Tony de Brum, Voice of Pacific Islands on Climate Change, Dies at 72 – New York Times

Mr. de Brum was not long out of college when, as vice chairman of the Marshall Islands Status Commission, he began advocating for his countrys independence from the United States, taking his case to the United Nations Security Council. The Marshall Islands, a chain of islands and coral atolls that now have a population of about 50,000, were then under American administrative control.

The Marshall Islands declared independence in 1979 and were granted sovereignty in 1986. Mr. de Brum helped negotiate the countrys Compact of Free Association with the United States and led the drafting of the Marshall Islands constitution.

In a nearly 50-year government career, he went on to serve as foreign minister (three times), minister of finance, minister of health and the environment, minister-in-assistance to the former president Christopher Loeak, and Marshall Islands climate ambassador.

In 2013, Mr. de Brum criticized the Security Council for declaring that it was not the right body to address climate change. He reminded its members that 35 years earlier he had come before them to petition for his countrys independence.

It seems to me ironic, he said, bizarre, perhaps, that the very same agency whose approval was needed for my country to become a country again would consider that my coming back to ask for help to survive, to keep that country going, was not relevant to their work.

He often linked the issues of nuclear testing and climate change, noting that the Marshallese had already been resettled onto other islands because of radioactive fallout related to nuclear testing. He said the idea that citizens might have to leave the islands again if seas rose higher was repugnant.

Even the loss of a tiny island is, for us, significant, he said.

In 2014 Mr. de Brum filed lawsuits against nine nations in the International Court of Justice, the United Nations highest court, arguing that they had breached their obligations under international law by failing to pursue nuclear disarmament. The court later ruled the suit inadmissible.

At the Paris climate change negotiations in 2015, Mr. de Brum convened a group of about 100 nations, both rich and poor, to demand that the accord call for aggressive action, like establishing a clear long-term goal on global warming that was in line with scientific advice.

Calling themselves the High Ambition Coalition, leaders of the group walked into the final day of talks wearing coconut leaves on their lapels in solidarity with island nations.

The Paris accord, signed by nearly 200 countries, called for concerted efforts to keep the global temperature increase no higher than 1.5 degrees Celsius (34.7 degrees Fahrenheit) above preindustrial levels by 2100.

Mr. de Brum was vocal in arguing that even if the temperature increase were held at 2 degrees which scientists often describe as a relatively safe guardrail a resulting rise in sea levels would be devastating for the Marshall Islands and other low-lying countries.

Todd Stern, who was United States special envoy for climate change under President Barack Obama, said in an interview that Mr. de Brum had been able to bridge divides among countries of different levels of wealth and responsibility for causing climate change and convince them that everyone must act.

We all owe a debt to Tony for getting Paris done, Mr. Stern said. When I think of people who were meaningful in getting the Paris deal, he is definitely on the short list.

Mr. de Brum was critical of President Trump for announcing this year that the United States would withdraw from the Paris agreement. Celebrating the one-year anniversary of the pact, he wrote, My country felt a little bit safer as a result of the historic agreement.

Tony Anton de Brum was born on Feb. 26, 1945, in Tuvalu, an island nation in the South Pacific. He grew up on the Marshallese atoll of Likiep and attended the University of Hawaii. President Heine said he was one of the first Marshallese to attend college.

Working with the linguist Alfred Capelle, he created the first Marshallese-English dictionary.

He is survived by his father; his wife, Rosalie; his daughters, Doreen, Dolores and Sally Ann; 10 grandchildren; and five great-grandchildren.

Throughout his life Mr. de Brum carried a searing memory of a nuclear bomb exploding on the Pacific horizon. In March 1954 he was 9 years old and on the water fishing with his grandfather when, over Bikini Atoll, part of the Marshall Islands, the United States tested the most powerful bomb it had ever developed till then one 1,000 times as destructive as those that had leveled Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.

Everything turned red, he recalled years later, the ocean, the fish, the sky, and my grandfathers net.

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Tony de Brum, Voice of Pacific Islands on Climate Change, Dies at 72 – New York Times

River Action plans to install floating islands in local lagoons – KWQC-TV6

DAVENPORT, Iowa (KWQC) – River Action will be installing five floating islands at the Eastern Avenue Lagoon on Thursday, August 24th at 9:00 am.

Volunteers will be planting about 500 perennial wetland species and will help float and anchor the islands in the Eastern Avenue Lagoon.

Once those islands are installed, three more will be installed in the Credit Island lagoon later in the day.

Floating islands are hydroponically grown plants that manage stormwater by removing suspended solids and contaminants, like heavy metals and nutrients. Blue-green algae also referred to as cyanobacteria, differs from other forms of algae in that they cannot be eaten by other organisms and are formed by an excess amount of nutrients (phosphorus and nitrogen) and sunlight. Cyanobacteria is often the result of agricultural and stormwater runoff.

Algae blooms form floating mats that become so dense that they block out sunlight from reaching other underwater plants and plankton. Because they no longer have the ability to photosynthesize, the water’s oxygen level decreases. This creates a dead zone a region that is uninhabitable to most plant and animal life.

The floating islands will absorb the excess nutrients, resulting in a cleaner water system and a reduction of algal blooms. They will also create a food for fish and habitat for birds. The islands can overwinter and last up to ten years!

Just click HERE if you would like to volunteer.

Nahant Marsh will also be installing Islands on Friday, August 25th at 10:00 am.

This project is funded in part by Scott County Regional Authority and Floating Islands International.

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River Action plans to install floating islands in local lagoons – KWQC-TV6

Commemorating WWII History in the Solomon Islands – Smithsonian

By Lisa Niver

smithsonian.com August 22, 2017 5:33PM

Seventy five years ago, the Battle of Guadalcanal changed the course of World War II in the South Pacific. According to the National World War II Museum statistics, the Solomon Islands Campaign cost the Allies approximately 7,100 men, 29 ships and 615 aircraft. The Japanese lost 31,000 men, 38 ships and 683 aircraft. After the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the Japanese Imperial Navy wanted a buffer against attack from the United States and its Allies, and began occupying islands throughout the Pacific Ocean.

When the Japanese began construction on what would later be called Henderson Airfield in July 1942, taking control of this strategic airfield became a primary goal for the US Marine offensive. American forces landed on August 7, 1942 to remove the Japanese from the island. The six-month battle in the Solomon Islands on the most easterly advance of the Rising Sun was crucial to preventing Australia and New Zealand from being cut off from the Allies. This was the first decisive battle of the war in the Pacific in which the Japanese forceswere turned back.

