The unexpected hair trend for 2020 every reality star is wearing right now – Who

If youre seeing red scrolling through your Instagram feed lately, youre not alone.

From copper colours and peachy hues to ginger sheens it feels as though many of our favourite celebs and reality stars have changed their look.

WATCH:MAFS' Martha Kalifatidis has a MAJOR hair transformation

What could have initially been passed off as another isolation transformation, or two, is fast becoming a growing hair trend.

Theres more to this hair colour than the isolation boredom fads we've become accustomed to (read: home-cut bangs and pastel wash outs).

Bold enough to make a statement yet natural enough to pass as your everyday colour, its no surprise so many stars are turning heads with a new copper colour.

Whether its a subtle wash to liven up your brunette locks or you go all out with a vivacious hue and highlights, theres a look to suit every style.

Take a peek below at the stars who are making a case for a rusty chic change.



We had serious curl envy when Abbie Chatfield wandered into The Bachelor mansion to meet Matt Agnew.

And now, shes added a killer colour to top it off.

The Bachelor In Paradise star recently swapped her bronde colour for a Ginger Spice look, complete with fringe highlights albeit much more subtle and stylish (sorry Geri!).

I take back every ranga joke I made circa 2009, she wrote when debuting her new look.



If theres one reality stars beauty choices we watch closely, its Marthas.

The Married At First Sight bride always looks glamourous, and luckily for us, is always sharing her tips, tricks and favourite products with her followers.

When she began her transformation from a dark brunette to blonde, we relished the few weeks she spent as a red-head. And, so did she!

I wanted to keep this colour...@_ellewilliamson_said no. What do you think? she asked fans when making the transition.



Fellow MAFS star Lauren Huntriss swapped her blonde bob for a stunning red colour.

Floating between a bright copper colour and a subtle peachy hue, Lauren is a hair colour chameleon we can all take inspiration from.

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The unexpected hair trend for 2020 every reality star is wearing right now - Who

Little Peoples Audrey and Jeremy Roloff head to visit his sister Molly in two-week trailer trip amid family f – The Sun

LITTLE People stars Jeremy and Audrey Roloff may be caught up in a feud with their siblings.

But they are taking time out to plan a road trip to visit Jeremy's sister Molly.


Audrey, 29, revealed they were hitting the road for a two week camping trip and will see Molly and her husband Joel, who live in Spokane, Washington.

The couple - who have two children, Ember and Bode - told fans they were "excited" to see Molly - who also no longer appears on the show.

"Today we are getting ready to leave for a two week camping trip up through Washington, Idaho, and Montana!," Audrey wrote to her fans.

She revealed details of the trip, writing: "We are super excited to visit Jeremys sister Molly and her husband Joel up in Spokane, and then explore some of the epic lakes in Idaho and Montana!"


Molly also left the show when she moved out of state, and left Zach as the only sibling still appearing on it.

Audrey and Jeremy's brother Jacob have been vocal about their differences, with the feud erupting online in June.

Jacob - a self-described agnostic - has clashed with his Christian sister-in-law and older sibling over their conservative views since their marriage in 2014.

Jacob, 23, has vocally supportedliberalpolicies such as the legalization of marijuana, racial injustice and gun control since he was a teenager.




Meanwhile Audrey, 28, has come under fire over the years for various controversial comments, including her past anti-gay remarks in her religious blog post.

During the lastPresidential election, the pair butted heads for their opposing views on who should be commander-in-chief.

TheLPBWalum tweeted in October 2016: What does it mean for Trump to say 'I don't accept the results of this election?' Clinton can just go on being President

And he can go on being a total clown, sputtering out of relevance, and business. Pathetically still upset he lost.

The same day, the red-headed reality star posted several Instagram Stories that celebratedDonald Trump, 74, during the debates.



She posted a clip that heard POTUS say: We cannot take four more years of Barack Obama, and thats what you get if you vote for Hillary Clinton.Right after, a female voice - seemingly Audrey - cheered and yelled that was good!

After a year of tensity, Jacob unfollowed the mom-of-two on Instagram for the first time in December 2017,RadarOnlinereported.

At the time, he still followed Audreys husband, Jeremy, and his other older siblings, Zach and Molly - who he remains close with to this day.

One month later, their feud reached new heights when The Marriage Journal author appeared to slam Jacobs engagement to hisIsabel Rock.



The ex TLC star was thrilled to reveal he popped-the-question to his now-wife in Iceland on Christmas Day 2017.

While Amy and Matt Roloffs youngest son was congratulated by most family members, Audrey took to her blog soon after and wrote a critical message that seemed to be aimed at the couple.

She fired off in January 2018: Some words on dating from a Christian perspective

Lets just say you recently hurried into a relationship, dabbled with sexual intimacy, and then became emotionally attached.

The scathing post continued: As time passes, your friends and family may raise concerns about the person youre dating.

But you wont be able to rationalize with them because all you will see is perfection. This is a titanic problem, she blasted.

In March 2018, it was revealed that Jeremy, 30, and his wife would write a tell-all book together just after Jacobs own novel, Out To See, was released.

Tension between Jacob and Jeremy along with his wife seemed to have improved later that year however, their feud was reignited once again in January 2019.


A source toldRadarOnlinethat Jacob was yet again attempting to distance himself from the pair.

People already know that he doesnt really get along with Audrey.

"He thinks shes too judgmental, and Im guessing he just didnt want to see her on his brothers account anymore, the insider said.

In the time since, it appears Jacob re-followed his sister-in-law but earlier this month, heunfollowed her againafter he slammed herBlack Lives Matterpost.



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Responding to the ongoing protests due toGeorge Floyds death in May, Audrey reposted her brother's video about unity to her Instagram Stories.

Jacob - who has attended multiple protests with his wife - called thevideo "police propagandaand emphasized it was not activism.

The following day, Audrey posted that she was weathering a shame storm.

Jacob appeared to have once again slammed his brother and sister-in-laws apparentsupport for Trumpthis month.

On June 1, he tweeted: I, too, am embarrassed to be related to Trump voters.

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Little Peoples Audrey and Jeremy Roloff head to visit his sister Molly in two-week trailer trip amid family f - The Sun

Some red flags related to people’s experiences working in institutions that suffer from toxic whiteness (opinion) – Inside Higher Ed

Disclaimer: The list in this essay comes from a collective collaboration of Black Indigenous people of color (BIPOC) and other marginalized administrators and faculty members who wish to remain anonymous. As colleges and universities undergo restructuring due to COVID-19 and make new commitments to address systemic failings as invoked by the recent public murder of George Floyd, new spaces for revisioning real structural changes have materialized. Such attempts to address structural changes are a reminder that we continue to live in a culture where racial and gendered disparity and violence are pervasive, persistent, insidious and deep-seated.

Diversity workers, according to Sara Ahmed, are institutional mechanics, and like mechanics, they complain about various malfunctions that obstruct their work. In other words, filing complaints is a form of diversity work, according to Ahmed.

Unfortunately, when institutions target their own diversity workers for complaining that those institutions are failing to uphold their mission of enforcing best practices in diversity, equity, inclusion and social justice initiatives, we begin to lose our best and most idealistic professionals. Such targeting of diversity workers also creates purposefully hostile work environments.

Institutions continue to have various administrators and faculty members, predominantly white, whose primary function is to do damage control. Rather than developing a new culture of equity and justice that could move toward the creation of just colleges and universities, they actively participate in active and covert efforts to block such initiatives so as to protect white supremacist structures.

Additionally, human resource departments that should be protecting the most vulnerable and marginalized staff and faculty members (who are instrumental in systemic change) end up protecting the status quo of the most toxic individuals at many institutions.

While equity work requires constant disruptions, the disrupters are often punished. Disrupters are often courageous whistle-blowers, yet institutions are notorious for not protecting the inconvenient truths that whistle-blowers reveal. As you read these lists, you may hear your own experience in them, or you may start to wonder if that colleague who was deemed to be a problem and then left or dismissed was actually a whistle-blower who was summarily fired and slapped with a nondisclosure agreement to continue a culture of silencing.

Cornel West says, Justice is what love looks like in public. As you engage in these calls for justice and systemic change, we offer two sets of red flags to review regarding toxic environments in academe and encourage you to think whether your workplace would pass Wests litmus test.

We also encourage you to think about how you can use your platform and position of power to effect change instead of being a passive bystander next to someone who has been transitioned out for allying with BIPOC and GLBTQI students and faculty. As campuses rush to open in the fall while the threats of the pandemic still loom above our heads, we want you to think how you can advocate for administrators, faculty members and students using an equity lens to protect those who have much less power than you do.

Red Flags: Toxic Administrative Work Environments

The first set of red flags includes the following.

If reading this list made you uncomfortable, we suggest that you examine your complicity in creating toxic work environments. Racial literacy cannot be accomplished by reading the latest books. We recommend that you engage in active dialogue by discussing, questioning and interrogating your own racialized desire to maintain the race, gender and class caste system at work. Please make your actions match the Black Lives Matter sign on your car (and the BLM message youve been meaning to send out to the campus). Trust that your paycheck will continue to come and your whiteness will not be automatically undone. In the meantime, please pick up a new tool, because the masters house is coming down whether you and higher ed are ready for the collapse or not.

In a follow-up essay, we will discuss the second list of red flags, which is related to toxic faculty-related work environments.

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Some red flags related to people's experiences working in institutions that suffer from toxic whiteness (opinion) - Inside Higher Ed

Gas sensor technology heads to Mars on board NASA’s Perseverance rover – Envirotec

The Perseverance rover vehicle will take about 7 months to travel to the red planet.

An international collaboration is taking technology from gas measurement expert Vaisala and the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) to Mars onboard NASAs Mars 2020 Perseverance rover. The rover was launched on 30 July 2020. Vaisalas sensor technology combined with FMIs measurement instrumentation are being used to obtain pressure and humidity data from the surface of the red planet.

The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) is among the scientific partners providing measurement equipment for the new Perseverance rover, expected to land on Mars in February 2021. The pressure and humidity measurement devices developed by the FMI are based on Vaisalas sensor technology and are similar but more advanced than the ones sent to Mars on the first Curiosity rover in 2012.

While working on Mars, the Curiosity and Perseverance roverswillform a small-scale observation network. The network is onlythefirst step, anticipating a much more extensive observation network to be situated on Mars in the future.

Gathering knowledge about the Martian atmosphereThe Mars 2020 mission is part of NASAs Mars Exploration Program. In order to obtain data from the surface of the Red Planet, NASA selected trusted partners to provide measurement instruments for installation on the Mars rover. A Spanish-led European consortium is providing the rover with the Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA), a set of sensors that provide measurements of temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity, and the amount and size of dust particles.

As part of the consortium, FMI is delivering instrumentation to MEDA for humidity and pressure measurements based on Vaisalas sensors.

Mars, as well as Venus, the other sister planet of Earth, is a particularly important area of atmospheric investigations due to its similarities to Earth. Studying Mars helps us also better understand the behavior of Earths atmosphere, commented Maria Genzer, Head of the Planetary Research and Space Technology group at FMI.

The harsh conditions of Mars present a requirement for the most reliable sensor technology capable of providing accurate data and without the possibility of maintenance or repair.

We are honored that Vaisalas core sensor technologies have been selected to provide accurate and reliable measurement data on Mars. In line with our mission to enable observations for a better world, we are excited to be part of this collaboration. Hopefully the measurement technology will provide tools for finding answers to the most pressing challenges of our time, such as climate change, said Liisa strm, Vice President, Products and Systems of Vaisala.

Same technology, different planetIn theextreme conditions of the Martian atmosphere, NASA will be able to obtainaccurate readings of pressure and humidity levels with VaisalasHUMICAP and BAROCAP sensors.The sensors long-term stability and accuracy, as well as their ability to tolerate dust, chemicals, and harsh environmental conditions, make them suitable for very demanding measurement situations, including in space. The same technology is used in industrial and environmental applications such as weather stations, radiosondes, greenhouses and data centres.

The humidity measurement device MEDA HS, developed by FMI for Perseverance, utilizes standard Vaisala HUMICAP humidity sensors. HUMICAP is a capacitive thin-film polymer sensor consisting of a substrate on which a thin film of polymer is deposited between two conductive electrodes. The humidity sensor onboard is a new generation sensor, with superior performance optimised for the low pressure conditions expected on the red planet.

In addition to humidity measurements, FMI has developed a device for pressure measurement, MEDA PS, which uses customized Vaisala BAROCAP pressure sensors, optimized to operate in the Martian climate. BAROCAP is a silicon-based micromechanical pressure sensor that offers reliable performance in a wide variety of applications, from meteorology to pressure sensitive industrial equipment in semiconductor industry and laboratory pressure standard measurements. Combining two powerful technologies single-crystal silicon material and capacitive measurement BAROCAP sensors feature low hysteresis combined with excellent accuracy and long-term stability, both essential for measurements in space.

Our sensor technologies are used widely in demanding everyday measurement environments here on Earth. And why not if they work on Mars, they will work anywhere, strm concluded.

You can follow live updates on NASAs Mars 2020 Perseverance rover mission at space.com.

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Gas sensor technology heads to Mars on board NASA's Perseverance rover - Envirotec

New Yorks Greenmarkets Boast Stone Fruit, Lettuce, and Cherries This Week – Eater NY

Good news from the Union Square Greenmarket: When I arrived around 10 a.m. this past Saturday, there was no line to get in, whereas a couple months ago the wait at the three entrance portals was 15 to 20 minutes. In the hot sun, that can be unpleasant. Part of the reason for the lack of delay is that the market has expanded onto the cobbled street called Union Square West. There are now multiple means of entrance to the Greenmarket, making it easier to get in while preserving social distancing. And everyone I saw was wearing a mask unless they were eating something.

On that new cobbled extension of the Greenmarket, find S&SO Produce Farms from Goshen, New York. Its lengthy counter held more forms of lettuce than Ive ever seen at a single market stall, including red Boston, green Boston, frisee, red salad bowl, green salad bowl, green leaf, red leaf, lola rosa, romaine, red romaine, and summer crisp (a cross between iceberg and green leaf), in addition to radicchio, escarole, and treviso. Gosh, what a salad you can make.

When selecting lettuce, one is better off picking smaller, younger heads due to the tenderness of the leaves. Since lettuce is often sold per head, rather than by weight, its tempting to pick the largest head for the purpose of economy. If going that route, the inner leaves can be used raw, and the tougher outer leaves briefly poached and used in a salad or cooked vegetable melange.

This week, stone fruits are at the height of their availability. Freestone peaches, as well as doughnut peaches, are available at multiple stalls, with apricots near the end of their season. Plums are at their peak, and I counted several varieties, including red plums, shiro plums, sugar plums (a relatively modern variety named to take advantage of a Christmas poem), and plumcots, a dark-colored apricot-plum hybrid.

By the way, stone fruits are often hard when bought, and need to ripen a day or two before consumption. If you want to use them right away, the hard fruit does very well cut into small pieces and used in a salad.

