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Freedom Synonyms, Freedom Antonyms – Merriam-Webster

1 the state of being free from the control or power of another Synonyms autonomy, independence, independency, liberty, self-determination, self-governance, self-government, sovereignty (also sovranty) Related Words emancipation, enfranchisement, liberation, manumission, release Near Antonyms captivity, enchainment, enslavement, immurement, imprisonment, incarceration, internment, subjugation Antonyms dependence (also dependance), heteronomy, subjection, unfreedom

2 the right to act or move freely Synonyms authorization, free hand, latitude, license (or licence), run Related Words authority, clutch, command, control, dominion, grip, hold, mandate, mastery, power, sway; range, room, space; blank check, carte blanche

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Freedom Synonyms, Freedom Antonyms – Merriam-Webster

Freedom Sports Association

Visit Our Sponsors Tournament Calendar: June 2016 S M T W T F S 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

7/2/2016 – Freedom Sports Burlington Tournament Burlington – City Park, NC 1hr-Rec, 2hr-Lower-Comp, 3hr-Comp

7/2/2016 – Freedom Firecracker Classic Westerville – Hoff Woods Park, OH Upper-Coed, Masters

7/2/2016 – Freedom Firecracker Comp NIT Westerville – Hoff Woods Park, OH 3hr-Comp

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Freedom Sports Association

Illinois Freedom of Information Act – University of Illinois

As of November 2011, all Freedom of Information requests to the University of Illinois administration or any of the three University campuses are processed by the Office for University Relations.

TheIllinois Freedom of Information Act(FOIA) provides public access to government documents and records. The Illinois FOIA notes that it is “the public policy of the State of Illinois that all persons are entitled to full and complete information regarding the affairs of government and the official acts and policies of those who represent them as public officials and public employees consistent with the terms of this Act. Such access is necessary to enable the people to fulfill their duties of discussing public issues fully and freely, making informed political judgments and monitoring government to ensure that it is being conducted in the public interest.”

The IllinoisAttorney General office websiteprovides details about the act. The site includes an FAQ (frequently asked questions) document written by staff in the AG’s office for individuals employed by “public bodies” such as the University of Illinois.

As a state institution, the University of Illinois issubject to the Illinois FOIA. Alog of all FOIA requests is maintained by the Office for University Relations, which manages the FOIA process for the U of I. Requests filed under the Freedom of Information Act, response letters, and responsive documents are themselves public records and subject to FOIA requests.

The University of Illinois provides countless documents and information without the requirement of filing a FOIA request. The FOIA process can be complicated and information can be provided without that step. However, some requestors — or the University — may determine that a formal request for records under FOIA is appropriate. In those instances, a thorough reading of the pages listed below will provide helpful information about the process, contact names, and how a request is handled.

For more detailed information, read:

If you have questions, please contact theOffice for University Relationsat 217-333-6400.


Illinois Freedom of Information Act – University of Illinois

Freedom Boat Club Chicago Illinois Freedom Boat Club

Welcome to Freedom Boat Club Chicago. We are the perfect alternative to boat ownership, or renting a boat on Lake Michigan. In fact, your monthly membership fee can be less than renting a boat for just one day in Chicago. The best part of being a member in Freedom Boat Club Chicago is that you dont have any of the hassles that come with owning a boat. You dont pay for insurance, docking fees, depreciation, maintenance, or storage. If you are looking to buy a boat to store in San Diego, or you like to rent boats multiple times per year, this is a new alternative without all the hassles that come with owning a boat. And, were adding new boats to our fleets all the time!

Your membership gives you access to our entire fleet in your membership class. New members also receive free basic training.

Membership in Freedom Boat Club Chicago is easy. You pay a one-time initiation fee, and then low monthly dues.

Whether you want to spend more time with your friends and family, want to dive Lake Michigan wrecks, love to fish, or just want to hang out in the Playpen, Freedom Boat Club Chicago has the boat in our fleet thats right for every occasion. The boat is waiting. Why are you? Join Freedom Boat Club Chicago and experience the smart alternative to boat ownership or renting! Start the process by emailing Michael Johnston today.

We are conveniently located on L Dock at Montrose Harbor, minutes from River North and many suburbs. Stop by the dock for a tour, or schedule an appointment to learn more by clicking here.

Get Pre-Approved for membership by clicking here.

Check us out on social media, too!

*we hate SPAM too, so we don’t do it, period.

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Freedom Boat Club Chicago Illinois Freedom Boat Club

Freedom Heating and Cooling

Thank you for visiting Freedom Heating & Cooling. We are here to serve you – Whether it’s heating or cooling, we’ve got you covered. Our licensed & insured technicians are on call 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. We take great pride in our prompt service and rapid response. With 30 years of experience, our technicians offer reliable service that you can count on and at prices you can afford. See our Heating Coupons and Air Conditioning coupons.

Any Repair Over $200

Any New Installation Package

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Freedom Heating and Cooling

City of Montgomery Texas

The City of Montgomery has historical buildings in Fernland Park open to the public! Fernland Park is full of educational opportunities for the family so bring everyone along and enjoy a day in Historical Fernland Park and the City of Montgomery.

