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The Libertarian Party (LP) is your representative in American politics.We are the only political organization which respects you as a unique and responsible individual.

The Platform is our official statement on issues. It is edited and adopted every two years.

As Libertarians, we seek a world of liberty a world in which all individuals are sovereign over their own lives and no one is forced to sacrifice his or her values.

We believe that respect for individual rights is the essential precondition for a free and prosperous world, that force and fraud must be banished from human relationships, and that only through freedom can peace and prosperity be realized.

What do Libertarians have in common with liberals? What do Libertarians have in common with conservatives? Findanswers to these and other frequently-asked-questions here.

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John McAfee – Be a Libertarian!


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John McAfee – Be a Libertarian!


We are developing the social individualist meta-context for the future. From the very serious to the extremely frivolous… lets see what is on the mind of the Samizdata people.

Samizdata, derived from Samizdat /n. – a system of clandestine publication of banned literature in the USSR [Russ.,= self-publishing house]

Patsy Cornwallis-West was at one time mistress to the Prince of Wales, the future Edward VII. By the First World War she was a woman in her fifties married to a highly respectable retired colonel in his late seventies.

Her son, George, married one Jennie Jerome, mother of one Winston Churchill before marrying one Mrs Patrick Campbell. But thats another story.

It would appear that Mrs Cornwallis-West was not entirely satisfied with her septugenarian husband and developed a more than ordinary interest in a young officer recently promoted from the ranks and recently wounded. When the young officer failed to reciprocate she started to pull strings. One of these strings was attached to the Quartermaster General.

Soon afterwards, the officer found that he had been transferred to another battalion. This may not sound like a big deal to you or me but it was clearly a huge deal to everyone involved at the time. My guess is that soldiers are deeply attached to their battalions especially when theres a war on.

This was not the end of the matter. Questions were asked in Parliament and I kid you not a special Act the Army (Courts of Inquiry) Act was passed to create a committee to look into this one case (well, two actually, but the other one doesnt concern us). The upshot was that the junior officer was exonerated, his commanding officer fired, Cornwallis-West censured and the Quartermaster General, ahem, informed of the displeasure of the government.

That such an effort could be made to secure justice in the middle of a war for a single subaltern who for all I know got killed anyway and may well not even have had the vote is staggering. And magnificent.

Which brings us on to the linked article. The Quartermaster General concerned was a chap called Sir John Cowans. The job he had in supplying the biggest army in British history was immense. And it would appear that he was very good at it. Clearly, scandal or no scandal, a lot of people wanted to keep him in his post. Hence (probably) this article from the Times Military Correspondent singing his praises.

The Times 5 January 1917 p3

I particularly liked this bit:

For example, when the frost-bite first became a danger, an urgent demand for a new anti-frost-bite grease reached him from France late one Monday night. On Tuesday morning he had assembled the chief tallow merchants at his office, and by the Thursday night thousands of tins of this new remedy were on their way to France.

Justice was one thing but the heavens falling was another.

The idea that an economist is an expert even in Economics is a dubious one. I would like to see two control groups shadowing every team of expert economists one making random predictions, the other a group of astrologers. After five years we compare their predictions for accuracy.

Samizdata commenter Rob

As I work away at a talk I am to give tomorrow evening at Christian Michels, I am also, of course, wandering about in the www. And during the latest wandering I was provoked into thinking about another talk, one that I will be hosting rather than giving, on the last Friday of February. Marc Sidwell will, that evening, be speaking about: Twilight of the Wonks? Promoting freedom in a post-expert world.

This rather witty cartoon, which I came across here, is very pertinent to Marc Sidwells talk, I think:

This cartoon is now to be seen all over the www, partly because, I surmise, both sides of the argument that it alludes to are drawing attention to it. The Clintonians are pointing at it and saying: there, look at those silly Trumpsters, all voting to crash and burn America. And the Trumpsters are pointing at it, and saying: look at those smug liberals assuming that they are better at flying the airplane of government, in the way that a pilot obviously is better than his mere passengers at flying an actual airplane. They just dont get it, blah blah.

The point being: there is being an expert, where you actually do know essential stuff. And then there is being an expert, where what you say you know or think you know aint necessarily so.

Personally I favoured and favour Trump, partly because I put Hillary Clinton into the latter category, of being an expert with sneer quotes rather than without them. She has a long career of crashing whatever metaphorical airplanes she flies, her email fiasco being only one of the more recent of such crashes. Crashing rather than flying is what she is expert at. And her speeches over the airplane intercom only convince those already convinced. Many feel the exact same way about Trump, but my impression, reinforced both by his campaign and by how he has conducted himself since his campaign ended in victory, is that when it comes to being less un-expert, Trump wins compared to Clinton. We shall see.

I also prefer, with all the usual libertarian reservations, the ideological agenda that Trump, almost despite himself, is now dragging into greater prominence. The agenda (see this gigantic crash) that Clinton would have kept in great prominence is one I that detest.

I will now send the link to this posting to Marc Sidwell. If you would like to learn more about attending the meetings I host every month, and/or those that Christian Michel hosts, email me by clicking on where it says Contact, top left, here.

LATER: See also what Instapundit says.

The Times 4 January 1917 p7

I recommend this essay by Jack Staples-Butler for his HistoryJack blog, Starvation and Silence: The British Left and Moral Accountability for Venezuela.

DENIAL in the face of catastrophic failure of ones ideas is a predictable reaction from a believer, as per Leon Festingers theory of cognitive dissonance reduction in response to the failure of ones beliefs. Denial in the face of shame for ones actions is an experience well-studied by psychologists and criminologists. One 2014 study summarises the role of shame in creating both denial of responsibility and recidivism among offenders:

Feelings of shame involve a painful feeling directed toward the self. For some people, feelings of shame lead to a defensive response, a denial of responsibility, and a need to blame others a process that can lead to aggression.[1]

Combining both faces of the phenomenon of denial is the behaviour of the supporters, apologists and promoters of the Bolivarian Revolution, the late Hugo Chvez and the PSUV regime in Venezuela, and their response to the present state of the country. Humanitarian catastrophe of an apocalyptic scale is now unfolding in the most oil-rich state in the world. The magnitude of human suffering is indescribable. The scenes of bread queues and shortages familiar to Eurozone-crisis Greece are long since surpassed. Venezuela has become a Starvation State[2] which today drowns in a humanitarian crisis, with lawless cities and hunger for the majority.


The Chvez apologists are confronted with two cognitively distressing facts; that a favoured political project has failed, dragging millions into an abyss of hunger and despair in the process; and that they played an instrumental or even essential role in bringing this state of affairs about, whilst enabling the regime responsible to suppress and destroy its opposition by legitimising and even providing its conspiratorial narrative, pro bono. What is most striking in the Western socialist lefts response to Venezuelas agony is the absence of response.

The vacuum of recognition or even acknowledgement in the face of disaster is followed by an absence of moral accountability. Knowing full-well that Venezuela is still there, suffering beyond measure, those who involved themselves intimately in the politics of a South American republic now conduct their lives as if nothing had happened. In a devastating article, the writer Paul Canning named this as The lefts giant forgetting[16]. Venezuela has become a collective unperson to those who formerly proclaimed it an example for humanitys emulation; although tacit recognition of their previous behaviour is found in some of the apologists, as in Labour leader Jeremy Corbyns deletion of any reference to Venezuela from his website in March 2016, after two decades of promoting the Chavismo ideology in articles, demonstrations and media appearances.

Bookmark the essay. It would take some time to follow all the many references and links provided by the author, but they are a resource in themselves. This one, about the ambiguous and contradictory testimonies given by two British Communist veterans of the Spanish Civil War decades later, caught my interest.

The logical end-point in the reach of government is either state ownership of all private property, which is communism, or state control over what people do with their property, which is fascism. With communism discredited, the world is moving inexorably towards the latter. Every business is regulated in some way or other, and economic freedom is being progressively restricted with ever-tightening regulations.

Alasdair Macleod

Recently a friend who works for the BBC asked if I knew of any good general interest but topical stories coming up any time soon, and I said that when they finally finish London Gateway, the new container port now being constructed and even already slightly used, on the north bank of the Thames Estuary, that will be made a big fuss of.

She then told me about a series that the BBC World Service is doing about 50 Things That Made the Modern Economy. I said that the Container certainly should be one of these Things. She later determined that the Shipping Container does indeed feature in this series, and she sent me that link. Amazing what a difference an email with a link makes to your willingness to attend to something.

This piece about the Shipping Container lasted under ten minutes, and, although I had heard most of the story before, I liked it. So I then sampled a couple of the other Things, about which I knew less and nothing, namely: the Barcode, and the Haber-Bosch Process. The latter is for turning the nitrogen in the air into fertiliser.

The next Thing I listen to will be Concrete. I already know what concrete is, but I expect to learn a lot more, about it, and about what it did to and does for the world. Made life a lot easier for farmers, apparently. Which, to a townee like me, is one of those many things which is obvious, but only if someone makes me think about it.

Recommended. An economist and economic historian by the name of Tim Harford has done a number of these Thing broadcasts, including the ones about the Container and about the Barcode. He is already very well known, but not so well known to me. But, I can already tell you that he also is to be recommended, going only by how he talks about these Things.

LATER: See also this earlier posting here, about similar Things.

Julia Reda, a German Pirate Party MEP, has issued this list of 10 everyday things on the web the EU Commission wants to make illegal.