Tomatoes have descended somewhat in price, and nearly all that youll encounter are field tomatoes rather than greenhouse grown. Dont miss the so-called Jersey tomatoes, big, bright red specimens that are as at home in a Caprese salad as in gazpacho. These are going for a standard price of $3 per pound, while heirloom varieties of which I saw a dozen or so, varying in color from purple to yellow to streaky green are available at a typical price of $5 per pound. Remember to use the heirlooms the evening they are bought, since they are way more perishable than Jersey tomatoes.

Corn is just arriving in area farmers markets. There are three common varieties: white, bicolor, and yellow, of which the white appears first. All the corn Ive seen so far is white, with small kernels and more sweetness than the same variety last year. It is currently a bit expensive at 80 cents per ear, but the price will come down as it becomes less scarce.

Now for some of the oddities Ive seen in my last couple of farmers market visits fruits and vegetables seen less frequently, often with short seasons. I stumbled on some cranberry beans, beautiful legumes with an ivory color and undulant, dark pink streaks. They must be shelled and soaked before being cooked, which means boiling at least 10 minutes. Dont be tempted to eat them raw, since they contain a toxin destroyed by boiling. Im using mine with fresh corn in a succotash.

Husk cherries are tiny and yellow, filled with seeds, like a tomato, that dribble out when bitten into, and covered with a papery husk that must be peeled off. They taste a little sweet and a little soapy, and at $10 a pint are way too expensive, but if youre looking for an exotic salad ingredient or an unusual birthday present, consider undergoing the expense.

TriStar strawberries are now available at Mountain Sweet Berry Farm at $5 a pint. Eat them immediately, because they soften and liquefy quickly. The taste is said to be much like that of wild strawberries, with a concentrated flavor. The stall also sells popsicles made of these berries, which concentrate the flavor further and make a nice break from shopping in the hot sun. But maybe step into the park or onto a side street to eat them, so as not to be too close to fellow shoppers.

Other interesting products which should be available for a short time: fresh horseradish with edible greens; bitter melon, an indispensable ingredient in Chinese and Indian cooking; turmeric rhizomes; sansho, green leaves with a peppery taste used in Japanese and Korean cooking; and green millet seeds in their husks, making them difficult to mill for eating, but constituting great bird food or an ornamental green. When dehusked, millet is used to make porridge in many West African cuisines.

Check out what was in the Greenmarkets a month ago.

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New Yorks Greenmarkets Boast Stone Fruit, Lettuce, and Cherries This Week - Eater NY

Mazz: Did JD Martinez quit on the Red Sox? – 98.5 The Sports Hub

By Tony Massarotti, 98.5 The Sports Hub

This is almost a week late, so bear with me. But during a pandemic, amidst of flurry of sports leagues reactivating, the Red Sox played a game on Saturday night in which it certainly feels like J.D. Martinez refused to pinch hit in a situation where he would have represented the tying run.

If that doesnt bother you, it should.

In fact, its the kind of thing that should send you into orbit.

Lets back up here for minute.

In Mondays Boston Globe, Red Sox beat reporter Pete Abraham reported the following:

Saturday nights 5-2 loss against the Yankees was a good example. With J.D. Martinez available to pinch hit, Andrew Benintendi took his turn at the plate and struck out on four pitches to end the game. That left him 2 for 24 on the season.

Martinez at that point had hit .320 against the Yankees with a 1.022 OPS since joining the Red Sox.

But he was not available. Here was how manager Ron Roenicke explained it.

He had been in the cages trying to get loose. Its a little harder to get J.D. quickly loose. But we had given him a couple of innings before and talked to him about it.

Hes used to certain routines that he goes through and he knows different situations when they come up that there may be an opportunity. But Jerry [Narron, the bench coach] had gone down there a couple of innings before and just kind of gave him a heads up to be ready.

I would rather give him the day off, which we did. But if we needed it to win a ballgame we thought we may put him up there.

So he could have hit?

We could have, Roenicke said. Again, both of us probably rather would have not, him and us. Thats kind of what the decision came to.

Excuse me?

Before I go any further, let me make this clear: this isnt about the manager. There is a tendency in baseball and, for that matter, life to blame the boss for everything, which is fine. But lets not be ridiculous or disingenuous. Everyone knows that Ron Roenicke ended up as manager of the Red Sox through a series of events didnt leave the team with many options. You, I and everyone else will be shocked if Roenicke is still the manager of the team on Opening Day 2021.

So please, dont make this about the manager. Its deflecting the argument and, more importantly, letting Martinez off the hook.

Now lets get back to the crux of that Abraham report, specifically this line: both of us probably rather would have not, him and us. And again, before we make this about Roenicke, we all know the reindeer games that teams and managers play. Roenicke wasnt about to throw Martinez under the bus by putting it all on him, so he was sure to say him and us.

I think Roenicke is deflecting blame here. I think Martinez didnt want to hit. And I think the manager is covering for him because as a longtime, respected baseball guy and man who is refreshingly decent and gentlemanly Roenicke is covering for his player because he understands the magnitude of Martinez transgression and the pure selfishness with which the player acted.

MAZZ: We'll Still Learn Plenty About Who These Red Sox Are

Seriously, is everyone really OK with this? Have we reached that point of apathy? The Red Sox had played eight games entering Saturdays affair against Yankees. They were 3-5. We all know Bostons pitching staff was assembled from yard sales and clearance bins, but Martinez is the highest-paid player on the active roster. He is also one of the most senior. He loves to paint himself as a hitting guru who imparts wisdom on his younger teammates, mostly through the use of the infamous tablet he uses during games.

How many times have you read that Martinez makes the other Red Sox better in a multitude of games?

But this?

This made them much worse.

At the moment, the Red Sox dont have a ton to hang their hats on. The pitching stinks. Chief baseball office Chaim Bloom was hired to rebuild the Red Sox from the inside out in the image of the Tampa Bay Rays mostly on the pitching staff but here is something that obviously hasnt been instilled yet: the Rays, in good years or in bad, always play hard, maximize their talent. They certainly dont quit.

Martinez? Unless or until we find out more in a world with limited media access, he has no defense or excuse. It sure feels like Captain Video pulled a Manny Ramirez in New York last weekend, refusing to hit in one of the few games where the Red Sox have had a chance this season. Whether they won or lost the game is irrelevant. The whole point, this year especially, is to try.

But if Martinez, in particular, cant even do that, well then why is even playing this year at all?

You can hear Tony Massarotti weekdays from 2-6 p.m. EST on the Felger & Massarotti program. Follow him on Twitter @TonyMassarotti.

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Mazz: Did JD Martinez quit on the Red Sox? - 98.5 The Sports Hub

Lions’ Hunter Bryant Projected to ‘Turn Heads’ in Camp – Heavy.com

GettyHunter Bryant makes a catch against Oregon State.

The Detroit Lions have a cast of rookies set to go on trying to impact the team in a huge way in 2020, and the biggest might be a player they didnt even select.

Recently, Bleacher Report took a look at naming the one undrafted free agent that is going to shake things up in a big way and turn some heads. Writer Chris Roling is betting on a member of the offense getting it done, and is projecting some big things for Hunter Bryant as a result.

Heres what Roling wrote:

Bryant is a versatile 62 weapon who spent his final collegiate season amassing 825 yards and three scores while averaging 15.9 yards per catch. Whether its blocking, playing near the chains or creating mismatches all over the field, the upside has always been apparent. Red flags from a pair of knee injuries were seemingly the only thing that knocked him out of the draft.

Not that the Lions will complain. Bryant has the talent to slot comfortably on the depth chart behind 2019 first-round pick T.J. Hockenson and free-agent add Jesse James.

In fact, creative usage out of the backfield and otherwise could quickly help Bryant become a camp star.

Bryant, from Washington, was one of the more stunning players to go undrafted and the Lions could quickly have a major deal on their hands in terms of the young pass catcher. The teams depth is not that stacked at tight end, and there is no reason Bryant cant push players with a solid camp period.

Dont sleep on Bryant being one of the best players on the field and certainly one of the best rookies during training camp. With the amount of hype he has received coming in, it might be a minor upset if Bryant doesnt turn some heads.

Bryant, one of the top pass catching tight ends in the draft, was not selected and it was a bit of a surprise considering he has major talent. Another stat that was presented shows how that talent manifests itself on the football field, and proves the Lions may have scored a major impact maker for their offense in the process.

As Pro Football Focus explained, Bryant collected over 7 receptions of 20+ yards downfield in 2019, which was the highest total of any Power 5 conference tight end last season.

Looking beyond the numbers, its clear Bryant could give the Lions another deep threat to stretch the field. Kenny Golladay, Marvin Jones and Marvin Hall already do the same thing at wide receiver, and getting Bryant into this mix gives the Lions a potentially potent deep ball option at tight end in order to stretch the field further.

Bryant could be more of a wideout than a tight end at the next level, but no matter what position he plays, seeing his ability to score completions of over 20 yards is an amazing sight for the teams offense. Players like this are in high demand across the NFL.

Bryant, expected to be the biggest prize in the undrafted free agency period, comes to the Lions as a very productive tight end out of Washington. The Lions depth at the position behind T.J. Hockenson and Jesse James is a bit thin, so Bryant would add a little bit with his ability to go up and make catches. In college, Bryant put up 1,394 yards and 5 touchdowns, but 6-2 size means he could be a solid pass catching option for the team at the position. He should have a great chance at sticking on the roster.

Bryant has shown the big play ability at tight end as this stat proves, which makes him a player to watch even as he was undrafted to start his NFL career.

Many think he will be able to really open some eyes once camp gets going.

READ NEXT: Matthew Stafford Wife Rips NFL Over COVID Testing

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Lions' Hunter Bryant Projected to 'Turn Heads' in Camp - Heavy.com

20 Prior To and also After Pictures of Stars That Cut Their Heads – D1SoftballNews.com

Getty Images/Mens Health and wellness

Hair indicates a whole lot to an individual. It holds as much relevance otherwise a lot more so than the garments an individual uses. Yet what can be even more of a declaration than a person that picks to cut their head and also rock a vibrant appearance? Some celebrities do it for individual factors, while others fearlessly use it on video camera. In either case, these 20 celebs recognize that they look excellent with or without a cut head. Take a look at these wild prior to and also after images of celebs that cut their head.

Sight Gallery40 Pictures.

1 of 40

Dwayne The Rock Johnson.


Back in 2006, the Rock went to the start of his effective acting profession, and also really had a complete head of hair.

2 of 40

Dwayne The Rock Johnson.


With numerous acting duties, generating jobs, and also the begin of his very own tequila brand name, Johnsons cut head makes him look the recognized entrepreneur that he is.

3 of 40

Millie Bobby Brown.


At age 16, Millie Bobby Brown has all of it, whether it be a fashion-forward design or a prominent cosmetics line.

4 of 40

Millie Bobby Brown.


Yet when followers initially satisfied her in the initial period of Complete Stranger Points, Browns cut head was necessary to her personality.

5 of 40

Sigourney Weaver.


After greater than 4 years in Hollywood, Weavers acting selections have actually been as varied as her design selections.

6 of 40

Sigourney Weaver.


Although her hair was dark and also curly in the initial 2 Alien movies, it was 1992s Unusual 3 that displayed her cut head and also devotion to the function

7 of 40

Joseph Gordon-Levitt.


Whether it be a suit/tie combination or a laid-back attire, Levitts interest to hairstyling constantly makes him look classic.

8 of 40

Joseph Gordon-Levitt.


As a great star recognizes, look on video camera is crucial to your efficiency, as JGL plainly recognized when cutting his go to 2012s Costs Thrill

9 of 40

Natalie Portman.


Ever before the style chameleon, Portmans design selections have actually constantly been vibrant and also one-of-a-kind.

10 of 40

Natalie Portman Cut.


Portman additionally verified her valiancy on video camera when she notoriously cut her go to her function in 2005s V for Grudge

11 of 40

Bryan Cranston.


Cranstons remained in Hollywood for some time, and also like his garments, his much shorter hairdo has actually ended up being a timeless.

12 of 40

Bryan Cranston.


Yet it was his function in Damaging Poor that created Cranston to cut his head, leaving followers stunned and also not even if of his efficiency.

13 of 40

Colin Farrell.


In the very early aughts, Farrells different movie duties made him stand apart, similar to his style selections.

14 of 40

Colin Farrell.


It was difficult not to observe the star when he marched at the best of Minority Record looking entirely various, yet exceptionally eye-catching with a cut head.

15 of 40

Matt Damon.


Matt Damons hair selections have actually been rather regular for many years, similar to his regime in Hollywood.

16 of 40

Matt Damon.


Yet occasionally modification is an excellent way to seasoning points up, as he did when he showed up on The Today Program with a cut head.

17 of 40

Amandla Stenberg.


For a girl in Hollywood, the starlet certain recognizes exactly how to infuse her individuality right into her red carpeting design selections.

18 of 40

Amandla Stenberg.


It mayve shocked followers and also style doubters to see Stenberg with a cut head (which she provided for her function in Where Hands Touch), yet the appearance absolutely matched her.

19 of 40

Tom Hardy.


The stars design constantly emanated a smooth self-confidence, similar to the duties he represents in his movies.

20 of 40

Tom Hardy Cut.


Although it may be startling to see Hardy without his locks, you can not assist yet believe he looks excellent.

21 of 40

Anne Hathaway.


Anne Hathaways hair was popular for tween women back in 2001, offered her personality Mias significant design improvement in The Princess Diaries.

22 of 40

Anne Hathaway.


Ever before so brave, Hathaway fearlessly cut her directly video camera while carrying out I Fantasized a Desire for the 2012 remake of Les Miserables

23 of 40

Jake Gyllenhaal.


I can not be the just one that suches as when Gyllenhaals hair is much longer and also matches his simple, laid-back set.

24 of 40

Jake Gyllenhaal.


With a cut head (below at the 2005 Academy Honors), Gyllenhaals sharp face attributes get on screen for all to appreciate.

25 of 40

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20 Prior To and also After Pictures of Stars That Cut Their Heads - D1SoftballNews.com

Kayaking the Apostle Islands sea caves in ‘more than just a tourist way’ – Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

The Apostle Islands National Lakeshore in Lake Superior in northern Wisconsin celebrates its 50th anniversary in 2020. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Travis Barningham is the kind of kayak guide you want leading you through sea caves so smallthat in order to get through them,youmustlie back flat against your kayak anduse your hands to scoot through.

Dont worry about your paddles! he shouted as my mom and I squeezed through a formationhe called thewormhole,in Lake Superior about1 mile north of Meyers Beach along the Bayfield peninsula in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore.

I was glad he had given us permission to not worry about our paddles, because I hadnt even thought about them since we had entered thetiny tunnel.I was solely focused on pushing against the rock that was 6 inches from my face and getting us the heck out of therebeforean errant wave smackedourheadsinto it.

We safely emerged from the cave to a larger one where we could sit upright again, and our relief gave way towhoopsand laughter.

I had kayaked these caves before, but without a guide I had no idea the wormhole existed.And Im not sureotherguideswould have takenusthrough it.