The United States Marines depended upon the Australian Coastwatchers and the Solomon Island Scouts for local knowledge and assistance. Inscribed in a plaque at the Memorial Garden at Henderson Airport, the United States Marines honor them with these words: In the Solomons, a handful of men, Coastwatchers and Solomon Islanders alike, operating side by side often behind enemy lines always against staggering odds, contributed heroically to our victory at Guadalcanal. This partnership between these groups is credited with having saved John F. Kennedy while he was stationed in the area.

Kennedy was at a forward military base on Lubaria Island, where today you can still visit and see the original cement pads from the bakery and mess house, in addition to a well hole. On August 2, 1943, a moonless night, whilepatrolling between Kolombangara Island and Ghizo Island, Kennedyand his crew were on maneuvers in their patrol boat (PT 109) and in the path of the Japanese destroyer, Amagiru Maru. After being struck, their boat broke apartand began to sink. Two of the seamenAndrew Jackson Kirksey and Harold W. Marneywere killed, and the remaining eleven survivors swam through flames towards land. Coastwatcher Reg Evans saw the flames and sent two scouts to search for survivors.

There were Japanese camps on thelarger islands like Kolombangara, and Kennedy’s crewswam to the smaller and deserted Plum Pudding Island to the southwest. The men worked together to push a makeshift raft of timbers from the wreckto move the injured and non-swimmers. Kennedy, a strong swimmer and former member of the Harvard University swim team, pulled the injured Patrick McMahon by clenching his life jacket strap in his mouth. After nearly four hours and more thanthree miles, they reached their first island destination. In search of food and water, they had to swim to another small slip of landnamed Kasolo Island, where they survived on coconuts for several days.

Island scouts Biuku Gaza and Eroni Kumana searched for survivors in their dugout canoe. If spotted by Japanese ships or aircraft, they hoped to be taken fornative fisherman. When Gasa and Kumana found Kennedy, Gasa encouraged him to carve a message in a coconut shell. This message enabled them to coordinate their rescue:


Years later, that carved coconut shell sat on Kennedys desk in the Oval Office and served as a reminder of his time in the dangerous waters. Kasolo Island is now called Kennedy Island. And on August 3, 2017, Kennedys100th birthday portrait and the 75th Anniversary monument was unveiled at ceremonies on both Kennedy Island and Lubaria Island.

Touring the area is an opportunity to explore what happened on the Solomon Islands three quarters of a century ago.Today, on the islands pristine beaches, the violence of the battlefield feels long agobut physical reminders remain. The area is a graveyard of dozens of World War II destroyers, military ships and aircraft in the clear waters surrounding the islands, and makes for an incredible chance toSCUBA dive through history.


Diving: see the planes, boats, submarines underwater from WWII.

Dive the Toa Maru in Gizo, which is similar in size to the ship that rammed Kennedys PT boat. Explore to 90 feet underwater in Mundo and visit the Airacobra P-39 fighter from the USAF 68th Fighter Squadron and the nearby Douglas SBD-4 Dauntless dive bomber,which was hit by fire during a raid on Munda on July 23, 1943.

In Honiara: I-1 submarine, B1 and B2.

In Munda:wreck diving.


Vilu War Museum

Explore the open-air museum at Vilu and walkamong planes from the World War II dogfights.

Skull Island:

The ancestors of the Roviana people were warriors, and their skills as trackers enabled them to assist the United States in the battles fought on land and over water.

Peter Joseph WWII Museum in Munda.

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Commemorating WWII History in the Solomon Islands – Smithsonian

At Least 1 Dead After Earthquake Hits Italian Resort Island – TIME

(ROME) An earthquake rattled the Italian resort island of Ischia at the peak of tourist season Monday night, killing at least one person and trapping a half dozen others, including children, under collapsed homes.

Police said all but one of the people known to be trapped were responding to rescuers and were expected to be extracted alive. One person, however, wasn’t responding, raising worries the death toll could increase, said Giovanni Salerno of the financial police.

Italy’s national volcanology institute said the temblor struck a few minutes before 9 p.m., just as many people were having dinner. The hardest-hit area was Casamicciola, on the northern part of the island.

There was great discrepancy in the magnitude reported: Italy’s national vulcanology agency put the initial magnitude at 3.6, though it revised it to a 4.0 sustained magnitude with a shallow depth of 5 kilometers (3 miles) in the waters just off the island. The U.S. Geological Survey and the European-Mediterranean Seismological Center gave it a 4.3 magnitude, with a depth of 10 kilometers (6 miles).

While such discrepancies and revisions are common, Italian officials complained that the Italian agency’s initial low 3.6-magnitude greatly underestimated the power of the temblor.

At least one hotel and parts of a hospital were evacuated. A doctor at the Rizzoli hospital, Roberto Allocca, told Sky TG24 that some 26 people were being treated for minor injuries at a makeshift emergency room set up on the hospital grounds. He said the situation was calm and under control.

Salerno confirmed one woman was killed by falling masonry. At least three people were extracted from the rubble, the civil protection said.

Civil protection crews, already on the island in force to fight the forest fires that have been ravaging southern Italy, were checking the status of the buildings that suffered damage.

Together with the nearby island of Capri, Ischia is a favorite island getaway for the European jet set, famed in particular for its thermal waters. Casamicciola was the epicenter of an 1883 earthquake that killed more than 2,000 people.

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At Least 1 Dead After Earthquake Hits Italian Resort Island – TIME

Westmoreland’s most wanted man to be extradited from Cayman Islands – Jamaica Gleaner

The Jamaica Constabulary Force says one of Westmorelands most wanted men who was arrested in the Cayman Islands on Friday is to be extradited to Jamaica to face charges.

Twenty-nine-year-old Obrian Ellis of Farm Pen district in Westmoreland was charged in the Cayman Islands withillegal landing and possession of ganja with intent to supply.

He was arrested during a police narcotics operation.

Ellis is wanted in Jamaica for arson and the murder of 44-year-old chef, Steadman Sterling, of Farm Pen district committed in December 2016.

Sterling and Ellis were reportedly involved in a dispute when it is alleged that Ellis used a firearm to shot Sterling several times.

Ellis later fled the country.

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Westmoreland’s most wanted man to be extradited from Cayman Islands – Jamaica Gleaner

Trump Pick to Oversee Worker Protections Promoted Sweatshops – Mother Jones

Patrick Pizzella worked with Jack Abramoff to organize congressional junkets to this laboratory of liberty.

