Martinique takes a star turn when Pierce Brosnans Thomas Crown takes Insurance Investigator CatherineBanning (played by Rene Russo) on an impromptu trip to his villa on the Atlantic coast of Martinique.

The Island: The film adaptation of Peter Benchleysmodern-day pirate thriller was set in the Bahamas and largely filmed in Abacoand Antigua. The 1980 film pits Michael Caine against an isolated colony ofFrench pirates who have been preying on sailors for centuries.

The Deep: Another Peter Benchley story, The Deep centerson a shipwreck dive gone wrong off the coast of Bermuda but was shot in theBritish Virgin Islands, including underwater sequences filmed near Peter Islandand featuring the wreck of the HMS Rhone.

Third World Cop: A 1999 Jamaican action film about aKingston man who joins the special forces to fight gun smugglers.

Pirates of the Caribbean: The five Johnny Depp-led Pirates of the Caribbean films have been a huge boost to Caribbean tourism in general and some less-traveled shooting locations in particular, including Dominica and St. Vincent. Islands appearing in the films include Little Exuma in the Bahamas, Petit Tabac in the Grenadines, Old San Juan and Fajardo in Puerto Rico and Samana in the Dominican Republic. The town of Port Royal, where the first film opens and is featured in most of the films, was based on the infamous pirate colony in Jamaica, but filmed in Wallaibou Bay on St. Vincent.

Countryman: A Jamaican fisherman is the hero of this 1982action film produced by Island Records head (and Jamaica resident) ChrisBlackwell. Edwin Countryman Lothan, a Rastafarianfisherman, played the title role, and the soundtrack is full of reggaeclassics.

Haven: Filmed entirely in the Cayman Islands, Haven is atale of violent betrayal set in a paradisiacal background starring Bill Paxton,Zoe Saldana, and Orlando Bloom.

The Mighty Quinn: This Denzel Washington thriller about aCaribbean police chief who tries to protect a childhood friend accused ofmurdering a rich resort owner, was filmed in Port Antonio, Jamaica and at theGolden Clouds villa in Oracabessa.

The Tamarind Seed: Mary Poppins headed to the Caribbeanin this 1974 film starring Julie Andrews and Omar Sharif and directed by BlakeEdwards. The tale of a Cold War romance reaches its apex when the lovers meeton a Barbados beach. The spy movie was filmed in Barbados, London, and Paris.


Captain Ron: Something of a cult classic, this 1992 comedystarring Kurt Russell and Martin Short in a story about a misbegotten yachtcruise through the Caribbean. Much of the film was shot in Puerto Rico,including old San Juan, La Fortaleza, and the Puerto del Fuego Marina inFajardo.

Cool Runnings: The late John Candy stars as a Canadianbobsled coach working with a team of Jamaicans to learn the sport so they canqualify for the winter Olympics. Verrrry loosely based on the true story of theJamaican Bobsled Team. The 1992 comedy was filmed in Discovery Bay andKingston.

Club Paradise: This 1986 comedy, a rare flop for RobinWilliams, focuses on the chaotic operations of a Club Med style resort in thefictional island of St. Nicholas, populated by a familiar cast of tourists,reggae musicians, hoteliers, developers, and corrupt local officials. The moviewas shot over four months in Jamaica, primarily in Portland, and co-starsreggae legend Jimmy Cliff and several other prominent Jamaicans.


Cocktail: Tome Cruise and Bryan Brown star as bartenders in this 1988 film that focuses on the two pursuing their dreams of owning their own bar. Cruises character spends years working at a bar in Jamaica to raise money Jamaican filming locations included Dunns River Falls, Sandals Royal Plantation, Dragon Bay Beach, and the Jamaican Inn in Ocho Rios.

The Harder They Come: Often credited with introducingJamaican reggae to the rest of the world, this 1972 movie stars Jimmy Cliff aslead character IvanhoeIvan Martin, following him from poverty in Kingston tomusical stardom before descending into an outlaw existence. The movie wasproduced and shot in Kingston.

Dancehall Queen: Beenie Man recording the title song forthis 1997 independent film shot in Jamaica, centering on the story of a streetvendor who adopts the persona of a dancehall star to outwit two violent men.

To Have and Have Not: This 1944 classic starring HumphreyBogart as an American expat and Lauren Bacall as his Resistance fighter wifewas written by Ernest Hemingway and set in Martinique.

Safe in Hell: This racy 1931 film tells the story of a New Orleans woman who kills the man who forced her into prostitution, then flees to the fictional Caribbean island of Tortuga.

The Rum Diary: A.k.a. the other Johnny Depp Caribbeanmovie, The Rum Diary was set (and mostly filmed in Puerto Rico); based on aHunter S. Thompson book, the 2011 film stars Depp as a hard-drinking author andalso includes scenes of Carnival in St. Thomas.


How Stella Got Her Groove Back: In this 1998 romance,successful stockbroker Angela Bassett finds her groove on a vacation inJamaica when she meets a young Taye Diggs and embarks on a sultry love affair.The Round Hill and Time n Place resorts stood in for Stellas Jamaican digs inthe film.

Along Came Polly: This 2004 romantic comedy starring an uptight Ben Stiller and free spirited Jennifer Aniston begins and ends on a beach in St. Barth.

Islands in the Sun: This CinemaScope Darryl Zanuck-directed film released in 1957 focuses on an interracial romance between characters played by Harry Belafonte and Joan Fontaine. The movie was shot on location in Barbados and Grenada, including Barbados historic Farley Hill mansion (which was later destroyed in a fire).

Any films you love that we didnt mention? Email us at news@caribjournal.com.

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24 Movies That Will Take You to the Caribbean Right Now - Caribbean Journal

Trinidad Records Third Death from COVID-19 – caribbeannationalweekly.com

PORT OF SPAIN, Trinidad Trinidad and Tobago Saturday recorded its third death from the coronavirus (COVID-19) becoming the only country in the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) to has registered more than one death associated with the virus that has killed more than 18,000 people since December last year.

