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Geography of Antarctica – Wikipedia

Posted: October 21, 2021 at 11:00 pm

Geographic features of Antarctica

The geography of Antarctica is dominated by its south polar location and, thus, by ice. The Antarctic continent, located in the Earth's southern hemisphere, is centered asymmetrically around the South Pole and largely south of the Antarctic Circle. It is washed by the Southern (or Antarctic) Ocean or, depending on definition, the southern Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans. It has an area of more than 14 millionkm2.

Some 98% of Antarctica is covered by the Antarctic ice sheet, the world's largest ice sheet and also its largest reservoir of fresh water. Averaging at least 1.6km thick, the ice is so massive that it has depressed the continental bedrock in some areas more than 2.5km below sea level; subglacial lakes of liquid water also occur (e.g., Lake Vostok). Ice shelves and rises populate the ice sheet on the periphery.

In September 2018, researchers at the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency released a high resolution terrain map (detail down to the size of a car, and less in some areas) of Antarctica, named the "Reference Elevation Model of Antarctica" (REMA).[1]

Physically, Antarctica is divided in two by Transantarctic Mountains close to the neck between the Ross Sea and the Weddell Sea. Western Antarctica and Eastern Antarctica correspond roughly to the eastern and western hemispheres relative to the Greenwich meridian. This usage has been regarded as Eurocentric by some, and the alternative terms Lesser Antarctica and Greater Antarctica (respectively) are sometimes preferred.

Lesser Antarctica is covered by the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. There has been some concern about this ice sheet, because there is a small chance that it will collapse. If it does, ocean levels would rise by a few metres in a very short period of time.

Volcanoes that occur underneath glacial ice sheets are known by the term "Glaciovolcanism", or subglacial volcanoes. An article published in 2017 claims that researchers from Edinburgh University recently discovered 91 new volcanoes below the Antarctic ice sheet, adding to the 47 volcanoes that were already known.[2] As of today, there have been 138 possible volcanoes identified in West Antarctica.[3] There is limited knowledge about West Antarctic Volcanoes due to the presence of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, which heavily covers the West Antarctic Rift System -- a likely hub for volcanic activity.[4] Researchers find it difficult to properly identify volcanic activity due to the comprehensive ice covering.

East Antarctica is significantly larger than West Antarctica, and similarly remains widely unexplored in terms of its volcanic potential. While there are some indications that there is volcanic activity under the East Antarctic Ice Sheet, there is not a significant amount of present information on the subject.

Mount Erebus is one of the most notable sites in the study of Antarctic Volcanism, in that it is the southernmost historically active volcanic site on the planet.[5]

Deception Island is another active Antarctic volcano. It is one of the most protected areas in the Antarctic, given its situation between the South Shetland Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula. As the most active volcano in the Antarctic peninsula, it has been studied closely since its initial discovery in 1820.

There are four volcanoes on the mainland of Antarctica that areconsidered to be active on the basis of observed fumarolic activity or "recent" tephra deposits: Mount Melbourne (2,730 m) (7421'S., 16442'E.), a stratovolcano; Mount Berlin (3,500 m) (7603'S., 13552'W.), a stratovolcano; Mount Kauffman (2,365 m) (7537'S., 13225'W.), a stratovolcano; and Mount Hampton (3,325 m) (7629'S., 12548'W.), a volcanic caldera.Mount Rittmann (2,600 m) (73.45S 165.5 E), a volcanic caldera.

Several volcanoes on offshore islands have records of historic activity.Mount Erebus (3,795 m), a stratovolcano onRoss Island with 10 known eruptions and 1 suspected eruption.On the opposite side of the continent, Deception Island(6257'S., 6038'W.), a volcanic caldera with 10 knownand 4 suspected eruptions, have been the most active.Buckle Island in the Balleny Islands (6650'S., 16312'E.), Penguin Island (6206'S., 5754'W.), Paulet Island (6335'S., 5547'W.), and Lindenberg Island (6455'S., 5940'W.) are also considered to be active. In 2017, the researchers of Edinburgh University discovered 91 underwater volcanoes under West Antarctica.[6][7]

The definition of Glaciovolcanism is the interactions of magma with ice in all its forms, including snow, firn and any meltwater.[8] It defines a special field of volcanic that is specifically centered around ice and ice melt. This field of science is less than 100 years old, and thus continuously makes new discoveries. Glaciovolcanism is characterized by three kinds of eruptions: sub-glacial eruptions, supraglacial volcanism, and ice-marginal volcanism.[9]

The study of glaciovolcanism is vital to the understanding of ice sheet formation. It is also a valuable tool to predict volcanic hazards, such as the ash hazard following the Eyjafjallajkull eruption in Iceland.

The Marie Byrd Land is an incredibly large portion of West Antarctica, consisting of the Area below the Antarctic Peninsula. The Marie Byrd land is a large formation of volcanic rock, characterized by 18 exposed and subglacial volcanoes. 16 of the 18 volcanoes are entirely covered by the antarctic ice sheet.[10] There have been no eruptions recorded from any of the volcanoes in this area, however scientists believe that some of the volcanoes may be potentially active.

Scientists and researchers debate whether or not the 138 identified possible volcanoes are active or dormant. It is very hard to definitively say, given that many of these volcanic structures are buried underneath several kilometers of ice.[11] However, ash layers within the West Antarctic Ice Sheet,[12] as well as deformations in the ice surface[13] indicate that the West Antarctic Rift System could be active and contain erupting volcanoes. Additionally, seismic activity in the region hints at magma movement beneath the crust, a sign of volcanic activity.[14] Despite this, however, there is not yet definitive evidence of presently active volcanoes.

Subglacial volcanism is often characterized by ice melt and subglacial water.[15] Though there are other sources of subglacial water, such as geothermal heat, it almost always is a condition of volcanism. Scientists remain uncertain about the presence of water underneath the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, with some claiming to have found evidence indicating the existence.

In West Antarctica's Marie Byrd Land, volcanoes are typically composed of alkaline and basaltic lava. Sometimes, the volcanoes are entirely basaltic in composition. Due to the geographic similarity of the Marie Byrd Land, it is believed that the volcanoes in the West African Rift System are also composed of basalt.[16]

Above-ice basaltic volcanoes, also known as subaerial basaltic volcanoes, generally form in tall, broad cone shapes.[17] Since they are formed from repeated piling of liquid magma sourced from the center, they spread widely and grow upwards relatively slowly.[18] However, West Antarctic Volcanoes form underneath ice sheets, and are thus categorized as subglacial volcanoes. Subglacial volcanoes that are monogenetic are far more narrow, steeper, flat topped structures. Polygenetic subglacial volcanoes have a wider variety of shapes and sizes due to being made up of many different eruptions. Often, they look more cone shaped, like stratovolcanoes.

Little has been studied about the implications of volcanic ash from eruptions within the Antarctic Circle. It is likely that an eruption at lower latitudes would cause global health and aviation hazards due to ash disbursement. The clockwise air circulation around the low pressure system at the South Pole forces air upwards, hypothetically sending ash upwards towards the Stratospheric jet streams, and thus quickly dispersing it throughout the globe.[19]

Recently, in 2017, a study found evidence of subglacial volcanic activity within the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. This activity poses a threat to the stability of the Ice Sheet, as volcanic activity leads to increased melting.[20] This could possibly plunge the West Antarctic Ice Sheet into a positive feedback loop of rising temperatures and increased melting.

There are three vast canyons that run for hundreds of kilometers, cutting through tall mountains. None of the canyons are visible at the snow-covered surface of the continent since they are buried under hundreds of meters of ice. The largest of the canyons is called Foundation Trough and is over 350km long and 35km wide. The Patuxent Trough is more than 300km long and over 15km wide, while the Offset Rift Basin is 150km long and 30km wide. These three troughs all lie under and cross the so-called "ice divide" - the high ice ridge that runs all the way from the South Pole out towards the coast of West Antarctica.[21]

West Antarctica is the smaller part of the continent, (50 180W), divided into:

Larger ice shelves are:

For all ice shelves see List of Antarctic ice shelves.

For a list of all Antarctic islands see List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands.

East Antarctica is the larger part of the continent, (50W 180E), both the South Magnetic Pole and geographic South Pole are situated here. Divided into:

Larger ice shelves are:

For all ice shelves see List of Antarctic ice shelves.

For a list of all Antarctic islands see List of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands.

Seven nations have made official Territorial claims in Antarctica.

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Geography of Antarctica - Wikipedia

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Sunburn The morning read of what’s hot in Florida politics 10.1.21 – Florida Politics

Posted: October 3, 2021 at 2:42 am

Good Friday morning.

First in Sunburnand just off embargo Trulieves $2.1 billion deal to acquire another cannabis MSO, Harvest Health & Recreation, is now complete with Trulieve having acquired all of the issued and outstanding voting shares of stock. With the completion of this transaction, this creates the largest U.S. cannabis operator across a combined retail and cultivation footprint basis.The closing of this transaction marks a transformational milestone in our companys history and positions Trulieve as the leading medical and adult-use cannabis operator in the U.S., stated Kim Rivers, Chief Executive Officer at Trulieve, who will host a conference call and webcast today at 8:00 a.m. Look for a full write-up about the deal on Florida Politics later this morning.

The stars had seemingly aligned for former Rep. Lake Rays campaign to return to the Legislature.

House District 12 is open now that Rep.Clay Yarborough is running for Senate with leadership support. And the Duval-based seat has a sizable GOP advantage. Add in a volley of high-profile endorsements from the Jacksonville legislative delegation, and it seemed pretty close to a sure thing.

Well, Jessica Baker has something to say about that.

The Assistant State Attorney entered the field on Friday, setting up what could easily become a barnburner of a Republican Primary.

She spared the pleasantries in her campaign announcement: Each day it seems another career politician finds a new way to rant about how divided we are as a nation, determined to drive a wedge between all of us and common-sense solutions.

Im running for Florida House District 12 because, like so many of you, Im ready to tune out the politically driven outrage and focus on Florida-based outcomes for our families, our businesses and our communities that preserve our God-given freedoms and defend your right to pursue the American dream.

Before becoming a prosecutor, Baker worked at high-powered lobbying firms Ballard Partners and Sachs Sax Caplan as well as in various capacities for Jacksonville Mayor Lenny Curry and former Senate President Mike Haridopolos.

While the Florida State University law school grad is accomplished in her own right, she has an ace up her sleeve her husband is political consultant Tim Baker, who was instrumental in Currys election as Mayor.

Ray is not without firepower. He has veteran campaign consultant Bert Ralston in his corner. He also has a head start in the money race, with about $150,000 on hand between his campaign account and political committee.

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

@Timodc: Low vaxxed upper Midwest states about to get their Florida surge, and nobody seems to have learned anything. PS. Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana have all passed NY in deaths per capita thanks to their post-vax spike. Insane.

Tweet, tweet:

Tweet, tweet:

@JeffreyBrandes: Question Why does the Florida lottery use a flamingo in its advertisements and not the current State bird the mockingbird? Maybe because no one associates the northern mockingbird with the southernmost state.

@JKennedyReport: While its @WaltDisneyWorlds 50th anniversary Friday, it almost didnt go to the Orlando area. When (Walt) Disney met with St. Joe Paper boss Ed Ball about land in NW Fla, he was told, Mr. Disney, Im not going to see you today or any day. I dont do business with carnival people.