Noah LanardAug. 22, 2017 6:00 AM

Patrick Pizzella and his former boss Jack Abramoff.Mother Jones

Theres lobbying, and then theres working with Jack Abramoff to promote the sweatshop economy on remote Pacific islands. If you want to know about that kind of lobbying, you can ask Patrick Pizzella, President Donald Trumps pick to be deputy labor secretary. Or maybe you cant.

At a July Senate confirmation hearing, Pizzella said he didnt remember much about the work he did in the late 1990s to help the Northern Mariana Islandsa US commonwealth 1,500 miles from Japandefeat a bipartisan effort to rein in a guest worker program that the Labor Department found reliedonindentured workers. When Sen. Al Franken (D-Minn.) asked Pizzella whether he knew about reports of forced abortions and routine beatings at the time, Pizzella replied, I was not aware of any such thing. Pressed further, he said reports of abuse by multiple government agencies and newspapers were mere allegations.

What Pizzella didnt say was that he helped lead a public relations campaign to rebrand the islands as a paragon of free-market principles. Between 1996 and 2000, emails and billing records reviewed by Mother Jones show thatPizzella andcolleaguesorganized all-expenses-paidtrips to the islands for more than 100members of Congress, their staffers, andconservative thought leaders. When they got back, Pizzella helped them convince colleagues that the Northern Mariana Islands were, as his old boss Abramoff liked to put it, a laboratory of liberty.

Now Pizzella is poised to become Americas second-highest labor enforcer. If confirmed by the Senate, hell be responsible for holding employers accountable in the Northern Mariana Islands and across the country. (Pizzella, currently the acting chairman of the Federal Labor Relations Authority, a federal agency that handles government employees labor disputes, declined to comment for this story.)

Pizzella at his Senate confirmation hearing in July.

Ron Sachs/ZUMA

Pizzella arrived at the law firm Preston Gates in 1996 as Abramoffs second hire. Smart, likeable, clever, and hardworking, Pat was a perfect addition to the quickly emerging Team Abramoff, Abramoff wrote in his 2011 memoir, Capitol Punishment. Pizzella immediately started reading up on Abramoffs newlobbyingclient: the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), a string of 14 tropical islands just north of Guamwith a population of about 53,000.

The year before, Abramoff had learned that the CNMI was looking for a lobbyist to fend off increased federal control. During World War II, the islands were under Japanese control until the United States won the Battle of Saipan (the CNMIs main island) in 1944. After a few decades in limbo as part of a United Nations trust, the Northern Mariana Islands opted to join the United States in 1975 as a commonwealth instead of pursuing independence.

The agreement between the islands and the United States granted two exemptions. First, the CNMI could set its own minimum wage. Second, the commonwealthwould be allowed to make its own immigration laws. CNMI officials initially requested control of immigration to ensure that theindigenous population would not be overwhelmed by newcomers.But adecade later,garment manufacturers and theCNMIs governmentdecidedto use the exemption toimport unlimited guest workers to make clothes for companies like Brooks Brothers and Banana Republic. The clothes they produced were stampedMade in the USA and exported to the United States tariff-free.Between 1985 and 1998, CNMI garment exports grew from almost nothing to more than $1 billion annuallyover a third of total CNMI business revenue.

Things were just completely out of control, says Allen Stayman, the top Interior Departmentofficial assigned to the CNMI from 1993 to 1999. Recruiters illegally required many foreign workers to pay fees in order to land jobs in the CNMI, causing them to go into debt that theyd have to work to pay off. Others signed shadow contracts in which they promised their employers not to unionize, date, or practice a religion while working in the CNMI. Some were made to sleep a dozen to a room, with barbed wire surrounding their barracks. If workers complained, the CNMI government, which had close ties tothe garment industry, could deport them immediately. In 1992, Willie Tan, a top garment industry baron, paid a $9 million settlement in a Labor Department suit alleging hed failed to pay workersovertime andtheCNMIs minimum wage of $2.15 an hourcompared with $4.25 elsewhere in the United States. The settlementwasthe largest in Labor Department history at the time.

When Abramoff signed the CNMIgovernmentas a client in July 1995, the USSenate had already unanimously passed a bill to strip the islands of its minimum-wage exemption, setting up what looked to be an uncontentious vote in the House. The year before, representatives from the Interior and Labor departments and the US Immigration and Naturalization Service had testified at a Senate hearing about mistreatment of foreign workers. CNMI Gov. Froilan Tenoriojoined them to say he was disgusted and ashamed by the stories of human rights abuses. Unfortunately, he added at the hearing, they are generally accurate.Still, the workers kept coming. According to a 1998 federal government report, indentured alien workers,mostly from Bangladesh, China, and the Philippines, made up 91 percent of the CNMIs private-sector workforce. The majority of citizens, on the other hand, worked in better-paidgovernmentjobs. Immigration laws that were supposed to protect the CNMIs indigenous population had made many citizens into overlords who were outnumbered by their guest workers.

A garment factory on Saipan in 1997

Charles Hanley/AP

But Tenorio argued that the CNMI could fix the problems without eliminating the exemptions. Other lobbyists, Abramoff wrote in his memoir, told Tenorio that preserving themwas a lost cause. Abramoff disagreed. To save them, Abramoffwrote, he told the governors chief of staff that the CNMI just needed to convince the conservatives running Congress that the fight was about defending a free market.

In a 1995 pitch letter to Tenorio,Abramoff argued that personal tours could help sway public officials. Pizzella led this effort. By his second month on the job, Pizzella was spending more than 100 billable hours per month on the CNMI account, about as much as Abramoff. The centerpiece of Pizzellas work was organizing all-inclusivejunkets for members of Congress and their wives, congressional staffers, and conservative influencerssuch as pollster Kellyanne Fitzpatrickwho now goes by her married name, Kellyanne Conway, and advises President Donald Trumpwith first-class airfare and lodging at the beachfront Hyatt Regency on Saipan. Pats very effective, a former consultant to the CNMI told The New Republic in 2001. Visitors to the island seemed to get all the right information.

Pizzellas first trip, in 1996, included meetings with the governor and the SaipanGarment Manufacturers Association and a tour of a garment factory; some later trips included meetings with human rights activists. Later that year, Abramoff wrote in an email to Herman Guerrero, a CNMI official, that the recent Congressional staff trips have done more good for the CNMI than almost anything we have done in the past.

