Cryptocurrency News: XRP Validators, Malta, and Practical Tokens

Cryptocurrency News & Market Summary
Investors finally saw some light at the end of the tunnel last week, with cryptos soaring across the board. No one quite knows what kicked off the rally—as it could have been any of the stories we discuss below—but the net result was positive.

Of course, prices won’t stay on this rocket ride forever. I expect to see a resurgence of volatility in short order, because the market is moving as a single unit. Everything is rising in tandem.

This tells me that investors are simply “buying the dip” rather than identifying which cryptos have enough real-world value to outlive the crash.

So if you want to know when.

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Cryptocurrency News: XRP Validators, Malta, and Practical Tokens

Cryptocurrency News: Bitcoin ETFs, Andreessen Horowitz, and Contradictions in Crypto

Cryptocurrency News
This was a bloody week for cryptocurrencies. Everything was covered in red, from Ethereum (ETH) on down to the Basic Attention Token (BAT).

Some investors claim it was inevitable. Others say that price manipulation is to blame.

We think the answers are more complicated than either side has to offer, because our research reveals deep contradictions between the price of cryptos and the underlying development of blockchain projects.

For instance, a leading venture capital (VC) firm launched a $300.0-million crypto investment fund, yet liquidity continues to dry up in crypto markets.

Another example is the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission’s.

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Cryptocurrency News: Bitcoin ETFs, Andreessen Horowitz, and Contradictions in Crypto

Cryptocurrency News: Vitalik Buterin Doesn’t Care About Bitcoin ETFs

Cryptocurrency News
While headline numbers look devastating this week, investors might take some solace in knowing that cryptocurrencies found their bottom at roughly $189.8 billion in market cap—that was the low point. Since then, investors put more than $20.0 billion back into the market.

During the rout, Ethereum broke below $300.00 and XRP fell below $0.30, marking yearly lows for both tokens. The same was true down the list of the top 100 biggest cryptos.

Altcoins took the brunt of the hit. BTC Dominance, which reveals how tightly investment is concentrated in Bitcoin, rose from 42.62% to 53.27% in just one month, showing that investors either fled altcoins at higher.

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Cryptocurrency News: Vitalik Buterin Doesn’t Care About Bitcoin ETFs

Dublin Aerospace

Dublin Aerospace is based at Dublin International Airport, Ireland. Our facility is 20,000m2 in size and covers Hangar 1, 4 and 5. We operate a 4 bay base maintenance facility that can presently handle approx 70 aircraft per annum, an APU overhaul centre that can handle 400 APUs a year and a Landing Gear services centre that has capacity for 250 legs annually.

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Dublin Aerospace

Home – Aerospace Industries Association

Now more than ever, membership in AIA is the right decision.

As we all know, this is a turbulent time for the nation and the aerospace and defense industrywe face numerous economic and political challenges, both domestically and internationally.

In times like these, AIAs strong representation and advocacy is essential to protecting the business interests of the nations aerospace and defense industry and helping to establish new opportunities.

We help youand all levels of your organizationget closer to your customers and competitors by providing numerous networking opportunities through meetings, international air shows, and an extensive network of councils, committees, and working groups.

Learn More

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Home – Aerospace Industries Association

AsMA | Aerospace Medical Association

AsMA | Aerospace Medical Association

This website uses cookies to ensure the best possible web experience. By continuing and using the site, you consent to the use of cookies. If you wish to disable them or to learn more about how we use cookies, please view our Cookies Policy. Got it!

Learn about the history and mission of Aerospace Medicine by watching the professionals making it happen!

Military aviation operations present numerous unique Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance issues. Sustained acceleration, fatigue, orientation problems, and attention management issues are just a few.

Commercial aviation presents Aerospace Medicine problems for the aircrew, ground support crews, and the passengers they serve.

General aviation aircraft present unique Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance problems. Human Performance factors continue to be leading causes of General Aviation mishaps.

The ability for humans to perform under extreme environmental conditions poses challenging problems for Aerospace Medicine professionals. Altitude, thermal issues, fatigue, acceleration, and numerous other environmental stressors must be appropriately managed to ensure optimized human performance. Managing the mission environment through technology requires a process of human-centered design and acquisition known as Human Systems Integration.

