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Life Extension – 2,228 Photos – Vitamins/Supplements

RAADfest is the first large-scale event where multiple methods to reverse human aging are presented by credentialed individuals.

At RAADfest 2018 we expect to announce results from a wide range of interventions to achieve indefinitely extended lifespans.

Register by March 15th, 2018 for a discounted rate! #LetsGetRAAD

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Life Extension – 2,228 Photos – Vitamins/Supplements

Life Extension – iHerb.com

Our Triple Quality Guarantee: The iHerb Quality Protocol is at the highest level of industry standards:

2. Laboratory Quality:All in-house and third-party labs follow GLPs (Good Laboratory Practices)

3. Manufacturing Quality:Our manufacturers are fully compliant with cGMPs (Current Good Manufacturing Practices per 21 CFR Part 111), and are registered with NSF and /or NPA. Some of these facilities may also carry further certifications and licenses, such as OTC drug manufacturing and Organic certification.

Read More About Our Commitment to Quality

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Life Extension – iHerb.com

Life Extension – iHerb.com

Our Triple Quality Guarantee: The iHerb Quality Protocol is at the highest level of industry standards:

2. Laboratory Quality:All in-house and third-party labs follow GLPs (Good Laboratory Practices)

3. Manufacturing Quality:Our manufacturers are fully compliant with cGMPs (Current Good Manufacturing Practices per 21 CFR Part 111), and are registered with NSF and /or NPA. Some of these facilities may also carry further certifications and licenses, such as OTC drug manufacturing and Organic certification.

Read More About Our Commitment to Quality

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Life Extension – iHerb.com

Life Extension – iHerb.com

Our Triple Quality Guarantee: The iHerb Quality Protocol is at the highest level of industry standards:

2. Laboratory Quality:All in-house and third-party labs follow GLPs (Good Laboratory Practices)

3. Manufacturing Quality:Our manufacturers are fully compliant with cGMPs (Current Good Manufacturing Practices per 21 CFR Part 111), and are registered with NSF and /or NPA. Some of these facilities may also carry further certifications and licenses, such as OTC drug manufacturing and Organic certification.

Read More About Our Commitment to Quality

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Life Extension – iHerb.com

Virginia Cooperative Extension | Virginia Cooperative …

Virginia Cooperative Extensionputs university knowledge into the hands of people. We are credible experts and educators who provide information, education, and tools you can use every day to improve your life.

Visit one of our107 local offices, explore our website, read a publication, attend a program, or join a 4-H club just a few of the many ways you can tap into our knowledge and use it to make a difference in your life.

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Virginia Cooperative Extension | Virginia Cooperative …

Texas A&M AgriLife – agriculture teaching, research & service

What is AgriLife? Its a simple word for a diverse organization. With teaching, research, extension education, laboratory, and forestry facilities throughout Texas, we serve people of all ages and backgrounds. Led by Dr. Mark A. Hussey, vice chancellor and dean, Texas A&M AgriLife includes the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Texas A&M Forest Service, and the Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory.

Were problem solvers. Collaborating with members of The Texas A&M University System statewide as well as with other public and private partners we take on todays most critical issues in protecting our environment, feeding our world, growing our economy, improving our health and enriching our youth.

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Texas A&M AgriLife – agriculture teaching, research & service

Rangers Renew Partnership With Globe Life For Stadium Naming Rights – CBS DFW

August 24, 2017 11:10 AM

ARLINGTON (CBSDFW.COM) The Texas Rangers have a name for their new ballpark slated to be open in 2020 and its very familiar.

The Rangers and Globe Life announced an extension of their naming rights partnership through the year 2048.

Proposed Rangers baseball stadium (credit: City of Arlington)

In a pressconferenceon Thursday, officials announced that the new ballpark will be called Globe Life Field, not to be confused with the Rangers current home, Globe Life Park.

The futurebillion-dollar climate-controlled stadium deal will keep the Texas Rangers in Arlington at least through 2054.

