Virginia Board of Medicine


Click here for Information on Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Learn more about how to fill out death certificates, your final act of patient care, at the following link.

Virginia Department of Health training on Death Certification.

The Governor has signed legislation (SB1235 & HB1445) that authorizes a practitioner of medicine or osteopathy licensed by the Board of Medicine in the course of his professional practice to issue a written certification for the use of cannabidiol oil or THC-A oil for treatment or to alleviate the symptoms of a patients intractable epilepsy. Here is the link to the certification form that must be completed by the physician.

The 2014 Session of the General Assembly passed SB294 that establishes a requirement for all prescribers that treat humans to be registered with the Prescription Monitoring Program (PMP) upon application for or renewal of licensure beginning July 1, 2015. DHP is working to integrate this registration into the re-licensure process. The bill also has a requirement for prescribers of benzodiazepines and opiates to check the PMP at the initiation of treatment. You may wish to go ahead and sign up for the PMP now rather than waiting until next year. You can read the bill by clicking here.

Regulations became effective on February 13, 2015 for the voluntary registration of surgical technologists and surgical assistants. Click here to view these regulations. The law passed by the 2014 General Assembly provided those with experience as a surgical technologist or surgical assistant the opportunity to register without holding one of the required credentials or having completed a training program. The date by which an individual with experience needed to register was July 1, 2015. Click here to view the law concerning surgical technologists. Click here to view the law regarding surgical assistants. Again, registration is voluntary, not mandatory. Registration is not necessary to practice as a surgical technologist or a surgical assistant.

The Virginia Board of Medicine has teamed up with VeriDoc, Inc. to provide immediate verifications of licensure for our physicians and physician assistants to other state medical boards.

If you need a verification of your Virginia MD, DO, PA, Resident, or University Limited license sent to another state medical board, go to and follow the instructions to create and send an immediate verification. The fee charged by VeriDoc is $10.00.

If you need to have a verification of licensure sent to any entity other than a state medical board, or if your license type is not included above, please send your request along with a check or money order in the amount of $10 payable to the Treasurer of Virginia, to:

Virginia Board of Medicine 9960 Mayland Drive, Suite 300 Henrico, VA 23233

Extension of renewal requirements for deployed military and spouses Virginia law allows active duty service people or their spouses who are deployed outside the U.S. to have an extension of time for any requirement or fee pertaining to renewal until 60 days after the persons return from deployment.The extension cannot last beyond 5 years past the expiration date for the license.For more information, please read attached policy and contact the applicable licensing specialist for your profession.

Public Health Information Important Public Health Information from the Department of Health

Download the available forms and applications from the Board.

Continuing Education Forms can be found here.

View the list of Professions regulated by the Board.

Laws and Regulations Governing the Board of Medicine

View the calendar of upcoming Board meetings and minutes from past Board meetings.

View the current Members of the Board

Read the latest Board newsletters.

View and download the list of available guidance documents. These documents provide information or guidance to the public to interpret or implement statutes or the agency’s rules or regulations.

The Virginia Department of Planning & Budget has designed a Regulatory Town Hall for anyone interested in the proposal of regulations or meetings of regulatory boards.

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Virginia Board of Medicine

What Is Medicine? A History Of Medicine

knowledge center home primary care a history of medicine what is medicine? Medicine has two basic meanings, it refers to 1. The Science of Healing; the practice of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease, and the promotion of health. 2. Medications, drugs, substances used to treat and cure diseases, and to promote health. This collection of articles focuses on the science of healing, its history from prehistoric times until today, and the medications and healing methods used.

Some people might call medicine a regulated patient-focused health profession which is devoted to the health and well-being of patients.

Whichever way medicine is described, the thrust of the meaning is the same – diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease, caring for patients and a dedication to their health and well-being.

According to Medilexicon’s medical dictionary, Medicine is:

2. The art of preventing or curing disease; the science concerned with disease in all its relations.

3. The study and treatment of general diseases or those affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually requiring surgical intervention.

