Faculty and Staff Achievements Summer 2020 – CSUN Today

The work of CSUNfaculty and staff members is recognized in a variety of ways, including:

Please use this link toannounce your achievements for publication in CSUN Today.

Below is a list of the individuals whose work was recognized during the summer and through August 2020.

Andrew P. Weiss, Ahmed AlwanandJulieta Garcia (CSUN Library) and Eric P. Garcia (Educational Psychology and Counseling)published an article titled Surveying Fake News: Assessing University Facultys Fragmented Definition of Fake News and Its Impact on Teaching Critical Thinking in theInternational Journal for Educational Integrity.

Ravinder Abrol (Chemistry and Biochemistry) received $145,000 from the National Institutes of Health, in support of a project titled Probing the Structural Basis of Innate G Protein Specificity in G Protein-Coupled Receptor Signaling.

Mads Peter Andersen (Chemistry and Biochemistry) received $60,146 from the National Science Foundation, in support of a project titled RUI: Far Ultra-Violet (172 nm) Photolysis of Gaseous Anthropogenic Pollutants.

Annette Besnilian (Family and Consumer Sciences) and David Boyns (Sociology) received $121,667 from the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, in support of a project titled Champions for Change: Healthy Communities Initiative. She also received$8,000 from the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors, in support of a project titled HEALERS (Healthy Eating + Active Living to Enable Regenerative Sustainability).

Annette Besnilian (Family and Consumer Sciences) and Merav Efrat (Health Sciences) received $250,000 from the US Department of Agriculture, in support of a project titled Pathways to Success for Hispanic Students as Registered Dietitians.

Danielle Bram (Geography) received $43,816 from California State University, San Bernardino, in support of a project titled Developing a Standardized Statewide Geospatial Dataset of Water Agencies for California.She also received $62,000 from CSU Chico, in support of a project titled California Broadband Field Testing.

Danielle Bram and Regan Maas (Geography) received $43,816 from California State University, San Bernardino, in support of a project titled DACIP Task Order 3 Ventura, and$397,000 from the CA Department of Water Resources, in support of a project entitled NHD/WBD Statewide Update Project 2.0.

Gary Chapman and Debi Prasad Choudhary (Physics and Astronomy) received $79,899 from NASA, in support of a project titled Comparing Spacecraft TSI and SSI with Proxies from Space- and Ground-Based Images.

Gabriela Chavira (Psychology), Carrie Saetermoe (Psychology), Crist Khachikian(Civil Engineering and Construction Management) and Patchareeya Kwan (Health Sciences) received $4,607,794 from the National Institutes of Health, in support of a project titled BUILD II.

Mariano Loza Coll (Biology) received $145,000 from the National Institutes of Health, in support of a project entitled Genetic Co-Regulation by Master Transcription Factors in Drosophila Intestinal Stem Cell Saribbean Octocorals.

Rafi Efrat (Accounting and Information Systems) received $649,559 from the United States Department of Education (USDE), in support of a project titled Developing Californias Workforce: Creating Pathways for Latino Transfer Students in High Demand Careers.

Michael Eller (Chemistry and Biochemistry) received $65,000 from Intel Corporation, in support of a project titled Nano-scale molecular analysis of materials for Intel.

Eileen Evans (Chemistry and Biochemistry) received $56,230 from the US Geological Survey, in support of a project titled Geodesy-Based Modeling to Inform the National Seismic Hazard Model (NSHM) of the USGS.

Joyce Feucht-Haviar (Tseng College) received $24,000 from the City of Los Angeles, in support of a project titled ReLAY Institute.

Gilberto Flores (Biology) received $346,750 from the National Institutes of Health, in support of a project titled Mechanisms and Consequences of Human Milk Oligosaccharide Growth and Bile Stress Across Diverse Strains of the Potential Therapeutic Bacterium, Akkermansia Muciniphila.

Kim Goldberg-Roth (Educational Psychology and Counseling) received two donations from the L.A. County Department of Children and Family Services:$500,000 in support of a project titled Family Preservation San Fernando Valley, and$310,200 in support of a project entitled Child Abuse and Neglect Prevention, Intervention and Treatment (CAPIT) San Fernando Valley. Goldberg-Roth also received$130,000 from the Caliornia Governors Office of Emergency Services, in support of a project titled California State Nonprofit Security Grant Program; $87,434 from the California Governors Office of Emergency Services (Cal OES), in support of a project titled Sexual Assault Response Team (XS) Program;$52,500 from the California Partnership to End Domestic Violence, in support of a project titled Emergency COVID 19 Victim Services Response CO Program;$23,679 from the Childrens Advocacy Centers of California, in support of a project titled 2020 Pandemic (CO) Program; and$10,000 from the LA County of Board of Supervisors, in support of a project titled Third District Discretionary Funding.

Christine Hayashi (Educational Leadership and Policy Studies) received $5,652 from the LA Unified School District, in support of a project titled Professional Development Services in Support of Private Schools.

Ray Hong (Biology) received $108,750 from the National Institutes of Health, in support of a project titled The Mode-of-Action for Pheromone-Induced Paralysis in Pristionchus Pacificus.Timothy Karels (Biology) received $2,500 from the Western North American Naturalist, in support of a project titled Post-Fire Recolonization of Woodrats (Neotoma Macrotis) in Southern California.

Jonathan Kelber (Biology), Maria De Bellard (Biology), Daniel Tamae (Chemistry and Biochemistry) and David Bermudes (Biology) received $5,000 from the National Institutes of Health, in support of a project titled California State University Interdisciplinary Cancer Meeting (CSU-ICM).

Luciana Lagaa (Psychology) has received $108,750 from the National Institutes of Health, in support of a project titled A Preliminary Model of Physical Pain Among Community-Dwelling Multiethnic Older Women.

Clement Lai (Asian American Studies) received $100,000 from the CSU Entertainment Alliance, in support of a project titled Pioneering Asian American Representations in Media and Entertainment: Wong Fu Production and Angry Asian Man.

Julian Lozos (Geological Sciences) received $27,000 from the Southern California Earthquake Center (SCEC), in support of a project titled SCEC5 Year 4 USGS Research Collaboration at California State University, Northridge.

Gang Lu (Physics and Astronomy) received two donations from the National Science Foundation: $691,250 in support of a project titled PREM: Partnership between CSUN and Princeton for Quantum Materials and$659,550 in support of a project titled Unraveling Exciton Dynamics in Van der Waals Heterostructures for Optoelectronic and Photonic Applications.

Ariel Malka (Management) received $100,000 from the City of Los Angeles, in support of a project titled L.A. City Gang Injunction Settlement Evaluation.

Kathleen Marsaglia (Geological Sciences) received $14,989 from The Trustees of Colombia University in the City of New York, in support of a project titled U.S. Science Support Program Office Associated with the International Ocean Discovery Program.

Nathan Martin (Recreation and Tourism Management) received $40,000 from the California Division of Boating and Waterways, in support of a project titled Aquatic Center Grant FY 2019-20.

Thomas Minehan(Chemistry and Biochemistry) received $330,662 from the National Science Foundation, in support of a project titled RUI: Exploring Shape-Selective Binding of the DNA Major Groove by Haiprin Bis (Siarylmethylene) Hydrazides.

Ignacio Osorno (Electrical and Computer Engineering) received $45,393 from Aerojet Rocketdyne, in support of a project entitled Development of Internship Honors Co-Op Program.

Miroslav Peric (Physics and Astronomy) received $265,000 from the National Science Foundation, in support of a project titled RUI: Bimolecular Collisions in Ionic Liquid.

Bethany Rainisch (Health Sciences) received $253, 044 from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SAMHSA, in support of a project titled Collaborative Research: Pattern and Process in the Abundance and Recruitment of Caribbean Octocorals.

S.K. Ramesh (Electrical and Computer Engineering) and Robert Ryan (Mechanical Engineering) received $1,199, 471 from the US Department of Education, in support of a project titled Bridging the Gap: Enhancing AIMS2 for Student Success.

Shelley Ruelas-Bischoff (Student Affairs), Nelida Duran (Family and Consumer Sciences) and Mirna Sawyer (Health Sciences) received $185,016 from California State University, Chico, in support of a project entitled CalFresh Healthy Living on Campus.

Cristian Ruiz-Rueda (Biology) received $232,013 from the National Science Foundation, in support of a project titled RUI: Unraveling the physiological roles of multidrug efflux pumps in bacteria.

Jacklyn Stallcup (College of Humanities) received $89,640 from the University of Maryland, in support of a project titled STARTALK CSUN Russian Language and Cultural Immersion Program.

Jessica Vey (Chemistry and Biochemistry) received $105,150 from the National Institutes of Health, in support of a project titled Mechanistic Studies to Enable Rational Design of Isobutylamine N-hydroxylase.

Ivor Weiner (Special Education) received $14,165.64 from the California Family Resource Association (CFRA), in support of a project titled Project Diaper.

Li Ye(Chemistry and Biochemistry), Virginia Oberholzer Vandergon (Biology), Brian Foley (Secondary Education) and Matthew dAlessio (Geological Sciences) received $88,388 from the University of California, in support of a project titled San Fernando Valley Science Project One Time Allotment.

Jeremy Yoder (Biology) received $436,696 from the National Science Foundation, in support of a project titled RoL, Collaborative Research, RUI: Understanding the Ecological and Genomic Bases of Local Adaptation in an Obligate Pollination Mutualism.

MariaElena Zavala (Biology) received $229,981 from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, in support of a project titled MARC U-STAR at CSUN: Preparing Scientists Holistically. Zavala also received$27,303 from the American Society for Cell Biology, in support of a project titled Improving Diversity and Career Transitions through Society Support.

MariaElena Zavala, Ray Hongand Cheryl Hogue (Biology) received $255,248 from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences, in support of a project titled Bridges to the Doctorate Research Training Program at CSUN.

Xu Zhang (Physics and Astronomy) received $55,000 from the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund, in support of a project titled Tuning Interfacial Excitonic Binding in Twisted Two-Dimensional MoS2 Bilayers.

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Faculty and Staff Achievements Summer 2020 - CSUN Today

Diomics Announces Agreement With Department of Defense to Accelerate Development and Testing of Diocheck SARS-CoV-2 Immune Response Indicator Patch -…

SAN DIEGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Diomics, a San Diego-based biotech company, today announced that it has been awarded a $2,125,000 Medical Technology Enterprise Consortium (MTEC) Other Transaction Agreement (OTA) with the U.S. Department of Defense to accelerate development and testing of its Diocheck SARS-CoV-2 Visual Immune Response Indicator, a transdermal skin patch that monitors and reports when the wearers body has mounted an immune response to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

A change in skin color visible through the patch indicates that the person has either recently been exposed to the virus and should get tested and quarantine, or has recovered from a previous coronavirus infection and may still retain immunity. The patch begins to detect an immune response within 24 to 36 hours of application and is expected to effectively monitor for up to 14 days.

The Diocheck patch answers one of the biggest roadblocks to halting the spread of COVID-19a simple, universal way for people to continually monitor their own immune status over an extended period of time. Until theres an effective vaccine in widespread use, large populations can use the patch to monitor themselves and know quickly if they have been exposed to the virus and need to get tested and take precautions to avoid infecting others.

The Diocheck patch responds to the great unknown of how many people are unintentionally widening the spread by being asymptomatic carriers, Diomics CEO Anthony Zolezzi said. Enabling people to monitor their own health status and be confident of the status of those around them is the key to being able to safely reopen schools, theaters, offices and other places. Widespread use of the Diocheck indicator patch will give us a simple, effective, non-invasive way to know that we are all actively protecting each other.

