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The Evolutionary Perspective
Category Archives: Superintelligence
Gresham College: Prof. Yorick Wilks The State of AI: War,Ethics and Religion #3/3 Artificial Intelligence and Religion – stopthefud
Posted: May 15, 2020 at 8:07 am
About this series
Will you be murdered by AI? What if AI were conscious? And will a religion based on an AI god inevitably rise?
In his second series about the state of Artificial Intelligence, Professor Yorick Wilks will examine some of the tougher questions about ethics for AI in war zones, whether (and when) we should care about AI as we do about animals, and the impact AI could have on religion. Are we getting AI right?
About this lecture
This lecture addresses the potential links between AI and religious belief, which include the question of whether an artificial superintelligence, were one to arise, would be well-disposed towards us. Religious traditions historically assume that creations are well disposed to those who made them.
The lecture also looks at the recent US cults claiming to be ready to worship such a super-intelligence, if and when it emerges, as well as other futurist discourse on Transhumanism and its roots in 18th-century rationalism.
Professor Yorick Wilks
Yorick Wilks is Visiting Professor of Artificial Intelligence at Gresham College. He is also Professor of Artificial Intelligence at the University of Sheffield, a Senior Research Fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute, and a Senior Scientist at the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition. Professor Wilks is especially interested in the fields of artificial intelligence and the computer processing of language, knowledge and belief. His current research focuses on the possibility of software agents having identifiable personalities.
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Posted: May 11, 2020 at 11:10 am
Part of the idea of superintelligence is that certain kinds of artificial intelligence work are theoretically capable of triggering a runaway reaction where an artificial intelligence far exceeds human capacity for thought and starts to manipulate or control humans in specific ways. Superintelligence is tied to the idea of a singularity, which is based on the idea that a catalyst or trigger would cause rapid change beyond what humans can anticipate.
As such, superintelligence plays a significant role in many of the discussions about the ethics of artificial intelligence, how to proceed with artificial intelligence progress, and how to shield humanity from some of the liabilities of a potential runaway artificial intelligence model. The theory of superintelligence coming to harm humanity relies on the idea that an artificial intelligence could find ways to manipulate humans without escaping a particular interface or system, which does not seem very feasible based on current technologies. However, as interfaces and systems become more interactive and humans approach virtual models of communication, concerns about superintelligence can seem more well-founded.
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Posted: April 24, 2020 at 2:43 pm
"I highly recommend this book" --Bill Gates"Terribly important ... groundbreaking... extraordinary sagacity and clarity, enabling him to combine his wide-ranging knowledge over an impressively broad spectrum of disciplines - engineering, natural sciences, medicine, social sciences and philosophy - into a comprehensible whole... If this book gets the reception that it deserves, it may turn out the most important alarm bell since Rachel Carson's Silent Spring from 1962, or ever."--Olle Haggstrom, Professor of Mathematical Statistics"Nick Bostrom's excellent book "Superintelligence" is the best thing I've seen on this topic. It is well worth a read." --Sam Altman, President of Y Combinator and Co-Chairman of OpenAI"Worth reading.... We need to be super careful with AI. Potentially more dangerous than nukes"--Elon Musk, Founder of SpaceX and Tesla"Nick Bostrom makes a persuasive case that the future impact of AI is perhaps the most important issue the human race has ever faced. Instead of passively drifting, we need to steer a course.Superintelligencecharts the submerged rocks of the future with unprecedented detail. It marks the beginning of a new era."--Stuart Russell, Professor of Computer Science, University of California, Berkley"This superb analysis by one of the world's clearest thinkers tackles one of humanity's greatest challenges: if future superhuman artificial intelligence becomes the biggest event in human history, then how can we ensure that it doesn't become the last?"--Professor Max Tegmark, MIT"Valuable. The implications of introducing a second intelligent species onto Earth are far-reaching enough to deserve hard thinking" --The Economist"There is no doubting the force of [Bostrom's] arguments...the problem is a research challenge worthy of the next generation's best mathematical talent. Human civilisation is at stake." --Clive Cookson,Financial Times"Those disposed to dismiss an 'AI takeover' as science fiction may think again after reading this original and well-argued book."--Martin Rees, Past President, Royal Society
"Every intelligent person should read it." --Nils Nilsson, Artificial Intelligence Pioneer, Stanford University
He is recipient of a Eugene R. Gannon Award, and has been listed on Foreign Policy's Top 100 Global Thinkers list twice. He was included on Prospect's World Thinkers list, the youngest person in the top 15. His writings have been translated into 28 languages, and there have been more than 100 translations and reprints of his works. He is a repeat TED speaker and has done more than 2,000 interviews with television, radio, and print media. As a graduate student he dabbled in stand-up comedy on the London circuit, but he has since reconnected with the doom and gloom of his Swedish roots.