Half of the money for the new stadium comes from the city, the other half from the Rangers.

Last November, Arlington voters approved the extension of a half-cent sales tax, 2 percent hotel-occupancy tax and 5 percent car-rental tax for the new Rangers stadium.

That revenue previously went to defray Arlingtons $155 million debt on its share of the cost of AT&T Stadium, the home of the NFLs Dallas Cowboys.

The stadium should be completed in time for the 2020 MLB season.

Drip Pan: CBS Local App

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Rangers Renew Partnership With Globe Life For Stadium Naming Rights – CBS DFW

The life-saving browser shortcut everyone should know – CNET

Lost tabs? No problem.

If I had a dollar for every time I’d accidentally closed a browser tab — or worse, an entire windowful of ’em — I’d be rich.

But there’s a simple keyboard shortcut that can instantly correct this error: Ctrl-Shift-T.

OrApple-Shift-T, if you’re using a Mac.

Honestly, I’m a little embarrassed to admit I only discovered the shortcut a few months back, but it’s changed my life ever since. (I used to use a browser extension called TooManyTabs to do something similar, but this is way better.)

Just know that some browsers work better than others. With Chrome or Safari, you can restore an entire window full of tabs with this one quick three-button press, so long as your browser is open.

But with Firefox or Microsoft Edge, you can only restore tabs one at a time, and only if you opened those exact tabs in the same browser window.

If this keyboard shortcut is new to me, I’m betting it could be new to you too. If not, maybe it’ll help someone else?

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The life-saving browser shortcut everyone should know – CNET

Keppel secures order worth more than US$400m to build two LNG containerships – Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide

Keppel AmFELS, a wholly owned subsidiary of Keppel Offshore & Marine Ltd (Keppel O&M) in the United States (US), has secured a contract worth more than US$400m from Honolulu-based Pasha Hawaii for the construction of two Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) fueled containerships.

The dual fuel LNG vessels will be built to Keppels proprietary design with delivery of the first vessel expected in 1Q 2020, and the second vessel in 3Q 2020.

Mr Simon Lee, President of Keppel AmFELS said, We are pleased that Pasha has chosen us to build their first two LNG fueled containerships to our innovative design. Keppel O&M is at the forefront of designing vessels that run on LNG propulsion systems and has the experience in LNG vessel conversions as well as the expertise in newbuild specialised vessels. In addition, Keppel AmFELS is ideally located and well-equipped to build a wide variety of vessels for the Jones Act market. We look forward to building these ships which will have a direct impact on American jobs at our shipyard and suppliers across the country.

This contract with Keppel allows Pasha Hawaii to continue to move forward in our commitment to providing the best resources possible for our customers and Hawaiis shipping industry, while minimising our environmental footprint, said George Pasha, IV, President and CEO of The Pasha Group. We are proud supporters of the Jones Act and look forward to working with Keppels team of highly skilled shipbuilders.

Customised to Pasha Hawaiis requirements, the new, 774-foot Jones Act vessels will be able to carry 2,525 TEUs (twenty-foot equivalent units), including a fully laden capacity of 500 45-foot containers, 400 refrigerated containers, and 300 40-foot dry containers, with a sailing speed of 23 knots. The ships hull has been fully optimised using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and will be one of the most hydrodynamically efficient hulls in the world.

The containerships will be able to run completely on LNG fuel, dramatically reducing their environmental impact and increasing fuel efficiency. Energy savings will also be achieved with a state-of-the-art engine, an optimised hull form, and an underwater propulsion system with a high-efficiency rudder and propeller.

When compared to conventional fuels, LNG is a much cleaner alternative fuel for shipping and offers significant environmental benefits, including the reduction of up to 95 percent sulphur oxides, nearly 100 percent particulate matter, up to 90 percent nitrogen oxides, and up to 25 percent carbon dioxide emissions from engine exhaust emissions.

Located in Brownsville, Texas, Keppel AmFELS possesses comprehensive facilities, a highly-capable workforce, and a strong track record in the construction, refurbishment, conversion, life extension and repair of a variety of projects.

