MGTO and IPIM to join forces in MICE promotion as Macau recovery begins: Senna Fernandes – Inside Asian Gaming

The inclusion of the Macao Government Tourism Office (MGTO) in the Macau SAR governments economy and finance portfolio will trigger a collaboration with the Macao Trade and Investment Promotion Institute (IPIM) to promote MICE together and get MICE business to Macau, said MGTO Director Maria Helena de Senna Fernandes on Wednesday.

Everybody is looking at the MICE market very differently now. There are new protocols and we have various MICE associations in Macau coming up with new ideas as to how they should keep events safe.

Speaking at a France Macau Chamber of Commerce breakfast, Senna Fernandes noted that the MICE sector would be among those hardest hit by COVID-19 with a slow recovery expected starting locally, gradually expanding to mainland China and eventually targeting global markets again.

Likewise, the MGTO which is in the process of moving from Macaus social and cultural affairs portfolio is revisiting its Macao Tourism Industry Development Master Plan post-COVID, Senna Fernandes said, and will need to sit together with tourism operators to look at how we should do business in the future and what sort of other contemplation they would like us to take into consideration going forward, as the China market will also behave a little bit differently than before.

Despite the setbacks of 2020, the MGTO boss did seem to hint at an imminent return for the long-awaited Individual Visit Scheme following a further relaxing of border restrictions between Macau and Guangdong province this week.

Two weeks after Guangdong opened the doors for arrivals from Macau to return to any of nine cities within its borders, officials have now given the green light for residents and approved visitors to access the entire province.

The MGTO is preparing for a very big campaign in China to get back visitors and chipping in with very big offers for them as well, Senna Fernandes said.

There seems to be very, very good signs coming out, and we hope to be able to have some more good news soon.

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MGTO and IPIM to join forces in MICE promotion as Macau recovery begins: Senna Fernandes - Inside Asian Gaming

The Other Hundred project features the pandemic’s unsung heroes – Macau News

The elderly in nursing homes is one of the most vulnerable groups, especially in this pandemic. Also at risk are its staff, such as Louis Mary Sesu Ratnam, an Indian Catholic nun in her 60s who spends her time helping others at Macaos Caritas Santa Maria Home in the St Lazarus district. Caregivers are essential, especially at these times, she says.

Gonalo Lobo Pinheiro, a Portuguese-born photojournalist based in Macao documented Ratnam and her work for his entry in The Other Hundred project, an annual photography initiative that celebrates unsung heroes around the world.

This year, the non-profit project is honouring those who have helped others heal during this pandemic be it hospital frontliners, volunteers or individual acts of kindness.

Older people are a risk group in this pandemic and I thought the story would be interesting, says Pinheiro by email to South China Morning Post.

Louis Mary Sesu Ratnam is the most visible face of a series of caregivers who care for women, he continues, adding that more than 50 women live at the facility, many dependent on carers. I believe the oldest woman is 107 years old.

Founder of The Other Hundred, Hong Kong-based Chandran Nair says lockdown has made capturing moments of healing more challenging and more important than ever, according to South China Morning Post.

Early in the global reaction to COVID-19, frontline health care workers were rightly lauded for facing this common enemy and in the process, sometimes paying the ultimate price for their acts of service, Nair says.

But as nations faced lockdown and entire communities withdrew to their homes, it became clear that there were other acts of service, courage and healing being performed on a daily basis by innumerable people: the unsung heroes who contribute to healing the very societies of which they are a part, during a time of deep social trauma.

And this is where the beauty lies these moments of healing happen not only through direct medical care, but through the compassion expressed by delivery workers, truck drivers, cleaners, waste collectors, food sellers, volunteers, teachers, supermarket staff, government workers, community heads, village chiefs, therapists and practitioners of alternative methods of wellness.

Other submissions include works from Bangladeshi photographer Mohammad Rakibul Hasan, who turned his lens on transgender couple Toma and Tuktuki as they raise awareness of COVID-19 among Dhakas transgender community, and Delhi-based photographer Javed Sultans series on Doctors on Call, a group of young Indian doctors who provide services to those unable to access medical advice due to the lockdown.

A photo series by Annice Lyn follows Heidy Quah, founder of Refuge for the Refugees, a non-profit organisation that distributes food aid packs among refugee families, migrant workers and low-income citizens in Malaysia.

Through perseverance of our team and the photographers who are our eyes and ears on the ground, we are determined to build a portfolio that represents this moment in human history in a positive light to remember not just the deaths, but the lives of people pulling together despite the ugliness of the state of the world, during an event that no one has experienced before, says Nair.

Submissions for The Other Hundred close on 14 August and the chosen 100 from this years initiative will be released in digital format.

(South China Morning Post/Macau News)PHOTO South China Morning Post/Gonalo Lobo Pinheiro

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The Other Hundred project features the pandemic's unsung heroes - Macau News

Government to ban import of foam food containers in 2021 – Macau News

Bidding for kitchen waste treatment plant next year

Environmental Protection Bureau (DSPA) Director Raymond Tam Vai Man said on Thursday that the government will ban the use of single-use plastics in phases, including a ban on the import of foam food containers from next year.

Tam made the remarks during a plenary session in the legislatures hemicycle where senior officials replied to oral interpellation from lawmakers on various topics.

Meanwhile, Tam also said that the government aimed to invite bids for the construction of a kitchen waste processing plant in Cotai next year.

Tam pointed out that kitchen waste currently accounts for 40 per cent of the citys domestic refuse daily, and the percentage of kitchen waste in relation to all domestic refuse generated daily in commercial premises is even higher than in residential buildings. Tam said that the government began in 2017 to plan to build a central kitchen waste processing plant next to the citys only construction waste landfill in east Cotai.

Tam said that the design and the environmental assessment of the planned kitchen waste plant have almost been completed. Tam said that the government expected the first phase of the kitchen waste plant to be able to process 200 tonnes of kitchen waste daily. Tam also said that a grease treatment plant will be built next to the kitchen waste processing plant.

Too much sea sludge: Rosrio

Meanwhile, Secretary for Transport and Public Works Raimundo do Rosrio said during Thursdays plenum that the amount of sea sludge generated in the city and dumped in the construction waste landfill daily has significantly increased due to the ongoing Cotai hospital complex project officially known as Cotai Health Complex and various private projects. Rosrio said that some amount of sea sludge in the landfill slid towards the airport, which he characterised as a worrying situation.

Rosrio said that therefore the government had decided to suspend the disposal of sea sludge for one week until it completes processing the newly accumulated sea sludge there.

The current landfill for construction waste, the citys only one, has been in operation since 2006. The dump at the east end of Cotai was already overflowing a few years ago, and government officials have warned that the landfill is facing the risk of collapsing. The government launched a project to expand the capacity of the landfill which is located near the airport and the Light Rail Transit (LRT) depot last year.

Facility to sort construction waste

Tam said that the government will build a facility on the construction waste landfill to be used for sorting construction waste. Tam pointed out that on average 1,200 tonnes of construction waste is dumped in the landfill daily, adding that the government expects the future facility to sort out 300 tonnes of flammable construction waste per day, which will then transported to the citys incinerator in Pac On, with the aim of relieving the pressure on the landfill.

Tam also pointed out that the government has set up a facility on the construction waste landfill for refurbishing discarded furniture. Tam said that workers will refurbish the pieces of old furniture that are still in good condition and deliver them to charity associations and the Environmental Protection Bureau to be used again. Tam also said that his bureau would ask other government entities in the future to consider using the refurbished furniture from the facility.

No more residential project in northern district: Rosrio

Meanwhile, Rosrio also said during Thursdays plenum that the government does not intend to approve any new residential projects in the peninsulas northern district (known in Cantonese as bak keoi) as the population density there already stands at 160,000 people per square kilometre adding that the government has not approved any new residential projects in the area in recent years.

Meanwhile, Rosrio also apologised for the incident in which the LRT operator only announced an incident 12 hours after its occurrence early this month, adding that he himself was dissatisfied with the operators late announcement.

(The Macau Post Daily/Macau News)PHOTO DSPA

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Chinese Gov’t refutes suspicions that fugitive Jho Low is hiding in Macau – Macau Business

[Updated to include a statement by the Macau Office of the Secretary for Security on the case]

The Chinese Embassy in Kuala Lumpur has refuted statements by Malaysian police authorities that fugitive financier JhoLowishidinginMacau, news agency Reuters reported.

Low is being hunted by Malaysian authorities over his role in the theft of billions looted from sovereign wealth fund 1Malaysia Development Berhad (1MDB), with Malaysian police chief Abdul Hamid Bador alleging on Wednesday that he was hiding in the Macau SAR.

He is there with all the filthy money, Malaysian police chief Abdul Hamid Bador stated to AFP in a text message.

Asked why he had chosen to revealLows location now, the police chief said allegations had been made that officers were purposely slowing down on the effort to bring him to justice.

In a statement Chinese authorities rejected the accusations as groundless and unacceptable and that the position of the Chinese government on combating crime is consistent and clear-cut

China does not and will never shelter foreign criminals, the embassy indicated in the statement Reuters reported

The embassy added that China would continue to give support and assistance to Malaysia in its investigations.

Macau authorities said in 2018 they had received a request through INTERPOL from the Malaysian government but denied he was in the SAR, with the local Judiciary Police having indicated to Macau News Agency that no request had been sent since then by the Southeast Asian countrys authorities.

In a statement today the Office of the Secretary of Security Wong Sio Chak also refuted the statements by Malaysian authorities.

The Malaysian Police, contrary to the rules and practices in the scope of international police cooperation, unilaterally disclosed that [Jho Low] is in Macau, information that does not correspond to the truth, the Office indicated.

Charged in both Malaysia and the United States over the 1MDB scandal,Lowhas been accused by Najibs lawyers of being the mastermind behind the scam and tricking the former premier.