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Posted: at 2:43 pm
Netflix has won the global rights in an auction to The Starling, a dramedy directed by Ted Melfi that stars Melissa McCarthy, Kevin Kline, Timothy Olyphant, Chris ODowd and Daveed Diggs, the streamer announced Monday.
The Starling is described as a heartwarming and comic story about a woman who suffers through a hardship and then becomes obsessed with trying to kill a small starling bird nested in her backyard that harasses and attacks her, something that now represents all her problems. In the process, she forms an unlikely friendship with a quirky psychologist turned veterinarian with his own troubled past.
Melfi is directing the film from a script by Matt Harris, and hell also produce alongside Kimberly Quinn and Limelights Dylan Sellers and Chris Parker. The Starling comes from Limelight, Entertainment One (eOne) and Boies Schiller Entertainment. The executive producers are Boies Schiller Entertainments Zack Schiller and David Boies and eOnes Jen Gorton and Zev Foreman.
Also Read: Melissa McCarthy's 'Superintelligence' Bumped From Holiday Theatrical Release to Premiere on HBO Max
Also co-starring in the film are Skyler Gisondo, Loretta Devine, Laura Harrier, Rosalind Chao and Kimberly Quinn. The Starling is currently in post-production.
McCarthy, who starred in Melfis St. Vincent back in 2014, has made a dramatic turn in recent years after work in Can You Ever Forgive Me? and The Kitchen. Shell also next appear in the live-action remake of Disneys The Little Mermaid.
The Starling is Melfis first feature since 2016s Best Picture-nominated Hidden Figures.
CAA Media Finance and UTA Independent negotiated the deal with Netflix.
Deadline first reported news of the deal.
The actress has come a long way since her days playing Sookie
McCarthy made her feature film debut with a supporting role in "Go," directed by Doug Liman.
"Charlie's Angels: Full Throttle" (2000)The actress had a small role as Doris, a woman flirting with Jimmy Bosley at the crime scene.
"Gilmore Girls" (2000-2007)
McCarthy was cast as Sookie St. James, the best friend of Lorelai Gilmore, in the WB television series. The series ended in 2007, and McCarthy was not asked to return for the reboot announced in February.
"Curb Your Enthusiasm" (2004)McCarthy played a saleswoman in an episode titled "The Surrogate," in which Larry David gets a heart monitor and uses the device to get out of uncomfortable situations.
In 2005, McCarthy married Ben Falcone, fellow actor and future "Bridesmaids" co-star (seen here at the 2007 Sundance Film Festival).
"Mike &Molly" (2010-2015)"Mike & Molly" premiered on CBS in 2010 and starred McCarthy and Billy Gardell as a couple who fall in love. The show was cancelled in January 2016.
McCarthy even earned an Oscar nomination for her role in "Bridesmaids," and presented at the 2012 ceremony with co-star Rose Byrne.
"This Is 40" (2012)
With Paul Rudd and Leslie Mann in the leads of Judd Apatow's comedy, McCarthy played a kid's mom who gets in a verbal argument with Rudd's character, Pete, at school.
"Identity Thief" (2013)
The film was a surprise hit at the box office, debuting to $34.5 million and grossing $134.5 million although it received terrible reviews. Jason Bateman starred in the film about a man getting his identity stolen by a woman.
"The Heat" (2013)Directed by Paul Feig, McCarthy teamed up with Sandra Bullock to take down a mobster. The film grossed $230 million globally from a $43 million budget.
The film, which received mixed reviews, had McCarthy in the role of a recently-unemployed woman who goes on a road trip with her alcoholic grandmother. The film made $84.5 million domestically.
"The Boss" (2016)
McCarthy stars as a disgraced industry titan who goes to prison for insider trading. She then tries to redeem herself by starting a new empire with brownies.
The actress has come a long way since her days playing Sookie
The actress has come a long way since her days playing Sookie
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Posted: March 26, 2020 at 6:47 am
In a press conference yesterday about the coronavirus, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo used notably religious language. He observed (at 33 minutes) that healthcare workers are doing Gods work of caring for people. Was he mistaken in saying so? You might well think so from watching the Cosmos series on Fox and the National Geographic channels.