The key to Diochecks ability to monitor for an immune response over an extended period of time is Diomics proprietary biopolymer material, Diomat, which is made from an already FDA-approved material used in a range of other diagnostic and therapeutic applications.

The company is also developing an intradermal version of Diocheck that uses nano-sized beads of the same biopolymer inserted just under the skin to detect and visually report the formation of an immune reaction to a SARS-CoV-2 protein.

Both versions of Diocheck are readily scalable to provide consistent, accurate, ongoing monitoring of the immunity status of essential front-line workers, including military, healthcare, transportation and public safety personnel, as well as teachers and students.

The Diocheck system is entering preclinical animal studies under the guidance of Jonathan R.T. Lakey, Ph.D., M.S.M., Professor of Surgery and Biomedical Engineering at the University of California, Irvine. Human clinical trials are expected to begin in December 2020.

To learn more about Diocheck and the Diomics Pandemic Prevention Platform visit diomics.com.

About Diomics, Inc.

Diomics Corporation is a biotechnology company focused on science-based innovation and the development of life-improving products. Our proprietary Diomat technology platform is optimized for the collection and delivery of compounds and proteins and can also be used for drug delivery, long-term monitoring, diagnostics and production of life-saving hormones and other bio-compounds. Based in San Diego, California, Diomics has developed numerous products, tools and services for the molecular, diagnostic and forensic industries. For more information visit diomics.com.

About the University of California, Irvine

Founded in 1965, UCI is the youngest member of the prestigious Association of American Universities. The campus has produced three Nobel laureates and is known for its academic achievement, premier research, innovation and anteater mascot. Led by Chancellor Howard Gillman, UCI has more than 36,000 students and offers 222 degree programs. Its located in one of the worlds safest and most economically vibrant communities and is Orange Countys second-largest employer, contributing $5 billion annually to the local economy. For more on UCI, visit http://www.uci.edu.

The U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Command

The U.S. Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, 820 Chandler Street, Fort Detrick MD 21702-5014 is the awarding and administering acquisition office. This work was supported by the U.S. Army Medical Research and Development Commands (USAMRDC) Military Infectious Disease Research Program (MIDRP) and the Military Operational Medicine Research Program (MOMRP), through the Wearable Diagnostic for Detection of COVID-19 Infection Request for Project Proposals issued under the MTEC OTA (W81XWH-15-9-0001). Opinions, interpretations, conclusions and recommendations are those of the author and are not necessarily endorsed by the MIDRP or MOMRP.

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Diomics Announces Agreement With Department of Defense to Accelerate Development and Testing of Diocheck SARS-CoV-2 Immune Response Indicator Patch -...

Ashok Leyland, Hindustan Zinc team up with IIT-M to develop Zinc air battery – BusinessLine

Truck major Ashok Leyland and Hindustan Zinc have (separately) joined hands with IIT-Madras in the technology institutes endeavour to develop a Zinc air battery.

While Lithium-ion batteries are the darling of the energy storage industry today, they pose challenges such as concentration of raw material source with a handful of countries, high charging time and safety issues in hot climates. (Technologies for fast charging are coming up, but they are expensive.) Therefore, a worldwide search is under way for a good alternative. Sodium-ion, iron-ion and metal air batteries are the emerging candidates.

Indian researchers develop sustainable, cost-friendly Li-S batteries

Dr Aravind Kumar Chandiran of the Department of Chemical Engineering, IIT Madras, heads a team that is developing a Zinc air battery. His target is two-fold: a battery whose cost per kWhr is at least half of the conventional Lithium-ion batteries and one that re-charges really fast.

Talking to BusinessLine, Dr Chandiran said that while Ashok Leyland is the industry partner under the government of Indias IMPRINT-2 programme (under which the research has been granted 1.5 crore), Hindustan Zinc is a separate funding arrangement with different deliverables. Hindustan Zincs interest is, obviously, to create a market for Zinc.

Dr Chandiran said that today a Lithium-ion battery costs $270-300 per kWhr (unless contracted for huge quantities, when the price could come down to $220 a kWhr). In contrast, a Zinc air battery produced today would cost $150 a kWhr; if produced on the same scale as Lithium-ion batteries, the costs would come down to $30-40 a kWhr, he said.

At the heart of the battery is the Zinc anode which can be taken out once the battery discharges its power, and replaced. Like pulling a cassette out and inserting another, says Chandiran. The cathode of the battery is, as for metal air batteries, air. Zinc reacts with the Oxygen in the air to deliver electricity, and becomes Zinc oxide. In an external contrivance, which could be solar-powered, Oxygen is kicked out of the Zinc oxide and the metal is won back a process called electrowinning.

Chandirans team is working on a design to develop battery packs of 15Ah and ~24V that are mechanically rechargeable and run a 5 kW drive motor. The novelty lies in the design of battery pack for maximum power and ultra fast electrode replacement, he says.

Of course, it is theoretically possible to recharge the battery onboard the vehicle, but it calls for a different research at a more fundamental level. It involves developing a bi-functional catalyst for two activities discharging and recharging known in chemistry as oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER). This is also an area that Dr Chandiran is working on, but is not connected to the Zn air battery project.

Battery storage, smart grid, energy efficiency companies raise $252 m in VC funding in Q1 2020

Meanwhile, another research is going on IIT Madras to develop a new type of anode for the Lithium-ion batteries. The conventional anode used is graphite which, according to Prof Prathap Haridoss, has its own practical issues such as lower capacity and limited fast-charging capability.

In a recent paper published in Advanced Energy Materials, an international scientific journal, Dr Haridoss and his team (which included Dr Raghavan Gopalan of IIT Madras, Dr Abhijit Chatterjee of IIT Bombay, Dr Raju Prakash, Dr Vallabha Rao Rikka and Dr Sumit Ranjan Sahu of International Advanced Research Center,) have mentioned their development of a composite made of molybdenum trioxide and carbon nanohorns. Carbon nanohorns are nano materials, just like nanotubes and graphene.

The battery developed using this new anode material will have about three times the energy density as conventional Lithium-ion batteries, Prof Haridoss told BusinessLine. The anode will cost about the same as graphite.

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Ashok Leyland, Hindustan Zinc team up with IIT-M to develop Zinc air battery - BusinessLine

The next generation of American nuclear – Power Technology

On 18 June 2020, the US Department of Energyannounced it would be awarding more than $65m in nuclear energy research, cross-cutting technology development, facility access, and infrastructure awards.

The awards fall underthe departments nuclear energy programmes the Nuclear Energy University Programme, the Nuclear Energy Enabling Technologies, and the Nuclear Science User Facilities.

Since 2009, the Office of Nuclear Energy, part of the US Department of Energy,has allocated more than $800m to research, aiming to boost American leadership in clean energy innovation and train the next generation of nuclear engineers and scientists.

One of the notable projects in the nuclear energy category examines the risk of nuclear reactor parts fabricated via additive manufacturing that usesa novel rendition of an artificial intelligence (AI)learning strategy, the so-called multi-armed bandit reinforcement learning (RL).

Also known as 3D printing, additive manufacturing could allow for the rapid prototyping and manufacture of complex parts, saving timeandmoney,as well ascreating more scope for design flexibility.

The main objective of the RL project is the development and demonstration of the strategy using data from the Transformational Challenge Reactor (TCR)Program. Sensor and physics-based simulation data will be used in combination with the associated open source DREAM.3D-based digital platform, installed at Purdue University, Indianato calculate risk measures.

The project focuses on a critical need to upgrade validation practices by developing mathematically-rigorous QA procedures that can be scientifically defended to the nuclear regulatory body in order to qualify the risk associated with the additive manufactured parts.

Another goal of the project is the incorporation of a sensitivity analysis to estimate the importance of post-build tests, improve reliability,and ensure reduced need for post-build testing.

TheTCR programmeat the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)is designed to help change the economic paradigm of nuclear energy,according to the research team. The current basis for this TCR design is a gas-cooled reactor with multiple solid material types in a unique arrangement. The planned demonstration of the project will last over 60 months.

Gas-cooled reactors have been used for some time due to their improved energy conversion efficiency, which allows the reactor to operate at a higher safe temperature to water-cooled reactors. By using different material types in this unique arrangement, the team will be hoping to take the technology that much further with the goal of transformational efficiency in mind.

As part of the sensitivity analysis (SA), researchers from MITwill undertake uncertainty quantification (UQ) of TCR design parameters, using open-source time dependent Monte-Carlo code, NQA1 qualified commercial codes (STARCCM+), and ABAQUS for thermal-hydraulics and structural mechanics.

The SA/UQ analysis aims to find out more about the development of performance metrics of robustness for autonomous operation sensors, by processing signals such as neutron flux, temperature,and strains.

The Massachusettsteam will benefit from a decade-long collaboration on the development of high-fidelity tools for reactor applications. The team consists of a fuel and reactor design expert, computational fluid dynamics expert, neutronics expert, and a member of the TCR analyst team, to provide the necessary baseline information and keep the team well-connected with TCR progress.

As part of this cybersecurity project, Ohio State University researchers will create a simulation environment to compare different cyber architecturesand the various levels of protection they offer on the basis of risk.

IT networks have become a battlefield and critical energy infrastructure is at high risk, as was plainly illustrated by a sophisticated attack on the Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant in Tamil Nadu, India in 2019. With so much at stake, the ability to effectively simulate an attack on a nuclear power plant will be key to any efforts to protect such important assets.

While the research focuses on the application to nuclear power plants, the model could also be applied to other critical infrastructures. The simulation environment could be used in nuclear power plant operator education and training. Related Report

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The methods employed in the prototype involve: dynamic probabilistic risk assessment, as a method to characterise risk and the unfolding of an attack; modifiable and adaptive libraries; communication components; defenders or attackers and their levels of skills or prior experiences; defense responses; methods for composing canonic games into games-of-games, and more.

This project involves designinga nuclear and renewable Integrated Energy System (IES) fortheco-generation of cost-competitive electricity and clean water. In addition, tools will be modelled to allow the IES to be simulated, so as to ensure a crucial toolset for present and future studies of this type.

The planned IESis designed to be compatible with the RAVEN/Modelica framework(a combined software framework that allows for simulation and system optimisation). The components included in the IES are concentrated solar power, the supercritical CO2/sCO2cycle, multi-effect distillation, and a lead-cooled fast reactor.

As electricity markets like those in the US gradually transform to operate off an energy mix, projects that combine several elements are becoming more attractive for their flexibility and cost but also for their environmental credentials. A project that harnesses renewable solar with clean water as a waste product is bound to tick a lot of boxes.

A reference configuration for the IES will be set, with the technical and lifecycle aspects (Cyber Informed Engineering, regulatory environment), as well as system costs considered. The RAVEN/Modelica framework will be connected to the freely available and open-source System Adviser Model, with its capability then being applied to the analysis of the proposed concept.

The outcomes of this project are expected to include: a report on the feasibility and viability of the proposed IES and an analysis framework and models, compatible with the existing RAVEN/Modelica ecosystem, which can be used for future studies.

Another project that stands out in the infrastructure award category is the university of Nevada, Renos bid to study a nano-scaled structure, composition,and defects examination infrastructure system for irradiated materials that uses a Hysitron PI-95 Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) PicoIndenter.

Accuracy at the nanoscale should go a long way to improving safety and preventing power plant failure for an industry where security and reliability of assets are naturally in the spotlight.

This system is designed to work jointly withahigh resolution TEM to enable successful in-situ characterisation of the materials.

