It’s No Ancient Secret, a High-Tech Headband Can Help Train Your Brain to Meditate

Many people try to use meditation to do something to their brain. They want to quiet it, focus it, energize it, or zap some ideas into it. What some of those people don’t realize is that, while the end results of meditation can certainly do all those things to their brain, the first step in establishing a beneficial and long-term meditation practice is to start with an understanding of what is going on in that brain in the first place.

In the past, that wasn’t easy to do. To get a glimpse inside the brain, doctors have to use electroencephalography, also known as EEG technology, to get a graph of the different waves traveling through there at any given time. Most people either didn’t have the access, funds, or time to get hooked up to EEG sensors to see what’s happening inside their head. Alternatively, they might lack a medical reason to do so at all. Now, though, with new affordable wearable technology like the Muse headband, people are able to get a glimpse of their brainwaves – and also personalized, data-driven feedback that will guide them in training their brain.

Brain training is a more critical part of meditation than most people realize. As the billions of neurons in the human brain travel throughout the organ’s complex networks, they communicate with each other via small electrical currents that produce a synchronized movement known as a brainwave. Neuroscientists learned that by placing electrodes on a person’s scalp, in the process known as EEG, they can track and visualize those waves.

They’ve detected five main types of brainwaves, all occurring in different moments of consciousness. The slowest brain waves, delta waves, happen while you sleep – and are crucial for the rest and relaxation that your brain needs after working hard all day. At the other end of the spectrum are Gamma brainwaves, the fastest ones recorded by EEG. They are the waves considered the peak of physical or mental performance, the kind that occur when you feel like you’re “in the zone” at work, or have a sudden burst of inspiration.

While similarities exist between all human brains, scientists have recently begun to realize that the brainwaves of highly experienced meditation practitioners, such as Buddhist monks, are different than those of non-meditators. For most non-meditators, Gamma brainwaves happen infrequently, and often don’t last very long. But in experienced meditators, neuroscientists have observed that Gamma brainwaves are stronger and more regularly observed. Plus, they have more control over the ease at which they switch between waves. While non-meditators have to wait around for their “aha” moment to strike, it’s easier for long-term meditators to switch their brain into focus mode.

Many of those experienced and enlightened meditators got there through hours of brain study, practice, and guidance. That’s a great path for some, but one that most people don’t have the funds, time, or access to pursue. For those people, there is Muse. The sleek, portable headband uses seven small sensors to detect the brain’s electrical activity. Some wearable technology stops there – they simply clock how many steps you’ve taken that day, or how many hours of restful sleep you got. But Muse takes it one step further. In addition to clocking your brain’s activity, it uses a highly complex algorithm to deliver you real-time audio feedback during sessions and usable data metrics post-session to help you improve.

That real time feedback is the roadmap to establishing a meditation practice that can help minimize stress, focus the brain, and improve overall well being. The result is data-driven learning and real time feedback that doesn’t just give you the immediate benefits of a meditative session, but also the tools you need to train your brain to be more focused, rejuvenated, and mindful going forward.

Neuroscientists have already taken the highly portable product into to the field. Researchers from MIT and Harvard have used Muse to learn more about how the brain classifies pain, and researchers from British Columbia took Muse to Nepal to better understand the minds of Buddhist monks.

But the beauty of the product is that it’s not just for neuroscientists. As long as you have a smart device, a few moments, and a brain, you can use it anywhere at any time. And now, you can use it more affordably. As part of a Black Friday deal, you can get a Muse for just $159. It’s a deal so great that if it didn’t have everything to do with bettering your brain, it’d be called a no-brainer.

Futurism fans: To create this content, a non-editorial team worked with Muse, who sponsored this post. This post does not reflect the views or the endorsement of the Futurism.com editorial staff.

The post It’s No Ancient Secret, a High-Tech Headband Can Help Train Your Brain to Meditate appeared first on Futurism.

Read the original post:

It’s No Ancient Secret, a High-Tech Headband Can Help Train Your Brain to Meditate

Bill Gates: Wind and Solar Alone Can’t Fight Climate Change

During an interview with Axios, Bill Gates noted his concern that people focusing on renewables as the answer to climate change are missing the big picture.

Think Again

According to billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates, the world’s current approach to fighting climate change isn’t just ineffective — it’s downright dangerous.

On Sunday night, HBO aired the last episode of the four-part “Axios on HBO” documentary series. During the episode, Gates told Axios journalists Ina Fried and Amy Harder he believes too many people view renewables as the answer to Earth’s climate change woes — when in reality it’s only one piece of a complex solution.

According to Gates, this focus on solar and wind is “as dangerous” as the belief that we could solve the problem of climate change without making any trade-offs.

Pie in the Sky

As appropriate for Thanksgiving weekend, Gates had a pie analogy at the ready to describe the problem of climate change.