In a few days, scandal-prone Gnther Oettinger will stop being Europes top internet policy maker hes being promoted to oversee the EU budget.

But before leaving, the outgoing Digital Commissioner submitted dangerous plans that undermine two core foundations of the internet: Links and file uploads. While Oettinger is going away, his lobby-dictated proposals are here to stay.

These proposals are pandering to the demands of some news publishers to charge search engines and social networks for sending traffic their way (yes, you read that right), as well as the music industrys wish to be propped up in its negotiations with YouTube.

These proposals will cause major collateral damage making many everyday habits on the web and many services you regularly use downright illegal, subject to fees or, at the very least, mired in legal uncertainty.

Not that the UK government needs the EUs assistance to pass stupid and repressive laws about the internet, but if Ms Reda is correct about what this proposed law means, and it is ever enacted, that will be ten more things to paste into my better off out file. Quite possibly it would be the progenitor of many more better off out files created by angry internet users all over Europe. But I admit that do not know enough to judge whether these proposed measures are likely to come to pass, or would really be as bad as she says, or whether there is anything to be said in their favour.

I am always on the lookout for elevated platforms, natural or artificial, to look out over London from, and to take photos from. And as luck would have it, one of my favourite such platforms is one that I live directly under. Yes, if I go up to the roof of my block of flats, I can see, and I can photo, things like this:

That thing being the MI6 Building, made famous by the Bond movies. In the Bond movie that they were showing on Brit TV earlier this very evening, this building suffered an explosion. Dame Judi Dench looked on, aghast.

Another entertaining thing to be seen from this spot is the new US Embassy, now nearing completion just up river, as luck would have it, from the MI6 Building. Those peculiar structures sticking out to the side, on both sides as we look in the photo below, intrigue me. Officially they are sunshades. So, nothing to do with stopping people from eavesdropping? Absolutely not. Never crossed their minds. Mind you, there wont be any such structure on the windows facing us, so maybe this is true. But, I prefer to believe otherwise:

All around this new US Embassy there is a huge building boom in progress. That Special Relationship that people keep saying is about to end remains pretty special, I would say.

Whereas the cranes working away around the above building are there to build it, the crane in this next picture is there to dismantle the big block of a building that we see. This is New Scotland Yard. The Metropolitan Police have already moved out, to an even Newer Scotland Yard, nearer to the river.

Next up, the two familiar towers attached to the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben and , you know, the other one. On the far side of the river but directly in line, The Wheel.

Finally, here are two snaps of how the same bit of the skyline was looking last night, just after midnight. I had guests with me last night, and after we had counted in the new year while watching these fireworks on the telly, I suddenly realised that we could see these same fireworks for real, if we just ran up a few staircases, and provided the fireworks kept on going for a bit. Which we did and they did:

Such is the quality of the cameras on mobile phones these days that several of my guests were also able to take photos.

In the above picture, The Wheel is totally blotted out, but in this final picture, you can clearly see it:

All of this was in aid of everyone wishing everyone else a Happy New Year, and I wish that to all my fellow Samizdatistas, and to everyone else who reads this.

An assortment of presumably minor left-statist American figures have been howling about Milo Yiannopulis getting his book published, presumably deciding that they should not just give Milo more publicity, but given that they are of the ilk Milo targets, they should endorse his book by loudly reacting with horror to it. To be honest I have no idea who the hell Judd Apatow or Sarah Silverman actually are, and I cannot be bothered to even stick their names in DuckDuckGo to find out, but the fact they are annoyed by Milo means I doubt I would care to invite them around for a G&T.

2016 has been a momentous year, the most earthshaking event being Brexit in my opinion. Trump is interesting but ultimately the underpinning structure of the USA today will be more or less the same when Trump leaves office. Like all presidents, he is a transitory political figure. He may (or may not) prove to be a significant player in the on-going culture wars, but we will just have to wait and see.

Brexit on the other hand, like it or loath it, fundamentally changes the ground rules in the UK, and it may take some time before we understand what that shockwave has actually shaken loose. It presents dangers and opportunities for friends of liberty in almost equal measure.

Yes it really has been an interesting year and I suspect the impending one will be filled with interesting times.

So allow me to wish readers of Samizdata a prosperous and hopefully freer new year in 2017. Let us not be unduly careful out there

Oh dear! Sir James Munby has had ever such a clever idea. His friend Frances Gibb has written a story about it for the newspaper. But they have both forgotten something very important. Can you help them find it?

Family courts chief calls for ban on abusers cross-examining victims

Abusers should be banned from cross-examining victims of domestic violence as a priority, says Englands most senior family judge.

Sir James Munby is pressing ministers to legislate to stop such cross-examinations, which still happen despite efforts by senior judges to prevent them.

The president of the family division, who raised the issue in 2014 amid concerns over the stress that such questioning puts on victims, is dismayed at the lack of action. He argues that the family justice system lags woefully behind the criminal justice system where cross-examination of an alleged victim by the defendant is not allowed by law.

In a statement today Sir James said that he would welcome a ban, adding: Reform is required as a matter of priority.

He added: But the judiciary cannot provide this because it requires primary legislation and would involve public expenditure. It is therefore a matter for ministers.

Senior judges are in talks with Womens Aid, a charity that helps victims of domestic violence, to try to have the practice banned.

A spokesman for the judiciary added that Sir James, who is president of the family division of the High Court, was disappointed by how slow the response to these issues has been and welcomes the continuing efforts by Womens Aid to bring these important matters to wider public attention.

Judges and womens groups are discussing the workings of the existing rules, contained in a practice direction which has been reviewed by a senior family judge, Mr Justice Cobb. Cross-examination by violent partners has continued, despite the practice direction.

A survey by Womens Aid found that a quarter of victims of domestic violence had been cross-examined by abusive partners.

Polly Neate, chief executive of Womens Aid, told The Guardian: When we talk to judges about this they say that this never happens. But it is happening, that is clear, and it seems fairly difficult to get this across.

Concerns about cross-examination of vulnerable witnesses were raised by Sir James more than two years ago, prompting the setting up of a working party to deal with what was described as a pressing need.

The working party reported in 2014, condemning procedures for taking evidence from alleged victims as inadequate and pointing out that one High Court judge, Mr Justice Wood, had drawn attention to the issue as long ago as 2006.

Research by an all-party parliamentary group on domestic violence found that 55 per cent of women had no access to special measures in family courts, where 70 per cent of separation and child contact cases involve some form of domestic violence.

The groups report, in April, called for an end to abusers cross-examining victims and was backed by two MPs, Jess Phillips and Maria Miller, who launched a joint call for action. The all-party group said it had launched its inquiry after becoming increasingly concerned concerned about the safety of women and child survivors of domestic abuse within the family courts.

The Samizdata people are a bunch of sinister and heavily armed globalist illuminati who seek to infect the entire world with the values of personal liberty and several property. Amongst our many crimes is a sense of humour and the intermittent use of British spelling.

We are also a varied group made up of social individualists, classical liberals, whigs, libertarians, extropians, futurists, Porcupines, Karl Popper fetishists, recovering neo-conservatives, crazed Ayn Rand worshipers, over-caffeinated Virginia Postrel devotees, witty Frdric Bastiat wannabes, cypherpunks, minarchists, kritarchists and wild-eyed anarcho-capitalists from Britain, North America, Australia and Europe.

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Ron Paul .com

What to expect in the New Year? Ron Paul has some ideas. Tune in to our year-end Liberty Report! And Happy New Year!!! crosslinked

A year-end edition of Ask Ron Paul, where we turn to our viewers to pose the questions. We had a good crop of questions this time around!

Legendary Pentagon analyst and whistleblower Chuck Spinney joins todays Liberty Report to explain the budget nightmares a President Trump will face at the Pentagon. Why do these weapons systems cost so much and perform so badly? Chuck knowsand tells.

The Electoral College system has been in the news in this very unusual election season. In a season of shocks, one of the biggest ones was an electoral college vote for Ron Paul, cast by Texas elector Bill Greene. Why

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We can be certain that another major financial crisis will arrive at some point. What is less certain is how people will react when the inevitable happens. A lot will depend on the dominant ideas that people are embracing at

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Student debt skyrockets. College costs are through the roof. Whats the source of the problem? The solution?

A series of bombings and the assassination of the Russian ambassador have left Turkey reeling. Does the meeting with Russian and Iranian foreign ministers in Moscow signal that Ankara is looking for a way out?

There is plenty of reporting about what is going on in Aleppo, but there are very few reporters. In todays Liberty Report we are joined live from Syria by independent journalist and researcher Vanessa Beeley for some rare on-the-ground reporting.

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This afternoon the Federal Reserve is expected to announce the first interest rate hike of the year and only the second since June, 2016. What do they base this on? Do they have the right data?

What happens when you combine tax cuts with massive increases in domestic and military spending? A debt tsunami. With the waters churning around Donald Trumps guns and butter approach, can Congress be counted on to step in and rein in

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Ron Paul .com

Who Is a Libertarian? | Foundation for Economic Education

Those of us who favor individual freedom with personal responsibility have been unable to agree upon a generally acceptable name for ourselves and our philosophy of liberty. This would be relatively unimportant except for the fact that the opposition will call us by some name, even though we might not desire to be identified by any name at all. Since this is so, we might better select a name with some logic instead of permitting the opposition to saddle us with an epithet.

Some of us call ourselves individualists, but others point out that the opposition often uses that word to describe a heartless person who doesnt care about the problems and aspirations of other people.