Episodes 5 and 6 of this newseason of the program, with Neil deGrasse Tyson, aired on Monday. See here for commentary from Evolution News on episode 6. Going a little out of order, here are my thoughts on episode 5, entitled The Cosmic Connectome. This episode gives the impression that ancient medicine, with few exceptions such as the Greek physician Hippocrates and his followers, consisted merely of ritualistic appeasement of the gods. Reliable medicine triumphed only as science conquered religion. Wrong impression! Lets get this right.
In their introduction to the history of medicine, Essential Readings in Medicine and Religion (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017), Gary Ferngren and Ekaterina Lomperis write: Healing in the ancient world took a variety of forms, some secular and some religious or magical. Here is their summary of the causal repertoire of ancient medicine (both before and after Hippocrates) in Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Hebrew, Greek, Roman, and early Christian texts:
Disease was generally attributed to four kinds of causation. In the first, it was said to be caused by gods or divinities and was often considered to be retributive, that is, inflicted in response to an act that had aroused the displeasure of a god or divine force. In the second type, disease was attributed to demons (minor deities or malevolent spirits).In the third, it was said to be caused by the magic of magicians or sorcerers. Finally, disease was seen to be the result of natural causes that could be observed, for example, in wounds and broken bones. While in some societies one or another model of disease causation was dominant, in most ancient cultures all four were seen as potential causes, and a proper diagnosis was necessary to determine which type was the cause and what kind of treatment would be effective in each instance.
Religion and science-based medicine have continued to interact in modern times, up through the current COVID-19 pandemic. Like Governor Cuomo, many people today still see religion and medicine as operating in harmony. They practice social distancing (echoing Old Testament leprosy protocol), accept medical ventilator assistance (if available), and pray. See neurosurgeon Michael Egnors comments, Why Prayer Is Wise During a Pandemic, at Mind Matters.
Prior to the public hospitals created by ancient Christians, very few ancient people had access to physicians. Early Christians proclaimed and practiced the harmony of faith (prayer, not pagan magic) and medical technology. Much of the subsequent humanitarian expansion of medicine, especially for the poor, was inspired and funded by Christianity. Many hospital names still reflect this religious heritage.
Although few medical practices prior to about two hundred years ago significantly resulted in healing, this was not due to religious hindrances to medical progress. Rather, biomedical science, needed to dramatically improve medical practice, took a long time for humanity to discover. This largely occurred in the modern Western world. The Judeo-Christian tradition proved to be a supportive context for such discoveries. See my video that deals with this subject, Three Big Ways Christianity Supported the Rise of Modern Science.
So Cosmos host Neil Tyson is wrong to say that the hallmark of modern science and enlightened medicine is the belief that nothing happens without a natural cause. That is a narrow philosophical belief that is out of touch with the cultural roots of modern science. Discovery of the cause-and-effect structure of the natural world has been best fostered in cultures committed to a belief in a supernatural creator who made a world with discoverable natural laws and discernible natural histories.
Despite Tysons many misguided criticisms of theistic religion, his own materialistic faith is granted a privileged, but undeserved, authority in Cosmos 3.0. Much of the rest of episode 5 is devoted to celebrating the emergence of consciousness from material processes, even though there is no good explanation for how this could have happened by a series of unguided physical events. Echoing Carl Sagan, Tyson defines the universe as everything that ever was, is, or will be. This is a statement of faith. Science, in principle, could not derive such a conclusion.
Finally, Tyson conveys religious awe when he concludes the episode with the hopeful anticipation that, after sharing our digitized brain contents with alien superintelligence, humanity will experience the ultimate realization of emergence, a cosmos interconnected by thoughts and dreams. Salvation by technology! This is an oblique expression of the extraterrestrial enlightenment myth that I debunk in my book Unbelievable. See also, Unbelievable: The Myth of Alien Enlightenment. Be on the lookout for more of this muddled naturalistic Nirvana in the remaining episodes of Cosmos.
Editors note: Find further reviews and commentary on the third season of Cosmos, Possible Worlds, here:
Image credit: Galen and Hippocrates, two ancient physicians, depicted in a fresco from Anagni Cathedral in Italy, by Nina Aldin Thune via Wikimedia Commons.