@pixelatedboat: If they made The Sopranos in todays woke society, it would be about Tony Soprano going to therapy

Tweet, tweet:

DAYS UNTIL

MLB regular season ends 2; No Time to Die premieres 7; Succession returns 16; Dune premieres 21; Curb Your Enthusiasm returns 23; World Series Game 1 25; Florida Chamber Future of Florida Forum begins 26; Florida TaxWatchs annual meeting begins 26; Georgia at UF 29; St. Petersburg Municipal Elections 32; Floridas 20th Congressional District Primary 32; The Blue Angels 75th anniversary show 35; Disneys Eternals premieres 35; Yellowstone Season 4 begins 37; Disney Very Merriest After Hours will debut 38; Miami at FSU 43; Hawkeye premieres 44; ExcelinEd National Summit on Education begins 48; FSU vs. UF 57; Florida Chamber 2021 Annual Insurance Summit begins 61; Jacksonville special election to fill seat vacated by Tommy Hazouris death 67; Steven Spielbergs West Side Story premieres 70; Spider-Man: No Way Home premieres 77; The Matrix: Resurrections released 82; The Book of Boba Fett premieres on Disney+ 89; CES 2022 begins 96; NFL season ends 100; 2022 Legislative Session starts 102; Floridas 20th Congressional District election 102; Joel Coens The Tragedy of Macbeth on Apple TV+ 105; NFL playoffs begin 106; Super Bowl LVI 135; Daytona 500 142; St. Pete Grand Prix 149; Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness premieres 175; Thor: Love and Thunder premieres 219; Top Gun: Maverick premieres 238; Platinum Jubilee for Queen Elizabeth II 244; Black Panther 2 premieres 280; San Diego Comic-Con 2022 292; Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse sequel premieres 371; Captain Marvel 2 premieres 406.

TOP STORY

Disney World moves into full 50th-anniversary mode via Dewayne Bevil of the Orlando Sentinel Although only a reported 10,400 eager people visited on Oct. 1, 1971, the foundation was laid to become the worlds most visited theme park. Expect Main Street U.S.A. to be more crowded 50 years later. Visitors will see a park in full celebration mode, from the tip of the bejeweled Cinderella Castle down to the shiny new name tags for Disney World employees. The resort also is introducing attractions that will affect the theme parks for months and years to come. We have some surprises in store for our guests. I think that I think itll be a day for the memory books, Melissa Valiquette, vice president for Magic Kingdom, said Thursday.

New attractions, makeovers and more: 10 things to know as Disney World hits 5-0 via Britt Kennerly of Florida Today

These Disney World attractions may be gone, but their memories are still holding strong via USA Today

Disney Worlds First Family remembers excitement of opening day via Rebecca Turco of Spectrum News The 50th anniversary brings back cherished memories for the Windsor family, the very first family to visit on opening day. For Marty Windsor Ritter, Bill Windsor and their two toddlers, getting that special honor involved a little luck and a lot of planning. We parked behind a gas station that was here all night long, she said. And then we had a police officer come by and say, What are you doing? And I said, We want to be the first family to get into Walt Disney World. He said, OK, Ill watch you all night long. Her son Jay Windsor, who was only 3 years old at the time, still remembers bits and pieces. Meeting all the characters was the exciting thing back then, he said.

Disney World faces several new challenges over the next 50 years via Katie Rice of the Orlando Sentinel Nearly 18 months of the COVID-19 pandemic have proved the future can be unpredictable, but theme park experts say they believe Disney Worlds leaders can navigate the next 50 years to maintain the resort as a world leader in entertainment. Even so, the theme park likely faces challenges as virtual reality options grow, climate change makes the summers even hotter, and families have fewer children. Many predict that Disneys focus on storytelling will continue to take center stage in the next five decades. The pandemic has helped Disney World, which is celebrating its 50th anniversary, realize it can successfully adopt the model of fewer people, richer experience, said Bill Coan, President and CEO of a theme park company called ITEC Entertainment.

DATELINE TALLY

Ron DeSantis pulls one road from the Everglades, but OKs putting in another via Craig Pittman of Florida Phoenix Man, I always loved that old TV show The Twilight Zone. In a news release, DeSantis says, Since day one, my administration has been focused on expediting key Everglades restoration and water quality projects to protect Floridas natural resources for future generations, and Im proud of our record-setting progress. The Governor who had just bragged about yanking an environmentally destructive road out of the Everglades turned around and voted to put another one into the Everglades. The Kendall Parkway has been touted as a way to relieve the constant State Route 836 traffic jams in the Kendall area. The cost: a mere $1 billion. A billion dollars to cut travel time by six minutes!

Republican lawmakers file bill to protect religious freedoms during emergency lockdowns via Jason Delgado of Florida Politics Two lawmakers are proposing legislation in the upcoming Session to ensure a department store is never more essential than a church. The legislation is a product of the COVID-19 pandemic. Under the measures, an emergency lockdown or shutdown order must apply equally across businesses and religious institutions in Florida. Sen. Jason Brodeur and Rep. Nick DiCeglie are the bill sponsors. If were going to close down and restrict religious institutions from being open, then we have to apply that same restriction to everybody, DiCeglie explained. DiCeglie pointed to New York and California amid the pandemic, two places where government closed church doors while allowing some businesses to remain operational.

Docs who help transgender youth could face prison time under Anthony Sabatini bill via Christine Jordan Sexton of Florida Politics Florida could go after doctors and health care providers that offer treatment to transgender teenagers under a bill filed this week by Rep. Sabatini. Sabatinis bill (HB 211) mirrors those introduced in dozens of other states aimed at health care providers who treat transgender minors. The legislation says that health care providers could face a year in prison or be fined $1,000 if they prescribe or supply puberty-blocking medication or provide large doses of testosterone to females or estrogen to males. The bill would create a new section of general health care law dubbed the Vulnerable Child Protection Act that would apply to nearly every licensed health care professional in the state.

Marie Woodson seeks to fast track veterans into health care amid staff shortages via Jason Delgado of Florida Politics Rep. Woodson is proposing legislation that would streamline outgoing service members into the ranks of Floridas medical field, a move she contends would remedy the states ongoing shortage of health care workers. Under the proposal (HB 131), a medically trained military veteran may work under the supervision of a licensed health care provider without subscribing to the states time-consuming certification process. The benefits, she contends, are twofold: Veterans transfer immediately into gainful employment, and providers are afforded a deeper pool of experienced applicants. This is a population that is very dear to my heart I was trying to find a way to address those shortages, but also looking for ways to help our veterans, the Hollywood lawmaker said.

Out of the nest: Lawmaker wants mockingbird ousted as state bird of Florida via James Call of USA Today Network State Sen. Jeff Brandes has had it with the northern mockingbird as the official state bird of Florida. He has filed a bill for the 2022 legislative session and taken to social media to build a flock of supporters. He wants to persuade fellow lawmakers to rescind the mockingbirds designation as the avian representative of the Sunshine State. The Department of State defends the mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) as helpful because it eats insects and weed seeds. But detractors point out its annoying habit of singing all night long under a full moon. Brandes is not impressed by mockingbird supporters who claim it is a year-round resident. He wants a bird that immediately says Florida, like orange juice does as the state drink, and the alligator and manatee as state reptile and mammal.

Proposed law to care for retired police dogs huge, Volusia K-9 handlers say via Patricio G. Balona of The Daytona Beach News-Journal In the course of their careers, police dogs often suffer wear and tear from constant training, chasing suspects, and sometimes even taking a bullet in the line of duty. When K-9s retire, sometimes expensive care for the animals falls to the officers who adopt the dogs as their own. But a bill put forward by Rep. Sam Killebrew could ease that financial burden and offer quality care for the retired dogs. Killebrews bill, HB 25, would disburse funds to cover veterinary visits and more for the K-9s. Volusia County Sheriff Mike Chitwood said the bill is important. Two dogs from the Sheriffs Office were recently shot and wounded by an armed carjacking suspect.

A judge blocked Floridas ban on sanctuary cities. What it means for the undocumented via Kalia Richardson of the Miami Herald A Florida judge struck down key portions of the sanctuary city ban this month. U.S. District Judge Beth Bloom in Miami said a part of the ban was enacted based on biased and unreliable data generated by anti-immigrant hate groups despite having a chilling and disparate impact on immigration communities. Neza Xiuhtecutli, the general coordinator of The Farmworker Association of Florida, felt the impacts of the ban firsthand. Although associations like this can breathe a little easier after the judges ruling, there is still confusion as to what a sanctuary city is and the implications it has on undocumented communities.

New and renewed lobbying registrations:

Ellen Anderson: Moffitt Cancer Center

Emily Buckley, Dean Mead: American Health Associates, American Sportfishing Association, Florida Outdoor Advertising Association, Florida Recreational Vehicle Trade Association, Step Up for Students, Tampa Bay Water, The Williams Companies

Shan Goff: Foundation for Floridas Future

Robert Holroyd, Tripp Scott: Florida Mental Health Advocacy Coalition

Will McKinley, Angela Dempsey, Erik Kirk, PooleMcKinley: Cerner Corporation

CORONA FLORIDA

Florida COVID-19 update: 938 deaths added to tally. State saw lowest 7-day death average in weeks. via Devoun Cetoute of the Miami Herald Florida on Thursday reported 938 more deaths and 4,781 additional COVID-19 cases to the CDC, according to Miami Herald calculations of CDC data. All but 78 of the newly reported deaths, about 92%, occurred since Sept. 2. About 55% of the newly reported died in the past two weeks, the analysis showed. In all, Florida has recorded at least 3,570,752 confirmed COVID-19 cases and 55,009 deaths. In this most recent phase of the pandemic, Florida through the CDC has reported deaths in Monday and Thursday clumps. In the past seven days, on average, the state has added 272 deaths and 5,612 cases to the daily cumulative total.

YouTube misinformation policy update: DeSantis office promises to fight censorship via Sam Sachs of WFLA YouTube announced an expansion to their community guidelines, focused on what the company called harmful misinformation relating to vaccines and other health-related topics. In response to YouTubes updated content policies, DeSantis office promised to oppose censorship and continue fighting in defense of a recent law aimed at preventing de-platforming on social media sites. The new YouTube guidelines include a three-strike content and account takedown policy with a 90-day timeline. An instant ban is also a possibility for accounts that promote content directly in opposition to the new guidelines.

Florida probes 43 entities under COVID-19 vaccine passport law, but no fines issued yet via Austin Fuller of the Orlando Sentinel Florida is investigating 43 businesses or governments for possibly violating the states 2-week-old COVID-19 vaccine passport law, but no one has yet been issued a $5,000 fine, health officials said Thursday. Applicable entities that are found to be in violation will be fined, said Department of Health communications director Weesam Khoury. Khoury did not provide specifics on who was being investigated. State Rep. Carlos Guillermo Smith said that the DeSantis administration has not fined anyone is telling. He said the law was politically motivated. Guillermo Smith added he knows of businesses that are requiring vaccinations for customers but did not want to name them.

Fight over COVID-19 vaccines may keep some kids from traditional back-to-school shots via John Kennedy of USA Today Network With COVID-19 vaccinations a political battleground, fallout from the fight could be filtering down to Florida schools: In some counties, not enough kids are getting their routine back-to-school shots. And public health officials worry when even a small amount of school children arent immunized for measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria and more. They fear the combative divide over COVID-19 vaccinations, driven by so much misinformation, is creating a new threat in Florida classrooms. This is another public health crisis on top of a public health crisis, said Dr. Patricia Emmanuel, chair of the College of Medicine Pediatrics at USF Health, part of the University of South Florida.