This history of medicine section was written by Christian Nordqvist for Medical News Today on 9 August 2012 , and may not be re-produced in any way without the permission of Medical News Today.

Disclaimer: This informational section on Medical News Today is regularly reviewed and updated, and provided for general information purposes only. The materials contained within this guide do not constitute medical or pharmaceutical advice, which should be sought from qualified medical and pharmaceutical advisers.

Please note that although you may feel free to cite and quote this article, it may not be re-produced in full without the permission of Medical News Today. For further details, please view our full terms of use

MediLexicon International Ltd

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What Is Medicine? A History Of Medicine

Department of Medicine – Massachusetts General Hospital …

Clinical Divisions Cardiology

The Cardiology Division at Massachusetts General Hospital provides multidisciplinary care and innovative treatments for common and complex heart conditions.

The Mass General Endocrine Division offerscomprehensive clinical services, including treatment for diabetes, osteoporosis and diseases of the pituitary, thyroid and reproductive systems.

The Division of Gastroenterology at Mass General provides state-of-the-art consultative care, endoscopic services, and access to clinical trials for the full spectrum of digestive and liver diseases.

The Division of General Internal Medicine provides general medical careincluding hospital medicine, primary care and geriatric medicineand oversees primary care training and programs in health services research.

As an integral part of the Mass General Cancer Center, world-renowned specialists in the Division of Hematology & Oncology offer patients personalized, team-based cancer care and access to promising new therapies.

The Division of Infectious Disease provides comprehensive inpatient and outpatient clinical services in all areas of infectious disease and conducts leading-edge, basic, translational and clinical research. We also offer fellowships and advanced research training.

The Mass General Division of Nephrology offers a full range of personalized care and education for patients with kidney diseases while engaging in clinical, translational and basic research.

The Division of Palliative Care provides patients with relief from the symptoms, pain and stress of a serious illnesswhatever the diagnosis or prognosis. It serves as an extra layer of support to the patients other clinicians.

The Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine provides comprehensive care for patients with respiratory diseases and critical illness, performs leading-edge research, and trains the next generation of physicians and scientists.

The Division of Rheumatology, Allergy & Immunology at Mass General treats immune diseases by integrating patient care, basic and clinical research, and education of physician-scientists.

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Department of Medicine – Massachusetts General Hospital …

Medicine – Elsevier Health

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Netter’s Surgical Anatomy and Approaches is your quick reference to the key anatomical landmarks and operative techni…

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The International Journal of Cardiology is devoted to cardiology in the broadest sense. Both basic research and clinical papers can be submitted. The…

Foot and Ankle Surgery is essential reading for everyone interested in the foot and ankle and its disorders. The approach is broad and includes all a…

Surgical Pathology Clinics keeps you current on the information that is essential to every practicing surgical pathologist, from the latest technique…

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Medicine – Elsevier Health

Department of Medicine – University of Rochester Medical …

URMC / Medicine

The Department of Medicine is the largest department within the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. It is made up of nearly 300 faculty members who are involved in patient care, research and education.

Again and again, the Department of Medicine has distinguished itself as both a national and world-leader. Take a moment to read about some of our achievements that are helping to move all of medicine forward.

Nov 11, 2015

UR Scientist Wins Novo Nordisk Award to Develop Obesity Drug

Oct 28, 2015

Construction Begins on the Ann and Carl Myers Cancer Center

Oct 19, 2015

Experimental Treatment Regimen Effective Against HIV

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Department of Medicine – University of Rochester Medical …

Medicine Center

Otitis externa management: You could be doing it wrong VETERINARY MEDICINE – Nov 03, 2015

From “that smell” to potential ear hematomas and ablations, otitis externa can be a clinical challenge for any veterinary practitioner to manage. Wayne Rosenkrantz, DVM, DACVD, answers some of the most common questions about his approach to the management of this odorous condition.