The instrument will be used for a nanomechanical testing system, which can acquire quantitative nanomechanical and observe the sample before, during, and after each test for a complete understanding of deformation and failure processes, such as room temperature and elevated temperature.

The Hysitron PI-95 TEM PicoIndenter was chosen to complement the micro-mechanical testing capabilities of the Alemnis in-situ Scanning Electron Microscopes (SEM) Indenter system, which was awarded to the University of Nevada, Reno through the DOE FY 2018 General Scientific Infrastructure Support for Universities programme.

While the Alemnis SEM Indenter system from last years DOE Infrastructure Support allows in-situ mechanical testing inside the SEM, this testing at the TEM level is yet not possible without the proposed Hysitron PI 95 in-situ TEM nano-scaled straining test system.

Gas and Steam Turbine Insulation Products

Flow and Level Measurement Instruments for Power Generation Facilities

Optimisation of Water Circuits

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The next generation of American nuclear - Power Technology

Cloth masks are effective at reducing virus transmission because it spreads in respiratory droplets, which are larger than smoke particles and the…


Cloth masks cannot block smoke particles which are larger than viruses, so masks cannot stop virus transmission


Misleading: The claim fails to account for the way that viruses travel in the air, which factors into the effectiveness of cloth masks at reducing transmission. Even though viruses are smaller than smoke particles and the pores in the fabric of a cloth mask, a virus cannot travel in the air on its own and must be transported by respiratory droplets, unlike smoke particles. Respiratory droplets are larger than smoke particles and pores in the fabric, hence they can be blocked by cloth masks.


When considering effective mechanisms for reducing virus transmission, it is the size of respiratory dropletsrather than the size of the virus itselfthat needs to be considered. While viruses are smaller than smoke particles or the pores in the fabric of a cloth mask, viruses cannot travel in the air on their own and must be carried by respiratory droplets, which are much larger than smoke particles or pores in fabric. Therefore, cloth masks are effective at reducing virus transmission as they block respiratory droplets, but ineffective at reducing smoke particle transmission.

REVIEW Memes appeared on Facebook in late August 2020 claiming that cloth masks are ineffective at reducing virus transmission because smoke particles are larger than virus particles and cannot be filtered by cloth masks (see examples here and here). These memes were published following a U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advisory warning people not to rely on cloth masks for protection against wildfire smoke. The advisory was published on Facebook on 31 August 2020 in response to the wildfires in California.

These memes echo many Facebook posts which appeared several months ago (see example) stating that the virus is smaller than pores in the fabric of cloth masks, likening it to a mosquito flying through a chain link fence. And based on the size difference, these posts claim that cloth masks do not work to reduce virus transmission. As we demonstrate below, these claims are misleading as they fail to take into account the differences between how viruses and smoke particles travel in the air.

While both smoke particles and the virus that causes COVID-19 (the size of the virus is between 60 to 140 nanometers)[1] are much smaller than the pores in fabric, a key difference between viruses and smoke particles is that viruses cannot travel in the air on their own and are instead carried by respiratory droplets. In a fact-check by USA Today, Linsey Marr, a professor of civil and environmental engineering at Virginia Tech who specializes in airborne transmission of viruses, stated, There is never a naked virus floating in the air or released by people.

In its advisory, the CDC also emphasizes the importance of respiratory droplets in virus transmission when explaining why cloth masks can reduce virus transmission, but not the inhalation of small smoke particles:

Cloth masks that are used to slow the spread of COVID-19 by blocking respiratory droplets offer little protection against wildfire smoke. They do not catch small, harmful particles in smoke that can harm your health.

Respiratory droplets are generated by coughing, sneezing, speaking, and singing. These droplets range from 5 to 10 micrometers in size and can be blocked by cloth masks. According to the World Health Organization, scientific evidence demonstrates that droplet transmission and close contact are the main routes of transmission of the virus that causes COVID-19. It is also possible that the virus is transmitted by aerosols, which are droplets less than 5 micrometers in size, although its unclear how much this mode of transmission contributes to the number of infections.

N95 masks are the most effective at filtering respiratory droplets. However the CDC advises the general public not to use N95 masks for slowing the spread of COVID-19, as these are in limited supply and should be reserved for healthcare professionals who are at greater risk of exposure to infectious material. Instead, the CDC recommends that the general public use cloth masks.

Studies show that cloth masks can reduce the spread of respiratory droplets, although they do not provide 100% protection. A 2020 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found that wearing a damp washcloth greatly reduced the release of speech droplets into the air[2]. Another study published in ACS Nano found that well-fitted face masks made of common materials, such as cotton, filtered out 80 to 99% of droplets, depending on droplet size[3]. Studies also demonstrate that face masks can reduce the transmission of viruses that cause respiratory infections, as reported in this Health Feedback review.

However, for people with pre-existing respiratory issues, prolonged use of face masks, including cloth masks, should be exercised with caution. The CDC indicated, Masks should not be worn by: children younger than 2 years old, anyone who has trouble breathing, or anyone who is unconscious, incapacitated, or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.

The recommendation to use cloth masks to reduce virus transmission contrasts with the CDCs advice against using cloth masks for protection from wildfire smoke, because unlike the virus, smoke particles can travel in the air without the aid of another larger particle. This renders smoke particles small enough to pass through the pores of cloth masks.

Smoke contains a variety of particles that can cause asthma, chest pain, and other harmful effects on human health. The most damaging particles are those smaller than 2.5 micrometers, also called PM2.5. Luke Montrose, an assistant professor of community and environmental health at Boise State University, explained in this article in The Conversation:

[PM2.5] defines the cutoff for particles that can travel deep into the lungs and cause the most damage.

The human body is equipped with natural defense mechanisms against particles bigger than PM2.5. As I tell my students, if you have ever coughed up phlegm or blown your nose after being around a campfire and discovered black or brown mucus in the tissue, you have witnessed these mechanisms firsthand.

The really small particles bypass these defenses and disturb the air [sacs] where oxygen crosses over into the blood. Fortunately, we have specialized immune cells present in the air [sacs] called macrophages. Its their job to seek out foreign material and remove or destroy it. However, studies have shown that repeated exposure to elevated levels of wood smoke can suppress macrophages, leading to increases in lung inflammation.

Because of these harmful effects, the CDC recommends that people living in areas affected by wildfires stay indoors as much as possible and use an indoor air filter. These recommendations are particularly important for vulnerable populations, such as the elderly and young children, who are living in the household. When outdoor activity cannot be avoided, the CDC recommended that people avoid wearing cloth masks, which are unable to keep out PM2.5. Instead, they recommend people wear N95 masks, which can filter out about 95% of particles that are 0.3 micrometers (microns) or larger.

In summary, while the Facebook posts and memes are correct in asserting that the pores in the fabric of cloth masks are larger than both the virus that causes COVID-19 and smoke particles, they fail to acknowledge the mechanics of virus transmission. The CDCs advice not to use cloth masks as protection from wildfire smoke is not evidence that cloth masks do not work to reduce virus transmission. Unlike smoke particles, viruses cannot travel in the air on their own and must be carried by droplets, which are much larger than smoke particles and the pores in fabric, and can therefore be blocked by cloth masks.

This fact check is available at IFCNs 2020 US Elections FactChat #Chatbot on WhatsApp. Click here, for more.

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Cloth masks are effective at reducing virus transmission because it spreads in respiratory droplets, which are larger than smoke particles and the...

Build your own robots with this kit on sale for $50.15 – Mashable

Products featured here are selected by our partners at StackCommerce.If you buy something through links on our site, Mashable may earn an affiliate commission.These Smart Nano Bots come with 70 parts, 250 components, and tools.

Image: geeek club

By StackCommerceMashable Shopping2020-09-06 09:00:00 UTC

TL;DR: Have fun while working on your engineering skills with Smart Nano Bots (including 70 parts, 250 components, and tools) for $50.15, a savings of over $100 as of Sept. 6.

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Check out this unboxing video to get a glimpse at what you'll be working with:

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Prices subject to change.

Excerpt from:

Build your own robots with this kit on sale for $50.15 - Mashable

Phase engineering and the final frontier! – Advanced Science News

With a mastery of material phases, over the years scientists have developed more sustainable and groundbreaking technological advancements.

Image credit: chuttersnap on Unsplash

From Harry Potters cloak of invisibility and Star Treks transparent aluminum glasses, an intricate manipulation of the structure of matter has been envisaged to lend material properties that almost seem magical. Arthur Clarkes third law well encapsulates these scenarios from fantasies to fiction: any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic!

Our ability to manipulate materials into a functional form correlates with the evolution of civilization. Metrics on the quality of life improved as we progressed from stone to bronze to iron to ceramic to polymer, and now, to the electronic age. Progress, however, came with a penalty, as is evident from estimates of the enormity of the climate crisis and species extinction rates. Hence, the quest to leapfrog towards sustainable energy technologies is ever more critical.

Mastery over materials has come about as a result of material processing at high temperatures. The high temperature facilitates overcoming energy barriers and enables the material to seek its lowest energy state. While the implications of high-temperature manipulation may be intuitive in non-carbon hard materials like steel, even for soft materials like polymers, pioneering applications came via thermosetting polymers like nitrocellulose. However, the associated most stable structureis not always the one with desired properties. In addition to high temperature, if processing involves high pressure, atoms can be brought closer to each other and the material can be temporarily stabilized with structures not corresponding to that of the lowest energy phase. For example, nature manages to metastabilize carbon as desirable diamonds, but this is via a route that includes both high-pressure and high temperature.

Exploring materials properties as a function of their characteristic dimension, besides just temperature and pressure, gave raise to the birth of nanoscience and nanotechnology. It is only on the nanoscale that one can discuss the phase of materials and still have the surfaces of materials play a vibrant role in terms of energetics of the material. Below the nano-lengthscale, there are only fluxional aggregates of molecules without meaningful convergent properties to deliberate phases of materials. Above the nano-lengthscale, the materials have matured to a less exciting asymptote and do not show any variation in properties as a function of their dimension.

Nanostructures with their emergent properties, like size-dependent optical properties, have captured the imagination of scientists for the last four decades. For example, nanoparticles with the same chemical composition but different sizes may appear to have different colors. Critical to the control of the size of the nanoparticle are chemical species called ligands a word whose Latin origin means to bind. The chemical structure and amount of ligands determine to what extent they bind to the nanoparticles, which in turn control their energy and sizes. Thus, synthesis of nanoparticles in the last four decades involves ligandsetting as opposed to thermosetting practiced over the last four thousand years. This ligand-driven method of manipulation is the essence of chimie douce or soft chemistry, which involves the assembly of materials at ambient pressures and temperatures.

Mother nature is a master of chimie douce and uses it to bequeath biomolecules with an infinite variety of properties. The exquisite variation in properties is most evident in proteins. A protein folds and assembles in an aqueous medium to generate its functional form, which is called its native structure. An artificial physicochemical intervention, like excess salt and heat, may result in the misfolding of proteins into its non-functional structure, which is referred to as non-native polymorph. The non-native protein forms can have a debilitating consequence and have been implicated in diseases like Prions and Alzheimers diseases.

Over the last decade, the concept of non-native polymorphs has been extended systematically to inorganic systems and explored in the context of solar-energy conversion, optoelectronics, electrocatalysis, and lithium-ion-batteries. Using the material design strategy of non-native polymorphs, it is demonstrated that the performance of a variety of electrochemical devices can be improved without changing its chemical composition, thereby broadening the phase space for materials exploration.