The leisurely aspect of the trips seemed to help. [S]ome of the group plans to play golf at LaoLao on monday afternoon and Kingfisher on Tuesday afternoon, Pizzella emailed Guerrero, please arrange for that authorization letter to the managers at each course indicating we will be renting clubs etcthat worked very, very well last visit. Another trip included a weekend layover in Hawaii on the way back, according to an email from Pizzella. The New York Times summed up the trips with the headline They Came. They Saw. They Golfed.

The view from the Hyatt on Saipan where Pizzellas guests usually stayed.


After they got back, they wrote. Clint Bolick, a co-founder of the Institute for Justice, a libertarian public-interest law firm, reported shortly after returning that the CNMI boasted perhaps the most vibrant economy in the United States. The secret: largely unregulated markets that in two decades have created out of almost nothing head-spinning economic growth, productivity, and prosperity.

Bolick, who is now a state Supreme Court justice in Arizona, and others were particularly impressed that Gov. Tenorio supported conservative priorities like school vouchers. That wasnt an accident. The year before, Pizzella had discussed vouchers and a flat taxwith the conservative Heritage Foundation and thelibertarian Cato Institute on behalf of the CNMIs government. Our travelers ate this up, Abramoff wrote in his memoir. The conservative groups in Washington had found a new hero in this Democratic governor of our least populated territory.

Another Abramoff tactic, according to a Senate Finance Committee investigation, was to have the CNMI funnel money to a front group, which helped the trips appear independent. Before a 1996 junket, Preston Gates billing records show, Pizzella met with Amy Moritz, president of the National Center for Public Policy Research (NCPPR), a conservative group that funded several trips for Abramoff, to discuss a CNMI trip and possible funding arrangements. After he got back, Pizzella explained in an email to Abramoff how a report byCato fellow Doug Bandow would be paid for. [T]hat leaves basically the fees for Bandows services and report; and the reimbursement for the bills he accumulated, Pizzella wrote to Abramoff. That should come to about $10,000. That is the amount CNMI should provide as a grant to NCPPR. Then they can cut check to Bandow. Preston Gates billing records include an $8,000 invoice for Bandows trip expenses that lists NCPPR as the vendor.

After the trip, Bandow started writing a report for the libertarian Competitive Enterprise Institute. Pizzella had about a dozen discussions with Bandow and Marlo Lewis, a CEI executive, about the report, according to billing records. As the publication date got closer, Pizzella, Abramoff, and Michael Soussan, a junior Preston Gates lobbyist, also edited and provided comments on drafts. The final report called the CNMI a center of policy innovation and laboratory of liberty that could serve as a model for the rest of the country. (Bandow would later lose his position at Cato for accepting money from Abramoff to write favorable op-eds about the CNMI and other clients; he subsequently returned to the think tankand is nowa senior fellow there. Bandow did not respond to requests for comment.)

The next year, Soussan traveled to the CNMI with Pizzella, according to his memoir and billing records. As usual, the guests toured a garment factory. The point of my presence at the scene, Sousann wrote in the memoir, was to help these factory owners get away with exploitation. Without specifically naming Pizzella, he wrote that Pat, the team leader of the Congressional delegation, put a different spin on it, saying, See? Working conditions are not as horrible as the press would have us believe. On the way out, he recalled, they got a special treat: discounted clothes. The pride I felt for my job at that moment made me want to put a bullet through my head, Soussan wrote.(Soussan did not respond to requests for comment.)

When Stayman, the Interior Department official,went to the CNMI with Sens. Daniel Akaka (D-Hawaii) and Frank Murkowski (R-Alaska) in the mid-1990s,he says, they attended the usual meetings arranged by localgovernment officials, before feigning jet lag and returning to their hotel. Then, in the evening, they left the hotel and got a different tour from Labor Department investigators and Christian human rights activists. They were quickly persuaded, Stayman says. Like I said, it was all Potemkin village. Murkowski later told PBS that calling the conditions unacceptable was putting it mildly.

But Abramoffs close relationship with House Majority Whip Tom DeLay, who visited the CNMI for New Years in 1997, ensured that Murkowski and Akakas attempts to revoke the CNMIs immigration and minimum-wage exemptions met a certain death in the House. DeLay called the islands a perfect petri dish of capitalism, adding, Its like my Galapagos Island. (Abramoff could not be reached for comment.)

As Abramoffs clout expanded, Preston Gates payments from the islands rose from $100,000 in 1995 to more than $3 million in 1997. (In 2001, TheNew Republicreported thatPizzella made $175,000 per year.)Then Tenorios uncle ousted him from the governorship as the islands tourism industry tanked during the 1997 Asian financial crisis. The next year, Preston Gates CNMI income dropped by more than half. To cover the shortfall, Abramoff turned to WillieTan, the garment magnate.In a 1998 memo to a Tan Holdings official, Abramoff laid out a six-part strategy for representing Tan and the government. Pizzella was tasked with running the trips programthe importance of which cannot be overstated, Abramoff wrote.

Jack Abramoff leaves a federal courthouse after entering a plea agreement on three felony charges.

CQ Roll Call/AP

In 2001, Abramoff moved on to the lobbying firm Greenberg Traurig, where he continued to work on behalf of the CNMI. Instead of following him, Pizzella joined the George W. Bush administration as the chief of staff in the Office of Personnel Management. But Pizzella had made his mark as a lobbyist for the CNMI. By 2001, more than 100 thought leaders and lawmakers had made the journey to the CNMI, according to reporting by the Wall Street Journaland other outlets. If you were a conservative intellectual and you didnt get invited, you just knew you werent cool, a source told The New Republics Franklin Foer in 2001.In 2007 and 2008, after Abramoff and Pizzella had stopped lobbying for the CNMI government, Congress overwhelmingly passed bills revoking the islands wage and immigration exemptions. Following a World Trade Organization agreement eliminating tariffs on US apparel importsfrom abroad in 2005,the CNMIs garment industry all but disappeared.

Hardly anyone seemed to notice when Pizzella was unanimously confirmed by the Senate to be an assistant labor secretary a few months into the Bush administration. Wait, exactly who is this guy again? the textile unions legislative director asked Foer at the time. Six months removed from lobbying, Pizzella was already calling his CNMI work ancient history. I dont want to go down memory lane, he said in the June 2001 story. (President Barack Obamas nomination of Pizzella to the Federal Labor Relations Authority in 2013 was similarly uncontroversial.)