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Medicine Center

WebMD Drugs & Medications – Medical information on …

IMPORTANT: About This Section and Other User-Generated Content on WebMD

The opinions expressed in WebMD User-generated content areas like communities, reviews, ratings, or blogs are solely those of the User, who may or may not have medical or scientific training. These opinions do not represent the opinions of WebMD. User-generated content areas are not reviewed by a WebMD physician or any member of the WebMD editorial staff for accuracy, balance, objectivity, or any other reason except for compliance with our Terms and Conditions. Some of these opinions may contain information about treatment or uses of drug products that have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. WebMD does not endorse any specific product, service, or treatment.

Do not consider WebMD User-generated content as medical advice. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your care plan or treatment. WebMD understands that reading individual, real-life experiences can be a helpful resource but it is never a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from a qualified health care provider. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or dial 911 immediately.


WebMD Drugs & Medications – Medical information on …

School of Medicine – University of Utah – School of …

Medical Education, Residency, Fellowships and more.

Collaboration, Clinical Trials, New Discoveries.

High tech, compassionate care.

The University of Utah School of Medicine combines excellence in teaching, research, and clinical expertise to train tomorrow’s physicians for the rapidly changing world of medicine. With a faculty of more than 1,000 physicians and researchers and 22 clinical and basic-science departments, the School of Medicine trains the majority of Utah physicians, whether it’s to receive an M.D. degree, residency or fellowship specialty training. The School of Medicine also is widely recognized for interdisciplinary research in the genetics of disease, cancer, biomedical informatics, infectious diseases, and other areas of leading-edge medicine.

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School of Medicine – University of Utah – School of …

WebMD – Better information. Better health.

Quiz: When kids are stressed, they tend to act out with negative behavior. Which of these is not a common stress-related behavior?

The correct answer is: Testicular

Sleeping is not a common negative behavior related to kids’ stress. From the WebMD Survey: 43% of parents said their children argued more; 37% reported increased crying or whining; 34% said children appeared worried or anxious.

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WebMD – Better information. Better health.

Medications Information – Index of drug monographs …

ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors-Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors are used to treat high blood pressure. They cause the blood vessels to relax and become larger and, as a result, blood pressure is lowered. When blood pressure is reduced, the heart has an easier time pumping blood. This is especially beneficial when the heart is failing. ACE inhibitors also cause the process of hypertensive- and diabetes-related kidney diseases to slow down and prevent early deaths associated with high blood pressure. ACE inhibitors cannot be taken during pregnancy since they may cause birth defects. Generic ACE inhibitors are available.

acetaminophen (brand name: Tylenol)-A pain reliever and fever reducer. The exact mechanism of action of acetaminophen is not known. Acetaminophen relieves pain by elevating the pain threshold (that is, by requiring a greater amount of pain to develop before it is felt by a person). Acetaminophen reduces fever through its action on the heat-regulating center of the brain. Generic is available.

alprazolam (brand name: Xanax)- A benzodiazepine sedative that causes dose-related depression of the central nervous system. Alprazolam is useful in treating anxiety, panic attacks, insomnia, and muscle spasms. Generic is available.

amoxicillin (brand names: Amoxil, Polymox, Trimox)-An antibiotic of the penicillin type that is effective against different bacteria such as Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria gonorrhoea, Escherichia coli, Pneumococci, Streptococci, and certain strains of Staphylococci, particularly infections of the middle ear, tonsillitis, throat infections, laryngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Amoxicillin is also used in treating urinary tract infections, skin infections, and gonorrhea. Generic is available.

atenolol (brand name: Tenormin)-A medication that blocks the action of a portion of the involuntary nervous system that stimulates the pace of the heartbeat. By blocking the action of these nerves, atenolol reduces the heart rate and is useful in treating abnormally rapid heart rhythms. Atenolol also reduces the force of heart muscle contraction, lowers blood pressure, and is helpful in treating angina. It is also used for the prevention of migraine headaches and the treatment of certain types of tremors. Generic is available.