Originally posted here:
Posted: February 27, 2020 at 1:39 am
Dr. Luis Perez-Breva
Luis Perez-Breva is a Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) professor and the faculty director of innovation teams at the MIT School or Engineering. He is also an entrepreneur and part of The Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship. Luis works to see how we can use technology to make our lives better and also on how we can work to get new technology out into the world. On an episode of the AI Today podcast, Professor Perez-Breva managed to get us to think deeply into our understanding of both artificial intelligence and machine learning.
Are we too focused on data?
Anyone who has been following artificial intelligence and machine learning knows the vital centrality of data. Without data, we cant train machine learning models. And without machine learning models, we dont have a way for systems to learn from experience. Surely, data needs to be the center of our attention to make AI systems a reality.
However, Dr. Perez-Breva thinks that we are overly focusing on data and perhaps that extensive focus is causing goals for machine learning and AI to go astray. According to Luis, so much focus is put into obtaining data that we judge how good a machine learning system is by how much data was collected, how large the neural network is, and how much training data was used. When you collect a lot of data you are using that data to build systems that are primarily driven by statistics. Luis says that we latch onto statistics when we feed AI so much data, and that we ascribe to systems intelligence, when in reality, all we have done is created large probabilistic systems that by virtue of large data sets exhibit things we ascribe to intelligence. He says that when our systems arent learning as we want, the primary gut reaction is to give these AI system more data so that we dont have to think as much about the hard parts of generalization and intelligence.
Many would argue that there are some areas where you do need data to help teach AI. Computers are better able to learn image recognition and similar tasks by having more data. The more data, the better the networks, and the more accurate the results. On the podcast, Luis asked whether deep learning is great enough that this works or if we have a big enough data set that image recognition now works. Basically: is it the algorithm or just the sheer quantity of data that is making this work?
Rather, what Luis argues is that if we can find a better way to structure the system as a whole, then the AI system should be able to reason through problems, even with very limited data. Luis compares using machine learning in every application to the retail world. He talks about how physical stores are seeing the success of online stores and trying to copy on that success. One of the ways they are doing this is by using apps to help customers navigate stores. Luis mentioned that he visited a Target where he had to use his phone to navigate the store which was harder than being able to look at signs. Having a human to ask questions and talk to is both faster and also part of the traditional experience of being in a brick and mortar retail location. Luis says he would much rather have a human to interact with at one of these locations than a computer.
Is the problem deep learning?
He compares this to machine learning by saying that machine learning has a very narrow application. If you try to apply machine learning to every aspect of AI then you will end up with issues similar to the ones he experienced at the Target. Basically, looking at neural networks as a hammer and every AI problem as a nail. No one technology or solution works for every application. Perhaps deep learning only works because of vast quantities of data? Maybe theres another algorithm that can generalize better, apply knowledge learned in one domain to another better, and use smaller amounts of data to get much better quality insights.
People have tried recently to automate many of the jobs that people do. Throughout history, Luis says that technology has killed businesses when it tries to replace humans. Technology and businesses are successful when they expand on what humans can do. Attempting to replace humans is a difficult task and one that is going to lead companies down the road to failure. As humans, he points out, we crave human interaction. Even in the age where people are constantly on their technology people desire human interaction greatly.
Luis also makes a point that many people mistakenly confuse automation and AI. Automation is using a computer to carry out specific tasks, and it is not the creation of intelligence. This is something that many are mentioning on several occasions. Indeed, its the fear of automation and the fictional superintelligence that has many people worried about AI. Dr. Perez-Breva makes the point that many ascribe human characteristics to machines. But this should not be the case with AI systems.
Rather, he sees AI systems more akin to a new species with a different mode of intelligence than humans. His opinion is that researchers are very far from creating an AI that is similar to what you will find in books and movies. He blames movies for giving people the impression of robots (AI) killing people and being dangerous technologies. While there are good robots in movies, there are a few of them and they get pushed to the side by bad robots. He points out that we need to move away from this pushing images of bad robots. Our focus needs to be on how artificial intelligence can help humans grow. It would be beneficial if the movie-making industry could help with this. As such, AI should be thought of as a new intelligent species were trying to create, not something that is meant to replace us.
A positive AI future
Despite negative images and talk, Luis is sure that artificial intelligence is here to stay, at least for a while. So many companies have made large investments into AI that it would be difficult for them to just stop using them or to stop the development.