Families scramble for at-home COVID-19 tests. Heres how theyre doing it. via Cindy Krischer Goodman of the South Florida Sun-Sentinel Where South Floridians once frantically sought Clorox wipes and hand sanitizer, now they are after a new hot commodity: at-home COVID-19 tests. Online and in stores, many major retailers like CVS and Walgreens are sold out of the popular at-home rapid tests. Medical supply vendors will fill only large quantities, and the wait is six to eight weeks. Workers in need of regular screening for employment and parents desperate to show a school a negative result are scrambling to find the tests, which return results in minutes.

CORONA LOCAL

Jerry Demings pushes back against DeSantis usurpation of epic proportion for proposing to fine Orange County via Stephen Hudak and Ryan Gillespie of the Orlando Sentinel Orange County will fight any efforts by state officials to impose potentially millions of dollars in fines on the county for Demings mandate requiring employees to get vaccinated for COVID-19 or face discipline. Demings letter was sent to Doug Woodlief, a division manager at the state Health Department, who called the Mayors vaccination mandate a discriminatory policy and a violation of a law, making the county potentially liable for a fine of $5,000 per individual violation.

Orlando pediatricians urge COVID-19 vaccinations via Scott Powers of Florida Politics With federal approval for COVID-19 vaccinations for younger school-age children imminent, two Orlando pediatricians urged parents to vaccinate their children when federal approval comes and to vaccinate themselves. Thats how you express to your children the fact that you care about them, the fact that you love them. This is what responsible parenting and membership in a community is all about, said Dr. Kenneth Alexander, the pediatrics infectious disease resident at Nemours Childrens Health in Orlando. Alexander and Dr. Adriana Cadilla, a pediatric infectious disease consultant at Nemours, spoke at Demings biweekly COVID-19 update briefing. They made it clear they harbor no doubts that vaccinating children would be the right thing to do if and when federal approval comes, which they expect.

Duval School Board votes to explore challenging state order on COVID-19 safety via Emily Bloch of The Florida Times-Union The Duval County School Board is fighting back against a state executive order that jeopardizes how the district handles its mask mandate and, potentially, quarantine policies. Tuesday, the Board voted 4-3 to allow its general counsel the ability to explore or move forward with litigation challenging a rule issued last week by Floridas new Surgeon General. Board members Charlotte Joyce, Lori Hershey and Cindy Pearson voted against the motion. School Board members say the move is about more than just its existing mask mandate, but a statement in favor of home rule. The decision followed an hourslong emergency board meeting featuring dozens of public comments from people against the districts existing universal mask mandate.

Powerful reporting She has Down syndrome, then got COVID-19. Could Amanda Hall learn to walk again? via Christopher ODonnell of the Tampa Bay Times Hall was born with Down syndrome, which left her at high risk of severe illness if she contracted COVID-19. She tested positive on Dec. 3. Two days later, she was on a ventilator in intensive care. So much time spent in a hospital bed had atrophied her muscles, and she could no longer walk or feed herself. Doctors said she needed extensive physiotherapy. After her discharge, home rehab therapy was set up for Amanda, but it was just twice a week. After several days of calling rehab centers, they were frantic. It was hard not to dwell on the home therapists warning: Amanda would likely never walk again without intensive daily therapy. A turning point in Amandas two-month rehabilitation came the day she was strong enough to walk in the hallway.

2022

Democrats worry a loss in Virginia could set off a cascade of election troubles via Michael Scherer and Sean Sullivan of The Washington Post Joe Bidens slumping approval ratings and gridlock on Capitol Hill have raised the risk that Democrats could lose the Virginia governors race, according to party insiders who fear a defeat could spark broader legislative and electoral problems in the coming year. I think Bidens poll numbers are dragging (Terry) McAuliffe down, said John Morgan, who gave $100,000 to McAuliffes campaign and was a major Biden donor. I think when voters see dysfunction, they tend to look at parties and go, The Democratic Party is dysfunctional. You know, why not give somebody else another chance? And so, I worry for Terry. Moreover, Washington Democrats are locked in a complex stalemate that has imperiled the infrastructure bill and a plan to expand social programs.

DeSantis says hes running for reelection, but hes not ready to disclose the details via Mary Ellen Klas of the Miami Herald DeSantis made it official on Sean Hannitys Fox News show. He used the moment to deflect from talk that he is on course to run for President in 2024 and announced he is indeed running for reelection. Im not considering anything beyond doing my job, DeSantis said in response to the question if he is considering a run for the presidency in 2024. Weve got a lot of stuff going on in Florida, Im going to be running for reelection next year. To run for President, DeSantis must first get reelected Governor in 2022, but theres still no official sign that DeSantis is prepared to file the paperwork required to be an official candidate.

DeSantis puts $2M into GOP voter registration efforts DeSantis has been raising money hand over fist through his political committee, which had $53M banked heading into September. As reported by Matt Dixon of POLITICO Florida, hes been putting that money to work by underwriting the Republican Party of Floridas voter registration efforts to the tune of nearly $2 million. The push has seen the GOP nearly eliminate Democrats advantage in voter registration, which now stands at 23,500. This did not happen overnight, RPOF Executive Director Helen Aguirre Ferr said. In the 2018 midterms, Florida Democrats had an advantage of 265,251 and since his inauguration in 2019, Gov. DeSantis has been laser-focused on overtaking Democrats in voter registration.

Anti-DeSantis PACs new ad mocked as unintentionally helpful via David Rutz of Fox News A left-wing PACs new ad attacking DeSantis over his coronavirus leadership was roasted Thursday as an unintentional ad for moving to his state. The ad from Remove Ron features a plane entering Floridas airspace as passengers are required to listen to DeSantis discuss COVID-19 policy, such as his opposition to vaccine passports, and how he wont force Floridians into lockdowns, mandates, and COVID-19 restrictions. Comparing the scene in Florida to the dystopia of The Purge movie franchise, the ads narrator notes visitors dont have to get a vaccine or wear masks, and features fake headlines from made-up newspapers like The Tampa Bay Terror Times.

Facing a historic challenge, Florida Democrats stumble against DeSantis via Tim Craig of The Washington Post Yet as they seek to defeat [Gov. Ron] DeSantiss brash style of conservatism, Florida Democrats have been battered by internal divisions over strategy and messaging, lackluster fundraising and a flailing voter registration effort, even as the states population gets more diverse. For the first time in history, there are nearly as many Republicans registered in Florida as there are Democrats. The state continues to drift to the right even as new census data shows White residents have slipped to 51 percent of the states population. We have failed to counter Republican propaganda, which has been especially aimed at Independent and no-party affiliated voters, said Steve Simeonidis, a former chairman of the Miami-Dade Democratic Party.

Personnel note: Charlie Crist campaign adds Lourdes Diaz as Hispanic media adviser Veteran Hispanic market and media strategist Diaz has joined the Crist campaign as Senior Adviser for Hispanic Outreach and Media. Diaz has decades of experience in communications, media sales, public relations, political consulting, and advertising. Her resume includes the strategic development of bilingual, Spanish-dominant, and crossover programs Bidens 2020 run and Obamas 2008 and 2012 campaigns. Diaz is currently the President of the Pembroke Pines Democratic Club and is Precinct Committeewoman in Pembroke Pines. Continuing to be an ally to Hispanic Floridians, fighting disinformation and fearmongering head-on, and pushing forward on issues of importance to our Hispanic neighbors, like immigration reform, health care, and economic opportunity, is a top priority in our campaign to take back the Governors mansion in 2022, Crist said.

Midnight deadline looms for Ken Russell $5,000 Democratic voter registration challenge via Jesse Scheckner of Florida Politics With the gap between Democratic and Republican voters in Florida shrinking, Russell is calling on his fellow party members to chip in funds to help Democrats regain lost ground. On Tuesday, National Voter Registration Day, Russell challenged Nikki Fried, former U.S. Rep. Alan Grayson and current U.S. Reps. Crist and Val Demings to join him in donating $5,000 to the Florida Democratic Party for a statewide voter registration push. He later put them on blast on Twitter, where he challenged all statewide candidates to do the same. Two days later, with the midnight Sept. 30 deadline to report campaign spending looming, none of them has answered the call, he said.

CD 20 debate highlights broad agreement on the issues, contrasting experience via Anne Geggis of Florida Politics With few divisions between them on issues such as affordable housing, gun control and expanding Medicaid to more people, Wednesdays debate among candidates to represent Congressional District 20 became a contest of experience on each topic. Trinity Health Care Services CEO Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick, Reps. Bobby DuBose and Omari Hardy, Broward County Commissioners Dale Holness and Barbara Sharief and Sen. Perry Thurston debated for the right to succeed the late U.S. Rep. Alcee Hastings. The candidates were asked whether they would support a federal move to expand Floridas Medicaid through budget reconciliation. All the candidates agreed it should happen and some took it as an opportunity to highlight their own actions to make health care more affordable.

What James Blair is reading GOP infighting spoils chance to retake Crists Florida seat via Gary Fineout of POLITICO (Anna Paulina)Luna made headlines this summer when she alleged that her potential Republican rivals were plotting to kill her. And at one point, she suggested Makki was also involved in the scheme leading Makki to call Luna unstable and pledge that she will spend the primary exposing Luna as a phony for once supporting Barack Obama.Amid this increasingly bitter backdrop, Luna gained an important ally when Trump earlier this month endorsed her following a 45-minute sit-down between the two at Trumps resort in Bedminster.But Trumps blessing did little to scare off other Republicans. Instead, it led to recriminations and finger pointing, including from long-time Trump ally Roger Stone, who predicted that Trump would rescind his endorsement once he learned more about Luna.

Jim Davis, Alex Sink announce support for Ben Diamond in CD 13 via Kelly Hayes of Florida Politics Rep. Diamond has announced a handful of new endorsements from state Democratic leaders supporting his run for Floridas 13th Congressional District. New endorsers include former U.S. Rep.Davis, former Florida Chief Financial Officer Sink, and former state Rep. Sean Shaw. Davis, who served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1997 to 2007, said Diamond will be a highly effective member of Congress. Sink became the first Democrat elected to the state Cabinet since 1998 when she took the office of Chief Financial Officer in 2006. She credits her endorsement to her experience working with Diamond while in office.

Spotted at the Senate Democrats fundraising trip to Napa Valley, which included stops at the Bryant, Ghost Block, Opus One, Paul Hobbs, and Spottswoode vineyards: Sens. Lauren Book, Janet Cruz, and Shevrin Jones, Senate candidate Janelle Perez, as well asMatt Blair, Amy Bisceglia, Ron Book, Jacqui Carmona, Edgar Castro, Candice Ericks, Diana Ferguson, Jeff Johnston, Natalie Kato, Corinne Mixon, Sean Pittman, Stephanie Smith, Amanda Stewart, Christian Ulvert, and Katie Webb.

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Lake Ray lands legislative endorsements for House comeback Former Rep. Ray on Thursday announced five endorsements from sitting lawmakers and a handful more from former ones as he seeks to return to the House in District 12. The nods came from Sen. Aaron Bean and Reps. Chuck Brannan, Cord Byrd, Chris Latvala, and Yarborough, the latter of whom currently represents the Duval County district. Ray, a Republican, also touted support from former Senator and Education Secretary Jim Horne, former Sen. Ronald Doc Renuart, and former Reps. Jay Fant and Jim Fuller. This powerhouse group of conservative leaders have helped to make Florida a great place to live, work and raise our families. I am honored to have their support, Ray said.