With the broadening of (material phase) space and scientists reconnoitering where no one has ever one before, the revelations of the Ministry of Magic and of Star Trek may well appear to be scientific facts rather than fantasy or fiction!

Written by:

Raj Ganesh S. Pala, professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering and an associate faculty of the materials science program, Indian Institute of Technology at Kanpur (IIT-K)

Prashant Kumar Gupta, visiting assistant professor at the Indian Institute of Technology at Dhanbad

Sulay Saha, post-doctoral-fellow at the Washington University at St. Louis

Reference: Sulay Saha, Prashant Kumar Gupta, Raj Ganesh S. Pala, Stabilization of Non-Native Polymorphs for Electrocatalysis and Energy Storage Systems, WIREs Energy and Environment (2020). DOI: 10.1002/wene.389

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Phase engineering and the final frontier! - Advanced Science News

The Role of Electron Microscopy in Battery Research – AZoM

Dr. Shirley Meng is a professor and Zable Endowed Chair at the Jacobs School of Engineering, UC San Diego. She is the principal investigator for the Laboratory for Energy Storage and Conversion (LESC), and also the founding director of the Sustainable Power and Energy Center (SPEC) at UCSD, whose faculty studies materials and devices for energy capture, conversion, and utilization. Dr. Meng was the featured speaker at the Women in Microscopy Breakfast at M&M 2020, where she spoke about her career and the continued importance of women in science. This interview has been edited for length and clarity.

Im actually a microscopist by training. My undergraduate and graduate degrees are both in materials science and engineering, and I have operated electron microscopes and used electron microscopy since I was an undergraduate student.I still remember seeing the rows of atoms show up in the detector for the first time. Its a thrilling feeling thats indescribable. They werent just drawings of balls in a textbook, I was actually seeing the atoms on the screen right in front of me. Youre essentially making the invisible visible, and there are no other tools that allow you to do this, only top-of-the-line microscopes allow you to see atom columns like that.

The center consists of a group of faculty members who are working on the materials and devices that can capture and store energy, convert it from one form to the other, and utilize it. Broadly, we call this distributed energy generation and storage as well as integrated power management.

I lead the Laboratory for Energy Storage and Conversion(LESC), where we work to diagnose and characterize materials for energy storage.

For instance, we look at state-of-the-art lithium-ion batteries in order to understand why their electrode materials degrade and how we can capture this degradation while the device is in operation. We call this operando characterization. Once we figure out how and why the materials degrade, we can formulate engineering strategies to improve their properties in this case, make the batteries safer, more powerful, and longer-lasting.

We use X-ray, neutron, and electron-based tools. For the X-ray and neutron-based experiments, we work with national laboratories in order to access their instrumentation, but we have local access to the electron-based tools, such as electron microscopes and focused ion beam instruments. These are oftentimes Thermo Fisher Scientific products.

Lets be clear; at the moment, batteries are a very safe product. Safe enough that people carry them around every day in their phones, laptops, etc.

The typical accident rate is less than 1 in 10 million cells; however, we now have hundreds of thousands of electric cars (running on lithium-ion batteries) being sold everywhere around the world. As they are part of a vehicle, the safety of the batteries is now extremely important; when theres a vehicular accident, we don't want to see it amplified by the battery catching fire or exploding. Thats why current research focuses on things like solid-state batteries, where the flammable liquid electrolyte is replaced by a solid-state electrolyte, making the battery safer without sacrificing energy or power.

So, thats one of the main areas of battery research, and we are very excited to be part of it. At the same time, characterization and diagnostic tools allow us to figure out which solid-state electrolytes are the best choice for the next generation of batteries.

Energy storage is typically considered the Achilles heel of the renewable energy transition and is one of the biggest drivers of research in the field. When youre producing wind and solar energy, you have to have sufficient energy storage capacity so that it can be stored when its available and then used later, when its needed.

In this regard, electrochemical devices, like batteries, are really critical. They convert the electricity to chemical bonding energy and then back from chemical energy to electricity without combustion. So, it's an extremely efficient process. This technology will really be a game-changer if we want to cut CO2 emission and enable renewable energy technologies. Electric motors can have infinite torque, therefore, the transition to electric vehicles (EV) is driven by the combination of better technology and societal benefits we can be green while enjoying a better vehicle driving experience.

In fact, I think whats different now, compared to 20 years ago, is that corporations can be green, can achieve sustainability, and can make a profit. I believe a lot of industry leaders are going to step in and say, you know, this is an economic decision. We're no longer doing this because there are government subsidies or because we're just getting social returns.

If companies can be even more profitable by being green and being sustainable, this would go a long way to addressing climate change, really slow it down and make the planet a more livable and enjoyable place. I think thats the message I really want to give; you can now be sustainable and make a lot of money.

I think the motivation for all the researchers, graduate students, and postdocs in my laboratory is a fundamental understanding of a materials properties, but this knowledge is only impactful if we find the end-users, the companies, who are actually going to make or utilize these materials in their products. I want to know how we can help them make a better product that is going to positively impact society. Thats why I am actually very motivated to have a strong collaboration with industry partners.

For instance, SPEC has a program where companies can partner with us to fund a graduate student fellowship. This way, they can get a first-hand look at all the intellectual property that is generated. Meanwhile, the students have a very oriented mission for their research, since what they are doing is clearly connected to a final product.

We use high-end instruments, like transmission electron microscopes (TEMs) and synchrotron X-ray sources, to answer specific questions that our industrial partners cant. We can actually dissect the samples and go down to the atomic level, to the nanoscale, to find true answers. Where are the defects? Where are the problems that have happened? Then we feed that knowledge back to our industry partners.

If things like battery failure are happening at the nanoscale, at a molecular level, you need advanced tools to really dig into where the failure starts. You also need the ability to interpret the results of your experiments. This is where academic institutions are extremely useful; our skills are complementary to what the industry is trying to accomplish, and its why our partnership usually works very well.

Yes, our group is also funded through the National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, and several other federal agencies. Our researchers can use these resources to generate a lot of fundamental understanding and knowledge.

Of course, ideally, this research can reach a point where some actual impact can be measured; I think our most impactful work is directly applicable to the products created by our industry partners. So, really, its a collaborative effort between academia, industry, and the federal government; they all complement each other.

Obviously, there are very clear boundaries as well. As a research institution, we don't develop a product. Our students and postdocs, the human capital, is what we'll offer to society later knowledge and human resources.

The common tool we use is scanning electron microscopy (SEM). However, if you take a battery, it's very bulky and there are layers of cathode, anode, electrolytes, and separators. And on these layers, you have millions of particles you want to analyze. In order to do a detailed diagnosis of the battery, we need some kind of tool to extract samples. For this, we use a focused ion beam (FIB). In the past, this was a gallium ion beam, but through our collaboration with Thermo Fisher Scientific, we now have access to a plasma FIB, where we can cut a much larger area with higher efficiency.

With the combined FIB and SEM, we can see particles at the micrometer level. Once we have processed the sample, we can then go to the transmission electron microscope, where we can look at the sample at the nanoscale or even the angstrom scale, allowing us to see atoms and molecules. We do this because, to really diagnose battery materials properly, we need to have access to multiple scales with a suite of tools, allowing us to actually probe materials and understand their properties.

So, in my world, I view myself as a doctor for batteries. When a person is sick, the doctor needs a correct diagnosis in order to give the right prescription. To do that, they run many different tests; they draw blood, they take an X-ray or an MRI, etc.

Similarly, we diagnose and characterize materials in order to make sure they are operating at their best optimum conditions. This is critical because they end up in devices that billions of people are carrying every day, everywhere, in the car, on planes, everywhere. We need to diagnose where failures could happen, where issues might occur, using the most advanced tools, characterization, and computations possible. That's why I'm doing what I'm doing, and I'm very excited to share this experience.

We now have a very big community of battery researchers across the world, and I'm hoping that even more, bright and brilliant young scientists will join this field in the future. Were already seeing the younger generation of researchers introduce things like higher throughput characterization and artificial intelligence for data interpretation. The field is really exciting, and there are so many things that could be enabled with advanced characterization tools.

Diversity and inclusion drive innovation and creativity. My own journey as a woman in science started at the age of seven when my dad introduced to me the story about Dr. Marie Curie, the only woman who was awarded the Nobel Prize twice: Nothing in life is to be feared, it is only to be understood. Her words have been the guiding principle for me since then. Over the last hundred years, women collectively have made a lot of inroads in the STEM field, but to achieve true equity, our journey will continue. The field of science will attract more talent and become the first choice for women to launch and build their careers if all of us (men and women) are in this together. I feel privileged to be one of the women in science and to be part of the force to implement change. I hope these messages are clearly conveyed to the attendees of the Women in Microscopy Breakfast.

Dr. Y. Shirley Meng received her Ph.D. in Advance Materials for Micro & Nano Systems from the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) Centre in 2005, after which she worked as a postdoc research fellow and subsequent research scientist at MIT. Dr. Meng is currently a professor at the Jacobs School of Engineering at the University of California San Diego (UCSD), where she holds the position of Zable Endowed Chair in Energy Technologies.

Dr. Meng is the principal investigator of the Laboratory for Energy Storage and Conversion (LESC) and is the founding Director of the Sustainable Power and Energy Center (SPEC) at UCSD. In 2020, she was also named as the inaugural director of the Institute for Materials Discovery and Design (IMDD).

She is the author and co-author of more than 200 peer-reviewed journal articles, two book chapters and four issued patents, and is the Editor-in-Chief for the Materials Research Society journal MRS Energy & Sustainability.

Disclaimer: The views expressed here are those of the interviewee and do not necessarily represent the views of AZoM.com Limited (T/A) AZoNetwork, the owner and operator of this website. This disclaimer forms part of the Terms and Conditions of use of this website.

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The Role of Electron Microscopy in Battery Research - AZoM

Impact Of Covid-19 on Graphene Market 2020 Industry Challenges, Business Overview and Forecast Research Study 2026 – Owned

Graphene Market Data and Acquisition Research Study with Trends and Opportunities 2019-2024The study of Graphene market is a compilation of the market of Graphene broken down into its entirety on the basis of types, application, trends and opportunities, mergers and acquisitions, drivers and restraints, and a global outreach. The detailed study also offers a board interpretation of the Graphene industry from a variety of data points that are collected through reputable and verified sources. Furthermore, the study sheds a lights on a market interpretations on a global scale which is further distributed through distribution channels, generated incomes sources and a marginalized market space where most trade occurs.

Along with a generalized market study, the report also consists of the risks that are often neglected when it comes to the Graphene industry in a comprehensive manner. The study is also divided in an analytical space where the forecast is predicted through a primary and secondary research methodologies along with an in-house model.

Download PDF Sample of Graphene Market report @ https://hongchunresearch.com/request-a-sample/74744

Key players in the global Graphene market covered in Chapter 4:The New Hong MstarDeyang Carbon TechnologyAngstron MaterialsPerpetuus Advanced MaterialsNano X ploreCambridge NanosystemsUnited Nano-TechnologiesXG ScienceGroup Tangshan JianhuaAbalonyxNing Bo Mo Xi TechnologyJining Leader Nano TechnologyThomas SwanGranpheneaBeijing Carbon Century TechnologySixth Element Technology

In Chapter 11 and 13.3, on the basis of types, the Graphene market from 2015 to 2026 is primarily split into:Graphene PowderGraphene OxideGraphene Film

In Chapter 12 and 13.4, on the basis of applications, the Graphene market from 2015 to 2026 covers:Photovoltaic CellsComposite MaterialsBiological EngineeringOther

Geographically, the detailed analysis of consumption, revenue, market share and growth rate, historic and forecast (2015-2026) of the following regions are covered in Chapter 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13:North America (Covered in Chapter 6 and 13)United StatesCanadaMexicoEurope (Covered in Chapter 7 and 13)GermanyUKFranceItalySpainRussiaOthersAsia-Pacific (Covered in Chapter 8 and 13)ChinaJapanSouth KoreaAustraliaIndiaSoutheast AsiaOthersMiddle East and Africa (Covered in Chapter 9 and 13)Saudi ArabiaUAEEgyptNigeriaSouth AfricaOthersSouth America (Covered in Chapter 10 and 13)BrazilArgentinaColumbiaChileOthers

For a global outreach, the Graphene study also classifies the market into a global distribution where key market demographics are established based on the majority of the market share. The following markets that are often considered for establishing a global outreach are North America, Europe, Asia, and the Rest of the World. Depending on the study, the following markets are often interchanged, added, or excluded as certain markets only adhere to certain products and needs.