He told Axios he views the world’s sources of greenhouse gas emissions as a pie chart. His concern is that many people focus on just one slice of the pie — electricity — when they should be looking at the pie as a whole:

A lot of people think, OK, renewable energy, wind and solar, has gotten a lot cheaper, isn’t that it? Well, electricity is only a quarter of the problem. In fact, we’ve got to solve the entire 100 percent. You know, unless somebody has the pie in their mind that, OK, electricity’s 25 percent, agriculture’s 24 percent, transport’s 14 percent, unless they start with that, we’re not really talking about the same problem.

Ch-Ch-Changes

Ultimately, Gates believes people need to change far more than their electricity source if the world is going to have any hope of avoiding a climate catastrophe.

“You know, for example, if synthetic meat works, that actually is a pretty big deal,” he told Axios. “But that’s at an early stage. If electric cars become mainstream products, which they are not today, that’s also a little piece of the problem. But you need to make steel in new ways, you need to make fertilizer in new ways.”

READ MORE: Bill Gates’ New Crusade: Sounding the Climate-Change Alarm [Axios]

More on Bill Gates: Bill Gates and Richard Branson Invest in Lab-Grown Meat Startup

The post Bill Gates: Wind and Solar Alone Can’t Fight Climate Change appeared first on Futurism.

See the article here:

Bill Gates: Wind and Solar Alone Can’t Fight Climate Change

Chinese Scientists Claim to Have Gene-Edited Human Babies For the First Time

A new gene-editing clinical trial, still shrouded in secrecy and surrounded by questions, allegedly resulted in living people with boosted HIV resistance.

Super Babies

For the first time, doctors have reportedly used gene-editing techniques to make a human embryo more resistant to HIV. And if those doctors are to be believed, one of those embryos developed into a pair of twin girls who are alive today.

In a clinical trial that’s still largely shrouded in mystery, a team of scientists led by He Jiankui of China’s Southern University of Science and Technology used CRISPR to alter the genome of human embryos, reports the MIT Technology Review. Specifically, they knocked out a gene called CCR5 that makes people susceptible to HIV, smallpox, and cholera.

Later, The Associated Press published claims that one of those embryos survived and resulted in a successful birth.

“Can” Versus “Should”

But scientists around the world still have tons of unanswered questions about this clinical trial, and it’s sure to be the talk of the Second International Summit On Human Genome Editing, set to begin Tuesday in Hong Kong.

The consensus in the field of gene editing is that any human trials, especially those that would result in living, breathing, gene-edited humans, must undergo thorough and transparent review by ethicists and other doctors — more or less the opposite of how this new, highly secretive experiment was handled. As a result, Jankui is now under investigation by the Chinese government, according to MIT Tech.

Secrecy aside, the decision to try to prevent HIV by altering an embryo is a highly controversial one — so much so that Feng Zhang, the scientist who first developed CRISPR, has called for a moratorium on altering human embryos in the wake of this news, MIT Tech reported in a separate story.

Now What?

Part of the problem comes from the fact that silencing the CCR5 gene does make people more resistant to HIV — a condition that medical developments have made easier to manage in recent years — but in turns makes those people more susceptible to West Nile Virus, a fact that Zhang mentioned in his official statement on the matter.

The consensus among biomedical ethicists and leaders in genetics research, according to BBC, seems to be that editing human embryos is an ethical minefield — which the team from the Southern University of Science and Technology marched straight through in their biggest boots.

READ MORE: EXCLUSIVE: Chinese scientists are creating CRISPR babies [MIT Technology Review]

More on CRISPR: New Test Predicts how Smart Babies Will be Before They’re Born

The post Chinese Scientists Claim to Have Gene-Edited Human Babies For the First Time appeared first on Futurism.

View post:

Chinese Scientists Claim to Have Gene-Edited Human Babies For the First Time

A Lifetime of Security: The 3 Best Deals on Unlimited VPN Subscriptions

In a recent post, we discussed the many benefits of using a trusted, third-party virtual private network (VPN). You can watch basically anything on Netflix – even if it isn’t typically available in your country, use public wi-fi without worrying, and generally have a more secure browsing experience.

Sold on the idea yet? Well, here’s how you can get a lifetime VPN subscription for less than the normal yearly cost.

If you’re unfamiliar with the concept of a VPN, it’s basically a third-party server that encrypts your data and hides your personal information from hackers, advertisers, and even your own internet service provider (ISP). This encryption allows you to search the web securely from anywhere in the world, even on unsecured WiFi networks. A VPN also allows you to access geo-blocked content by hiding your true location.

The only real downside to using a trusted third-party VPN is the cost of the service. While they aren’t usually prohibitively expensive, a good VPN normally runs around $50 dollars a year. However, some companies are currently offering a lifetime VPN subscription for as low as $20. That’s right. You’ll pay less than half the normal cost of a yearly subscription for a product will last as long as you (or the company) exist.

So if you’re interested in safeguarding your online privacy without the monthly or yearly payments, check out these VPN deals.

VPN Unlimited: Lifetime Subscription

Unsplash

KeepSolid VPN offers strong encryption, an easy-to-use interface, servers in multiple countries, and much more. However, it is also currently offering a lifetime subscription on up to five devices for less than $40. That’s a savings of more than 90 percent from the normal lifetime subscription rate. So while there are many other VPN options to choose from, most can’t come close to matching this deal.