CORONA NATION

New COVID-19 cases fall by 25% via Sam Baker of Axios New coronavirus infections in the U.S. fell by 25% over the past two weeks another hopeful sign that the worst of the delta wave may be behind us. The U.S. is now averaging roughly 114,000 new cases per day. Thats still a lot, but its a significant improvement from this summer when the delta variant unleashed a new wave of infections, hospitalizations and death. Deaths are still on the rise nationwide, because of that summer surge. Theyre up 4% over the past two weeks, to an average of 2,000 per day. If the decline in cases keeps going, deaths should begin to come down relatively soon. Deaths are the last number to increase when a new wave hits, and the last number to decrease when it subsides.

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AstraZeneca COVID-19 vaccine shows 74% efficacy in large U.S. trial via Julie Steenhuysen of Reuters AstraZeneca PLCs COVID-19 vaccine demonstrated 74% efficacy at preventing symptomatic disease, a figure that increased to 83.5% in people aged 65 and older. Overall efficacy of 74% was lower than the interim 79% figure reported by the British drugmaker in March, a result AstraZeneca revised days later to 76% after a rare public rebuke from health officials that the figure was based on outdated information. read more. The data looked at more than 26,000 volunteers in the United States, Chile and Peru, who received two doses of the vaccine spaced about a month apart.

Joe Biden vaccine mandate splits U.S. on Party lines via Carla K. Johnson and Hannah Fingerhut of The Associated Press A survey of Americans on Bidens plan to require most workers to get either vaccinated or regularly tested for COVID-19 finds a deep and familiar divide: Democrats are overwhelmingly for it, while most Republicans are against it. With the highly contagious delta variant driving deaths up to around 2,000 per day, the poll showed that overall, 51% say they approve of the Biden requirement, 34% disapprove, and 14% hold neither opinion. About three-quarters of Democrats, but only about a quarter of Republicans, approve. Roughly 6 in 10 Republicans say they disapprove.

Biden teams booster divide deepens as risk of winter virus surge looms via Erin Banco of POLITICO Bidens top health advisers are split over the role booster shots should play in the next phase of the pandemic, setting up key fault lines to close in the coming weeks as they try to ward off further surges this fall and winter. Their disagreement centers on whether the U.S. should eventually offer an additional shot to every vaccinated adult in hopes of preventing even mild and moderate symptomatic breakthrough infections. The growing tension among the Presidents top COVID-19 advisers raises questions about whether the goals of the nations vaccination campaign are changing and the degree to which breakthrough infections may be inevitable.

The CDC escalates its pleas for pregnant and breastfeeding Americans to get vaccinated against COVID-19 via Roni Caryn Rabin of The New York Times In an urgent plea, federal health officials are asking that any American who is pregnant, planning to become pregnant or currently breastfeeding get vaccinated against the coronavirus as soon as possible. COVID-19 poses a severe risk during pregnancy, when a persons immune system is tamped down, and raises the risk of stillbirth or another poor outcome, according to the CDC. Twenty-two pregnant people in the United States died of COVID-19 in August. About 125,000 pregnant people have tested positive for the virus; 22,000 have been hospitalized, and 161 have died. Hospital data indicates that 97% of those who were infected with the virus when they were hospitalized were not vaccinated.

The U.S. says Texas ban on school mask mandates may violate disabled childrens rights. via Amanda Morris of The New York Times The Justice Department signaled its support for the families of children with disabilities in Texas who are suing to overturn Gov. Greg Abbotts ban on mask mandates in the states schools. The department filed a formal statement on Wednesday with the federal district court in Austin that is hearing one of the lawsuits, saying that the ban violates the rights of students with disabilities if it prevents the students from safely attending public schools in person, even if their local school districts offered them the option of virtual learning. The move signals a willingness by the federal government to intervene in states where governors and other policymakers have opposed mask mandates.

Turns out a lot of those never-vaxxers were really Ill get it if required via Philip Bump of The Washington Post Various employers, including the federal government, implemented vaccine requirements or new vaccine standards in recent months, setting deadlines that have started to arrive. What weve seen is that relatively few employees flat out resist vaccination. Given that 12% of respondents in the poll said they would never get vaccinated (compared with only 4% who said theyd do so if required), it certainly seems as if some of the resistance to vaccination expressed to the pollsters eroded when a requirement was actually put in place. Those who may have been obstinate about the vaccines when called by a pollster seem to have been a bit more flexible when called by their bosses.

Messy, incomplete U.S. data hobbles pandemic response via Joel Achenbach and Yasmeen Abutaleb of The Washington Post Critically important data on vaccinations, infections, hospitalizations and deaths are scattered among local health departments, often out of date and hard to aggregate at the national level, and it is simply inadequate for the job of battling a highly transmissible and stealthy pathogen. The dearth of timely, comprehensive data impaired the ability of the nations top public health officials and infectious disease experts to reach a consensus on the need for booster shots. The lack of testing and standardized reporting of cases and deaths left U.S. officials slow to grasp the scale of the crisis when the virus began to spread. Insufficient data also meant supplies to fight the pandemic arrived too late in hard-hit cities.

In well-vaccinated Maine, COVID-19 still fills hospitals with the unvaccinated via Jon Kamp and Brianna Abbott of The Wall Street Journal The delta variant is finding clusters of unvaccinated people even in some of the best-vaccinated parts of the country, such as Maine. A COVID-19 surge in the New England state has filled hospitals and put dozens of mostly unvaccinated people on ventilators, setting records for the state. The problem, public-health experts say, is the variants high transmissibility combined with the relaxation of precautions such as wearing masks. COVID-19 infections and hospitalizations have also flared among mostly unvaccinated people in Vermont and western Massachusetts, highlighting the risk Delta poses even in states with the best track records for getting shots in arms.

Montana hospital ICU reaches 150% capacity amid surge of COVID-19 cases via Meg Oliver of CBS News At Billings Clinic, the largest hospital in the state, the ICU is running at 150% capacity with younger and sicker patients admitted daily. The National Guard is on hand to help care for and screen new patients while hallways house the overflow. In the past week, Montana averaged about 108 COVID-19 patients in hospital ICUs breaking the record seen during the winter of 2020. Thirty-five people have died in the state since the start of the month. So we are were getting short on beds, emergency room doctor Jamiee Belsky said. People need to get vaccinated because right now were hurting.

CORONA ECONOMICS

U.S. unemployment claims rise third straight week to 362,000 via The Associated Press The number of Americans applying for unemployment benefits rose for the third straight week, a sign that the highly contagious delta variant may be slowing recovery in the job market. Claims rose unexpectedly by 11,000 last week to 362,000, the Labor Department said Thursday, though economists had been expecting claims to go in the opposite direction. The four-week moving average of claims, which smooths out week-to-week ups and downs, rose for the first time in seven weeks to 340,000. Since topping 900,000 in early January, applications had fallen fairly steadily as the economy bounced back from last years shutdowns. But theyve been rising along with coronavirus infections.

Florida, Texas report surge in COVID-19 comp claims via Louise Esola of Business Insurance The summer surge in COVID-19 cases in Florida began in July, as 4,221 COVID-19 workers compensation indemnity claims were filed and August tallies show a slight drop. The monthly report, which tracks overall indemnity, or income replacement, claims, including data on costs and industry breakdowns, showed that the 4,221 claims reported in July and the 3,287 reported in August remain a steep drop from the peak of 8,406 claims in July 2020. Since March 2020, the lowest number of claims were reported in June 2021: 664. insurers in the state have paid $1.5 million in total benefits, indemnity plus medical, for COVID-19 claims.

Morning must-read Inside Americas broken supply chain via David J. Lynch of The Washington Post The commercial pipeline that each year brings $1 trillion worth of toys, clothing, electronics and furniture from Asia to the United States is clogged, and no one knows how to unclog it. Dozens of cargo vessels stuck at anchor off the California coast illustrate the delivery disruptions. Americans trapped at home slashed spending at restaurants, movie theaters, and sporting events and splurged on goods such as laptops and bicycles, triggering an import avalanche that has overwhelmed freight channels. But the pandemic also exposed weaknesses in the nations transport plumbing: investment shortfalls at key ports, controversial railroad industry labor cuts, and a chronic failure by key players to collaborate.

MORE CORONA

Woman who survived 1918 flu, world war succumbs to COVID-19 via Todd Richmond of The Associated Press She lived a life of adventure that spanned two continents. She fell in love with a World War II fighter pilot, barely escaped Europe ahead of Benito Mussolinis fascists, ground steel for the U.S. war effort, and advocated for her disabled daughter in a far less enlightened time. She was, her daughter said, someone who didnt make a habit of giving up. And then this month, at age 105, Primetta Giacopinis life ended the way it began in a pandemic. I think my mother would have been around quite a bit longer if she hadnt contracted COVID, her 61-year-old daughter, Dorene Giacopini, said. She was a fighter. She had a hard life, and her attitude always was basically, all Americans who were not around for World War II were basically spoiled brats.

Proposed bill would require COVID-19 vaccine, negative test for domestic air travel ahead of holidays via Melanie Woodrow of ABC 6 With the Thanksgiving holiday just around the corner and one of the busiest times to fly, California U.S. Sen. Diane Feinstein tweeted, We cant allow upcoming holiday air travel to contribute to another surge in COVID cases. Today, I introduced legislation requiring passengers on domestic flights to be vaccinated, test negative or be fully recovered from a previous COVID illness. Willis Orlando, a Flight Expert at Scotts Cheap Flights, said if the bill became law, it really would just be kind of adding restrictions in the U.S. that already exist elsewhere in the world and that have been working pretty well to contain COVID.

Why are people nostalgic for early-pandemic life? via Morgan Ome and Christian Paz of The Atlantic Its easy to forget about the toilet-paper shortages, the empty streets, and the disinfected groceries. The first days, weeks even, of the pandemic felt like a twisted novelty. You didnt know what a variant was. And you thought you would probably return to school or your office in a couple of weeks. This was March 2020. Deep in the throes of the late-stage pandemic, millions of young people have grown to miss this time early last year. Their longing is captured in TikToks and YouTube videos that romanticize the trends, obsessions, and sounds of 18 months ago. These early-pandemic aesthetic creators had built an online community tied together by a yearning for a time when the world seemed united in facing an uncertain future.

PRESIDENTIAL

Biden signs bill to avert partial government shutdown via The Associated Press With only hours to spare, Biden signed legislation that would avoid a partial federal shutdown and keep the government funded through Dec. 3. Congress had passed the bill earlier Thursday. The back-to-back votes by the Senate and then the House averted one crisis, but delays on another continue as the political parties dig in on a dispute over how to raise the governments borrowing cap before the United States risks a potentially catastrophic default. The House approved the short-term funding measure by a 254-175 vote not long after Senate passage in a 65-35 vote. A large majority of Republicans in both chambers voted against it. The legislation was needed to keep the government running once the current budget year ended at midnight Thursday.

Bidens approval rating recovers some from last months low, an NPR poll finds via Domenico Montanaro of NPR Last month, just 43% of survey respondents approved of how he was doing his job and a majority, 51%, disapproved. Since then, Biden has gained back some of that, drawing to about even, with 45% approving and 46% disapproving. The survey of 1,220 adults was conducted from Sept. 20 through Sunday and had a margin of error of 3.4 percentage points, meaning Bidens approval rating could be about 3 points higher or lower. The 7-point net change in his approval rating from one month to the next is slightly outside the margin of error. Bidens somewhat-recovered numbers come from registered Democrats and independents.

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Sandra Cisneros Loves to Read About Women Waging Battle – The New York Times

Posted: September 8, 2021 at 10:05 am

Hermosa, poetry, Yesika Salgado

Black Wings, Sehba Sarwar

Blood Sugar Canto, poetry, irene lara silva

Teresa of Avila: Ecstasy and Common Sense, by Tessa Bielecki

VirginX, poetry, Natalia Trevio

The Architecture of Language, poetry, Quincy Troupe

Codex of Love: Bendita Ternura, poetry, Liliana Valenzuela (Im rereading this)

Their Dogs Came With Them, novel, Helena Mara Viramontes (Rereading this too)

Whats the last great book you read?