Please click the link below for hours of operation: Hours of Operation

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City of Montgomery Texas

Freedom Arms Inc.

.500 Wyoming Express Intro. (pdf) | .500 Wyoming Express (pdf) | .500 Wyoming Express Data (pdf) 224-32FA Data (pdf) | | .454 Loading Data | .454 Loading Data (pdf) | Preferred Dealer List Distributors & Exporter Information | Collector’s Association | Revolver Specifications Chart.(pdf)

Our Current Stock Gun List & Misc. Items & Discontinued Items.(pdf) 1998-2015 Freedom Arms Inc. All rights reserved. Click here for terms.

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Freedom Arms Inc.

Welcome to Freedom Newspaper Online

Categories Select Category Advertisements(4) Africa News(3) Bombshell(7) Breaking News(197) Business(2) Celebrities(6) Diaspora(20) Economy(16) Editorial(14) Entertainment(4) Gambia Affairs(56) Government(26) Health(9) Interviews(4) Investment(17) Legal Affairs(19) Letters To The Editor(149) Life and Style(1) Music(1) Orbituary Announcements(4) Politics(26) Press Release(31) Property(1) SeneGambia News(26) Sports(2) The Assasins(12) The Soldier(23) Tourism(10) Videos(10) Whistle Blower(2) World News(4)

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Welcome to Freedom Newspaper Online

Quotes About Freedom (4209 quotes)

Its probably not just by chance that Im alone. It would be very hard for a man to live with me, unless hes terribly strong. And if hes stronger than I, Im the one who cant live with him. Im neither smart nor stupid, but I dont think Im a run-of-the-mill person. Ive been in business without being a businesswoman, Ive loved without being a woman made only for love. The two men Ive loved, I think, will remember me, on earth or in heaven, because men always remember a woman who caused them concern and uneasiness. Ive done my best, in regard to people and to life, without precepts, but with a taste for justice. Coco Chanel

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Quotes About Freedom (4209 quotes)

Freedom (2015) – Rotten Tomatoes

The Tomatometer rating based on the published opinions of hundreds of film and television critics is a trusted measurement of movie and TV programming quality for millions of moviegoers. It represents the percentage of professional critic reviews that are positive for a given film or television show.


The Tomatometer is 60% or higher.


The Tomatometer is 59% or lower.

Certified Fresh

Movies and TV shows are Certified Fresh with a steady Tomatometer of 75% or higher after a set amount of reviews (80 for wide-release movies, 40 for limited-release movies, 20 for TV shows), including 5 reviews from Top Critics.

Audience Score

Percentage of users who rate a movie or TV show positively.

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Freedom (2015) – Rotten Tomatoes

North Alabama Campus – Freedom Bible College

Freedom Bible College & Seminary North Alabama Campus 615 Brownsferry Street Athens, AL 35611 256-230-1600 E-Mail

Welcome from all of us at FBCS North Alabama Branch. If you’re looking for a place to earn a degree and receive help in releasing your potential, search no further.

One of my goals as pastor and teacher is making disciples of Christ through the help of the Holy Spirit so that men and woman can understand their function and fulfill their purpose. Believers in Christ are most certainly involved warfare against an already defeated enemy. Therefore, unless they study God’s Word to equip themselves with the tools needed for the particular ministry He’s given them, they will not walk in victory.

I believe that you have the potential to accomplish everything that God has purposed for your life, but whether or not you learn how to release this potential is your decision. It is my hope that you make this decision and seek enrollment here at FBCS North Alabama. We presently offer Christian Workers and Pastoral Certificates, Associate Degrees in Ministry; Bachelor of Biblical Studies,

Theology, and Ministry, and Master and Doctorate of Theology, Ministry, Christian Education. Other major fields will be added as they are needed. All programs are tailored especially for you and your budget.

As President of FBCS North Alabama, I am proud to be affiliated with Dr. Vicki Church, President in our home office at Siloam Springs, Arkansas. Dr. Church works constantly and selectively as they are led by the Holy Spirit in setting up branches of FBCS in various countries around the world and across the United States.

Graduates of FBCS stand proud because they have become a part of an elite group who have earned a recognized degree from a college and seminary that endeavors the Great Commission of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ (Matthew 28:19-20).

Thank you for visiting our site, and may God bless you in your search. I am ready to assist you in setting up your program of study. If you have further questions email me at drrodhowell@juno.com

You may phone me at 256-230-1600.

No one will be denied acceptance into the North Alabama Branch because of sex, race or denominational background.

Students enrolled in one of the FBCS branches or FMTCs attend class only one or two times a week. The rest of the work is done in the comfort of their home. This plan allows the student to complete a 4 year degree or certificate in 2 years.

**Tuition may be financed with monthly payments to fit your budget!!


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North Alabama Campus – Freedom Bible College

Freedom! ’90 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

“Freedom ’90” (also known simply as “Freedom”) is a song written, produced,and performed by George Michael, and released on Columbia Records in 1990. The “’90” added to the end of the title is to prevent confusion with a hit by Michael’s former band, Wham!, also titled “Freedom”.