But Barningham, who owns the outfitter Rustic Makwa Den, offered the right mixture of safety and daring you want when youre exploring somewhere like the sea caves.Plus, as a member of the nearby Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa, he provided a one-of-a-kind tour of an area that his people have lived in for hundreds of years anarea that holds special meaning to his tribe.The stories hetold shared some of that meaning and made our two-hour paddle more meaningful than just a fun, scenic trip.

Travis Barningham, owner of Rustic Makwa Den, paddles through sea caves north of Meyers Beach in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore on July 20, 2020.(Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

In February, I had gotten a taste of that extra meaning when I went on a snowshoeing tour with Jon Michels, wholives on the Red Cliff reservation and also guides for Barningham and Rustic Makwa Den in the summer.

Were trying to really develop a connection guides as people that can share this place in more than just a tourist way, more of a connected to the culture and the spirit of the place, Michels told me in February. I think most people have walked or been to a place where they feel something, and thats here. Its here and its strong, and its especially strong for us here, but I know that other people come here and feel that. Bringing people to special places and letting them have that experience is one of the things were trying to do. Theres more to this place than I got the T-shirt' kind of tourism.

Barninghamstarted Rustic Makwa Den in 2017 with fellow tribal member Troy Gordon.In addition to summer kayak tours of the mainland caves, theyalsooffer tours of the sea caves along the Red Cliff reservation on the east side of the Bayfield peninsula in the summer and winter.

Becausethat side of the peninsula is more protected from Lake Superiors brutal west winds, the ice freezes more easily in the winter, making it possible to access the caves even when the national lakeshore ones are not open. In the summer the waves are usually calmer,making it possible to kayak there on days whenit might be too dangerous to do so on the other side.

We encountered that situation on our scheduled tour date, when a strong northwest windwhipped up large enough waves to warrant a small-craft advisory.

Barningham moved our tour to the Red Cliff caves, but by the time I got his messageabout the new location, we were already at Meyers Beach.We walked down to the beach where two- to four-foot waves bashed against the shore.Only two kayakers who clearly knew what they were doing wereplayingin the choppy waterswhere there would normally be dozens of kayaks on a nice day.

Thankfully we were able to reschedule our tour for the next afternoon an important reminder to leave yourself a cushion if youre planning to kayak ordo anything else in the Apostle Islands. Lake Superior weather can be unpredictable and change quickly, and the lake is the boss.

Kayakers paddle through sea caves north of Meyers Beach in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore.(Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

The next day we pulled into Meyers Beach around 2 p.m. for our tour, andcars already filled the small parking lot and lined the road leading out to Highway 13.

Kayaking in the islands has become popular onlyin the last 20 years, and especially in the last five years after the ice caves went viral on social media in 2014 and made the areaand its cavesworld-famous.

Bob Mackrelworked as the parks west district manager atMeyers Beachin the 90s andsaid"you never saw that kind of traffic parked along thatroadback then, when the parking lot was even smaller. It was expanded about 10 years ago,and he said they thought that expansion would besufficientfor the future.

It wasoverwhelmedvery quickly. Nobody anticipated it, he said.

Barningham and his assistant guide, Ethan Gordon,were waiting by their van in the busy lot andoutfitted our group of seven with life jackets and spray skirts and helped us carry ourtandemseakayaksto the beach(where there thankfully werent as many boats as the traffic in the parking lot would have indicated).

After a safety lesson on the beach, we paddled into Lake Superior, which was much calmer than the day before, heading northeast toward the sea caves.

Downed trees line the sandstone cliff above a rock formation that resembles a skull north of Meyers Beach in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore on July 21, 2020. (Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

Along the way, we saw evidence of an intense storm that had passed through a couple nights before.Downed trees lined the cliffs, some of which looked freshly eroded. The mainland trail that follows the cliffs had been closed since the storm and wouldn't reopen for a week. When we kayaked in the caves later, Barningham said it was weird to notsee people walking along the cliffs above. Sometimes they'll ask you to take photos from below, he said.

Before we reached the caves, Barningham searched the remaining trees for a large bald eagle nest he usually points out on his toursbut couldnt find it in its usual spot.The eagle is sacred to the Ojibwe, who consider it a messenger that carries their prayersto their creator.Barningham said he might hike the cliff top the following day to search for eagle feathers. While it is illegal for most people to keep eagle feathers they find, he said their treaty permits tribal members to keep anythey find.

The Apostle Islands National Lakeshore off the northern border of Wisconsin.(Photo: Lou Saldivar)

Enlarge map

Like many people who live in Red Cliff, Barningham has ties to that treatybeyond the fact that it helped establish the reservation he lived on. His sons mother is a descendant of the tribal chief who made it happen Chief Buffalo (Kechewaishke).

I had never heard of Chief Buffalo untilMichels told me about him on our snowshoeing tour a sad whitewashing of the Apostle Islandshistory, perhaps, considering how instrumental he was in maintaining peace in the area and securinga permanent reservationfor his tribe.

If he hadnt been overshadowed by all the Indian wars, I think he'd probably be one of the most famous and respected native leaders in the country, Michels said.

For background, Michels shared some history of the area and the Red Cliff Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. He said Lake Superior made the area a great place to live, providing good fishing and a transportation avenue, as well as some of the best wild rice beds in the world. On land, the Ojibwe did prescribed burns on sandy soil, which provided habitat for the bison and elk that they hunted.

The French arrived in the 1600s, establishing a trading post on Madeline Island, which had been the spiritual and economic home for theOjibwe.They mostly had a good relationship, Michels said, noting that the French seemed to respect and assimilate to native culture rather than trying to bend the Ojibwe to their culture.

Things began to change in the 1800s. While the Indian Removal Act of 1830 affected southern tribes more than the Ojibwe, pressure for the tribe to be moved to Minnesota grew after Wisconsin became a state in 1848.

Michels said a cabal of characters(in the federal and local government)wanted the tribe to live in Minnesota so they could have access to the tribes annuity payments, issued in October. In 1850, the federal officials changed the payment location from La Pointe on Madeline Island to Sandy Lake, Minn. A group of Ojibwe went to Sandy Lake to retrieve the money and supplies, not expecting to stay long. But the payments were delayed until December, and 400 Ojibwe died of starvation, freezing or disease while waiting and on the journey home.

Barningham called it Wisconsins trail of tears, and it cemented the tribes resolve to stay on their lands.

As the area inched toward a possibly violent conflict,Chief Buffaloled a delegationtoWashington to convince President Millard Fillmore to rescind the removal order.The chief who was well over 90 years old at the time and others made their way from La Pointeto Sault Ste. Marieby birch bark canoe, then by steamship and trains to Washington D.C. There, a New York congressman got them in to see the president. They met for a few hours and smoked apeacepipeBuffalohad brought from Wisconsin.The presidentso enjoyed the meeting that he invited them back for another the next day, thenrescinded the removal order for the Lake Superior Ojibwe and ordered treaty negotiations to begin.

The 1854 La Pointe Treaty came out of those negotiations and established reservations including those for the Lac du Flambeau, the Lac Courte Oreilles and the Bad River bands in Wisconsin. The Red Cliff Reservation, however, was not directly established through the treaty. The land, known as the Buffalo Estate, was initially given to Buffalo for his work in the negotiations. The rest of the La Pointe people were supposed to move to the Bad River reservation, but many stayed with Buffalo at Red Cliff. In 1863 the U.S. government attached Buffalo's land to the 1854 treaty and established the Red Cliff Reservation.

Chief Buffalodied in 1855 at the age of 100 and was buried on Madeline Island. Two busts of the chief one marble and one bronze are in the U.S. Capitol building.

This marble bust of Chief Buffalo, created in 1856 by Italian sculptor Francis Vincenti, is on display in the Senate wing of the U.S. Capitol building.(Photo: U.S. Senate Collection)

He is also immortalized in the name of the bay that Rustic Makwa Den launches its kayaks from for tours of the Red Cliff caves.

This year, as the park service celebrates the national lakeshores 50th anniversary, they have shared bits of its history, including Chief Buffalo and the 1854 treaty, on their Facebook page.

But outside of that, his history is largely unknown by most white visitors.

For whatever reason, history was overshadowed by so much other stuff, Michels said. "All the relations with natives in history was all about warfare, and Buffalo did the opposite. He used the political process and was successful at it, and it just didnt catch historical traction.

Thats partially what Michels and Barningham hope to change with their tours.

We continuedoursalongthemainlandsea caves, paddling intoany openingsin thered-brownrockthat stood more than 40 feet tallin spots.

We had the caves to ourselves, including a narrow gorge known as the crevasse or the crack that Barningham said you sometimeshave towait for other tour groups to get out of before you can explore.

Kayakers paddle into a rock formation known as the crevasse or the crack on Lake Superior north of Meyers Beach in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore.(Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

It was unusualfor the caves to not be swarming with kayakers on a sunny summer afternoon, even on a weekday.

Part of that could have been due to outfitters choosing not to operate or offering fewer trips because of the coronavirus pandemic.

Barningham said hes decreased his offerings, opting for quality over quantity and having either himself or Michels lead all trips.

Fewer boats meant we could take our time inall ofthe caves, including one ofBarninghamsfavorites, which he called the singing cave for the noise the waves made bouncing and echoing off the rock inside.

Kayakers paddle through sea caves north of Meyers Beach in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore.(Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

Hesaid the wormhole is also among his favorites, anddespite high lake levels making it an even tighter squeeze than usual, everyone in our group which included a young couple in a tandem kayak, and a father and his two young children in a triple managed to get through it. Only our assistant guideaborted on his attempt. Barningham saidits sometimes easier to get atandem kayak through because theyre heavier and sit lower in the water than single kayaks.

The beauty of our trip wasit was a choose-your-own-adventure trip with no pressure to kayak anywhere you werent comfortable.Dont want to squeeze through the wormhole? No problem. You could hang out along the caves outside and explore larger ones while you waited.

And if youre more adventurous than your kayak partner, you can do what I did and put herin the front so you can pretend to not hear her objections when you steer the kayak toward it. (Disclaimer: Not recommended for married couples.)

But adventure is about pushingyourcomfort zone, and under the safe guidance of an experienced guide,it wasworthpushingfor the reward ofexploring one of the most beautiful and unique natural features Wisconsin has to offer.

Kayakers paddle along sea caves north of Meyers Beach in the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore.(Photo: Chelsey Lewis/Milwaukee Journal Sentinel)

More information:A handful of Apostle Islands have sea caves, but the biggest and most popular are along the national lakeshores strip of mainland near Meyers Beach, about 15 miles west of Bayfield.

Lake Superior is cold and can be dangerous for inexperienced kayakers.Its much more like an ocean than an inland lake.Unless you havethe proper equipment(a sea kayak, not a sit-on top one)and experience(including the ability to self-rescue, since there is nowhere to swim ashore once you reach the caves), you should only explore the caves with an authorized guide.

Some outfitters rent kayaks, but they require you to pass a safety course that includes self-rescue techniques before you head out.

Rustic Makwa Denrents kayaks andoffers a variety of tours, including of the Meyers Beach caves.Thebeginner-friendlytwo-hour tours departat 10 a.m., 2 p.m. and 5 p.m. daily throughthe beginning of October.Tours are weather-dependent and may be rescheduled ifconditionsare too rough on Lake Superior; leave yourself an extra day or two in the area in case you need to reschedule.Tourscost $110 for a tandem kayak (two paddlers) and $145 for a triple (two paddlers and one childbetween ages 5 and 12).For reservations and more information, seerusticmakwaden.com.

For more NPS-authorizedoutfitters, see the Apostle Islands National Lakeshore website, nps.gov/apis.

This is part of a series of stories about the Apostle Islands as the national lakeshore, the only one in Wisconsin, celebrates its 50th anniversary.

Related: Apostle Islands cruise is one of the best ways to see the national lakeshore

Related: No longer a Midwestern secret, Apostle Islands National Lakeshore celebrates 50 years

Contact Chelsey Lewis atclewis@journalsentinel.com. Follow her on Twitter at @chelseylew and@TravelMJS and Facebook at Journal Sentinel Travel.


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Kayaking the Apostle Islands sea caves in 'more than just a tourist way' - Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Essential Releases: Theremin Dub, NYC Hip-Hop, Improvised Jazz and More – bandcamp.com

SEVEN ESSENTIAL RELEASES Essential Releases: Theremin Dub, NYC Hip-Hop, Improvised Jazz and More By Bandcamp Daily Staff August 07, 2020

Welcome to Essential Releases, our weekly roundup of the best music on Bandcamp. This column began as a way to recommend crucial new albums. However, until further notice, well be using it to spotlight the records that are resonating with us right now, regardless of when they were released.

Deltalite Odyssey, Melbourne artist Rory McPikes debut effort as Cactus Head, is the perfect lounge-around-and-do-nothing album: a cozy blend of balearic pop and lo-fi rock, smoothly paced and sun-soaked to perfection. Like many of his projects (Rings Around Saturn, Bleekman, Pickleman, etc.), its an electronic project underpinned by numbing texture and new-age blissbut whereas those endeavors channeled that dreaminess into techno and ambient, Deltalite Odyssey offersto quote the colorful album descriptionDMT-induced 80s ballads and drum machine-driven mid-fi boogie. What its songs lack in sheer impactcuts like Elevate and Red Bluff sound like mall music heard from underwater, pop hooks drifting among murky snares and synthsthey make up for with a strong devotion to form, expressed through minimalist savvy and psychedelic warmth. Sometimes, the best things in lifeand musicare understated.

The New York rapper Flee Lord opens his June album Alter Ego: Fleeigo Delgado with an apology. So, we had to pull an audible, he says. We was working on Loyalty & Trust the second edition, but we wasnt sure if it was gonna make this month. So I put this together. Hes talking about the fact that he hasnt finished the follow-up to last years Loyalty & Trust, but he has nothing to be sorry for. Over the last 24 months, Flee Lord has been churning out albums at a staggering pacesolo LPs as well as collaborations with Eto and 38 Spesh. He turned up on the last album by Trust Army, a collective of kindred-spirit rappers like Che Noir, Planet Asia, and Rome Streetz. He also makes an appearance on the upcoming, career-best album from Griselda rapper Conway. In other words, when he told us last year that his goal was, To make more music than anybody else, he wasnt kidding. But if Fleeigo Delgado is, as he puts it, an audible, then it stands as yet another testament to just how good Flee really is. Not one bar on the albums 10 songs feels shrugged off or phoned in. Instead, Flee leans in hard, his voice grinding insistently against the beats like rusted-over cogs cranking away inside a turbine. On the dazzling Funeral Home, over a tense, organ-driven backdrop from the producer Dolla, Flee offers boasts like, Droppin albums like my hands greasy, its mad easy, Yall bums in the booth, I come with the truth, and All my verses high-speed, thatll cost you 9Gs. No matter whos behind the boards, the production maintains a kind of humid, August-in-New-York vibe, and Flees voice on every song is as jagged as the blade of a buck knife. Its the kind of record that makes you excited to hear what the artist is going to do next. Knowing Flee Lord, well find out in about three or four weeks.