Some of us call ourselves conservatives, but that term describes many persons who base their approval of an institution more on its age than on its inherent worth.

Many of us call ourselves liberals. And it is true that the word liberal once described persons who respected the individual and feared the use of mass compulsions. But the leftists have now corrupted that once-proud term to identify themselves and their program of more government ownership of property and more controls over persons. As a result, those of us who believe in freedom must explain that when we call ourselves liberals, we mean liberals in the uncorrupted classical sense. At best, this is awkward and subject to misunderstanding.

Here is a suggestion: Let those of us who love liberty trade-mark and reserve for our own use the good and honorable word libertarian.

Websters New International Dictionary defines a libertarian as One who holds to the doctrine of free will; also, one who upholds the principles of liberty, esp. individual liberty of thought and action.

In popular terminology, a libertarian is the opposite of an authoritarian. Strictly speaking, a libertarian is one who rejects the idea of using violence or the threat of violencelegal or illegalto impose his will or viewpoint upon any peaceful person. Generally speaking, a libertarian is one who wants to be governed far less than he is today.

A libertarian believes that the government should protect all persons equally against external and internal aggression, but should otherwise generally leave people alone to work out their own problems and aspirations.

While a libertarian expects the government to render equal protection to all persons against outright fraud and misrepresentation, he doesnt expect the government to protect anyone from the consequences of his own free choices. A libertarian holds that persons who make wise choices are entitled to enjoy the fruits of their wisdom, and that persons who make unwise choices have no right to demand that the government reimburse them for their folly.

A libertarian expects his government to establish, support, and enforce the decisions of impartial courts of justicecourts which do not recognize or refer to a persons race, religion, or economic status. If justice is to be rendered, the decisions of these courts must be as binding upon government officials and their actions as upon other persons and their actions.

A libertarian respects the right of every person to use and enjoy his honestly acquired propertyto trade it, to sell it, or even to give it awayfor he knows that human liberty cannot long endure when that fundamental right is rejected or even seriously impaired.

A libertarian believes that the daily needs of the people can best be satisfied through the voluntary processes of a free and competitive market. And he holds the strong belief that free persons, using their own honestly acquired money, are in the best possible position to understand and aid their fellow men who are in need of help.

A libertarian favors a strictly limited form of government with many checks and balancesand divisions of authorityto foil the abuses of the fearful power of government. And generally speaking, he is one who sees less, rather than more, need to govern the actions of others.

A libertarian has much faith in himself and other free persons to find maximum happiness and prosperity in a society wherein no person has the authority to force any other peaceful person to conform to his viewpoints or desires in any manner. His way of life is based on respect for himself and for all others.

A libertarian doesnt advocate violent rebellion against prevailing governmentsexcept as a last resort before the concentration camps. But when a libertarian sees harm rather than good in certain acts of government, he is obligated to try his best to explain to others who advocate those measures why such compulsory means cannot bring the ends which even they desire.

The libertarians goal is friendship and peace with his neighbors at home and abroad.

It is not the difference in taste between individuals that Libertarians object to, but the forcing of ones tastes upon another.

Charles T. Sprading

The idea of governing by force another man, who I believe to be my equal in the sight of God, is repugnant to me. I do not want to do it. I do not want any one to govern me by any kind of force. I am a reasoning being, and I only need to be shown what is best for me, when I will take that course or do that thing simply because it is best, and so will you. I do not believe that a soul was ever forced toward anything except toward ruin.

Samuel Milton Jones

Liberty for the few is not liberty. Liberty for me and slavery for you means slavery for both.

Samuel Milton Jones

The institutions of civil liberty leave each man to run his career in life in his own way, only guaranteeing to him that whatever he does in the way of industry, economy, prudence, sound judgment, etc., shall redound to his welfare and shall not be diverted to someone elses benefit. Of course it is a necessary corollary that each man shall also bear the penalty of his own vices and his own mistakes.

We are told what fine things would happen if every one of us would go and do something for the welfare of somebody else; but why not contemplate also the immense gain which would ensue if everybody would do something for himself?

Wherever collective standards, codes, ideals, and motives take the place of individual responsibility, we know from ample experience that the spontaneity and independent responsibility which are essential to moral vigor are sure to be lost.

William Graham Sumner

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Who Is a Libertarian? | Foundation for Economic Education

The Libertarian Party Platform – A Quick Summary

By Tom Head

This is not a specific criticism of the Libertarian Party, mind you; the Democratic and Republican party platforms are much, much more turgid (to the point where they can’t be read in one sitting), much more vague (to the point where they often sound as if they’re advocating the same policies), and much more abstract (relying on Mom-and-apple-pie patriotic rhetoric instead of concrete policy proposals). But the difference is that the Democratic and Republican parties have enough money to pay people to run campaigns that give us an idea of what the parties stand for.

The Libertarian Party doesn’t have that much money, so I’m proud to present the world’s shortest platform summary of the party that brought you the World’s Shortest Political Quiz.

Fiscal Policy: Very right-libertarian. The Libertarian Party opposes taxation in pretty much all forms, and deals with the revenue loss by opposing entitlement programs in pretty much all forms. This means that people keep more of what they earn, but it also means that there is no social safety net. And ambitious new proposals–such as universal pre-kindergarten and universal health care–are obviously not compatible with this objective.

Corporations: Eliminate all federal subsidies to private corporations, as well as all antitrust laws.

Public Services: Eliminate the Postal Service. Transfer all government services, from public schools to landfills, to private ownership.

Property Rights: Would restrict public domain to immediate public use, and sell or give away most public property to private owners.

Criminal Justice: Would eliminate all antidrug laws and legalize prostitution. Would end random police roadblocks.

Free Speech: Would abolish the FCC and allow private ownership of broadcast frequencies. Opposes all restriction of free speech, including free speech restricted in the name of national security.

Church and State: Calls for reduced IRS regulation and monitoring of tax-exempt churches.

Second Amendment: Strongly opposes all gun control, as well as regulation of alternative weapon technologies (mace, Tasers, and so forth).

The Draft: Calls for the abolition of the Selective Service System and amnesty for any citizen who has ever resisted the draft.

Reproductive Rights: Pro-choice, but opposes all federal funding of abortion and most federal entitlements for women who choose to carry their pregnancies to term, including the child tax credit. Opposes involuntary or fraudulent sterilization.

LGBT Rights: Opposes “don’t ask, don’t tell.” Believes that marriage is a private contract, and should yield no government benefits regardless of the gender of the partners.

Immigrants’ Rights: Argues that borders should be open but surveilled–everyone who does not pose a threat to public health or national security should be allowed to enter the country legally. Would eliminate all federal benefits to undocumented immigrants.

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The Libertarian Party Platform – A Quick Summary

Libertarian Party Convention: Gary Johnson tested …

Johnson, who was also the party’s nominee in 2012, has been on the receiving end of attacks for his vice presidential pick, former Massachusetts Gov. Bill Weld. These attacks simmered through the audience at the party’s final presidential debate, the night before the Libertarians select their nominee.

Weld, a former Republican from a blue state, has had a difficult time pitching himself to the Libertarian convention. Many have been skeptical over Weld’s libertarian credentials, especially his record on gun control and support for Republican politicians. Prior to teaming up with Johnson, Weld had endorsed Republican Ohio Gov. John Kasich for President.

The debate among the candidates was civil throughout on stage, with the candidates eschewing attacks against one another in favor of attacks on the government and mainstream political parties.

In a potential preview of his general election campaign, Johnson rolled through a list of Trump’s policy positions, accenting each with the phrase “that’s just wrong.”

That move led to Johnson’s biggest applause line of the night, though the crowd was much more vocal about Johnson’s competitors, particularly Austin Petersen and Marc Feldman. Petersen is a young party activist with a sizable following online, and Feldman is an affable figure many convention goers, including Johnson, have praised.

The crowd exploded in approval during Feldman’s lengthy, passionate rap about Libertarianism.

Meanwhile, technology entrepreneur John McAfee, whose pre-debate ritual consisted of throwing a party replete with a light show, bass-heavy dance music and women dressed as butterflies on stilts, was non-combative during the debate despite a cryptic warning he offered ahead of the event.

“Whoever allowed me in this debate tonight made the worst mistake of their life,” McAfee told CNN in an interview.

But despite his aggressive words ahead of the debate, McAfee, like all the other candidates, stuck to the issues in a debate that was less about differentiating the candidates than it was about touting Libertarian beliefs.

Johnson got booed several times for offering less-than-purist libertarian positions, including saying he would have voted for the Civil Rights Act in 1964. He also said he favors that people continue to obtain licenses to drive cars — an idea that his fellow candidates disagreed with.

Given the backlash he has faced, Johnson responded to his critics within the party during a speech before the convention and repeatedly said in an interview he hopes Weld will end up as his running mate. Libertarians elect their presidential and vice presidential candidates separately.

“I am not an old white guy. And I am not Republican-light. I’m a Libertarian,” Johnson said.

Despite some Libertarian in-fighting, calls for party unity were a regular theme.

“Divided we may have been for this short time,” Petersen said, “We will present a united front against the forces of statism.”

The convention was not lacking in color. The hallways were buzzing with not only presidential candidates and their followers, but comic book characters attending Megacon 2016 and young girls dolled up in hairspray and leotards for a tap-dancing competition in the same venue.