As a final question in the interview, Luis was asked where he sees the industry of artificial intelligence going. Prefacing his answer with the fact that based on the earlier discussion people are investing in machine learning and not true artificial intelligence, Luis said that he is happy in the investment that businesses are making in what they call AI. He believes that these investments will help the development of this technology to stay around for many years.
Once we can stop comparing humans to artificial intelligence, Luis believes that we will see great advancements in what AI can do. He believes that AI has the power to work alongside humans to unlock knowledge and tasks that we werent previously able to do. The point when this happens, he believes, is not that far away. We are getting closer to it every day.
Many of Luiss ideas are contrary to popular beliefs by many people who are interested in the world of artificial intelligence. At the same time, the ideas that he shares are presented in a very logical manner and are very thought-provoking. Time will tell if these ideas are in fact correct.
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Posted: at 1:39 am
By Shakiel Mahjouri.15 hours ago
Melissa McCarthy has made a career out of being herself and she advises others to do the same.
McCarthy, 49, covers this weeks issue ofPeople. The Life of the Party actress celebrates her own unique qualities and discusses life with her daughters.
RELATED: Melissa McCarthy Plays Epic Prank On Unsuspecting Employees
How boring would it be if we were all the same? Were drawn to each other because of all our weird, unexplainable character quirks, the Little Big Shots host says. Life is short. Just be yourself!
McCarthy shares two daughters Vivian, 12, and Georgette, 10 with husband Ben Falcone. A big part of the actresss parenting has been to foster self-confidence.
My oldest has a really good head on her shoulders, but kids that age are always thinking, Does someone think I look silly? I tell them its all silly and were all idiots! she says. The second you embrace that and have realfriends, you realize thats the fun part.
RELATED: Melissa McCarthy Feels A Little Bit Sorry For Trolls
Who is the dumbest and the goofiest? McCarthy asks. Those are the friends youll have all your life.
McCarthy next stars in her husbands films Superintelligence opposite James Corden, and Thunder Force with Octavia Spencer.
Posted: at 1:39 am
Driven by technology, the world is evolving at a rapid rate, with an increase in accessibility to all. Technology has become the fabric of our new reality, and the Australian mining industry is no different.
In Australia, businesses are accelerating the adoption of machines, robotics and artificial intelligence (Al), with 80 per cent of companies reporting AI is starting to make a presence in some form. Weve already seen great strides in mining, with autonomous transport in the form of trucks and trains, as well as self-healing equipment in plants and mining sites which proactively interact and work with technicians.
According to research by the World Economic Forum, 54 per cent of employees will need to be upskilled or reskilled by 2022, and by 2025, machines will be performing more than half of the work tasks, compared with the 29 per cent they do today.
AI gives humans superpowers in the form of amplification, interaction and embodiment. The way work is performed, where it takes place, who is responsible for tasks and how we reward employees is being reimagined.
By 2022, 58 per cent of tasks will be performed by humans and 42 per cent by machines and algorithms. Its predicted by 2021 there will be 7.5 billion active bots working in tandem with humans.
However, it is no longer a matter of Human vs Machines but rather Human + Machines.
Industries have successfully used technology and automation to improve efficiencies for decades. Thats nothing new. But the emergence of human and machine collaboration is.
Humachines (not to be mistaken with cyborgs), is a form of superintelligence which combines the smarts of big data and machine learning with a humans analytical, creative and intuitive mindset. Already, 49 per cent of business leaders believe its going to be the answer to achieving their strategic objectives and push the boundaries of how we work.
In fact, its expected AI enabled human and machine interfaces will replace one third of applications by 2024. Additionally, 49 per cent of business leaders believe the Human + Machine collaboration is important to achieve their strategic priorities. With humachine intelligence set to grow within the next five years, the Western Australian resources and mining industry has much to gain. At a time when the industry is going through unprecedented change, the opportunity to make a positive impact on climate sustainability, safety and the elimination of waste through the collaboration between human and machine is immense. Experts in human and technology collaboration, Accenture, calls this Triple Zero. This includes:
So, what does the future roadmap look like for the human workforce?
Its about redefining roles, exploring new business models and adapting to a more digitally savvy and fluid workforce, where we harness the power of machines to amplify human capabilities on the mine site. Machines are not just technology driven tools anymore, they are the next generation of employees.
Accenture Australia & New Zealand Natural Resources Lead Ann Burns said this wasnt a man versus machine scenario, its about how the two could co-exist and accelerate productivity in tandem.