Here is a short glance at what the study actually encompasses:Study includes strategic developments, latest product launches, regional growth markers and mergers & acquisitionsRevenue, cost price, capacity & utilizations, import/export rates and market shareForecast predictions are generated from analytical data sources and calculated through a series of in-house processes.

However, based on requirements, this report could be customized for specific regions and countries.

Brief about Graphene Market Report with [emailprotected] https://hongchunresearch.com/report/graphene-market-size-2020-74744

Some Point of Table of Content:

Chapter One: Report Overview

Chapter Two: Global Market Growth Trends

Chapter Three: Value Chain of Graphene Market

Chapter Four: Players Profiles

Chapter Five: Global Graphene Market Analysis by Regions

Chapter Six: North America Graphene Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter Seven: Europe Graphene Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter Eight: Asia-Pacific Graphene Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter Nine: Middle East and Africa Graphene Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter Ten: South America Graphene Market Analysis by Countries

Chapter Eleven: Global Graphene Market Segment by Types

Chapter Twelve: Global Graphene Market Segment by Applications12.1 Global Graphene Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Applications (2015-2020)12.1.1 Global Graphene Sales and Market Share by Applications (2015-2020)12.1.2 Global Graphene Revenue and Market Share by Applications (2015-2020)12.2 Photovoltaic Cells Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)12.3 Composite Materials Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)12.4 Biological Engineering Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)12.5 Other Sales, Revenue and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

Chapter Thirteen: Graphene Market Forecast by Regions (2020-2026) continued

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List of tablesList of Tables and FiguresTable Global Graphene Market Size Growth Rate by Type (2020-2026)Figure Global Graphene Market Share by Type in 2019 & 2026Figure Graphene Powder FeaturesFigure Graphene Oxide FeaturesFigure Graphene Film FeaturesTable Global Graphene Market Size Growth by Application (2020-2026)Figure Global Graphene Market Share by Application in 2019 & 2026Figure Photovoltaic Cells DescriptionFigure Composite Materials DescriptionFigure Biological Engineering DescriptionFigure Other DescriptionFigure Global COVID-19 Status OverviewTable Influence of COVID-19 Outbreak on Graphene Industry DevelopmentTable SWOT AnalysisFigure Porters Five Forces AnalysisFigure Global Graphene Market Size and Growth Rate 2015-2026Table Industry NewsTable Industry PoliciesFigure Value Chain Status of GrapheneFigure Production Process of GrapheneFigure Manufacturing Cost Structure of GrapheneFigure Major Company Analysis (by Business Distribution Base, by Product Type)Table Downstream Major Customer Analysis (by Region)Table The New Hong Mstar ProfileTable The New Hong Mstar Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Deyang Carbon Technology ProfileTable Deyang Carbon Technology Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Angstron Materials ProfileTable Angstron Materials Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Perpetuus Advanced Materials ProfileTable Perpetuus Advanced Materials Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Nano X plore ProfileTable Nano X plore Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Cambridge Nanosystems ProfileTable Cambridge Nanosystems Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table United Nano-Technologies ProfileTable United Nano-Technologies Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table XG Science ProfileTable XG Science Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Group Tangshan Jianhua ProfileTable Group Tangshan Jianhua Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Abalonyx ProfileTable Abalonyx Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Ning Bo Mo Xi Technology ProfileTable Ning Bo Mo Xi Technology Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Jining Leader Nano Technology ProfileTable Jining Leader Nano Technology Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Thomas Swan ProfileTable Thomas Swan Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Granphenea ProfileTable Granphenea Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Beijing Carbon Century Technology ProfileTable Beijing Carbon Century Technology Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Table Sixth Element Technology ProfileTable Sixth Element Technology Production, Value, Price, Gross Margin 2015-2020Figure Global Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Global Graphene Revenue ($) and Growth (2015-2020)Table Global Graphene Sales by Regions (2015-2020)Table Global Graphene Sales Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)Table Global Graphene Revenue ($) by Regions (2015-2020)Table Global Graphene Revenue Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)Table Global Graphene Revenue Market Share by Regions in 2015Table Global Graphene Revenue Market Share by Regions in 2019Figure North America Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Europe Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Asia-Pacific Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Middle East and Africa Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure South America Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure North America Graphene Revenue ($) and Growth (2015-2020)Table North America Graphene Sales by Countries (2015-2020)Table North America Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)Figure North America Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries in 2015Figure North America Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries in 2019Table North America Graphene Revenue ($) by Countries (2015-2020)Table North America Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)Figure North America Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries in 2015Figure North America Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries in 2019Figure United States Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Canada Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Mexico Graphene Sales and Growth (2015-2020)Figure Europe Graphene Revenue ($) Growth (2015-2020)Table Europe Graphene Sales by Countries (2015-2020)Table Europe Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)Figure Europe Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries in 2015Figure Europe Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries in 2019Table Europe Graphene Revenue ($) by Countries (2015-2020)Table Europe Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)Figure Europe Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries in 2015Figure Europe Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries in 2019Figure Germany Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure UK Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure France Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Italy Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Spain Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Russia Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Asia-Pacific Graphene Revenue ($) and Growth (2015-2020)Table Asia-Pacific Graphene Sales by Countries (2015-2020)Table Asia-Pacific Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)Figure Asia-Pacific Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries in 2015Figure Asia-Pacific Graphene Sales Market Share by Countries in 2019Table Asia-Pacific Graphene Revenue ($) by Countries (2015-2020)Table Asia-Pacific Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries (2015-2020)Figure Asia-Pacific Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries in 2015Figure Asia-Pacific Graphene Revenue Market Share by Countries in 2019Figure China Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Japan Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure South Korea Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Australia Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure India Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Southeast Asia Graphene Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)Figure Middle East and Africa Graphene Revenue ($) and Growth (2015-2020) continued

About HongChun Research:HongChun Research main aim is to assist our clients in order to give a detailed perspective on the current market trends and build long-lasting connections with our clientele. Our studies are designed to provide solid quantitative facts combined with strategic industrial insights that are acquired from proprietary sources and an in-house model.

Contact Details:Jennifer GrayManager Global Sales+ 852 8170 0792[emailprotected]

NOTE: Our report does take into account the impact of coronavirus pandemic and dedicates qualitative as well as quantitative sections of information within the report that emphasizes the impact of COVID-19.

As this pandemic is ongoing and leading to dynamic shifts in stocks and businesses worldwide, we take into account the current condition and forecast the market data taking into consideration the micro and macroeconomic factors that will be affected by the pandemic.

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Impact Of Covid-19 on Graphene Market 2020 Industry Challenges, Business Overview and Forecast Research Study 2026 - Owned

Copper-coated face masks could help slow transmission of COVID-19: U of T researchers – News@UofT

A team of researchers from the University of Torontos Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering aredeveloping a new way to coat tiny particles of copper onto the inside of fabrics, including those used in face masks a technology that could provide an extra layer of safety against COVID-19.

The goal is to deposit very fine copper particles onto both woven and non-woven fabrics using twin-wire arc (TWA) spray technology. The fabric would then be used in one of the layers of a reusable fabric face mask. Its anticipated the copper-embedded fabric will not affect filter or flow rate parameters and will be able to kill most viral and other pathogens within a few minutes.

By embedding the copper into the fabric, the researchers say masks could provide a continuous and proactive fight against the transmission of current and evolving harmful pathogens without altering the physical barrier properties of the masks themselves.

The anti-microbial properties of copper have been observed since ancient times. Egyptian and Babylonian soldiers would place bronze shavings in their wounds to reduce infection and speed up healing. Today, Mostaghimi and his team including EngineeringsMohini Sain andLarry Pershin,James A. Scott of the Dalla Lana School of Public Health andMaurice Ringuetteof the department of cell and systems biology in the Faculty of Arts & Scienceare exploiting the very same anti-microbial properties to develop coatings that safeguard everything from office furniture to personal protective equipment.

Mostaghimi directs theCentre for Advanced Coating Technologies (CACT)and has studied the impact of copper coatings oninfections in health-care settings for years, seeing first-hand how copper coatings applied to high-touch surfaces can help kill bacteria.

In one study, a copper coating was applied to the handles of half the chairs in a Toronto General Hospital waiting room. Over the course of five months, researchers recordeda 68 per cent reduction of viable bacteria cells per square centimetreon the treated chair handles.

Research from other groups shows COVID-19 surviving up to two to three days on stainless steel and even longer on other surfaces. However, it has been demonstrated that coronavirus particles are inactivated within four hours when exposed to a copper-coated surface at room temperature.

Traditionally, implementing copper coatings would be very expensive, Mostaghimi explains. But our research has developed a method that makes applying copper coatings more economically viable.

The CACT method is known as twin-wire arc spray. The wire part refers to the fact that the raw copper is supplied in the form of copper wire, which is more affordable than copper powders. The spray allows for large surfaces to be coated efficiently.

Another advantage is that the TWA method allows for spray parameters to be tightly controlled so that even heat-sensitive surfaces wood, fabrics, even cardboard can be coated.

Mostaghimi and his team were awarded anAlliance Grant from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)to explore the possibility applying the TWA method to create copper-embedded fabrics for manufacturing reusable face masks.

For their project, titledCopper Embedded Fabrics and Face masks for Rapid, Irreversible Destruction of COVID-19, Mostaghimi and his team are collaborating with Green Nano Technologies Inc., which will produce a pilot run of the copper embedded face masks.

Using our TWA spray technology, we will be able to produce copper-embedded masks at a marginally more expensive cost than N95 surgical face masks, saysPershin, CACTs centre manager.

Additionally, as copper degrades both DNA and RNA genetic material, the masks will have the added benefit of irreversibly inactivating all microbial pathogens, regardless of their mutation rates even after masks were disposed.

Various copper concentrations will be tested on the fabrics to help determine the optimal parameters for destroying the virus. The copper-embedded fabrics will be tested by Ringuette, whose team will use the fluid released from ruptured virus-infected bacteria, called bacteriophage lysates, to simulate SARS-CoV-2on the masks.

The research has potential health and safety benefits that could extend well beyond thecurrent pandemic. Affordable, reusable anti-viral PPE for health-care workers could mean a decrease in disease transmission in health-care facilities and a reduction associated infections.

See more here:

Copper-coated face masks could help slow transmission of COVID-19: U of T researchers - News@UofT

Nano Gas Sensors Market 2020 Growth Opportunities and Revenue Statistics to 2025 By Top Players | Raytheon Company, Ball Aerospace and Technologies,…

Nano Gas Sensors Market With COVID-19 Analysis 2020-2025:

The report has been prepared based on the synthesis, analysis, and interpretation of information about the Nano Gas Sensors market collected from specialized sources. The competitive landscape section of the report provides a clear insight into the market share analysis of key industry players. company overview, financial overview, product portfolio, new project launched, recent development analysis are the parameters included in the profile.