2020 marks the 100th birthday of the theremin, one of the most beautifully strange instrument in recorded music. Originally, the theremin operated within a classical, albeit futuristic, context; a century later, its eerie song permeates horror and sci-fi scores, avant-garde electronica, and electro-jazz, among other highlights, as explored by Jim Allen in his story on the theremins centennial this past April. The celebration continues this week with a new compilation from London producer Gaudi that recasts the theremin as a starring dub player. For all its sci-fi mystique, the theremins gliding ghost-song is a perfect fit for these buoyant riddims, carrying the melodies along in a gentle, winding current. A stacked roster of board wizards sweetens the deal; Mad Professor, Adrian Sherwood, the Scientist, Prince Fatty, and Dennis Bovell come through with their own unique takes on the instrument, from the balmy (Smoking Dub) to the James Bond-esque (Secret Service Dub). Dub has always been about exploring space, the very principle on which the theremin operates in the first place: in other words, the two are a match made in heaven.

Released in 1972, Buddy Terrys Pure Dynamite captures a fertile time in jazz, when purists wrongly predicted its demise, opening the door for musicians like Terry to fuse it with funk, soul, gospel, and West African rhythms and create something new. Because jazz had become less popular in the mainstream, Terry flew under the radar. That means Pure Dynamite didnt get the credit it deserved as a spirited set of post bop and fusion meant to unite past and present sounds. It was his second album for Mainstream Records, following the equally great Awareness from 1971. With players like drummer Billy Hart, trumpeter Eddie Henderson, and percussionist Mtume on the album, Pure Dynamite is a fluid interplay between some of the genres best purveyors of Afrocentric jazz. Terry favored shape-shifting orchestration; on Awareness, it came in the form of its 13-minute title track. Here, on the album opener Quiet Afternoon, the band opens with a sauntering groove that picks up steam around the two-minute mark, as the trumpet and Terrys saxophone ascend to the fore. The song, with all its crescendos, finally congeals, ending as a stellar psych-funk hybrid. Then theres Baba Hengates, the albums regal 17-minute closer: Jazz heads might recognize this from Mtume Umoja Ensembles album, Alkebu-Lan Land Of The Blacks (Live At The East). But where Mtumes version felt looser, Terrys rendition is a tightly-coiled procession of a few different subgenresavant-garde, ambient, and swing. You need Pure Dynamite in your collection right away.

Merce Lemons Moonth has a kind of self-possessed steeliness beneath its indie pop delicacy, yet the Pittsburgh songwriters gentle touch imbues her music with an inviting warmth that tempers its heartfelt expressions of emotional vulnerability. Not to imply this is a bummer record, because its not. Theres actually a lot of playfulness here, especially in its lyricism. Lemon writes highly intelligent songs without being overly intellectual in her approach nor overly childlike, even when using myriad food metaphors to delineate the pains of heartbreak and resignation. Moonth is also stylistically diverse, with songs ranging from hushed and folky acoustic guitar ditties to more atmospheric explorations and twangy ballads. Theres even an indie rock song or twothough theyre the exception rather than the rule, and always err on the twee side of the spectrum. A deceptively simple-sounding record,Moonth will draw you in with its accessibility, but its Lemons fearless honesty that leaves the deepest impression.

UV-TVs proclivity for shading their twinkly pop-punk with doomy streaks of post-punk, coldwave, and shoegaze was already evident on their excellent 2017 debut Glass, but the formula coalesced even more formidably on last years Happywithout sacrificing the big, big hooks that makes the bands music irresistible to anyone with a love for a great rock song played breathlessly fast la Tiger Trap. What sets this band apart from many in their particular milieu is how theyre able to pair such high-energy, seemingly throwaway songs with deeply felt emotions that feel as expansive as the running times are short. Bassist Rose Vastolas velvety vocals remain a balm on the ear and they benefit immensely from Happys higher production values than what was found on their comparatively garage-y debut. But so does everything, really, because music that is tightly wound and locked-in always sounds better when you can cleanly hear all the moving parts. Highlights include the fractured Inside Out, the buzzy title track, and the dissonant Gold, which is matched in its upbeat expressions of joy by gross squeals of guitar straight out of some anonymous music video that aired on 120 Minutes in 1992.

Named for a poetic fragment by the late David Berman(If Christ had died in a hallway we might pray in hallways/ or wear little golden hallways around our necks), Golden Hallway Music is the moniker under which Zack Tornaben records whimsical, wondrous daydream miniatures in the hallway of his New York apartment. Rules & Chance is his second self-released collection, and its songs triangulate kosmische circus themes, pastoral new age, and African keyboard modalities, creating a humble fantasia of open-horizon melodies and electric sunset textures, all of them inspired by moments of quotidian beauty: highway rest stops, light pollution, city rooftops at night. Its a quiet gem, full of meditative moods and minimalist means, pulled from the mouth of the metropolis into beatific spheres above.

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Essential Releases: Theremin Dub, NYC Hip-Hop, Improvised Jazz and More - bandcamp.com

Letter: Lets just continue to bury our heads in the sand, folks – Manitoulin Expositor

After all, once the bees are dead weve got just four more years

To the Expositor:

Having read a recent editorial regarding herbicides and the dying bees, I realize that bees, trees, water and human health are of supreme importance when compared to making more money.

Our benevolent politicians sign laws that always engender the well-being of the citizens who elected them. They never favour big business and the monied class.

Our representatives would never make laws that would force us to put highly carcinogenic chemicals into the creeks and onto the roadways. I am certain that only the Americans sell out their citizens by dumping Agent Orange onto men, women and children and theirownsoldiers.

The previous sentences are, obviously, tongue in cheek but they lead a thinking person to a grim reality.

Big business and government sign our pay checks so that we may pay our rent and buy our porkchops. Our dependence is undeniable and, as history has proven, we will put babies into ovens if our paymasters and money changers so demand.

Forget about it folks. Go back to your TV and propaganda news bytes. Hate and fear your brothers who are brown, yellow and red. Do not question the laws, read your bible, follow the script and go back to sleep.

Besides, after we kill all the bees, according to Einstein, we still have four years to live.

All the best,

Tommy Lough


PS: Dear Expositor, I will be shocked if you print this.Cold, hard truth scares all of us.

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Letter: Lets just continue to bury our heads in the sand, folks - Manitoulin Expositor

COVID-19 vaccine makers rue red tape in Telangana – The New Indian Express

By Express News Service

HYDERABAD: Stressing on collaborative efforts to develop a vaccine for Coronavirus, three major Pharma companies Bharat Biotech, Biological E and Indian Immunologicals, said the Telangana government and the Centre needed to streamline the process.

Speaking at an interaction on the subject, 'The Vaccine Race' moderated by IT and MAUD Minister KT Rama Rao, the industry leaders noted that the present ecosystem gave them the shorter end of the stick in the race to find a vaccine.

Demand for decentralisation

"To be a global power, the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) needs a South-Indian headquarters. For small clearances, we have to rush to Delhi, which is hurting us. Sixty per cent of pharma business comes from here, so decentralise the power to Hyderabad. Similarly, if the Review Committee on Genetic Manipulation (RCGM) and Department of Biotechnology (DBT) set up an institute here for clearances, we would save time and effort," said Bharat Biotech MD Krishna Ella.

'Use World Bank, WHO funds'

On a similar note, Mahima Datla, MD of Biological E flagged the Centre's response in fetching available funds that WHO and World Bank are providing for vaccine development. "There is COVAX facility by WHO which gives a demand certainty, but our governments response to it is not forthcoming. So we are losing competitive advantage despite being leading manufacturers in the world," she said.

She added that as a starter, the World Bank had Rs 2 billion in funding that was made available to vaccine manufacturers and India needs to make that available to vaccine manufacturers.

On the lack of coordinated effort, Dr Anand Kumar, MD of Indian Immunologicals said though there were just seven leading manufacturers, no concentrated effort had come in for a status check on R&D requirements or infra requirements forcing them to work in silos. Rama Rao assured the industry leaders of all support.

HYDERABAD: The Hyderabad Science Society has developed a sanitiser robotic vehicle which can be used to spray sanitising liquid on roads and buildings. Hyderabad Science Society director SA Khansaid, "In areas where there is contamination in buildings and humans cannot be employed due to risks of virus, this remote controlled vehicle is a viable alternative."

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COVID-19 vaccine makers rue red tape in Telangana - The New Indian Express

Just 10 games in, the Red Sox are tied for the worst record in the AL. Its easy to see why – The Boston Globe

Bogaerts is right. Trying to win with only two reliable starting pitchers is hard. Trying to bond with so many new teammates during a pandemic is hard. Watching Triple A pitchers trying to get the Yankees out is hard.

Losing Eduardo Rodriguez for the entire season because of a heart condition related to his having COVID-19; that was really hard.

At 3-7, the Red Sox are tied for the worst record in the American League and are already five games out first. Its easy to see why.

The Sox really dont have a rotation. Theres Nate Eovaldi, Martin Perez and a series of question marks. Theyve also played poor defense and run the bases like their masks were pulled over their eyes.

When Mookie Betts and David Price were traded in January, it was a clear message that this season didnt matter and the Sox were preparing for the future. Chris Sale undergoing Tommy John surgery seven weeks later only reiterated this would be a lost season.

The Sox had 16 pitchers on their active roster Sunday, seven who were designated for assignment or released in the last nine months before the Sox picked them up.

Pitchers from that group have started four of the 10 games.

One of the castoffs, Matt Hall, inherited a 2-0 lead in the second inning on Sunday and allowed three runs. When the Sox came back to take a 5-3 lead, Hall gave up two more.

Behind Xander Bogaerts and Rafael Devers, the Sox built a 7-6 lead only to see Matt Barnes allow three runs after retiring the first two batters in the eighth inning.

The go-ahead runs came in Aaron Judges second homer of the game, a 468-foot blast.

You cant win with a pitching staff like that and the players know it. Their level of play has reflected it.

Saturday nights 5-2 loss against the Yankees was a good example.

The Sox put two runners on base with two outs in the ninth inning against journeyman righthander David Hale. One swing could have tied the game.

With J.D. Martinez available to pinch hit, Andrew Benintendi took his turn at the plate and struck out on four pitches to end the game. That left him 2 for 24 on the season.

Martinez at that point had hit .320 against the Yankees with a 1.022 OPS since joining the Red Sox.

But he was not available. Here was how manager Ron Roenicke explained it.

He had been in the cages trying to get loose. Its a little harder to get J.D. quickly loose. But we had given him a couple of innings before and talked to him about it.

Hes used to certain routines that he goes through and he knows different situations when they come up that there may be an opportunity. But Jerry [Narron, the bench coach] had gone down there a couple of innings before and just kind of gave him a heads up to be ready.

I would rather give him the day off, which we did. But if we needed it to win a ballgame we thought we may put him up there.

So he could have hit?

We could have, Roenicke said. Again, both of us probably rather would have not, him and us. Thats kind of what the decision came to.

Youd hope a Red Sox player would be breaking down doors for a chance to beat the Yankees. But Martinez took a pass and Roenicke made it out to be a mutual decision.

It brings to mind the 2014 season, when what appeared to be a good Red Sox team fell apart after ownership made a lowball offer to ace lefthander Jon Lester.

The Sox played with little passion, fell out of contention quickly and there was a fire sale at the trade deadline that included Lester. It was the start of a long fallow period.

That could be where this is headed. Chief baseball officer Chaim Bloom has been careful to say the Sox arent giving up on the season but also have to be mindful of the future.

The trade deadline is at Aug. 31 this season assuming MLB is still operating at that point and Bloom could deal away players like Martinez, Jackie Bradley Jr., Mitch Moreland and Kevin Pillar.

Barnes spoke confidently after the game about the Sox being capable of going on a good run. But even with eight teams from each league making the playoff this season, how could they with this pitching?

Bogaerts is trying to stay hopeful.

We dont have much time. But in 50 games a lot can happen, he said.

A lot already has. Too much.

Peter Abraham can be reached at peter.abraham@globe.com. Follow him on Twitter @PeteAbe.

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Just 10 games in, the Red Sox are tied for the worst record in the AL. Its easy to see why - The Boston Globe

Mali: New witness testimony reveals horrors of protest shootings – Amnesty International

Dozens of witnesses to the shootings of protesters in Mali last month told Amnesty International they had clearly identified some of the perpetrators as the bodyguards of Manassa Danioko, President of the Constitutional Court.

The protests between 10 and 12 July were organized by the Mouvement du 5 Juin-Rassemblement des forces patriotiques (M5-RFP), that has been demonstrating against poor governance and electoral fraud in Mali since 5 June and has called for the resignation of President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita. The demonstrations coincided with the call for civil disobedience by the M5-RFP, but they were brutally repressed by the security forces across Bamako, the capital, resulting in the deaths of at least 11 protesters and bystanders, and dozens being injured.

Rumors of the arrest of the leader of the M5-RFP, Imam Mahmoud Dicko, led on 11 July, to a mobilization of demonstrators and residents in the neighborhood of Badalabougou. Some of them moved towards the house of Manassa Danioko, which is not far from Dickos residence.

Rumors of the arrest of the leader of the M5-RFP, Imam Mahmoud Dicko, led on 11 July, to a mobilization of demonstrators and residents in the neighborhood of Badalabougou. Some of them moved towards the house of Manassa Danioko, which is not far from Dickos residence, said Ousmane Diallo, Amnesty Internationals West Africa Researcher.

This led to the firing of live ammunition by security guards and by the police, at the protesters, causing the deaths of four individuals during that incident alone. A fair and impartial investigation into these deaths must urgently be launched, and those responsible must be brought to justice.

Amnesty International interviewed 41 respondents, including witnesses to the violence, injured demonstrators, journalists, opposition leaders and public officials. Witnesses and families of victims shared horrific accounts of the violence perpetrated by police in Badalabougou and Sogoninko neighborhoods where protests were held on 11 July, along with the responsibility of bodyguards to the President of the Constitutional Court in the deaths of protesters in Badalabougou.

The organization also collected photos and video evidence of the injuries sustained by the protesters, of the impact of bullets on civilian buildings, and of the clashes between demonstrators and security forces, which all concord with the testimonies collected.

Several of those killed during the three days of repression were not involved in the protests. Fayal Ciss, 25, was the first victim of the lethal use of force. He was a former madrassa student who was not part of the protest and was at a mosque around 300 m from the National Assembly. A relative told Amnesty International that he was hit by a bullet fired from the National Assembly, while he was between the ablutions area and the prayer room. He fell in the courtyard of the mosque and died subsequently of his wounds.

A 37-year-oldprotestor told Amnesty International how they were dislodged from the public broadcasters premises by security forces who startedbeatingand injuring many of them, including women.They hit them on their heads and arms with sticks. They were dispersed by the security forces who fired live ammunition at the protestors, causing one death near the National Assembly.

