Expression Patterns and Corepressor Function of Retinoic Acid-induced 2 in Prostate Cancer – DocWire News

Posted: June 3, 2022 at 11:59 am

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Clin Chem. 2022 Jun 2:hvac073. doi: 10.1093/clinchem/hvac073. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: Revealing molecular mechanisms linked to androgen receptor activity can help to improve diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer. Retinoic acid-induced 2 (RAI2) protein is thought to act as a transcriptional coregulator involved in hormonal responses and epithelial differentiation. We evaluated the clinical relevance and biological function of the RAI2 protein in prostate cancer.

METHODS: We assessed RAI2 gene expression in the Cancer Genome Atlas prostate adenocarcinoma PanCancer cohort and protein expression in primary tumors (n = 199) by immunohistochemistry. We studied RAI2 gene expression as part of a multimarker panel in an enriched circulating tumor cell population isolated from blood samples (n = 38) of patients with metastatic prostate cancer. In prostate cancer cell lines, we analyzed the consequences of androgen receptor inhibition on RAI2 protein expression and the consequences of RAI2 depletion on the expression of the androgen receptor and selected target genes.

RESULTS: Abundance of the RAI2 protein in adenocarcinomas correlated with the androgen receptor; keratins 8, 18, and 19; and E-cadherin as well as with an early biochemical recurrence. In circulating tumor cells, detection of RAI2 mRNA significantly correlated with gene expression of FOLH1, KLK3, RAI2, AR, and AR-V7. In VCaP and LNCaP cell lines, sustained inhibition of hormone receptor activity induced the RAI2 protein, whereas RAI2 depletion augmented the expression of MME, STEAP4, and WIPI1.

CONCLUSIONS: The RAI2 protein functions as a transcriptional coregulator of the androgen response in prostate cancer cells. Detection of RAI2 gene expression in blood samples from patients with metastatic prostate cancer indicated the presence of circulating tumor cells.

PMID:35652463 | DOI:10.1093/clinchem/hvac073

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