Jamaica and Guyana are the other two CARICOM countries to have reported deaths associated with the virus.

As is customary, the Ministry of Health in making the announcement gave no details as to who the latest victim is, and urged citizens not to panic and continue to follow the guidelines as outlined by the health authorities.

It said that the number of samples submitted to the Caribbean Public Health Agency (CARPHA) for testing for COVID-19 had reached 500 and that 76 had tested positive with the three deaths. It said one person has since been discharged.

Of the total number of positive cases, 49 of these positive cases came from the group of nationals who recently returned from a cruise, the statement said, adding there had been 46 positive cases from the group of 68 nationals who returned from the cruise together

The Ministry of Health said that there were also three positive cases from the group of nationals who returned from the same cruise, after having arrived here separately from the other 68 nationals.

On Friday, Health Minister Terrence Deyalsingh warned that the country is at a tipping point this weekend and could have an exponential rise in COVID-19 cases if the estimated 20,000 nationals who returned to the country recently do not self-quarantine.

This is not a joke, not a drill, not a practice run. This is the real thing, he told reporters that even though the countrys borders had been closed last week Sunday, prior to that approximately 19,852 travellers and resident citizens returned home.

That is where the tipping point is, because the vast majority of these 19,852 would have come from three major countries: the UK, Canada and the US. And we see what is happening in the UK and the US especially.

He said these 19,852 people need to stay at home and self-quarantine adding that symptoms generally appear between seven to eight days after exposure. He said the country was now coming into the period where it is most critical for them to self-isolate.

However we know some persons do not heed these warnings.

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Trinidad Records Third Death from COVID-19 - caribbeannationalweekly.com

On the Trail of James Bond in the Caribbean, From Jamaica to Nassau – Caribbean Journal

Ever since Ursula Andress took her sensuous stroll out of the surf at Dunns River Falls in 1962s Dr. No, theres been a love affair between the James Bond movies and the Caribbean.

And the sultry relationship continues right through the latest in the 25-film franchise, 2020s No Time to Die, which like the original takes place party in Jamaica. (Its slated for a premiere in November).

The pairing of a sleek British agent with a license to kill, and the laid-back tropics may seem incongruous at first glance. But Ian Fleming, the former intelligence officer who penned 14 James Bond books, had a home in Jamaica, and often featured the islands in his books, which inevitably made their way into the film adaptations, as well.

007 has a broad reach in the Caribbean and you can travel to all of these destinations just by watching a Bond film right now.

Jamaica: The most 007 address in Jamaica is Goldeneye, Ian Flemings former home in Oracabessa thats now a beautiful boutique hotel, part of Chris Blackwells Island Outpost group. Among the lodging options is the Fleming Villa, designed by the author himself and where he wrote all of his James Bond books four of which were set at least in part in Jamaica. GoldenEye, by the way, was named after one of Flemings wartime intelligence missions.

Dr. No introduced the world to Sean Connery as 007 and Andress as an iconic Sixties sex symbol, clad in an unforgettable belted white bikini complete with diving knife as she met James Bond on the fictional Crab Key in reality, Dunns River Falls and Laughing Waters Beach.

In fact, most of the movie was set and filmed in Jamaica, with many locations still recognizable more than half a century later, including the Bauxite terminal in Ocho Rios, Kingston, the Blue Mountains, the White River, Montego Bay, the Morgans Harbor Hotel in Port Royal (now the GrandPort RoyalHotel), and the former San Souci resort, now Couples San Souci (Roger Moores room was D20).

Sans Soucis lobby, gift shop, hibiscus cottage, spa terrace, main beach and entrance all have cameos in Live and Let Die.And even the underground lair of the title character in Dr. No where Bond destroys to prevent an attack on an American space capsule is located in Jamaica in the story.

Another villainous hideout, that of Mr. Kananga in 1973s film version of Live and Let Die, also has Jamaican roots: scenes were filmed in the Green Grotto Caves in Runaway Bay. A villa (Cottage 10) at Half Moon (then the Half Moon Bay Club) was James Bonds (Roger Moores) hotel room during his visit to the fictional island of San Monique in Live and Let Die, where 007 confronted snakes, a villainous waiter, and a beautiful double agent as well as spending the night with Rosie Carver. Cottage 10 remains at the Founders Cove section of Half Moon and can be reserved by guests.

The Jamaican Safari Village near Falmouth is where the scene where several bad guys are dispatched in a pool full of alligators (the attraction is now known as the J. Charles Swabys Black River Safari). And the grounds of the Rose Hall Great House also featured in several scenes in the movie, including a memorable chase through poppy fields.

James Bond will return to Jamaica in 2020s No Time to Die, which was partially filmed in Port Antonio, where the storyline has Bond (Daniel Craig) retiring after years of hard service in the British intelligence agency MI6. Theres also some speculation that the film may include the reincarnation of Dr. No, complete with his Jamaican hideout at Crab Cay.

The Bahamas: Nassau and several other Bahamas locations also have made repeat appearances in James Bond films over the years, and original James Bond actor Sean Connery is a longtime resident of Lyford Cay, a gated community on the western tip of New Providence Island, where Nassau is located.

As Bond, Connery visited the British Colonial Hilton in downtown Nassau in not one but two films: Thunderball and the off-brand Never Say Never Again. The unmissable yellow-walled beachfront hotel retains much of the colonial charm evident in the movie.(Some underwater scenes in Thunderball were also filmed in Exuma at the now-famous Thunderball Grotto.

Other instantly recognizable Nassau locations are all over Thunderball, which includes a Junkanoo parade on Bay Street. The original Cafe Martinique where Bond meets baddie Largo and Bond Girl Domino is long gone, but you can visit a reproduction in the Marina Village at the Atlantis resort on Paradise Island. Nassau also makes an appearance in The Spy Who Loved Me the dramatic final showdown was shot at Coral Harbor. Oddly, however, scenes in License to Kill that were supposedly set in Bimini were in fact shot in Key West.