Najib, who founded 1MDB, was on Tuesday sentenced to 12 years in jail and fined almost US$50 million on corruption charges relating to the scandal, which contributed to the downfall of his government in 2018.

The former leader is still to face the conclusion of a second trial that began in August last year centred on allegations he illicitly obtained more than US$500 million.

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Chinese Gov't refutes suspicions that fugitive Jho Low is hiding in Macau - Macau Business

British PM Boris Johnson hands brother top honour – Macau Business

British Prime Minister Boris Johnson on Friday gave his brother Jo a former junior minister who quit over his elder siblings approach to leaving the European Union a top honour with a seat in the upper House of Lords.

Former premier Theresa Mays husband Philip will also receive a knighthood for political service, the government said, as it unveiled a list of 36 nominations.

The former House of Commons speaker John Bercow, who repeatedly tried to foil the governments Brexit plans, however, was denied a seat in the upper house.

He is the first former speaker in over two centuries not to receive the honour.

Other notable new lords include the Russian-born British newspaper owner Evgeny Lebedev and the Brexit-supporting cricketer Ian Botham.

But the nominations drew scorn from Johnsons political foes.

He has displayed the worst kind of cronyism by giving jobs for life to friends and those who have done him favours, opposition Scottish National Party lawmaker Pete Wishart said.

Brexit supporters accused Bercow of creating voting obstacles in the year it took bickering lawmakers to finally ratify Britains divorce deal with the EU.

A 2018 report also accused Bercow of presiding over a culture in which bullying, harassment and sexual harassment have been able to thrive in parliament. He denied the allegations.

But he also enjoyed his fair share of successes.

His bellows of Order! Order! during the Brexit saga went viral and made him briefly into an international media star.

Bercow published a candid autobiography and joined the lucrative lecture circuit after stepping down in October.

The House of Lords will now comprise more than 800 members because peers are allowed to resign or retire but are otherwise expected to serve for life.

This list of new peers marks a lost opportunity to reduce numbers in the House of Lords, House of Lords speaker Peter Fowler said.

Fowlers office had recommended cutting the chamber down to 600 members tops.


British PM Boris Johnson hands brother top honour - Macau Business

Recovered from virus, Bolsonaro says nothing to fear – Macau Business

Fresh off a bout of COVID-19, President Jair Bolsonaro said Friday nearly everyone will probably end up catching the new coronavirus, urging Brazilians to face up to it and saying there was nothing to fear.

The far-right leaders latest bid to downplay the pandemic came as Brazil closed in on the grim milestone of 100,000 people killed by the virus, the second-highest death toll in the world, after the United States.

Bolsonaro, who is just coming off three weeks in quarantine with a case of the virus, pointed to his own case as an example.

Im in the high-risk group, the 65-year-old president told journalists during a visit to the southern state of Rio Grande do Sul.

I knew I was going to catch it someday, as I think unfortunately nearly everyone here is going to catch it eventually. What are you afraid of? Face up to it, he said.

I regret the deaths. But people die every day, from lots of things. Thats life.

Bolsonaro has faced criticism for his handling of the pandemic as it has surged in Brazil, the country with the second-highest number of cases and deaths in the world: more than 2.6 million and 92,000, respectively.

Bolsonaro, who has compared the virus to a little flu, has fought stay-at-home measures to contain it and regularly flouted social distancing guidelines, hitting the streets of Brasilia to exchange handshakes and hugs with supporters.

He tested positive for the virus on July 7 after coming down with a fever, and spent three weeks in isolation at the presidential palace.

On Thursday, in his first public event since his illness, he greeted a crowd of supporters in the northeastern state of Piaui, removing his face mask to loud cheers.

The same day, the presidents office announced his wife had tested positive for the virus.

Bolsonaro later revealed he was again feeling poorly and was taking antibiotics for an infection that he called moldy lungs caused by inactivity during his quarantine.

Bolsonaro argues stay-at-home measures are needlessly hurting the economy.

He is instead pushing the drug hydroxychloroquine as a treatment for the virus, and took it himself when he was infected, despite numerous studies finding it has no benefit against COVID-19.

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Recovered from virus, Bolsonaro says nothing to fear - Macau Business

Hengqin, the second Macau | Crossroads of Macau tourism – Macau Business

Even though the difficulties are still noticeable, ties between Macau and Hengqin are tightening, driven by the current Chief Executive who sees the future of economic diversification over there, a stones throw away.

MB July 2020 Special Report | CrossroadsofMacautourism

Lets say someone picks up this special report 20 years from now.

He will probably laugh at some of the things that are said here, but there is (at least ) one in which we are sure that this will not happen: the bet on Hengqin will be increasingly strategic and, step by step, the two locations will discover the benefits of a common future.

Why 20 years?

Because it will take a long time before the relationship is sufficiently oiled so that it is not noticed, at each step taken, that there are two legal systems, a duplication of services or, to give a very objective example, differences in internet access on each side of the river.

It will take time, finally, to assume once and for all that Macau is not in a position, on its own, to develop a project for economic and tourist diversification, needing space to create, for example, theme parks as happens with Hengqin.

In this context, the current Executive Chief has already made a difference.

In his first Policy Address, Ho Iat Seng said that the solution for the diversification of Macaus economy lies in taking advantage of the opportunities that are emerging on Hengqin Island, within the scope of the regional integration plan in the Great Bay Area.

According to the Chief Executive, diversifying the economy is the path that Macau must follow, which lacks persistence, an innovative and entrepreneurial spirit in its process. The way forward, he argued, taking into account the existing difficulties, such as geographical limitations and the lack of resources, goes through, regional cooperation, namely at the level of joint development of Hengqin, an area that, may provide new spaces and conditions for the proper diversification of Macaus economy in order not only to produce more income and fortunes, but also to forge a solid economic base for Macaus long-term stability and to find new opportunities for the development of the population, in particular of young people.

The following month, interviewed in Beijing by China News Services, Ho Iat Seng went even further, speaking of Hengqins function to be the, second Macau. The islands 106 square kilometres, three times larger than the entire land area of Macau, make it an inevitable, stopping point along the route of the Grande Bay, he said.

On the same occasion, the Chief Executive said that the construction of the light rail connection line to Hengqin provides Macau residents with access to the Chinese high-speed rail line. This connection can represent a huge leap forward for tourism and business.

While it will highlight the umbilical cord with tourists from Guangdong province, which some experts have signalled, the marriage to Hengqin will decrease dependence on connections with Hong Kong, including the airport on the neighbouring island and local immigration controls.

Macau recorded double-digit growth of international visitors in the first half of 2019. However, international visitors significantly dropped in the second half of last year, influenced by the situation in Hong Kong, said Director of Macau Government Tourism Office recently. We have to review our current civil aviation network to expand our international markets, which is a long-term goal for us, added Maria Helena de Senna Fernandes.

Hengqin Island is an essential element for Macau to actively participate in the build up of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, states Professor Matthew Liu, Director of the Centre for Continuing Education, University of Macau. The Macau government is coordinating with Hengqin on development of high-tech manufacturing industry in Hengqin, he ads. I personally have an optimistic outlook that Macaus moderate economic diversification can get satisfactory results in the next decade.


It is known that there are more and more tourists interested in walking trails and enjoying nature.

Ecotourism can therefore be part of a wider program of tourist diversification.

But Macaus supply will always be reduced.

Jack Ly, Visiting Assistant Professor at the Institute for Tourism Studies considers that as, whenever the destination can reach the following four criteria, you can claim there is an ecotourism/natural tourism activity going on: Basis in natural environment; learning or appreciation about the natural attractions that form the basis of the ecotourism product; the spirit of ecotourism is to sustain, with financial viability.

While we scan through these 4 criteria, Macau has basically fulfilled these 4 conditions in my thinking, however, our government did not bunch them together as an ecotourism product, he states to Macau Business. Thats why, he insists, many people dont think there is any ecotourism in Macau. I think we might develop a paper to assess ecotourism/natural tourism in Macau involving the ideas of the major stakeholders.

For now, international tourists coming to Macau to do ecotourism/nature-based tourism can only go to Coloane Island.

We dont have any guidance or promotion from the Macau Government to give them information about nature-based tourism Jack Ly

But, Professor Ly argues, we dont have any guidance or promotion from the Macau Government to give them information about nature-based tourism. This is something MGTO should consider in the future.

The same opinion can be found in the study, Market Segmentation by Travel Motivations Under a Transforming Economy: Evidence from the Monte Carlo of the Orient (2018), where the authors state that, a new image as a leisure destination that provides full relaxation and freedom should be constructed creating more local events for tourists to participate in to experience the local culture and lifestyle.

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Macao should ban consumption of wild animals – Macau News

Municipal Affairs Bureau (IAM) Consultative Committee member Lei Wun Kong suggested at a regular meeting on Thursday that Macao should prohibit the consumption of wild animals and clarify the scope of edible animal species, in order to improve food safety and reduce public health risks.

The regular meeting took place at the IAM headquarters on Thursday. Members of the committee presented their work report about its May-June activity plan.

Lei said that due to the need for future virus prevention, it was necessary to increase food safety and animal protection efforts in Macao. Lei pointed out that besides the current regulations, Macao should also ban the consumption of wild animals and specify which animals are allowed to be eaten by humans, similar to related regulations in Zhuhai.

He added that there should also be penalties for activities such as hunting, selling, buying, supplying, slaughtering, storing and transporting wild animals that are banned for consumption.

Early this year, the 16th meeting of the 13th National Peoples Congress (NPC) Standing Committee, which was held in Beijing on 24 February, passed a new regulation about the prohibition of the consumption of, and trade in, wild animals.

In addition, on 1 May, Zhuhai also implemented a regulation on the prohibition of consuming wildlife, which clarified the scope of edible animals. It is prohibited to eat wild animals, cats and dogs in Zhuhai now.

According to the World Animal Protection non-governmental organisation (NGO), in recent years, numerous wild animal species have been introduced to the market as luxury food, medicinal materials and pets. Trade has become one of the biggest reasons for the global extinction of animals.