At Greenberg Traurig, Abramoff took his influencing to new, and frequently illegal, levels. In 2008, he received a four-year prison sentence for charges including corrupting public officials, tax evasion, and conspiracy. The fraud Abramoff perpetrated against Native American clients got most of theattention, but in Abramoffs plea deal, a January 2000 trip to the CNMI was included as one of many examples of how Abramoff provided golf and other things of value in exchange for official acts and influence.Twenty-one peoplewere ultimately found guilty in the Abramoff scandal.Pizzella was not charged.

At Pizzellas July confirmation hearing, Franken mentioned the people convictedin the Abramoff scandal. Pizzella was careful to point out, I was not one of them. Franken didnt seem particularly impressed. I understand that, hedeadpanned.Congratulations.

Image credit: Pizzella: Ron Sachs/ZUMA; Abramoff: Pablo Alcala/ZUMA

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Trump Pick to Oversee Worker Protections Promoted Sweatshops – Mother Jones

Island – Wikipedia

Manhattan, U.S. is home to over 1.6 million people.

An island or isle is any piece of sub-continental land that is surrounded by water.[2] Very small islands such as emergent land features on atolls can be called islets, skerries, cays or keys. An island in a river or a lake island may be called an eyot or ait, and a small island off the coast may be called a holm. A grouping of geographically or geologically related islands is called an archipelago, e.g. the Philippines.

An island may be described as such, despite the presence of an artificial land bridge; examples are Singapore and its causeway, and the various Dutch delta islands, such as IJsselmonde. Some places may even retain “island” in their names for historical reasons after being connected to a larger landmass by a land bridge or landfill, such as Coney Island and Coronado Island, though these are strictly tied islands. Conversely, when a piece of land is separated from the mainland by a man-made canal, for example the Peloponnese by the Corinth Canal or Marble Hill in northern Manhattan during the time between the building of the United States Ship Canal and the filling-in of the Harlem River which surrounded the area, it is generally not considered an island.

There are two main types of islands in the sea: continental and oceanic. There are also artificial islands.

Greenland is the world’s largest island, with an area of over 2.1 million km, while Australia, the world’s smallest continent, has an area of 7.6 million km, but there is no standard of size which distinguishes islands from continents,[5] or from islets.[6] There is a difference between islands and continents in terms of geology. Continents sit on continental lithosphere which is part of tectonic plates floating high on Earth’s mantle. Oceanic crust is also part of tectonic plates, but it is denser than continental lithosphere, so it floats low on the mantle. Islands are either extensions of the oceanic crust (e.g. volcanic islands) or geologically they are part of some continent sitting on continental lithosphere (e.g. Greenland). This holds true for Australia, which sits on its own continental lithosphere and tectonic plate.

Continental islands are bodies of land that lie on the continental shelf of a continent.[7] Examples are Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Sakhalin, Taiwan and Hainan off Asia; New Guinea, Tasmania, and Kangaroo Island off Australia; Great Britain, Ireland, and Sicily off Europe; Greenland, Newfoundland, Long Island, and Sable Island off North America; and Barbados, Falklands and Trinidad off South America.

A special type of continental island is the microcontinental island, which is created when a continent is rifted. Examples are Madagascar and Socotra off Africa, the Kerguelen Islands, New Caledonia, New Zealand, and some of the Seychelles.

Another subtype is an island or bar formed by deposition of tiny rocks where water current loses some of its carrying capacity. This includes:

Islets are very small islands.

Oceanic islands are islands that do not sit on continental shelves. The vast majority are volcanic in origin, such as Saint Helena in the South Atlantic Ocean.[8] The few oceanic islands that are not volcanic are tectonic in origin and arise where plate movements have lifted up the ocean floor above the surface. Examples are Saint Peter and Paul Rocks in the Atlantic Ocean and Macquarie Island in the Pacific.

One type of volcanic oceanic island is found in a volcanic island arc. These islands arise from volcanoes where the subduction of one plate under another is occurring. Examples are the Aleutian Islands, the Mariana Islands, and most of Tonga in the Pacific Ocean. The only examples in the Atlantic Ocean are some of the Lesser Antilles and the South Sandwich Islands.

Another type of volcanic oceanic island occurs where an oceanic rift reaches the surface. There are two examples: Iceland, which is the world’s second largest volcanic island, and Jan Mayen. Both are in the Atlantic.

A third type of volcanic oceanic island is formed over volcanic hotspots. A hotspot is more or less stationary relative to the moving tectonic plate above it, so a chain of islands results as the plate drifts. Over long periods of time, this type of island is eventually “drowned” by isostatic adjustment and eroded, becoming a seamount. Plate movement across a hot-spot produces a line of islands oriented in the direction of the plate movement. An example is the Hawaiian Islands, from Hawaii to Kure, which continue beneath the sea surface in a more northerly direction as the Emperor Seamounts. Another chain with similar orientation is the Tuamotu Archipelago; its older, northerly trend is the Line Islands. The southernmost chain is the Austral Islands, with its northerly trending part the atolls in the nation of Tuvalu. Tristan da Cunha is an example of a hotspot volcano in the Atlantic Ocean. Another hot spot in the Atlantic is the island of Surtsey, which was formed in 1963.

An atoll is an island formed from a coral reef that has grown on an eroded and submerged volcanic island. The reef rises to the surface of the water and forms a new island. Atolls are typically ring-shaped with a central lagoon. Examples are the Line Islands in the Pacific and the Maldives in the Indian Ocean.

Approximately 45,000 tropical islands with an area of at least 5 hectares (12 acres) exist.[9] Examples formed from coral reefs include Maldives, Tonga, Samoa, Nauru, and Polynesia.[9]Granite islands include Seychelles and Tioman and volcanic islands such as Saint Helena.

The socio-economic diversity of tropical islands ranges from the Stone Age societies in the interior of Madagascar, Borneo, and Papua New Guinea to the high-tech lifestyles of the city-islands of Singapore and Hong Kong.[10]

International tourism is a significant factor in the economy of many tropical islands including Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Runion, Hawaii, and the Maldives.

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Island – Wikipedia

Golden Isles GA. – St. Simons, Little St. Simons, Jekyll …

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The Golden Isles consist of many unique locations each offering a unique experience. Discover them at your leisure. Come Stay!

Nestled on the Georgia coast, midway between Savannah, GA, and Jacksonville, FL, lies the mainland city of Brunswick and its four beautiful barrier islands: St. Simons Island, Sea Island, Little St. Simons Island and Jekyll Island. Pristine stretches of marshland, punctuated by small islands known as hammocks, define the breathtaking landscape and create the appearance of a continuous stretch of land reaching out to the barrier islands.