The one Im reading now; Loaded: A Disarming History of the Second Amendment, by Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, a history of how the United States evolved to where we are as a nation besieged by gun violence. This is not the kind of book Id usually read, but I loved her earlier book, An Indigenous Peoples History of the United States; reading it was like going back to school and gaining a new perspective of the Americas, one that retrieved the lost history of my ancestors. Im on a mission to make up for the huge gaps in my miseducation as a woman of color.

Are there any classic novels that you only recently read for the first time?

The Nine Guardians, by Rosario Castellanos, a beautiful novel about a village on the Mexico-Guatemala border during the turbulent power shifts of the 1930s. Castellanos is one of the most brilliant writers of the last century, but when the Latin American boom in literature resounded in the United States, it was only the male voices that were heard. At this point in my life, I want to read the classics from the Americas, from Mexico, from women, from the working class, from the Indigenous communities, from everyone who hasnt been allowed to the podium before.

Describe your ideal reading experience (when, where, what, how).

I prefer reading lying down propped by a sea of pillows, like a famous grand horizontale, in bed or on the terrace, on a chaise or in a hammock, or simply on the couch; preferably on a day when no one rings the doorbell, which is almost impossible, because in Mexico, everyone rings the bell. The flower seller, the doughnut man, the water man, the sweet potato man, the knife sharpener, the woman asking to sweep your driveway, the man who was laid off his job and is looking for work as a gardener, the nice couple from the countryside with fresh tortillas and prickly pear paddles, the man who sells wool snakes to keep out the doorway drafts. I am lucky to be able to work from home and not have to ring doorbells, so I have no right to complain.

Whats your favorite book no one else has heard of?

My favorites are Gwendolyn Brookss Maud Martha and Merc Rodoredas The Time of the Doves, both books that deal with war, though the former only at the finale. Come to think of it, many of my favorite books are about women surviving or waging war Elena Poniatowskas Heres to You, Jesusa!, a melding of fiction and nonfiction about a Mexican woman warrior; Cartucho and My Mothers Hands, both memoiristic accounts by Nellie Campobello that witness war from a childs point of view; Recollections of Things to Come, a novel by Elena Garro, which documents Mexicos Cristero War of the 1920s; Tempest Over Mexico, a memoir by Rosa King, a foreigner who witnessed the key players of the Mexican Revolution; and A Woman in Berlin, a brutal memoir of the sacking of Berlin by a writer too afraid to publish under any other name but Anonymous. Except for Maud Martha and Tempest Over Mexico, they were all written in a foreign language, with some translations faring better than others. These are not your typical war stories.

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Can the Antarctic Treaty protect one of the world’s last great wildernesses from climate change? – ABC News

Posted: August 20, 2021 at 5:49 pm

It's one of the world's last great wildernesses. Antarctica, the world's southernmost continent, is known for its penguins, polar expeditions and icy beauty.

But it's not quite as pristine as the brochures would like everyone to believe. Environmentalists say the region is facing multiple pressures from climate change, increased tourism and countries jostling for strategic positions.

And all that protects this majestic area is a single treaty, negotiated more than six decades ago.

So is the Antarctic Treaty robust enough to protect the 'Great White Continent'? Does it need to be updated? Or is it working as it should be?

At its heart, the Antarctic Treaty isabout keeping the peace.

Most land claims over Antarctica were made before World War II.

Supplied: Antarctic Climate and Ecosystems CRC

After the war, there was a renewed focus on polar research and something was needed to reduce the potential for conflict over Antarctica, says international law expert Donald Rothwell.

By the 1950s, seven nations Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and the United Kingdom had claimed territorial sovereignty over areas of Antarctica.

And many others, including the United States and the Soviet Union, had been exploring the area.

"The treaty's genius was that it actually stopped those sovereignty and territorial disputes in the 50s, and during a critical period in the Cold War," Professor Rotherwell,from Australian National University, tells ABC RN's Counterpoint.

The treaty was signed in 1959 by 12 nations including Australia, United States and USSR and came into force on June 23, 1961.

Supplied: Australian Antarctic Division

While the treaty effectively neutralised territorial claims, Australia never relinquished the Australian Antarctic Territory, althoughthis isn't recognised by many other nations.

The 5.9 million square kilometre area, equivalent to 80 per cent of the size of Australia, is about 42 per cent of the continent. And Australia has three research bases:Casey, Davis and Mawson.

Interestingly, the only piece of unclaimed land on Earth is in West Antarctica. The 1.6 million square kilometre section of icy terrain and glaciers, known as Marie Byrd Land, remains unclaimed due to its remoteness and lack of resources.

The treaty bans military activities, nuclear testing and the disposal of radioactive waste in the region. It outlines a vision for peace and freedom of scientific research with nations cooperating and exchanging research plans and personnel.

There are also provisions for nations to inspect each other's ships, stations and equipment. Over the past 60 years, Australia has conducted 10 inspections in Antarctica the most recent included visiting two facilities run by Chinaand stops at bases run byGermany, Russia, Korea and Belarus last year.

Checks are usually to verify compliance with the environmental and non-militarisation principles of the treaty and to ensure scientific researchistaking place.

Supplied: Rodolfo Werner

Membership to the treaty has grown over time, with any member of the United Nations eligible to sign on. It now has 54signatoriesbut only 29 countries either original signatories or those who are conducting substantial research on the continent have voting rights to decide the continent's future, protectionand enforcement of rules.

Decisions require consensus between the 29 nations.

Professor Rothwell says, by all standardsthe treaty is "very old".

"It has never been amended or modified [but] it's certainly been expanded."

He says that, in addition to the original treaty, there isa patchwork of agreements and protocols on issues like mining, management of protected areas, the environment, tourism, fishing and preservation of historical sites, which make up the Antarctic Treaty System.

"There's always been a bit of a question mark over it, in terms of whether it will remain good as a treaty regime into the future, given emerging geopolitical tensions," he says.

Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition executive director Claire Christian says the treaty's mission to "permanently demilitarise an entire continent was a huge accomplishment".

"It was also quite important that the original signatories prioritised scientific research rather than economic exploitation," she says.

Christian says the addition of the Madrid Protocol in 1991 "refocussed" the treaty on environmental protection by banning mineral extraction. It also requires Antarctic Treaty parties to undertake environmental protection measures including environmental impact assessments andprotected areas.

In some ways, Christian says, the protocol and the treaty are still "revolutionary" by prioritising environmental protection and international cooperation rather than national interests.

Supplied:Rodolfo Werner

Antarctic campaigner Alistair Allan, who has visited the region five times with the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society, says thispart of the world faces serious challenges.

Climate change is the "absolute biggest threat" to the region. Allan, from the Bob Brown Foundation, points out that the 29 countries with voting rights over Antarctica are among the world's greatest emitters of greenhouse gases.

Supplied:Alistair Allan

He believes these countries could make a real difference to the future of Antarctica and the world.

He's calling for a "stronger shared care for the Antarctic environment" and for countries to make "real changes back at home".

Tourism is also a growing concern in the region. Before the coronavirus pandemic, there was a surge in cashed-up visitors all keen to explore the continent.

"When they wrote the treaty, that wasn't even a thing. There was no anticipation for the biggest industry in Antarctica to be tourism," Allan says.

Increased visitors put further pressure on the ecosystem with more ship and aircraft movement, more people on the ground exploring sensitive areaslikepenguin rookeries and the potential for invasive species to be introduced.

"Every little activity by itself doesn't necessarily harm the environment," Allan says, but adds thatitall has acumulative impact.

Supplied:Rodolfo Werner

It depends on who you ask.

Professor Rothwell saysat face value the treaty is achieving its aim.

Humans have accessed more than two-thirds of the Antarctica and the proportion of places not impacted by people is shrinking, say researchers who are calling for greater protection of wilderness areas.

"It's not only holding the peacebut it's keeping scientific research going, which has always been critical on the continent," he says.

"The scientific research has evolved to have an increasing focus on climate change, so you can't say that the research is not relevant and contemporary and focussed."

Allan isn't so sure. He describes an atmosphere akin to a"moon race"between countries "jostling for territory" by proposing large infrastructure projects.

For instance, Australia has plans to build a 2.7 kilometre concrete airstrip to receive planes all year round.

Allan says the project near Davis Station is an example of a country trying to shore up its territorial claim.

"Due to climate change, the ice runway in summer is actually melting and they can't land the planes ... but the real reason is about huge strategic imperatives," he says.

Both Allan and Christian agree the treaty's core is solid but there are weaknesses.

"There are plenty of scientists and government officials who understand what needs to be done [to protect the region]and have good ideas for implementing itbut theyare too often blocked by one or two countries," Christian says.

Enforcement of the rules is another issue.

For instance, when South Korean and Russian fishing vessels were caught fishing illegally in the area, they avoided the consequences after their respective countries couldn't agree on how to enforce theregulations.

Allan says there needs to be stricter regulations and more countries involved in making decisions.

"The foundation is strong in terms of no-military, cooperation,natural reserve, peace and science ... What it needs now is stricter control regulation and potentially also bringing more people into that conversation.

"At the moment, it is still the 29 voting countries that primarily get to choose what happens and there's not much say from the rest of the world.

"What happens in Antarctica affects all of us."

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Can You Be Addicted to Travel? – Atlas Obscura

Posted: July 27, 2021 at 1:15 pm

Thirty-some-odd years ago, Don Parrish decided to visit all 50 U.S. states. Completing that feat only stoked his appetite for more, so he set out to apply the same concept on a global basis, visiting every region of every country. He says hes a homebody despite the fact that he has since visited all 32 Chinese provinces, 28 states in India, 83 Russian oblasts, 27 regions of France, 16 German Lnder, and so on. (And these political subdivisions arent static, so when a new region is created, Parrish goes back to check it off his list. Oh no, South Sudan is now a country? Gotta go back!)

Parrish is recognized as one of the worlds most traveled persons by all of the leading country-collecting clubs, including Most Traveled People (MTP) and Nomad Mania. His goal is to go everywhere on the planet, and hes been closing in on completing the MTP travel list in recent years. Most of the places left on his to-do list are obscure, remote islands with no regular ferry service, or spots that governments have declared off-limits to travelers.

Parrish is a trim, robust man in his 70s with neatly parted gray hair, pale blue eyes, and a bushy lumberjack beard. Hes a retired telecommunications engineer who looks like hes ready to go back to work at any moment. He wears a Fitbit device to track how many steps he walks each day and keeps a favorite pen tucked in his shirt pocket. His travel obsession started in the summer of 1965 when, as a college student from Texas, he worked as an unskilled laborer in a metal factory in Hanau, West Germany, as part of an exchange program. This formative experience gave him a taste for travel that has only intensified over the years. Travel, he believes, is a pursuit of knowledge, and each trip leads to the next one.

For hyper-organized Parrish, travel isnt just a pastime or a hobby. He prepares laminated itineraries for each journey, detailing his itinerary and goals for the trip. And he has recently begun to record and document every passport stamp he has accrued so he knows exactly when he entered and exited every country he has traveled to over the years. He calls this a personal travel archaeology project, and says the point isnt to prove that hes the most traveled person but rather just for his own record-keeping.

I like to be able to look back and see that on July 7, 1996, on trip number 54 [he also assigns each of his trips a number], I was in a particular place, he explained.

