Launched in the capital, Addis Ababa, on 22 November, the review evaluates innovation capacity, policies and institutions in Ethiopia and suggests how the government and other key stakeholders can better harness innovation, technology and science to accelerate development and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
Through our home-grown economic reform and 10-year strategy, Ethiopia aims to become a middle-income economy. Innovation and technology are the main drivers for attaining this goal, and the STIP review will help us towards this objective, said Getahun Mekuria, the countrys minister of innovation and technology at the launch of the report.
The STIP review contrasts Ethiopia's rapid economic growth with much slower growth in technological learning and innovation capacity as a major obstacle to sustaining this impressive performance and achieving more sustainable development.
It shows that on paper, Ethiopia has most of the policies, regulations, background studies and roadmaps necessary to kick-start a successful process of technological learning, innovation and technological upgrading.
However, in reality the country faces challenges in policy implementation across public institutions related to capacity constraints and sub-optimal allocation of efforts and resources.
Innovation ultimately takes place at the firm-level, but the state plays a key role as a facilitator of the national innovation system, said Shamika N. Sirimanne, UNCTADs director of technology and logistics division during the reports launch in Addis Ababa. The state is the glue that holds the innovation system together.
UNCTAD prepared the policy review at the request of the government to support the technology ministry in preparing a new science, technology and innovation (STI) policy.
The review process is timely, taking place at a critical juncture in the countrys development.
The report finds that hurdles to technological progress are largely due to deficiencies in design processes, in particular with implementation and evaluation, rather than a lack of policies, strategies and institutions.
Improved policy coordination and greater coherence across key areas of development policy are needed, according to the review.
Building productive capacities
The STIP review notes that Ethiopia needs to build its productive capacities to add greater value, produce a wider range of products, diversify the economy and generate higher income.
Like other least developed countries, Ethiopias productive capacity must be reinforced.
Policy action in recent years has enabled the country to initiate a process of productive capacity-building, driven by intensive public-sector investment in targeted areas that has powered recent growth.
Production linkages are not sufficiently developed, reflecting a private sector that is still emerging, and insufficient technological capability and manufacturing production capacity.
In September, the government launched an economic reform agenda aimed at boosting private investment, creating productive jobs and enhancing the role of the private sector in the economy.
Science, technology and innovation are critical for the achievement of these objectives.
The countrys progress has been greatest in productive resources, particularly transport infrastructure, with significant improvements in road and railway networks.
The report suggests that Ethiopias next STI framework should build on this progress and reinforce entrepreneurial and technological capacities as well as production linkages.
From technology transfer to innovation
The current Ethiopian STI policy gives priority to technology transfer, mainly referring to acquisition of technologies from abroad.
Implicit in this approach is the assumption that acquired technologies will be automatically assimilated in the local economy through learning, linkages and demonstration effects.
The report recommends that the next STIP framework should shift the focus of the national STI policy to the dynamic processes of technological learning and innovation, which are aligned with Ethiopias current economic reform agenda.
The focus of the new STI policy framework should be on technological learning and upgrading, and building strong innovation capacity through inter-firm linkages, including between local firms and foreign enterprises, particularly those operating in the country's industrial parks.
The STIP review offers specific recommendations to assist the government to create mature and effective systems to support innovation, with UNCTADs help.
Sectoral case studies
The STIP review also provides an in-depth analysis of two sectors as case studies for understanding how STI policy can stimulate technological upgrading and innovation and thereby improve the performance of industries identified as important for Ethiopia's development.
They are the apparel and textile sector for resource-based labour-intensive exports and the pharmaceuticals sector for knowledge-intensive import substitution.
The STIP review is based on fact-finding missions to Ethiopia conducted in December 2018 and March 2019, which included interviews with government ministries, public sector agencies, private sector firms, universities, research institutes, international organizations and other key stakeholders.
UNCTADs STIP reviews contribute to the development of innovation capacity and upgrading of technologies along with STI policy capacity so that science, technology and innovation policies can better contribute to development strategies.
The reviews evaluate science, technology and innovation capacity, policies and institutions from a neutral and independent perspective, offering suggestions for policy action to harness them for sustainable development.
So far, UNCTAD has completed 16 STIP reviews in 15 countries, in which the reviews have often ignited a renewal in STI policy, raised the profile of STI policy in national development strategies and facilitated the inclusion of STI activities in international cooperation plans.