It was the third single taken from Listen Without Prejudice Vol. 1, though released as the second single from the album in Australia. “Freedom ’90” was one of a few uptempo songs on this album, it was also a major hit and went to #8 in the US. The song is referring to Michael’s past success with Wham!, yet also shows a new side of himself as a new man, who is more cynical about the music business than he had been before. Michael refused to appear in the video and allowed a group of supermodels to appear instead.

George Michael performed the song during the closing ceremony of the 2012 London Olympics.

By 1990, Michael had grown weary of the pressures of fame, telling the Los Angeles Times, “At some point in your career, the situation between yourself and the camera reverses. For a certain number of years, you court it and you need it, but ultimately, it needs you more and it’s a bit like a relationship. The minute that happens, it turns you off … and it does feel like it is taking something from you.” He decided that he no longer wanted to do photo shoots or music videos,[1][2] saying, “I would like to never step in front of a camera again.”[2]

Although he relented and decided to make a video for his new song, he still refused to appear in it. Instead, inspired by Peter Lindbergh’s now-iconic portrait of Naomi Campbell, Linda Evangelista, Tatjana Patitz, Christy Turlington, and Cindy Crawford for the January 1990 cover of the British edition of Vogue, Michael asked the five models to appear in the video. While it was not uncommon at the time for models to appear in music videos, usually such models played the love interest of the singer, as with Christie Brinkley’s appearance in her then-husband Billy Joel’s “Uptown Girl” video, or Turlington’s appearance in Duran Duran’s “Notorious” video when she was 17 years old. For “Freedom ’90”, the five models would not portray Michael’s on-screen girlfriends, but would lip-synch the song in his place. Evangelista took some persuading before agreeing to appear in the video, saying, “He thought it would make us into a big deal, that it would be good for us. I was like, ‘Please, we’re here. We’ve already arrived!'” After speaking with Michael, she was convinced, and rearranged her schedule. In a 2015 Vanity Fair article, Evangelista reflected on her decision positively, saying, “Little did I know that to this day, when someone meets me for the first time, they bring up that video. That’s what they remember. So yeah, George was right.” An initial disagreement over their salaries was resolved when Annie Veltri, who represented Crawford, Evangelista, Campbell, and Patitz at Elite Model Management, made it clear that all of her clients would receive the same compensation$15,000 a day.[1]

The video was directed by David Fincher, whose “dark and graphic style, distinguished by velvety-rich color, moody interiors and crisp storytelling”, had earned him notice for his work on Madonna’s “Express Yourself” video the previous year. His team for the multi-day “Freedom! ’90” shoot included Camilla Nickerson, who went on to become a Vogue contributing editor, as the clothes stylist, hair stylist Guido and makeup artist Carol Brown. The video was shot in a vast building in the London Borough of Merton that Nickerson says exhibited “a grandeur and a Blade Runner feel.”[1]

The 92-sketch storyboard called for each model to film on separate days, with the exception of Evangelista and Turlington, who appear in a scene together. Each model was assigned a verse to lip-synch, while for the song’s chorus, Fincher envisioned the three iconic items from Michael’s 1987 music video “Faith” that had come to symbolize his public image: his leather jacket, a Wurlitzer jukebox, and guitar, exploding in a ball of flame at each occurrence of the word “freedom” during the chorus. Whereas “Faith” had opened with a jukebox phonograph needle touching a vinyl record, “Freedom! ’90” opens with a compact disc player’s laser beam reading a CD.[1]

Nickerson envisioned a “low-key street style” for the wardrobe, which she characterizes as “a sort of undone beauty”, in contrast to the prevailing “vampy, larger-than-life” direction in which the fashion industry, typified by models doing film work, was moving at the time. The black sweater worn by Evangelista was from Nickerson’s own closet, and the studded biker boots worn by Campbell belonged to Nickerson’s boyfriend. Most of the wardrobe budget, however, went to the 60-foot-long linen sheet used by Turlington, the nature of which was specified by Fincher. Guido looked to each model’s personality to devise hairdos that would effect a sense of their “true beauty”. Evangelista was up until 3:00am the night before the shoot dying her hair platinum blonde, which reflected the cool-blue lights of the set, while Campbell’s hair was curled and pulled up with a headband for a 1960s “tough chic” in order to highlight her movement for a shot in which she dances solo. Patitz’s hair was framed with soft curls and Turlington’s was gelled back to exploit her statuesque form as her character crosses the screen trailing the linen sheet. Brown also tried to bring out each model’s personality with makeup, saying, “Cindy was the sexy one; Christy was the cool, classic one; and Linda was the chameleon. She could do anything.” Following Fincher’s instruction that Crawford’s makeup look “completely trashed, as if she’d been in a steamy atmosphere,” Brown did Crawford’s makeup, and then oiled it down by covering her with glycerin. Crawford spent most of her time topless and sitting in an empty bathtub, resting on an apple box so that enough of her would be visible. Brown recalls, “The poor girl must have been freezing because it wasn’t hot in there. I remember her walking across that studio so fearlessly and proudly and not making any sort of a big deal that she was wearing only a G-string.”[1]