I met Parrish for the first time in a small park near his home in Downers Grove, a suburb of Chicago. He arrived early and had a black briefcase with some of his laminated trip itineraries and books detailing all his passport stamps. We had a lot to talk about but had a hard time agreeing on how to proceed. Parrish is a methodical, analytical thinker and he quickly grew frustrated when I would interrupt one of his stories to ask a question.

Well get to that, hed say.

Parrish travels with his own pillow and has no souvenirs in his homehe doesnt like to waste money, and the place isnt big enough.

Some people spend their money on nice clothes and fancy cars, he said. I spend my money on travel.

The only evidence of his travels inside his home is a map of the world in a hallway. But, no, there are no pins to indicate where hes been.

There would be pins everywhere, he explained.

Most pleasure trips are for a finite period of time to specific destinations. The journey is supposed to provide a solutionit could be anything from satisfying curiosity about a place or needing a break from routine to seeing a specific sight, finding a partner, or any other purpose.

But for those inflicted with intensive wanderlust, these trips provide a powerful sense of momentum. Visit Thailand and youll meet travelers who swear that Laos is more authentic. Go to Laos and others will insist that you havent seen a thing until youve been to Cambodia. The next thing you know, youve quit your job and are living out of a suitcase.

Once youre hooked on travel, you can never really feel sated because its not really a small world after all. Its immense, and pursuing the bits you havent seen can evolve into an obsession.

The word wanderlust comes from the German verb wanderto hike. Wanderlust is literally a desire to hike, but Daniel Garrison Brinton, a surgeon who spent a year traveling after medical school in the 1850s, hit on the deeper meaning of the term in his 1902 book with the not-so-sexy title The Basis of Social Relations. He described wanderlust as an inexplicable force, fraught with consequences to world-history. This wanderlust arises as an emotional epidemic, not by a process of reasoning, he wrote.

Maurice Farber, a longtime professor of psychology at the University of Connecticut who died in 2009, neatly summarized how compulsive travel can become a hamster wheel, where we keep moving without understanding why, in his oft-cited paper, Some Hypotheses on the Psychology of Travel, half a century later, in 1954.

Travel is, for some, a genuine compulsive symptom in the sense that it reflects persistent and powerful unconscious strivings, he wrote.

Indeed, travel is as addictive as sugar, cigarettes, or any drug. Good trips, bad trips, mediocre tripsin some ways, it hardly matters when you just need your next fix. And wanderlust can indeed be an emotional epidemic, as Garrison Brinton suggested more than a century ago. I avoid using the term travel bug because a bug is a minor affliction that disappears quickly. No, wanderlust is indeed more like an epidemicsomething powerful that isnt easy to shake or disregard. A force of nature.

We know a lot about compulsive and neurotic behaviorshoarding, phobias, and addictions to gambling, drugs, sex, porn, and foodbut very little has been written about compulsive wandering. Many travelers freely admit that they are addicted to travel, but these admissions are made in a light-hearted context: Almost no one thinks of travel as a potentially serious problem becauselets face itfor most of us, travel is fun.

Can travel be a bona fide addiction? You wont find travel addicts convulsing on the floor in a cold sweat, and there are no 12-step programs, halfway houses, or methadone clinics for the afflicted. But compulsive travelers can become dependent on travel to achieve a high they cant find anywhere else. And that dependence makes it difficult to come home.

Anyoneeven the president of the United States of Americacan feel a little lost at the end of a long journey. After two terms, Ulysses S. Grant left the White House on uncertain financial footing, but, rather than try to cash in on his notoriety, he elected to indulge his wanderlust, taking a two-year-and-four-month-long journey around the world.

Biographer Ron Chernow said that Grant displayed inexhaustible curiosity about the daily habits of ordinary people, seeking out obscure nooks of cities where he could watch them incognito. His wife, Julia Grant, devoted a third of her memoir to describing the trip.

They traveled with their sons for part of the journey and were nomads during this time, with no fixed abode. As they sailed back to San Francisco from Japan in September 1879, Grant, according to Chernow, returned home with some trepidation, even a creeping sense of dread, unsure of how he would make a living or even where he would live.

Writing to his friend and former secretary of state, Elihu Washburne, Grant said, I have no home but must establish one after I get back. I do not know where.

Grant later told reporters that he had been homesick a year into his journey but had gotten used to the vagabonding lifestyle and rather liked it: A year and a half ago, I was thoroughly homesick, but the variation of scene and the kindness which I have met with have almost done away with that feeling.

The Grants ended up living nomadically for four years. The former president thought he couldnt afford to live in a city but he found Galena, Illinois, where he grew up, too depressing. They landed on their feet, on East Sixty-Sixth Street in New York, across from Central Park, thanks to a $100,000 gift from wealthy benefactors. Sadly, health problems prevented him from repeating his world tour and he died of throat cancer in 1885.

The natural inclination for the obsessed traveler is to exterminate that post-travel depression by planning a new trip. The problem is that few of us have the luxury of traveling wherever and whenever we damn well feel like it. Work and family commitments, not to mention limited finances, can keep us grounded. And even if you try to structure a career path to accommodate a travel addiction, there are obstacles to overcome.

Ruth Engs, a professor of public health at Indiana University, told me that any activity or behavior can turn into an addiction. Some activities [like travel] are positive addictions but they can disrupt personal, family, work, financial stability, and other life commitments and can be considered an addictive behavior, she says.

Joseph Troiani, a professor of psychology at Adler University, echoed that assertion, telling me that travel can turn into a compulsive behavior for people who are looking to escape reality or use it as an avoidance strategy.

It can be a way to delay or completely avoid doing things we dont want to do, he says. Its easy to get hooked on travel because it stimulates the pleasure centers in the brain.

Even if theres general agreement that just about any behavior can turn into an addiction, I wanted to find a therapist accustomed to treating much nastier addictionsdrugs, sex, porn, gamblingto see if they would take a self-diagnosed travel addiction seriously.

I found Pete Pennington, a psychotherapist with a masters degree in clinical mental health counseling, specializing in gambling and other addictions, on the website of the magazine Psychology Today. A fit guy with fine, straw-colored hair whom I took to be around my age45Pennington ushered me inside a fluorescently lit office adorned with a bike, an aquarium, and a dry-erase board still filled with notes from his previous client, a gambling addict who was smiling as she exited the building.

I just finished a really intense session, so Im a little wiped out, Pennington said, taking a photo of his notes from the dry-erase board.

I felt a bit uneasy introducing the topic of travel addiction after he had just treated someone with what most would consider a much more serious and dangerous condition. I was like the guy waiting in line at the police station to flag a jaywalker behind someone reporting a murder. But Pennington set me at ease by establishing early on that he too was a traveler. In 2009, he left his job as a wilderness therapist to take a 10-month trip to India, Nepal, Southeast Asia, and a host of other places. But although he enjoyed the trip, travel never evolved into an addiction.

He loved some of the places he visited (Thailand) but was ambivalent or down on others (Egypt). Coming home wasnt an ordeal. There is no such thing as a positive addiction, he said, disagreeing with what Id heard from Ruth Engs. An addiction is when the negative consequences of a behavior outweigh the positive ones.

Pennington said that travel helped him bring the same sense of curiosity he had while in an exotic place back home. When I was sitting in traffic in Kathmandu, I never felt bored because there was always something interesting to look at, he said. I try to be the same way here in Bend [Oregon, where hes based]. I look around. I try to be observant rather than spacing out.

I told Pennington a bit about my life as a traveler and about some of the fellow travel addicts Ive met. But he was undecided on the question of whether travel could be a legitimate addiction. In more than 10 years of treating clients, hed worked with bipolar types, depressives, hoarders, people with eating and anxiety disorders, and those with addictions to gambling, sex, porn, alcohol, and drugs. But he had never treated anyone with a travel addiction.

Travel is a complex experience, he said, stroking a few days of beard growth on his chin. People are usually addicted to really simple things. Im not saying travel addiction doesnt exist but I just dont know. My instinct is that its not the travel thats someones problem but rather some other underlying issue in their life thats troubling them.

Since Pennington specializes in gambling addiction, I asked him if most of the gamblers he treats acknowledge their addiction.

Most of them dont because addictions disrupt our perception of reality, he said. I show them all the statistics about how people who gamble or play the lottery dont win but it means nothing to them. Theyre all convinced that theyll win if they keep playing.

Pennington might not see it, but I see parallels between gambling and compulsive traveling. Both pursuits can turn into costly obsessions that can impact careers, relationships, and pocketbooks. And while the gambler thinks if he just keeps rolling the dice, eventually hell strike it big, at least some travelers believe that if they keep moving, theyll find Shangri-la, enlightenment, or the person who will change their life.

Wanderlust starts with curiosity. Not everyone needs to travel to satisfy curiosity. I had an uncle who was a very learned guy with a high degree of intellectual curiosity. But he was able to satisfy his curiosity by reading books rather than going on trips. Is curiosity an inherited trait? If not, what is its underlying cause?

George Loewenstein, a professor of economics and psychology at Carnegie Mellon University, published what is still probably the definitive review and reinterpretation of the psychology of curiosity in 1994. Lowenstein called curiosity a critical motive that influences behavior in both positive and negative ways at all stages of the life cycle.

Researchers have established a strong link between curiosity and exploratory behavior, and Loewenstein calls curiosity a natural human tendency to make sense of the world.

Curiosity has been a major impetus behind scientific discovery and has served to inspire and stimulate creative types throughout history. But on the downside, it is also associated with behavior disorders one can find as search categories on porn sites, such as voyeurism, and has been blamed for risky behaviors such as drug and alcohol use, early sexual experimentation, and certain types of crime such as arson.

Loewenstein calls curiosity a form of cognitively induced deprivation that results from the perception of a gap in ones knowledge. The more knowledge one gains in a field, the more the curious person will focus on what they dont know. Curiosity increases with knowledge and as people focus on one area, they can become obsessed with it and realize their shortcomings. The more you travel, the more aware you are of the gaps on your travel resume, particularly if you dwell in the company of the worlds elite competitive travelers. The quest for mastery and completion, i.e., finishing the travel lists, is a powerful one that can be hard to set aside.

In our modern context, curiosity is viewed as almost universally positive. But it hasnt always been this way. In Greek mythology, Pandora, the first woman created by the gods, succumbed to her curiosity, opening a box (probably a jar) that released all the evils of humanity. Eve ate the forbidden fruit from the tree of knowledge, and in the book of Genesis, Lots wife was so curious that she couldnt resist turning around to look at the city of Sodom. The poor womanshe wasnt named in the bible, other than Lots wifewas turned into a pillar of salt.

Stephen Greenblatt, a Pulitzer Prizewinning author and professor of the humanities at Harvard, noted in The New York Times Review of Books in 1998 that for centuries, Stoic philosophers and Christian theologians struggled to subdue curiosity as one of the most disruptive, intractable and potentially vicious human traits.

In the 12th century, a French abbot, St. Bernard of Clairvaux, wrote that curiosity was the first step of pride the beginning of all sin. He detailed 12 steps up the mountain of pride, and another 12 down in his work The Steps of Humility and Pride. Curiosity, he asserted, can be healthy, but it can also be sinful when we take it too far, prying into matters that are not our concern.

Apparently some still believe this. Monsignor Charles Pope, a pastor in the Archdiocese of Washington, D.C., concluded in a 2013 piece on the 12 steps that the mountain of pride begins in the mind with a lack of sobriety rooted in sinful curiosity and frivolous preoccupation.