A report about the global trade in wild animals as pets released by the NGO last year showed that the annual turnover of trade in the worlds flora and fauna has reached US$42 billion (MOP 331.95 billion), of which illegal trade is estimated at US$20 billion. Most of the profits comes from endangered and protected animals being traded as pets. The estimated turnover does not include the ingested or medicinal use of wild animals, according to the report.

(The Macau Post Daily/Macau News)PHOTO The Macau Post Daily

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Macao should ban consumption of wild animals - Macau News

GGRAsia Small steps fortnightly key to Macau rebound: Jefferies – GGRAsia

Jul 31, 2020 Newsdesk Latest News, Macau, Top of the deck 

Investors are now understanding the return of meaningful tourism volume in the Macau market is likely to involve small steps every two weeks on the part of the Chinese authorities in terms of relaxation of mainlandtravel policy relative to Macau said a Thursday memo from JefferiesHong Kong Ltd.

Possible clues had been provided by a phase of easing that beganon July 15, via a relaxation of quarantine conditions for travel from Macau to nine cities in the neighbouring Chinese mainland province of Guangdong, which was then extended to the whole of the provincea fortnight later.

The Macau recovery remains dependent on IVS [Individual Visit Scheme], but we expect this to be a gradual and phased reissuance on an individual Chinese city-by-city within each province, said Hong Kong-based analyst Andrew Lee.

He added thatGuangdongis key,given theprovince accounted for46percentand 55percent respectivelyof 2019 andfirst-half 2020mainlandChinese visitors to Macau, with73 percent and 69 percent respectively,of2019 and first-half 2020Guangdongvisitors using IVS.

Hubert Wang, president and chief operating officer of Macau casino operator MGM China Holdings Ltd, said on the second-quarter earnings call of the parent MGM Resorts International on Thursday, he thoughtIVS resumption couldcomein mid-September or even a little bit earlier, possiblystarting with Guangdong province.

The executive added that a return from July 15 of non-tourism exit visas from Guangdong to Macau including for business travel which had been retrospectively reported on Thursday, would be helpful to our business.

Nonetheless, such travellers will still need to provide a timely test certificate showing freedom from Covid-19 infection.

Mr Wangs boss, MGM Resorts chairman Bill Hornbuckle, said on the groups earnings call that recent moves including the easing of quarantine conditions for travel from Macau to Guangdong wereinitial steps in an encouraging direction.

But he noted: Hong Kong borders remain shut and the IVS and tour visa programmes have not yet restarted, which we believe is necessary for a meaningful recovery.

The resumption of the IVS scheme has been widely touted as a key element in a rebound in Macau casino gross gaming revenue, which was down 77.4 percent year-on-year to June 30, according to Macau government data.

IVS travellers accounted for 46.8 percent of the aggregate mainland visitor arrivals to Macau in 2019, and possibly a higher proportion of gaming revenues at the citys casinos for that period, wrote JP Morgan Securities (Asia Pacific) Ltd in a January memo at the time the IVS programme was suspended.

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GGRAsia Small steps fortnightly key to Macau rebound: Jefferies - GGRAsia

CE meets with Zhuhai authorities to discuss better bilateral cooperation in pandemic efforts – Macau Business

Chief Executive Ho Iat Seng held a meeting with the Secretary of the Zhuhai Municipal Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) president of Zhuhai Municipality, Yao Yisheng, to discuss better joint efforts in pandemic prevention.

The meeting held yesterday focused on strengthening bilateral cooperation in preventing the epidemic and speeding the completion of Henqgin as Guangdong-Macau special cooperation area.

In the government announcement, both sides were said to have agreed that during the epidemic situation evident results were achieved through joint prevention and control efforts.

It was announced yesterday that the issuing of all types of visas allowing the entry of mainland residents in the Macau SAR with the exception of tourism visas will be reinstated first to Guangdong residents and from August 12, to residents of all Mainland China provinces.

The measure comes as new Covid-19 cases have been controlled in Macau and Guangdong, and despite the recent spike in Hong Kong having delayed efforts to establish a travel bubble between the three regions.

The Zhuhai Mayor was also reported as having said that Hengqing Island has always been the key point of cooperation between Guangdong and Macau, and hoped that through collaboration between the two governments this new deep cooperation zone project could be accelerated.

According to Ho Iat Seng, his new cooperation zone would have to be achieved through structural innovation and pragmatic cooperation in terms of economic and commercial investment, financial management, certification of origin, customs models and social welfare.

The meeting was also attended by the Secretary for Administration and Justice, Andr Cheong, and the Secretary for Economy and Finance, Lei Wai Nong, secretary of the CCPs Zhuhai Municipal Committee, Zhao Jianguo, and the CCPs Hengqin New Zone Committee Secretary, Niu Jing.

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CE meets with Zhuhai authorities to discuss better bilateral cooperation in pandemic efforts - Macau Business

Poland says US to deploy troops on eastern border – Macau Business

Washington will deploy at least 1,000 soldiers in Poland and oversee forces on NATOs eastern flank, Defence Minister Mariusz Blaszczak said Friday after the US announced a massive troop pullout from Germany.

US Defence Secretary Mark Esper said on Wednesday the Pentagon will be sending home about 6,400 military personnel from Germany, and move nearly 5,600 to other NATO countries, including Italy and Belgium.

At least 1,000 new soldiers will be deployed in our country, Blaszczak told the Jedynka public radio.

We will have an American command in Poland. This command will manage the troops deployed along NATOs eastern flank, he said.

It will be the most important centre for ground forces in our region, he said, adding that Warsaw and Washington had sealed a deal for military cooperation.

We will soon sign the final pact with the Americans.

The American pullout will cut the presence of US military personnel in Germany to around 24,000.

Esper has stressed that the action is part of his broader plan to reposition US military forces globally to better address the key threats from Russia and China.

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Poland says US to deploy troops on eastern border - Macau Business

Portuguese consulate for Macau and HK received 1,500 residence requests this year – Macau Business

The Consulate General of Portugal in Macau and Hong Kong has registered about 1,500 requests from people wanting to live in the country, Consul Paulo Cunha Alves announced today (Thursday).

The information was advanced during the webinar Invest in Portugal. Your Next Place, whose main mission was to attract investment and promote Portugal as an investment destination for citizens of Macau and Hong Kong.

Alves explained that in the first semester the number of people who applied to the Macau-based consulate for a criminal record was around 1,500.

The criminal record is one of the requirements for the gold visa and residency process in Portugal.

Total investment raised through gold visas increased 2.9 per cent in the first half, compared to the same period in 2019, to 383 million euros, according to accounts made by Lusa based on SEF statistics.

In the first six months of the year, the total investment resulting from the granting of a Residence Permit for Investment (ARI) amounted to 383 million euros, 2.9 per cent more in the first half of 2019.

In June, a company specializing in obtaining gold visas in Portugal told Lusa that requests for information from Hong Kong residents soared after Beijings announcement about the national security law imposed on the former British colony.

At the event, which had as one of the organizers the aicepPortugalGlobal Trade&Investment Agency(AICEP), Consul Paulo Cunha Alves also underlined the success of foreign investment in Portugal and which places the country on the radar of several companies in the world.

Alves also said that the Portuguese consulate will always be available to support investments through Hong Kong and Macau.

Meanwhile, the investment advisor at the Portuguese Embassy in Beijing, Patrcia Conceio, said that foreign investment is central to the countrys economy

It has a tremendous impact on all companies, he stressed.

In order to capture the attention of investors attending the online conference, Patrcia Conceio said that Portugal is the second safest country in the European Union, according to the index of security threats.

The fact that Portugal is part of the European Union and that it is a link to Portuguese-speaking countries gives potential investors access to a market of more than 700 million people, she emphasized.

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Portuguese consulate for Macau and HK received 1,500 residence requests this year - Macau Business

Classes on the University of Macau to begin on 7 September – Macau News

The University of Macau (UM) announced on Wednesday that the classes for the upcoming academic year will begin on 7 September.

A note sent to all UM students said that all teaching activities will resume normally in the new academic year and classes will mainly be arranged on a face-to-face teaching basis.

The note, however, said that students should pay close attention to the Special Webpage against Epidemics of the Health Bureau of the Macao.

According to information released by UM, all current postgraduate students will be allowed to return to campus from 10 August 2020.

The university is closely monitoring the situation of the pandemic and will make necessary adjustments to the teaching arrangement in accordance with the announcements and prevention guidelines of the Macao government, the note said.

The notice by UM also asks students to wear a mask, wash hands frequently, maintain distance and avoid crowd gathering.

PHOTO University of Macau

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Classes on the University of Macau to begin on 7 September - Macau News

Planes, cars, oil, GDP… the virus bill is coming due – Macau Business

Oil majors, plane manufacturers, carmakers, double-digit falls in GDP: the global economy is now paying the bill for thecoronavirus pandemic as uncertainty remains over the recovery.

The numbers are head-spinning. The economy of Germany, the largest in Europe, contracted by 10.1 percent in the second quarter from the first three months of the year.

Meanwhile the US economy contracted by 32.9 percent in the second quarter at an annualised rate.

GDP is a rearview mirror, said Ludovic Subran, chief economist at insurance giant Allianz.

It shows us the crest of the wave, the black hole of the crisis, he told AFP.

In a flurry of announcements on Thursday the stalwarts of the old economy showed the financial scars they suffered as countries around the world forced people to stay at home and many businesses to shutter in a bid to slow the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19.

Later several US giants of the new economy Apple, Google parent Alphabet, Facebook and Amazon will reveal how they fared.

Oil companies have been paying an especially high price as the lockdowns triggered a collapse in the price of crude. That has forced them to take huge charges to write down the value of assets that are worth less due to the lower oil prices.

Shell on Thursday posted a second-quarter net loss of $18.1 billion, Frances Total $8.4 billion and Italys Eni $4.4 billion.