Along with the eccentric party thrown by McAffee, candidates and other groups invited delegates to hospitality suites in the hotel. In room 261, convention goers and delegates drank beer as they carried out philosophical discussions and paused in glee to watch the TV whenever CNN switched to coverage of the convention. Some took photos of the screen. Others stepped out to smoke cigars.

The attention and hype around this year’s convention is unusual. Because the two frontrunners in the Democratic and Republican parties are so unpopular, libertarians are seeing flocks of disaffected voters show interest in a third party candidate.

“The people of America see Trump, they see Hillary, and a lot of them are throwing their hands up in the air and looking elsewhere,” said delegate Peter Rohrman of New Jersey.

Libertarians here are hoping the increased media attention will help alter the American public’s view of their party and debunk some of the stereotypes. Most here want to be seen as a thoughtful, diverse, and tolerant party with serious ideas.

Holding a can of Coca-Cola, Rohrman walked over to the window in the hospitality suite and pulled back the curtains.

“We’re looking outside here and I don’t see a single protester. Nobody’s upset that libertarians are here,” he said. “Nobody’s angry. Nobody’s throwing rocks. Libertarians are peaceful people. We just want everyone to get along and let people live life the way they want to live it.”

Alexis Walker, a 19-year-old student and delegate, specifically referenced Never Trump Republicans, saying many will start gravitating toward the Libertarian option.

“In a strange way,” she said. “I think Trump is a blessing in disguise.”

Libertarians are enjoying their moment in the spotlight, but the question is whether they can keep the lights on.

Some worry that Johnson lacks the charisma to take on Clinton and Trump in the general, citing his soft-spoken, laissez-faire style.

“Until we have somebody that is not going to be laughed off and has the ability to capture the attention of the nation, we’re still going to be thought of as the kiddy table of politics,” said Brandon Navom, a 35-year-old software engineer from Nashua, New Hampshire.

Navom, who was leaning towards voting for McAfee, said libertarians need to take a page out of the Trump playbook and learn to better appeal to voters’ emotions rather than their stances on issues.

“Libertarians think being logically right is enough. And it is not, because most people do not vote based upon logic,” he said. “Most base their decisions on emotions and so we need to capitalize on those emotions.”

Johnson, a more pragmatic libertarian than purist, is attempting to rely on his record as veto-heavy governor as a selling point. In the debate Saturday night, he invoked his experience in government in nearly every answer.

But in the Republican primary, at least, taking a record-heavy approach was an unsuccessful tactic for governors, as evidenced by the failed campaigns of Jeb Bush, Chris Christie, Scott Walker, and Rick Perry, among others.

“The reason why Trump was so successful is people got a concept of the problem. They understand our system is broken. They’re upset, they’re frustrated, right?” Navom said. “They feel betrayed by a system that is failing them. We need to have somebody who can take that same emotion and funnel it in our direction.

Johnson apologized this weekend for not being the most “articulate” messenger on libertarian issues, and many libertarians agree that he could use some help with his style.

Boyd Kendall, a delegate from Mississippi, said Johnson could benefit from “speech training” and that Weld had “joined the party too late.”

Aaron Barksdale, also from Mississippi, expressed concern about Johnson representing the party against Donald Trump.

“We need somebody that can hold his own, and I don’t believe Johnson is that guy,” Barksdale said.

But Johnson brushed off such criticism about his public speaking skills.

“I work as hard as I possibly can about that. You can always get better of course. Hey, life is constant improvement,” Johnson told CNN in an interview.

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Libertarian Party Convention: Gary Johnson tested …

Gary Johnson wins Libertarian presidential nomination, Weld …

At the party convention in Orlando, Florida, Johnson got his preferred running mate, former Massachusetts Gov. Bill Weld, in a weekend gathering that drew sharp contrasts with the major party candidates — Trump and Hillary Clinton, the likely Democratic nominee.

Johnson described the real estate mogul’s immigration policies as “just racist,” particularly the Republican’s call to deport 11 million undocumented people currently in the country.

Libertarian activists contend their ticket could play a pivotal role in the 2016 campaign, with Trump and Clinton both viewed unfavorably by large swaths of the electorate. Even grabbing a small percentage of the vote in key states could affect the Electoral College calculus.

Trump was a frequent target of criticism of many Libertarians at the weekend convention. In addition to immigration participants particularly took issue with Trump’s stated positions on international trade and national security — all of which stand in firm opposition to a party that tends to favor lax immigration restrictions, free trade and is skeptical of military intervention. Austin Petersen, one of the presidential candidates who lost to Johnson, called Trump a fascist, a term regularly echoed throughout the convention.

The Trump campaign did not immediately respond to a request for comment Sunday night.

Johnson was the party’s nominee in 2012 and once again won the position despite backlash from the party’s more radical Libertarian wing.

Weld, for his part, took a somewhat more nuanced tone toward the Libertarians’ rivals.

“Someone doesn’t have to be disaffected with Ms. Clinton to think that we have a good story,” Weld said. “One doesn’t have to be Never Trump to see that we were two of the most fiscally conservative governors in the United States.”

Thanking the Libertarian delegates after his victory, Johnson played up his general election chances.

“At a minimum, I think we’re in the presidential debates,” Johnson said to cheers.

Johnson also called for inclusion in more national polling surveys.

“This is another voice at the table,” Johnson said. “How about some skeptic at the table when it comes to these military interventions?”

In the first round of voting, Johnson reached 49.5 percent of the vote, according to the official party total, just shy of the majority needed for victory. His nearest opponents, Petersen and John McAfee, reached 21 and 14 percent respectively. On the second round of voting, Johnson clinched the nomination with 55.8 percent of the vote. But his preferred choice for the vice-presidential nomination, Weld, also came up just short of 50 percent on the first round of balloting, leading to a second vote, which he won with just over 50 percent of the vote.

Many Libertarian activists were skeptical of Weld, arguing his 1991-97 gubernatorial tenure saw too much growth in government and new gun control measures. But Johnson argued Weld could bring momentum and fundraising power to the Libertarian ticket, and the delegates obliged him.

“I pledge to you that I will stay with the Libertarian Party for life,” Weld said before the vice presidential nominating contest.

Johnson received almost 1 percent of the general election vote in 2012, but said that in a year of unpopular offerings from the Democratic and Republican parties, he stands a chance of breaking through.

The Libertarian Party is the only third party with ballot access in 50 states. This means Johnson will be the only alternative to Trump and Clinton available to all voters in this election.

Just before the nomination vote, Johnson said if he were to win the nomination, he would head to New York on Monday for media opportunities.

Johnson, who served as New Mexico governor as a Republican from 1995-2003, said too few people knew what a Libertarian is, and that his job is to change that.

Libertarian National Committee chair Nicholas Sarwark spoke to press following the nomination process, discussing the Libertarian Party’s outreach and fundraising efforts. Sarwark said the party had established a “back channel” to the Koch brothers, in the hopes the wealthy libertarian-leaning funders donate to the Libertarian Party. Sarwark also said he had been speaking to Matt Kibbe, former president of conservative advocacy group Freedomworks, about supporting the party’s nominee.

The convention at times got rowdy. Many candidates issued lengthy protests and changed strategies throughout the day. Delegates stormed through the halls with signs and chants. At one point, a man did a striptease on stage until he sat before the audience — and live television — in nothing but his underwear.

“Never underestimate the ability of Libertarians to shoot themselves in the foot,” said Christopher Barber, a delegate from Georgia, said before and after the display on stage.

CNN’s Ashley Killough contributed to this report.

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Gary Johnson wins Libertarian presidential nomination, Weld …

Gary Johnson wins Libertarian presidential nomination – The …

Former Republican governor from New Mexico and Libertarian presidential candidate Gary Johnson threw his hat in the ring during a convention in Orlando where he slammed his Republican and Democratic rivals. (Reuters)

ORLANDO Former New Mexico governor Gary Johnson won the Libertarian Partys presidential nomination on Sunday, fending off five rivals from different factions on two closely fought ballots and securing more than 55.8 percent of the total vote.

I will work as hard as I can to represent everyone in this room, Johnson said after his victory. After this convention, people will be looking to us to describe what it means to be a Libertarian. And I realize it will be up to me to tell them.

But Johnsons near-miss on the first ballot kicked off an afternoon of protests and delegate glad-handing, with the vice presidential race to be decided later. Johnson had run a careful campaign with an eye on the general election, picking former Massachusetts governor Bill Weld like him, a Republican who switched parties as his running mate. In Saturday nights debate, Johnson, alone among the top-five contenders, said that he would have signed the 1964 Civil Rights Act and that he thought people should be licensed to drive cars. He was loudly booed for both positions.

I liked it, Johnson said in an interview before Sundaysvote. Lets draw attention to the only candidate onstage saying that he would sign the Civil Rights Act, lets draw attention to the only candidate onstage whos in favor of drivers licenses. I dont know about you guys, but I think thats a great distinction between myself and the rest of them.

Those positions were tough to swallow for some of the partys self-identified radicals. Theyd spent the campaign season including more than a dozen debates labeling Johnson a Republican-lite candidate who could not expand on the 1 percent of the vote he had won as the 2012 nominee. Johnson was silent when the first ballot showed him just six votes short of a majority.

Johnsons rivals, especially Libertarian activist Austin Petersen and software engineer John McAfee, saw an opportunity to drag out the process. They briefly huddled on the convention floor and worked delegates, as Johnson had unfruitful conversations with critics and then walked outside foran interview with MSNBC.