Windscribe VPN Lifetime Pro Subscription

Burst

Windscribe is more than a VPN. It’s a desktop application and browser extension that work in conjunction to protect your online privacy, unblock websites, and remove ads and trackers. Just turn on your desktop application, and you’ll never have to worry about confusing settings and option menus again. And while Windscribe might cost slightly more than the other options on this list, it also allows for unlimited, simultaneous device connections, which is basically unheard of among VPN providers. And of course, the company doesn’t log your data, and allows for anonymous sign-up.

VPNSecure: Lifetime Subscription

Burst

VPN Secure has many of the same features offered by the other providers on this list: encryption, a strict no-logging policy, geo-blocking/spoofing capabilities, etc. But it somehow manages to offer them all as part of a lifetime subscription for under $20. So for less that the cost of a full tank of gas, you can protect your online data for a lifetime.

Given the current state of internet security, there are very few legitimate reasons for not using a VPN. And given the ridiculously low price of these lifetime VPN subscriptions, cost is no longer one of them.

The post A Lifetime of Security: The 3 Best Deals on Unlimited VPN Subscriptions appeared first on Futurism.

Read more from the original source:

A Lifetime of Security: The 3 Best Deals on Unlimited VPN Subscriptions

Elon Musk Says There’s a 70 Percent Chance He’ll Move to Mars

During an interview with Axios, Elon Musk said he thinks there's a 70% chance he will go to Mars himself — and not just for a short visit.

It’s Personal

SpaceX CEO Elon Musk doesn’t just want to send people to Mars — he plans to travel to the Red Planet himself.

On Sunday night, HBO aired the latest episode of “Axios on HBO,” a four-part documentary series covering the latest in tech, science, and politics. During an interview with Musk, Axios‘s Mike Allen and Jim VandeHei asked the billionaire entrepreneur how likely he was to go to Mars himself. Musk’s reply: “70 percent.”

He’s not just planning to visit the planet, either — “I’m talking about moving there,” he told Allen and VandeHei.

The Ultimate Relocation

Musk attributes his willingness to travel to Mars to the progress SpaceX is making, noting that several breakthroughs have him really “fired up.”

During the interview, he also elaborated on the conditions he expects to face if he does make it to Mars, noting that life there would be anything but leisurely:

Your probability of dying on Mars is much higher than Earth… It’s gonna be hard, there’s a good chance of death, going in a little can through deep space. You might land successfully. Once you land successfully, you’ll be working nonstop to build the base. So, you know, not much time for leisure. And once you get there, even after doing all this, it’s a very harsh environment, so you, there’s a good chance you die there. We think you can come back, but we’re not sure.

Best of the Rest

Mars wasn’t the only topic Musk talked about during the Axios interview. He also discussed his neuroscience company, Neuralink, noting that its long-term goal is “to achieve a symbiosis with artificial intelligence,” which he asserts is an “existential threat” to humanity.

And of course, no Musk interview would be complete without mention of Tesla.

Musk told Axios the company was near-death as it ramped up production of the Model 3 earlier in 2018: “Essentially, the company was bleeding money like crazy, and if we didn’t solve these problems in a very short period of time, we would die. And it was extremely difficult to solve them.”

READ MORE: Elon Musk: There’s a 70% Chance That I Personally Go to Mars [Axios]

More on SpaceX and Mars: Elon Musk Just Changed the BFR’s Name for a Fourth Time

The post Elon Musk Says There’s a 70 Percent Chance He’ll Move to Mars appeared first on Futurism.

The rest is here:

Elon Musk Says There’s a 70 Percent Chance He’ll Move to Mars

Watch Out Tesla: Rivian’s Electric Truck Will Drop in 2020

Nuts for Trucks

As the electric car market heats up worldwide, more and more car manufacturers are closing in on a market dominated by prominent brands like Chevrolet, Nissan, and Tesla.

And it’s not just luxury sedans or dinky subcompacts that drivers will be charging at night. US-based automaker startup Rivian revealed a brand new plug-in pickup truck at the Los Angeles Auto Show today. The company is also expected to announce a similar SUV tomorrow, according to The Verge.

Need for Speed

The R1T pickup has some pretty incredible specs. It comes in three different battery capacities, the biggest of which offers an impressive range of 400 miles. And it’s fast, too: zero to 60 mph in just three seconds — that’s even faster than the Tesla Model 3 Performance’s 3.3 seconds. That’s thanks to four motors that provide 200 horsepower to each wheel, according to Rivian’s website. Top speed: 125 miles per hour.

It also boasts some pretty luxurious features: multiple massive touchscreen displays in the dashboard, three power outlets in the truck bed, and self-driving technology.

And, perhaps most importantly, it might beat Tesla’s “Blade Runner-style” pickup truck to market. Rivian has an ambitious timeline in mind, and wants to start selling first units in 2020. We have yet to hear from Tesla about an exact release date for its truck, but the specs will likely be pretty comparable.

