Key point: The world is seeing an abundance of threats from naval mines.
The US Navy is making an aggressive push toward "offensive" mine warfare designed to attack and destroy enemy ships and submarines with undersea explosives - all while preparing a complex suite of interwoven mine countermeasure technologies.
We will produce a mine warfare plan to include offensive mine lines of effort. We are asking the CNO (Chief of Naval Operations) to sign in the next 90 days, Maj. Gen. David Coffman, Navy Director of Expeditionary Warfare, told an audience recently at the Surface Naval Association Symposium.
Mine technology, including both shallow and deep water mines, is not only advancing quickly but also rapidly proliferating around the world, therefore reaching a wider swatch of potential US enemies. Advances in offensive seamine technology is something the US plans to leverage itself while working to sharpen its focus on countering the growing mix of enemy mine threats.
Greater volumes of advanced deep water mines represent an area of concern for Coffman and other maritime warfare leaders, who recognize that the weapons are not restricted to littoral areas - but also substantial threats when it comes open or blue water warfare.
While it appears that the Mine Warfare Plan is currently being refined and reviewed by Navy leadership, Coffman indicated that the services offensive and defensive mine warfare strategy will seek to leverage US undersea technology superiority.
We are making a strong push toward offensive mining using an undersea capability. We are drawing upon the CNOs wisdom in exploiting what we have strength in. We know we have dominance undersea, Coffman said.
This approach is likely to draw upon some of the fundamentals of US undersea technology, such as advanced sonar, quieting technologies and submarine missile launch tubes increasingly able to launch mine-detecting drones.
Offensive mine technology will consist of a mixture of more detectable and hidden weapons, each consisting of different combat tactics.
Covert is good and overt is good too. We need a lot of arrows in the quiver because there are different warfighting scenarios, Coffman said.
Following Coffmans reasoning, it would seem that more visible or find-able mines have a strategic and operational value - if less covert. Naturally they could be missed by an enemy or overlooked in some way, yet they certainly can function as weapons intended to deny an enemy access to a strategically vital location or asset. Covert mines, by comparison, would likely function with the more narrowly configured intent to avoid detection and simply explode an enemy.
There are a variety of ways in which this emerging Navys mine-warfare strategy is already becoming more manifest, to include video-guided undersea drone explosives, unmanned weapons and sensors and advanced airborne countermine technologies engineered to destroy mines beneath the surface.
This strategy, and its corresponding warfare technologies, will in part be executed by elements of the Navys now-in-development Mine Countermeasures (MCM) Mission Package for the Littoral Combat Ship. This includes specially configured MH-60 helicopters, deck-mounted drones such as the Fire Scout, surface sweeping drone boats such as Textrons Unmanned Influence Sweep System and deep diving drones engineered to detect mines buried beneath the ocean floor - such as Knifefish.
The overall MCM system, integrating these and other technologies, is slated to be operational by 2022; however, several elements of the system are ready for war today, service developers said.
For MCM, we can field the aviation mission packages on the even (Independence variants of the LCS fleet) ships today, Capt. Ted Zobel, Mission Modules Program Manger, told Warrior Maven following his presentation at SNA.
The air assets, such as the Navys Airborne Mine-Neutralization System and Airborne Laser Mine Detection Systems, hinge upon successful coordination and command control synergy with surface and undersea assets. Naval Sea Systems Command recently announced it has has verified communications links between an Independence variant of the LCS and both the surface sweeping UISS and Knifefish mine-detecting drone.
The Navy now operates a series of test ranges for mine warfare, to include locations in Panama City, Fla., and San Diego, Zobel said.
For each one of the program of records we put together, the mission package goes through its own test. We lay mine fields and go to work against them, he told reporters at the Surface Naval Association Symposium.
The development of MCM technologies is, by design, intended to lay the foundation for new mine warfare systems in future years. The effort, Zobel said, is called "Mission Package Next."
We talk with the research sponsors regularly about Mission Package Next and what it might entail. We scan industry to see what is available, but right now we are focused on the three mission packages we have, Zobel explained.