The aviation industry has also been hit hard as the lockdowns that brought air travel to a near halt and a return to normal is not seen before 2023.

That has rebounded onto planemakers. Airbus said Thursday it burned through over 12 billion euros in cash in the first half of the year and suffered a net loss of 1.9 billion. It plans to slow production by 40 percent.

Its rival Boeing announced a $2.4 billion loss on Wednesday and said it would ratchet back production after having already announced plans to lay off 10 percent of its workforce.

Automakers are also having a tough time as the stay at home orders kept buyers away from dealerships.

French automaker Renault reported a 7.3-billion-euro half-year loss, partly thanks to trouble at its Japanese partner Nissan but also due to writing down the value of assets.The firm has already announced 15,000 job cuts.

Meanwhile Germanys Volkswagen reported a 1.4 billion pre-tax loss for the first six months of the year.

Although the situation is unprecedented, it is not final, said Renaults new chief executive Luca de Meo, promising a rebound.

A rebound is on everyones mind but no one is quite sure what it looks like yet.

At best it will be V-shaped: a steep drop followed by a sharp jump back.

ING bank economist Carsten Brzeski said he expects to see a strong rebound in Germanys economy in the third quarter.

But he also said the road to recovery would be uneven and long, which would be more like a check mark.

Industrial heavyweights are also suffering.

Steel giant ArcelorMittal saw losses deepen to $559 million as sales slumped by 43 percent.

Food companies have had a mixed time of it. Some benefitted from households initially stockpilingbut those who sell many products to cafes and restaurants have taken a big hit.

Nestle saw sales growth slow and managed an increase in profits only thanks to asset sales. Meanwhile Danone said sales fell 8.3 percent in the second quarter, mostly due to a plunge in sales of its bottled waters in restaurants, but it held profits nearly steady.

For Procter & Gamble, strong sales of cleaning products and soaps more than compensated for lacklustre demand for shaving products, helping it increase sales and post $2.8 billion in net profit for the quarter.

Some tech and pharma companies have weathered the crisis well.

South Korean tech giant SamsungElectronics defied the coronavirus to report Thursday higher net profits in the second quarter, with strong demand for memory chips overcoming the pandemics impact on smartphone sales. Its net profit climbed 7.3 percent.

Swiss pharma giant Novartis last week reported a six percent rise in sales in the first half of the year which helped drive a nine percent gain in profit to $4 billion.

This crisis is very Darwinian, it is affecting countries and sectors very differently, said Allianzs Subran.

He warned it could have a double trigger impact with the initial shock on activity followed by sectors weakened in terms of profitability being forced to adjust to a slower business environment.

Many businesses are likely to need to change their business models in light of the crisis, but a big question is whether they will be able to find money to make necessary investments.

Subran said that the crisis also showed where potential for growth lies, such as the digital economy and online commerce.

by Julien GIRAULT

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Planes, cars, oil, GDP... the virus bill is coming due - Macau Business

Eni trims production forecast after massive loss – Macau Business

Italian oil and gas firm Eni cut its annual production forecast on Thursday for the third time this year after recording a steep quarterly net loss as crude prices plunged due to the coronavirus pandemic.

Eni said its now expects production of 1.71 to 1.76 million barrels per day in 2020, down from an earlier forecast of 1.75 to 1.80 million barrels per day, and well below its 1.87 million barrels per day in 2019.

Its shares fell 2.1 percent to 8.235 euros in morning trade on the Milan Stock Exchange.

Eni posted a second-quarter loss of 4.4 billion euros ($5.17 billion), due to huge asset writedowns, compared to year-ago profit of 424 million euros.

Analysts had been expecting a loss of 4.8 billion euros, according to a consensus forecast by financial information provider Factset Estimates.

For the first half of 2020, Eni posted a loss of 7.3 billion euros.

Second-quarter production fell by 6.6 percent to 1.71 million barrels per day, it said, slightly above the expected 1.68 million barrels per day.

Eni predicted that number to rise to around 2 million in 2023 to reach a peak in 2025 of 2.05 to 2.10 million barrels per day.

The company said it would cut capital expenditures by 35 percent this year and 30 percent in 2021, mostly due to reduced exploration and production.

Chief Executive Claudio Descalzi called the second quarter one of the most challenging quarters the oil and gas industry has faced in its history.

While actions taken by OPEC have allowed the market to reach some stability, emerging from the pandemic will be difficult, with signs of great uncertainty still to come, he said in a release.

Dividends would not be set, he said, but instead depend on the scenario and the industrial development of the group.

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Eni trims production forecast after massive loss - Macau Business

Hong Kong faces worst wave of virus, but it cant lock down – Macau Daily Times

Once a coronavirus success story, Hong Kong is facing its worst outbreak yet, and policy makers are realizing how little they can do without making a bad situation worse.New infections have broken records in nine of the last 20 days. But unlike other global cities, Hong Kong has been reluctant to impose stay-at-home restrictions or close nonessential businesses. Instead, the rules have gotten incrementally tighter, changing by the week. Public gatherings were limited to four people, then two. Dining-in was banned for dinner, then lunch. Masks were required on public transport, then all indoor public spaces, now everywhere outdoors as well.The steady drip of half-measures goes against what the short history of the pandemic has shown to work: broad and stringent lockdowns levied early on the infection curve. In Australia and other places currently fighting flare-ups, officials have quickly reinstated tight restrictions.While still modest compared with outbreaks in many global cities, the up-tick in Hong Kong is particularly troubling, arriving after months with near-zero community transmission and from as yet untraceable origins exactly the circumstances in which the tightest restrictions are thought to be the most effective.On Wednesday, the city reported 113 new local cases, taking the total outbreak to over 3,000.But going further in Hong Kong could lead to a humanitarian crisis. It is extremely difficult to enforce a lockdown in Hong Kong, said Fernando Cheung, a lawmaker with a record of social advocacy. There are more than 200,000 people living in subdivided units, some without private toilets and others combining their kitchens, toilets, and sleeping places all in one room. To ask people not to step out of that environment for a long period of time is inhumane and impractical.A full lockdown? Nobody will say that this isnt in the arsenal, but logistically its a nightmare, Bernard Chan, a top adviser to Chief Executive Carrie Lam, said in an interview. People still need to go out and buy groceries. And people live in such a tight environment, even going down the lift youre exposed.The challenge facing Hong Kong offers more evidence of the disparate impact of the pandemic along existing social and economic fault lines. From the U.S to parts of Europe and South America, the most vulnerable populations are bearing the brunt of the health crisis, made worse by dysfunctional institutions and structures.Whether or not Hong Kong officials tighten restrictions further, time is running out on the current strategy. Some 80% of isolation beds and wards in public hospitals are full, and the citys testing capacity is limited. The government is trying to add capacity with private testing labs in Hong Kong and mainland China, and preparing community isolation centers for patients in stable condition.Meanwhile, the city is already in deep recession, rocked first by months of anti-Beijing protests, then by the pandemic. The economy shrank an unprecedented 9% in the second quarter, the fourth straight quarter of contraction, while the unemployment rate has more than doubled to 6.2% in the past 12 months, reaching a 15-year high.In its current state of political and economic fragility, Hong Kong cant impose heavy lockdowns to eliminate all cases the way mainland China does, said Lam Ching Choi, a medical doctor and adviser to Lam. Instead, the measures have to balance personal and economic needs with public health outcomes, and allow the city to remain an open, international financial center.Our trust level is maybe the lowest compared with western countries because of the social events that happened this year, Lam said in an interview. So we must listen to our people and not affect their work, their daily lives like shopping or visiting their family members. MDT/Bloomberg

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Hong Kong faces worst wave of virus, but it cant lock down - Macau Daily Times

Macau | History, Geography, & Map | Britannica

Macau, special administrative region (Pinyin: tebie xingzhengqu; Wade-Giles romanization: te-pieh hsing-cheng-ch) of China, on the countrys southern coast. Macau is located on the southwestern corner of the Pearl (Zhu) River (Chu Chiang) estuary (at the head of which is the port of Guangzhou [Canton]) and stands opposite the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, which is some 40 miles (60 km) away on the eastern side of the estuary.

Britannica Quiz

Exploring China: Fact or Fiction?

China has 22 provinces.

Macau comprises a small narrow peninsula projecting from the mainland province of Guangdong and includes an area comprising the islands of Taipa and Coloane, which are joined by an expanse of land that was reclaimed from the sea and is known as Cotai. Extending up a hillside is the city of Macau, which occupies almost the entire peninsula. The name Macau, or Macao (Pinyin: Aomen; Wade-Giles romanization: Ao-men), is derived from the Chinese Ama-gao, or Bay of Ama, for Ama, the patron goddess of sailors.

Macau Peninsula is connected to the island area by bridges. Both the peninsula and the island area consist of small granite hills surrounded by limited areas of flatland. The original natural vegetation was evergreen tropical forest before the hills were stripped for firewood and construction. No part of Macau reaches any great elevation; the highest point, 565 feet (172 metres), is at Coloane Peak (Coloane Alto) on Coloane. There are no permanent rivers, and water is either collected during rains or piped in from the mainland.

Macau lies just within the tropics, and it has a monsoonal (wet-dry) climate. Four-fifths of its total average annual rainfall of 83 inches (2,120 mm) falls within the summer rainy season (AprilSeptember), when the southwest monsoon blows. Temperatures reach 84 F (29 C) in the summer and fall to 59 F (15 C) in winter. Besides being rainy, the summer months are also hot, humid, and unpleasant. Winters, on the other hand, are somewhat cooler and less humid and can be delightful.

Nearly all of the population, of which a great majority lives on Macau Peninsula, is ethnic Chinese, born on either the mainland or Macau. There are also small groups of other Asians (including people of mixed Chinese and Portuguese ancestry, often called Macanese). However, the once-significant Portuguese minority has been reduced to only a small proportion of the population. Of the ethnic Chinese, the vast majority are Cantonese speakers, and a few speak Hakka. Chinese (Cantonese) and Portuguese are both official languages; English is also commonly spoken.