bupropion (brand names: Wellbutrin, Zyban, Wellbutrin SR)-An antidepressant medication that affects chemicals within the brain that nerves use to send messages to each other. These chemical messengers are called neurotransmitters. The neurotransmitters that are released by nerves are taken up again by the nerves that release them for reuse (referred to as reuptake). Many experts believe that depression is caused by an imbalance among the amounts of neurotransmitters that are released. Bupropion is unrelated to other antidepressants. It works by inhibiting the reuptake of the neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine, resulting in more of these chemicals being available to transmit messages to other nerves. Bupropion is unique in that its major effect is on dopamine. Wellbutrin and Wellbutrin SR are used for the management of depression. Zyban has been approved as an aid to patients who want to quit smoking. Generic is not available.

cephalexin (brand names: Keflex, Keftabs)-A semisynthetic cephalosporin antibiotic that is chemically similar to penicillin. Cephalexin is effective against a wide variety of bacterial organisms, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Escherichia coli, particular involving infections of the middle ear, tonsillitis, throat infections, laryngitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Cephalexin is also used in treating urinary tract infections and skin and bone infections. Generic is available.

ciprofloxacin (brand name: Cipro)-An antibiotic that stops multiplication of bacteria by inhibiting the reproduction and repair of their genetic material (DNA). Ciprofloxacin is used to treat infections of the skin, lungs, airways, bones, and joints that are caused by susceptible bacteria. Ciprofloxacin is also frequently used to treat urinary infections caused by bacteria such as Escherichia coli. Ciprofloxacin is effective in treating infectious diarrheas caused by E. coli, Campylobacter jejuni, and shigella bacteria. Generic is not available.

citalopram (brand name: Celexa)-An antidepressant medication that affects neurotransmitters, the chemical messengers within the brain. Neurotransmitters manufactured and released by nerves attach to adjacent nerves and alter their activities. Thus, neurotransmitters can be thought of as the communication system of the brain. Many experts believe that an imbalance among neurotransmitters is the cause of depression. Citalopram works by preventing the uptake of one neurotransmitter, serotonin, by nerve cells after it has been released. The reduced uptake caused by citalopram results in more free serotonin being available in the brain to stimulate nerve cells. Citalopram is in the class of drugs called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Generic is not available.

clonazepam (Klonopin)-Used to treat anxiety, clonazepam works by enhancing the response to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain, a neurotransmitter that inhibits the activity of many parts of the brain. It is believed that too much activity can lead to anxiety. By enhancing the response to GABA, clonazepam inhibits activity in the brain and relieves the short-term symptoms of anxiety. Clonazepam should not be taken during pregnancy, as the effects are known to cause damage to the fetus. More than half of those who take clonazepam experience the side effect of sedation. Generic clonazepam is available.

codeine (brand name: Empirin 2, 3, 4, Tylenol 2, 3, 4, Tylenol with Codeine Elixir)-Codeine is a pain reliever used to temporarily relieve mild to severe pain. Codeine has the ability to impair thinking and physical ability necessary for driving, and, when combined with alcohol, the impairment can be worsened. Those taking codeine have the ability to become dependent on the drug mentally and physically. Those patients allergic to aspirin and pregnant mothers should not take codeine. Codeine often is combined with acetaminophen (Tylenol) or aspirin to add to its effectiveness. Side effects of codeine include light-headedness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, shortness of breath, and sedation. Generic codeine is available.

doxycycline (brand name: Vibramycin)-A synthetic broad-spectrum antibiotic that is derived from tetracycline and is effective against a wide variety of bacteria, such as Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia psittaci, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Neisseria gonorrhoea. Doxycycline is particularly helpful for treating respiratory tract infections and for treating nongonococcal urethritis (due to ureaplasma), Rocky mountain spotted fever, typhus, chancroid, cholera, brucellosis, anthrax, syphilis, and acne. Generic is available.

fluoxetine (brand name: Prozac)-A class of antidepressant medications that affects chemical messengers within the brain. These chemical messengers are called neurotransmitters. Many experts believe that an imbalance in these neurotransmitters is the cause of depression. Fluoxetine is used in the treatment of depression and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Fluoxetine is believed to work by inhibiting the release of or affecting the action of serotonin. Generic is available.