The largest of The Golden Isles, St. Simons Island continues to reveal the remarkable beauty and fascinating history of what 16th-century Spanish explorers called San Simeon. Visitors come year round to swim, stroll and sail along its miles of lovely beaches, to challenge its 99 holes of superb golf and numerous tennis courts, and to explore its countless shops and restaurants.

Reached by causeway from St. Simons Island, Sea Island is an internationally acclaimed resort. Though much of Sea Island is residential, Island life centers around The Cloister, perennially honored as one of the worlds great hotels. Golf club, beach club, gun club, horseback riding, fine dining and numerous other activities are among the amenities enjoyed by its guests.

Jekyll Island offers an abundance of recreational activities that are sure to please visitors of all ages. Miles of white sand beaches, 63 holes of golf, an outdoor tennis complex, water fun park, fishing pier, nature centers, bike trails and more. Accommodations are invitingly varied and include a grand historic hotel, oceanfront properties, even camping. Jekyll Island, once a haven for Americas elite, now beckons to all.

Accessible only by boat, Little St. Simons Island is the northernmost of The Golden Isles and certainly the most secluded. For many years a privately owned retreat, the Island now offers a limited number of guests the rare opportunity to experience the enchantment and solitude of the isolated beaches and marshlands that bound its10,000 acres of pristine woodlands.

Mainland Brunswick is named for Braunschweig, Germany, the ancestral home of King George II, grantor of Georgias original land charter. The streets and squares of this quiet port city were laid out before the American Revolution and their names, like Newcastle, Norwich, Prince and Gloucester, give Brunswick a decidedly English flavor. The unmistakable flavor of the south, too, can be sampled here, home of the original Brunswick Stew.

Interstate 95, the main Interstate Highway on the east coast of the United States, also serves the coast of Georgia. Within Georgia, it begins from the south at the St. Marys River and the Florida state line and continues north past the border of South Carolina at the Savannah River. Exits 29, 36, 38 and 42 serve the Golden Isles of Georgia.

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Golden Isles GA. – St. Simons, Little St. Simons, Jekyll …

Love Island champ Amber Davies says she’s only bought one thing with her 50k prize – Metro

Kem and Amber (Picture: Getty Images)

Love Island champ Amber Davies has revealed that she has only bought herself one treat with her 25,000-winning prize money a Chanel handbag.

I bought myself a Chanel bag, the reality star has admitted.

I thought to myself well I did win the show so I treated myself to a celebratory Chanel bag. Just one handbag isnt going to hurt is it?

Amber and Kem Cetinay won this years series thanks to their romance which began early on in the series and lasted despite many ups and downs, and they shared the 50,000 prize money.

Speaking to The Sun at V Festival, Amber added that Kem however has been spending his money, on hundreds of trainers, trainers and trainers and trainers as well as Amber: He has spoilt me rotten too though.

Although the pair are co-habiting just yet, Amber previously admitted that could change when her flat contract runs out next summer and wedding rumours are already swirling after Amber was spotted wearing a sparkly ring on her ring finger following Kems admission that Amber is the woman he wants to marry.

MORE: Love Islands Olivia Atwood has been receiving vile death threats

MORE: Olivia Attwood made Chris Hughes unfollow me, claims Love Island star Tyne-Lexy Clarson

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Love Island champ Amber Davies says she’s only bought one thing with her 50k prize – Metro

Island Maps: Caribbean Islands, Greek Islands, Pacific …

Arctic Ocean Atlantic Ocean (North) North of the equator Atlantic Ocean (South) South of the equator Assorted (A – Z) Found in a variety of bays, channels, lakes, rivers, seas, straits, etc. Caribbean Sea Found in a variety of bays, channels, lakes, rivers, seas, straits, etc. Greek Isles Indian Ocean Mediterranean Sea Pacific Ocean (north) north of the equator Pacific Ocean (South) south of the equator Oceania and the South Pacific Islands Trending on WorldAtlas

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The Islands of Ireland: Knight to remember on Clare Island – Irish Examiner

Dan MacCarthydiscusses dragons and knights found on Clare Island, Co Mayo

Rainbow over Clare Island

Biblical dramas adorn our churches and enrich our understanding of art, paintings of a benevolent or agonised Christ, of Madonna and child, of apostolic anguish, beatific cherubs, and many others form a rich tapestry. However, there is another narrative, less religious and more secular, that also forms part of the artistic and literary discourse. Less god-fearing, more nature-worshipping. Less ethereal, more earthy. And on Clare Island, Co Mayo it can be seen in all its glory in the islands medieval church.

For here in St Brigids Abbey you finddepictions of dragons and griffons, stags stalked by wolves, a cockerel, a cattle raid, and a knight on horseback poised to go into battle. The paintings represent ideas current and historic and create a vivd picture of imagined life in 16th century Ireland.

These are scenes and motifs which infuse medieval literature and which repeatedly crop up in The Canterbury Tales and Le Morte dArthur and other great works of the period. Historians and archaeologists consider the Abbeys ceiling paintings unique in the country. The frescoes are in a delicate condition but an extensive preservation project in the 1990s has ensured their survival.

The works were likely commissioned by OMalley chieftains, whose matriarch, Grace or Granuaile, she of the piratical reputation, is believed to be interred in the abbeys tomb. The 16th century pirate queen of Connacht established a formidable reputation of plunder and conquest from her base on Clare Island and other fortresses in Clew Bay.

Medieval knight fresco depicted on the ceiling of St Brigids Abbey on the island

Prosperity was usually measured in head of cattle and with over 1,000, she was very wealthy indeed. Having inherited her fathers international trade business she also established a fleet of ships with 200 men under her command. Granuaile has inspired many songs and plays as a result of her exploits not least the episode where she sailed into the heart of enemy territory at Greenwich, London, to negotiate in Latin with Queen Elizabeth I for the release of her sons. Now all that remains of the pirate queen is her tomb, her reputation and a crumbling tower house on the islands pier. Not a bad legacy.

Clare Island is one of the largest in the country, ranking fourth when islands such as Valentia, Co Kerry, connected by bridge, are discounted. And it has a vibrant population of around 160 people. In 1841, it was home to 1,615.

Famine. Emigration. Survival.