Despite not appearing in the video, Michael was on set. Guido recalls, “We’d drink red wine and sing songs in the evening because it kind of went on late, and George was just like one of the gang, in the trailers, hanging out.” On the last day of shooting, Brown broke her own rule about not asking the celebrities she worked with for autographs. On her copy of the video’s production booklet, Michael wrote: “Thanks, I never looked so good.”[1]

The video premiered a few weeks after the shoot, and went into heavy rotation on MTV. Judy McGrath, a former CEO of MTV Networks reminisces, “I remember watching it and thinking, This is entrancing. The ’90s was a time of incredible creative freedom, when you had a generation of directors making a new visual language, and you had musicians driving the pop-culture conversation, and ‘Freedom’ kind of kicked off that whole period.” A few months later, at the conclusion[3] of his 1991 fall fashion show in Milan, designer Gianni Versace sent Crawford, Evangelista, Campbell and Turlington down the runway. The four of them stood in a huddle, mouthing along to “Freedom”. It marked the zenith of the 1990s supermodel era, which would end with the grunge movement, which was ushered in by Nirvana’s 1991 album “Nevermind”.[1]

Reflecting on the video in 2015, Crawford stated that at the time, they perceived themselves to simply be making “a really cool video”, but that in retrospect, the video exhibits a dark humor: As MTV had altered the music industry so that physical beauty was now necessary to sell music, the video used five beautiful faces in lieu of the song’s vocalist in order to poke fun at this.[1]

“Freedom ’90” was 6:30 long, but a shorter version was made available for radio consumption cutting down the intro and the bridge. The addition of the year to the title was to distinguish the song from “Freedom”, a #1 hit in the UK for Wham! in 1984 (#3 in the US in 1985). It was the second US single from the album Listen Without Prejudice Vol. 1, and had contrasting fortunes on each side of the Atlanticit peaked #28 on the UK Singles Chart, but was a major success on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, reaching #8 and selling over 500,000 copies to earn a Gold certification from the RIAA. It remained in the Billboard Top 40 for 12 weeks in late 1990 and early 1991.[4]In Canada, Michael achieved another charttopper.

CD single (USA) (Released 15 December 1990)

“Freedom” was covered in 1996 by Robbie Williams who released it as his debut single since leaving Take That. It reached #2 in the UK, twenty-six places higher than George Michael’s original, and had not been included on any of his albums until 2010, when it was included on Williams’ greatest hits album In and Out of Consciousness: The Greatest Hits 19902010. The single had sold 280,000 copies by the end of 1996, being certified Silver by the BPI.[14] Williams had left Take That the previous year and therefore could identify himself with much of the sentiment in the song, although he did not use the line “we had every bigshot goodtime band on the run boy, we were living in a fantasy” in his version. The music video shows Williams dancing in the sea and in a field, celebrating his separation from his former group. Williams later admitted that the song had not even been recorded by the scheduled date of filming and instead mimed to George Michael’s version of the song.

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Freedom! ’90 – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Loxahatchee Apartments for Rent | Loxahatchee, FL

Eager to get a fresh start in a new locale? Well rest easy because finding Loxahatchee apartments for rent has never been simpler and Loxahatchee apartment living has never been this fun! Hi, Im Trey, your Official Loxahatchee apartment living guide. Ive assisted hundreds of residents find Loxahatchee apartments for rent and Im looking forward to helping you too! As your Loxahatchee apartment resource I want to make your apartment shopping experience stress-free by showcasing the most apartments in Loxahatchee, FL and providing you with accurate information on each one, updated every single day. So I invite you to explore Loxahatchee apartments!

Of course, Apartment Home Living is about so much more than just helping you find the right space to match your needs – its also about helping you love your apartment life! Lets face it, apartment living is AWESOME! Why get locked into a mortgage for the next three decades, deal with ever-rising property taxes, or risk being married to neighbors whose hobbies include nude sunbathing, loud polka music and questionable lawn art? Apartment life is all about freedom and fun, and living in Loxahatchee apartments only adds to the appeal. Attractions, excellent night-life, shopping and dining options can be found in almost every corner of this cultural mecca, all located within a few miles from the doorstep of your Loxahatchee apartment.

Looking for high class amenities to go with the newfound freedom your Loxahatchee apartment grants? No worries, as most Loxahatchee rentals offer spacious floor plans, onsite laundry facilities, beautiful and well-maintained swimming pools, and even state-of-the-art fitness areas. Of course, you can always grab a few of your new favorite neighbors and spend a day exploring the areas natural beauty, because lets face it – somehow its that much more relaxing to lie in the local parks grassy field knowing youll never need a lawn mower again!

Remember, just because you arent anchored down with a never-ending mortgage and homeowner upkeep headaches doesnt mean your new apartment isnt still YOUR place! Get creative with this fresh blank canvas, and take advantage of the artistic freedom your new Loxahatchee apartment offers by choosing furnishings and dcor that truly represents your personality. Heck, this might even be the time to finally shoot for that jungle themed bedroom layout youve always secretly envisioned (although you might want to skip the spider monkeys).

In this day and age, everyone knows saving money matters more than ever. With a large number of apartments in Loxahatchee to choose from, youll be firmly in the economic driving seat when it comes to having a wide variety of lease options, floor plans and convenient services at your fingertips. With all of the money youll be saving, odds are good youll be able to splurge on tickets to the big game, take that special someone out for a fine dining experience theyll never forget, or just sleep that much easier at night knowing youve got the financial security that Apartment Home Living allows.