Macaus population is overwhelmingly Buddhist, while others adhere to Daoism and Confucianism or combinations of the three. Among the small number of Christians, the great majority are Roman Catholics. About one-sixth of the population professes no religious affiliation.

Macau is one of the most densely populated places in the world, and the entire population is classed as urban. Macau has a relatively older population, with less than one-fourth being younger than age 25.

The service sector dominates the economy, employing about three-fourths of the total labour force. There are few natural resources, an exception being fish in the Pearl River estuary, which are used for local needs. Agriculture is minimal; small quantities of vegetables are grown, and there is some poultry raising (chickens and eggs).

Macau is a free port, and trade is vital. The mainland is of major importance as a supplier of food and inexpensive consumer goods, and a 2004 agreement with China that eliminated tariffs on many of Macaus goods helped increase exports to the mainland. Much of Macaus imports consist of raw materials or semifinished goods for manufacturing purposes. Other imports include machinery and apparatuses, and imported petroleum provides most of the power for domestic electric generation. However, some two-thirds of Macaus power requirements must be imported from Guangdong. Apparel and textile fabrics are the primary exports, and reexports constitute a small but significant proportion of the total value of exports. China is Macaus principal trading partner; trade with the United States and Hong Kong is also significant. In 1991 Macau became a member of the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs, now the World Trade Organization.

In 1989 the Monetary and Foreign Exchange Authority of Macau replaced the Instituto Emissor de Macau as regulator of the currency, the Macau pataca, which is pegged to the Hong Kong dollar. Commercial and foreign banks, as well as banks of issue and a banking association, constitute Macaus banking and financial system. Since the mid-1990s the government has made efforts to attract foreign investors and thus diversify the economy away from its heavy reliance on tourism.

Nonetheless, tourism and gambling are the most important components of Macaus overall economy, and the region in effect serves as the playground of nearby Hong Kong and, increasingly, the Chinese mainland. High-speed hydrofoils, as well as some traditional but slower river ferries, carry tourists from Hong Kong and Shenzhen (just north of Hong Kong) to Macaus numerous gambling casinos, bars, hotels, and other attractions. Internal transport is good, and there are local ferries between the peninsula and the islands. Following the December 1999 transfer of administrative status from Portugal to China, Macau remained a free and open port. An international airport became operational in Macau in 1995.

Before it became a special administrative region of China in 1999, Macau followed the colonial constitution promulgated in 1976; it was administered by a governor, who in agreement with the Legislative Assembly was appointed by the Portuguese president. With the transfer of sovereignty over the territory to China, the Basic Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region, which outlined a policy of one country, two systems, went into effect. For a period of 50 years, Macau will thus retain its capitalist economy and some political autonomy, but foreign policy and defense matters will remain under Chinese administration.

According to the Basic Law, the chief executive, who serves a five-year term, holds executive authority but is under the jurisdiction of the central government in Beijing. An election committee of 300 members, who serve five-year terms, selects the chief executive, who can serve up to two consecutive five-year terms. The chief executive appoints an executive council, which consists of 7 to 11 members, to assist in policy making. The legislature is a single-chamber Legislative Assembly, headed by an elected president and vice president; the assembly has 33 members, who serve four-year terms and are selected by a combination of direct popular election (14), indirect election by a committee of special-interest groups (12), and appointment by the chief executive (7).

Law is based on the Portuguese system. The judicial system was completely administered from Portugal until 1993, when a high court of justice was established in Macau. A new penal code was authorized in 1996 in response to a rise in crime. The Basic Law states that the judicial system remains intact with the transfer of sovereignty and that all judges are appointed by the chief executive. The highest court is the Court of Final Appeal, headed by a chief justice. There are also lower primary courts, intermediate courts, and administrative courts. Macau has a small security force, but defense is the responsibility of the central government in Beijing.

Primary and secondary education in Macau is overwhelmingly at private schools, although the great majority of these schools receive government subsidies. Five years of primary education are officially compulsory, and education is free for children from age 6 to 15. Most receive instruction in Chinese (Cantonese), while the remainder are taught in either English or Portuguese. The University of Macau, formerly the University of East Asia, opened in the early 1990s. In the early 2000s plans were made to move the university from its location on Taipa Island to a parcel of land on Chinas Hengqin Island. An agreement for jurisdiction of the land to be transferred to Macau was reached in 2009 as part of a 40-year lease from China. The new campus was inaugurated in 2013, and relocation was completed in 2014. Literacy is now nearly universal in Macau; a slightly larger proportion of males than females is literate.

There are medical centres and hospitals in Macau, and traditional Chinese medicine is also practiced. The elderly receive medications free of charge. The average life expectancy is about 80 years, and the birth and infant mortality rates are both low. The government has constructed low-income housing units, and the private sector has introduced social housing with controlled prices.

Chinese culture predominates, overlaid by a veneer of Portuguese architecture (notably churches and cathedrals) and customs. Chinese temples and shrines coexist with restored villas from the colonial period. Barrier Gate, which links Macau Peninsula to the mainland, is a popular spot for tourists, as are such early 17th-century structures as Monte Fort and the nearby ruined facade of St. Pauls Cathedral (destroyed 1835). The historic buildings on the peninsula collectively were designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2005.

As is the case in Hong Kong, Cantonese pop (canto-pop) is a popular form of music. Spectator sports include both dog and horse racing. The Macau Grand Prix attracts numerous international competitors and fans of motor racing. Macaus major sports complexes include the Macau Olympic Complex and the Macau East Asian Games Dome; the latter was built for the 2005 East Asian Games, hosted by Macau. Football (soccer), track and field, volleyball, and roller hockey are popular team and individual sports. In the 1990s Macau hosted several roller hockey world championships.

The former Lus de Cames Museum, named for the Portuguese poet and writer of the epic Os Lusadas, was in a 17th-century house that once was used by the British East India Company; its collections are now part of the Macau Museum of Art and feature Chinese pottery, paintings, and artifacts. Adjacent to the art museum is the Macau Cultural Centre, with several performance and exhibition venues. Also of note is the Macau Museum in the Monte Fort compound, which has exhibits on the history of the region.

Local radio stations in Macau (one state-run) and a state-run television station broadcast programs in Chinese (Cantonese) and Portuguese. In addition, cable and satellite television broadcasting is available, and television and radio broadcasts also come from Hong Kong. Several daily newspapers are circulated; most are published in Chinese, but a handful are in Portuguese and English. Internet use is widespread, and mobile telephone usage is ubiquitous.

The first Portuguese ship anchored in the Pearl River estuary in 1513, and further Portuguese visits followed regularly. Trade with China commenced in 1553. Four years later Portuguese paying tribute to China settled in Macau, which became the official and principal entrept for all international trade with China and Japan and an intermediary port for ships traveling from Lisbon to Nagasaki (at the time, Japans only outport for trade). China, nonetheless, still refused to recognize Portuguese sovereignty over the territory. The first governor was appointed in the 17th century, but the Portuguese remained largely under the control of the Chinese. Missionaries carried over on Portuguese ships transformed Macau into an East Asian centre of Christianity. Even though Chinas trade with the outside world was gradually centralized in Guangzhou (Canton) toward the end of the 18th century, merchants were allowed into Guangzhou only during the trading seasonfrom November to Mayand the international merchant community established itself at Macau. By the mid-19th century the British colony of Hong Kong had surpassed Macau in trade, and within a few years the merchants had largely deserted the Portuguese possession, which never again was a major entrept.

In the 1930s and 40s Macau, declared a neutral territory during the Sino-Japanese War and World War II, became a refuge for both Chinese and Europeans. The Chinese population in the territory continued to grow when the communist government assumed power in China in 1949. In 1951 Portugal officially made Macau an overseas province. Following a military coup in Portugal in 1974, the government allotted more administrative autonomy and economic independence to the territory. The constitution promulgated in 1976 established the Legislative Assembly, which was dominated by the minority Portuguese. Until diplomatic relations were solidified between Portugal and the communist government in China in 1979, discussions on transferring Macau to Chinese control were fruitless.

In March 1984 the Portuguese governor dissolved the assembly in response to opposition within the government to extend the right to vote to the Chinese majority. A few months later new elections, which included Chinese suffrage, finally brought a significant number of Chinese deputies into the government. In April 1987 Portugal and China reached an agreement to return Macau to Chinese rule in 1999, using the Hong Kong Joint Declaration between Britain and China as a model. They agreed to provisions under the Basic Law that would ensure the autonomy of Macau for 50 years after the start of Chinese rule. These included Macaus right to elect local leaders, the right of its residents to travel freely, and the right to maintain its way of life, both economically and socially. Defense and foreign policy matters were to be administered by China, and those living in Macau without Portuguese passports would become Chinese citizens. Elections continued to turn out record numbers of voters and a Chinese majority legislature. On December 20, 1999, Macau became a special administrative region under Chinese sovereignty, as Hong Kong had in 1997.

The period since reunification has been peaceful and marked by increasing prosperity. Much of the regions economic growth has come from the tremendous expansion in gambling and gaming since 2000, which transformed Macau into one of the worlds largest gambling centres (in terms of revenue). Tourism also has risen sharply from levels in the 1990s. Major infrastructure projects have included continued land reclamation throughout the region and a third bridge (opened 2005) between Macau Peninsula and Taipa Island. The political situation has been stable, with orderly legislative elections. Ho Hau Wah (Edmund Ho) was named Macaus first chief executive at reunification in 1999; he was reelected to a second term in 2004. In 2009 Chui Sai On was elected president, succeeding Hau. By the mid-2010s his administration was facing a sharp decline in gaming revenues.

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Macau | History, Geography, & Map | Britannica

Macau International Travel Information

Criminal Penalties:You are subject to local laws. If you violate local laws, even unknowingly, you may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned.

Drugs: Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs in Macau are severe.

ID: Police have the right to take you in for questioning if you are not carrying your passport.