The island has some superb walks which can take in the Napoleonic watchtower, the not insignificant 461m hill of Knockmore, in fact the highest island peak in ireland, and some imposing cliffs on the northside. When the Irish Examiner visited, a pair of wild ponies galloped freely along the cliff edge. Painters, writers, birdwatchers and lighthouse watchers have long been coming to the island. The lighthouse was decommisioned in 1965 as it was often obscured by mist and replaced by the one on Achill Beg to the north. Nowadays, it is a boutique B&B where visitors can even sleep in the old tower house.

Clare Island was the subject of a botanical experiment ifrom 1909 to 1911, when renowned botanist Robert Lloyd Praeger chose it to quantify and qualify the numbers and range of flora and fauna species on an island. Praeger and his team foraging all over the island but especially among the alpine cliffs and bird colonies of the northern cliffs, recorded 1,253 previously unrecorded animal species in Ireland – with 109 species new to science. They analysed everything from mammals to microscopic rhizopods. Of 3,219 plant species identified, 585 were new to Ireland and 11 new to science. The results of this monumental study were published by the Royal Irsh Academy in three volumes.

Describing a setting sun under a brooding bank of clouds on a visit in 1909 Praeger wrote: If a flight of demons or of angels had passed across in that strange atmosphere it would have seemed quite appropriate, and no cause for wonder.

Near the lighthouse road, the remnants of a once-mighty oak forest are visible.

The imagination teems with the former exotica of the now largely denuded island.

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The Islands of Ireland: Knight to remember on Clare Island – Irish Examiner

16000 Indonesian islands registered at UN – Jakarta Post

The United Nations Group of Expert on Geographical Names (UNGEGN) verified 2,590 islands registered by Indonesia during the 11th United Nations Conference on Standardization of Geographical Names (UNCSGN) in New York from Aug. 7-18, an official has stated.

With the additions, the names and locations of 16,056 islands in the archipelago are registered with the UN.

Indonesia has listed 17,504 islands under its sovereignty, saidArif Havas Oegroseno, the assistant for maritime sovereignty at the Office of the Coordinating Maritime Affairs Minister.

“There are 1,448 islands left that need to be validated and verified,” he said in a statement on Saturday.

Read also: Indonesia calls for Archipelagic & Island States Forum

He said the verification of islands in Indonesia needed to be conducted regularly because climate change and natural anomalies, such as abrasions, had led to the emergence and disappearance of islands.

Registering islands with the UN was also important to prevent duplicate names, Arif added.

Led by Geospatial Information Agency (BIG) head Zaenal Abidin, the Indonesian delegation at the 11th UNCSGN consisted of officials from the BIG, the Office of the Coordinating Maritime Affairs Minister, the Office of the Coordinating Political, Legal and Security Affairs Minister, the Home Ministry, the Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Ministry and the University of Indonesia. (yon/bbs)

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16000 Indonesian islands registered at UN – Jakarta Post

Join the search for surf deep in the Canaries – Red Bull

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Join the search for surf deep in the Canaries
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Photographer Sergio Villalba hails from the Canary Islands, the Spanish island chain that sits not far off the southern coast of Morocco. His work has been shaped by the rugged landscape of the islands and the perpetual sense of raw adventure they

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Join the search for surf deep in the Canaries – Red Bull

Four new faces at OISD – Islands’ Sounder

Barb Nigretto District office general support

We have a new person in the Orcas Island School District business office Barb Nigretto; yes, of course, she is related by marriage to the island family of the same name! Barb is responsible for our accounts payable and receivables and provides general support for the business office. Barb and husband Ron have returned to the PNW after many years in Nashville Tennessee. Barb recently retired from a 30-year career with the Ford Motor Co., having worked in various financial management positions while there. Barb and Ron have two children daughter Natalie in Atlanta and newlywed son Anthony still resides in Tennessee. Barb and Ron love their new life on Orcas with their dog, Lucy. They are also enjoying time on their boat and spending time with their large extended family! Were happy to have her here!

John Pacasum Maintenance

OISD welcomes John Pacasum! John was hired just before the end of the school year to work in OISD Maintenance, and just in time to help ready our campus for our largest event of the year OHS graduation. John migrated to the US (West Los Angeles) from The Philippines when he was a teenager. After attending college at UC Santa Cruz he managed to live in Hawaii for a while until finally landing in the Northwest where he met his wife, Lisa Jenkins. John and Lisa moved to Orcas from Tacoma just last year when Lisa was hired as one of our elementary school teachers. John has years of working in the construction trade. Prior to moving to Orcas, he was a roofing contractor. John and Lisa have three children all students at OISD David (16), Joseph (12) and Khloe (9). John describes his marriage to Lisa as still blissful after 12 years.

Ryan Kennedy High school math

Meet our new Orcas Island High School math teacher, Ryan Kennedy. Ryan has always wanted to teach, however, life and careers took him in other directions first. This latest career choice has been a great transition for him and his young family. He is 27 years young and credits his love of math to an amazing high school teacher of his back in Atlanta GA, where he is originally from. In addition to teaching here, Ryan is also working on obtaining his masters in Education (Instruction design and technology) from Western Governors University. He also has 9 years of experience cooking in restaurants from a farm/restaurant in France (where he learned to cook), to Corsica, Spain and California. Ryan moved to Orcas in 2012 where he went to work at Doe Bay Caf and then onto work as Sous Chef at Hogstones Wood Oven. He did his student teaching for his certification here at OIHS with Vicki Clancy. He and his wife, Stephanie have two children 3-year-old daughter, Charlie, and a 1-year-old boy, Teddy (pictured here with his dad while on vacation this summer). They are proud owners of an OPAL home and love living on Orcas Island. Ryan is thrilled to be starting his teaching career here!

Kristee Rajczi Special education

Orcas Island School District welcomes another new teacher to our Special Education staff this year Kristee Rajczi she has 10 years overall teaching experience in Friday Harbor and Las Vegas, Nevada. For the last five years, Special Education has held a special place in her heart. In addition to her teaching duties, Kristee is also pursuing a National Board Certificate. This school year she will be working with our teachers and families in grades pre-kindergarten through second. She and her family, including her husband and daughter, Janna, will continue to live on San Juan Island where they maintain a small business. They love living and working in an island community!

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Four new faces at OISD – Islands’ Sounder

Chinese data buoy found in Andaman and Nicobar Islands – The New Indian Express

CHENNAI: A data buoy believed to be of Chinese-origin has been located by the Indian Coast Guard and Para Military Force (PMF) on the shores of Kamrota island in Nicobar district of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Indian National Centre for Oceanic Information (INCOIS), Hyderabad, director Dr Satheesh C Shenoi told The New Indian Express that Chinese officials informed INCOIS about the buoy drifting towards Indian waters.