Human participation in space operations presents some of the most interesting and challenging Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance problems. Microgravity, bone density and muscle atrophy issues, radiation exposure, and thermal stressors are just some of the space medicine problems.

AsMA is a scientific forum providing a setting for many different disciplines to come together and share their expertise for the benefit of all persons involved in air and space travel. The Association has provided its expertise to a multitude of Federal and international agencies on a broad range of issues, including aviation and space medical standards, the aging pilot, and physiological stresses of flight. AsMA’s membership includes aerospace medicine specialists, flight nurses, physiologists, psychologists, human factors specialists, physician assistants, and researchers in this field. Most are with industry, civil aviation regulatory agencies, departments of defense and military services, the airlines, space programs, and universities.

Approximately 30% of the membershiporiginate from outside the United States.

Through the efforts of the AsMA members, safety in flight and man’s overall adaptation to adverse environments have been more nearly achieved.

Lifestyle Diseases conference, Lifestyle Diseases workshop, Global Lifestyle Diseases Conference, Lifestyle Diseases symposium, Lifestyle Diseases congress, Lifestyle Diseases meeting, Lifestyle Di…Read More

The peer-reviewed monthly journal provides contact with physicians, life scientists, bioengineers, and medical specialists working in both basic medical research and in its clinical applications…

The AsMA Global Connection Story with IACRoland Vermeiren, M.D., FAsMA

So youre looking online for a particular article from Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance (AMHP). How do you find it?

AsMAs staff were deeply saddened to hear of the death of L. Edward Antosek, M.D.

The Aerospace Human Factors Association (AsHFA) President, Dr. Annette Sobel, has published a visioning statement related to the application of Aerospace Human Factors to Space Missions. Read more

The Translational Research Institute for Space Health (TRISH) is offering several funding opportunities:

Call for 2019 TRISH Postdoctoral Fellowships Now open!Read more

More Announcements

The Aerospace Medical Association offers free information publications for passengers preparing for commercial airline travel. We also offer more detailed medical guidelines for physicians that can be used to advise patients with preexisting illness planning to travel by air.

Which of the following is NOT included in an examination of the sensorium?

a.Orientation to time, place, and personb.Retention of three unrelated memory items for five minutesc.General knowledged.Depressed or elated moode.Proverb interpretation: concrete or abstract.

Read the Answer More Questions

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AsMA | Aerospace Medical Association

North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)

U.S. Air Force Gen. Terrence J. OShaughnessy receives the North American Aerospace Defense Commands flag from the Canadian Armed Forces Chief of the Defence Staff, Gen. J.H. Vance, signifying his acceptance of command, May 24, 2018 on Peterson U.S. Air Force Base, Colorado OShaughnessy is the 25th NORAD commander. (DoD Photo by N&NC Public Affairs)

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North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD)

NASA Announces Date for First SpaceX Crew Dragon Test Flight

The Final Countdown(s)

Not counting the time Elon Musk jettisoned a dummy in a Tesla toward Mars, SpaceX hasn’t flown a crewed mission. Ever. In fact, the United States hasn’t flown a crewed mission since the July 2011 Atlantis flight. Luckily, we’ve had Russia to rely on. 

That could change next year. On January 7, the first flight of a SpaceX Dragon craft designed to carry a crew is set to take off from Kennedy Space Center, according to NASA. Now, to be clear, this Dragon capsule is meant for a crew, but this particular flight will not be a crewed mission – yet.

Think of it as a test for NASA’s future Commercial Crew Program. Called Demo-1, the flight – and others like it over the next few months – will culminate in a crewed launch in June 2019 (Demo-2).


In addition to SpaceX, Boeing – which also has a commercial crew contract with NASA – also has many test flights planned over the next year, and a crewed mission in August 2019 using the CST-100 Starliner capsule. Boeing’s first test flight won’t be as early as SpaceX though – it’s slated for March 2019.

Between these flight tests, both companies will also need to complete “abort tests” – proving that the astronauts can safely escape unscathed in the possibility of an emergency. After each test, NASA will look over all the data, reviewing performance, safety, and looking for opportunities to resolve issues – until all systems are certified.