The Jones Act requires vessels carrying goods between US ports to be built in the US, and Keppel AmFELS is well-positioned to capture opportunities in this market. The average age of the US-built fleet of vessels is more than 30 years old, beyond the typical operating life of most ocean-going vessels, and new vessels will be needed to meet the latest safety and environmental standards.

The above contract is not expected to have a material impact on the net tangible assets or earnings per share of Keppel Corporation Limited for the current financial year. Source: Keppel AmFELS

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Keppel secures order worth more than US$400m to build two LNG containerships – Hellenic Shipping News Worldwide

South32 plans a BEE boost – Business Day (registration)

Manganese ore production from mines in the Northern Cape rose 19% to take advantage of strong manganese prices.

South32 spent $356m on capital projects in the past year, including $37m on the second phase of underground development at the Wessels manganese mine. In the past year, the company has also made an $81m investment into Arizona Mining and signed other agreements in exploration projects.

An additional $7m was spent on greenfields exploration, mainly for base metals in the Americas and Australia. Kerr said copper, zinc, nickel and cobalt were attractive commodities, suited to Chinas move to a consumption-led economy, and South32 has decades technical expertise.

In SA, the feasibility study into the $265m Klipspruit life extension project has been completed and a final investment decision will be made before end-December. Kerr said Klipspruits current reserve would be depleted by 2020.

Mike Fraser, president and chief operating officer for Africa, said Klipspruit was close to Eskoms Kusile power station and although it was an export coal mine, the mix could be changed to suit Eskoms needs.

At the end of June South32 held $1.6bn in net cash, five times more than a year ago.

It recently began a $500m share buyback programme, which was raised to $750m, as the most efficient mechanism for returning cash to shareholders. About $539m of the programme is still to be spent.

The shares added 1% to R30.73 after the announcement.

mathewsc@fm.co.za

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South32 plans a BEE boost – Business Day (registration)

Texas A&M AgriLife – agriculture teaching, research & service

What is AgriLife? Its a simple word for a diverse organization. With teaching, research, extension education, laboratory, and forestry facilities throughout Texas, we serve people of all ages and backgrounds. Led by Dr. Mark A. Hussey, vice chancellor and dean, Texas A&M AgriLife includes the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service, Texas A&M AgriLife Research, Texas A&M University College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Texas A&M Forest Service, and the Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory.

Were problem solvers. Collaborating with members of The Texas A&M University System statewide as well as with other public and private partners we take on todays most critical issues in protecting our environment, feeding our world, growing our economy, improving our health and enriching our youth.

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Texas A&M AgriLife – agriculture teaching, research & service

Virginia Cooperative Extension | Virginia Cooperative …

Virginia Cooperative Extensionputs university knowledge into the hands of people. We are credible experts and educators who provide information, education, and tools you can use every day to improve your life.

Visit one of our107 local offices, explore our website, read a publication, attend a program, or join a 4-H club just a few of the many ways you can tap into our knowledge and use it to make a difference in your life.

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Virginia Cooperative Extension | Virginia Cooperative …

Global Naval Ship Modernization Assessment, Forecast to 2026 – PR Newswire (press release)

Countries have to maintain a large number of operational naval assets in order to build deterrence, protect sovereignty, and secure Sea Lines of Communication (SLOC). Operators are initiating comprehensive midlife upgrades and life extension programs in order to field adequate operational assets. The naval ship modernization market will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.3% during 20162026 and result in a total valuation of $49.10 billion. The market will be dominated by upgrades for surface combatant and submarine segments (92.5% of the total market).

Through this research service, Frost & Sullivan provides an assessment of global naval ship modernization programs, opportunities, forecasts, and technology trends from a macro level and also from a comprehensive micro-level countrywise assessment.