St. Augustine referred to curiosity as an ocular lust. Cicero thought that the story of Odysseusthe hero of Homers epic poem The Odyssey, who spent 10 years making his way home after the Trojan Warwas a parable about curiosity. Some 2,000 years ago he remarked, It was the passion for learning that kept men rooted to the Sirens rocky shores. And the 19th-century German philosopher Ludwig Feuerbach viewed curiosity as invoking painful feelings of deprivation if not satisfied.

Loewenstein echoed this concern, observing that, Despite its transience, curiosity can exert a powerful motivational force. Like sexual attraction, curiosity often produces impulsive behavior and attempts at self control. People who are curious not only desire information but desire it immediately and even seek it out against their better judgment.

Researchers dont agree on why we do this but they have identified multiple types of curiosity. One type, referred to as diversive curiosity, which is a kind of general stimulation seeking, is probably most closely related to novelty-seeking and exploratory behavior, but it can also be a garden-variety response to boredom. In 1972, the influential psychologist Jerome Kagan identified four basic human motivesthe first, the motive to resolve uncertainty, is synonymous with curiosity. (The others are sensory motives, anger and hostility, and the motive for mastery.)

Loewenstein argued that the key to understanding curiosity seeking lies in recognizing that the process of satisfying curiosity is itself pleasurable. And the process of satiating ones curiosity can indeed be enormously gratifying. But Loewenstein also acknowledged that while the satisfaction one obtains from satisfying curiosity will undoubtedly occasionally exceed ones expectations, he believes that those instances are outnumbered by occasions where the result is disappointing.

For Parrish and other top extreme travelers, travel disappointments often entail failurenot getting to impossibly difficult-to-reach locations, such as Bouvet Island, a kind of holy grail destination for elite country collectors, in the South Atlantic Ocean. Bouvet is a 19-square-mile dependency of Norway, 90 percent covered in glaciers and about a thousand miles away from the nearest populated land masstiny Tristan da Cunha, population 262.

Parrish and others tried to visit twice, in 2014 and 2015. Their ship got close enough to see it, but the seas were too violent to attempt a landingso it didnt count. Its been 15 years since anyone has successfully landed on Bouvet. Failure is not unusual, Parrish said. People fail trying to get to places like this. Here is my test for top travelers, tell me all the places youve failed to get to. The people who have the longest lists, those are the top travelers.

When I first met Parrish in 2014, he had just 36 places left to visit on MTPs list, out of what was then a list of 874. By the end of 2018, he had just 22 left. (Um, theyre now up to 995.) Mind you, whittling this list down from that stage, even modestly, is hard work, as it contains off-limits places and superbly, singularly hard-to-reach destinations, such as the Chesterfield Islands in the middle of the Pacific, Marie Byrd Land in the Antarctic, and more.

I corresponded with Parrish in February 2019 while he was in Mexico, where he planned to visit 20 UNESCO World Heritage sites in two weeks. He had some annoying news to share: Charles Veley, the founder of MTP and the last man to visit Bouvet, had expanded the MTP list to include 19 new places as a Christmas gift. Parrish only had four of them already. And so, after five years of arduous travel, his MTP target list had grown from 36 places to 37 (and now it is at 99). The good news, he said, was that two once forbidden islandsNicobar (in the Bay of Bengal) and Paracel (in the South China Sea)were opening up. And so, there was always somewhere to go.

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Can You Be Addicted to Travel? - Atlas Obscura

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Sunburn The morning read of what’s hot in Florida politics 7.9.21 – Florida Politics

Posted: July 10, 2021 at 3:35 am

Good Friday morning.

Thank you for the incredible outpouring of support you have showered upon us in the last 48 hours. Your prayers certainly worked as Michelle, while still recovering in the hospital and dealing with a good deal of pain, is on the mend.

Thank you to my #FlaPol colleagues for stepping up and assembling another solid edition of Sunburn PS.

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They said, I do Congratulations to Pinellas County Commissioner and former Rep. Kathleen Peters and her fiancee Jack Kuntz, who tied the knot Thursday in Hawaii at Shipwreck Beach, Kauai. Mazel Tov and best wishes to the happy couple!

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The Florida Police Chiefs Association welcomed the states elected leaders at the FPCA 69th Annual Summer Conference at the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel in Hollywood, where it inducted its 2021-2022 leadership team andnamed the 2021 Legislators of the Year.

FPCA was honored to welcome and hear from U.S. Sens. Rick Scott and Marco Rubio, Gov. Ron DeSantis, Attorney General Ashley Moody,and Agriculture & Consumer Services Commissioner Nikki Fried, as we honored the service and sacrifices of the law enforcement profession, said newly installed FPCA President Stephan Dembinsky, who serves as director of the Daytona Beach Shores Public Safety Department. FPCA also stood withChief Financial Officer Jimmy Patronis, who could not join us as he led the State Fire Marshal Offices response at the Surfside building collapse.

Joining Dembinksy on the new executive committee is Chief Michael Kessie, New College of Florida PD, first vice president; Chief Keith Touchberry, Fellsmere PD, second vice president; Chief Charles Chuck Broadway, ClermontPD, third vice president; and Chief Melanie Bevan, Bradenton PD, as secretary-treasurer.

FPCA agave special recognition to DeSantis, Moody, and Patronis for their consistent actions in support of law enforcement.

Whether working to protect officers against those who would disrupt the rule of law, honoring the heroism and nobility of the law enforcement profession, or helping first responders meet the challenges of post-traumatic stress disorder, their actions have helped protect and save lives, and the FPCA appreciates each of them coming and sharing their commitment to public safety in Florida, Dembinsky said.

The FPCA also named Legislators of the Year: Senate President Wilton Simpson and House Speaker Chris Sprowls, Sen. Danny Burgess and Rep. Juan AlphonsoFernandez-Barquin for sponsoring HB 1; Rep. Cord Byrd for HB 7051 and as chair of the House Criminal Justice & Public Safety Subcommittee; Sen. Jim Boyd and Rep. Chuck Brannan for sponsoring HB 371.

Every year, the Florida Police Chiefs Association honors those legislators who demonstrate leadership and a commitment to the betterment of law enforcement and public safety in Florida, Dembinksy said. FPCAs recipients represent a true cross-section of Florida, from the most rural of jurisdictions to the largest metropolitan areas. We applaud each of these Senators and Representatives.

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Sachs Media announced Friday that experienced marketing professional Lori Modafferi and longtime public affairs manager Sue Mullins are joining its account management team.

Modafferi will join the agency as an Account Manager specifically focusing on health care marketing services for clients, while Mullins will serve as Account Manager for several public relations clients.

They join the already impressive lineup of top communications professionals who offer a full suite of capabilities, including strategy, public relations, public affairs, crisis communications, research, digital and social media, creative, marketing, and video production.

Lori and Sue are exceptionally talented and experienced professionals, and were extremely pleased to add their expertise to our firm, said founder and CEO Ron Sachs. With the addition of Lori and Sue, we believe the best team in the business just got even better, and we look forward to sharing and applying their talents with our growing roster of clients and special projects.

Modafferi previously led the strategic marketing and communication efforts for HCA Healthcares North Florida Division. Before that, she served HCA Healthcare as a Marketing and Public Relations Director, where she directed media relations, branding, advertising, and website development.

She earned a masters degree in business administration from Nova Southeastern University and a bachelors degree in psychology from the University of Central Florida.

Mullins came to Sachs Media from the Florida policy arena, where she has served for years as a registered lobbyist and policy adviser. Working in the nonprofit, corporate, and public sectors, Mullins has crafted major legislative initiatives, including the successful Florida Forever land conservation program.

Her work has taken her from The Nature Conservancy and the Florida Senate to Ramba Law Group and Duke Energy. For her work on the Sarasota County land preservation referendum, Mullins won a POLLIE award, the most sought-after prize awarded by the American Association of Political Consultants.

She earned her masters degree in anthropology from Florida State University and her bachelors degree in sociology from Saint Leo College.

Were delighted to have Lori and Sue as part of the Sachs Media family, where I know they will embrace our commitment to achieving breakthrough successes for our clients, said Sachs Media President and Partner Michelle Ubben. Their skills and expertise will add to our already strong capabilities, which we devote to every client to help them achieve success.

SITUATIONAL AWARENESS

@POTUS: We will never forget those who gave the last full measure of devotion for our country in Afghanistan nor those whose lives have been immeasurably altered by wounds sustained in service. We are ending Americas longest war, but we will always honor those who served in it.

@atrupar: President [Joe] Biden: I will not send another generation of Americans to war in Afghanistan with no reasonable expectation to achieve a different outcome. The United States cannot afford to remain tethered to policies created in response to a world as it was 20 years ago.

@laraseligman: [Jen] Psaki stresses that we are not going to have a mission accomplished moment on Afghanistan. Its a 20-year war that has not been won militarily. Adds that the Biden admin is proud and grateful of the service members who fought.

Tweet, tweet:

@MitchPerry18: Hours after its revealed that @marcorubio has raised $4 million over past 3 months in his bid for reelection for U.S. Senate, Dem. opponent @RepValDemings announces shes raised $4.6 million since announcing her candidacy less than a month ago.

@TroyKinsey: Members of the @FLSenateDems today are writing @GovRonDeSantis to express concern about the #DeltaVariant & vaccine hesitancy among Rs: Join with your fellow Republican Governors who are tapping the power of their office to strongly urge reluctant residents to get vaccinated.

@DeFede: In an interview w/@CBSMiami, Haitis U.S. Ambassador, Bocchit Edmond, rejected calls by some in Congress to delay elections in Haiti, saying: I believe the United States Congress supported elections in Iraq and Afghanistan, where the security situation is even worse than Haiti.

@FoxReports: Speakers office refers to Donald Trump as twice-impeached Florida retiree

@ryanstruyk: The United States is now averaging 15,068 new coronavirus cases per day, according to data from @CNN and Johns Hopkins University, up nearly 50% from Walenskys estimate of 10,350 just over two weeks ago.

@cwarzel: what living in this moment does for me, as a journalist, is make me feel constantly caught between the worry that Im being overly alarmist and the fear that I am stating the obvious. Its very disorienting.

Tweet, tweet:

@AngieNixon: Make no mistake about it. There are certain groups of folks wools that dont want working-class families educated because its more profitable to make money off people if theyre in prison. Limit their access to resources and opportunities and lead them on a path to jail.

@ChrisLatvala: Can we get @TomBrady to toss the Stanley Cup from a boat? Without him getting hurt, of course.

DAYS UNTIL

MLB All-Star Game 4;Jeff Bezostravels into space on Blue Origins first passenger flight 11; new start date for 2021 Olympics 14; second season of Ted Lasso premieres on Apple+ 14; the NBA Draft 19; Jungle Cruise premieres 21; The Suicide Squad premieres 28; Marvels What If ? premieres on Disney+ 33; Florida Behavioral Health Associations Annual Conference (BHCon) begins 40; St. Petersburg Primary Election 46; Disneys Shang Chi and The Legend of The Ten Rings premieres 56; NFL regular season begins 62; Broadways full-capacity reopening 67; 2022 Legislative Session interim committee meetings begin 73; The Many Saints of Newark premieres (rescheduled) 77; Dune premieres 84; Walt Disney Worlds 50th anniversary party starts 84; MLB regular season ends 86; No Time to Die premieres (rescheduled) 91; World Series Game 1 110; Florida TaxWatchs Annual Meeting begins 110; St. Petersburg Municipal Elections 116; Floridas 20th Congressional District primary 116; Disneys Eternals premieres 120; Top Gun: Maverick rescheduled premiere 133; San Diego Comic-Con begins 140;Steven Spielbergs West Side Story premieres 154; Spider-Man Far From Home sequel premieres 161; NFL season ends 184; 2022 Legislative Session starts 186; Floridas 20th Congressional District election 186; NFL playoffs begin 190; Super Bowl LVI 219; Doctor Strange in the Multiverse of Madness premieres 259; Thor: Love and Thunder premieres 301; Platinum Jubilee forQueen Elizabeth II 328; Black Panther 2 premieres 364; Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse sequel premieres 455; Captain Marvel 2 premieres 490.