Keep on Truckin’

Rivian is targeting an audience that loves to spend time outdoors or needs a reliable utility truck for work. That’s a steadfast market that prides itself on raw power, and performance.

Will these kind of specs win over enough contractors and construction workers? As Faraday Future’s recent demise goes to show, the electric car market is a sink-or-swim industry.

READ MORE: The all-electric Rivian R1T is a dream truck for adventurers [The Verge]

More on electric pickup trucks: Tesla Pickup Truck Will Be Straight Out of “Blade Runner”

The post Watch Out Tesla: Rivian’s Electric Truck Will Drop in 2020 appeared first on Futurism.

Read more here:

Watch Out Tesla: Rivian’s Electric Truck Will Drop in 2020

Scientists Are 3D Printing Fake Moon Dust Into Useful Objects

3D Printing on the Moon

Replacing parts on a lunar base could pose a major challenge, since resupplying missions will likely be massively expensive and time consuming.

That’s why a group of scientists led by the European Space Agency are exploring ways to 3D print anything from screws to coins using artificial lunar regolith — a simulation, essentially, of moon dust.

Easy Space Oven

The scientists partnered with Austrian company Lithoz to develop a 3D printing technology that first mixes the regolith with a special kind of glue that hardens when exposed to light. Then they 3D print it into a particular shape and bake it inside an oven — similarly to how ceramics are hardened inside a kiln.

“If one needs to print tools or machinery parts to replace broken parts on a lunar base, precision in the dimensions and shape of the printed items will be vital,” says Advenit Makya, an ESA engineer working on the project in an ESA blog post.

Fix-it-Yourself

It’s a work in progress, and the project has yet to find out if the 3D printed parts will actually be able to hold up to the stresses of lunar base life, according to Live Science.

But if we do find a way to 3D print objects using locally sourced materials, the possibilities are endless. The tech could make living on the Moon a whole lot easier — and maybe a tiny bit less reliant on the Earth.

READ MORE: European Researchers Baked Fake Moon Dust into Money and Screws [Live Science]

More on 3D printing on the moon: Here Are The Finalists For NASA’s Mars Habitat Design Competition

The post Scientists Are 3D Printing Fake Moon Dust Into Useful Objects appeared first on Futurism.

Link:

Scientists Are 3D Printing Fake Moon Dust Into Useful Objects

Scientists Want to Fight Climate Change by Dimming the Sun

To halt climate change, some scientists suggest geoengineering our own planet by releasing particles into the stratosphere that will deflect sunlight.

Sum of the Particles

The long-term outlook on climate change is bleak. Last month, a United Nations report found that the international community’s current efforts are unlikely to stave off catastrophic global fallout.

That gloomy consensus is driving some researchers to investigate moonshot solutions, including an idea so extreme that it has divided scientific community: geoengineering our own planet by releasing particles into the stratosphere that will deflect sunlight and prevent future warming.

Backup Plan

A new study by researchers from Harvard and Yale, published Friday in the journal Environmental Research Letters, found that building a fleet of high-altitude planes to release sunlight-blocking particles could cost just $2 or $3 billion per year — a drop in the bucket compared to the tens of trillions of dollars in climate-related damages the UN report predicted.

The report’s authors found that the effort could be pulled off by about 100 specially-designed aircraft, which would eventually make a total of about 60,000 flights per year. That’s not an enormous program, they wrote, but it is substantial enough that a rogue nation wouldn’t be able to pull off something comparable in secret.

Risky Business

Many scientists oppose geoengineering. They argue that it could have unintended consequences and that it treats the symptoms of climate changes instead of the causes.

But other researchers say it’s imperative to investigate the effects of programs like the sunlight-blocking particles before governments start their own geoengineering programs to fight climate change.

“Unfortunately, climate change is dire enough for us to have to consider drastic action,” University of Bristol Earth scientist Matthew Watson, who was not an author of the paper, told The Guardian. “Some argue against researching these ideas but personally I think that is a mistake. There may come a time, in a future not so far away, where it would be immoral not to intervene.”

The post Scientists Want to Fight Climate Change by Dimming the Sun appeared first on Futurism.

Excerpt from:

Scientists Want to Fight Climate Change by Dimming the Sun

Self-Driving Trucks Will Transport Limestone in a Norwegian Mine

Rock Carriers

An often-overlooked use for autonomous driving technology is in industrial applications, where raw materials have to be shipped from point A to point B.

In what automaker Volvo calls its “first commercial autonomous solution transporting limestone from an open pit mine to a nearby port,” six existing autonomous trucks will be upgraded with sophisticated tech, allowing them to deliver raw limestone to a crusher three miles away without any human interaction.

Enemy Mine

If anything does go wrong, it will be up to Volvo fix it — in fact, Volvo claims full responsibility of the transportation of goods. Otherwise it won’t get paid.

One big advantage: higher efficiency, as the self-driving trucks can operate during the day and night.

Truck Drivers

That also means fewer truck drivers on the payroll. We have yet to find out the effects of that shift on the economy. But it’s a trend that’s here to say — more and more driverless commercial trucks are planning to hit the road in the very near future, developed by autonomous driving juggernauts like Waymo.