So what are you waiting for? With so many awesome Loxahatchee apartments waiting to be discovered, the possibilities are practically endless…which still hasnt stopped us from compiling some of the best of the best just below! So dive into the multitude of Loxahatchee apartments for rent and discover just how amazing Apartment Home Living can truly be.

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Loxahatchee Apartments for Rent | Loxahatchee, FL

Town of Freedom, NY


The Town of Freedom is located in the northeast corner of Cattaraugus County with a population of 2,405 as of the 2010 Census.

The first settlers arrived around 1811. The Town of Freedom was founded in 1820, composed of land from the “Town of Ischua”. Part of Freedom become the Town of Yorkshire in 1844.

2015 Summer Recreation Sign-up

2015 Freedom Days

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Town of Freedom, NY

Racine, Wisconsin – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Racine, Wisconsin City Nickname(s): The Belle City of the Lakes, Kringleville, Invention City[1] Location of Racine, Wisconsin Location in the United States Coordinates: 424334N 874821W / 42.72611N 87.80583W / 42.72611; -87.80583Coordinates: 424334N 874821W / 42.72611N 87.80583W / 42.72611; -87.80583 Country United States State Wisconsin County Racine Government Mayor John Dickert Area[2] City 18.68sqmi (48.38km2) Land 15.48sqmi (40.09km2) Water 3.20sqmi (8.29km2) Elevation 618ft (188m) Population (2010)[3] City 78,860 Estimate(2013)[4] 78,199 Rank US: 421st Density 5,094.3/sqmi (1,966.9/km2) Urban 133,700 (US: 239th) Metro 195,041 (US: 221th) Time zone CST (UTC-6) Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5) ZIP Codes 53401-53408[5] Area code(s) 262 FIPS code 55-66000[6] GNIS feature ID 1572015[7] Website cityofracine.org

Racine ( RAY-seen) or ( r-SEEN)[8] is a city in and the county seat of Racine County, Wisconsin, United States. It is located on the shore of Lake Michigan at the mouth of the Root River.[9] Racine is centrally located between Milwaukee and Chicago. As of the 2013 U.S. census, the city had a population of 78,199,[10] making it the fifth-largest city in Wisconsin. Its median home price of $103,625[11] makes it the most affordable city in Wisconsin to buy a home.

Racine is the headquarters of a number of industries, including J. I. Case (heavy equipment), S. C. Johnson & Son (cleaning and chemical products), Dremel Corporation, Reliance Controls Corporation, Twin Disc, and Arthur B. Modine (Heat Exchangers). The Mitchell & Lewis Company, a wagonmaker in the 19th century, began making motorcycles and automobiles as Mitchell-Lewis Motor Company at the start of the 20th century. Racine was also home to InSinkErator, the first garbage disposal.[citation needed]Malted milk balls were developed in Racine. Architects of the city included A. Arthur Guilbert and Edmund Bailey Funston. It has several immigrant communities.

Native Americans inhabited the area of Racine as early as 10,000 BCE, but most of the artifacts that have survived, such as the burial mounds in what is now Mound Cemetery, date back only to 500 BCE or later. Historians separate the natives living in the Root watershed at that time into Woodland people, who were more common, and Hopewell people, who were more advanced. After European contact, the Miami and later the Potawatomi expanded into the area, taking part in the French fur trade.

In November of 1674, while traveling from Green Bay to the territory of the Illinois Confederation, Father Jacques Marquette and his assistants, Jacques Largillier and Pierre Porteret, camped at the mouth of the Root River.[12] These were the first Europeans known to visit what is now Racine County. Further expeditions were made in the area by Ren-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle in 1679 and by Franois Jolliet De Montigny and Jean Baptiste Bissot, Sieur de Vincennes in 1698. Nearly a century later, in 1791, a trading post would be established along Lake Michigan near where the Root River empties into it.

Following the Blackhawk War, the area surrounding Racine, which had previously been off-limits, was settled by Yankees from upstate New York and New England. In 1834 Captain Gilbert Knapp USRM, who was from Chatham, Massachusetts, founded the settlement of “Port Gilbert” at the place where the Root River empties into Lake Michigan.[13] Knapp had first explored the area of the Root River valley in 1818, and returned with financial backing when the war ended. Within a year of Knapp’s settlement hundreds of other settlers from New England and western New York had arrived and built log cabins in the area surrounding his own. Some of the settlers were from the town of Derby, Connecticut, and others came from the New England states of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine.[14] The area was previously called “Kipi Kawi” and “Chippecotton” by the indigenous peoples, both names for the Root River. The name “Port Gilbert” was never really accepted, and in 1841 the community was incorporated as the village of Racine, after the French word for “root”. After Wisconsin was admitted to the Union in 1848, the new legislature voted in August to incorporate Racine as a city.

In 1852, Racine College, an Episcopal college, was founded; it closed in 1933.[15] Its location and many of its buildings are preserved today by the Community of St. Mary as part of the DeKoven Center.