So the big question: Will both companies stay on schedule? If all goes well. But delays also aren’t entirely avoidable. “Flying safety has always taken precedence over schedule,” says NASA spokeswoman Marie Lewis to Reuters. SpaceX has seen delays before. And it’s not just Elon Musk. Space is full of delays.

But, patience is key. As the old saying goes: Test twice and launch once, right?

READ MORE: SpaceX’s crew rocket set for January test flight [Reuters]

More on SpaceX: SpaceX Just Launched a Rocket With a Critical Reused Part

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NASA Announces Date for First SpaceX Crew Dragon Test Flight

This Is the Biggest Thanksgiving Ever for Fake Meat

This Thanksgiving, families across the country will be roasting Torfurkys, Field Roasts and other fake meat in addition to genuine turkeys.

Fake Meat

This Thanksgiving, families across the country will oven-roast Tofurkys, Field Roasts, and other fake meats in addition to — or instead of — genuine turkeys.

That’s according to MarketWatch, which reports that there will be more plant-based meat substitutes at holiday feasts this holiday season than any previous year. It cites a Nielsen report that found that meat substitute sales grew 6.1 percent this year, to $555 million — yet another sign that Americans’ diets are shifting toward meat alternatives.

Pro-Earth Protein

A Fortune profile of Tofurky’s growing meatless empire breaks down the factors that are driving buyers towards meatless goods. There are ethical concerns about the treatment of animals, naturally, but the profile also identified concerns about health and the impact of farming on the environment as factors that are pushing American shoppers toward plant-based meat substitutes.

“That’s not a fad,” Walmart’s Chase Worthen, who helps the company decide what vegetarian goods to stock in its stores, told the business magazine. “It’s a trend that’s here to stay.”

Future Outlook

In addition to these clever simulacrums made out of soy and other plant-based proteins, there’s a specter on the horizon that could further upend Americans’ relationship with protein: meat substitutes that are grown from animal cells in a lab.

MarketWatch pointed to a report by food consultancy Baum and Whiteman that predicted lab-grown meats, like those made by Memphis Meats and Future Meat Technologies, will be a key food trend in 2019.

If that report is right, Thanksgiving might never be the same again.

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This Is the Biggest Thanksgiving Ever for Fake Meat

NASA Isn’t Happy About SpaceX’s “Frat House” Culture

NASA's plans to conducts a

Not Amused

Elon Musk is the rockstar of the tech world. The man plays almost as hard as he works. He dates musicians and actresses, tweets from the hip, and *gasp* even dares to smoke legal marijuana on camera.

This lifestyle may have earned the billionaire legions of fans, but now it’s also jeopardizing the future of one of his companies — and maybe humanity’s future in the process.

Safety First

On Tuesday, The Washington Post reported that NASA would conduct an extensive safety review of Musk’s SpaceX and Boeing, the two private companies contracted to fly NASA astronauts to the International Space Station.

This review will begin in 2019 and examine “everything and anything that could impact safety,” NASA’s associate administrator for human exploration William Gerstenmaier told WaPo.

Old Timers

Seems straightforward enough — NASA simply wants to ensure that safety is a top priority for both of companies that could soon be responsible for the lives of astronauts, right?

Not quite. Three officials with knowledge of the probe told WaPo that the review is the direct result of Musk’s recent behavior, specifically his decision to smoke marijuana and drink whiskey on Joe Rogan’s video podcast.

As a source familiar with NASA’s motivations behind the review told Ars Technica, “SpaceX is the frat house, and NASA is the old white guy across the street yelling at them to ‘Get off my lawn.’”

A Team Deferred

NASA has yet to directly confirm those reports, but in a statement to press, NASA spokesman Bob Jacobs did say the review would “ensure the companies are meeting NASA’s requirements for workplace safety, including the adherence to a drug-free environment.”

If NASA believes this review is needed to ensure the safety of astronauts, then it’s clearly warranted. However, if this is simply a case of the old guard attempting to impose its cultural values on the new — as that “frat house” comment seems to imply — NASA really might want to reconsider its priorities.

After all, any time that SpaceX employees spend answering questions as part of this review is time they could be spending help advance the future of human spaceflight.