hydrocodone/acetaminophen (brand names: Vicodin, Vicodin ES, Anexsia, Lorcet, Lorcet Plus, Norco)-A narcotic pain reliever and a cough suppressant that is similar to codeine and is used for the relief of moderate to moderately severe pain. The precise mechanism of pain relief by hydrocodone and other narcotics is not known. Acetaminophen is a nonnarcotic pain reliever and fever reducer. It relieves pain by elevating the pain threshold and reduces fever through its action on the heat-regulating center of the brain. Generic is available.

hydroxyzine (brand names: Vistaril, Atarax)-An antihistamine with anticholinergic (drying) and sedative properties that is used to treat allergic reactions and to relieve nasal and nonnasal symptoms such as those from seasonal allergic rhinitis. Histamine is released by the body during several types of allergic reactions and to a lesser extent during some viral infections, such as the common cold. When histamine binds to its receptors on cells, it causes changes within the cells that lead to sneezing, itching, and increased mucus production. Antihistamines compete with histamine for cell receptors; however, when they bind to the receptors, antihistamines do not stimulate the cells. In addition, antihistamines prevent histamine from binding and stimulating the cells. Generic is available.

ibuprofen (brand names: Advil, Motrin, Medipren, Nuprin)-A traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is effective in treating fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. As a group, NSAIDs are nonnarcotic relievers of mild to moderate pain of many causes, including injury, menstrual cramps, arthritis, and other musculoskeletal conditions. Generic is available.

levothyroxine sodium (brand names: Synthroid, Levoxyl, Levothroid, Unithroid)-A synthetic version of the principal thyroid hormone thyroxine (T4), which is made and released by the thyroid gland. Levothyroxine sodium is used to treat hypothyroidism and to suppress thyroid hormone release in the management of cancerous thyroid nodules and growth of goiters. Thyroid hormone increases the metabolic rate of cells of all tissues in the body. Thyroid hormone helps to maintain brain function, food metabolism, and body temperature, among other effects. Generic is available.

lisinopril (brand name: Zestril, Prinivil)-Lisinopril is an ACE inhibitor that works to lower blood pressure by relaxing and enlarging blood vessels. It also is used to treat heart failure. Lisinopril should be taken at the same time each day in order to ensure consistent blood levels. Pregnant mothers should avoid lisinopril, and it is important to avoid taking lisinopril within two hours of an antacid since antacid binds the lisinopril and prevents it from being absorbed into the body. Side effects of lisinopril include dizziness that is felt when the blood pressure begins to drop, and kidney damage as well. Those taking potassium supplements or diuretics that cause potassium to be retained by the body should not take lisinopril because blood potassium levels may rise to dangerously high levels. Generic lisinopril is available.

lithium (brand name: Lithobid)-Since the 1950s, lithium has been used in the treatment of bipolar disorder as well as depression. Lithium is a mineral that has a positive charge, similar to sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. It works by interfering inside cells with other minerals with positive charges such as potassium, calcium and magnesium. Lithium impacts the brain by affecting both the concentrations of tryptophan and serotonin within the brain’s cells, and neurotransmitters, chemical messengers that nerves use to communicate with each other. It is recommended that lithium be taken together with food. The full clinical effects of lithium are seen about 2-3 weeks after beginning treatment. Goiters of the thyroid gland develop in one out of every 25 persons taking lithium. Generic lithium is available.

lorazepam (brand names: Ativan)-An antianxiety medication in the benzodiazepine family. Lorazepam and other benzodiazepines act by enhancing the effects of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain. GABA is a neurotransmitter, a chemical that nerves in the brain use to send messages to one another. GABA inhibits activity in many of the nerves of the brain, and it is thought that this excessive activity is what causes anxiety and other psychological disorders. Lorazepam has fewer interactions with other medications and is felt to be potentially less toxic than most of the other benzodiazepines. Lorazepam is also used to treat insomnia and panic attacks. Generic is available.