- Alberta's oil-based wealth fund misses a $433 billion opportunity - WorldOil - August 8th, 2020
- Business Council of BC urges province to 'fast-track' economic recovery measures - Daily Commercial News - August 8th, 2020
- BMO forecasts full recovery of Canadian economy next year - Daily Commercial News - August 8th, 2020
- Protecting 30% of the earth will bolster economy - thethirdpole.net - August 8th, 2020
- Opinion: Investing in Philly artists during the pandemic could help - WHYY - August 8th, 2020
- Why special education funding will be more equitable under new state law - EdSource - August 8th, 2020
- Canada should support Taiwan's admission to the CPTPP - iPolitics.ca - August 8th, 2020
- Ben Franklin to Invest $114500 in the Regional Economy - bctv.org - August 8th, 2020
- India Must Plan New Strategy for Cities to Reap Full Benefits of 'Self-Reliance' Initiative - TheCityFix - August 8th, 2020
- Microsoft commits to achieve 'zero waste' goals by 2030 - Microsoft - August 8th, 2020
- Education at the mercy of the market - Frontline - August 8th, 2020
- Alberta's oil-based wealth fund misses a $433 billion opportunity - WorldOil - August 7th, 2020
- Business Council of BC urges province to 'fast-track' economic recovery measures - Daily Commercial News - August 7th, 2020
- Embrace the circular economy - Daily Pioneer - August 7th, 2020
- Lake Cowichan says its Not The Wild West - My Cowichan Valley Now - August 7th, 2020
- Protecting 30% of the earth will bolster economy - thethirdpole.net - August 7th, 2020
- BMO forecasts full recovery of Canadian economy next year - Daily Commercial News - August 7th, 2020
- Ben Franklin to Invest $114500 in the Regional Economy - bctv.org - August 7th, 2020
- BC's opportunity to move toward watershed security - Policy Options - August 7th, 2020
- Why special education funding will be more equitable under new state law - EdSource - August 7th, 2020
- Microsoft commits to achieve 'zero waste' goals by 2030 - Microsoft - August 7th, 2020
- India Must Plan New Strategy for Cities to Reap Full Benefits of 'Self-Reliance' Initiative - TheCityFix - August 7th, 2020
- Supply Chain Canada is Proud to Announce its Fellow Inductees for 2020 - Canada NewsWire - August 7th, 2020
- Guest column: Mullins and Sharpe were pivotal in Tyler's growth - Tyler Morning Telegraph - August 7th, 2020
- COVID-19 having big impact on outdoor recreation industry, public lands - WXYZ - August 7th, 2020
- Final webinar on coal transition offers advice and resources for communities - Uinta County Herald - August 7th, 2020
- Lake Cowichan says it's Not The Wild West - My Cowichan Valley Now - August 7th, 2020
- The Pandemic Has Resulted in Record Savings, but Only for Some - NextAdvisor - August 7th, 2020
- For all Marape's achievements in PNG, the biggest challenges await - The Interpreter - August 7th, 2020
- Opinion: Pandemic, floods, fires, hurricanes, extinctions nature is telling us it's time to build our economy around inclusive wealth - Ensia - August 7th, 2020
- Amid the pandemic, can Colorado still lead on a just transition from coal? - Energy News Network - August 7th, 2020
- UAE partners with Airbus to launch satellite testing and assembly centre - The National - August 6th, 2020
- June TechCred to Fund Record-Setting Number of In-Demand Credentials WKTN- A division of Home Town Media - WKTN Radio - August 6th, 2020
- Managing air quality: Urban intergovernmental institutions appear to be logical choice - The Financial Express - August 6th, 2020
- Trump Tries to Make It Hard for Anyone Else to Behave Ethically, Either - The New Yorker - August 6th, 2020
- BCG ECONOMY THRIVING ON RICH BIODIVERSITY AND TECHNOLOGICAL STRENGTHS - Bangkok Post - August 6th, 2020
- Teva and Alvotech Announce Strategic Partnership to Collaborate in the U.S. Biosimilar Market - Business Wire - August 6th, 2020
- These states are happiest with their standard of living - YouGov US - August 5th, 2020
- Tawazun to build, develop Satellite Assembly, Integration and Testing Centre - Emirates News Agency - August 5th, 2020
- Here's how we can make health a core part of the global economy - World Economic Forum - August 5th, 2020
- Crowns and Hops Brewing Launches 8 Trill Pils Initiative to Support Black-Owned Craft Breweries - Brewbound.com - August 5th, 2020
- Conservation NGOs welcome the reopening of intra-provincial nature-based tourism in no touch economy - Phoenix Sun - August 3rd, 2020