Company overview, financial overview, product portfolio, new project launched, recent development analysis are the parameters included in the profile. The study then describes the drivers and restraints forthe marketalong with the impact they have on the demand over the forecast period. Additionally, the report includes the study of opportunities available in the market on a global level.Finally, the report in order to meet the users requirements is also available.

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The key manufacturers in this market include : , Raytheon Company, Ball Aerospace and Technologies, Thales Group, Lockheed Martin Corporation, Environmental Sensors, Emerson, Siemens, Agilent Technologies, Shimadzu, Futek, Dytran, Nemoto, Endress Hauser, Falcon Analytical, ,.

By the product type, the market is primarily split into : , Semiconductor Nano Gas Sensor, Electrochemistry Nano Gas Sensor, Photochemistry (IR Etc) Nano Gas Sensor, Others, ,

By the end users/application, this report covers the following segments : , Electricity Generation, Automobiles, Petrochemical, Aerospace & Defense, Medical, Biochemical Engineering, Others, ,

This study gives data on patterns and improvements, and spotlights on Markets and materials, limits and on the changing structure of the Nano Gas Sensors Industry. The key motivation behind the report is to give a proper and key examination of this industry.

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Moreover, the report includes analysis of different products available in the Nano Gas Sensors market on the subject of production volume, revenue, pricing structure, and demand and supply figures.The report highlights profitable business strategies of market competitors along with their business expansion, composition, partnership deals, and new product/service launches.

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Nano Gas Sensors Market 2020 Growth Opportunities and Revenue Statistics to 2025 By Top Players | Raytheon Company, Ball Aerospace and Technologies,...

Food dyes, tattoo ink can be used to detect cancer: Study – BusinessLine

New research carried out by the USC Viterbi Department of Biomedical Engineering has claimed that widely popular colouring agents including tattoo inks and food dyes could help improve the detection of cancer, as per the study published in the journal Biomaterials Science.

The researchers developed new imaging contrast agents using common dyes such as tattoo ink and food dyes to detect cancer.

They stated in their study that when these dyes are attached to nano-particles, they can illuminate cancerous cells inside the body, allowing medical professionals to better differentiate between cancer cells and normal adjacent cells.

Researchers maintained that the detection of cancer is tough without proper imaging agents; contrast materials which when injected into patients, allow for imaging such as MRI and CT to function with better sensitivity and specificity.

This further enables medical professionals to diagnose with accuracy, and for surgeons to identify the exact margins of tumours.

Cristina Zavaleta, lead author of the study, said in a statement: For instance, if the problem is colon cancer, this is detected via endoscopy. But an endoscope is literally just a flashlight on the end of a stick, so it will only give information about the structure of the colon you can see a polyp and know you need to take a biopsy.

But if we could provide imaging tools to help doctors see whether that particular polyp is cancerous or just benign, maybe they dont even need to take it, she noted.

The researchers further explained that the illuminated nano-particles move through a blood vessel to look for cancer. And, when the colouring dyes are used with the nano-particles, more sensitive imaging contrast can be done of the cancerous cells.

To achieve this, the team has discovered a unique source of optical contrasting agents from household colouring dyes.

These optical inks can be attached to cancer-targeting nano-particles to improve cancer detection and localisation.

Zavaleta and the team are considering using common food dyes that could be attached to the nano-particles. This may include the dyes found in colourful candies like Skittles and M&Ms. These dyes already have the approval of the US Food and Drug Administration Department (FDA) for human consumption.

If you encapsulate a bunch of dyes in a nano-particle, youre going to be able to see it better because it is going to be brighter. Its like using a packet of dyes rather than just one single dye, Zavaleta added.

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Food dyes, tattoo ink can be used to detect cancer: Study - BusinessLine

Surgical Instruments Tracking Systems Market Predicted to Accelerate the Growth by 2018-2028 – Scientect

Surgical Instruments Tracking Systems Market: Introduction

Surgical instruments tracking systems have been accessible for use in medical field for several years. Today, surgical instruments tracking systems have turned into a need. The previous four to five years have witnessed major changes in tracking systems. Rapid advances in instruments tracking systems technologies such as nano-engineering and opto-electrical engineering have created new avenues in recent years. Need for unobtrusive and automated tracking systems will keep demands lucrative in coming years.

The report by TMR Research takes a closer look at recent trends impacting the revenue potential of various players and offers insights into imminent investment pockets in key markets.

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Surgical Instruments Tracking Systems Market: Key Development

Some of the most prominent competitors operating in the competitive landscape of global surgical instruments tracking systems market include

Most players are embracing a few organic and inorganic and natural systems, for example, new launches and product advancements, mergers and acquisitions, and collaborations alongside expansion on regional and global scale for serving the unmet needs of users.

Surgical Instruments Tracking Systems Market Dynamics

Rising instances of surgical instruments left in the human body after medical procedures and instrument scattering are the main considerations driving the evolution of the surgical instruments tracking systems market. As indicated by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), the casualty rate of held surgical articles is around 2.0%. Along these lines, the requirement for cutting edge innovations, for example, 2D scanner tags and RFID to follow the held instruments while the patient is still in the task theater, is rising. This factor is anticipated to push the surgical instruments tracking systems market.

Rising popularity of instruments tracking devices by emergency clinics is another main consideration boosting the market development. Following healthcare gadgets and stock administration during work cycle including medical procedure, post-medical procedure, sanitization, and storage systems are a portion of the serious issues supervised by emergency clinics. Along these lines, they are embracing new technologies to follow these gadgets and systems, which thus is relied upon to stimulate the market.

A portion of the regular instruments that are accidently left in a patients body during medical procedure consists of sponges, blades, needles, electrosurgical adapters, clamps, scalpels, safety pins, scissors, and towels. Among these instruments, towels are probably the most common thing left behind by mistake. Surgical instruments left in patients bodies will in general cut veins and puncture blood vessels that might lead to internal bleeding, creating a pressing need for technologies to track these instruments.

Expanding requirement for stock administration and usage of Unique Device Identification (UDI) guidelines by the FDA are foreseen to drive the market. Innovative headways and initiatives by governments to adopt these gadgets is foreseen to additionally boost the market in the coming years.

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Surgical Instruments Tracking Systems Market: Geographical Analysis

In 2018, North America contributed sizable revenue shares in the global surgical instruments tracking systems market. The launch of unique device identification (UDI) framework by the U.S. FDA for accurately identifying proof of medicinal gadgets through their distribution networks is one of the central points credited to this lead. Moreover, the presence of well-established healthcare infrastructure, fast adoption of cutting-edge products, and high per capita healthcare consumption in other developed regions, such as Europe, are foreseen to fuel the global surgical instruments tracking systems market.

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Surgical Instruments Tracking Systems Market Predicted to Accelerate the Growth by 2018-2028 - Scientect

3D Printed Implants Market: Growing Biomedical Applications of 3D Technology is Expected to Boost the Market – BioSpace

Global 3D Printed Implants Market: An Overview

The global 3D printed implants market is an important part of the growing larger trend, the 3D printing in medical applications.

The global 3D printed implants market players are serving a crucial need of the medical sector. Medical processes can be enhanced with training on artificial models before surgeries. Additionally, the products in the global 3D printed implants market are helping reconstruction of entire facial features, limbs and tissue lost during serious illnesses such as Arthritis and much more.

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Moreover, due to growing advancements in technologies such as nano-materials, today physicians can recreate exact replicas of individual anatomy and extend their services naturally. Moreover, critical surgeries like heart replacement and total joint replacement have also become feasible, thanks to virtual planning and guidance provided by 3D printed technology.

Currently new material advances such as polymer based hearts and other organs are making their ways into the medical field. Orthopedic implants like the ones made up of metals are also on the rise. This new material promotes osseointegration and increase the ability of surface bearing load capabilities. Today, many healthcare institutions, especially hospitals are introducing 3D printed machinery in their operations through radiology departments.

Additionally, the devices created using 3D printed technology are superior to conventional ones. For example, printed casts for fractured bones can be open and custom-fitted. These enable wearers to scratch, ventilate, and wash the damaged area. Additionally, these can also be recycled.

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The growing advancements in materials, supporting technology, and increasing medical applications are expected to drive significant growth for the printed implants market in the near future.

Global 3D Printed Implants Market: Notable Developments

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Global 3D Printed Implants Market: Key Trends

The global 3D printed implants market is witnessing positive developments such as identical bone customized implants, CT-bone, and zygoma augmentation process. The additional control over medical processes provided by the 3D printed implant technology is expected to create many opportunities for various players in the market. Moreover, rising R&D development, increase in medical surgeries, and growing biomedical applications of 3D technology are also expected to boost the 3D printed implants market.

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However, high initial investments in the technology, lack of skilled technician, and longer production queues are expected to limit growth of the 3D printed implants market. However, the growth in cranial as well as orthopedic implants are likely to offset the setbacks in favor of the 3D printed implants market. The growth in the orthopedic segment reached an all-time high in 2018. It is expected to drive more tumor surgeries to create robust new opportunities.

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3D Printed Implants Market: Growing Biomedical Applications of 3D Technology is Expected to Boost the Market - BioSpace

MIT partners with national labs on two new National Quantum Information Science Research Centers – MIT News

Early this year, the U.S. Department of Energy sent out a call for proposals as it announced it would award up to $625 million in funding over the next five years to establish multidisciplinary National Quantum Information Science (QIS) Research Centers. These awards would support theNational Quantum Initiative Act, passed in 2018 to accelerate the development of quantum science and information technology applications.

Now, MIT is a partner institute on two QIS Research Centers that the Department of Energy has selected for funding.

One of the centers, the Co-design Center for Quantum Advantage (C2QA), will be led by Brookhaven National Laboratory. MIT participation in this center will be coordinated by Professor Isaac Chuang through the Center for Theoretical Physics.

The other center, the Quantum Systems Accelerator (QSA), will be led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE) and MIT Lincoln Laboratory are partners on this center. Professor William Oliver, a Lincoln Laboratory fellow and director of the Center for Quantum Engineering, and Eric Dauler, who leads the Quantum Information and Integrated Nanosystems Group at Lincoln Laboratory, will coordinate MIT research activities with this center.

Quantum information science and engineering research is a core strength at MIT, ranging broadly from algorithms and molecular chemistry to atomic and superconducting qubits, as well as quantum gravity and the foundations of computer science.This new funding from the Department of Energy will connectongoing vibrant MIT research in quantum information with teams seeking to harness and discover quantum technologies, says Chuang.

Devices based on the mysterious phenomena of quantum physics have begun to reshape the technology landscape. In recent years, researchers have been pursuing advanced quantum systems, like those that could lead to tamper-proof communications systems and computers that could tackle problems today's machines would need billions of years to solve.

The foundational expertise, infrastructure, and resources that MIT will bring to both QIS research centers is expected to help accelerate the development of such quantum technologies.

Much of the theoretical and algorithmic foundation for quantum information science, as well as early experimental implementations, were developed at MIT. The QIS research centers build on this experience and the broader landscape. It is fantastic that MIT is participating with two centers, and this reflects our strength and breadth, says Oliver.

Each QIS research center incorporates a collaborative research team spanning multiple scientific and engineering disciplines and multiple institutions. Both centers are focused on pushing quantum computers beyond-NISQ, the acronym referring to today's generation of noisy intermediate-scale quantum systems. The long-term goal is to develop a universal quantum computer, the kind that can perform computational tasks that would be practically impossible for traditional supercomputers to solve. To get there, researchers face enormous challenges in creating and controlling the perfect conditions for large numbers of quantum bits (qubits) to interact and store information long enough to perform calculations.