Its not unique to the Libertarian Party that we have factions, Johnson said. When Republicans and Democrats get to this stage of the process, theyve already gone through their primaries. You dont hear much of a contrast. In the case of Libertarians not so much.

Outside the convention floor, Johnson was followed by supporters his own and hold-outs from a Never Johnson faction.

The scrum quieted down for Johnson to do the interview. But when it ended, Petersen gave chase and pulled Johnson aside in full view of reporters.

Do you want to unite the party? Petersen asked.

This is not the place, Austin, said Johnson, referring to the media attention.

Why did you pick Bill Weld? Petersen asked.

Johnson shook his head and walked away, as Petersen denounced Weld as a horrible statist and argued with a Johnson supporter who saidthat, at 35, Petersen was too young to represent the party.

Tell that to Marquis de Lafayette, Petersen said. He was 18.

Meanwhile, Johnson was securing the votes of Libertarian delegates who had cast sympathy ballots for lesser-known candidates. Johnson gained 60 votes on the second ballot, while Marc Allan Feldman, a well-liked physician who just that morning had helped people injured by a hit-and-run driver, lost 40 votes between ballots.

Johnsons victory began the race for vice president, which promised drama of its own. Weld, who had made a fitful Libertarian run for governor of New York in 2006, was not otherwise tied to the party. As he did interviews and met delegates, he made up ground but acknowledged that he did not always align with the party base. After the first presidential ballot, Weld said in a short interview that he had finally read the LP’s platform and disagreed with part of it.

Its pretty good, he said. They want to eliminate the income tax; that wouldnt bring in enough revenue. Im for a flat tax.

What was unclear, as the vice presidential fight began, was who could overtake Weld. The candidates for vice president were a mixture of obscure activists. McAfee ruled out running for the second spot on the ticket; Petersen said he would do itonly if Johnson fired his campaign staff.

In his victory speech, Johnson beseeched the delegates to look past any of their ideological qualms with Weld to consider the breakthrough the party could win if it nominated two formerRepublicans. Weld, he said, had done 25 major media interviews since agreeing to run. That was 25 more interviews than Jim Gray, a judge who became Johnsons 2012 running mate, ever did.

I realize its up to you, Johnson said. If its not Bill Weld, I dont think we have the opportunity to be elected president of the United States.

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Gary Johnson wins Libertarian presidential nomination – The …

Libertarian Party Chairman Hopeful Strips on…

A candidate for chairman of the Libertarian Party stripped off his clothes on live TV before dropping out of the race at the party’s national convention Sunday in Orlando, Florida.

James Weeks a self-described “liberty activist” from Michigan and a large, bearded man was supporting the vice presidential campaign of Derrick Grayson when he said “I figured we could use a little bit of fun,” started leading the convention in clapping and began taking off his suit, shirt and tie while dancing, according to video of the convention broadcast by C-SPAN.

Cheers and claps soon gave way to coots, catcalls and boos. Weeks then said, “I’m sorry; that was a dare,” and said he was abandoning his own campaign for party chairman.

The political newspaper The Hill reported that several delegates complained about the display and that at least one sought to revoke Weeks’ party membership.

On his website for an earlier campaign for sheriff of Livingston County, Michigan, Weeks writes that he has “dedicated his life to achieving a free society, free from an omnipotent state that seems to wish to squeeze every last drop of freedom out of our lives.”

It wasn’t as though the convention wasn’t unusual enough. In a rarity in modern U.S. politics, the convention was contested and had to go to a second ballot before the Libertarians nominated former New Mexico Gov. Gary Johnson and former Massachusetts Gov. William Weld as its presidential ticket.

Related: Libertarians Give America a Contested Convention

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Libertarian Party Chairman Hopeful Strips on…

Libertarian Party Convention: Gary Johnson, John McAfee …

Delegates listen to speeches in the main hall at the National Libertarian Party Convention, Friday, May 27, 2016, in Orlando, Fla. John Raoux/AP hide caption

Delegates listen to speeches in the main hall at the National Libertarian Party Convention, Friday, May 27, 2016, in Orlando, Fla.

More than 1,000 Libertarians from around the country have converged on a hotel in Orlando, Fla., for a long weekend of politicking, strategizing, and seminars with titles like “How to Abolish Government in Three Easy Steps.”

They’ll also choose their nominee for president on Sunday. Five men are competing to be the Libertarian standard-bearer, including a software tycoon, a magazine editor, and the former Republican governor of New Mexico.

“Libertarian conventions are always exciting,” says Carla Howell, the party’s political director. “But the excitement this weekend is beyond anything I’ve ever seen, by far.”

Howell thinks that’s partly because more Americans are coming around to the party’s long-held agenda, which includes legalizing marijuana, curbing government surveillance, and limiting U.S. military involvement in the Middle East.

“There is no question to those of us who do retail politics, who talk to voters, they want what Libertarians have been advocating for a long time,” Howell says.

Libertarians acknowledge there’s another reason their party’s getting a closer look: deep dissatisfaction with the likely Republican and Democratic nominees. A Wall Street Journal/NBC poll found 47 percent of Americans are willing to consider a third-party candidate this year.

Denise Cranford understands that. The Ackerman, Miss., delegate has been active in Libertarian politics for years, but this is the first time she’s attended the national convention.

“Trump is disgustingly crude. Hillary, please. Don’t make me go there,” Cranford says. “Even if I wanted to go Republican, their belief in, ‘I want to take over and tell you what to do.’ Democrats want to take over and take my money. It’s got to stop.”

There’s a lively competition for the top spot on the Libertarian ticket. The five finalists spent more than two hours Saturday night debating their plans to roll back government in blunt and often colorful terms.

Some of the liveliest exchanges were between Austin Petersen, editor of The Libertarian Republic magazine, and former New Mexico Gov. Gary Johnson. Petersen tended to take more purist positions, while Johnson’s views were often tempered with a dose of governing practicality.

On same-sex marriage, for example, Petersen advocated what he called “total separation of marriage and state.”

Johnson said he felt the same way at first, but there were complications.

“It turns out that there are hundreds if not thousands of laws that actually contain the word marriage that would have to be amended,” Johnson said. So he endorsed government recognition of same-sex marriage instead.

Some of the biggest applause lines last night belonged to neither Johnson nor Petersen but to anesthesiologist Marc Feldman.

“I don’t need any kind of marriage license,” Feldman said. “I don’t need a marijuana grower’s permit. I have a Constitution. What I need is a government that honors it and doesn’t ask for licenses or permits and certificates for things that are none of the government’s business.”

Anti-virus software pioneer John McAfee and publisher and podcaster Darryl Perry are also vying for the Libertarian nomination.

Unlike the major party conventions later this summer where the nominees will likely be known well in advance, there’s no telling who will come out on top of Sunday’s Libertarian vote.

Mississippi delegate Denise Cranford isn’t worried, though. She’ll be happy with whoever is chosen.

“If we could just put one in the presidency and the rest of them in Cabinets we’d be awesome,” Cranford says. “I’d love to see all those positions filled by Libertarians who want to take over the government and leave you alone.”

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Libertarian Party Convention: Gary Johnson, John McAfee …

Libertarian Party Presidential Debate – C-SPAN.org

Libertarian Party Presidential Debate Libertarian Party presidential candidates debated a number of issues at the partys presidential nominating convention. The 2016 read more

Libertarian Party Presidential Debate Libertarian Party presidential candidates debated a number of issues at the partys presidential nominating convention.

The 2016 Libertarian Party National Presidential Nominating Convention was held at the Rosen Centre Hotel and Resort in Orlando, Florida. close

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Libertarian Party Presidential Debate – C-SPAN.org

The Libertarian Party Is In Turmoil Over Its Vice …

The Libertarian Party experienced a minor revolt at its biennial convention this weekend over concerns that its leading vice presidential candidate isn’t libertarian enough, complicating its efforts to achieve a stronger-than-usual showing in November’s presidential elections.

Former Massachusetts Gov. William Weld is running for vice president alongside former New Mexico Gov. Gary Johnson. While Johnson, who was the party’s 2012 standard-bearer,is still expected to win the party’s presidential nomination when it votes on Sunday morning, party activists have raised concerns over Weld, whom they see as insufficiently committed to the party’s small-government, socially liberal platform. Many also expressed concerns over Weld’s decision in 2006 to leave the race for governor of New Yorkafter securing the Libertarian nomination, leaving the party without a candidate.

Doug Craig, a national board member of the Libertarian Radical Caucus, which advocates for a strict Libertarian platform, said his members do not believe “in a watered-down, weak-kneed message.”

“I would say that Weld is disliked by the Radical Caucus,” he added. “We believe the way to win election is to change people’s minds by putting out the correct message.”

Former Rep.Ron Paul (R-Texas), who was the party’s nominee for president in 1988, said in a pre-recorded statement that the message “has to be as pure as possible.” He went on to denounce Libertarians who argue for “sound[ing] more moderate and more middle-of-the-road,” an approach he described as “useless.”

Compounding the issue was Weld’s rocky introduction to the party. During a vice presidential debate on Friday night, Weld said he would keep the U.S. in the United Nations, a position counter to most Libertarian activists. Making matters worse, he said many people view Libertarians as unattractive people. Rather than make the wide-sweeping anti-government pronouncements that appeal to Libertarians, Weld stuck to making boilerplate political statements more reminiscent of a Democratic or Republican candidate. When Weld called for cutting taxes, one attendee screamed”taxation is theft!”