Also in 1852, Racine High School, the first public high school in Wisconsin, opened. The high school operated until 1926, when it was torn down to make way for the new Racine County Courthouse. Washington Park High School was built to replace it.[16]

Before the Civil War, Racine was well known for its strong opposition to slavery, with many slaves escaping to freedom via the Underground Railroad passing through the city. In 1854 Joshua Glover, an escaped slave who had made a home in Racine, was arrested by federal marshals and jailed in Milwaukee. One hundred men from Racine, and ultimately 5,000 Wisconsinites, rallied and broke into the jail to free him. He was helped to escape to Canada. Glover’s rescue gave rise to many legal complications and a great deal of litigation. This eventually led to the Wisconsin Supreme Court declaring the Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 unconstitutional, and later, the Wisconsin State Legislature refusing to recognize the authority of the U.S. Supreme Court.

Waves of immigrants, including Danes, Germans, and Czechs, began to settle in Racine between the Civil War and the First World War. African Americans started arriving in large numbers during World War I, as they did in other Midwestern industrial towns, and Mexicans migrated to Racine from roughly 1925 onward.

Unitarians, Episcopalians and Congregationalists from New England initially dominated Racine’s religious life. Racine’s Emmaus Lutheran Church, the oldest Danish Lutheran Church in North America, was founded on August 22, 1851. Originally a founding member of the Danish American Lutheran Church, it has subsequently been a member of the United Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (UDELCA), the American Lutheran Church (ALC), and, since 1988, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA). There was also a large Catholic movement to the city, opening up churches for their own ethnicity, such as St. Stanislaus (Polish), St. Rose (Irish), Holy Name (German), St. Patrick (Irish), Sacred Heart (Italian), St. Joseph (German), St. Mary (German), Holy Trinity (Slovak), St. Casimir (Lithuanian), and others. As years passed, populations moved and St. Stanislaus, Holy Name, Holy Trinity, St. Rose, and St. Casimir merged in 1998, forming St. Richard. With new waves of people arriving, older parishes received a boost from the Hispanic community, which formed Cristo Rey, re-energizing St. Patrick’s into the strong Catholic community of today.

Racine has the largest North American settlement of Danes outside of Greenland.[citation needed] The city has become known for its Danish pastries, particularly kringle. Several local bakeries have been featured on the Food Network[17][18] including O & H Bakery and Bendtsen’s Bakery highlighting the pastry. In June 2010, President Barack Obama stopped at an O & H Bakery before hosting a town hall meeting on the economy and jobs later that afternoon.[19]

Racine was a center of innovation and factory town almost from the beginning. The first industry in Racine County included the manufacture of fanning mills, machines that separate wheat grain from chaff. Racine also had its share of captains of industry, including J. I. Case (heavy equipment), S. C. Johnson & Son (cleaning and chemical products), and Arthur B. Modine (Heat Exchangers). Racine’s harbor was central to the shipping industry in Wisconsin in the late 19th century. Racine was also an early car manufacturing center. One of the world’s first automobiles was built there in 1871 or 1872 by Dr. J. W. Cathcart,[20] as was the Pennington[disambiguation needed] Victoria tricycle,[21] the Mitchell,[22] and the Case.[23]

In 1887, malted milk was invented in Racine by English immigrant William Horlick, and Horlicks remains a global brand. The garbage disposal was invented in 1927 by architect John Hammes of Racine, who founded the company InSinkErator, which still produces millions of garbage disposers every year in Racine.[24] Racine is also the home of S.C. Johnson & Son, whose headquarters were designed in 1936 by Frank Lloyd Wright. Wright also designed the Wingspread Conference Center and several homes and other buildings in Racine. The city is also home to the Dremel Corporation, Reliance Controls Corporation and Twin Disc. Case New Hollands Racine manufacturing facility, which builds two types of tractors (the New Holland T8 and the Case IH Magnum), offers public tours throughout the year.[25]

Racine includes the Old Main Street Historic District. Historic buildings in Racine include the Badger Building, Racine Elks Club, Lodge No. 252, St. Patrick’s Roman Catholic Church, Young Men’s Christian Association Building, Chauncey Hall House, Eli R. Cooley House, George Murray House, Hansen House, Racine College, McClurg Building, First Presbyterian Church, Memorial Hall, Racine Depot, United Laymen Bible Student Tabernacle, Chauncey Hall Building, Thomas P. Hardy House, and Horlick Field. The area is home to several National Register of Historic Places listed structures: National Register of Historic Places listings in Racine County, Wisconsin. The city is also home to Regency Mall.

Frank Lloyd Wright designed and built the Johnson Wax Headquarters building in Racine. The building was and still is considered a marvel of design innovation, despite its many practical annoyances such as leaks. Wright urged then-president Hib Johnson to build the structure outside of Racine, a city Wright thought of as “backwater.” Johnson refused to have the Johnson Wax Headquarters sited anywhere other than Racine.[citation needed]

The Racine County Insane Asylum was established in 1889.[26] The asylum was destroyed in a fire in 1904 that was widely covered in the national press.[27][28] The asylum was rebuilt after the fire, and a home for the county poor was added to the facility in 1918.[29] The institution was also known as the Gatliff Asylum and was served by the Gatliff stop on the railroad.[30][31] Gatliff was named after Nelson Gatliff (18131898), an early pioneer in Racine County who owned extensive farmland.[32] The facility was also used as a tuberculosis sanatorium.[33] Later it was known as High Ridge Hospitals[34] and High Ridge Health Care Center of Racine County.[35] It was razed circa 1980. The site is now a retail development known as High Ridge Centre, with only the old pond remaining from the former asylum.[36]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $37,164, and the median income for a family was $45,150. Males had a median income of $35,079 versus $24,279 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,705. About 10.8% of families and 13.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those aged 65 or over.