READ MORE: NASA to Launch Safety Review of SpaceX and Boeing After Video of Elon Musk Smoking Pot Rankled Agency Leaders [The Washington Post]

More on Elon Musk: The Most Far-out Statements From Elon Musk’s Wide-Ranging Interview With Joe Rogan

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NASA Isn’t Happy About SpaceX’s “Frat House” Culture

See How AI Can Turn Almost Any Surface Into a User Interface

Startup HyperSurfaces demonstrates how its AI-powered technology can make a car door, glass wall, or clothes rack

Midas Touch

A startup called HyperSurfaces wants to completely change how you interact with the physical world — and based on some recently released demo videos, it might just meet that lofty goal.

The London-based startup recently unveiled a new technology that can transform any object into a user interface. Essentially, this tech lets you communicate with a computing system using virtually anything you like as a conduit — a glass wall, a car door, even a metal clothes rack — and it has the potential to end our reliance on keyboards, buttons, and touch screens forever.

Cutting Edge

The HyperSurfaces system comprises two parts: sensors that detect the vibrations that form when a user touches an object and a system-on-a-chip that uses AI to process that sensory information. Because all the processing takes place on the chip — and not, for instance, in the cloud — the feedback in nearly instantaneous.

This wouldn’t have been possible just a few years ago, according to HyperSurfaces CEO Bruno Zamborlin.

“The HyperSurfaces algorithms belong to the current state of the art in deep learning research,” he told TechCrunch. “On top of this, the computational power of microchips literally exploded over the last years allowing for machine learning algorithms to run locally in real-time whilst achieving a bill of material of just a few dollars. These applications are possible now and were not possible 3 or 5 years ago.”

Scratch the Surface

In the demos, HyperSurfaces’s system-on-a-chip connects to a laptop that declares the action taking place (“knock wall” or “bounce ball on wall,” for example). However, it’s not hard to imagine how we could calibrate the system to be much more useful. Want to turn on your home audio system? Just tap your wall. Think the music is too quiet? Drag a finger down it to decrease the volume.

HyperSurfaces appears completely aware of its tech’s extraordinary potential, too. The company’s website predicts that “[c]onsumer electronics, IoT, retail, transportation, augmented reality,” and more will “potentially be changed forever.” 

READ MORE: HyperSurfaces Turns Any Surface Into a User Interface Using Vibration Sensors and AI [TechCrunch]

More on smart homes: 17 Smart Home Products That Don’t Need Access to Your Wi-Fi

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See How AI Can Turn Almost Any Surface Into a User Interface

Scientists Are 3D Printing Fake Moon Dust Into Useful Objects

3D Printing on the Moon

Replacing parts on a lunar base could pose a major challenge, since resupplying missions will likely be massively expensive and time consuming.

That’s why a group of scientists led by the European Space Agency are exploring ways to 3D print anything from screws to coins using artificial lunar regolith — a simulation, essentially, of moon dust.

Easy Space Oven

The scientists partnered with Austrian company Lithoz to develop a 3D printing technology that first mixes the regolith with a special kind of glue that hardens when exposed to light. Then they 3D print it into a particular shape and bake it inside an oven — similarly to how ceramics are hardened inside a kiln.

“If one needs to print tools or machinery parts to replace broken parts on a lunar base, precision in the dimensions and shape of the printed items will be vital,” says Advenit Makya, an ESA engineer working on the project in an ESA blog post.


It’s a work in progress, and the project has yet to find out if the 3D printed parts will actually be able to hold up to the stresses of lunar base life, according to Live Science.

But if we do find a way to 3D print objects using locally sourced materials, the possibilities are endless. The tech could make living on the Moon a whole lot easier — and maybe a tiny bit less reliant on the Earth.

READ MORE: European Researchers Baked Fake Moon Dust into Money and Screws [Live Science]

More on 3D printing on the moon: Here Are The Finalists For NASA’s Mars Habitat Design Competition

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Scientists Are 3D Printing Fake Moon Dust Into Useful Objects

A Wearable Robot Arm Makes You Work for Thanksgiving Leftovers

Arm-A-Dine is a robot arm that picks up food and feeds it to whichever human looks happiest. If you want dinner, you'll have to smile for the camera.

Who’s Hungry?

This Thanksgiving, our robot overlords will only feed us if they feel we truly deserve each morsel of our traditional human meals.

At least, that’s a grim interpretation of Arm-A-Dine, a semi-autonomous robotic third arm that gamifies Thanksgiving Dinner.