The data buoy was deployed at the International waters and has drifted towards Andaman and Nicobar Islands after breaking free from its moorings, Satheesh Shenoi said.

The Coast Guard said that a search party off Dring Harbour on the Northwestern side of Kamrota Island was tasked with locating the yellow buoy after receiving information from INCOIS.

It was discovered that the buoy landed on the beach, and the top antenna was broken and separated, the Coast Guard said.

The approach to the buoys location is only from the sea as the surrounding area is thickly wooded and has a dense forest, it added.

“The Coast Guard is coordinating with the National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai to ascertain further details of the buoy,” a statement said.

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Chinese data buoy found in Andaman and Nicobar Islands – The New Indian Express

Last day for lake trout: Season closes in Apostle Islands area as … – WDAZ

Fishing will be permitted in WI-2 through 11:59 p.m. Saturday, Aug. 20. That zone stretches from Bark Point to the Michigan border and includes the Apostle Islands.

Lake trout fishing in WI-1, from Superior to Bark Point, will continue through Sept. 30.

The closure is taking effect because the harvest of lake trout since last December through late July had reached a predetermined threshold of 7,350 fish out of an overall total allowable catch of 9,800, said Terry Margenau, DNR Lake Superior fisheries supervisor at Bayfield.

Under an emergency regulation adopted last December, the lake trout harvest was to be shut down in WI-2 if harvest reached 7,350 75 percent of the total allowable catch. Harvest figures are determined by creel surveys angler interviews done at boat landings throughout the year, and from monthly harvest reports filed by charter anglers.

If the quota had not been reached, the lake trout season in WI-2 would have continued through Sept. 30.

After seeking feedback last fall in public meetings and through an online survey, DNR officials established new emergency lake trout regulations for WI-2. The regulations were put in place in an effort to help the lake trout population recover, Margenau said.

The new WI-2 regulations, established in December, allowed anglers to keep two lake trout with a minimum size of 15 inches, with only one over 25 inches long.

The reason for the 7,350 trigger threshold is that harvest estimates based on creel surveys and charter fishing reports lag behind actual harvest, Margenau said. Now 20 days into August, the harvest is likely much higher than 7,350.

The lake trout harvest had been relatively low from last December through June, Margenau said.

“Starting in December, we were doing well as far as numbers,” Margenau said. “There was very poor ice in the islands, and that limited the deep-water bobbing. Then we had a miserable spring with lots of rain.”

Turbid waters slowed fishing as well. Through June, the lake trout harvest in WI-2 was just 3,865 fish, Margenau said.

“July was a different story,” he said. “Weather was good, fish were biting and guys were getting out.”

By the end of July, the harvest had reached 7,335 fish, Margenau said, near the 7,350 harvest quota that called for the season to close.

Al House, president of the Apostle Islands Sport Fishermen’s Association, said anglers supported the emergency regulation chosen last fall, although they knew a pre-emptive season closure was theoretically possible.

“I think no one really realized it could happen this year,” House said. “But this has been a banner year for lake trout in the Apostles. I don’t blame the DNR. The DNR is between a rock and a hard place. They don’t have a whole lot of choice in the matter.”

Allocation of lake trout

According to the DNR, in a total allowable catch of 54,000 lake trout annually in WI-2, the Red Cliff and Bad River bands of Lake Superior Chippewa are allowed 73 percent (39,300 lake trout) of the catch for commercial or home use. Of the 27 percent allocation to the state (14,700 lake trout), sport anglers are allowed 9,800 fish and state-licensed commercial fishers are allowed 4,900 fish.

The closure will have broad implications on businesses in the Apostle Islands area, House said.

“It will affect charter fishing, retail shops, motels, gas stations everything sport fishermen utilize when they come up here to go lake trout fishing,” House said. “I think, going forward, something has to be worked out different so this doesn’t happen again.”

Sixteen charter captains operate in the Apostle Islands, House said. They can continue to fish for coho salmon and brown trout.

“But the coho won’t show up until the second week of September, and the brown trout are spread out now and not ready for staging,” House said. “Basically, for the next three weeks, the charter captains are out of luck.”

“It’s a very big deal, businesswise,” said Carolyn Swartz of Anglers All in Ashland. “It means a loss of a certain amount of business and, obviously, to charter captains, a big loss of business. Hopefully, customers will understand they can still fish for brown trout and cohos and splake.”


Last day for lake trout: Season closes in Apostle Islands area as … – WDAZ

Historical society lecture to cover Cuttyhunk and the Elizabeth Islands – SouthCoastToday.com

MATTAPOISETT Seth Mendell, president emeritus of the Mattapoisett Historical Society, will give a lecture on Cuttyhunk and the Elizabeth Islands on Sunday, Sept. 3 at 5:30 p.m. at the Mattapoisett Historical Society, 5 Church Street, Mattapoisett.

Eighteen years before the pilgrims landed at Plymouth, Captain Bartholomew Gosnold, sailing for the Queen of England, landed on Cutthunk Island in 1602, a release about the lecture states. He named the string of islands separating Buzzards Bay from Vineyard Sound in honor of his queen. For over 400 years, the islands have had an interesting and colorful history.

Mendell will trace the development of the township of Gosnold on Cuttyhunk and the particular contributions of Peleg Slocum, William Wood and the U.S. Government. He will conclude his remarks with the disastrous wreck of the “Wanderer” on the rocky shores of Cuttyhunk, Aug. 26, 1924.

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Historical society lecture to cover Cuttyhunk and the Elizabeth Islands – SouthCoastToday.com

Small earthquake strikes off Hawaii island’s east coast – Fox News

HONOLULU A magnitude 4.1 earthquake hit off the coast of the Big Island of Hawaii.

The U.S. Geological Survey’s Hawaii Volcano Observatory says the earthquake struck at 8:35 p.m. Friday about 66 miles (107 kilometers) northeast of the town of Hawaiian Beaches on the island’s east coast.

The agency reports that about 100 people on the islands of Hawaii, Maui, Molokai and Oahu said they felt the earthquake.

Brian Shiro, the agency’s seismic network manager, says the earthquake was likely caused by the bending of the oceanic plate from the weight of the island. He says it does not pose no significant hazard. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center says there is no tsunami threat and that the quake had no effect on Kilauea Volcano.


Small earthquake strikes off Hawaii island’s east coast – Fox News