Volvo’s mine trucks bring us yet another step closer to a future where pretty much any vehicle — self-driving taxis, and industrial trucks alike — can take care of driving without the intervention of humans.

READ MORE: Volvo’s self-driving trucks will haul limestone from a mine [Engadget]

More on autonomous trucks: Uber’s Autonomous Trucks Still Need a Human Touch

The post Self-Driving Trucks Will Transport Limestone in a Norwegian Mine appeared first on Futurism.

Continue reading here:

Self-Driving Trucks Will Transport Limestone in a Norwegian Mine

The World Reacts to the Success of NASA’s InSight Mars Lander

The successful landing of NASA's InSight probe on Mars set the internet ablaze Monday afternoon. Here's what the world had to say about the mission.

Final Destination

A six-month-long journey that could shape the future of humanity reached its nail-biting conclusion today.

On May 5th, NASA launched its InSight Mars lander from California’s Vanderberg Air Force Base. On Monday afternoon, following “seven minutes of terror,” the craft reached its final destination — Elysium Planitia, a flat plain near the Red Planet’s equator — where it will now spend the next two years conducting scientific research focused on the planet’s interior.

Everybody’s Talking

InSight’s efforts have the potential to teach us valuable information about the formation of rocky planets in our solar system. They could also inform our plans to one day visit, and perhaps colonize, the Red Planet.

No surprise, then, that the success of the landing set the internet ablaze. Here’s what notable experts, organizations, and politicians had to say about InSight’s triumphant touchdown.

Image Credit: Twitter
Image Credit: Twitter
Image Credit: Twitter
Image Credit: Twitter
Image Credit: Twitter
Image Credit: Twitter
Image Credit: Twitter

There's something in my eye. #MarsLanding

— Adam Savage (@donttrythis) November 26, 2018

READ MORE: Video Shows What Should Happen During the InSight Mars Landing Today [Inverse]

More on InSight: Breaking: NASA’s InSight Lander Just Landed on Mars

The post The World Reacts to the Success of NASA’s InSight Mars Lander appeared first on Futurism.

Read more here:

The World Reacts to the Success of NASA’s InSight Mars Lander

Breaking: NASA’s InSight Lander Just Landed on Mars

Mission Accomplished

It took six and a half long months of space travel to reach the Martian surface, but NASA’s InSight Mars Lander has finally made it.

The robotic lander had to cover some 300 million miles (483 million km) to get there after it was launched aboard an Atlas V rocket from the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California on May 5.

A Treacherous Journey

We don’t have to tell you that landing on the Red Planet is not an easy feat: in fact, as Space.com points out, half of all Mars missions have failed to arrive safely in the past.

It’s a treacherous landing. InSight reached a breakneck speed of 12,000 miles per hour before slowing to just five miles per hour as it touched down with the help of a supersonic parachute and an array of small thrusters.

Destination: the Elysium Planitia plain — a large, mostly flat surface that straddles the equator, close to some of the largest volcanic regions on Mars.

Pulse of the Planet

The InSight team is planning to glean data about Mars’ ancient history. To do so, it’s outfitted with:

  • seismometer to map the Martian interior (and activity)
  • heat probe that will measure the heat coming from deep below the Martian surface
  • A special radio will try to glean how much Mars wobbles on its own axis as it orbits the sun

And Now We Wait

There’s still one more big hurdle to overcome: the lander has yet to unfurl its solar panel array to power the instruments on board. We’re expecting to know if the lander did so successfully in a few hours.

Then we’ll have to wait until InSight actually deploys all its instruments — and finally starts sending some long-awaited data back to Earth.

READ MORE: NASA’s InSight Mars Lander Reaches Mars Today! Here’s What to Expect [Space.com]

More on the InSight lander: NASA’s InSight Mars Lander to Investigate Inside the Red Planet

The post Breaking: NASA’s InSight Lander Just Landed on Mars appeared first on Futurism.

More:

Breaking: NASA’s InSight Lander Just Landed on Mars

Here’s how to Watch NASA’s InSight Rover Land on Mars

NASA's InSight rover will land on Mars one way or another on Monday. Here's how you can tune in and watch how it goes down.

Welcome Wagon

NASA’s newest rover, InSight, is set to land on the surface of Mars around 11:00 AM PST on Monday. And in spite of NASA’s spotty track record with Mars landings, experts expect for InSight to touch down and get to work on several years’ worth of scheduled scientific research.

We at Futurism will be watching NASA’s live stream of the event, and you can do the same below. The actual landing will happen shortly after this article goes live, but it will still take three hours after the landing for NASA scientists to confirm that the rover is fully operational.

New Kid on the Block

Recently, we’ve mourned NASA’s Curiosity rover, which spent 14 years exploring the red planet before finally crapping out in October. Then there’s the Kepler Space Telescope, which ran out of fuel and was decommissioned last month.

While we deeply miss these lost scientific instruments, InSight could usher in a new era of Mars exploration and research, probing beneath the planet’s surface and letting us learn more about our planetary neighbor than we ever could — if it survives the perilous landing.