Happy Meal

The robotic arm will feed whichever human looks happiest about their upcoming treat, reports IEEE Spectrum. After someone manually guides the chest-mounted robot toward a piece of food, it will grab the morsel and hold it in the air. If the person sitting across from the arm looks happy about the prospect of a snack, Arm-A-Dine will deliver it to their mouth. Yummy!

If that person actively frowns, the food will go to the person wearing the robotic arm. If the person seems fairly neutral, Arm-A-Dine will wave the food back and forth before feeding it to a human mouth of the device’s choosing, according to research published by Australian engineers at Melbourne’s RMIT University that will be presented at the human-robot interaction conference SIGCHI this month.

Benevolent Overlords

Thankfully, IEEE Spectrum mentions, Arm-A-Dine will avoid punching out your teeth by bringing the food about ten centimeters from your face.

Just like in “Hitch,” your feederbot will wait as long as it takes for you to come the last ten percent and claim your reward.

READ MORE: Feed Your Friends With Autonomous Chest-Mounted Robot Arms [IEEE Spectrum]

More on augmentative robotics: New Prosthetic Limbs are More Interchangeable Than Ever

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A Wearable Robot Arm Makes You Work for Thanksgiving Leftovers

See the 3D Images Produced by the First Full-Body Medical Scanner

Researchers from UC David have released the first images produced by EXPLORER, a medical scanner that images the whole body in 3D.

Seeing Daylight

Thirteen years ago, UC Davis scientists Simon Cherry and Ramsey Badawi had an idea for a machine that could scan the entire human body at once, producing a 3D image that could help medical specialists with everything from diagnosing conditions to developing new drug treatments.

Now, that once-hypothetical scanner is very real. And the first images it produced are even more impressive than its creators expected.

Superior Scan

The EXPLORER scanner uses a combination of two well-known imaging techniques — positron emission tomography (PET) and x-ray computed tomography (CT) — to scan the entire human body at once.

But eliminating the need to take separate scans of separate body parts is just one of EXPLORER’s advantages over existing scanning tech. It’s also fast, producing its whole body scan in just 20 to 30 seconds — roughly 40 times faster than a PET scan. It’s safer, too, requiring a far smaller radiation dose than what’s needed for a PET scan.

EXPLORER can even produce movies, giving researchers the ability to track drugs as they make their way through the human body.

Exceeding Expectations

Ultimately, both Cherry and Badawi were highly impressed by the first scan produced by EXPLORER.

“While I had imagined what the images would look like for years, nothing prepared me for the incredible detail we could see on that first scan,” Cherry said in a press release.

“There is no other device that can obtain data like this in humans, so this is truly novel,” Badawi added.

Cherry said he doesn’t think it’ll be long before multiple EXPLORER systems are in use around the world, so take a look at the above video of the machine’s first scan if you want a glimpse at the future of medical imaging.

READ MORE: Human Images From the World’s First Total-Body Medical Scanner Unveiled [UC Davis]

More on medical scanners: These Mind-Blowing Images of the Human Body Were Made by a New Kind of Scanner

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See the 3D Images Produced by the First Full-Body Medical Scanner

It’s No Ancient Secret, a High-Tech Headband Can Help Train Your Brain to Meditate

Many people try to use meditation to do something to their brain. They want to quiet it, focus it, energize it, or zap some ideas into it. What some of those people don’t realize is that, while the end results of meditation can certainly do all those things to their brain, the first step in establishing a beneficial and long-term meditation practice is to start with an understanding of what is going on in that brain in the first place.

In the past, that wasn’t easy to do. To get a glimpse inside the brain, doctors have to use electroencephalography, also known as EEG technology, to get a graph of the different waves traveling through there at any given time. Most people either didn’t have the access, funds, or time to get hooked up to EEG sensors to see what’s happening inside their head. Alternatively, they might lack a medical reason to do so at all. Now, though, with new affordable wearable technology like the Muse headband, people are able to get a glimpse of their brainwaves – and also personalized, data-driven feedback that will guide them in training their brain.

Brain training is a more critical part of meditation than most people realize. As the billions of neurons in the human brain travel throughout the organ’s complex networks, they communicate with each other via small electrical currents that produce a synchronized movement known as a brainwave. Neuroscientists learned that by placing electrodes on a person’s scalp, in the process known as EEG, they can track and visualize those waves.