Key Target Audience

The key target audience includes: Defense OEMs and Integrators (especially their marketing and sales teams) Tier 1/ Tier 2/Tier 3 Suppliers Defense Consultants and Researchers Educational Bodies Personnel Working with Ministry/Department of Defense

Research ScopeThe market trends are analyzed for the study period 2016 to 2026, with the base year being 2016. The scope of the study is global, covering most nations which field a naval force.

The market is segmented across surface combatants, submarines, support ships, and patrol boats. Each segment is broken up into different vessel types and classes for granularity in information. Companies mentioned in the study include Lockheed Martin, Terma, Atlas Electronick, Raytheon, STM, TKMS, Kongsberg Marine, HII, and DCNS among others.

Country-specific modernization, life extension, and upgrade programs are arrived at using a combination of data including vessel acquisition and commissioning time frames, defense contract data, previous upgrades, defense spending patterns, and geopolitical exigencies.

Key Questions This Study Will Answer What are the committed, planned, and upcoming opportunities in the naval ship modernization market over the next 10 years? Which geographical markets and segments are growing? What are the key success factors that OEMs should consider in the market? What drives the need for modernizing naval ships in different nations and how do their procurement preferences and market dynamics differ? What are the major programs underway and planned within these markets and what opportunities do they open up for OEMs/contractors? Read the full report: http://www.reportlinker.com/p05075872/Global-Naval-Ship-Modernization-Assessment-Forecast-to.html

About Reportlinker ReportLinker is an award-winning market research solution. Reportlinker finds and organizes the latest industry data so you get all the market research you need – instantly, in one place.

http://www.reportlinker.com

Contact Clare: clare@reportlinker.com US: (339)-368-6001 Intl: +1 339-368-6001

View original content:http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/global-naval-ship-modernization-assessment-forecast-to-2026-300508722.html

SOURCE Reportlinker

http://www.reportlinker.com/

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Global Naval Ship Modernization Assessment, Forecast to 2026 – PR Newswire (press release)

COD board approves 4-year contract extension with adjunct faculty – Suburban Life Publications

Mark Busch file photo – mbusch@shawmedia.com

Caption

College of DuPage adjunct faculty will receive a four-year contract extension under an agreement approved by the COD Board of Trustees and COD Adjuncts Association.

We appreciate our positive relationship with CODAA and we are very pleased to have reached this agreement, which we believe reflects the role and contributions of our adjunct faculty colleagues, COD President Ann Rondeau said in a news release from the college. We look forward to continued collaboration as we work together to serve our students.

The COD board has agreed to a pay schedule incorporating a 2.6-percent overall increase for fall 2017, according to the release. Increases in subsequent years will be determined by the Consumer Price Index Urban, plus 0.5 percent, with a minimum increase of 1 percent and maximum of 3 percent, the release stated.

Additionally, the contract includes an increase in the available pool for professional educational development funds and compensation for committee participation, according to the release.

“We believe CODAA and the college negotiated a contract that has resulted in significant improvements for adjuncts and is a move toward greater equity and fairness, COD Adjuncts Association President Cheryl Baunbach-Caplan said in the release.We thank the college’s bargaining team, COD President Dr. Ann Rondeau, and the Board of Trustees for working with us in a respectful and mutually beneficialmanner.”

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COD board approves 4-year contract extension with adjunct faculty – Suburban Life Publications

Life Extension – Vitacost

Dear Vitacost.com Customer:

We regret to inform you that Burts Bees, which is owned by parent company Clorox, has decided to stop selling their products through Vitacost.com. Neither Clorox nor Burts Bees offered an explanation for this change, other than saying that selling through our website is not consistent with their current strategy.

We find it unfortunate that you will no longer be able to benefit from the convenience of online delivery of this product, as well as Vitacost.coms competitive pricing.

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Life Extension – Vitacost

For The First Time Ever, A Woman in China Was Cryogenically Frozen – Futurism

Preserving Life Through Cryonics

Cryonics is the practice of deep-freezing recently deceased bodies(or even just the brains of those who have recently died)in the hopes of one day reviving them. It has been the subject of serious scientific exploration and study as well as a fair share of pseudoscience, lore, and myth. Fictional accounts like Batmans Iceman, and the (untrue) rumors of Walt Disney being cryogenically frozen have, unfortunately, cast a speculative shadow over the field of cryonics.