Daniel Craigs James Bond spends a lot of time on Paradise Island in 2006s Casino Royale, which features scenes shot in the lobby of the then-One&Only Ocean Club (now the Four Seasons Ocean Club) as well as one of the resorts beach villas (#108), where Bond seduces Solange, the girlfriend of movie villain Dimitrios. The poker game in the movie was filmed in the resorts library. The neighboring Atlantis resort and the Nassau airport also appear in the film.

The Bahamas also served as a shooting location for the Roger Moore 007 film For Your Eyes Only (the memorable underwater speargun fight) and for The World is Not Enough (the underwater submarine scenes), which starred Pierce Brosnan.

And theres even a rum distillery. Sort of. The opening scene of Casino Royale is set in Madagascar but actually filmed in The Bahamas, with the Nambutu Embassy scenes filmed at what is now the John Watlings Distillery.

Puerto Rico: Pierce Brosnans Bond also pays a visit to Cuba in GoldenEye, where he fights an epic battle with a renegade double O agent played by Sean Bean (later Ned Stark in Game of Thrones), but its actually all filmed in Puerto Rico, in the massive radio telescope bowl at the Arecibo Observatory.

Haiti: Quantum of Solace, the 2008 Bond film starring Daniel Craig, includes a key sequence set in Haiti. However, it actually was filmed in Panama City.

Cuba: The 2002 Pierce Bronan Bond film Die Another Day also includes scenes set in Havana, Cuba, but filmed in Spain.

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On the Trail of James Bond in the Caribbean, From Jamaica to Nassau - Caribbean Journal

Caribbean Map / Map of the Caribbean – Maps and Information …

The Caribbean, long referred to as theWest Indies, includes more than 7,000 islands; of those, 13 are independent island countries (shown in red on the map), and some are dependencies or overseas territories of other nations.

In addition, that large number includes islets (very small rocky islands); cay's (small, low islands composed largely of coral or sand) and a few inhabited reefs: See Belize.

In geographical terms the Caribbean area includes the Caribbean Sea and all of the islands located to the southeast of the Gulf of Mexico, east of Central America and Mexico, and to the north of South America. Some of its counted cay's, islands, islets and inhabited reefs front the handful of countries that border the region.

TheBahamas and Turks and Caicos are not considered a part of the Caribbean, however, we show them here because of their cultural, geographical and political associations with the Greater Antilles and other Caribbean Islands.

At the beginning of the 15th century the population of the Caribbean was estimated to be nearly 900,000 indigenous people immediately before European contact.

Then in 1492, Christopher Columbus, the Italian explorer began his exploration of the Caribbean, becoming the firstEuropean to venture into the area.

After reportedly landing in the eastern Bahamas, Columbus named these islands theIndies, because he thought he had finally reached Asia (and the East Indies).

Numerous explorers followed in his path, then tens of thousands of settlers arrived from the Americas, China, European countries and India. Included in that mix were religious outcasts and a small army of pirates.

Across the Caribbean, slaves fromAfrica were imported in great numbers to work the sugar and tobacco plantations.

By then the indigenous populations of the islands were in severe decline as exposure to disease and brutal genocide wiped out much of their number.

Great military powers continually fought for control of the islands, and finally, a blended mix of African andEuropean cultures and languages transformed this large group of islands and its peoples into one of the premier tourist destinations on the planet.

Long called theWest Indies, the overall area is now commonly referred to as the Caribbean, a name that became popular after World War II.

Over the last few decades legions of travelers have journeyed to the Caribbean to enjoy the amenities. They frequently arrive in cruise ships that sail in and out, from ports in Florida and Puerto Rico.

Overall the Caribbean is a magical place of palm trees, white sand beaches, turquoise waters and sunshine, all blessed with a climate that consistently offers a much-needed break for those stuck in the cold weather doldrums of the north.

If you haven't been, you should, and if you've been here more than once, you will come again, as these islands, these beach-ringed, jungle-covered rocks are home to thousands of historical surprises and activities galore.

So come wiggle you toes in the sand, and eat and sleep under the stars in the Caribbean.You won't be disappointed.

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Caribbean Map / Map of the Caribbean - Maps and Information ...

Caribbean Must Prepare Against Food Shortages because of COVID-19 – caribbeannationalweekly.com

KINGSTON, Jamaica The Director-General of the Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA), Manuel Otero, says the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic provides a situation for the Caribbean to develop food security strategies and greater efforts to increase self-sufficiency.

Approximately 20 countries in the hemisphere are net importers of food. Each year the Caribbean region alone draws a cheque for six billion US dollars to feed 44.5 million people, Otero said, adding, we must again reassess the role of family farmers, who, ironically, although pivotal in ensuring food self-sufficiency, are the adjustment variable in times of economic uncertainty.

These farmers supply close to 60 per cent of the food demand in the hemisphere. This situation requires us to focus on policies that benefit these producers, emphasizing areas such as associativity, extension services, access to technology and agricultural insurance.

But he warned that the new generation of pests, and diseases affecting men and women, crops and animals, such as Fusarium on bananas, locusts, and African Swine Fever, create the need for sophisticated surveillance and agricultural quarantine services, as a means of reinforcing the importance of health intelligence and prospective monitoring.

Otera said that the world is witnessing the spread of a new pandemic and less than four months since it first erupted, this emergency is rocking the world, and we are not yet able to foresee what life will be like in a few months, when this dramatic event is finally over.

But he said amidst the confusion, fear and disorientation, we can draw some conclusions and identify preliminary lessons.

The first is obvious. This situation is having a greater impact on economies that are excessively dependent on one sector, such as tourism, petroleum or agricultural raw materials. The structural, long-term antidote to this is diversification.