Airborne Laser Mine Detection System
Instead of purely relying upon more narrowly configured, mechanized or towed mine detection systems, the Navy has been developing airborne laser systems to expand the surface area from which mine detection takes place.
The system, called Airborne Laser Mine Detection System (ALMDS) enables shallow-water warships such as the LCS have a much safer sphere of operations as commanders will have much greater advanced warning of mine-cluttered areas.
Northrop and Navy developers are looking at ways the ALMDS can be further enhanced through ongoing modernization efforts, such as current work to integrate AI.
We are looking at automating the entire kill chain for MCM. Now the ALMDS flies on an MH-60. Perhaps we can get that into a smaller form factor and put it on the Fire Scout, Kevin Knowles, Director of Business Development for LCS, Northrop Grumman, told Warrior Maven in an interview at SNA.
The ALMDS pod is mechanically attached to the MH-60S with a standard Bomb Rack Unit 14 mount and electrically via a primary and auxiliary umbilical cable to the operator console, according to a statement from the systems maker, Northrop Grumman.
It does not use any bombs. It flies at a certain altitude and a certain speed. The laser emits beams at a certain rate. Cameras underneath the helicopter receive reflections back from the water. The reflections are processed to create images displayed on a common consol on the helicopter, Jason Cook, the Navys Assistant Program Manager, ALMDS, told Warrior Maven in an interview last year about the system.
Cook explained that the camera or receiver on the helicopter is called a Streak Tube Imaging LIDAR (STIL). The laser is released in a fan pattern, and photons received back are transferred into electrons, creating a camera-like image rendering.
Northrop information on ALMDS further specifies that the system can operate in both day and night operations without stopping or towing equipment in the water.
Allowing untethered operations, it can attain high area search rates. This design uses the forward motion of the aircraft to generate image data negating the requirement for complex scanning mechanisms and ensuring high system reliability, Northrop information states.
Having this technology operational, it seems, offers a few new strategic nuances. First and foremost, detecting mines more quickly and at further ranges of course makes the LCS much more survivable. It will be able to pursue attack, anti-submarine and reconnaissance missions with a much lower risk of mine-attack. Furthermore, identifying the location of mines at greater distances brings the added advantage of enabling lower-risk small boat missions to approach target areas for shore missions, surface attack or recon.
Also, given that attack submarines are routinely able to launch attacks, conduct recon and access enemy areas in closer proximity to island and coastal areas, compared with many deeper draft larger surface combatants, ALMDS could measurably improve submarine operations.
Finally, given that the LCS is engineered for both autonomous and aggregated operations, ALMDS could provide occasion for the ship to alert other surface and undersea vessels about the location of enemy mines. In fact, Northrop writes that ALMDS provides accurate target geo-location to support follow on neutralization of the detected mines.
Some of the technical details of the system are further delineated in a research paper written by Arete Associates a science and technology consulting firm with a history of supporting entities such as the Office of Naval Research and the Air Force.
A high resolution 3-D image of the scene is produced from multiple sequential frames formed by repetitively pulsing the laser in synchrony with the CCD (Charge Coupled Device) frame rate as an airborne platform "push broom" scans or as a single-axis scanner on a ground-based platform scans the laser fan beam over the scene, the Arete Associates essay titled Streak Tube Imaging LIDAR For 3-D Imaging of Terrestrial Targets, writes. The backscattered light from the objects and the terrain intersecting the fan beam is imaged by a lens.
STIL technology, while only recently becoming operational with ALMDS, has been in development as a maritime surveillance system for many years. A 2003 study from the Naval Surface Warfare Center cites how pulsed light sent out from a three-dimensional electro-optic sensor STIL system can identify objects of interest on the ocean bottom.