Business leaders who look to understand and embrace the power of human and machine will find innovation will be rapid, and it will present new opportunities to make things better, easier, faster, smarter, safer and more sustainable.
For the mining industry, it will enable companies to tap into machine and human collaboration as the reality to their future success, unlocking new growth for WA and Australia.
Accentures Perth innovation hub works with global companies from all the resources and energy sectors to drive transformation and real innovation for them to grow at pace and scale. Visit the Perth Innovation Hub website to find out more.
Posted: February 12, 2020 at 9:43 am
In the trending arena of Artificial Intelligence (AI), it is worthwhile to understand the pulse of the people towards its need, purpose, hype and reality.
Sometime back, Iinitiated a self-driven survey on LinkedIn comprising of six questions to knowwhat people think about the future of AI, how it is impacting their current workand possibly the future of work due to digital disruption. I have pulled in thesurvey results and shall try to draw some interesting insights with all of you.The intention of this survey is purely for educational purpose and theresponses do not form any general opinion or conclusion on any point.
What do you think the future of AI will be?
70% of the respondents feel that the future of AI is bright because it will become a necessity to keep up with the changing scenario to increase human efficiency and innovation. While 20% of respondents feel that it is an immediate need of the hour and only 10% feel that the future of AI is weak. We cannot ignore this 10% of the people who feel that AI is not going to bring that advantage and it is more of a hype than reality.
The problem with the understanding of AI is that it is treated as simply the system enabling automation engineering which overshadows its highest benefit of human augmentation a combination of human and artificial intelligence, where both complement each other.
Do you think AI will replace or reduce existing workforce?
80% of the respondents feel that it will impact the existing workforce to some extent, and I believe it is evident from the following press release from Gartner. While only 10% of the respondents feel that it will impact the existing workforce significantly.
According to the following press release in Dec 2017, Gartner predicted that AI will create 2.3 million jobs in 2020, while eliminating 1.8 million.
The above 70% and20% of the respondents to first question who feel that the future of AI is bright,and it is an immediate need of the hour gives a clear reflection of confidence whichcan help in endorsing the human augmentation by removing the fear ofconsequences of elimination of 1.8 million jobs versus creation of 2.3 million.Its important that people stay relevant to obtain these new jobs.
Is your organization sensitized to the disruption created by AI?
60% of the respondents feel that their organizations are sensitized to some extent to the disruption created by AI while only 30% feel that either their organizations are not sensitized or neutral in their attitude and actions towards AI. This is an important segment as they will soon become the laggers as compared to the 10% leaders who are highly sensitized towards the disruption created by AI.
Now, it is not only about how machines can take decisions or do predictions but also about AGI (Artificial General Intelligence- think, understand and learn like humans) which humans can provide when they work cohesively with the machines doing specialized AI only. When we counter superintelligence, which is a state when the hypothetical or virtual agent exceeds human intelligence, we are restricting the human intelligence to grow and unleash its unexplored potential.
Do you think AI is impacting your current work and existence in the organization?
60% of the respondents feel that AI is impacting their current work and existence in the organization to some extent. It becomes important that there is a need to understand the future of work and how will the existing routine work be transformed or transferred to virtual workforce to improve the innovative and critical thinking of human workforce.
As per the aboveGartner report, it is also predicted that In2021, AI augmentation will generate $2.9 trillion in business value and recover6.2 billion hours of worker productivity.
These 6.2billion hours of worker productivity could be utilized in high valued taskssuch as improving the morale of the human workforce, building a cohesive andprogressive environment to retain the talent and, thus, augmenting the humancapital.
According to Karl Marxs theory of alienation, inthe capitalist mode of production, the generation of products (goods andservices) is accomplished with an endless sequence of discrete, repetitivemotions that offer the worker little psychological satisfaction for a jobwell done. By means of commodification, the labor power of the worker isreduced to wages (an exchange value); the psychological estrangement (Entfremdung)of the worker results from the unmediated relation between his productive laborand the wages paid to him for the labor. The worker is alienated from the meansof production via two forms; wage compulsion and the imposed productioncontent. The worker is bound to unwanted labour as a means of survival, labouris not voluntary but coerced (forced labor). [Source:Wikipedia]
The above theory rightly applies to the manual and mundane repetitive tasks being executed by the workforce in an IT business process which gives little psychological satisfaction and does not actually utilize the power of the human brain. Over a period, the worker is alienated from the process; since it becomes a routine activity and no further innovation or productivity gain is envisioned. Hence, this mundane/labour intensive job requiring no expert judgment can be shifted to a virtual workforce making the human workforce spend valuable time on innovation and improving the human-made artificial intelligent systems.