Otero said that the slowing down of trade is also endangering peoples ability to fully exercise their right to food, especially in countries with an extremely high agricultural trade deficit.

In some cases, it seems that there may be insufficient labour to transport goods, especially over long distances, although, this is not affecting the food supply at the moment.

Otero said that the regional countries will have to strengthen national and regional innovation and development systems before the developed countries leave them behind completely.

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Caribbean Must Prepare Against Food Shortages because of COVID-19 - caribbeannationalweekly.com

Coronavirus Threatens Tourism Industry In The Caribbean – International Business Times


Travel bans and cancelled airplane flights are damaging the all-important tourism industry across much of the Caribbean.

While Jamaica, the Bahamas and Guyana have postponed their annual carnival celebrations, Puerto Rico, Guadeloupe and Anguilla remained closed to visitors.

Jamaicas tourism minister, Edmund Bartlett, went so far as to claim the tourism industry was facing imminent closure.

[Travel warnings will] be the deciding factor in hotels, attractions and other tourism entities remaining open or closed, Bartlett said after the U.S. issued an advisory against travelling abroad. Survival is the key right now.

Hotels across Jamaica have closed, throwing thousands out of work.

The Spanish hotel chain RIU, which owns several hotels in Jamaica, said: We are facing an unprecedented situation that requires us to take exceptional measures.

Bartlett hopes these closures will only be temporary.

In fact the entire world is following that position [closing markets for travel]. It is proven that the optimal way to deal with the virus now is to prevent the movement of [people] from one location to the other, Bartlett said.

World Travel and Tourism Council reported that travel and tourism either directly or indirectly represented 34% of Jamaica's 2018 GDP, 31% of employment and nearly 60% of total exports.

Tourism activity in Jamaica jumped to 4.2 million arrivals in 2019 from 2.8 million in 2010, partly buoyed by investments in facilities and domestic infrastructures like highways.

The United States accounted for 66% of total arrivals in 2018, followed by Canada at 16% and the U.K. at 9%.

After Canada advised its people against overseas travel, the senior strategist in Jamaicas tourism ministry Delano Seiveright said: Canada is our second largest market for stopover arrivals, representing roughly 15% of the business. It's a huge blow but expected given current trends globally which lean towards restriction of nonessential travel.

The Chairman of the Montego Bay Chapter of the Jamaica Hotel and Tourist Association Robin Russell said members of his association have reported waves of cancellations and postponements.

Right now we have a few bookings but most of our forward bookings are not materializing and also they are being cancelled. People are calling and cancelling their reservations right across the membership, said Russell, who also manages Deja Resorts in Montego Bay.

Russell thinks layoffs are inevitable.

I know that there is at least one property in Negril that is already closed. I can [understand] if there is no business, that properties will either have to close or scale down, he said. A lot of the larger properties and these tour operators have closed down their operations temporarily [in] Jamaica. The small properties also depend on these tour operators and closing down their operation simply means there is no business. When airlines have cancelled up to 80% of their international flights the destinations are going to be affected.

John Byles, executive director of Chukka Adventures, said: The cruise lines have stopped operations for 30 days; [there are also] travel restrictions worldwide and some [are] our international partners. It's a major shock. We are in the midst of the shock right now, it's going to be [this way] for a period of time.

Thus far, Jamaica has confirmed 19 cases of the virus and no deaths and imposed air and sea travel restrictions.

This is a difficult time; we all understand what is happening in the global space and that tourism is the first casualty because of how vulnerable we are to travel. However, the government is taking steps to ensure that there is a cash grant to each person who has lost his or her job as a result of COVID-19, Bartlett said. The resilience of tourism makes it able to recover very quickly and grow and do much better than other industries.

Moody's, the U.S. credit rating agency, offered some hope by citing that Jamaica's large primary surplus and sufficient international reserves will allow the government to alleviate losses suffered by its tourist industry.

While we expect growth to slow from declining tourist arrivals, the effect on Jamaica's external accounts will be partially offset by the high import content of tourism earnings, which will reduce the country's import bill. Moreover, lower oil prices will also have a positive effect on Jamaica's current account, Moody's said. We believe that the country has sufficient fiscal and external buffers to cope with a shock in the tourism industry, limiting the immediate credit negative effect.

Tourism accounts for more than 15% of the Caribbeans annual gross domestic product. The sector was already reeling from hurricane damage even before the emergence of the coronavirus.

An overall contraction in domestic short-term economic growth is inevitable, said the Bahamas deputy prime minister, Peter Turnquest.

Cuba has essentially shut down its tourism sector for one month by banning most air travel arrivals to the island for at least 30 days.

Miguel Daz-Canel, the president of Cuba, encouraged the 60,000 tourists currently in the country to leave the country immediately.

Cuban Prime Minister Manuel Marrero said most government-run hotels will close by next week and that hotel workers who lose their jobs will be transferred to other state-owned enterprises.

Cubs has confirmed 21 cases of the virus one of them, an Italian tourist, has died.

Cuba received about 4 million tourists last year, a drop from 4.7 million the prior year.

The Dominican Republics tourism sector will suffer an intense fall due the coronavirus pandemic, warned, Frank Rainieri, president of Puntacana Group, a resort and residential community.

Rainieri said both the country and tourist industry will suffer the consequences of an intense drop in tourist activity which will bring about a difficult situation for all.

In 2019, the Dominican Republic generated income of $11 billion from tourism, supporting more than 300,000 jobs.

Three of the biggest sources of tourism, Spain, Italy and the U.S. have imposed travel bans and facing their own health emergencies.

We have a weakness, this [virus] is a disease that has not been generated [within]the country that until now has not spread, but we have an enormous risk, because this country, its main economic activity is tourism, said the Administrative Minister of the Presidency, Jos Ramn Peralta

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Coronavirus Threatens Tourism Industry In The Caribbean - International Business Times

COVID-19 Pandemic and Latin America and the Caribbean: Time for Strong Policy Actions – International Monetary Fund

This blog is the first in a series providing regional analysis on the effects of the coronavirus.