Airborne Mine Neutralization System
Originally posted here:
- There are three scenarios at play - Press of Atlantic City - July 31st, 2020
- Alta Mar High Seas When Will Season 3 Release On Netflix? - NationEditions - July 31st, 2020
- Alta Mar 'High Seas' Season 3: Has The Official Discussed Its Arrival And The Possible Storyline - The Digital Wise - July 31st, 2020
- Best swimming headphones 2020: best waterproof earbuds for the pool and the high seas - T3 - July 31st, 2020
- The Galapagos islands face an invasion of trawlers - The Economist - July 31st, 2020
- What are the long-term prospects for offshore wind? | ESI-Africa.com - ESI Africa - July 31st, 2020
- Life is Strange - Partners in Time Comic Continues Max and Chloe's Story, Set to Release This October - Gameranx - July 31st, 2020
- Players team up on demand for Sea of Thieves to hit PS4 - Explica - July 31st, 2020
- 35 best new Netflix movies and shows coming in August 2020 - Netflix Life - July 31st, 2020
- East Ladakh LAC Standoff: Winter is Coming - News Intervention - July 31st, 2020
- The Best Movies to Stream This Weekend in Seattle: July 30-Aug 2, 2020 - TheStranger.com - July 31st, 2020
- China has won control of the South China Sea. Now we wait for Beijing's next move - ABC News - July 31st, 2020
- Flags of Convenience in Merchant Shipping - Sea News - July 31st, 2020
- 'Bartlow's Dread Machine' (ALL) Available On Steam Early Access - Trailer - WorthPlaying.com - July 30th, 2020
- Revaluing the Oceans - Architecture - E-Flux - July 30th, 2020
- How to find Ashen Lords in Sea of Thieves Ashen Winds update - Gamepur - July 30th, 2020
- Sea of Thieves Adds Auto Float Accessibility Option To Help Players With Underwater Phobias - GameSpot - July 30th, 2020
- The Best Movies and Shows to Watch in Portland This Weekend: July 30-Aug 2, 2020 - The Portland Mercury - July 30th, 2020
- 'High Seas'/'Alta Mar' Season 3: Release date, plot, cast and all you need to know about the show's return - MEAWW - July 30th, 2020
- Alta Mar High Seas season 3: Are We Getting It Soon Or We Have To Wait - The Digital Wise - July 29th, 2020
- Lockdown on the high seas | TheHill - The Hill - July 28th, 2020
- National Hurricane Center monitoring what could be Isaas, may track to the East Coast - Press of Atlantic City - July 28th, 2020
- Sea ice extent in the Arctic reaches historical low in July - The Independent Barents Observer - July 28th, 2020
- Galapagos Islands: 'Protection strategy' set up after 'hundreds of Chinese fishing vessels' spotted nearby - Sky News - July 28th, 2020
- Why Waterworld Was a Failure in the '90s But Is Actually Much Better Than We Remember - Esquire.com - July 28th, 2020
- National Hurricane Center monitoring what could be Isaias, may track to the East Coast - Press of Atlantic City - July 27th, 2020
- Revaluing the Oceans - Architecture - e-flux - E-Flux - July 27th, 2020
- High seas | maritime law | Britannica - July 26th, 2020
- 'High Seas' Netflix Review: Stream It or Skip It? - July 26th, 2020
- High Seas Trading Co.- Hawaiian shirts | Aloha Shirts ... - July 26th, 2020
- How we recruited albatrosses to patrol the high seas for illegal fishers - MENAFN.COM - July 26th, 2020
- 10 Movies To Watch If You Liked Greyhound | ScreenRant - Screen Rant - July 26th, 2020
- How to stop China completing its takeover of the South China Sea - The Strategist - July 26th, 2020
- Fisheries Subsidies Reform Could Reduce Overfishing and Illegal Fishing, Case Studies Find - The Pew Charitable Trusts - July 26th, 2020
- HMS Challenger: The voyage that birthed oceanography - BBC News - July 26th, 2020
- High seas adventures and hilarity all part of 'Salty' - Petoskey News-Review - July 20th, 2020
- Global Fisheries Need Better Governance to Sustain Key Stocks - The Pew Charitable Trusts - July 20th, 2020
- Royal Caribbean Cruise Ship Hosting World's Only Biker Cruise in 2021 - Cruise Fever - July 20th, 2020
- Pirate attacks have doubled in Asia thanks to the coronavirus - New York Post - July 20th, 2020