Photography: You may be detained if you take pictures of certain buildings (please pay attention to no photography signs in casinos in particular).

DUI: Driving under the influence of alcohol or other drugs could land you immediately in jail.

Furthermore, some laws are also prosecutable in the U.S., regardless of local law. For examples, see our website oncrimes against minors abroadand theDepartment of Justicewebsite.

Arrest Notification:If you are arrested or detained, ask police or prison officials to notify the U.S. Consulate General immediately. Macau authorities regularly notify the Consulate if they know that a U.S. citizen has been detained or arrested. See ourwebpagefor further information.


Currency:There are no currency restrictions for tourists in Macau. Pataca is the official currency in Macau. Hong Kong currency is commonly used and widely accepted in transactions. Credit cards and ATM network debit cards are widely accepted in Macau. Banks and major hotels accept traveler's checks.

Customs Regulations: Macau customs authorities may enforce strict regulations concerning temporary importation into or export from Macau of items such as firearms, ivory, certain categories of medications, and other goods. Please see theMacau Customs Servicewebsite for further information.

Macau customs authorities enforce strict regulations concerning controlled items you might be carrying while transiting or entering Macau. If you bring controlled items into Macau without the necessary Macau documents, you may be prosecuted and the goods may be seized. The penalty for trafficking in dangerous drugs can be life imprisonment and a heavy fine.

The following is a non-exhaustive list of controlled and/or prohibited items:

For more information on bringing controlled items into Macau please contact theMacau Customs Service at +(853) 2855-9944 orinfo@customs.gov.mo.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection encourages the use of an ATA (Admission Temporaire/Temporary Admission) carnet for the temporary admission of professional equipment, commercial samples, and/or goods for exhibitions and fair purposes.

For additional information, please visit theU.S. Council for International Business websiteand the U.S. Customs and Border Protection web page onTraveling with Samples.

Please see ourU.S. Customs Informationsheet for general information.

Importation into the United States of counterfeit items is prohibited by U.S. law. Please see ourU.S. Customs Informationsheet.

Dual Nationality:Dual nationality is not recognized underPRC nationality law. Be mindful of the following special circumstances for dual nationals when traveling in the region.

Enter Macau on your U.S. passportto ensure the U.S. Consulate General can provide consular assistance in case of arrest or other emergency.

Your child will be considered a PRC citizenif one or both of the parents are Chinese nationals regardless of U.S. citizenship.

If traveling onward to mainland China, enter China on your U.S. passport to ensure U.S. consular protection. SeeChina Country Specific Informationfor more information.

For further information on consular protection anddual nationality, please refer to our website.

Faith-Based Travelers:See our following webpages for details:

LGBTI Travelers: There are no legal restrictions on same-sex sexual relations or the organization of LGBTI events in Macau. See ourLGBTI Travel Informationpage and section 6 of ourHuman Rights reportfor further details.

Pets:You must have a permit to bring dogs and cats into Macau. Additionalinformation on importing pets is available directly from theMacau Customs Service at +(853) 2855-9944 orinfo@customs.gov.mo.

Typhoons: During the typhoon season (July through September),theMacau Meteorological and Geophysical Bureauissues typhoon warnings an average of six times a year. The Bureau has a good notification and monitoring system. General information about natural disaster preparedness is available from theU.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).

Travelers Who Require Accessibility Assistance:Macau law prohibits discrimination against persons with physical, sensory, intellectual, and mental disabilities in employment, education, access to health care, or the provision of other state services. The government generally enforces these provisions. The law mandates access to public buildings, usually in the form of a ramp, for persons with physical disabilities. Crosswalks are also required in Macau, and they generally include audible signals for hearing-impaired and raised-treading for visually-impaired pedestrians. Handicap-accessible parking is mandated in publically-owned parking lots. TheSocial Welfare Bureauis primarily responsible for coordinating and funding public assistance programs to persons with disabilities.

For Macau residents who are mobility impaired, theSocial Welfare Bureauoffers free transportation to medical appointments by accessible van through theCaritas Rehabusor theRed Cross Medical Transfer Service. Accessible van rental and Macau tours for the mobility impaired are available throughViagens Acessiveis(tel. +(853) 2840-3315, email:barrierfreemacau@gmail.com.

Students:See ourStudents Abroadpage andFBI travel tips.

Women Travelers: See our travel tips forWomen Travelers.

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Macau International Travel Information

History of Macau – Wikipedia

Macau SAR history

Macau is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China. In 1557 it was leased to Portugal as a trading post in exchange for an annual rent of 500 tael in order to stay in Macau, it remained under Chinese sovereignty and authority until 1887, the Portuguese came to consider and administer it as a de facto colony. Following the signing of the Treaty of Nanking between China and Britain in 1842, and the signing of treaties between China and foreign powers during the 1860s, establishing the benefit of "the most favoured nation" for them, the Portuguese attempted to conclude a similar treaty in 1862, but the Chinese refused, owing to a misunderstanding over the sovereignty of Macau. In 1887 the Portuguese finally managed to secure an agreement from China that Macao was Portuguese territory.[1] In 1999 it was handed over to China. Macau was the last extant European territory in continental Asia.

The human history of Macau stretches back up to 6,000 years, and includes many different and diverse civilisations and periods of existence. Evidence of human and culture dating back 4,000 to 6,000 years has been discovered on the Macau Peninsula and dating back 5,000 years on Coloane Island.[citation needed]

During the Qin Dynasty (221206 BC), the region was under the jurisdiction of Panyu County, Nanhai Prefecture of the province of Guangdong.[2][3][4] The region is first known to have been settled during the Han dynasty.[5] It was administratively part of Dongguan Prefecture in the Jin dynasty (265420 AD), and alternated under the control of Nanhai and Dongguan in later dynasties.[4][6]

Since the 5th century, merchant ships travelling between Southeast Asia and Guangzhou used the region as a port for refuge, fresh water, and food.[citation needed] In 1152, during the Song dynasty (9601279 AD), it was under the jurisdiction of the new Xiangshan County.[2][3][6] In 1277, approximately 50,000 refugees fleeing the Mongol conquest of China settled in the coastal area.[4][6][7][4]

Mong H has long been the center of Chinese life in Macau and the site of what may be the region's oldest temple, a shrine devoted to the Buddhist Guanyin (Goddess of Mercy).[citation needed] Later in the Ming dynasty (13681644 AD), fishermen migrated to Macau from various parts of Guangdong and Fujian provinces and built the A-Ma Temple where they prayed for safety on the sea. The Hoklo Boat people were the first to show interest in Macau as a trading centre for the southern provinces. However, Macau did not develop as a major settlement until the Portuguese arrived in the 16th century.[7]

During the age of discovery Portuguese sailors explored the coasts of Africa and Asia. The sailors later established posts at Goa in 1510, and conquered Malacca in 1511, driving the Sultan to the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula from where he kept making raids on the Portuguese. The Portuguese under Jorge lvares landed at Lintin Island in the Pearl River Delta of China in 1513 with a hired junk sailing from Portuguese Malacca. They erected a stone marker at Lintin Island claiming it for the King of Portugal, Manuel I. In the same year, the Indian Viceroy Afonso de Albuquerque commissioned Rafael Perestrello a cousin of Christopher Columbus to sail to China in order to open up trade relations. Rafael traded with the Chinese merchants in Guangzhou in that year and in 1516, but was not allowed to move further.

Portugal's king Manuel I in 1517 commissioned a diplomatic and trade mission to Guangzhou headed by Tom Pires and Ferno Pires de Andrade. The embassy lasted until the death of the Zhengde Emperor in Nanjing. The embassy was further rejected by the Chinese Ming court, which now became less interested in new foreign contacts. The Ming Court was also influenced by reports of misbehaviour of Portuguese elsewhere in China, and by the deposed Sultan of Malacca seeking Chinese assistance to drive the Portuguese out of Malacca.

In 1521 and 1522 several more Portuguese ships reached the trading island Tamo off the coast near Guangzhou, but were driven away by the now hostile Ming authorities. Pires was imprisoned and died in Canton.

Good relations between the Portuguese and Chinese Ming dynasty resumed in the 1540s, when Portuguese aided China in eliminating coastal pirates. The two later began annual trade missions to the offshore Shangchuan Island in 1549. A few years later, Lampacau Island, closer to the Pearl River Delta, became the main base of the Portuguese trade in the region.[8]

Diplomatic relations were further improved and salvaged by the Leonel de Sousa agreement with Cantonese authorities in 1554. In 1557, the Ming court finally gave consent for a permanent and official Portuguese trade base at Macau. In 1558, Leonel de Sousa became the second Portuguese Governor of Macau.