By Alejandro Werner

, , Espaol, Franais, , Portugus,

COVID-19 is spreading very quickly. This is no longer a regional issueit is a challenge calling for a global response. Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have been hit later than other regions from the pandemic and therefore have a chance to flatten the curve of contagion.

Efforts on multiple fronts to achieve this goal are underway. In addition to strengthening health policy responses, many countries in the region are taking measures of containment, including border closures, school closings, and other social distancing measures.

For the region, a 2020 with negative growth is not an unlikely scenario.

These measures, together with the world economic slowdown and disruption in supply chains, the decline in commodity prices, the contraction in tourism, and the sharp tightening of global financial conditions are bringing activity to a halt in many Latin American countriesseverely damaging economic prospects. For the region, the recovery we were expecting a few months ago will not happen and a 2020 with negative growth is not an unlikely scenario.

Deep impact

The resulting increase in borrowing costs will expose financial vulnerabilities that have accumulated over years of low interest rates. While the sharp fall in the oil price is expected to benefit the oil importing countries in the region, it will dampen investment and economic activity in countries that are heavily dependent on oil exports.

In the event of a local outbreak, service sector activity will likely be hit the hardest as a result of containment efforts and social distancing, with sectors such as tourism and hospitality, and transportation particularly affected.

Moreover, countries with weak public health infrastructures and limited fiscal space to ramp up public health services and support affected sectors and households would come under significant pressure.

The economic impact of the pandemic is likely to vary due to regional and country-specific characteristics.

South America will face lower export revenues, both from the drop in commodity prices and reduction in export volumes, especially to China, Europe and the United States which are important trade partners. The sharp decline in oil prices will hit the oil exporters especially. The tightening of financial conditions will affect negatively the large and financially integrated economies and those with underlying vulnerabilities. Containment measures in several countries will reduce economic activity in service and manufacturing sectors for at least the next quarter, with a rebound once the epidemic is contained.

In Central America and Mexico, a slowdown in the United States will lead to a reduction in trade, foreign direct investment, tourism flows, and remittances. Key agricultural exports (coffee, sugar, banana) as well as trade flows through the Panama Canal could also be adversely affected by lower global demand. Local outbreaks will strain economic activity in the next quarter and aggravate already uncertain business conditions (especially in Mexico).

In the Caribbean, lower tourism demand due to travel restrictions and the fear factoreven after the outbreak recedeswill weigh heavily on economic activity. Commodity exporters will also be strongly impacted and a reduction in remittances is likely to add to the economic strain.

Policy priorities

The top priority is ensuring that front-line health-related spending is available to protect peoples wellbeing, take care of the sick, and slow the spread of the virus. In countries where there are limitations in health care systems, the international community must step in to help them avert a humanitarian crisis.

In addition, targeted fiscal, monetary, and financial market measures will be key to mitigate the economic impact of the virus. Governments should use cash transfers, wage subsidies and tax relief to help affected households and businesses to confront this temporary and sudden stop in production.

Central banks should increase monitoring, develop contingency plans, and be ready to provide ample liquidity to financial institutions, particularly those lending to small and medium sized enterprises, which may be less prepared to withstand prolonged disruptions. Temporary regulatory forbearance may also be appropriate in some cases.

Where policy space exists, broader monetary and fiscal stimulus can lift confidence and aggregate demand but would most likely be more effective when business operations begin to normalize. Given the extensive cross-border economic linkages, the argument for a coordinated, global response to the epidemic is clear.

Countries are starting to take policy initiatives in this direction. For example, additional funds are being secured for health spending in many countries including Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Peru. Moreover, Brazil announced an emergency economic package on March 17 that is targeted for supporting the socially vulnerable, maintenance of employment, and combatting the pandemic.

For our part, the IMF stands ready to help mitigate the economic fallout from the coronavirus and we have several facilities and instruments at our disposal.

In closing, I would like to iterate the importance of decisive actions by all of us to limit the economic fallout from the coronavirus and avert a humanitarian crisis. The Fund stands ready to assist and work with member countries in these difficult times.

The IMF and Covid-19

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COVID-19 Pandemic and Latin America and the Caribbean: Time for Strong Policy Actions - International Monetary Fund

COVID-19 Watch: Caribbean islands surge past 750 confirmed cases of coronavirus – Antigua Observer

(Buzz Caribbean) Cases of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) continue to climb in the Caribbean, fuelling fears of an impending widespread outbreak across the region.

As at 1:11 pm Greenwich Meridian Time (GMT) on Wednesday, March 25, an alarming 775 cases have been confirmed by respective health officials in 29 countries and territories across the Caribbean. To date, only St Kitts and Nevis, and the British Virgin Islands are yet to be affected by the pandemic.

Across 9 countries, there are a total of 15 coronavirus-related deaths. An additional 13 cases have closed as patients recovered from the illness in the Dominican Republic (three), Cuba (one), French Guiana (six), Aruba (one) and Jamaica (two).

Dominican Republic: 67 new cases; 312 confirmed. Six patients have died.

Guadeloupe: 11 new cases; 73 confirmed. One patient has died.

Trinidad and Tobago: Five new cases; 57 confirmed.

Martinique: Four new cases; 57 confirmed. One patient has died.

Puerto Rico: 12 new cases: 51 confirmed. Two patients have died.

Cuba: Eight new cases; 48 confirmed. One patient has died.

French Guiana: Four new cases; 27 confirmed.

Jamaica: Four new cases; 25 confirmed. One patient has died.

Barbados: One new case; 18 confirmed.

Aruba: Five new cases; 17 confirmed.

US Virgin Islands: No new cases; 17 confirmed.

St Martin: No new cases; eight confirmed.