As of April 1, 2010, there were 190 cities in Wisconsin[40] and 402 villages in Wisconsin.[41] Four cities in Wisconsin have populations larger than Racine.[42]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 78,860 people, 30,530 households, and 19,222 families residing in the city. The population density was 5,094.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,966.9/km2). There were 33,887 housing units at an average density of 2,189.1 per square mile (845.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.8% White, 22.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 10.3% from other races, and 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.7% of the population.

There were 30,530 households of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.5% were married couples living together, 20.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.0% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.17.

The median age in the city was 33 years. 27.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.6% were from 25 to 44; 23.8% were from 45 to 64; and 10.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.8% male and 51.2% female.

Racine employs community-oriented policing, the systematic use of partnerships and problem-solving techniques to address the immediate conditions that give rise to crime. The number of crimes committed in the city in 2013 dropped in several categories to the lowest point in decades. Racine saw a 38.3 percent drop in violent crime from 2009 to 2013, making it have 10th largest decrease in the country. Property crimes were at their lowest point since 1965, while the number of violent crimes was the lowest for any year on record.[43][44][45]

Racine has a mayor-council form of government. The mayor is the chief executive, elected for a term of four years. The mayor appoints commissioners and other officials who oversee the departments, subject to Common Council approval. Racine’s current mayor is John Dickert (D), who has been the chief executive of the city since 2009.

Racine’s other citywide elected official is the Municipal Judge. The city council, the legislative branch, is made up of 15 aldermen, one elected from each district in the city. The council enacts local ordinances and approves the city budget. Government priorities and activities are established in a budget ordinance usually adopted each November. Being a diverse community with a history of organized labor, the city predominantly votes for the Democratic Party (United States). However, the City’s youngest City Council President was Tom Mortenson, 28, who was a leading Progressive Republican who led ethical reform that served as a model for other municipal governments.

Racine is represented by Paul Ryan (R) in the United States House of Representatives, and by Ron Johnson (R) and Tammy Baldwin (D) in the United States Senate. Robert Wirch (D) and Van H. Wanggaard (R) represent Racine in the Wisconsin State Senate, and Tom Weatherston (R), Peter Barca (D), and Cory Mason (D) represent Racine in the Wisconsin State Assembly.

Fire protection and ambulance service is provided by the City of Racine Fire Department. Police service is provided by the Racine Police Department and Racine County Sheriff.

Racine’s public schools are administered by the Racine Unified School District, which oversees 21 elementary schools, eight middle schools, and six high schools with a combined student enrollment of around 21,000.

University of WisconsinParkside is located two miles (3.2km) south of Racine in Kenosha and Somers. Prior to Parkside’s creation there were state college campuses in both Racine and Kenosha, but with their proximity it was decided they would be better served by one larger campus in between the two cities. A campus of Gateway Technical College, which serves the tri-county area of the southeastern corner of Wisconsin, is located in the downtown district on Lake Michigan.

Racine has several examples of Frank Lloyd Wright’s work, including the Johnson Wax Headquarters, Wingspread, the Thomas P. Hardy House and the Keland House. S.C. Johnson offers free tours of its corporate campus, and receives about 9,000 visitors per year. The Research Tower, which is located on the SC Johnson campus, is one of only 2 existing high rise buildings designed by Frank Lloyd Wright.[51][52] Fortaleza Hall, designed by Norman Foster, houses the “SC Johnson Gallery: Frank Lloyd Wright At Home” and a Frank Lloyd Wright library.[53] The Johnson Wax disc-shaped Golden Rondelle Theater was originally constructed as the Johnson Wax pavilion for the 1964 New York World’s Fair and then relocated to Racine.[54]

The Racine Art Museum, designed by the Chicago architecture firm Brininstool + Lynch, is a modern reuse of an existing structure to house RAMs permanent collection of contemporary craft. The building has an exterior faade of translucent acrylic panels that are illuminated at night, making the museum glow in the dark like a Japanese lantern.[55]

The OS House, a private residence designed by the Milwaukee architecture firm Johnsen Schmaling Architects, was recognized in 2011 as one of the top 10 residential projects in the United States by the American Institute of Architects.[56] The LEED Platinum-certified home was also named in 2011 as one of the top 10 green projects in the country by the AIA,[57][58][59] and in 2012 as one of 11 national winners in the Small Projects category.[60] The OS House has been featured in the New York Times.[61] The house, an example of 21st century modern architecture, is located on the shore of Lake Michigan in Racine’s south side historic district.[62]

Racine is home to museums, theater companies, visual arts organizations, galleries, performance groups, music organizations, dance studios, concert series and special art events[63] (for a complete list see List of Arts and Culture Resources in Racine, Wisconsin.)