Do you and your organization focus on reskilling and upskilling to deal with the digital disruption?
Only 30% feel that their organizations are highly focused on reskilling and upskilling which creates a huge gap between strategy design and its implementation. Organizations which are partially focused treat AI as their goal or objective which is usually short-term perspective to stay in the business but in order to thrive, they need to treat AI as their strategy which is a long-term initiative.
This also highlights that the organizations which are not focused or neutral towards reskilling and upskilling will add to the global disparity and will create a risk for themselves by letting their customers realign with other vendors/partners.
How many of your existing customers request for building AI and ML enabled systems?
This question has the most fascinating response with 60% of people responding that large number of existing customers request for building AI and ML-enabled systems even though the response to the above question shows that only 30% of people feel that organizations are highly focused on reskilling and upskilling and 40% are partially focused. This clearly shows a gap between demand and supply and hence a need for more skilled people in this area to cater to the in-flight or in-pipeline requirements.
Its an opportunity to sustain, grow, compete, thrive and stay relevant to attain the business agility where teams can build innovative business solutions with high quality not only improving the operational efficiency with cost savings but embarking the new journey for exponential socio-economic growth. Nonetheless, it also obviates the myths and trough of despair towards AI enabling lowering the cost of making predictions and increasing the value of human judgment and supremacy.
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Warner Bros. and HBO Max Team Up on New Label to Produce Movies for the Streaming Service – IndieWire
Posted: February 10, 2020 at 2:42 am
HBO Max and its corporate sibling Warner Bros. announced today theyre teaming up to launch a new label that will produce movies for WarnerMedias HBO Max streaming service. The label, Warner Max, will produce eight to 10 films annually for the service, which launches in May, with the first titles dropping on the platform at some point this year.
The label will deal in mid-budget releases, the kind of films that have increasingly disappeared from theaters in favor of streaming-only distribution. Its a strategy already being employed by Disney with its four-month-old Disney+ service: The studio remains committed to theatrical tentpoles like the upcoming Marvel title Black Widow, while giving a streaming debut to mid-budget fare like the live-action Lady and the Tramp.
Warner Max hasnt yet made its slate public, but its likely some previously announced projects, like the Melissa McCarthy vehicle Superintelligence, will be among the first films to bear the labels name. Director Ben Falcone earlier this year said the film would not get a theatrical release, a wise financial decision given the downward trend in McCarthys box-office grosses, like the most recent Falcone-McCarthy collaboration Life of the Party.
With a $65.85 million gross on an estimated $30 million budget, it was their poorest-performing film to date. While a McCarthy-starring film may not be enough to drive people to theaters in droves, the comedian remains popular and a recognizable name: The film will be an attractive addition to HBO Maxs slate as streamers have doubled down on their commitment to exclusive, high-quality content. Thats a trend thats played out at Netflix, which just extended its deal with Adam Sandler to produce more streaming-only movies.
However, the company says Warners and New Line Cinema will each continue to release mid-budget movies for theatrical distribution, while Warner Max will create a new pipeline for filmmakers looking to make a particular type of film or connect with a specific audience that would be best reached in the streaming environment.
Awards hopefuls were among the mid-budget movies released by Warner Bros. in theaters last year, including Clint Eastwoods Richard Jewell, which earned an Oscar nomination for supporting actress Kathy Bates, and Edward Nortons Motherless Brooklyn, which got a Golden Globe nod for original score.
Day-to-day operations at the label will be handled byJessie Henderson, executive VP of original feature films for HBO Max, who will jointly report to Warner Bros. Pictures COO Carolyn Blackwood and HBO Maxs Head of Original Content Sarah Aubrey. HBO Maxs Chief Content Officer Kevin Reilly and Warner Bros. Pictures Group Chairman Toby Emmerich together share greenlight responsibility for Warner Max films.
In the streaming wars, ensuring quality is not sacrificed in the name of quantity is the name of the game. Just Tuesday, Disney CEO Bob Iger highlighted several times on the companys Q1 earnings call that quality original films and series played a big part in making Disney+ such a huge success.
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