What is genetic engineering? | Facts | yourgenome.org

Genetic engineering refers to the direct manipulation of DNA to alter an organisms characteristics (phenotype) in a particular way.

To help explain the process of genetic engineering we have taken the example of insulin, a protein that helps regulate the sugar levels in our blood.

The genetic engineering process

An illustration showing how genetic modification is used to produce insulin in bacteria. Image credit: Genome Research Limited

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This page was last updated on 2017-02-17

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What is genetic engineering? | Facts | yourgenome.org

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