On Saturday, during a question-and-answer session with party officials, Weld came off less like an insurgent politician and more like an aloof Bay State patrician. Asked to describe the difference between Republicans and Libertarians, Weld began by mentioning that former President George W. Bush, loathed in Libertarian circles for his aggressive foreign policy, is “a good friend.” When a party member asked about foreign policy, Johnson deferred to Weld, citing his expertise on the issue. Weld began his answer by saying he’d actually been removed from the issue for quite some time.

When another attendee called for reducing the CIA’s presence overseas, Weld replied that he was possibly biased in the matter, name-checking Kermit Roosevelt Jr, his “great-uncle-in-law” and a leading CIA figure who helped depose a number of foreign governments, including Iran’s democratically elected leader, Mohammad Mosaddegh, in 1953.

Now, party activists and many convention delegates are calling Weld “Republican lite” and the specter exists of Johnson running with a more unorthodox figure as his running mate. Other candidates for the office include an online radio hostand a libertarian activist who, on his website, HustleBear.com, says he hasn’t had a steady job since he was “scooping ice cream at Coldstones at 17.”

The Johnson campaign has responded to this criticism by playing up the more libertarian parts of Weld’s record and arguing that having two former governors on the ticket makes the party move viable in November.

“Going forward, I think [our chances] would be handicapped by 50 percent without Bill Weld,” Johnson said during a press availability, saying that “the attention that he garners, the credibility that he brings to this, the fact that he’s been a role model to me for all of my life” makes him an indispensable part of the party’s plan for November.

“I will not get elected president of the United States if Bill Weld is not my vice presidential candidate,” Johnson said. “It’s not going to happen, it’s just that simple.”

Asked if he would drop out of the race if Weld is not the vice presidential nominee, Johnson replied, “[It’s like] training for a marathon and I just broke my leg and the marathon is tomorrow. Do I run?”

Pressed by The Huffington Post on whether that amounted to a “no,” Johnson responded, “I’m not saying that. I’m just saying I don’t want to not put my best foot forward.”

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The Libertarian Party Is In Turmoil Over Its Vice …

Libertarian Party set to pick nominee at convention …

That’s what it must feel like to be a third-party candidate in a two-party country.

But between Donald Trump’s abrupt takeover of the GOP and Bernie Sanders’ climb from long-shot Democratic candidacy to head of a national progressive movement, 2016 has been a year for party outsiders. And Libertarians hope that could give them an opening.

So it is with an air of opportunity to break out of obscurity that Libertarians, members of the country’s most prominent third party, have gathered for their national convention in Orlando, Florida, this weekend to officially pick a candidate to pitch to angry voters.

Many expect former New Mexico Gov. Gary Johnson, the Libertarian presidential nominee in 2012, to leave Orlando Sunday evening once again his party’s standard-bearer.

Since last week, Johnson has made the rounds touting his newly minted alliance with former Massachusetts Gov. Bill Weld, who is seeking the party’s vice presidential nomination. The two former governors, who both also happen to be ex-Republicans, are fielding a ticket of sorts, although the Libertarians elect their nominees separately and no formal ticket will exist at the convention until the party selects its presidential and vice presidential nominees.

But Johnson and Weld first have to navigate an openly hostile convention, characterized by its insular proceedings and unwelcome to moderates.

Weld will have to overcome meaningful differences between his demonstrated policy preferences, particularly past support for gun control measures, and his willingness to support Republican politicians. Just this year, the colorful former governor endorsed Ohio Gov. John Kasich for president.

His supposed transgressions from Libertarian orthodoxy have earned him outright disdain from many of the party’s attendees. He received loud boos at his introduction to the party’s vice presidential debate, where he stuck to reciting his conservative bona fides and applauded his opponents on stage.

“We are not Republican-light,” Larry Sharpe, a vice-presidential candidate said in a takedown of the Johnson-Weld ticket mere inches away from the former Massachusetts governor.

Asked after the debate, Weld said he thought such attacks “were not an issue one way or another.”

Despite his bruising reception, Johnson said he would strongly prefer not to continue his bid without Weld, arguing they were “arguably the two most Libertarian governors that ever served.”

Weld doubled down on this kind of rhetoric at the convention, saying that should Trump win the presidency, “We will be the rogue nation. We will be the North Korea.”

Johnson, meanwhile, has several serious challengers gunning for the top spot on the third-party ticket.

Among them is Austin Petersen, a young, hardcore party advocate with strong backing in Libertarian Internet circles. He recently announced the endorsement of Mary Matalin and Erick Erickson, vocal anti-Trump conservatives.

Petersen rolled through the convention, glad-handing delegates and circling back to his open-door suite, filled with meatballs and alcohol for supporters. He belted out insults for Trump, calling him “Cheetos-faced” and “fascist” as his supporters, who he called “freedom ninjas,” hollered in support.

However, in a party that generally swings liberal on social issues, Petersen is unabashedly anti-abortion. He is also 35 years old.

Also expected to post significant support is notorious entrepreneur John McAfee, a man who has forged an international identity after becoming a pioneer in the field of cybersecurity. Last fall, McAfee launched a presidential bid under the banner of his newly formed political organization, the Cyber Party. As the fall continued, McAfee declared his intention to seek the nomination of the Libertarian Party.

Building off of his name, his intense personality and his sweeping command of Libertarian sweet spots, McAfee has made a serious bid for the top of the ticket.

Although McAfee has little history with the party and no experience governing, his controversies — including going into hiding following the shooting death of a businessman near his island compound in Belize — and his lack of political experience may actually make up for it. In an election cycle dominated by a brash billionaire and reality TV star, McAfee’s libidinous, shadowy, drug-fueled history and cavalier demeanor occasionally might not hurt much in a party built on opposing government control.

The primary has become somewhat contentious and McAfee has repeatedly said that he will not support Johnson if the former New Mexico becomes the nominee.

Petersen said he would “pull it for Gary” if the former New Mexico governor won the nomination. Weld said he wasn’t sure what he’d do if Johnson was not the nominee.

“I’m in this because of Gary Johnson,” Weld said.

Of course, securing the nomination is only one step — and an extremely easy one, relatively speaking — on the path to a Libertarian presidency.

The eventual nominee, whoever it is, will have to compete in the general election, where the odds of victory for the Libertarian Party stand at roughly zero.

If that performance repeats itself in the 2016 general election, it will mark the 12th cycle in a row where no third party has earned a single vote in the Electoral College.

Compared to other years and other third parties, however, the Libertarians have plenty to feel good about. The Libertarian Party has navigated the multitude of onerous requirements for ballot access in all 50 states, a task unaccomplished by any other third party.

Put more simply, the Libertarian nominee will be the only name outside of the mainstream choices on the presidential ballot in all 50 states on November 8.

Johnson, echoing many other third-party candidates, regularly stresses the Libertarian Party’s need to join the presidential debates. Inclusion in the presidential debates requires strong poll performance, which, of course, requires inclusion in the polls themselves.

From the “Never Trump” crowd to the nascent “Bernie or bust” movement, the eventual Libertarian nominee might have room to grow a base and shake up the already volatile presidential race.

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Libertarian Party set to pick nominee at convention …

Pay Attention To Libertarian Gary Johnson; Hes Pulling 10 …

Former New Mexico Gov. Gary Johnson during an interview in Washington, D.C., on May 9.

Gary Johnson might be on the verge of becoming a household name.

At the moment, hes probably most often confused with that plumber who fixed your running toilet last month or your spouses weird friend from work who keeps calling the landline, but hes neither hes the former governor of New Mexico, likely Libertarian candidate for president, and hes polling at 10 percent in two recently released national polls against Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump.

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A Morning Consult survey published Tuesday and found Clinton getting 38 percent of the vote, Trump 35 and Johnson 10, with 17 percent undecided. A Fox News poll conducted from May 14-17 showed Trump leading over Clinton, 42 percent to 39 percent, but Johnson at 10 percent as well. Lest you think this is some fluky May development, a Monmouth University survey conducted in mid-March while the political universe was still busy wringing its hands over the Republican nomination found that in a three-way race, Clinton would get 42 percent, Trump 34 percent and Johnson 11 percent.

Given that Trump and Clinton are sporting historically high negative ratings, Johnsons polling makes a fair bit of sense; Gary Johnson is neither Donald Trump nor Hillary Clinton. He might not win a state, but he could make some noise.

Of course, its still early, right? Yes, of course. Its May, and there are six more months for your hair to gray and for your friends to wither down to just your pet after innumerable ill-advised political conversations over drinks, but Johnsons polling numbers are nothing to sneeze at, if history may be our guide.

In early May 1968, George Wallace, whose candidacy as a third-party candidate running on what can politely be called an anti-civil rights message has been much-talked about this year, got 14 percent in a Harris Survey as well as in a Gallup poll; he eventually won nearly 14 percent of the national vote.

The most serious third-party candidate in recent memory was Ross Perot, who third-wheeled his way onto the political stage in 1992 and 1996, eventually taking 19 percent and 8 percent of the national vote in those respective years. In May of 1992, Perot, a former businessman, was polling gangbusters; a Gallup poll found him at 35 percent and an NBC News/Wall Street Journal survey had him at 30 percent. Perot entered the race in February of that year, a few weeks after the county was initiated to the first of Bill Clintons sex scandals, and in the midst of a tough economy for President George H.W. Bush plenty of voters were looking for other options. Four years later, he was still polling well for a third-party candidate, but not nearly at his 1992 levels: May polls (not to be confused with maypoles) had Perot at 17 percent (ABC/Washington Post), 12 percent (NBC/Wall Street Journal), and 10 percent (Gallup).