The Racine Art Museum is the site of the largest collection of contemporary craft in America, with over 4,000 pieces in art jewelry, ceramics, fibers, glass, metals, polymer, and wood, and over 4,000 works on paper and sculptures.[64] RAM’s satellite campus, Wustum Museum of Fine Arts, presents exhibitions of regional artists along with art classes and workshops.[65][66][67] The Racine Arts Councils exhibitions feature local and regional artists.[68] The annual Get Behind the Arts Studio Tours offer a look inside artists workspaces in Racine and Kenosha.[69]

The Racine Theater Guild annually offers a season of seven to eight main-stage plays and musicals, Racine Childrens Theatre, Jeans Jazz Series and Comedy Tonight.[70] Every winter, Over Our Head Players at 6th Street Theatre hosts Snowdance, a playwriting contest in which audience members determine the winning plays. Entries for the contest come from all over the world.[71]

The Racine Symphony Orchestra performs 2-3 Masterworks concerts per year, several free pops concerts, and an annual concert for fifth graders.[72] Local bands perform free noontime and evening concerts at downtown’s centrally located Monument Square throughout the summer.[73] Weekly open mic opportunities for musicians and other performers are hosted by Family Power Music.[74]

The monthly BONK! Performance Series showcases local, regional and national poets.[75][76]

There are three opportunities for area artists and poets to receive recognition for their work: The RAM Artist Fellowship Program awards four $2,500 fellowships and solo shows every two years to artists working in a variety of media who are at all stages of their careers;[77] The Racine Arts Council ArtSeed Program provides grants ranging from $500 to $1,500 to projects that are new, innovative, experimental and collaborative;[78] the Racine/Kenosha Poet Laureate Program chooses one poet from Racine and one poet from Kenosha every 2 years.[79][80]

The city is known for its large prom celebration, at which students from all the high schools in the city participate in an after prom party. This was featured on the radio show This American Life in Episode #186 “Prom”, which originally aired on June 8, 2001;[81] Racine’s prom tradition was also the subject of the 2006 documentary The World’s Best Prom.

Racine is served by the daily newspaper The Journal Times,[82] which is the namesake (but not current owner) of radio station WRJN (1400). The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel formerly published a Racine-specific page on Thursdays and a Racine County section on Sundays, but dropped those in a series of downsizings that began in 2007. The Insider News covers issues specific to the African-American community. Racinenews.org[83] offers web-based coverage for Racine.[84]

The city has one television station owned by Weigel Broadcasting, WMLW-TV (Channel 49), an independent station which airs syndicated product, and had its analog transmitter just north of the Milwaukee County line in Oak Creek. For all intents and purposes the station serves all of southeastern Wisconsin, with the station offices located in West Allis and the station’s current transmitter is located on the Weigel tower in Milwaukee’s Lincoln Park. WMLW airs a Saturday morning public affairs program called Racine & Me, which is produced and hosted by Jessica Tighe of sister station WDJT-TV, and is devoted to topics of interest to Racine residents. The station’s fourth subchannel also rebroadcasts Telemundo affiliate WYTU-LD.

FM radio stations serving the area are adult hits WVTY (92.1 FM) and urban contemporary WKKV-FM (100.7). WVTY specifically targets Racine and Kenosha and is locally-owned, while WKKV is a station owned by iHeartMedia that, although licensed to Racine and having a transmitter in north-central Racine County, is targeted towards Milwaukee audiences and has its offices in Greenfield. Sturtevant-licensed WDDW-FM (104.7) broadcasts a traditional Mexican music format targeting the metro area’s Mexican-American population.

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Racine, Wisconsin – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Freedom, PA – Freedom, Pennsylvania Map & Directions – MapQuest

Freedom is a borough in Beaver County, Pennsylvania, United States, along the Ohio River 25 miles (40km) northwest of Pittsburgh. In the early years of the twentieth century, the chief industries were the production of oil, caskets, and monuments. In 1900, 1,783 people lived in Freedom; in 1910, 3,060 people lived there. The population was 1,763 at the 2000 census. In 1824, the Harmony Society returned to Pennsylvania, from Indiana. The society settled in what is now Ambridge, Pennsylvania, five miles (8km) up the Ohio River. One of the reasons the society left Indiana was because of harassment for their abolitionist activities. Their settlement was in Beaver County along the Ohio River. There they founded “konomie,” now better known as Old Economy Village. Here the Society gained worldwide recognition for its religious devotion and economic prosperity. The Harmonites were abolitionists, and began placing signs along the Ohio River with one word, “FREEDOM”. The Harmonites selected this location because the river curves at this point. The river is actually flowing North, so runaway slaves from the South would be traveling up the river. The FREEDOM sign on the river bank was to let runaway slaves know that they had reached freedom (and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania). If the runaway slaves were still in Illinois, Indiana, or Ohio, then slave hunters from Kentucky or Virginia could legally cross the river and capture them. Once in Pennsylvania, the slaves were free.

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Freedom, PA – Freedom, Pennsylvania Map & Directions – MapQuest