But recently, for the first time ever in China, a woman has been cryogenically frozen. Zhan Wenlian died at the age of 49 from lung cancer and her husband, Gui Junmin, volunteered her for the cryonic procedure. Bothhe and his late wife wanted to donate her body to science to give back to society. He told Mirror UKthat hewas initially pitched the idea of cryonics with it being described as a life preservation project.

This procedure which has Wenlians body restingfacedownin 2,000 liters of liquid nitrogen was completed at theYinfeng Biological Group in Jinan. This project is the collaborative effortof the Yinfeng Biological Group, Qilu Hospital Shandong University and consultants from Alcor Life Extension Foundation, a nonprofit cryonics company based in the United States.

Even with all the faith many have in the procedure, the question remains: how scientifically possible is a project like this? Is this just an experiment to allow us to better understand human biology, orcould cryonics one day become a feasible option?

Cryonics is all about timing.The bodies of the deceased arecryogenically frozenimmediately after the heartstops beating. Freezing is a bit of a misleading term, because cryonic freezing is actually very specifically trying toavoidice crystal formation which damages the cells of the bodys tissues. Rapid cooling, rather than freezing, is a more accuratedescription of the process. A chemical cocktail of preservatives likeglycerol andpropandiol, in addition to antifreeze agents, are commonly used to get the body into a stable state where it wont be decaying, but also wont suffer damage from being stored at low temperatures for, conceivably, a very long time.

From there, the bodiesare given specific care that caters to the idea that death is a continuing process; one that can ultimately be reversed. The aim of cryonic preservation would be to one day be able to thaw the bodies and reanimate them at a cellular level preferably without too many epigenetic changes.

I tend to believe in new and emerging technologies, so I think it will be completely possible to revive her.

With ourcurrent understanding and technology, this process of reversingdeath so completely is just not possible. The closest kind of revival we have are themoments after clinical death where patients are revived by something such as cardiac defibrillation. Cryonics acts within this critical, albeit brief, period as well but works within the belief that death is a grey area. More of a processrather than a definite, final, event.

Just because we havent succeeded in reviving the dead yetdoesnt mean the field of cryonics isunnecessary or unimportant.This first case inChina is a major step forward for everyone researching inthe field of cryonics and those of us who may, one day, hope to benefit from advancements in it.

We may not be able to reverse death just yet,but it doesnt seem outof the realm of possibility to imagine that, with such wild scientific advancements underway, technology could one day allow it to be possible. Whether or not it does in our lifetimes, this most recent development is certainly a positive one.

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For The First Time Ever, A Woman in China Was Cryogenically Frozen – Futurism

Extension brings finance class to jail – Nevada Herald

David Black, Family Financial Education Specialist with the University of Missouri Extension, teaches a 90-minute course entitled, Establishing A Financial Foundation, to a class of 10 women at the Vernon County Jail on Tuesday afternoon. This was the second time Black has taught this class. He will lead this and other finance courses on a bi-weekly basis at the jail as part of the sheriffs effort to help people stay out of jail by providing them with job and life skills.

Johannes Brann

Sooner or later, nearly all of the prisoners in the Vernon County Jail will be released into society. To be successful on the outside, they will need a number of so-called soft skills or work-readiness training which include such things as how to interview, showing up for work, being on time and getting along with difficult people, whether they are supervisors, co-workers or customers.

Said Vernon County Sheriff Jason Mosher, They will also need to know how to manage money other than by stealing, selling drugs or by relying on payday loans and pawn shops.

This last needed skill is the reason behind the Establishing A Financial Foundation class taught by David Black, Family Financial Education Specialist with the University of Missouri Extension. For Black, who has a Masters of Business Administration and serves Vernon and four surrounding counties; Tuesday afternoon was his second one-hour class at the jail.