But that was the 90s, back before most of us in the interior of the country had ever even seen an avocado let alone mashed it up on toast. How have third-party candidates polled recently? Johnson ran as the Libertarian candidate in 2012, and won about 1 percent of the national vote, becoming the most successful Libertarian candidate ever; in polls done in May and June of 2012, he was polling at 2 percent. Bob Barr, the Libertarian nominee in 2008, also polled at 2 percent in the late spring of that year.

It must be noted that Johnson is not yet the Libertarian nominee. The party will be holding its nominating convention this weekend in Orlando, where he will face Austin Petersen, a young party operative, as well as former fugitive millionaire businessman John McAfee, who was once called extremely paranoid, even bonkers by the prime minister of Belize.

Given that this is 2016, no result should be ruled out.

Harry Enten contributed research.

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Pay Attention To Libertarian Gary Johnson; Hes Pulling 10 …

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U.S., Other Powers Open Door to Arming Provisional Libya Government May 16th, 5:03pm UTC at Hit & Run by Ed Krayewski

Financial Collapse Leads To War | Gerald Celente and Stefan Molyneux May 16th, 4:50pm UTC at Freedomain Radio: The Logic of Personal and Political Freedom with Stefan Molyneux by Stefan Molyneux

Hey Kids, Don’t Be Suckers for Socialism! May 16th, 4:42pm UTC at Hit & Run by Nick Gillespie

Peter Suderman on How the Widescreen Comics Movement Paved the Way for the Era of Superhero Movies May 16th, 4:40pm UTC at Hit & Run by Peter Suderman

The Jokes Are On Us May 16th, 4:37pm UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

Clinton Will Put Husband in Charge of Economy, Factories Seized in Venezuela, Cake Hoaxer Drops Suit: P.M. Links May 16th, 4:30pm UTC at Hit & Run by Scott Shackford

The Hillary Clinton-Goldman Sachs Connection: New at Reason May 16th, 4:00pm UTC at Hit & Run by Reason Staff

The EU Should Be Focusing on Its Own Countries Transgender Laws, Not North Carolinas Bathrooms May 16th, 3:45pm UTC at Hit & Run by Scott Shackford

Waterspout on Napa Valley Lake May 16th, 3:00pm UTC at Free Whitewater by JOHN ADAMS

Woody Allen Defends Nasty Jokes, Even Made at His Own Expense May 16th, 2:55pm UTC at Hit & Run by Nick Gillespie

CEI Joins 15 Organizations Opposing Overtime Rule May 16th, 2:45pm UTC at Competitive Enterprise Institute by Keara Vickers

Venezuela Spends Millions on Incredibly Dumb Things While Its Economy Collapses May 16th, 2:38pm UTC at Hit & Run by Anthony L. Fisher

The Hidden World of Campus Conservatives: New at Reason May 16th, 2:30pm UTC at Hit & Run by Alexis Garcia

Turn out the lights, the partys over May 16th, 2:18pm UTC at Unqualified Offerings Unqualified Offerings by Thoreau

De Blasio Campaign Finance Scandal Illustrates Root of Money in Politics Problem May 16th, 2:11pm UTC at Hit & Run by Ed Krayewski

Censoring E-Cigs: New at Reason May 16th, 2:00pm UTC at Hit & Run by Reason Staff

Glyphosate Not a Cancer Risk, Concludes FAO and WHO Expert Panel May 16th, 1:50pm UTC at Hit & Run by Ronald Bailey

Homeland Security Helps Take Down Unlicensed Massage Therapists May 16th, 1:45pm UTC at Hit & Run by Elizabeth Nolan Brown

Regulation, & BBC bias May 16th, 1:29pm UTC at Stumbling and Mumbling by chris

Anti-gaming lawmakers still waging a losing battle May 16th, 1:22pm UTC at Competitive Enterprise Institute by Mollie Dreisbach

Environmentalist Group Warned Against Federal Charges for Deniers May 16th, 1:19pm UTC at Competitive Enterprise Institute by Mollie Dreisbach

Real Science Dries Up in US Schools May 16th, 1:15pm UTC at Competitive Enterprise Institute by Mollie Dreisbach

Left Behind May 16th, 12:54pm UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

Why Liberals Hate Free Speech: What They Won’t Tell You! May 16th, 12:27pm UTC at Freedomain Radio: The Logic of Personal and Political Freedom with Stefan Molyneux by Stefan Molyneux

Will We Ever Truly Know the Extent of CIA Torture During the War on Terror? May 16th, 12:15pm UTC at Hit & Run by Scott Shackford

American Isaiahs: New at Reason May 16th, 12:00pm UTC at Hit & Run by Reason Staff

What Ralph Nader Likes About Donald Trump May 16th, 11:55am UTC at Hit & Run by Jesse Walker

CEI Joins 25 Organizations In Support of Fleming Amendment #87 to NDAA May 16th, 11:25am UTC at Competitive Enterprise Institute by Keara Vickers

Free Speech Breaks Out at Univ. of Minnesota, Kansas, Elsewhere May 16th, 11:07am UTC at Hit & Run by Nick Gillespie

If Bernie Sanders and His Supporters Get Their Way, This Would Be the Food Line May 16th, 10:59am UTC at Coyote Blog by admin

SCOTUS Avoids Ruling on Obamacare Contraceptive Mandate Accommodation, Orders Lower Courts to Rehear Little Sisters of the Poor and Related Cases May 16th, 10:54am UTC at Hit & Run by Damon Root

Beautiful Video, But It Gives Me the Shakes Just Looking At It May 16th, 10:34am UTC at Coyote Blog by admin

Appliances: Apparently the Last Bastion for Bricks and Mortar Retail May 16th, 10:32am UTC at Coyote Blog by admin

CEI Asks Court To Fine AG Walker Based On Bad Faith And DC Anti-SLAPP Law May 16th, 10:32am UTC at Competitive Enterprise Institute by Keara Vickers

The First Good Argument I Have Heard for Electing Trump May 16th, 10:20am UTC at Coyote Blog by admin

Why Don’t Progressives Use Their Power as Hedge Fund Customers to Challenge Hedge Fund Compensation? May 16th, 10:04am UTC at Coyote Blog by admin

A stopped sundial is right once a year May 16th, 9:35am UTC at Unqualified Offerings Unqualified Offerings by Thoreau

Dumbest Thing I Have Seen Written in A Long While, Courtesy of Douglas Ruchkoff May 16th, 9:28am UTC at Coyote Blog by admin

Anti-Pot Analyst Claims Fatal Crashes in Washington ‘Have Risen 122 Percent’ May 16th, 9:28am UTC at Hit & Run by Jacob Sullum

Obama Slams Trump, Trump Slams Times, Chairs Thrown at Nevada Dem Convention: A.M. Links May 16th, 9:00am UTC at Hit & Run by Ed Krayewski

‘Blue-Eyed Soul’ Singer Daryl Hall To Critics of Cultural Appropriation: ‘STFU’ May 16th, 8:55am UTC at Hit & Run by Nick Gillespie

Update on Waukeshas Water May 16th, 8:00am UTC at Free Whitewater by JOHN ADAMS

Beyond the Runway Coalition Briefing: Airport Finance, A Free Market Approach, and Airports as Economic Engines May 16th, 7:37am UTC at Competitive Enterprise Institute by Mollie Dreisbach

Our Simmering Crisis May 16th, 7:34am UTC at Cato Unbound

Title IX Is a Dangerous Tool for Extending Transgender Kids Rights May 16th, 7:30am UTC at Hit & Run by Robby Soave

What Hillary Clintons Medicare Plan Is Lacking: New at Reason May 16th, 7:20am UTC at Hit & Run by Reason Staff

Monday Music: Vance Joy, Fire and the Flood May 16th, 7:00am UTC at Free Whitewater by JOHN ADAMS

Ahhhh Philly May 16th, 6:45am UTC at Captain Capitalism

The feds are not the biggest danger to your guns May 16th, 6:00am UTC at Kent’s “Hooligan Libertarian” Blog by Kent McManigal

How Houston Can Grow Gracefully: Snow White And The Nine Dwarves May 16th, 5:00am UTC at Market Urbanism by Tory Gattis

Quotation of the Day May 16th, 4:49am UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

Brickbat: I’m on My Break May 16th, 4:00am UTC at Hit & Run by Charles Oliver

The One, True Path to Liberty May 16th, 3:58am UTC at More Liberty Now by George Donnelly

Some Links May 16th, 3:42am UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

Daily Bread for 5.16.16 May 16th, 3:24am UTC at Free Whitewater by JOHN ADAMS

The Clownocracy modern Britain on show May 16th, 12:47am UTC at Samizdata by Mr Ed

Another Western Motorcycle Adventure Begins May 15th, 10:48pm UTC at Captain Capitalism

Bird takes off from a TV aerial May 15th, 8:52pm UTC at Brian Micklethwait

Eating Natural Egyptian Berries in Berkit El-Saba’ , Al Minufiyah| Activating the brains natural housekeeper mechanism | May 15th, 7:16pm UTC at by alkoga teacher

Eating Natural Egyptian Berries in Berkit El-Saba’ , Al Minufiyah, Activating the brains natural housekeeper mechanism May 15th, 6:20pm UTC at by alkoga2012