They’ve detected five main types of brainwaves, all occurring in different moments of consciousness. The slowest brain waves, delta waves, happen while you sleep – and are crucial for the rest and relaxation that your brain needs after working hard all day. At the other end of the spectrum are Gamma brainwaves, the fastest ones recorded by EEG. They are the waves considered the peak of physical or mental performance, the kind that occur when you feel like you’re “in the zone” at work, or have a sudden burst of inspiration.

While similarities exist between all human brains, scientists have recently begun to realize that the brainwaves of highly experienced meditation practitioners, such as Buddhist monks, are different than those of non-meditators. For most non-meditators, Gamma brainwaves happen infrequently, and often don’t last very long. But in experienced meditators, neuroscientists have observed that Gamma brainwaves are stronger and more regularly observed. Plus, they have more control over the ease at which they switch between waves. While non-meditators have to wait around for their “aha” moment to strike, it’s easier for long-term meditators to switch their brain into focus mode.

Many of those experienced and enlightened meditators got there through hours of brain study, practice, and guidance. That’s a great path for some, but one that most people don’t have the funds, time, or access to pursue. For those people, there is Muse. The sleek, portable headband uses seven small sensors to detect the brain’s electrical activity. Some wearable technology stops there – they simply clock how many steps you’ve taken that day, or how many hours of restful sleep you got. But Muse takes it one step further. In addition to clocking your brain’s activity, it uses a highly complex algorithm to deliver you real-time audio feedback during sessions and usable data metrics post-session to help you improve.

That real time feedback is the roadmap to establishing a meditation practice that can help minimize stress, focus the brain, and improve overall well being. The result is data-driven learning and real time feedback that doesn’t just give you the immediate benefits of a meditative session, but also the tools you need to train your brain to be more focused, rejuvenated, and mindful going forward.

Neuroscientists have already taken the highly portable product into to the field. Researchers from MIT and Harvard have used Muse to learn more about how the brain classifies pain, and researchers from British Columbia took Muse to Nepal to better understand the minds of Buddhist monks.

But the beauty of the product is that it’s not just for neuroscientists. As long as you have a smart device, a few moments, and a brain, you can use it anywhere at any time. And now, you can use it more affordably. As part of a Black Friday deal, you can get a Muse for just $159. It’s a deal so great that if it didn’t have everything to do with bettering your brain, it’d be called a no-brainer.

Futurism fans: To create this content, a non-editorial team worked with Muse, who sponsored this post. This post does not reflect the views or the endorsement of the Futurism.com editorial staff.

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It’s No Ancient Secret, a High-Tech Headband Can Help Train Your Brain to Meditate

Elon Musk Says There’s a 70 Percent Chance He’ll Move to Mars

During an interview with Axios, Elon Musk said he thinks there's a 70% chance he will go to Mars himself — and not just for a short visit.

It’s Personal

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk doesn’t just want to send people to Mars — he plans to travel to the Red Planet himself.

On Sunday night, HBO aired the latest episode of “Axios on HBO,” a four-part documentary series covering the latest in tech, science, and politics. During an interview with Musk, Axios‘s Mike Allen and Jim VandeHei asked the billionaire entrepreneur how likely he was to go to Mars himself. Musk’s reply: “70 percent.”

He’s not just planning to visit the planet, either — “I’m talking about moving there,” he told Allen and VandeHei.

The Ultimate Relocation

Musk attributes his willingness to travel to Mars to the progress SpaceX is making, noting that several breakthroughs have him really “fired up.”

During the interview, he also elaborated on the conditions he expects to face if he does make it to Mars, noting that life there would be anything but leisurely:

Your probability of dying on Mars is much higher than Earth… It’s gonna be hard, there’s a good chance of death, going in a little can through deep space. You might land successfully. Once you land successfully, you’ll be working nonstop to build the base. So, you know, not much time for leisure. And once you get there, even after doing all this, it’s a very harsh environment, so you, there’s a good chance you die there. We think you can come back, but we’re not sure.