The first class was earlier this month and with all the questions it went about an hour-and-a-half, said Black. I think they were interested in what we covered.

Tuesdays class was even livelier as 10 women prisoners filed into a classroom in the jail.

Knowing that one of the most requested treats by prisoners is ice cream, the Sheriff put the students in a good frame of mind by providing cups, vanilla ice cream and root beer to make a root beer float.

Once all were seated, Black had a quiet and attentive class as he opened with one of his favorite quotes, Learning how to handle money is just as important as making it.

He went on to cover four areas: getting a transitional job, creating a spending plan, keeping your money safe and avoiding money traps.

Introducing the last topic, Black held up his hand and asked, How many of you ever got a pay day loan or used a pawn shop?

All hands shot up.

And how did that work out for you? asked Black.

Several called out, Awful.

Tell me, said Black pointing to one who had spoken aloud.

I pawned an air-compressor which cost over a $100 but he only gave me $8 to pawn it, said the sole person in the third row.

And what did it cost you to get it back? continued Black. I bet it cost you a lot more than eight dollars.

Yeah, it cost me like $15 for the compressor and it cost me a lot of trouble because the compressor wasnt mine to begin with.

Amidst laughter, another called out, Doing things like that is why youre here.

Being a skilled teacher and with the experience gained from his first career, Black waited for the laughter to die down and with all eyes on him asked, Do you see why theyre called money traps?

Every head nodded in agreement.

Realizing he had a teachable moment Black said, Mistakes happen to everyone. He paused and said, Everyone. But smart people learn from their mistakes and change things for the better, both with money and with life.

Heads nodded; message received.

Besides having a background in finance, his first career made him a natural fit for teaching in the jail.

Before I got into finance, my first career was in law enforcement, said Black. Altogether I put in about seven years with about three of those with the Joplin Police Department as a member of the patrol and the Special Response Team before joining Greene County.

Mosher and Chief Deputy Shayne Simmons had been discussing the need for various short term classes when Simmons attended a monthly meeting of the Vernon County Resource Group in place of the sheriff.

The VCRG consists of people from businesses, law enforcement, social service and religious groups across the county who have committed themselves to tackle various problems including public transportation and jobs for those released from jail.

At one particular meeting, Black mentioned the classes he has available through Extension and would be glad to teach. After the meeting, Simmons spoke to Black and that led to what are, for now, bi-weekly classes on finance at the jail.

Following Tuesdays class, Black said, The first two sessions were the same material and everyone in each class was female. In two weeks, the next class will be with males. The chief (Simmons) and I talked about varying things up so we cover other topics but all of mine will be on finance.

Black knew the material and clearly was at ease with his class.

Also on hand was Tonya Raines, program specialist with MU Extension for SkillUp, a state job-training program which is a partnership with the Missouri Department of Social Services, Missouri Job Centers and the Missouri Community College Association.

Raines was on hand to explain how those receiving food stamp benefits may be eligible for scholarships for short-term job training programs.

Its a case management program and for those who qualify, they can get up to $10,000 in short-term job and career training/education and even some equipment needed for a job as well as child care assistance, said Raines.

Asked for examples by the class she spoke of help getting a commercial drivers license and learning to drive a truck or becoming a Certified Nurse Assistant and then moving on to being a Medical Technician, Medical Assistant or Licensed Practical Nurse.

Several asked for contact information.

Shortly after the class ended, the sheriff returned from having served a search warrant.

Mosher said the purpose and goal is for those in class not to return to jail.

Said the sheriff, And if were not seeing them in here because theyre not breaking the law, thats a burglary report were not taking, thats a drug house were not having to kick the door in on. The bottom line is well increase safety and decrease crime in our county by helping people realize theres a better alternative and route they can keep on choosing.

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Extension brings finance class to jail – Nevada Herald

Competition to replace US nuclear missiles is down to 2 companies, but uncertainties remain – CNBC

The competition to replace America’s 1970s-era nuclear-tipped intercontinental ballistic missile program is now down to two large defense companies in a contract that the Air Force originally estimated would cost about $62 billion.