Among those killed was HalidouBouar, 21. Like Sidi Mohamed Doumbia, Bouar was working when he was struck by a bullet, fired by security forces.

One of his relatives, who witnessed the incident from outside his house, told Amnesty International:

HalidouBouarwas shot while he was at the carwash where he worked. He wasnt demonstrating but since he was close to scene, he was hit by two bullets, one in the stomach and one in the shoulder, while he was doing his work. He lostconsciousnesswhile I was transporting him to the hospital. Blood was flowing from his mouth. He died at the hospital soon after our arrival.

The violence escalated on 11 and 12 July, following news that security forces planned to arrest Imam Mahmoud Dicko after they had arrested several other M5-RFP leaders. Amnesty International spoke to several witnesses who identified the bodyguards of Manassa Danioko, the President of the Constitutional Court, as shooting at protesters on the afternoon of 11 July. Aly Sylla, 29, was among the victims.

A relative of his told the organization:

During the clashes with the police, Aly was shot in the head. Several youths identified the gunman as one of Manassa Danioko's bodyguards. He was with one of his friends who took pictures of the bodyguard and identified him He told the shooter that he took a good picture of him and that he would pay for this crime. The police tried to arrest him, but he escaped.

I remember my son telling me Daddy, I cannot breathe anymore.

While Aly Sylla died on the spot, two other victims of the same incident died at the hospital from their wounds.One of them was Sidi Mohamed Doumbia, a 16-year old student who was at work in Badalabougou, repairing motorcycles when he was shot. He was hit in the stomach and arm while he stood at a good distance from the policemen and the demonstrations. His father recounted the heartbreaking experience of watching his son die:

I remember my son telling me "Daddy, I cannot breathe anymore". I could see that he was dying in front of me, while at the hospital. I don't know who fired, but the children around said it was one of the bodyguards .

The role of the FORSAT, a special government antiterrorist unit in the arrests of leaders of the M5-RFP and in the assault of the mosque of Imam Mahmoud Dicko is also of grave concern and deserves thorough investigations.

Several witnesses told Amnesty International that during an 11 July meeting of M5-RFP, hooded men in heavy gear suspected to belong to FORSAT arrived heavily armed in two unmarked public buses to disrupt the meeting.

Other witnesses recounted seeing FORSAT members deployed to arrest the leaders of the M5-RFP on 11 July. They also were witnessed launching an assault on the mosque of Imam Mahmoud Dicko during the evening, said Ousmane Diallo.

The deployment of the FORSAT to maintain public order during the demonstrations is a clear violation of its mandate. Another red line was crossed when the security forces fired live ammunition at protesters.

The deployment of the FORSAT to maintain public order during the demonstrations is a clear violation of its mandate. Another red line was crossed when the security forces fired live ammunition at protesters.

In an official letter dated on 14 July addressed to the Ministry of Public Security, the Prime Minister asked for the reasons behind the deployment of the FORSAT and who authorized it. While welcoming this development, Amnesty International calls for responsibilities to be clearly established regarding who gave the security forces order to fire at the demonstrators, when they presented no danger to them.

While trying to control demonstrators and destroy barricades, police also killedMamadou Ba, a doctoral student in medicine, who was called by a health center to support them in their work.

According to a witness, Mamadou Ba was shot near the health center by policemen positioned a hundred meters further from the street. The bullet caused serious injuries and after losing much blood, he died of his wounds in the hospital during surgery.

In addition to Ba, at least four people were shot and wounded at that scene. In the same area a building was hit by the bullets of the security forces when they were responding to the demonstrations.

Koudedja Doucour, a 22-year old woman was wounded by a bullet to the chest when she went to her window to inquire about the commotion. Amnesty International obtained pictures of bullet impact on the windows and walls of a building next to where security forces were positioned.

Journalists also came under attack during the protests.

Accordingtoonejournalist, police officers prevented him from doing his job while he was capturing the evidence of the ill-treatment of three youngsters on 11 July. He told Amnesty International that when he refused to hand over his cellphone, policemen started beating him with a baton on his head, back and hips. They forcefully took his cellphone, deleted all evidence of their conduct, accused him of being a member of the M5-RFP, before eventually letting him go with his cellphone.

The UN Human Rights Committee states that peaceful assemblies can play a critical role in allowing participants to advance ideas and aspirational goals in the public domain, and to establish the extent of support for or opposition to those ideas and goals. Where they are used to air grievances, peaceful assemblies may create opportunities for inclusive, participatory and peaceful resolution of differences. A failure to respect and ensure the right of peaceful assembly is typically a marker of repression.

The freedom of peaceful assembly must be respected by the authorities and it is outrageous that security forces, including special forces, fired live bullets at the demonstrators. No citizen deserves to die for expressing their opinion, or for denouncing the poor governance of their own country.

The lethal use of force by the security forces must be investigated. Protesters and their families deserve to know who gave the license for the security forces to fire at them and their relatives, and there cannot be any credible solution to the political crisis if human rights are not respected and justice is not delivered, said Ousmane Diallo.

The freedom of peaceful assembly must be respected by the authorities and it is outrageous that security forces, including special forces, fired live bullets at the demonstrators. No citizen deserves to die for expressing their opinion, or for denouncing the poor governance of their own country.

Originally posted here:

Mali: New witness testimony reveals horrors of protest shootings - Amnesty International

Book review: There’s so much more to the beautiful wood duck – PostBulletin.com

That's pretty much a given among bird lovers, and that alone makes this duck so appreciated.

But there is so much more to the wood duck. For example, they are the only ones on the continent to be members of their genus; they have an unusually large tail for a waterfowl; they helped defeat German U-boats in World War I; and the species that was once given up as lost has staged a momentous comeback.

Greg Hoch gives us that whole picture and more in his new book With Wings Extended: A Leap Into the Wood Duck's World. Its a true treat to read in this often dark time of coronavirus and roiling politics. Its a success story that shows we can help endangered species.

The author is a Minnesota Department of Natural Resources prairie habitat supervisor and author of books on the greater prairie chicken and woodcock. In his third book, he brings us into the world of a duck we have been seeing more and more around here, and which hunters relish putting in the bag. In some states, its the most common duck shot.

He mostly uses research from many other sources, some going back to the 1800s; the bibliography covers 18 pages.

Here are some things Hoch found through his research:

He encourages people to get involved, often by making boxes. That might be one of the great benefits of the book it not only lays out the past problems, but also ways people can help today. We can do it by ourselves or in civic and scout groups.

It cant stop there, however, Hoch writes. If nest boxes are a gateway, the gateway must lead to other involvement.

That could be recording how many birds are fledged, funding conservation groups, talking with politicians, or volunteering to help wildlife agencies.

Wood ducks allow us into their lives as few other wildlife and almost no other duck allow, he writes.

The ducks will live close to people, often in towns or next to homes, when nesting. But their living habitat tends to be messy, swampy, buggy and muddy, so be prepared to get wet.

Hoch concludes: Go find the place where your wood duck drake rests in his beauty.

See more here:

Book review: There's so much more to the beautiful wood duck - PostBulletin.com

Hellboy: The Roleplaying Game Heads to Kickstarter | CBR – CBR – Comic Book Resources

A Kickstarter for Hellboy: The Roleplaying Game will officially launch this summer with Mantic Games, Dark Horse Comics and Mike Mignola.

A crowdfunding campaignfor Hellboy: The Roleplaying Gamewill officially launch this summer.

Mantic Games, Dark Horse Comics and Hellboy creatorMike Mignolaare teaming up to bring this new game --powered by the world's most popular RPG ruleset, Fifth Edition-- to life through Kickstarter. Within it, players are able to explore theHellboy and B.P.R.D. universe in new and exciting ways. Stepping into the life of a B.P.R.D. agent, players can become "a field researcher skilled in the study of the occult, a hard-nosed B.P.R.D. security agent, a rookie with hidden supernatural powers" and more.Whatever persona they choose, they can dive into their own adventures, whether they are one-shot stories or drawn-out chronicles.

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"We cant wait to bring Hellboy back to Kickstarter," Mantic Games CEO Ronnie Renton said in a statement. "The roleplaying game is going to be a fantastic new way to experience Hellboy on the tabletop. The team at Red Scar has done an amazing job of capturing the feel of the Hellboy universe. Plus, your miniatures from Hellboy: The Board Game will be compatible with the RPG, which will bring a whole new lease of life to your awesome mini collection."

Once the Kickstarter is available, fans will be able to test the game, which will include six pre-generated characters, the rules to play and an adventure based on theHellboycomics.

This is not the first time Mantic Games has used Kickstarter for aHellboythemed game. In 2018,Hellboy: The Board Game raised almost$2million during its campaign and has since been made available in multiple languages.

Red Scar Publishing is developingHellboy: The Roleplaying Game with Ennie Award-winning writer and game developer MarcLangworthy taking the lead. Langworthy is known for hiswork onMutant Chronicles 3rd Edition Roleplaying Game,Judge Dredd & The Worlds of 2000 AD Roleplaying Gameand the Conan: Adventures in An Age Undreamed Of Roleplaying Game.

KEEP READING: Mike Mignola Issues Statement on Scott Allie Sexual Assault Allegations

Pokmon: The Series Needs More Rivals Like Gold & Silver's

Nicole is a reader, writer, pop culture lover hailing from Anaheim, CA. She has been published in Locale Magazine, for both their web and print issues. For Locale, she has covered many events, including conventions, concerts, and even at Disneyland! She is a recent MFA graduate from CSULB and hopes to expand her thesis into a full length novel.

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Hellboy: The Roleplaying Game Heads to Kickstarter | CBR - CBR - Comic Book Resources

Red hair – Wikipedia

Hair color

Red hair (or ginger hair) occurs naturally in one to two percent of the human population, appearing with greater frequency (two to six percent) among people of Northern or Northwestern European ancestry and lesser frequency in other populations. It is most common in individuals homozygous for a recessive allele on chromosome 16 that produces an altered version of the MC1R protein.[1]

Red hair varies in hue from a deep burgundy or bright copper, or auburn, to burnt orange or red-orange to strawberry blond. Characterized by high levels of the reddish pigment pheomelanin and relatively low levels of the dark pigment eumelanin, it is associated with fair skin color, lighter eye color, freckles, and sensitivity to ultraviolet light.[2]

Cultural reactions to red hair have varied from ridicule to admiration with many common stereotypes in existence regarding redheads. The term redhead has been in use since at least 1510.[3]

Red hair is most commonly found at the northern and western fringes of Europe;[4] it is centred around populations in the British Isles and is particularly associated with the Celtic nations.[4]

Ireland has the highest number of red-haired people per capita in the world with the percentage of those with red hair at around 10%.[5]

Great Britain also has a high percentage of people with red hair. In Scotland around 6% of the population has red hair; with the highest concentration of red head carriers in the world found in Edinburgh, making it the red head capital of the world.[6][7] In 1907, the largest ever study of hair colour in Scotland, which analysed over 500,000 people, found the percentage of Scots with red hair to be 5.3%.[8] A 1956 study of hair colour among British Army recruits also found high levels of red hair in Wales and in the Scottish border counties of England.[fn 1][9]

In Italy, red hair is found at a frequency of 0.57% of the total population, without variation in frequency across the different regions of the country.[10] In Sardinia, red hair is found at a frequency of 0.24% of the population.[10] Victorian era ethnographers considered the Udmurt people of the Volga Region in Russia to be "the most red-headed men in the world".[11] The Volga region still has one of the highest percentages of redheaded people.[12]

Red hair is also found amongst the Ashkenazi Jewish populations.[13] In 1903, 5.6% of Polish Jews had red hair.[14] Other studies have found that 3.69% of Jewish women overall were found to have red hair, but around 10.9% of all Jewish men have red beards.[15] In European culture, before the 20th century, red hair was often seen as a stereotypically Jewish trait: during the Spanish Inquisition, all those with red hair were identified as Jewish.[16] In Italy, red hair was associated with Italian Jews, and Judas was traditionally depicted as red-haired in Italian and Spanish art.[17] The stereotype that red hair is Jewish remains in parts of Eastern Europe and Russia.[18]

The Berber populations of Morocco[19] and northern Algeria have occasional redheads. Red hair frequency is especially significant among the Riffians from Morocco and Kabyles from Algeria,[20][21][22] respectively. The Queen of Morocco, Lalla Salma wife of king Mohammed VI, has red hair. Abd ar-Rahman I, founding emir of Crdoba, also had red hair, his mother being a Christian Berber slave.

In Asia, red hair can be found among some peoples of Arab, Iranian, Mongolian, Turkic, Miao and Hmong descent.

Ancient human remains, in a state of excellent preservation, have been discovered in various parts of Asia. These include the famous Tarim mummies of Xinjiang, China, some of whom had red and reddish-brown hair.[23] Several preserved samples of human hair have been obtained from an Iron Age cemetery in Khakassia, South Siberia. Many of the hair samples appear red in color, and one skull from the cemetery had a preserved red moustache.[24]

In the Book of Wei, Chinese author Wei Shou notes that Liu Yuan was over 6 feet tall and had red strain on his long beard.[25]

There are other examples of red hair among early Turkic people. Muqan Qaghan, the third Qaghan of the Turkic Khaganate, was said to have red hair and blue eyes.[26]

In Chinese sources, ancient Kyrgyz people were described as fair-skinned, green- or blue-eyed and red-haired people with a mixture of European and East Asian features.[27]

The Kipchak people were a Turkic ethnic group from central Asia who served in the Golden Horde military forces after being conquered by the Mongols. In the Chinese historical document 'Kang mu', the Kipchak people are described as red haired and blue eyed.[28]

The ethnic Miao people of China are recorded with red hair. According to F.M Savina of the Paris Foreign missionary society the appearance of the Miao were are pale yellow in their skin complexion, almost white, their hair color often being light or dark brown, sometimes even red or corn-silk blond, and a few of them even have pale blue eyes.[29]

A phenotype study of Hmong People show they are sometimes born with red hair.[30]

Emigration from Europe has multiplied the population of red haired humans in the Americas, Australia, New Zealand and South Africa.

Several accounts by Greek writers mention redheaded people. A fragment by the poet Xenophanes describes the Thracians as blue-eyed and red-haired.[32] The ancient peoples Budini and Sarmatians are also reported by Greek author to be blue-eyed and red-haired, and the latter even owe their names to it.[33][34]

In Asia, red hair has been found among the ancient Tocharians, who occupied the Tarim Basin in what is now the northwesternmost province of China. Caucasian Tarim mummies have been found with red hair dating to the 2nd millennium BC.[35]

Reddish-brown (auburn) hair is also found amongst some Polynesians, and is especially common in some tribes and family groups. In Polynesian culture reddish hair has traditionally been seen as a sign of descent from high-ranking ancestors and a mark of rulership.[36][37]

The pigment pheomelanin gives red hair its distinctive color. Red hair has far more of the pigment pheomelanin than it has of the dark pigment eumelanin.