- PROS Holdings, Inc. Announces Appointment of Catherine A. Lesjak to Board of Directors - Business Wire - August 3rd, 2020
- University Alliance to Deliver Economic and Social Benefits to Wales - Business News Wales - August 3rd, 2020
- Indigenous communities need to be partners in Canadas COVID-19 recovery plan - The Globe and Mail - August 1st, 2020
- Using the EU taxonomy as a guide to sustainable recovery - Investors' Corner BNP Paribas - August 1st, 2020
- Post-COVID Banking: Now is the Time to Make the Enterprise-Wide Risk Assessment Process Match the Rapidly Evolving Risk Environment - JD Supra - August 1st, 2020
- How Provident Fund is taxed: All you need to know - The Financial Express - August 1st, 2020
- India is consumption based economy and it needs logistics more than ever now: K Satyanarayana, Ecom Express - SME Futures - August 1st, 2020
- Greening The Grid: Resource Adequacy, Intermittency, & Carbon Pricing - CleanTechnica - August 1st, 2020
- Trade barriers are slowing plastic-pollution action. Here's how to fix it - World Economic Forum - August 1st, 2020
- What's on the Ballot: Commissioner of Public Lands - Auburn Examiner - August 1st, 2020
- Sunburn The morning read of what's hot in Florida politics 7.31.20 - Florida Politics - August 1st, 2020
- Indian Inc has to move towards decarbonisation: Thermax MD & CEO - The Financial Express - August 1st, 2020
- Seton Hall teams with East Orange to offer virtual summer work experience program - nj.com - August 1st, 2020
- Food waste and plastic pollution: 'The two key sustainability drivers are carbon and circularity' - FoodNavigator.com - August 1st, 2020
- 75 attend webinar on implications of Covid on economy - The Tribune India - July 31st, 2020
- Seton Hall Works with City of East Orange, Jamila Davis, Tamika Mallory and Yandy Smith to Bring Virtual Summer Work Experience Program to Area Youth... - July 31st, 2020
- Plug and Play Japan to Open its New Office "Plug and Play Osaka" - PRNewswire - July 31st, 2020
- Mawson Resources says funded to drill promising gold and silver targets in Mt Isa in Queensland - Proactive Investors USA & Canada - July 31st, 2020
- Government of Canada protecting the Lake Winnipeg basin Franais - Canada NewsWire - July 30th, 2020
- Strategic Resources Closes the Acquisition of the Mustavaara Mine in Finland - PRNewswire - July 28th, 2020
- Q&A: Tracy Zea, new chief of the Waterways Council - WorkBoat - July 28th, 2020
- Vietnam Threatens China with Litigation over the South China Sea - Lawfare - July 28th, 2020
- Program to deliver $1.2 million in grants to struggling small businesses will provide economic relief - Monroe Evening News - July 28th, 2020
- Chief Secretary to the Treasury delivers his first speech in the role to thinktank Onward - GOV.UK - July 28th, 2020
- Property/Casualty Insurance Industry Suffered Largest-Ever Drop in Surplus in the First Quarter of 2020 - GlobeNewswire - July 28th, 2020
- This is now the world's greatest threat and it's not coronavirus - World Economic Forum - July 26th, 2020
- Be a Weed Detective July 25th: An Introduction to Local Invasive Plants, Their Impacts, and How to Identify, Map, and Control Them - Tillamook County... - July 26th, 2020
- The Gig Economy Beyond COVID-19 | Fisher Phillips - JDSupra - JD Supra - July 26th, 2020
- Budget-minded business owners' love affair with gig workers is growing - CNBC - July 26th, 2020
- Art of change: Maintaining digital and physical balance in times of Coronavirus - The Financial Express - July 26th, 2020
- Indias new fisheries policy will increase private control over open access water bodies - Scroll.in - July 26th, 2020
- Bureaucracy needs revamping to enable growth and development - The Sunday Guardian - July 26th, 2020
- The weekend read: Making solar sizzle - pv magazine International - July 26th, 2020
- Faculty and Staff Authors Compile Impressive List of Works - Middlebury College News and Events - July 25th, 2020
- Be a Weed Detective July 25 | Community - Tillamook Headlight-Herald - July 25th, 2020
- Covid Redefines the State | DK Giri - Mainstream - July 25th, 2020
- Jordan's Prime Minister Says His Country Contained COVID-19 By 'Helping The Weakest' - OPB News - July 25th, 2020
- Business Botswana to roll out recovery plan - The Patriot On Sunday - July 25th, 2020