Dominica: Five new cases; seven confirmed.

Haiti: One new case; seven confirmed.

Suriname: One new case; seven confirmed.

Curaao: Two new cases; six confirmed. One patient has died.

Cayman Islands: One new case; six confirmed. One patient has died.

Bermuda: No new cases; six confirmed.

The Bahamas: One new case; five confirmed.

Guyana: No new cases; five confirmed. One patient has died.

Antigua and Barbuda: No new cases; three confirmed.

St Lucia: No new cases; three confirmed.

Saint-Barthlemy: No new cases; three confirmed.

Sint Maarten: No new cases; two confirmed.

Grenada: No new cases; one confirmed.

St Vincent and the Grenadines: No new cases; one confirmed.

Monserrat: No new cases; one confirmed.

Turks and Caicos Islands: No new cases; one confirmed.

Belize: No new cases; one confirmed.


COVID-19 Watch: Caribbean islands surge past 750 confirmed cases of coronavirus - Antigua Observer

10 Movies To Watch If You Love Pirates Of The Caribbean – Screen Rant

There was a time when the Pirates of the Caribbean films ruled the box office, and it was a given that a new entry would go on to become a blockbuster. These films were preceded and followed by a number of similar features as well, though, and if youre jonesing for a lot of adventurous fun, then this list is for you.

RELATED:Pirates Of The Caribbean: 10 Ways Real Life Pirate History Influenced The Franchise

Weve taken into account the blend of comedy, action, among many other things that can be found in the Pirates of the Carribeanseries to bring you the collection of these films. The backdrops may vary for these movies, but the entertainment value is definitely to be found here.

A gallant boy is adopted by a king for his bravery, becoming a prince of Persia. As a man, he is framed for the death of his father by his evil uncle and hunted for this crime. Realizing he can use an enchanted dagger to turn back time, the prince goes on a quest to set the timeline right.

Considered as one of the best video game-based movies, Prince of Persia has a fun feel to it right from the start, as the story shifts from one location to another with the prince picking up new friends along the way.

In the Old West, a mismatched duo are tasked by the president to rescue kidnapped scientists by a man who has sinister intentions to use a weapon like none other. Unfortunately, their constant bickering makes things harder than predicted.

While its known today to be the film that Will Smith chose over starring in The Matrix, Wild Wild West is actually a pretty fun film. The chemistry between the lead pair is hilarious, and watching them trip and stumble toward becoming heroes is silly fun.

In the early adventures of Han Solo, the smugglers background is explored as we see how he rose up the ranks to meeting his trusted friends and establishing his name across the galaxy. We find more than a few surprises in this origin story.

Having a central comedic theme is something Star Wars didnt attempt before Solo, and it made for a worthy attempt as the film has a charming cast who make Hans see-saw journey worth a ride. Its links to the main series also serve up plenty of Easter eggs.

After giving up his memories of Neverland and his time as the leader of the Lost Boys, the adult Peter is swooped back into his former life when Captain Hook resurfaces. Faced with finding the inner child in himself again, Peter reunites with his old friends for a final adventure.

RELATED:Pirates Of The Caribbean: 5 Reasons The Franchise Deserves Another Chance (& 5 Why Disney Should Let It Die)

In one of Robin Williams more beloved films, regardless of critical opinion,Hook serves up both nostalgic value and a bag of laughs. Its a well-meaning film whose adventurous spirit transcends its relatively simple premise.

Thousands of years in the past, the mercenary Mathayus undergoes a perilous journey to bring down a brutal ruler and avenge the death of his brother. As he completes his mission, he sets in motion the events that lead to him becoming the Scorpion King.

The first leading role for The Rock in Hollywood, this film captured the spirit of the fantasy-adventure genre, being an entertaining romp through dangerous obstacles. Bringing his trademark comedic talents to the forefront, The Rock shows us why hes such a draw for audiences by excelling in all departments.

A vigilante dons the identity of Zorro, a moniker passed down to him by the original in order to gain revenge on the evil governor responsible for the death of his father. As he goes through with his plans, he learns the meaning of what makes one a hero.

Before superhero movies and TV series were all the rage, The Mask of Zorro gave audiences a taste of swashbuckling entertainment. Its character development is a thing of its own, supplemented well by the many action-packed moments that have a genuine feel to them.

A boy is told an extraordinary tale of love, friendship, and adventure by his grandfather. This story sees a common man go up against an evil prince to save the one he loves, complete with fantastical elements and new comrades.

Considered a classic in cinema, The Princess Bride is a film where you cannot go wrong, as it features characters of all kinds with their own blend of comedic wit. The style of the movie is one that accommodates older and younger viewers, and its whimsical nature makes it an evergreen watch.

After his father is killed by his evil uncle, Arthur goes on a journey to reclaim his right as king, starting with becoming the master of the fabled sword Excalibur. With his uncle having powers of his own, Arthur prepares to fight for his legacy.

RELATED:Pirates Of The Caribbean: 5 Ways The Franchise Aged Perfectly (& 5 Ways It Did Not)

Its a shame this film slipped under the radar, as it was planned to be the first in a six-film series around King Arthur. Unlike the dire theme the trailers made it out to have, the movie actually is pretty breezy fun featuring a tried-and-tested format that viewers enjoy.

An adolescent with a thirst for adventure is taken aboard a massive literal ship in space, he finds himself joining the alien crew venturing across galaxies seeking danger. However, the long-sought Treasure Planet brings with it peril and betrayal in the journey.

A film that takes its adventurous tone and runs with it, Treasure Planet is the unorthodox film you want since the genre usually has a set format, something that is averted here. With dazzling visuals and a futuristic twist in the pirate genre, youll find this to be an underrated gem.

Siblings Evie and Jonathan enlist the help of adventurer Rick OConnell, in order to uncover the City of the Dead. Unfortunately, they end up accidentally releasing a horrifying Mummy who brings in a cursed plague. Faced with no choice, the heroes step forward to stop this evil creature from taking over the world.