meloxicam (brand name: Mobic)-Meloxicam is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is used in the treatment of inflammation due to osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Meloxicam, like other NSAIDs, reduces the pain, tenderness and swelling caused by inflammation by preventing the formation of chemicals that contribute to inflammation. Individuals who are prone to asthma attacks, hives or have an allergy to aspirin and other NSAIDs should not take meloxicam. Aspirin should not be taken with meloxicam as such a combination raises the risk for developing ulcers of the stomach or small intestine. Generic meloxicam is available..

metformin (brand name: Glucophage)-Approved by the FDA in 1994, metformin is used to lower blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes in adults and children. Metformin also reduces complications of diabetes including heart disease, blindness and kidney disease. When used alone, metformin does not increase insulin levels in the blood and, therefore, does not result in extremely low blood glucose levels. Metformin increases the effects that insulin has on the liver, muscle, fat, and other tissues. As a result, the reduced levels of insulin have more of an effect than they otherwise would. Metformin also has been used to prevent diabetes from worsening and also has been used to treat polycystic ovaries. Side effects of metformin include nausea, vomiting, gas, bloating, diarrhea, and loss of appetite. Generic metformin is available.

methotrexate (brand names: Rheumatrex, Trexall)-A drug that is capable of blocking the metabolism of cells (an antimetabolite). As a result of this effect, methotrexate has been found to be helpful in treating certain diseases associated with abnormally rapid cell growth, such as cancer of the breast and psoriasis. Recently, methotrexate has been shown to be effective in inducing miscarriage (for example, in patients with ectopic pregnancy). This effect of methotrexate is attributed to its action of killing the rapidly growing cells of the placenta. Methotrexate has also been found to be very helpful in treating rheumatoid arthritis, although its mechanism of action in this illness is not known. Methotrexate seems to work, in part, by altering aspects of immune function that may play a role in causing rheumatoid arthritis. Generic is available.

methylprednisolone (brand name: Medrol, Depo-Medrol)-Methylprednisolone is a synthetic corticosteroid that is used to reduce inflammation in inflammatory diseases such as arthritis, lupus, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. The body produces corticosteroids naturally in the adrenal glands. Methylprednisolone may be used during pregnancy as it does not cause abnormalities in the fetus. However, using methylprednisolone for long periods of time can cause the body to stop producing its own corticosteroids. This can lead to a serious problem, i.e., inadequate amounts of corticosteroids, if the methylprednisolone is stopped for any reason. Generic methylprednisolone is available.

metoprolol (brand names: Lopressor, Toprol XL)-A medication that blocks the action of a portion of the involuntary nervous system. The sympathetic nervous system stimulates the pace of the heart beat. By blocking the action of these nerves, metoprolol reduces the heart rate and is useful in treating abnormally rapid heart rhythms. Metoprolol also reduces the force of heart muscle contraction, lowers blood pressure, and is helpful in treating angina. Generic is available.

metronidazole (brand name: Flagyl)-Metronidazole is an antibiotic used to fight infections caused by a class of bacteria called anaerobic bacteria as well as some parasites. Metronidazole is used for infections of the small intestine, amebic liver abscesses, dysentery and trichomonas vaginal infections. It also is used to treat infections of the colon caused by the bacterium, Clostridium difficile. Taking metronidazole with alcohol is dangerous as it can cause nausea, vomiting, cramps, flushing and headache. Pregnant mothers and nursing mothers should not use metronidazole. Side effects of metronidazole, although they are few, include seizures and nerve damage that can lead to numbness and tingling of the hands and feet. Generic metronidazole is available.

naproxen (brand names: Naprosyn, Naprelan, Anaprox, Aleve)-A traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) that is effective in treating fever, pain, and inflammation in the body. As a group, NSAIDs are nonnarcotic relievers of mild to moderate pain of many causes, including injury, menstrual cramps, arthritis, and other musculoskeletal conditions. Generic is available.