- Top 10 world news: UK suspends extradition treaty, Oxford vaccine trials, and more - WION - July 20th, 2020
- The Pentagon confronts the pandemic - NationofChange - July 20th, 2020
- With Skull And Bones Missing, King Of Seas May Be Your Pirate ARRPG This Year - TechRaptor - July 20th, 2020
- 129 years in the UAE: My family's journey through the birth of a country - Gulf News - July 20th, 2020
- Justice League Death Metal Tie-In Introduces Major Villain: The Omega Knight - CBR - Comic Book Resources - July 20th, 2020
- Master & Commander 2? Why The Sequel Never Happened | Screen Rant - Screen Rant - July 20th, 2020
- Column One: At age 60 and paralyzed, she tried to row across the Pacific - Los Angeles Times - July 20th, 2020
- Buildings partially collapse after another night of raging seas on the NSW Central Coast - ABC News - July 20th, 2020
- S.A. Chakraborty Tells Us the Best Writing Advice She Ever Got in Reddit AMA - tor.com - July 20th, 2020
- Ghost of Tsushima could be a pirate game or the Three Musketeers - Explica - July 20th, 2020
- Pentagon Confronts the Pandemic - LA Progressive - July 20th, 2020
- Nile dam: Sudan says talks to break deadlock will be held on Tuesday - The National - July 20th, 2020
- How Not to Deal With Murder in Space - Slate - July 20th, 2020
- Nurses among those missing in Temotu - Solomon Star - July 20th, 2020
- HI-SEAS - July 19th, 2020
- High Seas (TV Series 2019 ) - IMDb - July 19th, 2020
- When the Day's Catch Includes Cocaine and Heroin - Hakai Magazine - July 19th, 2020
- US Turns Screws on Maritime Industry to Cut Off Venezuela's Oil - Voice of America - July 19th, 2020
- Pirates Outlaws Offers Deck Building On the High Seas - GameIndustry.com - July 18th, 2020
- Piracy RPG 'King of Seas' announced for fall this year - Micky News - July 18th, 2020
- Breaking News - Nickelodeon's Brand-New Preschool Series "Santiago of the Seas" Sets Sail for Action-Packed Adventures, Friday, Oct. 9, aT... - July 18th, 2020
- Nothing is certain, but it's a good time to plan your future travel - The News Star - July 18th, 2020
- State Library of Kansas announces the 2020 Kansas Notable Books - Leavenworth Times - July 18th, 2020
- The CDC Has Banned This One Thing Until October, Thanks to COVID - Best Life - July 18th, 2020
- Coastal flooding in US will continue to increase as seas rise, report says - USA TODAY - July 18th, 2020
- Ammonia could be the fuel of the future for shipping - Telegraph.co.uk - July 18th, 2020
- New players emerge in Venezuelas oil industry amid U.S. sanctions - Global News - July 18th, 2020
- How Covid-19 has disrupted shipping operations and seafarers' lives - BusinessLine - July 18th, 2020
- 'Greyhound' director says the movie was made without any water - Insider - INSIDER - July 18th, 2020
- Is the President Aware this House is Falling? - THISDAY Newspapers - July 18th, 2020
- State library announces the 2020 Kansas Notable Books - GREAT BEND TRIBUNE - Great Bend Tribune - July 16th, 2020
- This cute lil' underwater drone just spent 4 years ~ vibing ~ in the Atlantic - The Next Web - July 16th, 2020
- Exclusive: U.S. turns screws on maritime industry to cut off Venezuela's oil - Reuters - July 16th, 2020
- The Wyvill family who were "an enemy of slavery" and the admiral who took the fight to end it to the high seas - The Northern Echo - July 16th, 2020
- Submarine Cables in the Law of Naval Warfare - Lawfare - July 16th, 2020
- Crew kidnappings on the rise off West Africa - defenceWeb - July 16th, 2020
- Is it the End of the Road for India in the Enrica Lexie Incident? - The Wire - July 16th, 2020
- The albatrosses who catch pirates on the high seas - BBC News - July 15th, 2020
- India-China conflict: A move from the Himalayas to the high seas? - The Interpreter - July 15th, 2020
- A different Life: a West End family's adventures on the high seas - The Westender - July 15th, 2020
- Louis Vuitton Menswear is taking to the high seas for SS21 - i-D - July 15th, 2020