A lot of the success of the adventure genre belongs to The Mummy, which revived interest in the industry for these films. The film combines comedy with action, and even horror, in a way that makes for a delightful feature that has incredible replay value and loads of nostalgia factor.

NEXT:Pirates Of The Caribbean Franchise: 5 Reasons Why It Is Still Great (& 5 Reasons Why It Is Outdated)

Next10 Best Val Kilmer Movies Ever, Ranked (According To IMDb)

Saim Cheeda is an entertainment writer covering all of Film, TV, Gaming and Books. He's been a writer for Valnet since 2017, contributing 500+ articles for The Gamer, The Things, Game Rant, Comic Book Resources and Screen Rant. Apart from freelance writing, Saim is a lifestyle blogger, co-owning the blog 3 States Apart.http://3statesapart.com

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10 Movies To Watch If You Love Pirates Of The Caribbean - Screen Rant

Reinvigorating Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean: Can deep trade agreements help? – International Banker

By Martn Rama, Chief Economist, Latin America and Caribbean (LAC), The World Bank

This article was originally published in the Winter/February 2020 edition of International Banker

After a period of rapid economic growth associated with high commodity prices, the Latin America and Caribbean region has entered a new phase of lackluster performance. In a recent report, we at the World Bank assessed whether deep South-North trade agreements, such as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and European Union-Mercosur (Mercosur members include Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) deals signed last year, could be a source of new dynamism. The answer is a resounding yes, but the spatial and environmental impacts of the agreements require attention.

During the golden decade of high commodity prices, the growth rate of Latin America and the Caribbean lay somewhere in between that of advanced economies and the more vigorous results of other emerging markets, especially in Asia. Not anymore: for the last three years, the gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate of the region has been around two percentage points lower than that of the much richer advanced economies, in a clear sign of economic divergence. In 2019, it did not even reach 1 percent.

There is variation within the region, but it is not wide enough to modify the big picture. Overall, countries in the Pacific and the Caribbean subregions have done better than those in the Atlantic subregion. This last group of countries comprises Mercosur members, as well as Venezuela, which has experienced a dramatic economic meltdown. A few individual countries continue to do well, but the largest economies in the region have faced recession, macroeconomic turbulence or growth deceleration. And across the region, a wave of social unrest serves as a reminder that local populations expect much more.

It would be tempting to attribute the sluggish growth of the region to a less conducive external environment or to trade-related tensions. But commodity prices have stabilized in recent years, and the terms of trade have slightly improved for the region. Also, trade diversion from the US-China tension might have benefitted some countries in the regionespecially Mexico and Brazil. The slowdown is in large part related to the problems in local economies, not just to the outside world.

A possible contributor to the sluggish economic growth of the Latin America and Caribbean region is its relatively low integration in international trade and global value chains. Exposure to world markets brings in more choices and fosters competition. Selling abroad requires reaching high-quality standards and meeting tight deadlines. And in the process of trading with more advanced economies, much is learned about technical innovations and management practices.

A standard measure of a countrys external openness is the ratio of its international trade to its overall economic activity. In practice, this ratio is often computed by adding up exports and imports of goods and services and then dividing by the countrys GDP. By this measure, the Latin America and Caribbean area has the lowest external openness among all developing regions

The regions inward orientation is in part the result of economic-policy choices. Some of those choices are related to explicit tariff barriers. Other policy choices are related to logistics and trade facilitation, including limited competition in port and transport services, deficient infrastructure and burdensome customs procedures. And then, there are non-tariff barriers, under the form of licensing procedures or sanitary inspections. Some of them are justified for public health and other defensible reasons. Many may reflect disguised protectionism.

Measuring policy choices related to international trade is challenging. Explicit tariffs are easy to quantify for individual products, but converting a slow port or a burdensome customs administration into an equivalent price surcharge may require multiple assumptions. Aggregating tariff and non-tariff barriers across sectors of activity, or for the entire economy, raises an additional methodological complication.

However, regardless of the metric used, the Latin America and Caribbean region is among the most protectionist developing regions (Figure 1). And not surprisingly, barriers to international trade are highest among countries in the stagnating Atlantic subregion.

Figure 1. The Latin America and Caribbean area has among the highest trade barriers of all regions

Such inward orientation may come as a surprise, given the large number of preferential trade agreements signed by countries in the region over the last few decades. Some of the most significant regional initiatives are the Andean Community agreement (1969), the Caribbean Community or CARICOM (1973), the Latin American Integration Association or ALADI (1980), Mercosur (1991), the Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreements or CAFTA-DR (2004) and the Pacific Alliance (2012).

By now, the number of agreements per country is the highest among all developing regions. Given that agreements may involve varying numbers of countries on each side, a defensible way to conduct the comparison is to count the number of bilateral trade agreements signed by each country participating in an agreement. For example, when Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay joined Mercosur, each country signed three agreements, so, in total, 12 (4 times 3) bilateral trade agreements were signed. By this way of counting, countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have signed 441 bilateral trade agreements over the last half-century. So, how come they remain so inward-oriented?

The answer is that most of these agreements are South-South rather than South-North. In fact, until the signing of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) in 1994, with Mexico as one of its members, these agreements were all intra-regional. Only in recent years have South-North agreements become more common, especially among countries in the Caribbean and the Pacific subregions. The latest examples of South-North agreements are the renegotiation of NAFTA as the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and the EU-Mercosur Agreement, both of them signed over the last 12 months.

Figure 2. Most trade agreements in Latin America and the Caribbean are intra-regional

While all preferential trade agreements create export opportunities, some offer much better possibilities because they provide access to bigger and richer markets, and they enable knowledge exchange with more advanced economies once implemented. Thus, the potential for productivity transfers embedded in the exchange of goods and services may vary substantially across trade deals.