phentermine (brand names: Adipex-P, Fastin, Obenix, Oby-Trim)-An appetite suppressor that decreases appetite by possibly changing brain levels of serotonin. Phentermine is a nervous system stimulator like the amphetamines, causing stimulation, elevation of blood pressure, and increased heart rates. Phentermine is used for short periods, along with diet and behavior modification, to treat obesity. Generic is available.

prednisone (brand names: Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Prednisolone, Pediapred Oral Liquid, Medrol)-An oral, synthetic corticosteroid that is used for suppressing the immune system and inflammation. Synthetic corticosteroids mimic the action of cortisol (hydrocortisone), the naturally occurring corticosteroid that is produced in the body by the adrenal glands. Corticosteroids have many effects on the body, but they most often are used for their potent anti-inflammatory effects, particularly in conditions in which the immune system plays an important role. Such conditions include arthritis, colitis, asthma, bronchitis, certain skin rashes, and allergic or inflammatory conditions of the nose and eyes. Generic is available.

tramadol (brand name: Ultram)-A pain reliever (analgesic) that is used in the management of moderate to moderately severe pain. Its mode of action resembles that of narcotics, but tramadol has significantly less potential for abuse and addiction than narcotics. Tramadol is as effective as narcotics in relieving pain, but it does not depress respiration, which is a side effect of most narcotics. Generic is not available.

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Medications Information – Index of drug monographs …

Medicine dictionary definition | medicine defined


(third-person singular simple present medicines, present participle medicining, simple past and past participle medicined)

Middle English medicin, from Old French, from Latin medicna (the healing art, medicine, a physician’s shop, a remedy, medicine”), feminine of medicinus (of or belonging to physic or surgery, or to a physician or surgeon”), from medicus (a physician, surgeon”), from medeor (I heal”).

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Medicine dictionary definition | medicine defined

Journal home : Nature Medicine

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Justin Guinney, Rodrigo Dienstmann, Xin Wang, Aurlien de Reynis, Andreas Schlicker, Charlotte Soneson, Laetitia Marisa, Paul Roepman, Gift Nyamundanda, Paolo Angelino, Brian M Bot, Jeffrey S Morris, Iris M Simon, Sarah Gerster, Evelyn Fessler, Felipe De Sousa E Melo, Edoardo Missiaglia, Hena Ramay, David Barras, Krisztian Homicsko, Dipen Maru, Ganiraju C Manyam, Bradley Broom, Valerie Boige, Beatriz Perez-Villamil, Ted Laderas, Ramon Salazar, Joe W Gray, Douglas Hanahan, Josep Tabernero, Rene Bernards, Stephen H Friend, Pierre Laurent-Puig, Jan Paul Medema, Anguraj Sadanandam, Lodewyk Wessels, Mauro Delorenzi, Scott Kopetz, Louis Vermeulen & Sabine Tejpar

An international consortium of colorectal cancer researchers undertakes a large-scale data sharing project to achieve a consensus molecular classification of colorectal cancers.

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Journal home : Nature Medicine

University of Illinois College of Medicine, campuses locate…

College of Medicine Commencement 2015

Pride, Joy and Eyes on the Future

Convocations for the Peoria, Rockford and Urbana-Champaign College of Medicine campuses celebrated the achievements of the students graduating from each site. The University of Illinois is among the largest medical schools graduating classes in the United States.

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University of Illinois College of Medicine, campuses locate…

Medicine – HowStuffWorks

Are Army medics and doctors on the front lines?

In the U.S. Army, new enlistees who want to save lives may find their calling as medics, and seasoned doctors pledge years of their life to saving men and women in uniform. But are Army medics and doctors on the front lines? Do they face enemy fire?

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Arts in Medicine – UAB Medicine

Creative Approaches to Healing Inspire Patients and Clinicians About half of American hospitals have some form of arts programming. Most take the form of art or music therapy, where trained professionals work with patients to achieve specific therapeutic goals. (UAB Hospital has had a music therapy program for about 15 years.) But a growing number of medical centersUAB Hospital is the first in Alabamaalso are implementing the more comprehensive AIM model.

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Arts in Medicine – UAB Medicine