The genetics of red hair appear to be associated with the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R), which is found on chromosome 16. Eighty percent of redheads have an MC1R gene variant.[2]

Red hair is associated with fair skin color because low concentrations of eumelanin throughout the body of those with red hair caused by a MC1R mutation can cause both. The lower melanin concentration in skin confers the advantage that a sufficient concentration of important Vitamin D can be produced under low light conditions. However, when UV-radiation is strong (as in regions close to the equator) the lower concentration of melanin leads to several medical disadvantages, such as a higher risk of skin cancer. The MC1R variant gene that gives people red hair generally results in skin that is difficult or impossible to tan. Because of the natural tanning reaction to the sun's ultraviolet light and high amounts of pheomelanin in the skin, freckles are a common but not universal feature of red-haired people.

Red hair can originate from several changes on the MC1R-gene. If one of these changes is present on both chromosomes then the respective individual is likely to have red hair. This type of inheritance is described as an autosomal recessive. Even if both parents do not have red hair themselves, both can be carriers for the gene and have a redheaded child.

Genetic studies of dizygotic (fraternal) twins indicate that the MC1R gene is not solely responsible for the red hair phenotype; unidentified modifier genes exist, making variance in the MC1R gene necessary, but not sufficient, for red hair production.[38]

The alleles Arg151Cys, Arg160Trp, Asp294His, and Arg142His on MC1R are shown to be recessives for the red hair phenotype.[39] The gene HCL2 (also called RHC or RHA) on chromosome 4 may also be related to red hair.[40][41] There are 8 genetic differences associated with red hair color.[42]

In species other than primates, red hair has different genetic origins and mechanisms.

Red hair is the rarest natural hair color in humans. The non-tanning skin associated with red hair may have been advantageous in far-northern climates where sunlight is scarce. Studies by Bodmer and Cavalli-Sforza (1976) hypothesized that lighter skin pigmentation prevents rickets in colder climates by encouraging higher levels of vitamin D production and also allows the individual to retain heat better than someone with darker skin.[43] In 2000, Harding et al. concluded that red hair is not the result of positive selection but of a lack of negative selection. In Africa, for example, red hair is selected against because high levels of sun harm pale skin. However, in Northern Europe this does not happen, so redheads can become more common through genetic drift.[39]

Estimates on the original occurrence of the currently active gene for red hair vary from 20,000 to 100,000 years ago.[44][45]

A DNA study has concluded that some Neanderthals also had red hair, although the mutation responsible for this differs from that which causes red hair in modern humans.[46]

A 2007 report in The Courier-Mail, which cited the National Geographic magazine and unnamed "geneticists", said that red hair is likely to die out in the near future.[47] Other blogs and news sources ran similar stories that attributed the research to the magazine or the "Oxford Hair Foundation". However, a HowStuffWorks article says that the foundation was funded by hair-dye maker Procter & Gamble, and that other experts had dismissed the research as either lacking in evidence or simply bogus. The National Geographic article in fact states "while redheads may decline, the potential for red isn't going away".[48]

Red hair is caused by a relatively rare recessive allele (variant of a gene), the expression of which can skip generations. It is not likely to disappear at any time in the foreseeable future.[48]

Melanin in the skin aids UV tolerance through suntanning, but fair-skinned persons lack the levels of melanin needed to prevent UV-induced DNA-damage. Studies have shown that red hair alleles in MC1R increase freckling and decrease tanning ability.[49] It has been found that Europeans who are heterozygous for red hair exhibit increased sensitivity to UV radiation.[50]

Red hair and its relationship to UV sensitivity are of interest to many melanoma researchers. Sunshine can both be good and bad for a person's health and the different alleles on MC1R represent these adaptations. It also has been shown that individuals with pale skin are highly susceptible to a variety of skin cancers such as melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma.[51][52]

Two studies have demonstrated that people with red hair have different sensitivity to pain compared to people with other hair colors. One study found that people with red hair are more sensitive to thermal pain (associated with naturally occurring low vitamin K levels),[53] while another study concluded that redheads are less sensitive to pain from multiple modalities, including noxious stimuli such as electrically induced pain.[54][55][56]

Researchers have found that people with red hair require greater amounts of anesthetic.[57] Other research publications have concluded that women with naturally red hair require less of the painkiller pentazocine than do either women of other hair colors or men of any hair color. A study showed women with red hair had a greater analgesic response to that particular pain medication than men.[58] A follow-up study by the same group showed that men and women with red hair had a greater analgesic response to morphine-6-glucuronide.[56]

The unexpected relationship of hair color to pain tolerance appears to exist because redheads have a mutation in a hormone receptor that can apparently respond to at least two types of hormones: the pigmentation-driving melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH), and the pain-relieving endorphins. (Both derive from the same precursor molecule, POMC, and are structurally similar.) Specifically, redheads have a mutated melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene that produces an altered receptor for MSH.[59] Melanocytes, the cells that produce pigment in skin and hair, use the MC1R to recognize and respond to MSH from the anterior pituitary gland. Melanocyte-stimulating hormone normally stimulates melanocytes to make black eumelanin, but if the melanocytes have a mutated receptor, they will make reddish pheomelanin instead. MC1R also occurs in the brain, where it is one of a large set of POMC-related receptors that are apparently involved not only in responding to MSH, but also in responses to endorphins and possibly other POMC-derived hormones.[59] Though the details are not clearly understood, it appears that there is some crosstalk between the POMC hormones; this may explain the link between red hair and pain tolerance.

There is little or no evidence to support the belief that people with red hair have a higher chance than people with other hair colors to hemorrhage or suffer other bleeding complications.[60][61] One study, however, reports a link between red hair and a higher rate of bruising.[61]

Most red hair is caused by the MC1R gene and is non-pathological. However, in rare cases red hair can be associated with disease or genetic disorder:

In various times and cultures, red hair has been prized, feared, and ridiculed.

A common belief about redheads is that they have fiery tempers and sharp tongues. In Anne of Green Gables, a character says of Anne Shirley, the redheaded heroine, that "her temper matches her hair", while in The Catcher in the Rye, Holden Caulfield remarks that "People with red hair are supposed to get mad very easily, but Allie [his dead brother] never did, and he had very red hair."

During the early stages of modern medicine, red hair was thought to be a sign of a sanguine temperament.[66] In the Indian medicinal practice of Ayurveda, redheads are seen as most likely to have a Pitta temperament.

Another belief is that redheads are highly sexed; for example, Jonathan Swift satirizes redhead stereotypes in part four of Gulliver's Travels, "A Voyage to the Country of the Houyhnhnms," when he writes that: "It is observed that the red-haired of both sexes are more libidinous and mischievous than the rest, whom yet they much exceed in strength and activity." Swift goes on to write that "neither was the hair of this brute [a Yahoo] of a red colour (which might have been some excuse for an appetite a little irregular) but black as a sloe".[67] Such beliefs were given a veneer of scientific credibility in the 19th century by Cesare Lombroso and Guglielmo Ferrero. They concluded that red hair was associated with crimes of lust, and claimed that 48% of "criminal women" were redheads.[68]

Queen Elizabeth I of England was a redhead, and during the Elizabethan era in England, red hair was fashionable for women. In modern times, red hair is subject to fashion trends; celebrities such as Nicole Kidman, Alyson Hannigan, Marcia Cross, Christina Hendricks, Emma Stone and Geri Halliwell can boost sales of red hair dye.[citation needed]

Sometimes, red hair darkens as people get older, becoming a more brownish color or losing some of its vividness. This leads some to associate red hair with youthfulness, a quality that is generally considered desirable. In several countries such as India, Iran, Bangladesh and Pakistan, henna and saffron are used on hair to give it a bright red appearance.[69]

Many painters have exhibited a fascination with red hair. The hair color "Titian" takes its name from the artist Titian, who often painted women with red hair. Early Renaissance artist Sandro Botticelli's famous painting The Birth of Venus depicts the mythological goddess Venus as a redhead. Other painters notable for their redheads include the Pre-Raphaelites, Edmund Leighton, Modigliani,[70] and Gustav Klimt.[71]

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes story "The Red-Headed League" (1891) involves a man who is asked to become a member of a mysterious group of red-headed people. The 1943 film DuBarry Was a Lady featured red-heads Lucille Ball and Red Skelton in Technicolor.

Notable fictional characters with red hair includes Jean Grey, Red Sonja, Mystique, and Poison Ivy.[72]

Red hair was thought to be a mark of a beastly sexual desire and moral degeneration. A savage red-haired man is portrayed in the fable by Grimm brothers (Der Eisenhans) as the spirit of the forest of iron. Theophilus Presbyter describes how the blood of a red-haired young man is necessary to create gold from copper, in a mixture with the ashes of a basilisk.[73]

Montague Summers, in his translation of the Malleus Maleficarum,[74] notes that red hair and green eyes were thought to be the sign of a witch, a werewolf or a vampire during the Middle Ages;

Those whose hair is red, of a certain peculiar shade, are unmistakably vampires. It is significant that in ancient Egypt, as Manetho tells us, human sacrifices were offered at the grave of Osiris, and the victims were red-haired men who were burned, their ashes being scattered far and wide by winnowing-fans. It is held by some authorities that this was done to fertilize the fields and produce a bounteous harvest, red-hair symbolizing the golden wealth of the corn. But these men were called Typhonians, and were representatives not of Osiris but of his evil rival Typhon, whose hair was red.

During the Spanish Inquisition, people of red hair were identified as Jewish and isolated for persecution.[16] In Medieval Italy and Spain, red hair was associated with the heretical nature of Jews and their rejection of Jesus, and thus Judas Iscariot was commonly depicted as red-haired in Italian and Spanish art.[17] Writers from Shakespeare to Dickens would identify Jewish characters by giving them red hair, with red-hair being given by the authors to villainous Jewish characters such as Shylock and Fagin.[75] The antisemitic association persisted into modern times in Soviet Russia.[18] The medieval prejudice against red-hair may have derived from the Ancient biblical tradition, in relation to biblical figures such as Esau and King David. The Ancient historian Josephus would mistranslate the Hebrew Torah to describe the more positive figure of King David as 'golden haired', in contrast to the negative figure of Esau, even though the original Hebrew Torah implies that both King David and Esau had 'fiery red hair'.[76]

In his 1885 book I Say No, Wilkie Collins wrote "The prejudice against habitual silence, among the lower order of the people, is almost as inveterate as the prejudice against red hair."

In his 1895 memoir and history The Gurneys of Earlham, Augustus John Cuthbert Hare described an incident of harassment:"The second son, John, was born in 1750. As a boy he had bright red hair, and it is amusingly recorded that one day in the streets of Norwich a number of boys followed him, pointing to his red locks and saying, "Look at that boy; he's got a bonfire on the top of his head," and that John Gurney was so disgusted that he went to a barber's, had his head shaved, and went home in a wig. He grew up, however, a remarkably attractive-looking young man."[77]

In British English, the word "ginger" is sometimes used to describe red-headed people (at times in an insulting manner),[78] with terms such as "gingerphobia"[79] and "gingerism"[80] used by the British media. In Britain, redheads are also sometimes referred to disparagingly as "carrot tops" and "carrot heads". (The comedian "Carrot Top" uses this stage name.) "Gingerism" has been compared to racism, although this is widely disputed, and bodies such as the UK Commission for Racial Equality do not monitor cases of discrimination and hate crimes against redheads.[80]

Nonetheless, individuals and families in Britain are targeted for harassment and violence because of their hair colour. In 2003, a 20-year-old was stabbed in the back for "being ginger".[81] In 2007, a UK woman won an award from a tribunal after being sexually harassed and receiving abuse because of her red hair;[82] in the same year, a family in Newcastle upon Tyne, was forced to move twice after being targeted for abuse and hate crime on account of their red hair.[83] In May 2009, a schoolboy committed suicide after being bullied for having red hair.[84] In 2013, a fourteen-year-old boy in Lincoln had his right arm broken and his head stamped on by three men who attacked him "just because he had red hair". The three men were subsequently jailed for a combined total of ten years and one month for the attack.[85] A possible fringe theory explaining the historical and modern mistreatment of red-heads supposedly stems from Roman subjugation and consequent persecution of Celtic Nations when arriving in the British Isles.

This prejudice has been satirised on a number of TV shows. English comedian Catherine Tate (herself a redhead) appeared as a red-haired character in a running sketch of her series The Catherine Tate Show. The sketch saw fictional character Sandra Kemp, who was forced to seek solace in a refuge for ginger people because she had been ostracised from society.[86] The British comedy Bo' Selecta! (starring redhead Leigh Francis) featured a spoof documentary which involved a caricature of Mick Hucknall presenting a show in which celebrities (played by themselves) dyed their hair red for a day and went about daily life being insulted by people.(Hucknall, who says that he has repeatedly faced prejudice or been described as ugly on account of his hair colour, argues that Gingerism should be described as a form of racism.[87]) Comedian Tim Minchin, himself a redhead, also covered the topic in his song "Prejudice".[88]

The pejorative use of the word "ginger" and related discrimination was used to illustrate a point about racism and prejudice in the "Ginger Kids", "Le Petit Tourette", "It's a Jersey Thing" and "Fatbeard" episodes of South Park.

Film and television programmes often portray school bullies as having red hair.[89] However, children with red hair are often themselves targeted by bullies; "Somebody with ginger hair will stand out from the crowd," says anti-bullying expert Louise Burfitt-Dons.[90]

In Australian slang, redheads are often nicknamed "Blue" or "Bluey".[91] More recently, they have been referred to as "rangas" (a word derived from the red-haired ape, the orangutan), sometimes with derogatory connotations.[92] The word "rufus" has been used in both Australian and British slang to refer to red-headed people;[93] based on a variant of rufous, a reddish-brown color.

In November 2008 social networking website Facebook received criticism after a 'Kick a Ginger' group, which aimed to establish a "National Kick a Ginger Day" on 20 November, acquired almost 5,000 members. A 14-year-old boy from Vancouver who ran the Facebook group was subjected to an investigation by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police for possible hate crimes.[94]

In December 2009 British supermarket chain Tesco withdrew a Christmas card which had the image of a child with red hair sitting on the lap of Father Christmas, and the words: "Santa loves all kids. Even ginger ones" after customers complained the card was offensive.[95]

In October 2010, Harriet Harman, the former Equality Minister in the British government under Labour, faced accusations of prejudice after she described the red-haired Treasury secretary Danny Alexander as a "ginger rodent".[96] Alexander responded to the insult by stating that he was "proud to be ginger".[97] Harman was subsequently forced to apologise for the comment, after facing criticism for prejudice against a minority group.[98]

In September 2011, Cryos International, one of the world's largest sperm banks, announced that it would no longer accept donations from red-haired men due to low demand from women seeking artificial insemination.[99]

The term ang mo (Chinese: ; pinyin: hng mo; Peh-e-j: ng-mo) in Hokkien (Min Nan) Chinese, meaning "red-haired",[100] is used in Malaysia and Singapore, although it refers to all white people, never exclusively people with red hair. The epithet is sometimes rendered as ang mo kui () meaning "red-haired devil", similar to the Cantonese term gweilo ("foreign devil"). Thus it is viewed as racist and derogatory by some people.[101] Others, however, maintain it is acceptable.[102] Despite this ambiguity, it is a widely used term. It appears, for instance, in Singaporean newspapers such as The Straits Times,[103] and in television programmes and films.