They later built some rudimentary stone-houses around the area now called Nam Van. But not until 1557 did the Portuguese establish a permanent settlement in Macau, at an annual rent of 500 taels (~20 kilograms (44lb)) of silver.[9] Later that year, the Portuguese established a walled village there. Ground rent payments began in 1573. China retained sovereignty and Chinese residents were subject to Chinese law, but the territory was under Portuguese administration. In 1582 a land lease was signed, and annual rent was paid to Xiangshan County.[citation needed] The Portuguese continued to pay an annual tribute up to 1863 in order to stay in Macau.[10]

The Portuguese often married Tanka women since Han Chinese women would not have relations with them. Some of the Tanka's descendants became Macanese people. Some Tanka children were enslaved by Portuguese raiders.[11] The Chinese poet Wu Li wrote a poem, which included a line about the Portuguese in Macau being supplied with fish by the Tanka.[12][13][14][15]

After the Portuguese were allowed to permanently settle in Macau, both Chinese and Portuguese merchants flocked to Macau, although the Portuguese were never numerous (numbering just 900 in 1583 and 1200 out of 26,000 in 1640).[16] It quickly became an important node in the development of Portugal's trade along three major routes: MacauMalaccaGoaLisbon, GuangzhouMacauNagasaki and MacauManilaMexico. The GuangzhouMacauNagasaki route was particularly profitable because the Portuguese acted as middlemen, shipping Chinese silks to Japan and Japanese silver to China, pocketing huge markups in the process. This already lucrative trade became even more so when Chinese officials handed Macau's Portuguese traders a monopoly by banning direct trade with Japan in 1547, due to piracy by Chinese and Japanese nationals.[17]

Macau's golden age coincided with the union of the Spanish and Portuguese crowns, between 1580 and 1640. King Philip II of Spain was encouraged to not harm the status quo, to allow trade to continue between Portuguese Macau and Spanish Manila, and to not interfere with Portuguese trade with China. In 1587, Philip promoted Macau from "Settlement or Port of the Name of God" to "City of the Name of God" (Cidade do Nome de Deus de Macau).[18]

The alliance of Portugal with Spain meant that Portuguese colonies became targets for the Netherlands, which was embroiled at the time in a lengthy struggle for its independence from Spain, the Eighty Years' War. After the Dutch East India Company was founded in 1602, the Dutch unsuccessfully attacked Macau several times, culminating in a full-scale invasion attempt in 1622, when 800 attackers were successfully repelled by 150 Macanese and Portuguese defenders and a large number of African slaves.[19] One of the first actions of Macau's next governor, who arrived the following year, was to strengthen the city's defences, which included the construction of the Guia Fortress.[20]

As well as being an important trading post, Macau was a center of activity for Catholic missionaries, as it was seen as a gateway for the conversion of the vast populations of China and Japan. Jesuits had first arrived in the 1560s and were followed by Dominicans in the 1580s. Both orders soon set about constructing churches and schools, the most notable of which were the Jesuit Cathedral of Saint Paul and the St. Dominic's Church built by the Dominicans. In 1576, Macau was established as an episcopal see by Pope Gregory XIII with Melchior Carneiro appointed as the first bishop.[21][22]

In 1637, increasing suspicion of the intentions of Spanish and Portuguese Catholic missionaries in Japan finally led the shgun to seal Japan off from foreign influence. Later named the sakoku period, this meant that no Japanese were allowed to leave the country (or return if they were living abroad), and no foreign ship was allowed to dock in a Japanese port. An exception was made for the Protestant Dutch, who were allowed to continue to trade with Japan from the confines of a small man-made island in Nagasaki, Deshima. Macau's most profitable trade route, that between Japan and China, had been severed. The crisis was compounded two years later by the loss of Malacca to the Dutch in 1641, damaging the link with Goa.

The news that the Portuguese House of Braganza had regained control of the Crown from the Spanish Habsburgs took two years to reach Macau, arriving in 1642. A ten-week celebration ensued, and despite its new-found poverty, Macau sent gifts to the new King Joo IV along with expressions of loyalty. In return, the King rewarded Macau with the addition of the words "There is none more Loyal" to its existing title. Macau was now "City of the Name of God in China, There is none more loyal". ("No h outra mais Leal" [Listen(helpinfo)]).

In 1685, the privileged position of the Portuguese in trade with China ended, following a decision by the Kangxi Emperor of China to allow trade with all foreign countries. Over the next century, England, the Dutch Republic, France, Denmark, Sweden, the United States and Russia moved in, establishing factories and offices in Guangzhou and Macau. British trading dominance in the 1790s was unsuccessfully challenged by a combined French and Spanish naval squadron at the Macau Incident of 27 January 1799.

Until 20 April 1844 Macau was under the jurisdiction of Portugal's Indian colonies, the so-called "Estado portugus da India" (Portuguese State of India), but after this date, it, along with East Timor, was accorded recognition by Lisbon (but not by Beijing) as an overseas province of Portugal. The Treaty of Peace, Amity, and Commerce between China and the United States was signed in a temple in Macau on 3 July 1844. The temple was used by a Chinese judicial administrator, who also oversaw matters concerning foreigners, and was located in the village of Mong H. The Templo de Kun Iam was the site where, on 3 July 1844, the treaty of Wangxia (named after the village of Mong Ha where the temple was located) was signed by representatives of the United States and China. This marked the official beginning of Sino-US relations.

After China ceded Hong Kong to the British in 1842, Macau's position as a major regional trading centre declined further still because larger ships were drawn to the deep water port of Victoria Harbour.[23] In an attempt to reverse the decline, Portugal declared Macau a free port, expelled Chinese officials and soldiers, and thereafter levied taxes on Chinese residents. In 1848, there was a revolt of the boatmen that was put down.

Portugal continued to pay rent to China until 1849, when the Portuguese abolished the Chinese customs house and declared Macau's "independence", a year which also saw Chinese retaliation and finally the assassination of Gov. Ferreira do Amaral during the so-called Baishaling Incident. Portugal gained control of the island of Wanzai (Lapa by the Portuguese and now as Wanzaizhen), to the northwest of Macau and which now is under the jurisdiction of Zhuhai (Xiangzhou District), in 1849 but relinquished it in 1887. Control over Taipa and Coloane, two islands south of Macau, was obtained between 1851 and 1864. Macau and East Timor were again combined as an overseas province of Portugal under control of Goa in 1883. The Protocol Respecting the Relations Between the Two Countries (signed in Lisbon 26 March 1887) and the Beijing Treaty (signed in Beijing on 1 December 1887) confirmed "perpetual occupation and government" of Macau by Portugal (with Portugal's promise "never to alienate Macau and dependencies without agreement with China" in the treaty). Taipa and Coloane were also ceded to Portugal, but the border with the mainland was not delimited. Ilha Verde (Chinese: ; pinyin: Qngzhu; Jyutping: Ceng1 Zau1 or Cing1 Zau1) was incorporated into Macau's territory in 1890, and, once a kilometre offshore, by 1923 it had been absorbed into peninsula Macau through land reclamation.[citation needed]

In 1871, the Hospital Kiang Wu was founded as a traditional Chinese medical hospital. It was in 1892 that doctor Sun Yat-sen brought Western medicine services to the hospital.[24]

In the 1930s, Macau's traditional income streams related to illegal opium sales dried up, as the Royal Navy's Eastern Fleet suppressed piracy and smuggling in support of Hong Kong's growing commercial status. Traditional local industries of fishing, firecrackers and incense, as well as tea and tobacco processing, were all small scale, while Macau Government income from 'Fan-Tan' gambling was only around US$5000 (about US$100,000 in modern money) per day. So the financially pressed Portuguese government urged the colony's administrators to develop greater economic self-sufficiency. One channel that bore fruit was as a transit point for the new trans-Pacific passenger and postal flights, for competing airlines from the US and Japan which was at the time engaged in conflict with China. In 1935, Pan-Am secured sea-landing rights in Macau and immediately set about building related communications infrastructure in the enclave, allowing a service from San Francisco to begin in November that year.[25]

Intertwined with this economic progress was an alleged and much discussed offer (never officially confirmed) in 1935 by Japan to buy Macau from Portugal, for US$100 million. Concerns were raised by the British, and others. In May, the Portuguese government twice denied that it would accept any such offer, and the matter was closed.[25]

From 1848 to about the early 1870s, Macau was the infamous transit port of a trade of coolies (or slave labourers) from southern China. Most of them were kidnapped from the Guangdong province and were shipped off in packed vessels to Cuba, Peru, or other South American ports to work on plantations or in mines. Many died on the way there due to malnutrition, disease, or other mistreatment. The Dea del Mar which had set sail to Callao from Macau in 1865 with 550 Chinese on board, arrived in Tahiti with only 162 of them still alive.

Macau became a refugee center during WWII causing its population to climb from about 200,000 to about 700,000 people within a few years.[26] Refugee operations were organized through the Santa Casa da Misericordia.[27]

Unlike in the case of Portuguese Timor, which was occupied by the Japanese in 1942 along with Dutch Timor, the Japanese respected Portuguese neutrality in Macau, but only up to a point.[26] As such, Macau enjoyed a brief period of economic prosperity as the only neutral port in South China, after the Japanese had occupied Guangzhou (Canton) and Hong Kong. In August 1943, Japanese troops seized the British steamer Sian in Macau and killed about 20 guards. The next month they demanded the installation of Japanese "advisors" under the alternative of military occupation. The result was that a virtual Japanese protectorate was created over Macau.

When it was discovered that neutral Macau was planning to sell aviation fuel to Japan, aircraft from the USS Enterprise bombed and strafed the hangar of the Naval Aviation Centre on 16 January 1945 to destroy the fuel. American air raids on targets in Macau were also made on 25 February and 11 June 1945. Following Portuguese government protest, in 1950 the United States paid US$20,255,952 to the government of Portugal.[28]

Japanese domination ended in August 1945.

When the Chinese communists came to power in 1949, they declared the Protocol of Lisbon to be invalid as an "unequal treaty" imposed by foreigners on China. However, Beijing was not ready to settle the treaty question, leaving the maintenance of "the status quo" until a more appropriate time. Beijing took a similar position on treaties relating to the Hong Kong territories of the United Kingdom.

In 1951, the Salazar regime declared Macau, as well as other Portuguese colonies, an "Overseas Province" of Portugal.