Best of the Rest

Mars wasn’t the only topic Musk talked about during the Axios interview. He also discussed his neuroscience company, Neuralink, noting that its long-term goal is “to achieve a symbiosis with artificial intelligence,” which he asserts is an “existential threat” to humanity.

And of course, no Musk interview would be complete without mention of Tesla.

Musk told Axios the company was near-death as it ramped up production of the Model 3 earlier in 2018: “Essentially, the company was bleeding money like crazy, and if we didn’t solve these problems in a very short period of time, we would die. And it was extremely difficult to solve them.”

READ MORE: Elon Musk: There’s a 70% Chance That I Personally Go to Mars [Axios]

More on SpaceX and Mars: Elon Musk Just Changed the BFR’s Name for a Fourth Time

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Elon Musk Says There’s a 70 Percent Chance He’ll Move to Mars

Watch Out Tesla: Rivian’s Electric Truck Will Drop in 2020

Nuts for Trucks

As the electric car market heats up worldwide, more and more car manufacturers are closing in on a market dominated by prominent brands like Chevrolet, Nissan, and Tesla.

And it’s not just luxury sedans or dinky subcompacts that drivers will be charging at night. US-based automaker startup Rivian revealed a brand new plug-in pickup truck at the Los Angeles Auto Show today. The company is also expected to announce a similar SUV tomorrow, according to The Verge.

Need for Speed

The R1T pickup has some pretty incredible specs. It comes in three different battery capacities, the biggest of which offers an impressive range of 400 miles. And it’s fast, too: zero to 60 mph in just three seconds — that’s even faster than the Tesla Model 3 Performance’s 3.3 seconds. That’s thanks to four motors that provide 200 horsepower to each wheel, according to Rivian’s website. Top speed: 125 miles per hour.

It also boasts some pretty luxurious features: multiple massive touchscreen displays in the dashboard, three power outlets in the truck bed, and self-driving technology.

And, perhaps most importantly, it might beat Tesla’s “Blade Runner-style” pickup truck to market. Rivian has an ambitious timeline in mind, and wants to start selling first units in 2020. We have yet to hear from Tesla about an exact release date for its truck, but the specs will likely be pretty comparable.

Keep on Truckin’

Rivian is targeting an audience that loves to spend time outdoors or needs a reliable utility truck for work. That’s a steadfast market that prides itself on raw power, and performance.

Will these kind of specs win over enough contractors and construction workers? As Faraday Future’s recent demise goes to show, the electric car market is a sink-or-swim industry.

READ MORE: The all-electric Rivian R1T is a dream truck for adventurers [The Verge]

More on electric pickup trucks: Tesla Pickup Truck Will Be Straight Out of “Blade Runner”

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Watch Out Tesla: Rivian’s Electric Truck Will Drop in 2020

Here’s how to Watch NASA’s InSight Rover Land on Mars

NASA's InSight rover will land on Mars one way or another on Monday. Here's how you can tune in and watch how it goes down.

Welcome Wagon

NASA’s newest rover, InSight, is set to land on the surface of Mars around 11:00 AM PST on Monday. And in spite of NASA’s spotty track record with Mars landings, experts expect for InSight to touch down and get to work on several years’ worth of scheduled scientific research.

We at Futurism will be watching NASA’s live stream of the event, and you can do the same below. The actual landing will happen shortly after this article goes live, but it will still take three hours after the landing for NASA scientists to confirm that the rover is fully operational.

New Kid on the Block

Recently, we’ve mourned NASA’s Curiosity rover, which spent 14 years exploring the red planet before finally crapping out in October. Then there’s the Kepler Space Telescope, which ran out of fuel and was decommissioned last month.

While we deeply miss these lost scientific instruments, InSight could usher in a new era of Mars exploration and research, probing beneath the planet’s surface and letting us learn more about our planetary neighbor than we ever could — if it survives the perilous landing.

We’ll be watching with our fingers crossed, hoping that it goes well.

Read more: NASA Live: Official Stream of NASA TV [YouTube]

More on InSight: We’ve Seen Less Than One Percent of Mars. NASA’s New Lander Is Going To Change That.

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Here’s how to Watch NASA’s InSight Rover Land on Mars

Bill Gates: Wind and Solar Alone Can’t Fight Climate Change

During an interview with Axios, Bill Gates noted his concern that people focusing on renewables as the answer to climate change are missing the big picture.