Unlike most previous efforts, contributors from the algorithm, quantum computing, and quantum engineering areas will all need to work together to achieve the community's acceleration toward this ambitious goal, says John Chiaverini, a principal investigator in the Quantum Information and Integrated Nanosystems Group.

In their partnership with the QSA, RLE and Lincoln Laboratory researchers will focus their efforts on co-designing fundamental engineering approaches, with the goal of enabling larger programmable quantum systems built from neutral atoms, trapped ions, and superconducting qubits. Advancing all three hardware approaches to quantum computation within a coordinated, center-scale effort will enable uniquely collaborative development efforts and a deeper understanding of the fundamental quantum engineering constraints, says Dauler. As larger systems are realized, they will be used by researchers throughout the center to feed quantum science research.

We look forward to further strengthening our research collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Sandia National Laboratories, and the partner universities to create many advances in quantum information science through the Quantum Systems Accelerator, says Lincoln Laboratory Director Eric Evans.

At the C2QA, experts in QIS, materials science, computer science, and theory will focus on the superconducting qubit modality and work together to resolve performance issues with quantum computers by simultaneously co-designing software and hardware. Through these parallel efforts, the team will understand and control material properties to extend coherence time, or how long the qubits can function; design devices to generate more robust qubits; optimize algorithms to target specific scientific applications; and develop error-correction solutions.

MIT's cutting-edge facilities will bolster these collaborations. Lincoln Laboratory has the Microelectronics Laboratory, an ISO-9001-certified facility for fabricating advanced circuits for superconducting and trapped-ion quantum bit applications, and MIT.nano offers more than 20,000 square feet of clean-room space for making and testing quantum devices.

I'm excited by the opportunity the research centers offer to collaborate, and to better advance the state of knowledge and technology in the quantum area.Specifically, the collaboration offers a new avenue for the U.S. quantum information science community to access the unique design, fabrication, and testing capabilities at MIT and Lincoln Laboratory, including the Microelectronics Laboratory and numerous laboratories specializing in advanced packaging and testing, says Robert Atkins, who leads the Advanced Technology Division overseeing quantum computing research at Lincoln Laboratory.

Participation in both centers will complement other major programs that MIT has initiated in recent years, including the MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab, which aims to advance artificial intelligence hardware, software, and algorithms; the MIT Stephen A. Schwarzman College of Computing, which spans all five of MIT's schools; and the most-recently established Center for Quantum Engineering out of RLE and Lincoln Laboratory.

In addition to selecting these two MIT-affiliated centers, the Department of Energy announced funding for three additional QIS research centers. These investments, according to the department, represent a long-term, large-scale commitment of U.S. scientific and technological resources to a highly competitive and promising new area of investigation, with enormous potential to transform science and technology.

The QIS research centers will assure that advances in fundamental research in quantum science will progress to practical applications to benefit national security and many other segments of society, says MIT Vice President for Research Maria Zuber. The pace of discovery in this field is rapid, and the combined strengths of campus and Lincoln Laboratory are very well-aligned to lead in this area.

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MIT partners with national labs on two new National Quantum Information Science Research Centers - MIT News

A new platform for controlled delivery of key nanoscale drugs and more – MIT News

In work that could have a major impact on several industries from pharmaceuticals to cosmetics and even food MIT engineers have developed a novel platform for the controlled delivery of certain important drugs, nutrients, and other substances to human cells.

The researchers believe that their simple approach, which creates small capsules containing thousands of nanosized droplets loaded with a drug or other active ingredient, will be easy to transition from the lab to industry.

The active ingredients in many consumer products intended for use in or on the human body do not easily dissolve in water. As a result, they are hard for the body to absorb, and it is difficult to control their delivery to cells.

In the pharmaceutical industry alone, 40 percent of currently marketed drugs and 90 percent of drugs in development are hydrophobic wherein [their] low water solubility greatly limits their bioavailability and absorption efficiency, the MIT team writes in a paper on the work in the August 28 issue of the journal Advanced Science.

Nanoemulsions to the Rescue

Those drugs and other hydrophobic active ingredients do, however, dissolve in oil. Hence the growing interest in nanoemulsions, the nanoscale equivalent of an oil-and-vinegar salad dressing that consists of miniscule droplets of oil dispersed in water. Dissolved in each oil droplet is the active ingredient of interest.

Among other advantages, the ingredient-loaded droplets can easily pass through cell walls. Each droplet is so small that between 1,000 to 5,000 could fit across the width of a human hair. (Their macroscale counterparts are too big to get through.) Once the droplets are inside the cell, their payload can exert an effect. The droplets are also exceptionally stable, resulting in a long shelf life, and can carry a large amount of active ingredient for their size.

But theres a problem: How do you encapsulate a nanoemulsion into a dosage form like a pill? The technologies for doing so are still nascent.

In one of the most promising approaches, the nanoemulsion is encapsulated in a 3D network of a polymer gel to form small beads. Currently, however, when ingested those beads release their payload the ingredient-loaded oil droplets all at once. There is no control over the process.

The MIT team solved this by adding a shell, or capsule, around large individual droplets of nanoemulsion, each containing thousands of nano oil droplets. That shell not only protects the nano droplets inside from harmful physiological conditions in the body, but also could be used to mask the often unpalatable taste of the active ingredients they contain.

The result is a pill about 5 millimeters in diameter with a biodegradable shell that in turn can be tuned to release its contents at specific times. This is done by changing the thickness of the shell. To date they have successfully tested the system with both ibuprofen and Vitamin E.

Our new delivery platform can be applied to a broad range of nanoemulsions, which themselves contain active ingredients ranging from drugs to nutraceuticals and sunscreens. Having this new control over how you deliver them opens up many new avenues in terms of future applications, says Patrick Doyle, the Robert T. Haslam Professor of Chemical Engineering and senior author of the paper.

His colleagues on the work are Liang-Hsun Chen, a graduate student in chemical engineering and first author of the paper, and Li-Chiun Cheng SM 18, PhD 20, who received his PhD in chemical engineering earlier this year and is now at LiquiGlide.

Many Advantages

The MIT platform has a number of advantages in addition to its simplicity and scalability to industry. For example, the shell itself is derived from the cell walls of brown algae, so its very natural and biocompatible with human bodies, says Chen.

Further, the process for making the nanoemulsion containing its payload is economical because the simple stirring involved requires little energy. The process is also really gentle, which protects the [active] molecule of interest, like a drug, says Doyle. Harsher techniques can damage them.

The team also demonstrated the ability to turn the liquid nanoemulsion inside each shell into a solid core, which could allow a variety of other applications. They did so by adding a material that when activated by ultraviolet light cross-links the nano oil droplets together.

For Chen, the most exciting part of the work was preparing the capsules and then watching them burst to release their contents at the target times I engineered them for.

Doyle notes that from a pedagogical point of view, the work combined all of the core elements of chemical engineering, from fluid dynamics to reaction engineering and mass transfer. And to me its pretty cool to have them all in one project.

This work was supported by the Singapore National Research Foundation, the U.S. National Science Foundation, and the Think Global Education Trust (Taiwan).

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A new platform for controlled delivery of key nanoscale drugs and more - MIT News

Carleton Faculty Receive CFI Funding to Support Research Benefiting All Canadians – Carleton Newsroom

Carleton University researchers Mohammad Reza Kholghy, Roslyn Dakin and the teams of Banu rmeci, Ravi Prakash and Jesse Vermaire, as well as Kumiko Murasugi, Erik Anonby and David Mould, have received approximately $1 million in funding from the Canada Foundation for Innovations (CFI) John R. Evans Leaders Fund (JELF) for their work on manufacturing nanoparticles, understanding how animals fly, monitoring water pollution and strengthening endangered languages.

Carleton is leading the way in innovative and important fields that will directly improve the lives of Canadians, said Rafik Goubran, vice-president (Research and International). These projects reflect the support of early-career researchers recruited to Carleton, as well as the equipping of multidisciplinary research groups brought together through Carletons Multidisciplinary Research Catalyst Fund (MRCF) last year.

MRCF provides resources and support to research teams so they can achieve a demonstrable increase in impact that goes beyond individual researchers.

Mohammad Reza Kholghy, Canada Research Chair in Particle Technology and Combustion Engineering,is focused onnanoparticle engineeringwith applications in energy storage, creating advanced materials, sensing and measuring the impact of emissions on the environment. Particles are omnipresent. For example, people inhale millions of particles in the air they breathe.Dental fillings and medications are created combining several particles together.Car tires rely on carbon nanoparticles for their strength and functionality. New types of particles are increasingly finding applications in every aspect of peoples lives.

Kholghy is developing combustion engineering technology that enables large-scale production of nanoparticles with the desired properties, while limiting emission of polluting nanoparticles such as soot. Nanoparticle synthesis with flames offers a scalable alternative to conventional manufacturing methods, which often do not go beyond lab scale demonstrations. Understanding nanoparticle formation in flames also helps engineers design combustion systems with minimal, if not zero, soot emissions.

Banu rmeci, professor in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Ravi Prakash, professor in the Department of Electronics, and Jesse Vermaire, professor in the Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, are leveraging CFI funding to better understand the fate of pollutants in the environment, their impact on ecosystems and human health, and create new micro-and nano-sensors to detect pollutants. To gather important information, the team will also develop next-generation sensors to assist in this monitoring.

Flight is a remarkable adaptation that has allowed birds, bats and insects to diversify and spread throughout the globe. Many flying animals can achieve maneuverability that far surpasses what can be achieved with current technology. Roslyn Dakin, professor in the Department of Biology, will use these CFI funds to establish the Interactive Animal Flight and Dynamic Behaviour Laboratory, which will discover how animals, in particular hummingbirds, achieve remarkable agility and flexibility in performance and perhaps aid in the development of technology that can mimic these attributes.

Language endangerment is a global issue affecting almost every nation in the world. Scholars estimate that by the end of this century, more than 40 per cent of the worlds 7,000 languages will have vanished. Most Indigenous languages in Canada face significant challenges. Kumiko Murasugi and Erik Anonby, professors in the School of Linguistics and Language Studies, and David Mould, professor in the School of Computer Science, lead the interdisciplinaryEndangered Language Knowledge and Technology(ELK-Tech) research team at Carleton. The team will be using CFI funds to set up the ELK Centre, a space that brings together language communities, researchers and technologists working to adapt and develop relevant, accessible and collaborative digital tools that help strengthen and renew endangered languages.

Media ContactSteven ReidMedia Relations OfficerCarleton University613-265-6613Steven.Reid3@carleton.ca

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Carleton Faculty Receive CFI Funding to Support Research Benefiting All Canadians - Carleton Newsroom

Flexible Micro LEDs May Reshape Wearable Technology – Manufacturing Business Technology

Flexible micro LEDs can be twisted (left) or folded (right).

University of Texas at Dallas

University of Texas at Dallas researchers and their international colleagues have developed a method to create micro LEDs that can be folded, twisted, cut and stuck to different surfaces.

The research, published online in June in the journalScience Advances, helps pave the way for the next generation of flexible, wearable technology.

Used in products ranging from brake lights to billboards, LEDs are ideal components for backlighting and displays in electronic devices because they are lightweight, thin, energy efficient and visible in different types of lighting. Micro LEDs, which can be as small as 2 micrometers and bundled to be any size, provide higher resolution than other LEDs. Their size makes them a good fit for small devices such as smart watches, but they can be bundled to work in flat-screen TVs and other larger displays. LEDs of all sizes, however, are brittle and typically can only be used on flat surfaces.