To account for market size, each trade agreement can be weighted by the product of the GDP of the two signing parties measured as a share of global GDP. This way of counting obviously increases the importance of those that involve an advanced economy. By this metric, the 110 bilateral trade agreements signed under ALADI become equivalent to the two agreements signed by Mexico under NAFTA.

Further, to account for learning effects, each trade agreement can additionally be weighted by the degree of economic sophistication of the signatories, as measured by their Economic Complexity Index (ECI). The ECI computes the diversity of a countrys exports and their ubiquity, as reflected in the number of countries in the world that produce them. By this more telling metric, it takes the equivalent of two ALADI agreements to reach the same economic potential as NAFTA.

Not surprisingly, it also appears that the share of South-North agreements in the total (weighted) number of trade agreements signed by each country is much higher in the Caribbean and Pacific subregions than on the Atlantic side of the region.

South-North agreements also tend to be deeper than South-South agreements. Many of them reach beyond tariff reductions to cover through legally enforceable provisions new policy areas such as customs procedures, cross-border investments, competition policies, public procurement, state-owned enterprises and intellectual-property rights. By comparison, Mercosur includes very few provisions beyond tariffs, and even those have proved difficult to enforce.

A new analysis was conducted by my team to assess the growth impact of trade agreements of different sorts. The analysis builds on data from 60 economies over the last six decades. The results confirm that a positive relationship exists between trade openness and economic growth. They also show that trade openness carries the risk of heightened macroeconomic instability. However, this second regularity hides quite a lot of heterogeneity. When the 60 countries are split based on their ECIs, it appears that in less-complex economies, greater openness is associated with substantially larger volatility, whereas the opposite is true in more complex economies (Figure 3).

Figure 3. Volatility falls with trade openness in more complex economies

These results imply that trade integration may lead to better economic outcomes if it results in an increase in economic complexity. A comparison between NAFTA and Mercosur is telling in this respect. A simple before-versus-after comparison shows that the volume of trade unambiguously increased in both cases. But while Mexicos ECI was boosted by the agreement, there were almost no changes in the ECIs of Mercosur countries, with the possible exception of Paraguay.

A more rigorous econometric analysis based on the panel with 60 countries over six decades confirms that preferential trade agreements lead to greater trade and that the type of agreement matters. A South-North agreement tends to expand the trade volume of a typical developing country by around 12 percent of GDP over time, 5 percentage points more than a South-South agreement. A South-North agreement also increases the ECI of a typical developing country by 25 points, on a normalized scale from 0 to 100. On the flip side, signing a South-South agreement with other developing countries tends to reduce the ECI score of a typical developing country by as much as five points. Considering the ensuing dynamics, a typical developing country would be around 2 percent richer a dozen years after entering into a South-South agreement but 10 percent richer if a South-North agreement had been signed instead.

Based on these findings, USMCA and EU-Mercosur, the two milestone South-North agreements signed in 2019, could reinvigorate countries with economic growth that has once again stalled. But there could be negative impacts on other fronts.

Trading with countries that have substantially different comparative advantages may entail more economic restructuring than trading with similar countries. Deep agreements also bring in changes affecting the entire economy, such as higher labor standards or greater market competition. And by stimulating the development of sectors with higher carbon emissions, or potentially leading to deforestation, these agreements can also have environmental impacts that need to be assessed as well.

A detailed analysis of the expected impacts of the USMCA and the EU-Mercosur deals, conducted by my office, shows that they will not entail major structural transformation. Agriculture and livestock production will expand in Mercosur countries and skill-intensive manufacturing in Mexico. But except for a few activities, changes in output and employment are not expected to be dramatic. Moreover, there will be both expansion and contraction within aggregated sectors, with the effects roughly offsetting each other, so that the overall structure in terms of agriculture, manufacturing and services will remain almost unchanged.

Income distribution should not change much either. Because the agreements do not lead to major structural restructuring, and they are bound to be implemented gradually, no major losses in sectoral employment are expected. Needless to say, by encouraging soy and livestock production, the EU-Mercosur agreement will boost land rent. But skilled workers will also benefit considerably in Mexico as will unskilled workers in Mercosur countries.

At the same time, these two agreements will have consequences requiring attention. The spatial concentration of economic activity implies that some municipalities, departments and districts will strongly benefit, while others will be adversely affected (Map 1). Similarly, substantial growth impacts will lead to greater carbon-dioxide (CO2) emissions, and the expansion of livestock production in Brazil could result in substantial deforestation (Map 2).

Map 1. A potentially greater spatial polarization in Mexico

Map 2. Livestock production will expand mainly in Brazils Serrado region

In sum, at a time when the multilateral avenue to trade integration does not look promising, deep South-North agreements offer a chance for Latin American and Caribbean countries to export to bigger and more sophisticated markets, to integrate themselves into global value chains, and to learn and increase their productivity along the way. But infrastructure, regulatory and administrative bottlenecks need to be removed for this to happen.

At the same time, it would be unwise to downplay the tradeoffs associated with greater trade integration. As with most major reforms, there will likely be winners and losers. Spatial divergence could be amplified, and specific areas could suffer. Meanwhile, carbon-dioxide emissions would increase and the forest-covered surfaces decrease. These downsides call for place-based policies to redress the imbalances and for environmental policies to offset the damage.


The World Bank, Semiannual Report of the Latin America and Caribbean Region, October 2019


Martn Rama is currently the Chief Economist for the Latin America and Caribbean region of The World Bank. From 2013 to 2018, he held the same position for the South Asia region, based in Delhi. Previously he was the Director of the World Development Report 2013 on Jobs. From 2002 to 2010, he was based in Hanoi, where he led the economic program of The World Bank in Vietnam.

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Reinvigorating Economic Growth in Latin America and the Caribbean: Can deep trade agreements help? - International Banker

Around the Caribbean…Around the Caribbean…Around the Caribbean – Jamaica Observer

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