Category Archives: Marie Byrd Land

102 American Towns Founded Before the American Revolution – 24/7 Wall St.

Posted: July 1, 2020 at 11:42 pm

The United States was founded 244 years ago, but some American towns have been around for more than three centuries, and some longer still.

24/7 Tempo selected 100 towns that were founded before the American Revolution. We chose the towns by reviewing town and state websites, reference sources such as, and sources such as that provided information about Americas best preserved colonial towns. To be considered, towns needed to have originated in settlements that were founded, chartered, established, or incorporated before 1776. Virtually all of these towns, or the areas where they were established, had been Native American lands before European settlers arrived.

Click here to see 102 towns founded before the American RevolutionClick here to read our methodology

The vast majority of towns that were founded before 1776 are located in a handful of states in the Northeast. Massachusetts and Connecticut have by far the most towns incorporated prior to the Revolutionary War. On our list of 100 towns, 20 are in Massachusetts and 16 in Connecticut. Fewer than 10 towns on our list are in states west of Louisiana. Here is how each state got its name.

Thirty of the 50 states are home to towns that were founded before the Revolutionary War. Some of the oldest towns on the list, such as Kingston, New York, are also among the most common city names in the United States.

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102 American Towns Founded Before the American Revolution - 24/7 Wall St.

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Court hearing Thursday on Confederate statue removal – Richmond Free Press

Posted: June 24, 2020 at 5:47 am

Can Gov. Ralph S. Northam use his authority to remove the huge, state-owned statue of traitorous and slavery-defending Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee from Monument Avenue?

All eyes will be on a Richmond courtroom Thursday where Circuit Court Judge Bradley B. Cavedo could clear the governors way or continue to halt the removal.

Judge Cavedo, who 10 days ago issued a temporary injunction blocking the statues removal, is to consider whether to continue his injunction or lift it in one of three lawsuits challenging Gov. Ralph S. Northams right to take down the Lee statue that he has labeled an icon of racism.

In this case, William Gregory, a descendant of a couple who in 1890 deeded to the state the land on which the statue sits, claims the state promised to preserve and protect the statue forever. Mr. Gregory also asserts his right to enforce the alleged deed restriction as an heir of the couple.

In response, state Solicitor General Toby J. Heytens, who is urging Judge Cavedo to lift the injunction and dismiss the Gregory lawsuit, cited three reasons for throwing out the case.

First, Mr. Heytens wrote in court documents, Mr. Gregory has no ownership interest in the land and, thus, no legal right to challenge the governor. Second, he cited a state law that at best allows such restrictions on property use to extend 90 years, a time limit that has long expired on the 130-year-old statue.

But more importantly, the state is immune from suits to restrain governmental action or compel such action, Mr. Heytens wrote in court filings, and the suit must be dismissed for that reason alone. The doctrine of sovereign immunity also is likely to impact the other lawsuit if it proceeds in federal court.

On Wednesday, a third suit, also filed in federal court, was withdrawn and will not pro- ceed, according to state Attorney General Mark Herrings office. That suit was filed Monday by six Monument Avenue property owners led by Helen Marie Taylor, a longtime Monument Avenue activist who decades ago blocked the city from paving the streets cobblestones.

The second suit, filed June 9 by William Davis of Henrico County, also is on hold. That suit claims the governors authority is subordinate to the federal law governing historic landmarks. The Lee statue is on the federal and state historic registers.

Whichever way Judge Cavedo rules in the Gregory case, experts expect one side or the other to appeal the final order to the state Supreme Court, extending the time before any removal could take place.

Even so, the state Department of General Services on Wednesday installed concrete barriers around the Lee statue as a first step toward taking it down.

Whether the statue will last until DGS can plot a careful, engineered way to pluck it from its pedestal remains a question.

During Tuesday nights soaking rain, protesters for racial equity, who have been out nightly for 19 straight days, toppled a third Confederate statue a small statue on Park Avenue on the Virginia Commonwealth University campus that honored the Richmond Howitzer unit from the Civil War.

Previously, protesters pulled down a statue of Confederate President Jefferson Davis on Monument Avenue and Confederate Gen. Williams Carter Wickham in Monroe Park.

A statue of Christopher Columbus, who is viewed as an oppressor to indigenous communities, also was toppled in Byrd Park and dragged into Fountain Lake.

On Wednesday, the message White lives matter, painted in white, was discovered on the base of the statue of tennis great and humanitarian Arthur Ashe Jr. on Monument Avenue.

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Court hearing Thursday on Confederate statue removal - Richmond Free Press

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