The researchers' new micro LEDs aim to fill a demand for bendable, wearable electronics.

"The biggest benefit of this research is that we have created a detachable LED that can be attached to almost anything," said Dr. Moon Kim, Louis Beecherl Jr. Distinguished Professor of materials science and engineering at UT Dallas and a corresponding author of the study. "You can transfer it onto your clothing or even rubber -- that was the main idea. It can survive even if you wrinkle it. If you cut it, you can use half of the LED."

Researchers in the Erik Jonsson School of Engineering and Computer Science and the School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics helped develop the flexible LED through a technique called remote epitaxy, which involves growing a thin layer of LED crystals on the surface of a sapphire crystal wafer, or substrate.

Typically, the LED would remain on the wafer. To make it detachable, researchers added a nonstick layer to the substrate, which acts similarly to the way parchment paper protects a baking sheet and allows for the easy removal of cookies, for instance. The added layer, made of a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon called graphene, prevents the new layer of LED crystals from sticking to the wafer.

"The graphene does not form chemical bonds with the LED material, so it adds a layer that allows us to peel the LEDs from the wafer and stick them to any surface," said Kim, who oversaw the physical analysis of the LEDs using an atomic resolution scanning/transmission electron microscope at UT Dallas' Nano Characterization Facility.

Colleagues in South Korea carried out laboratory tests of LEDs by adhering them to curved surfaces, as well as to materials that were subsequently twisted, bent and crumpled. In another demonstration, they adhered an LED to the legs of a Lego minifigure with different leg positions.

Bending and cutting do not affect the quality or electronic properties of the LED, Kim said.

The bendy LEDs have a variety of possible uses, including flexible lighting, clothing and wearable biomedical devices. From a manufacturing perspective, the fabrication technique offers another advantage: Because the LED can be removed without breaking the underlying wafer substrate, the wafer can be used repeatedly.

"You can use one substrate many times, and it will have the same functionality," Kim said.

In ongoing studies, the researchers also are applying the fabrication technique to other types of materials.

"It's very exciting; this method is not limited to one type of material," Kim said. "It's open to all kinds of materials."


Flexible Micro LEDs May Reshape Wearable Technology - Manufacturing Business Technology

Nanotextiles Market Estimated size be driven size Innovation and Industrialization COVID-19 2024 – Chelanpress

The global market fornanotextilesshould grow from $5.1 billion in 2019 to $14.8 billion by 2024 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 23.6% for the period of 2019-2024.

Report Scope:

This report provides an updated review of nanotextile technology, including materials and production processes, and identifies current and emerging applications for this technology.

BCC Research delineates the current market status for these products, defines trends, and presents growth forecasts for the next five years. The market is analyzed based on the following segments: nanotextile type, functionality, nanostructured material, application, and region. In addition, technological issues, including key events and the latest developments, are discussed.

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More specifically, the market analysis conducted by BCC Research for this report is divided into five sections.

In the first section, an introduction to the topic and a historical review of nanotextiles are provided, including an outline of recent events. In this section, current and emerging applications are also identified and grouped in segments (apparel, technical, household, and other consumer products).

The second section provides a technological review of nanotextiles. This section offers a detailed description of materials used for production of nanofabrics, properties of nanotextiles, and typical fabrication methods. This section concludes with an analysis of the most important technological developments since 2016, including examples of significant patents recently issued or applied for. The chapter ends with a highlight of the most active research organizations operating in this field and their activities.

The third section entails a global market analysis for nanotextiles. Global revenues (sales data in millions of dollars) are presented for each segment (nanotextile type, functionality, nanostructured material, application, and region), with actual data referring to the years 2017 and 2018 and estimates for 2019. Dollar figures refer to sales of these products at the manufacturing level.

The analysis of current revenues for nanotextiles is followed by a detailed presentation of market growth trends, based on industry growth, technological trends, and regional trends. The third section concludes by providing projected revenues for nanotextiles within each segment, together with forecast compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) for the period 2019 through 2024. Projected and forecast revenue values are in constant U.S. dollars, unadjusted for inflation.

In the fourth section of the study, which covers global industry structure, the report offers a list of the leading manufacturers of nanotextiles, together with a description of their products. The analysis includes a description of the geographical distribution of these firms and an evaluation of other key industry players. Detailed company profiles of the top players are also provided.

The fifth and final section includes an analysis of recently issued U.S. patents, with a summary of patents related to nanotextile materials, fabrication methods, and applications. Patent analysis is performed by region, country, assignee, patent category, application, and material type.

Report Includes:

55 data tables and 29 additional tables Detailed overview and industry analysis of nanotextiles and their global market Analyses of global market trends with data from 2017, 2018, estimates for 2019 and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2024

Segmentation of the global nanotextiles market by product type, fabrication technology, application, end use industry and geographical region Identification of the fastest-growing applications and technologies, and a holistic overview of the current and future market trends which will lead to increasing demand for nanotextiles production An extensive U.S. analysis of recently issued patents, with a summary of patents related to various types of nanotextiles and their fabrication methods and applications Description of the geographical distribution of manufacturers and detailed company profiles of the top industry players including Donaldson, eSpin Technologies, Finetex EnE, Nano-Textile and Parker Hannifin


Nanotextiles are a class of textiles that utilize nanotechnology during their fabrication process. In particular, the term nanotextiles applies to four categories of products: nanocoated textiles, fabrics consisting of nanofiber webs, textiles obtained from composite fibers based on nanostructures, and nanoporous textiles.

Although the origin of nanotechnology can be traced back to the 4th century, the first nanotextiles were only introduced during the 1980s in the form of nanofiber-based membranes for filtration. During the past 40 years, sales of nanotextiles have expanded steadily and are currently experiencing very strong growth, due to their increasing use in the fabrication of mass-market products within a range of sectors. This study provides an updated, comprehensive description of nanotextiles and their characteristics, highlighting the latest developments in their fabrication technology and features. It also offers a detailed market analysis for these products by segment (nanotextile type, functionality, nanostructured material, application, and region), describing technical aspects and trends that will affect future growth of this market.

As shown in the Summary Table, the global market for nanotextiles increased from nearly REDACTED in 2017 to REDACTED in 2018 and is estimated to be valued at REDACTED in 2019.

BCC Research has divided all the applications where nanotextiles have current and potential use in two main groups: consumer products and technical products.

Consumer products, which include mainly apparel and household articles, currently account for the largest share of the market, at an estimated REDACTED of the total in 2019, corresponding to REDACTED in 2019. Within this segment, nanotextiles are being used primarily for the fabrication of high-performance outerwear and stocking. Sales of these products have risen at a very healthy CAGR of REDACTED during the 2017-2019 period.

By comparison, nanofabrics for technical products represent a share of REDACTED of the total, corresponding to estimated 2019 revenues of REDACTED. This segment has been expanding at a REDACTED CAGR since 2017, mainly driven by applications in the mechanical/chemical/environmental, life science, and energy sectors.

Sales of nanotextiles are projected to continue rising at a double-digit rate during the next five years. Relevant factors that will contribute to market expansion through 2024 are the following Increasing penetration in large industry sectors such as apparel, filtration and separation, catalysis, biomedical, energy, and automotive. Greater utilization in the fabrication of products characterized by strong demand, such as membranes, photocatalysts, and tissue engineering scaffolds. Growing market penetration of nanotextiles in developing countries. Increasing use of these products in wearable electronics and wearable medical devices. High levels of related R&D activities.

As a result, the total market for nanotextiles is forecast to rise at a CAGR of REDACTED from 2019 to 2024, reaching global revenues of REDACTED in 2024.

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Nanotextiles Market Estimated size be driven size Innovation and Industrialization COVID-19 2024 - Chelanpress

Lecturer/Senior Lecturer in Internet of Things job with CRANFIELD UNIVERSITY | 218434 – Times Higher Education (THE)

School/Department School of Aerospace, Transport and ManufacturingBased at Cranfield Campus, Cranfield, BedfordshireHours of work 37 hours per week, normally worked Monday to Friday. Flexible working will be considered.Contract type PermanentSalary Lecturer: Salary level 6 43,351 to 48,323 per annum with additional performance related pay up to 60,403 per annum or Senior Lecturer: Salary level 7 53,205 to 59,302 per annum with additional performance related pay up to 74,126 per annumApply by 13/09/2020

Role Description

We welcome applications from people who can contribute to the state of the art in education and research. We are seeking expertise in Internet of Things, Industry 4.0, digital systems, virtual and augmented reality, visualisation, ISO55000.

As the UKs only exclusively postgraduate university, Cranfields world-class expertise, large-scale facilities and unrivalled industry partnerships is creating leaders in technology and management globally. Our distinctive expertise is in our deep understanding of technology and management and how these work together to benefit the world.

Our people are our most valuable resource and everyone has a role to play in shaping the future of our university, developing our learners, and transforming the businesses we work with. Learn more about Cranfield and our unique impact here. Our shared, stated values help to define who we are and underpin everything we do: Ambition; Impact; Respect; and Community. Find out more here.

Cranfield Manufacturing (which includes major activities in Materials) is following the ambitious strategy of developing a roadmap for a Sustainable Manufacturing Sector for 2050 by applying fundamental science and thought leadership via conceiving and maturing the concepts of Smart, Clean and Green manufacturing solutions agnostically across all sectors and through all tiers of the supply chain with SMEs as well as OEMs. This is to support the national aspiration of Net Zero UK by 2050. We offer world-class and niche post-graduate level research, education, training and consultancy. We are unique in our multi-disciplinary approach by bringing together design, materials technology and management expertise. We link fundamental materials research with manufacturing to develop novel technologies and improve the science base of the manufacturing research. Our capabilities are unique, with a focus on simulation and modelling, and sustainability. They also include work in composite manufacture, metallic glasses, nano-materials (graphene, coatings and sensors), low energy casting, thermal barrier coatings and Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM). Our expertise in through-life engineering services offers solutions to defence, aerospace, transport and manufacturing customers.

This role will lead and support our programme of education and research in through-life support and manufacturing. The successful candidate will join the management and teaching team of MSc Through-life Systems Sustainment and MSc Manufacturing Information Systems. You will be expected to build an independent portfolio of research and PhD supervision.

You will be educated to doctoral level in a relevant subject and have relevant experience. With excellent communication skills, you will have expertise in one or more of:

Further information can be found by visiting https://www.cranfield.ac.uk/centres/throughlife-engineering-services-institute.

In return, the successful applicant will have exciting opportunities for career development in this key position, and to lead and supportworld leading research and education, joining a supportive team and environment.

At Cranfield we value Diversity and Inclusion, and aim to create and maintain a culture in which everyone can work and study together harmoniously with dignity and respect and realise their full potential. Our equal opportunities and diversity monitoring has shown that women are currently underrepresented within the university and so we actively encourage female applicants. To further demonstrate our commitment to progressing gender diversity in STEM, we are members of WES & Working Families, and sponsors of International Women in Engineering Day.

We actively consider flexible working options such as part-time, compressed or flexible hours and/or an element of homeworking, and commit to exploring the possibilities for each role. Find out more here.

For an informal discussion, please contact Professor Andrew Starr, Head of Through-life Engineering Services Institute, on (E) a.starr@cranfield.ac.uk

Interviews to be held: 28 to 30 September 2020

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Lecturer/Senior Lecturer in Internet of Things job with CRANFIELD UNIVERSITY | 218434 - Times Higher Education (THE)