Eating Natural Egyptian Berries in Berkit El-Saba’ , Al Minufiyah, Activating the brains natural housekeeper mechanism [Flickr] May 15th, 6:20pm UTC at by alkoga2012

Eating Natural Egyptian Berries in Berkit El-Saba’ , Al Minufiyah, Activating the brains natural housekeeper mechanism May 15th, 6:20pm UTC at by alkoga2012

Eating Natural Egyptian Berries in Berkit El-Saba’ , Al Minufiyah, Activating the brains natural housekeeper mechanism [Flickr] May 15th, 6:20pm UTC at by alkoga2012

Eating Natural Egyptian Berries in Berkit El-Saba’ , Al Minufiyah, Activating the brains natural housekeeper mechanism [Flickr] May 15th, 6:20pm UTC at by alkoga2012

Los Angeles Contemplates Rules to Harm AirBnb Hosts and Guests May 15th, 6:05pm UTC at Hit & Run by Brian Doherty

Bonus Quotation of the Day May 15th, 5:55pm UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

… May 15th, 5:23pm UTC at by alkoga teacher

Thoughts on the altered economic and ideological incentives faced by the rich and famous May 15th, 4:38pm UTC at Samizdata by Brian Micklethwait (London)

Obama Blasts Political Correctness, ‘Fragile’ Students in Rutgers Speech May 15th, 4:07pm UTC at Hit & Run by Robby Soave

Oh noez, Brexit be bad! May 15th, 3:47pm UTC at Samizdata by Perry de Havilland (London)

Why Isn’t Everything A Vag!Na? May 15th, 12:54pm UTC at Freedomain Radio: The Logic of Personal and Political Freedom with Stefan Molyneux by Stefan Molyneux

Will Rushkoff & Co. Put Their Money Where Their Mouths Are? May 15th, 10:50am UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

Richard Epstein on Whats Wrong With Labor Unions May 15th, 8:38am UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

You will be violated. Your move. May 15th, 6:00am UTC at Kent’s “Hooligan Libertarian” Blog by Kent McManigal

Loco-nomics May 15th, 5:14am UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

What a Heel May 15th, 4:54am UTC at Longrider

Sunday Animation: Once Upon A Blue Moon May 15th, 4:54am UTC at Free Whitewater by JOHN ADAMS

Daily Bread for 5.15.16 May 15th, 4:46am UTC at Free Whitewater by JOHN ADAMS

Quotation of the Day May 15th, 4:04am UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

Minimum Wage, Maximum Rant May 15th, 3:37am UTC at The Angry Economist by

Some of the Corporatists Finally are Waking Up re: the Economic Collapse May 14th, 9:53pm UTC at Individual Sovereignty by Scott Haley

Benevolent Laissez-Faire photos May 14th, 9:14pm UTC at Brian Micklethwait

Bonus Quotation of the Day May 14th, 6:30pm UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

Gruber & Rhodes: Lying Politicians Are Old News, But Bragging About it Seems To Be An Obama Innovation May 14th, 4:14pm UTC at Coyote Blog by admin

Blue Origin Rocket Landing May 14th, 3:00pm UTC at Free Whitewater by JOHN ADAMS

A Reply to a Douglas Rushkoff Fan May 14th, 2:10pm UTC at Cafe HayekCafe Hayek – where orders emerge – Article Feed by Don Boudreaux

Why Feminist Ghost Busters Was Doomed from the Start May 14th, 12:14pm UTC at Captain Capitalism

The Death of Freedom | Alex Jones and Stefan Molyneux May 14th, 12:09pm UTC at Freedomain Radio: The Logic of Personal and Political Freedom with Stefan Molyneux by Stefan Molyneux

Continued here:

Libertarian Blog Place


Comunicado Libertagia.

Caros membros, como de conhecimento geral a pouco mais de um ano a Libertagia vem em silncio e de portas fechadas, mas agora chegou a hora de lanar luz sobre o ocorrido e de mostrar o processo de recuperao da nossa empresa.

A Libertagia alcanou nmeros muito expressivos, chegamos a mais 2.5 milhes de membros em mais de 160 pases, membros esses que ajudaram a criar uma empresa com propores jamais vistas.

Durante todo esse tempo de silncio a administrao da empresa na Itlia no parou de trabalhar, buscando formas de reerguer a imagem da empresa e toda sua infraestrutura, que foi gravemente abalada por parceiros e fornecedores que no cumpriram com seus respectivos deveres, levando a empresa a um colapso. Todos os envolvidos foram denunciados as autoridades competentes, e agora a Libertagia aguarda reparao dos danos causados (Informaes sobre o andamento do processo sero divulgadas nos prximos comunicados).

Nos prximos 30 dias vamos iniciar um processo de incorporao do novo investidor, corpo jurdico e equipe, seguindo rigorosamente todas as normas internacionais. Durante todo esse processo, as mudanas feitas e etapas a seguir pelos membros sero informadas em nosso site oficial. Tambm divulgaremos os novos produtos, parceiros e o plano compensao em forma de stock option para todos os membros Libertagia.

Atravs de sorteio eletrnico, selecionamos 12 lideres mundiais da Libertagia para fazerem parte de uma reunio que ser realizada no dia 05/06/2016 em Pisa (ITA) onde ser apresentado o novo investidor, produtos, documentos, plataforma e o novo plano da empresa.

Com tudo isso o que buscamos recuperar no s a imagem da empresa mais de todos os membros que acreditam e acreditaram nela, recuperar nossos sonhos e objetivos. hora de unirmos foras em beneficio desta empresa que mais do que nunca pertence de todos ns.


The rest is here:


Austin Petersen 2016 Libertarian Candidate for President

Reduce economic inequality by lowering barriers to entry in the marketplace, licensing, taxation, and fees. Urge congress to adopt the Penny Plan, across the board spending cuts of 1%per program.Abolish the existing, complicated tax code that discriminates against the most productive Americans, and replace it with a simple, flat tax at the lowest rate necessary to support the core functions of government.Seek voluntary ways to fund public services where possible, lotteries, tolls, etc.

Read the rest here:

Austin Petersen 2016 Libertarian Candidate for President

Gary Johnson — Libertarian Party Presidential Candidates …

Good news, disgruntled Americans: As you ponder whether to vote for one of the two most-disliked, dishonest, and morally corrupt politicians ever to run for president Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton you just might have a third option. His name is Gary Johnson. Hes a popular two-term former governor of New Mexico. Hes the likely Libertarian party nominee. And hes set to be on the ballot in the vast majority of states.

Moreover, the short case for him is pretty compelling. Johnson is a self-made man, starting a handyman business in college that grew into a 1,000-employee construction firm. He ran for governor as a fiscal conservative in a blue state, won handily, and can now boast that he cut taxes, vetoed hundreds of bills, presided over significant job growth, balanced the state budget, and created a substantial reserve fund. He won reelection in a rout.

Johnson is an extraordinarily strong gun-rights advocate, and he favors free trade, but hes far too committed to relatively open borders advocating a simpler and more efficient process for entering the country.

He calls himself pro-choice, but hes well to the right of Hillary Clinton supporting late-term abortion bans, parental-notification laws, and opposing public funding for abortion and hes indicated that hed appoint judges who will interpret the Constitution according to its original meaning. He also believes Roe v. Wade was wrongly decided because it expanded the reach of the Federal government into areas of society never envisioned in the Constitution. In the past, Johnson has indicated that hed rather leave abortion policy to the states.

Being generous, one could even call him a sort of peaceful Teddy Roosevelt: an adventurer politician. Hes run dozens of triathlons, hes climbed the highest mountain on all seven continents (including Mount Everest), and he built his house with his own hands. So, on balance, Gary Johnson for president, right?

Not so fast. This being 2016, the world has gone mad, and there are no easy choices left. Johnson is a Libertarian, and that means hes for drug legalization. Thats not necessarily disqualifying. After all, his views are similar to those of the founder of National Review, William F. Buckley Jr., and are shared by a number of conservatives. Johnson, however, is an actual drug user boasting recently that hed just consumed Cheeba Chews, a form of marijuana-infused taffy. (To be fair, he claims that he does not drink alcohol.) But thats not all, not by a long shot.

In 2014, Johnson became a pot entrepreneur. He was named the CEO of Cannibas Sativa. The companys intended products included medicinal oils and get this a cough droplike pot candy. Johnson of course tried and endorsed the product, asking, Why would anybody ever smoke marijuana given this as an alternative?

Oddly, when it comes to religious liberty and the rights of conscience, he may not be libertarian enough. In the Libertarian partys presidential debate, he offered a bizarre and rambling defense of forcing a Jewish baker to bake a Nazi wedding cake in the name of ending religious discrimination. He also briefly endorsed, then walked back, using state power to ban the burqa in the United States. (On the bright side, he did indicate that he understood the political nature of sharia law and its incompatibility with American conceptions of liberty.)

Regarding national defense, hes not as extreme as some libertarians some go so far as to view the rise of jihad as fundamentally Americas fault but he does believe that American military interventions have made the terrorist problem worse. Ive often wondered how a self-defense oriented libertarian would alter American policy once they received a full and complete national-security briefing. Libertarian purists would likely be surprised at the military aggression of a libertarian president. If Johnson were ever elected, wed get to find out.

Make your argument, governor. You can make the case for liberty to a nation embracing authoritarianism. You wont win, but you can matter. This is your moment.

David French is a staff writer at National Review, and an attorney.

See more here:

Gary Johnson — Libertarian Party Presidential Candidates …