Think Again

According to billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates, the world’s current approach to fighting climate change isn’t just ineffective — it’s downright dangerous.

On Sunday night, HBO aired the last episode of the four-part “Axios on HBO” documentary series. During the episode, Gates told Axios journalists Ina Fried and Amy Harder he believes too many people view renewables as the answer to Earth’s climate change woes — when in reality it’s only one piece of a complex solution.

According to Gates, this focus on solar and wind is “as dangerous” as the belief that we could solve the problem of climate change without making any trade-offs.

Pie in the Sky

As appropriate for Thanksgiving weekend, Gates had a pie analogy at the ready to describe the problem of climate change.

He told Axios he views the world’s sources of greenhouse gas emissions as a pie chart. His concern is that many people focus on just one slice of the pie — electricity — when they should be looking at the pie as a whole:

A lot of people think, OK, renewable energy, wind and solar, has gotten a lot cheaper, isn’t that it? Well, electricity is only a quarter of the problem. In fact, we’ve got to solve the entire 100 percent. You know, unless somebody has the pie in their mind that, OK, electricity’s 25 percent, agriculture’s 24 percent, transport’s 14 percent, unless they start with that, we’re not really talking about the same problem.


Ultimately, Gates believes people need to change far more than their electricity source if the world is going to have any hope of avoiding a climate catastrophe.

“You know, for example, if synthetic meat works, that actually is a pretty big deal,” he told Axios. “But that’s at an early stage. If electric cars become mainstream products, which they are not today, that’s also a little piece of the problem. But you need to make steel in new ways, you need to make fertilizer in new ways.”

READ MORE: Bill Gates’ New Crusade: Sounding the Climate-Change Alarm [Axios]

More on Bill Gates: Bill Gates and Richard Branson Invest in Lab-Grown Meat Startup

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Bill Gates: Wind and Solar Alone Can’t Fight Climate Change

Chinese Scientists Claim to Have Gene-Edited Human Babies For the First Time

A new gene-editing clinical trial, still shrouded in secrecy and surrounded by questions, allegedly resulted in living people with boosted HIV resistance.

Super Babies

For the first time, doctors have reportedly used gene-editing techniques to make a human embryo more resistant to HIV. And if those doctors are to be believed, one of those embryos developed into a pair of twin girls who are alive today.

In a clinical trial that’s still largely shrouded in mystery, a team of scientists led by He Jiankui of China’s Southern University of Science and Technology used CRISPR to alter the genome of human embryos, reports the MIT Technology Review. Specifically, they knocked out a gene called CCR5 that makes people susceptible to HIV, smallpox, and cholera.

Later, The Associated Press published claims that one of those embryos survived and resulted in a successful birth.

“Can” Versus “Should”

But scientists around the world still have tons of unanswered questions about this clinical trial, and it’s sure to be the talk of the Second International Summit On Human Genome Editing, set to begin Tuesday in Hong Kong.

The consensus in the field of gene editing is that any human trials, especially those that would result in living, breathing, gene-edited humans, must undergo thorough and transparent review by ethicists and other doctors — more or less the opposite of how this new, highly secretive experiment was handled. As a result, Jankui is now under investigation by the Chinese government, according to MIT Tech.

Secrecy aside, the decision to try to prevent HIV by altering an embryo is a highly controversial one — so much so that Feng Zhang, the scientist who first developed CRISPR, has called for a moratorium on altering human embryos in the wake of this news, MIT Tech reported in a separate story.

Now What?

Part of the problem comes from the fact that silencing the CCR5 gene does make people more resistant to HIV — a condition that medical developments have made easier to manage in recent years — but in turns makes those people more susceptible to West Nile Virus, a fact that Zhang mentioned in his official statement on the matter.

The consensus among biomedical ethicists and leaders in genetics research, according to BBC, seems to be that editing human embryos is an ethical minefield — which the team from the Southern University of Science and Technology marched straight through in their biggest boots.

READ MORE: EXCLUSIVE: Chinese scientists are creating CRISPR babies [MIT Technology Review]

More on CRISPR: New Test Predicts how Smart Babies Will be Before They’re Born

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Chinese Scientists Claim to Have Gene-Edited Human Babies For the First Time