Yet there’s still a lot of uncertainty about the project, and its acquisition costs for taxpayers could go up to as much as $140 billion. Also, some critics of the program suggest we should just continue maintaining the current nuclear missiles as a deterrent for another decade to save money.

Regardless, the Air Force announced late Monday that Boeing and Northrop Grumman each won three-year contracts for the “technology maturation and risk reduction,” or essentially the preliminary design phase, of the Ground-Based Strategic Deterrent intercontinental ballistic missile weapon system program.

Lockheed Martin had been in the running, but it didn’t prevail.

GBSD is a modernization planned for the land-based Minuteman III, one leg of the nation’s nuclear triad land, sea and air-based capabilities.

Boeing was the prime contractor on the Minuteman III system, which dates back to 1970s and has been undergoing continued maintenance to keep it in service.

“It was an important win for Boeing,” Jefferies analyst Howard Rubel said in an interview. The analyst said Boeing’s defense business has suffered several setbacks in recent years, including losing the long-range strike bomber contact to Northrop and having problems with its aerial tanker program.

However, he said Boeing and Northrop each are now “competing to be the eventual prime contractor” on the GBSD program. “You went from three competitors to two. You went from what I call broad concepts to now, two competing designers, who will come up with an industrialization concept that will…probably have some testing done to prove certain points along the way.”

Boeing has yet to announce all of its partners in the GBSD program, and Northrop has announced some but not all.

Rubel said in a research note that he expects Orbital ATK and Aerjet Rocketdyne to also eventually get some work from the GBSD “as producers of large solid rocket motors. We expect the two companies to split the propulsion work in some fashion.”

This is the first of several phases in the contract process for the GBSD program, although the Pentagon isn’t expected to settle on a sole contractor for another few years. Production and then deployment aren’t expected until the late 2020s.

The two contracts announced Monday, valued at no more than $359 million apiece, are just a small portion of what the overall program will cost. The Pentagon’s independent cost assessment and program evaluation office last year upped the estimated acquisition cost to between $85 billion and about $140 billion.

“We are moving forward with modernization of the ground-based leg of the nuclear triad,” Secretary of the Air Force Heather Wilson said in a statement. “Our missiles were built in the 1970s. Things just wear out, and it becomes more expensive to maintain them than to replace them. We need to cost-effectively modernize.”

The modernization of the nation’s nuclear comes at a time when superpowers such as Russia and China are modernizing their weapons. Also there are rogue countries such as North Korea that also are a nuclear threat with missile development programs.

Even so, some have suggested that the nuclear weapon capability using bombers and submarines is a more effective deterrent because they are harder to detect and can be dispersed. The Trump administration is conducting a nuclear posture review that will debate whether the U.S. should maintain the triad.

Also, some critics of the GBSD program believe the Pentagon should keep the current Minuteman III missiles as a deterrent for at least another decade rather than replacing it right away.

“Sustaining the Minuteman III for a period of time (say 10-15 years) beyond 2030 would be cheaper than GBSD over that period,” said Reif Kingston, director of disarmament and threat reduction policy for the ACA. “The case for deferring a decision on GBSD and pursuing another life extension of the Minuteman III is strong.”

To be clear, Kingston said deferring the modernization would require a reduction, but not elimination, in the size of the current force of land-based nuclear ICBMs. “A smaller force would not diminish the overall strength and credibility of the U.S. nuclear deterrent,” he said.

Added Kingston, “We haven’t built a new intercontinental ballistic missile in decades. As the program proceeds, they will have start to get a better sense of the costs. But at this point, there’s a lot of uncertainty, and the Air Force’s estimate ($62 billion) by all accounts is unrealistically low.”

According to Kingston, a good portion of the data that the Air Force and others in the Pentagon had to work with to get an acquisition estimate on the Minuteman III replacement is “old and incomplete.”

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Competition to replace US nuclear missiles is down to 2 companies, but uncertainties remain – CNBC


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