The Chinese characters for ang mo are the same as those in the historical Japanese term Km (), which was used during the Edo period (16031868) as an epithet for Dutch or Northern European people. It primarily referred to Dutch traders who were the only Europeans allowed to trade with Japan during Sakoku, its 200-year period of isolation.[104]

The mainly masculine given name Rory - a name of Goidelic origin, which is an anglicisation of the Irish: Ruair/Ruaidhr/Ruaidhrgh/Raidhrgh, Scottish Gaelic: Ruairidh and Manx: Rauree[105] which is common to the Irish, Highland Scots and their diasporas[106] - means "red-haired king", from ruadh ("red-haired" or "rusty") and rgh ("king"). However, present bearers of the name are by no means all red-haired themeselves.

There has been an annual Redhead Day festival in the Netherlands that attracts red-haired participants from around the world. The festival was held in Breda, a city in the south east of the Netherlands, prior to 2019, when it moved to Tilburg.[107] It attracts participants from over 80 different countries. The international event began in 2005, when Dutch painter Bart Rouwenhorst decided he wanted to paint 15 redheads.

The Irish Redhead Convention, held in late August in County Cork since 2011, claims to be a global celebration and attracts people from several continents. The celebrations include crowning the ginger King and Queen, competitions for the best red eyebrows and most freckles per square inch, orchestral concerts and carrot throwing competitions.[108]

A smaller red-hair day festival is held since 2013 by the UK's anti bullying alliance in London, with the aim of instilling pride in having red-hair.[109]

Since 2014, a red-hair event is held in Israel, at Kibbutz Gezer (Carrot), held for the local Israeli red hair community,[110] including both Ashkenazi and Mizrahi red-heads.[111] However, the number of attendees has to be restricted due to the risk of rocket attacks, leading to anger in the red-hair community.[112] The organizers state; "The event is a good thing for many redheads, who had been embarrassed about being redheads before."[112]

The first and only festival for red heads in the United States was launched in 2015. Held in Highwood, Illinois, Redhead Days draws participants from across the United States.[113]

A festival to celebrate the red-haired people is held annually in Izhevsk (Russia), the capital of Udmurtia, since 2004.[114]

MC1R Magazine is a publication for red-haired people worldwide, based in Hamburg, Germany.[115]

In ancient Egypt red hair was associated with the deity Set and Ramesses II had it.[116]

In the Iliad, Achilles' hair is described as ksanths ([117]), usually translated as blonde, or golden[118] but sometimes as red or tawny.[119][120] His son Neoptolemus also bears the name Pyrrhus, a possible reference to his own red hair.[121]

The Norse god Thor is usually described as having red hair.[122]

The Hebrew word usually translated "ruddy" or "reddish-brown" (admoni , from the root ADM , see also Adam and Edom)[123][124][125] was used to describe both Esau and David.

Early artistic representations of Mary Magdalene usually depict her as having long flowing red hair, although a description of her hair color was never mentioned in the Bible, and it is possible the color is an effect caused by pigment degradation in the ancient paint.

Judas Iscariot is also represented with red hair in Spanish culture[126][127] and in the works of William Shakespeare,[128] reinforcing the negative stereotype.

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Red hair - Wikipedia

What birds have red heads? 17 kinds with photos! – What …

You saw a striking bird with a red head, did you? You wonder what it is. That shouldn't be too hard to figure out, should it? How many kinds of birds with red heads could there possibly be?

In the United States and Canada there are many birds with either fully or partially red heads. Sometimes there is just a touch of red. Sometimes the entire bird is mostly red. Sometimes the red color is more orange, sometimes it is more pink. The list of birds with red heads includes these:

House Finch

Photo by Greg Gillson

House Finches are found in residential areas, towns, farms throughout the United States. They are only missing from the grasslands of the Great Plains and from most of Florida. They barely reach southern Canada. They are residents, meaning they don't migrate for the most part, rather stay year-round in the same area.

They give chirping calls and sing throughout the year with a wiry warble with scratchy notes at the end.

Purple Finch

Photo by Greg Gillson

Purple Finches live in damper woods. They are found in summer across southern Canada, barely reaching the northern tier of the United States in the Midwest and New England states. They are also found in the mountains of the West, clear south to southern California. In winter they move out of Canada and are found throughout the Eastern US.

They have a rollicking warbled song with three identical quick rolling phrases, ending with two short notes, without the harsh ending noted of House Finches. I think the song sounds like "hurry little, hurry little, hurry little, hup! hup!" They also give a sharp "plic!" call in flight.

They may visit your seed feeder in winter.

Cassin's Finch

Photo by Greg Gillson

Males are very softly brushed with pink. The crown of the head is the brightest red. Note a thin white eye ring and deeply forked tail.

As with most finches they eat mostly seeds.

They give a 3-part call "tee-dee-yip" call and have a long song. The song lacks the harsh notes of House Finch and is less structured than Purple Finch.

Red Crossbill

Photo by Greg Gillson

Crossbills sometimes irrupt in winter, moving in huge numbers from one area to another as the cone crops fail or are abundant locally. They may show up at backyard feeders well outside or south of their typical range, but mostly feed on pine cone seeds.

Males are red; females are yellowish. Birds with large crossed bills feed on the seeds of big pine cones. Birds with dainty bills feed on tiny soft spruce cones.

More than 10 forms of Red Crossbills have been "discovered" recently. They all have different songs and call notes. They have different size of bills and tend to feed on the cone seeds of different species of conifers. But they overlap in range in a confusing manner that scientists are still trying to figure out.

Red Crossbills have a warbling song similar to the finches above and give a doubled "kip-kip" or "jiff-jiff" call.

Pine Grosbeak

Photo by Greg Gillson

Different forms show quite a bit of variation in the amount of coloring--red on males, yellow on females. Otherwise they are about 9 inches long, plump, with two white wing bars, a heavy black conical bill and forked tail.

They eat seeds, fruit and buds in winter. They are especially fond of the fruit clusters of mountain ash trees.

They sing a warbling song and give a flight call of "pui pui pui."

Males are brilliant red throughout with a black face and bib. Females are buffier and duller, but still show some red.

Cardinals eat insects, fruit, and seeds. They readily come to backyard feeders and eat a wide variety of seeds and other bird foods.

Both sexes sing nearly year-round. Common whistled phrases include "cheery cheery cheery."

This species is found from Texas to Arizona and south into Mexico. They live in mesquite thickets and other thorny brush.

Pyrrhuloxias feed on the ground and eat weed seeds and other hard seeds.

They sing a liquid whistles song and have a metallic "chink" call.

Summer Tanager

Photo by Greg Gillson

These birds are found in pine-oak woods in the East, but in cottonwoods in the West (see photo above).

They are found in the East from about Virginia to Iowa and south, west from Texas to southern California and into Mexico. They migrate out of the US in winter, except for a few in southern coastal regions from Florida to Texas and southern California.

They sing robin-like phrases and give a "ki-ti-tuk" call.

Scarlet Tanager

Image by Steve Maslowski, Fish & Wildlife Service. Public domain.

They summer in deciduous woods in the eastern United States and migrate south out of the country in winter.

They sing hoarse robin-like phrases. Call is "chip-burr."

Western Tanager

Photo by Greg Gillson

They are found in the West, from northern Canada barely to Mexico in summer. They winter in Middle America.

These tanagers may appear in fall at backyard bird feeders. But as with all the tanagers, may be attracted to birdbaths and fountains year-round.

They sing a hoarse robin-like song and have clicking calls "pit-er-ick."

Vermilion Flycatcher

Photo by Greg Gillson

Even though they are desert birds they are usually found near stream sides. Typical manmade habitats they favor include golf courses, ball fields, cemeteries.

In breeding season the males sing their song in a fluttery display flight "pi-a-see pit-a-see."

Red-headed Woodpecker

Image by unknown. Public Domain. From Pixabay.

They require trees big enough to drill their nest holes, and away from competition for those holes with European Starlings.

They eat flying insects they catch in the air or find other invertebrate prey, nuts, and seeds on the ground.

Their call is a soft rattle.

Red-breasted Sapsucker

Photo by Greg Gillson

They drill tiny rows of sap wells in trees and then visit them to drink the sap and eat any insects that were trapped in the sticky sap.

They aren't very active, but give themselves away by their periodic wheezy descending calls.

Pileated Woodpecker

Photo by Greg Gillson

They prefer mature forests and deep woodlands, both deciduous and conifer. They drill huge square holes in dead stumps and downed trees to excavate carpenter ants for food. They are one of only a few woodpeckers that will drill their nest cavities into firm live trees.

The loud wild call is a sign you are in the wilderness forests, a ringing "kik-kik, kik-kik, kik."

They readily come to backyard bird feeders. They eat suet, peanuts, and sometimes sunflower seeds. Their "wild" food consists of beetles, grasshoppers, and ants.

A common call is a rolling "churr."

Acorn Woodpecker

Photo by Greg Gillson

They are found wherever there are groves of large oak trees, including pine-oak woodlands.

They live in large family groups and small colonies where they collect and store acorns tightly into the bark of trees. As the acorns dry they shrink and may fall out. So they are constantly testing the fit and moving acorns into better-sized holes. Granary trees can contain many thousands of acorns. They eat these acorns in winter. They also eat insects, frequently flying insects they catch in the air.

These are social and noisy birds, constantly calling "Whack-up! Whack-up!"

Downy Woodpecker

Photo by Greg Gillson

Only the males have a red spot on the back of the head. This is a frequent pattern for woodpeckers around the world. Only a few species have red heads, many types of larger woodpeckers do have red crests, though.

The bill is tiny on this bird compared to other woodpeckers. Thus they tend to pick for beetles, ants, and other bark insects, rather than drilling for food. They are especially fond of suet at backyard feeders.

They give a sharp "pik!" call and in spring "sing" a longer descending whinny call, composed of a very rapid series of those "pik!" calls.

Male hummingbirds have iridescent throats that show red, orange, purple, and pink highlights. There is only one species of hummingbird regularly found in the eastern United States. There are 6 species of hummingbirds throughout most of the western United States. Southeast Arizona, though, is the US capitol for hummingbirds. There are 15 species of hummingbirds that occur in the United States each year. Of the 130 species of hummingbirds in the world (only in the Americas), a total of about 26 have occurred north of Mexico.

Anna's Hummingbird

Photo by Greg Gillson

Anna's Hummingbirds are a common bird of California that have expanded in recent years into Oregon (even a few to SE Alaska) and Arizona. In winter they are found throughout the Baja peninsula and occasionally to Texas.

They eat flower nectar and insects they catch in flight or glean from plants. They take over hummingbird feeders but the tiny Rufous and Allen's Hummingbirds can sometimes stand up to these larger bullies.

Males in spring (winter even!) start singing a long buzzy insect-like refrain from an exposed perch.

What kind of birds have red eyes?

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What birds have red heads? 17 kinds with photos! - What ...

MLB Power Rankings – Our first impressions of all 30 teams – ESPN

But there's no need to be all doom and gloom. After all, there were actual Major League Baseball games! And with games come updated Power Rankings. We surveyed our group of reporters, analysts and editors after the first week and a half of the 60-game (we hope) season, with the results below. The biggest gainers from our preseason rankings are the Padres, who moved up eight spots to No. 11, and the Tigers, who are up five to No. 24. On the other end of the spectrum, the Reds, a trendy pick to sit atop the NL Central standings, dropped five spots, and the Mets, Angels, Diamondbacks and Pirates each fell four.

National baseball writer David Schoenfield offers his first impressions for every team along with the rankings.

Los Angeles Dodgers2020 record: 7-3Preseason ranking: 1

Let's see, Clayton Kershaw made his first start on Sunday, Walker Buehler has made one abbreviated outing, MVP Cody Bellinger is off to a terrible start and didn't hit his first home run until Sunday, Joc Pederson and Justin Turner haven't homered, Will Smith is struggling ... and the Dodgers still have the best run differential in the majors.

ICYMI: Eight games?!? Breaking down Joe Kelly's suspension

New York Yankees2020 record: 7-1Preseason ranking: 2

The offense looks every bit as formidable as predicted, especially with Aaron Judge and Giancarlo Stanton looking healthy and locked in. Aroldis Chapman has finally been cleared to pitch, but Tommy Kahnle appears headed for Tommy John surgery, so the bullpen depth will be tested.

ICYMI: Stanton says players united to bring hope, power

Minnesota Twins2020 record: 7-2Preseason ranking: 5

Just like last year, the Twins are going to pound a gazillion home runs -- with ageless Nelson Cruz leading the way -- but some of the key bright spots early have been strong starts from Kenta Maeda and Rich Hill in the rotation and solid performances by the back of the bullpen. With so many teams struggling at closer, Taylor Rogers looks like one of the best in the business.

ICYMI: Twins should benefit from 60-game schedule

Houston Astros2020 record: 5-4Preseason ranking: 4

The Astros are relying on 13 rookies, including 10 pitchers, so there is certainly some concern about the quality and depth of the pitching staff, especially with Justin Verlander out for an indeterminate amount of time and closer Roberto Osuna on the injured list after hurting his arm Saturday. That leaves Ryan Pressly as the only healthy non-rookie in the bullpen.

ICYMI: Verlander injury a caution flag for Astros, MLB

Tampa Bay Rays2020 record: 4-6Preseason ranking: 3

The Rays can pitch, but the hope was that the offense would be greater than the sum of its parts. So far, that hasn't been the case, with half the lineup hitting under .200 and suffering an embarrassing sweep against the Orioles over the weekend. Getting Austin Meadows back this week from a positive COVID-19 test will help, and the Rays certainly have the pitching to go on a 10-2 spurt at any time, but we need to see more from the offense to think that they can compete with the Yankees in the AL East.

ICYMI: Is 2020 the year Tyler Glasnow breaks through?

Atlanta Braves2020 record: 7-3Preseason ranking: 6

Despite the record, it has been an uneven start for the Braves, with Ronald Acuna Jr.'s strikeout binge a troubling concern. Mike Soroka and Max Fried have both made two good starts, but the Braves are trying to figure out the rest of the rotation, with Mike Foltynewicz so bad in his one outing that he was designated for assignment and returned to the team's alternate training site to find his velocity.

ICYMI: Markakis opts back in, returns to Braves

Cleveland Indians2020 record: 5-5Preseason ranking: 9

We knew going in that Cleveland would have to rely on its starting rotation and hope to scrape out enough offense, and there has been no change to that assessment after 10 games. Shane Bieber has been the best starter in the majors through two starts, with no runs allowed and 27 strikeouts, trying Karl Spooner's MLB record for K's through two appearances. Zach Plesac also had an impressive first start, with 11 K's and no runs. The rotation will make the Indians a playoff team, but they'll need more than Francisco Lindor, Jose Ramirez and Carlos Santana to make a larger dent.