We’ll be watching with our fingers crossed, hoping that it goes well.

Read more: NASA Live: Official Stream of NASA TV [YouTube]

More on InSight: We’ve Seen Less Than One Percent of Mars. NASA’s New Lander Is Going To Change That.

The post Here’s how to Watch NASA’s InSight Rover Land on Mars appeared first on Futurism.

Original post:

Here’s how to Watch NASA’s InSight Rover Land on Mars

UC San Diego NanoEngineering Department

The NanoEngineering program has received accreditation by the Accreditation Commission of ABET, the global accreditor of college and university programs in applied and natural science, computing, engineering and engineering technology. UC San Diego’s NanoEngineering program is the first of its kind in the nation to receive this accreditation. Our NanoEngineering students can feel confident that their education meets global standards and that they will be prepared to enter the workforce worldwide.

ABET accreditation assures that programs meet standards to produce graduates ready to enter critical technical fields that are leading the way in innovation and emerging technologies, and anticipating the welfare and safety needs of the public. Please visit the ABET website for more information on why accreditation matters.

Congratulations to the NanoEngineering department and students!

Go here to see the original:

UC San Diego NanoEngineering Department

Nanoengineering – Wikipedia

Nanoengineering is the practice of engineering on the nanoscale. It derives its name from the nanometre, a unit of measurement equalling one billionth of a meter.

Nanoengineering is largely a synonym for nanotechnology, but emphasizes the engineering rather than the pure science aspects of the field.

The first nanoengineering program was started at the University of Toronto within the Engineering Science program as one of the options of study in the final years. In 2003, the Lund Institute of Technology started a program in Nanoengineering. In 2004, the College of Nanoscale Science and Engineering at SUNY Polytechnic Institute was established on the campus of the University at Albany. In 2005, the University of Waterloo established a unique program which offers a full degree in Nanotechnology Engineering. [1] Louisiana Tech University started the first program in the U.S. in 2005. In 2006 the University of Duisburg-Essen started a Bachelor and a Master program NanoEngineering. [2] Unlike early NanoEngineering programs, the first Nanoengineering Department in the world, offering both undergraduate and graduate degrees, was established by the University of California, San Diego in 2007.In 2009, the University of Toronto began offering all Options of study in Engineering Science as degrees, bringing the second nanoengineering degree to Canada. Rice University established in 2016 a Department of Materials Science and NanoEngineering (MSNE).DTU Nanotech – the Department of Micro- and Nanotechnology – is a department at the Technical University of Denmark established in 1990.

In 2013, Wayne State University began offering a Nanoengineering Undergraduate Certificate Program, which is funded by a Nanoengineering Undergraduate Education (NUE) grant from the National Science Foundation. The primary goal is to offer specialized undergraduate training in nanotechnology. Other goals are: 1) to teach emerging technologies at the undergraduate level, 2) to train a new adaptive workforce, and 3) to retrain working engineers and professionals.[3]

See the original post:

Nanoengineering – Wikipedia

Undergraduate Degree Programs | NanoEngineering

The Department of NanoEngineering offers undergraduate programs leading to theB.S. degreesinNanoengineeringandChemical Engineering. The Chemical Engineering and NanoEngineering undergraduate programs areaccredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET. The undergraduate degree programs focus on integrating the various sciences and engineering disciplines necessary for successful careers in the evolving nanotechnology industry.These two degree programshave very different requirements and are described in separate sections.

B.S. NanoEngineering

TheNanoEngineering Undergraduate Program became effective Fall 2010.Thismajor focuses on nanoscale science, engineering, and technology that have the potential to make valuable advances in different areas that include, to name a few, new materials, biology and medicine, energy conversion, sensors, and environmental remediation. The program includes affiliated faculty from the Department of NanoEngineering, Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, and the Department of Bioengineering. The NanoEngineering undergraduate program is tailored to provide breadth and flexibility by taking advantage of the strength of basic sciences and other engineering disciplines at UC San Diego. The intention is to graduate nanoengineers who are multidisciplinary and can work in a broad spectrum of industries.

B.S. Chemical Engineering

The Chemical Engineering undergraduate program is housed within the NanoEngineering Department. The program is made up of faculty from the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, the Department of Bioengineering and the Department of NanoEngineering. The curricula at both the undergraduate and graduate levels are designed to support and foster chemical engineering as a profession that interfaces engineering and all aspects of basic sciences (physics, chemistry, and biology). As of Fall 2008, the Department of NanoEngineering has taken over the administration of the B.S. degree in Chemical Engineering.

Academic Advising

Upon admission to the major, students should consult the catalog or NanoEngineering website for their program of study, and their undergraduate/graduate advisor if they have questions. Because some course and/or curricular changes may be made every year, it is imperative that students consult with the departments student affairs advisors on an annual basis.

Students can meet with the academic advisors during walk-in hours, schedule an appointment, or send messages through the Virtual Advising Center (VAC).

Program Alterations/Exceptions to Requirements

Variations from or exceptions to any program or course requirements are possible only if the Undergraduate Affairs Committee approves a petition before the courses in question are taken.