During the 1950s and 1960s Macau's border crossing to China Portas do Cerco was also referred to as Far Eastern Checkpoint Charlie with a major border incident happening in 1952 with Portuguese African Troops exchanging fire with Chinese Communist border guards.[29] According to reports, the exchange lasted for one-and-three-quarter hours, leaving one dead and several dozens injured on the Macau side and more than 100 casualties claimed on the Communist Chinese side.[30]

In 1954, the Macau Grand Prix was established, first as a treasure hunt throughout the city, and in later years as a formal car racing event.[31]

In 1962, the gambling industry of Macau saw a major breakthrough when the government granted the Sociedade de Turismo e Diverses de Macau (STDM), a syndicate jointly formed by Hong Kong and Macau businessmen, the monopoly rights to all forms of gambling. The STDM introduced western-style games and modernised the marine transport between Macau and Hong Kong, bringing millions of gamblers from Hong Kong every year.[32]

Riots broke out in 1966 during the communist Cultural Revolution, when local Chinese and the Macau authority clashed, the most serious one being the so-called 12-3 incident. This was sparked by the overreaction of some Portuguese officials to what was a regular minor dispute concerning building permits. The riots caused 8 deaths and the end was a total climbdown by the Portuguese Government.[33]

On January 29, 1967, the Portuguese Governor, Jos Manuel de Sousa e Faro Nobre de Carvalho, with the endorsement of Portuguese Prime Minister Salazar, signed a statement of apology at the Chinese Chamber of Commerce, under a portrait of Mao Zedong, with Ho Yin, the Chamber's President, presiding.[34][35]

Two agreements were signed, one with Macau's Chinese community, and the other with mainland China. The latter committed the Government to compensate local Chinese community leaders with as much as 2 million Macau Patacas and to prohibit all Kuomintang activities in Macau. This move ended the conflict, and relations between the government and the leftist organisations remained largely peaceful.[citation needed]

This success in Macau encouraged leftists in Hong Kong to "do the same", leading to riots by leftists in Hong Kong in 1967.

A Portuguese proposal to return the province to China was declined by China.[citation needed]

Also in 1966, the Church of our Lady of Sorrows on Coloane opened up.[36]

In 1968, the Taipa-Coloane Causeway linking Taipa island and Coloane island was opened up.[36]

In 1974, following the anti-colonialist Carnation Revolution, Portugal relinquished all claims over Macau and proposed to return Macau back to Chinese sovereignty.

In 1990, the Academy of Public Security Forces was founded in Coloane.[36]

In 1994, the Bridge of Friendship was completed, the second bridge connecting Macau and Taipa.[36]

In November 1995, the Macau International Airport was inaugurated.[36] Before then the territory only had 2 temporary airports for small aeroplanes, in addition to several permanent heliports.

In 1997, the Macau Stadium was completed in Taipa.[36]

Portugal and the People's Republic of China established diplomatic relations on 8 February 1979, and Beijing acknowledged Macau as "Chinese territory under Portuguese administration." A year later, Gen. Melo Egidio became the first governor of Macau to pay an official visit to Beijing.

The visit underscored both parties' interest in finding a mutually agreeable solution to Macau's status. A joint communique signed 20 May 1986 called for negotiations on the Macau question, and four rounds of talks followed between 30 June 1986 and 26 March 1987. The Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau was signed in Beijing on 13 April 1987, setting the stage for the return of Macau to full Chinese sovereignty as a Special Administrative Region on 20 December 1999.

After four rounds of talks, "the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau" was officially signed in April 1987. The two sides exchanged instruments of ratification on 15 January 1988 and the Joint Declaration entered into force. During the transitional period between the date of the entry into force of the Joint Declaration and 19 December 1999 the Portuguese government was responsible for the administration of Macau.

The Basic Law of the Macau Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, was adopted by the National People's Congress (NPC) on 31 March 1993 as the constitutional law for Macau, taking effect on 20 December 1999.

The PRC has promised that, under its "one country, two systems" formula, China's socialist economic system will not be practiced in Macau and that Macau will enjoy a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defense affairs until at least 2049, fifty years after the handover.

Although offered control of Macau as early as the 1960s, the Chinese deemed the time "not yet ripe" and preferred to wait until December 1999the very end of the millennium, two years after the Hong Kong handoverto close this chapter of history.

Upon the handover of Macau European colonization of Asia ended.

In 2002, the Macau government ended the gambling monopoly system and 3 (later 6) casino operating concessions (and subconcessions) were granted to Sociedade de Jogos de Macau (SJM, an 80% owned subsidiary of STDM), Wynn Resorts, Las Vegas Sands, Galaxy Entertainment Group, the partnership of MGM Mirage and Pansy Ho Chiu-king, and the partnership of Melco and PBL, thus marking the begin of the rise of Macau as the new gambling hub in Asia.

As one of the measures to develop the gambling industry, the Cotai strip was completed after the handover to China with construction of the hotel and casino industry starting in 2004. In 2007, the first of many resorts opened, The Venetian Macao. Many other resorts followed, both in Cotai and on Macau island, providing for a major tax income stream to Macau government and a drop in overall unemployment over the years down to a mere 2% in 2013.[37]

In 2004, the Sai Van Bridge is completed, the third bridge between Macau island and Taipa island.[36]

In 2005, the Macau East Asian Games Dome, the principal venue for the 4th East Asian Games, is inaugurated.[36]

Also in 2005, Macau government started a wave of social housing construction (lasting until 2013 at least), constructing over 8000 apartment units in the process.[38]

Similar to other economies in the world, the financial crisis of 200708 hit Macau leading to a stall in construction of major construction works (Sands Cotai Central[39]) and a spike in unemployment.[40]

With residential and development space being sparse, Macau government officially announced on 27 June 2009 that the University of Macau will build its new campus on Hengqin island, in a stretch directly facing the Cotai area, south of the current border post. Along with this development, several other residential and business development projects on Hengqin are in the planning.

In 2011 to 2013 further major construction on several planned mega-resorts on the Cotai Strip commenced.[41]

2014 marked the first time that the gambling revenues in Macau declined on a year-to-year basis. Starting in June 2014, gambling revenues declined for the second half of the year on a month-to-month basis (compared with 2013) causing the Macau Daily Times to announce that the "Decade of gambling expansion end[ed]".[42] Some reasons for the slowdown are China's anti-corruption drive reaching Macau, China's economy slowing down and changes of Mainland Chinese tourists preference of visiting other countries as a travel destination.[43][44]

This led the Macau government to attempt to reconstruct the economy, to depend less on gambling revenues and focus on building world-class non-gambling tourism and leisure centers, as well as developing itself as a platform for economic and trade cooperation between China and Portuguese-speaking countries.[45][46]

In 2015, the borders of Macau were redrawn by the state council, shifting the land border north to the Canal dos Patos and expanding the maritime border significantly. The changes increased the size of Macau's maritime territory by 85 square kilometers.[47]

Typhoon Hato hit southern China in August 2017 causing widespread damage to Macau, never before experienced major flooding and property damages, with citywide power and water outages lasting for at least 24 hours after the passage of the storm. Overall, 10 deaths and at least 200 injuries were reported. This caused widespread anger against the Macau government, accused of being unprepared for the typhoon as were as the delay of raising the no. 10 tropical cyclone signal; this caused the head of the Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau to resign.[48] At the request of the Macau government, the Chinese People's Liberation Army Macau Garrison (for the first time in Macau's history) deployed around 1,000 troops to assist in disaster relief and cleaning up.[49][50]

On December 12, 2019, Macau officially opened its first rail transit system: the Macau Light Rapid Transit.[51]

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History of Macau - Wikipedia

Air quality in the Pearl River Delta improved in recent years – GBA report – Macau Business

Air quality in the region improved in recent years when it comes to respirable suspended particulates but worsened in terms of ozone concentrations, a report released today (Thursday) by the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Pearl River Delta Regional Air Quality Monitoring Network on its 2019 monitoring results indicates.

The network is a joint system established in 2005 between the Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau jurisdictions for air quality monitoring network and regional air pollution reduction efforts.

The joint monitoring network includes 23 air monitoring stations located in the three regions and monitors six major air pollutants: SO2, NO2, O3, RSP, FSP and CO.

The recently released 2019 report indicated that Macau authorities introduced several air quality improvement measures to reduce pollution from mobile and stationary sources as included in its Five-Year Development Plan for 2016 and 2020.

Such measures include pushing forward the use of natural gas and construction of relevant facilities, upgrading the emission standards for newly-imported vehicles to Euro VI, optimising emission standards for in-use vehicles and phasing out polluting motorcycles with two-stroke engines, the report noted.

The measures also include promoting new energy vehicles, raising the standards for vehicle fuels to Euro V, requiring the installation of vapour recovery systems in petrol filling stations and implementing emission standards for large stationary sources such as sewage treatment plants, chemical and pharmaceutical industries, oil depots and power plants.

The report indicates that overall the emission reduction measures implemented by Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau in recent years have contributed to the gradual improvement of the overall air quality in the Pearl River Delta.

The joint network alleges that when compared with 2006, the average annual concentration levels of sulphur dioxide (SO2), respirable suspended particulates (RSP) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in 2019 decreased by 84 per cent, 37 per cent and 29 per cent, respectively.

Although the other two parameters, i.e. carbon monoxide (CO) and fine suspended particulates (FSP) were only added to the monitoring network in September 2014, their average annual concentration levels also decreased by 4 per cent and 14 per cent respectively in 2019 when compared with 2015, the report noted.

However, the research also showed that 2019 average annual concentration level of ozone (O3) increased by 36 per cent when compared with 2006, indicating that further alleviation of regional photochemical pollution is required

Ozone is a reactive gas thatcan trigger a variety ofhealthproblems including chest pain, coughing, throat irritation, and airway inflammation, and can worsen bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma and respiratory problems.

The increase in the led the Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macau governments to plan a three-year joint study from 2021 to 2023 on the Characterisation of photochemical ozone pollution in the Greater Bay Area and its regional and super-regional transportation

Concerning efforts made by the Guangdong Province to reduce atmospheric pollution in the region, the reporter stated that in 2018 regional authorises promulgated regulations on prevention and control of atmospheric pollution implemented in its three-year action plans on pollution control and plan on safeguarding blue sky for 2018-2020.

Under the new measures new projects subject to environmental impact assessment including steel, petrochemical and cement industries must comply with the specific emission standards for air pollutants and ll motor vehicle petrol and diesel sold in Guangdong must comply with National VI standards.

Guangdong Province is also taking forward full-scale electrification of public transport, implementing comprehensive control on polluting industries and premises, introducing joint inspections on volatile organic compounds report added, the

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Air quality in the Pearl River Delta improved in recent years - GBA report - Macau Business