ICYMI: Is the Indians' window as contenders closed?

Oakland Athletics2020 record: 5-4Preseason ranking: 7

The offense is off to an abysmal start, and though there isn't any reason yet to be worried about the production from Matt Chapman, Matt Olson and Marcus Semien, Khris Davis is a concern after a poor 2019. We also haven't seen a major impact yet from rookies Jesus Luzardo, who is currently pitching out of the bullpen, and A.J. Puk, who is progressing through a throwing program at the team's alternate training site after shoulder problems.

ICYMI: Canha upped his cooking game during pandemic

Washington Nationals2020 record: 3-4Preseason ranking: 8

It's difficult to get a read on the Nationals, as Stephen Strasburg and Juan Soto have yet to play, and their weekend series against the Marlins was postponed. Soto will be ready when the Nationals return to action Tuesday. Strasburg should throw a bullpen early this week and remains on schedule to return soon. The defending champs will look a lot stronger with those two back in the fold.

ICYMI: Nats add Josh Harrison to roster

Chicago Cubs2020 record: 7-2Preseason ranking: 13

Is that Tyler Chatwood heading a rotation that has been stellar so far? Why, yes, as Chatwood has won both his starts, allowing just one run with 19 K's in 12 innings. The Cubs will need the rotation to be stellar because the bullpen looks like it could be a mess. You don't want to overreact to two outings, but Craig Kimbrel might be toast, having walked four batters and hit another in one appearance and allowed two home runs in the other after allowing nine home runs in 20 innings last year.

ICYMI: Bryant out with illness, negative for COVID

San Diego Padres2020 record: 6-4Preseason ranking: 19

The Padres are fun and exciting, though one of their early keys is something not quite as exciting as a Fernando Tatis Jr. home run: They're walking a lot more. Entering Sunday, the Padres had improved from 19th in the majors in walk rate to third. Surprisingly, the bullpen has struggled, with Drew Pomeranz getting a couple of saves over All-Star closer Kirby Yates. It's safe to wonder how long it'll be before we see MacKenzie Gore and Luis Patino up to help fortify the pitching staff, either in the rotation or in the pen.

Milwaukee Brewers2020 record: 3-3Week 23 ranking: 14

The big surprise before Milwaukee's weekend series against the Cardinals was postponed was Christian Yelich's awful start: 1-for-27 with one walk and 12 strikeouts. "You're going to see really good players have really bad years," Yelich said at the start of summer camp. Brewers fans can only hope he wasn't making a prediction for himself. Factor in that Lorenzo Cain just opted out of playing the remainder of the season, and now the Brewers will have to play Ben Gamel in center (or even Yelich, with Ryan Braun moving back to the outfield). Anyway, this isn't a great offense, even with an MVP-level Yelich. The pitching staff will have to carry the load.

ICYMI: Cain's choice to opt out

St. Louis Cardinals2020 record: 2-3Preseason ranking: 12

With a limited slate so far, the Cardinals have questions to answer about the state of their pitching staff -- at least other than Jack Flaherty. Carlos Martinez is back in the rotation, but he got rocked in his one start (3 innings, seven hits, two home runs). Miles Mikolas is out for the season after forearm surgery. There is flexibility here -- Kwang Hyun Kim, Austin Gomber and Daniel Ponce de Leon are all potential starters -- so Mike Shildt will have to figure out some roles.

ICYMI: Cardinals hit by more positive tests for COVID

New York Mets2020 record: 3-7Preseason ranking: 10

Well, it didn't take long for the Mets to start being the Mets. They blew a four-run lead in the eighth inning Friday against the Braves; last year, teams were 920-10 after leading by four or more runs after seven innings. Yoenis Cespedes disappeared Sunday and then opted out. Pete Alonso has one extra-base hit. The Mets had 10 hits and five walks on Sunday and still got shut out. It would seem that there's too much talent here for the Mets to be a 3-7 team, but they're 3-7.

ICYMI: Rojas mum on Diaz's status as closer

Chicago White Sox2020 record: 5-4Preseason ranking: 17

The Sox are living up to their billing as exciting -- and unpredictable. Rookie center fielder Luis Robert is a whirlwind of power and speed, Eloy Jimenez is likewise off to a strong start, and rookie second baseman Nick Madrigal had four hits Sunday in his third big league game. The Sox remain too free-swinging, however, to have an elite offense (28th in the majors in walk rate), which means the pitching will have to rise up. Losing shortstop Tim Anderson to the injured list because of a groin strain will hurt over the next 10 days as well.

ICYMI: Dazzling Robert could be MLB's next superstar

Cincinnati Reds2020 record: 4-5Preseason ranking: 11

The Reds were the cool kids' pick to win the NL Central, but they're off to a lethargic start. There are reasons to remain optimistic, though. The team's BABIP entering Sunday was .215, lowest in the majors. That will turn around. The Reds are second in the majors in walk rate, so they'll get on base (though Joey Votto just landed on the IL with virus symptoms). Sonny Gray has had two great starts, proving that his stellar 2019 was no fluke. The Reds have four games against Cleveland this week, so that BABIP bad luck had better turn around.

Philadelphia Phillies2020 record: 1-2Preseason ranking: 18

If we do get through the season, the Phillies will have a week of postponed games to make up, which means a string of doubleheaders and fewer off days, putting even more strain on a pitching staff that appears to lack depth. Aside from that, the offense wasn't that great last year, ranking eighth in the NL in runs. The Phillies still look like the fourth-best team in the NL East, but it isn't like the Braves, Nationals and Mets look like powerhouses.

Toronto Blue Jays2020 record: 3-4Preseason ranking: 21

Welcome to the Show, Nate Pearson. His debut was one of the early highlights of the season, as he lived up to his billing as a future ace, showcasing a blistering fastball, a terrific slider and the confidence to go with it. The Toronto lineup and bullpen have some issues, but the rotation could be very good, which makes the Blue Jays sleeper playoff contenders.

ICYMI: Jays schedule Buffalo 'home' debut on Aug. 11

Los Angeles Angels2020 record: 3-7Preseason ranking: 15

To be fair, the Angels haven't had their full lineup together except for a couple of games, as Anthony Rendon missed the start of the season, and then Mike Trout left on paternity leave. The bullpen is going to be an issue, and you wonder how long Joe Maddon will stick with Albert Pujols -- benching a player of his stature is no easy decision. Can the Angels scratch out a .500 season and make the playoffs? Sure, but this club hardly looks like a threat to the best teams in the AL.

ICYMI: Trout to return Tuesday

Arizona Diamondbacks2020 record: 3-7Preseason ranking: 16

Arizona looked like a solid playoff pick, but if the Padres and Rockies are better than anticipated, the D-backs' playoffs odds will take a significant hit, especially given that Robbie Ray and Luke Weaver have been terrible in two outings and the offense has been devoid of power. The bullpen, a problem last year, was a question heading into the season and remains so.

Colorado Rockies2020 record: 6-2Preseason ranking: 23

The pitching staff has carried Colorado to a nice start -- Kyle Freeland has looked more like the 2018 Freeland than the pitcher who posted a 6.73 ERA in 2019 -- and you wonder if the Rockies are the team most primed to benefit from the short season. Playing at altitude is always a fatigue factor over 162 games, and the lack of organizational pitching depth might not be as much of a problem over 60 games. Remember, as bad as the Rockies were last year, they were 31-29 through 60 games (and were 40-34 before collapsing).

Boston Red Sox2020 record: 3-7Preseason ranking: 20

Look, it's too early to pull the plug on the 2020 Red Sox, but with Eduardo Rodriguez out for the season, this rotation is a Jackson Pollock painting -- only without the supposed artistic value. One of the starters is Ryan Weber, who has seven walks and no strikeouts in two starts. Matt Hall had a 5.30 ERA last year -- at Toledo. Then there's the offense. Rafael Devers didn't log his first RBIs of the season until Sunday. Andrew Benintendi is walking but not hitting. J.D. Martinez hasn't homered. If there's ever a season to tank, this is probably it.

ICYMI: Inside Chaim Bloom's wild first 280 days on the job

Texas Rangers2020 record: 3-5Preseason ranking: 22

Corey Kluber's injury put a big dent in Texas' playoff aspirations, and other than Joey Gallo, the offense has been nonexistent. The Rangers aren't a good defensive team, and closer Jose Leclerc is out because of a shoulder strain similar to Kluber's. Really, this looks like a team with no plan. Isiah Kiner-Falefa at third base? Todd Frazier at first base? A rotating cast in the outfield? The most interesting thing so far is that the early returns on Globe Life Field are that it will be much more of a pitchers' park than Globe Life Park was.

ICYMI: Kluber shut down for four weeks

Detroit Tigers2020 record: 5-5Preseason ranking: 29

Like the Orioles, the Tigers have managed to win some games, but on paper, this still looks like a bad team. If you want to dream big, the bullpen has been excellent -- Scott Alexander tied an AL record with nine straight strikeouts on Sunday (former Tiger Doug Fister, of all pitchers, held the mark) -- and with so many teams struggling to lock down the late innings, that's one way the Tigers might surprise. That seems unlikely, but odds are we're going to see one surprise team make the playoffs.

San Francisco Giants2020 record: 5-5Preseason ranking: 26

Mike Yastrzemski for MVP! The grandson of the Hall of Famer came out of nowhere last year to have a solid rookie season, and as a sophomore, he's hitting for average and power, drawing walks and playing a solid center field. Oh, and who was leading the majors in RBIs entering Sunday? Giants shortstop Donovan Solano, of course. Hey, we knew it was going to be a strange season.

Kansas City Royals2020 record: 3-7Preseason ranking: 25

Rookies Brady Singer and Kris Bubic are in the rotation, so that's at least something to watch. Whit Merrifield and Jorge Soler are stinging the ball. Still, this is a bad baseball team. If you like hitters who don't walk, this lineup is for you. Adalberto Mondesi, Maikel Franco and Merrifield have batted a combined 123 times without a walk. Salvador Perez and Alex Gordon have batted an additional 72 times with one walk apiece. Ugh.

ICYMI: What Soler, Singer are doing to turn scouts' heads

Seattle Mariners2020 record: 4-6Preseason ranking: 28

The Mariners probably won't be very good, but at least they have some interesting things going on. Kyle Lewis looks like a Rookie of the Year candidate, Evan White can really pick it at first base, Taijuan Walker threw a gem the other night, and Yusei Kikuchi is suddenly averaging 96 mph with his fastball. The biggest question is whether outfielder Jarred Kelenic, who looked great during summer camp, will be called up from the team's training site despite having little time above Class A.

ICYMI: Mariners' youth movement showing promise

Pittsburgh Pirates2020 record: 2-7Preseason ranking: 24

On the bright side, Colin Moran has five home runs. On the downside ... well, pretty much everything else. Josh Bell looks lost so far, and that makes you think of his 2019 splits: 1.024 OPS in the first half, .780 in the second half. Bryan Reynolds and Kevin Newman are off to slow starts after hitting .300 as rookies, and that's one reason the team batting average stood at .178 entering Sunday. The Pirates need Bell, Reynolds and Newman to be good, or there is little reason to be optimistic about the future.

Miami Marlins2020 record: 2-1Preseason ranking: 27

What can you say? The Marlins won their season-opening series against the Phillies, even as the team came down with the coronavirus outbreak that nearly got the MLB season wiped out less than a week into this little adventure. The Marlins, who are scheduled to resume play Tuesday against the Orioles, will not resemble the Marlins who began the season. They will likely be not very good.

Baltimore Orioles2020 record: 5-3Preseason ranking: 30

Hey, the Orioles are two games over .500! After that 13-2 Opening Day loss, it seemed like they might go 10-50 -- or something worse that only Stephen King could conjure up. That might sound wild, but the Orioles had a 14-46 stretch last season (not the worst in the majors, as the Tigers had a 12-48 stretch). Anyway, the O's have scored some runs, Alex Cobb has had a couple of solid outings, and this team just swept the Rays. In other words, the Orioles probably deserve to be higher than No. 30 ... for now.

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MLB Power Rankings - Our first impressions of all 30 teams - ESPN

The ultimate guide to yellow daisies: where to plant and what will bloom in late summer – Telegraph.co.uk

No one could say that August is an easy month. If its been too dry the garden lacks energy and zip, like a marathon runner whos hit the 20-mile wall and is wondering where the finish line is.

If its been too wet, the garden dissolves from orderly exuberance into impenetrable jungle. Worse still, every mistake shows. In my case, its too much red crocosmia.

However, the uplifting yellow daisy is about to come to our rescue and produce crisp flowers in a bright colour that suits the silly season perhaps a trifle vulgar at times but extremely enjoyable.

Used properly, yellow runs through the garden like a spinning thread and it leads the eye along paths and through borders better than any other colour.

Shades vary from cool clear-lemon through to gold medallion, but its the warm sunshine-yellows that tend to dominate in August. The earliest arrival to the Second Half of Summer Ball is always Heliopsis helianthoides var. scabra Summer Nights.

This metre-high, dark-stemmed daisy supports a branching head of small yellow flowers, just two inches across. The emerald green foliage has dark veins and each flower has a sizzling, burnished red middle that gets fuzzier as the tiny flowers are pollinated. If you want a suitable forerunner, plant the diminutive daylily Hemerocallis Corky for its dark stems and brown-backed warm-yellow flowers.

Bright yellow is enhanced by dramatic black foliage and the later-flowering black-stemmed aster, Symphyotrichum laeve Calliope, is a self-supporting, September-flowering aster with brooding foliage and thick stems.

Add the fiery nasturtium-red and yellow flowers of Alstroemeria Indian Summer, the best long-flowering alstro Ive ever grown. This has come through searing winters for me, when so many havent. Better still, the dark foliage is equally sumptuous. If youre planting Indian Summer now, add a mulch of compost in late autumn just in case.

Any blend of three or four similar plants always needs a contrast and the dark foliage and fiery flowers could be framed by a foot-high all-green grass, Hakonechloa macra Nicolas. This deciduous grass creates waves of movement and, as temperatures cool, the bright green foliage of Nicolas develops maroon-red flecks. Or add an injection of Oxford-blue and black.

This could be provided by Salvia nemorosa Caradonna, a very useful hardy salvia that retains slender, dark tapers long after the deep blue flowers have dropped. Agastache Blackadder, Blue Fortune and the fluffier Blue Boa will provide vertical bottlebrushes with violet to Cambridge-blue colouring. These aromatic plants are all bee pleasers.

Crocosmia crocosmiiflora Columbus will provide a herringbone of violet-tinted buds that open to rich golden yellow and this shorter crocosmia makes a good front-of-border plant. The sword-like foliage of any crocosmia helps to break up the monotony of mound-forming perennials. Hemerocallis Primal Scream, a substantial pumpkin-orange, could be allowed to cartwheel through your border as well.

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The ultimate guide to yellow daisies: where to plant and what will bloom in late summer - Telegraph.co.uk