Independent Study

Students may take NANO 199 or CENG 199, Independent Study for Undergraduates, under the guidance of a NANO or CENG faculty member. This course is taken as an elective on a P/NP basis. Under very restrictive conditions, however, it may be used to satisfy upper-division Technical Elective or Nanoengineering Elective course requirements for the major. Students interested in this alternative must have completed at least 90 units and earned a UCSD cumulative GPA of 3.0 or better. Eligible students must identify a faculty member with whom they wish to work and propose a two-quarter research or study topic. Please visit the Student Affairs office for more information.

See the original post:

Undergraduate Degree Programs | NanoEngineering

NanoEngineering | NanoEngineering

The Department of NanoEngineering (NE) now offers the M.S. and Ph.D. degree in NanoEngineering with a new, unique curriculum centered on our strong research position in nano-biomedical engineering and nanomaterials synthesis and characterization activities. The NanoEngineering Graduate Program provides a course of study for both the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees, with a focus on underlying scientific, technical and engineering challenges for advancing nanotechnology in the controlled synthesis of nanostructured materials, especially for biomedical, energy, and environmentally-related technologies. Our graduate degree program is uniquely designed to educate students with a highly interdisciplinary curriculum, focusing on core scientific fundamentals, but extending the application of that fundamental understanding to complex problems requiring the ability to integrate across traditional science and engineering boundaries. Specific courses in our core cluster address both the fundamental science and the integration of this science into engineering problem solving. Three main educational paths within the single degree title NanoEngineering are proposed:

The new NE curriculum has the following objectives:

In NanoEngineering, we design and manufacture devices and systems that exploit the unique properties of nanoscale materials to create entirely new functionality and capabilities. Due to the scale of engineering involved, the field of NanoEngineering is inherently interdisciplinary that often utilizes biochemical processes to create nanoscale materials designed to interact with synthetic inorganic materials. The curriculum is built to address the educational needs of this new engineering field.

The rest is here:

NanoEngineering | NanoEngineering

What does a Nanotechnology Engineer do? – Sokanu

A nanotechnology engineer seeks to learn new things that can change the face of health, science, technology, and the environment on a molecular level. They test for pollutants, create powders to enrich our foods and medicines, and study the smallest fragments of DNA. They can even manipulate cells, proteins, and other chemicals from within the body.

Nanotechnology engineers take advanced supplies and materials and turn them into something new and exciting. They may try to make a once heavy invention work better while weighing less, making the object far more efficient. They may also create new and improved ways of watching out and improving the environment by creating innovative ways to test for contaminants and pollutants in the air, ground, and water.

Nanotechnology engineers may also choose to work in the medical field creating new gadgets that can fix problems on a scale as small as the molecular level, thus changing the face of medicine forever. Those involved with bio-systems will create ways to store the tiniest amounts of DNA or other biological fragments for testing and manipulation.

Nanotechnology engineers that work with nanoelectronics will create smaller, more efficient chips, cards, and even smaller computer parts to make products that can do as much as bigger products without so much electronic waste.

Behind the scenes, these engineers must be good at paperwork and detailed description writing. They are responsible for writing extremely detailed reports describing their findings in their specific experiments.

View post:

What does a Nanotechnology Engineer do? – Sokanu

What is Nanotechnology? | Nano

Nanotechnology is science, engineering, and technologyconductedat the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers.

Physicist Richard Feynman, the father of nanotechnology.

Nanoscience and nanotechnology are the study and application of extremely small things and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering.

The ideas and concepts behind nanoscience and nanotechnology started with a talk entitled Theres Plenty of Room at the Bottom by physicist Richard Feynman at an American Physical Society meeting at the California Institute of Technology (CalTech) on December 29, 1959, long before the term nanotechnology was used. In his talk, Feynman described a process in which scientists would be able to manipulate and control individual atoms and molecules. Over a decade later, in his explorations of ultraprecision machining, Professor Norio Taniguchi coined the term nanotechnology. It wasn’t until 1981, with the development of the scanning tunneling microscope that could “see” individual atoms, that modern nanotechnology began.

Its hard to imagine just how small nanotechnology is. One nanometer is a billionth of a meter, or 10-9 of a meter. Here are a few illustrative examples:

Nanoscience and nanotechnology involve the ability to see and to control individual atoms and molecules. Everything on Earth is made up of atomsthe food we eat, the clothes we wear, the buildings and houses we live in, and our own bodies.

But something as small as an atom is impossible to see with the naked eye. In fact, its impossible to see with the microscopes typically used in a high school science classes. The microscopes needed to see things at the nanoscale were invented relatively recentlyabout 30 years ago.

Once scientists had the right tools, such as thescanning tunneling microscope (STM)and the atomic force microscope (AFM), the age of nanotechnology was born.

Although modern nanoscience and nanotechnology are quite new, nanoscale materialswereused for centuries. Alternate-sized gold and silver particles created colors in the stained glass windows of medieval churches hundreds of years ago. The artists back then just didnt know that the process they used to create these beautiful works of art actually led to changes in the composition of the materials they were working with.

Today’s scientists andengineers are finding a wide variety of ways to deliberatelymake materials at the nanoscale to take advantage of their enhanced properties such as higher strength, lighter weight,increased control oflight spectrum, and greater chemical reactivity than theirlarger-scale counterparts.

Original post:

What is Nanotechnology? | Nano

The NANO-ENGINEERING FLAGSHIP initiative

Nano-Engineering introduces a novel key-enabling non-invasive broadband technology, the Nano-engineered Interface (NaI), realising omni -connectivity and putting humans and their interactions at the center of the future digital society.Omni-connectivity encompasses real-time communication, sensing, monitoring, and data processing among humans, objects, and their environment. The vision of Omni-connectivity englobes people in a new sphere of extremely simplified, intuitive and natural communication.The Nano-engineered Interface (NaI) a non-invasive wireless ultraflat functional system will make this possible. NaI will be applicable to any surface on any physical item and thereby exponentially diversify and increase connections among humans, wearables, vehicles, and everyday objects. NaI will communicate with other NaI-networks from local up to satellites by using the whole frequency spectrum from microwave frequency to optics

Link:

The NANO-ENGINEERING FLAGSHIP initiative

Nano-Engineering | CBE

Professors Chang, Cohen, Christofides, Lu, Monbouquette, and Sautet

Research on surface chemistry and physics is the foundation for discovery of surface-engineered materials that have applications in the fields of separations, sensing, and semiconductors. Faculty in the Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering Department at UCLA work in the areas of macromolecular and nano-surface engineering to develop more efficient and selective membranes and sorption resins, design new molecular chemical sensors, synthesize biocompatible surfaces, and manipulate heterogeneous surface processes at the atomic scale.

Molecular modeling and experimental investigations are geared towards understanding the structure of silylated and graft-polymerized surfaces (e.g., topology, conformation and distribution) and devising physical and chemical methods (e.g., graft polymerization and self-assembly) to control surface properties. Recent major accomplishments in this area are patented ceramic-polymer composite membranes (Cohen Group). This membrane, with a nano-structured separation layer, has proven effective in protein ultrafiltration and pervaporation separation of organic-organic and organic-aqueous mixtures.

AFM Image of silicon wafer surface modified by graft polymerization of poly(vinyl acetate)

Molecular engineering of innovative, self-assembling systems that mimic biological systems is researched to solve technological problems. For example, an approach that magnetobacteria use has been harnessed to produce the magnetite particles needed for magnetotaxis in the synthesis of semiconductor nanoparticles (Monbouquette Group). Size monodisperse, 100-nm-diameter phospholipid vesicles serve as compartments for synthesis of

Membrane Separation Technology

Professor Nobe also focuses on investigating physical properties of electrodeposited quantum dots, nanomagnets, nanowires (10 to 400 nm diam. with aspect ratios up to 18,000), nanostructured multilayers, and metal oxide and conducting polymer supercapacitors. The figure shows an example of an electrochemical nano system (ENS) where cobalt nanowires were electrodeposited from anodized alumina templates.

Electrodeposited cobalt nanowires (200 nm diam., 60 mm long) from anodized alumina.

Molecular engineering of innovative systems that mimic biological systems is researched to solve technological problems. Since the direct manipulation of individual molecules presents obvious technological difficulties, much of the research has focused on self-assembling systems. For example, Professor Monbouquettes group has borrowed an approach that magnetobacteria use to produce the magnetite particles needed for magnetotaxis in the synthesis of semiconductor nanoparticles. Size monodisperse, 100-nm-diameter phospholipid vesicles serve as compartments for synthesis of

Electrophoretically mobile, photocatalytic CdS 2dots draw trails of reacted ligands on an atomically smooth substrate.

Atomic layer deposition (ALD) to engineer nanometer thin films and nanolaminates with atomic resolution and controllability is also being studied (Chang Group). Highly uniform, conformal, and stoichiometric films can be easily synthesized, for example, nanolaminates can be formed through the use of multiple chemical precursors in alternating reaction sequences. ALD has been used to deposit metals, metal oxides, metal nitrides, semiconductors, transparent conductive oxides, and ferroelectric materials, with potential applications in microelectronics, membrane, sensor, bioceramic, and catalysis.

ALD Graph thin films 5ALD Graph thin films 6ALD Graph thin films

Professor Hicks group has developed a method of simulating reactions on compound semiconductor surfaces using molecular cluster calculations with density functional theory. Using this method, a cluster model for a gallium arsenide surface has been developed, which identified all the reaction sites on the surface as being an arsenic dimer and two second-layer gallium atoms. Each arsenic dangling bond is filled with a pair of electrons, while each gallium dangling bond is empty, in excellent agreement with experimental observations. The most exciting result from this work is the prediction of the vibrational frequencies of the optimized clusters and their excellent comparison with infrared data. This unique capability allows a definitive assignment of the observed vibrational bands to specific adsorption sites. This method is currently being applied to the study of surface reaction mechanisms for organometallic precursors.

Read the original:

Nano-Engineering | CBE