LATEST ON SURFSIDE

Tears, prayer mark end to search for Surfside condo survivors via The Associated Press A somber moment of silence marked the end of the two-week search for survivors of a Florida condominium collapse, as rescue workers stood at solemn attention and clergy members hugged a line of local officials while many of them sobbed. The painstaking search for survivors shifted to a recovery effort at midnight Wednesday after authorities said they had come to the agonizing conclusion that there was no chance of life in the rubble of the Champlain Towers South condo building in Surfside. We have all asked God for a miracle, so the decision to transition from rescue to recovery is an extremely difficult one, Miami-Dade Mayor Daniella Levine Cava said. The death toll stood at 54 late Wednesday. Officials said 86 people were unaccounted for.

Im still in search mode. Families, friends of Surfside victims react to news of recovery via Marie-Rose Sheinerman, Martin Vassolo and Bianca Padr Ocasio of the Miami Herald On the first official day of search and recovery at the site of the partial collapse of the Champlain Towers South, family and friends of missing persons reacted with a mix of resignation and stubborn hope for the lives of their loved ones. Miami-Dade Mayor Levine Cava assured families during a press briefing on Thursday morning that first responders would not stop searching for residents in the rubble until every person was found. As of Thursday morning, 60 people had been found dead and 80 others were still missing. On Wednesday night, rescuers held a vigil to honor the lives lost during the tragedy before they continued the painstaking search for bodies.

Pastor reflects on funeral for Guara family, parents and 2 kids, who died in condo collapse via Mark Woods of the Palm Beach Post Father Juan Sosa, pastor of St. Joseph Catholic Church, located just two blocks inland from the condo collapse, performed two funeral services Tuesday. On Wednesday, he reflected on the service and the tragedy that has claimed 60 lives with many more still missing. Tuesdays service was for Marcus Guara, Anaely Rodriguez and their daughters at St. Joseph. Lucia, 10, and Emma, 4, shared a small white casket with two ribbons, one pink and one purple the girls favorite colors. The bodies of the Guara family were among the earliest recovered from the Champlain Towers South rubble and identified.

3 generations of Cattarossi family die in condo collapse via Cassidy Alexander of the Palm Beach Post Four family members spanning three generations are among the victims identified in the Surfside condo collapse. Graciela Maria Cattarossi, 48, and her 7-year-old daughter Stella were identified last week. Gracielas parents, Graciela and Gino Cattarossi, 86 and 89 years old, respectively, were identified Thursday. The family lived in Apartment 501 at Champlain Towers South. Betty Matz Gelsky knew Graciela Maria Cattarossi for close to 18 years. She knew her as someone who would do anything for her daughter, be it making sure she got into a good private school or buying all organic food. She wants the best for her daughter, even if maybe she couldnt afford it, she said.

For Dr. Gary Cohen, it was all about his patients via Michael Braun of the Palm Beach Post Dr. Cohen wasnt a doctor who looked at his profession as just a job, those who knew him say. He truly cared about people. Cohen and his orthopedic surgeon brother, Brad, were among those who lost their lives June 24 in the collapse of the Champlain Towers South in Surfside, Florida. Gary Cohen was a physiatrist, practicing at the Tuscaloosa Veterans Administration Medical Center as well as other medical venues in Birmingham, Alabama, and living in nearby Mountain Brook, Alabama. Missing since the collapse of the towers, his body was found on Wednesday.

I want to truly say thank you: Surfside community reflects as rescue mission ends via Martin Vassolo and Samantha J. Gross of the Miami Herald The mood in Surfside was somber Wednesday night, shortly after officials broke the news to family members and loved ones that the 14-day rescue mission to find living victims of the Champlain Towers South collapse would transition into a recovery effort, with no expectation of finding survivors. Rescuers, standing before a mountain of rubble from the controlled demolition of the upright portion of the 12-story building, said prayers as a ceremonial melody played softly behind them. A few steps away, at the memorial set up to honor the victims of the collapse, Miami-Dade firefighters set up a banner that read Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Mourns With You.

Gov. Ron DeSantis promises property tax aid after collapse via Jim Turner of News Service of Florida With rescue efforts for survivors ending at the site of the former 12-story building, DeSantis didnt elaborate on his plan for tax assistance but said he would provide as much relief to the families from the state perspective as we can. Ive ordered all our folks to suspend any type of property-tax enforcement, DeSantis said at a news conference in Surfside. My goal is to suspend, waive any law I can under the state of emergency to forestall that. And then we probably will just ask the Legislature to remit any of the property tax liability from Champlain Towers South. The Governors office didnt immediately reply to requests for clarification of DeSantis tax proposal.

Video shows cracks, puddles in condo garage a year before it collapsed but no red flag via Sarah Blaskey and Ben Conarck of The Bradenton Herald On July 17 last year, Fiorella Terenzi, an astrophysicist who has a condo in Champlain Towers East, went to the sister building Champlain Towers South to check out an apartment on the sixth floor, with an eye toward buying the unit. She had wanted to live in the South building and waited eagerly for a unit to come available. Then she saw the parking garage. There in the garage, Terenzi noticed corrosion and paint peeling on the ceiling, along with several puddles of standing water. Reviewing the video, there are very obvious signs of above-average deterioration of the structure, said Greg Batista, a South Florida engineer who works on old buildings.

Boca Raton rethinking building inspection requirements via Victoria Villanueva-Martinez of the Palm Beach Post The tragic collapse of the Champlain Towers South condo complex in Surfside has pushed Boca Raton to weigh whether its older condo complexes should be inspected in fewer than 40 years. Broward and Miami-Dade counties both have 40-year recertification requirements, but there is no such requirement in Palm Beach County. As the first in the county to move in that direction, Boca Raton will depart somewhat from the norm and contemplate a shorter recertification timeline. We saw that it wasnt exactly the best timeline in the case of Surfside, Councilman Andy Thomson said.

Florida condo laws under scrutiny by Florida Bar task force after Surfside collapse via Ana Ceballos of the Miami Herald The Florida Bar has assembled a collection of experts to conduct a thorough review of the states condominium laws and make policy recommendations to state lawmakers and Gov. DeSantis that could prevent future tragedies like the collapse of the Champlain Towers South building in Surfside. The task force, which is scheduled to meet for the first time Friday, will be reviewing state laws and regulations that govern, among many things, how condominium boards operate and manage reserves for maintenance and repair costs, as well as how often condominium buildings need to undergo inspections.

Florida engineers form group for safety ideas after Surfside via Lawrence Mower of The Tampa Bay Times Members of four major engineering associations in Florida have convened to come up with potential post-Surfside recommendations for the Legislature, including whether the state should require mandatory reinspections of tall buildings. Engineers are also considering who would be allowed to carry out those reinspections, and how they could be done without being prohibitively expensive for condominium associations.

Undermining Floridas condo laws: Politics, turf wars and human nature via Kim Bellware of The Washington Post Floridas condominium laws will undergo a top-to-bottom review by a task force established by the Florida Bar Association after the deadly collapse of the Champlain Towers South condo building in Surfside. Members of the task force who confirmed its existence said their goal is to review state laws and regulations that govern condo developments, board operations and maintenance rules, and recommend potential changes to the Governor and the state legislature. Condo regulations in Florida have come under scrutiny since the tragedy in Surfside on June 24, with at least 46 people confirmed dead and 94 still unaccounted for as of midday Wednesday.

No Florida agency for condo residents to file their complaints via Jeffrey Schweers of the Tallahassee Democrat DBPRs Division of Condominiums, Timeshares and Mobile Homes only oversight now is over election and recall disputes and ensuring owners have access to the associations financial records. The agency used to have more oversight authority than that, but the Legislature stripped the DBPR of its fiduciary and maintenance oversight of condo boards and mobile homeowners associations in 2008. That leaves residents with little option but to hire a lawyer and file their complaints in court, as several residents of Champlain Towers South have done following that buildings lethal collapse. During the 2019-20 fiscal year, the DBPR collected $13.7 million in fees from condos, timeshares and mobile homes, division budget records show. About $6.7 million was collected from condo owners.

Dwyane Wade visits Surfside, meets with search team via David Selig of WPLG Wade is the latest Miami sports star to pay a visit to the site of the tragic Surfside condo collapse. The Heat legend spent time at the memorial fence Thursday morning across from the Champlain Towers South site. He also thanked first responders and addressed a team from the South Florida Urban Search and Rescue before they began their shift. Wade did not speak to reporters during his visit. He wrote on his Instagram page: Today was about Uplifting, Praising and Showing up! Our first responders are the real MVPs. Current Heat star Bam Adebayo made an emotional visit to the memorial on Friday afternoon.

2022

Theres going to be a blowup: Donald Trump and DeSantis are on a collision course via Gabriel Sherman of Vanity Fair

Ashley Moody in crosshairs of watchdog ad campaign via Jason Delgado of Florida Politics Moody ranks among the top targets of a digital campaign launched Tuesday by a government watchdog group. The campaign, Enemies of Progress, will highlight the transgressions of more than a dozen top law enforcement officials working to obstruct Bidens administration and prevent progress on issues impacting Americans. The group, Accountable.US, is a self-described nonpartisan watchdog group. Instead of fighting for their best interests, Attorney General Moody is spending Floridians taxpayer dollars on frivolous lawsuits against the Biden administration on behalf of (her) special interest donors, said Kyle Herrig, president of Accountable.US.

Val Demings raises $4.6 million for first fundraising report via Scott Powers of Florida Politics Demings raised $4.6 million in her first quarter of fundraising for a U.S. Senate bid, her campaign announced. That comes on the heels of reports that her likely 2022 General Election opponent, Rubio, raised about $4 million during the same three-month period of April, May, and June. Demings, the Orlando-based Democratic representative for Floridas 10th Congressional District, did not formally enter the race until June 9. However, she had been signaling her intention to run for months, while officially fundraising for reelection to her House seat, until June. Demings campaign committee reported $1 million raised on the first day of her Senate campaign. The campaign raised more than $2.9 million in the 21 days of her Senate campaign, from more than 113,000 individual donors.

Ben Diamond raises $380K in first 8 weeks of CD 13 campaign via Kelly Hayes of Florida Politics Diamond has raised over $380,000 in the eight weeks since launching his run for Floridas 13th Congressional District in hopes of succeeding U.S. Rep. Charlie Crist. His second-quarter haul is slightly higher than that of primary opponent Eric Lynn, who reported raising more than $368,000 for the same period. However, Lynn holds north of $500,000 cash-on-hand from earlier fundraising. The St. Petersburg Democrat reports that most donors this period came from grassroots contributors, individuals who donated $100 or less. Diamonds campaign provided the latest finance update. More information on expenditures and donors will be available when he releases his required campaign finance disclosure to the Federal Elections Commission.

Martin Hyde loans campaign $30K as Vern Buchanan raises $600K via Jacob Ogles of Florida Politics Sarasota activistHydelent $30,000 to his own campaign for Congress, according to his first federal finance reports. But fresh off the news incumbent Rep.Buchananraised nearly $600,000in the second quarter of 2021, its clear who holds the financial edge in this GOP race. Thats no surprise to Hyde, he says. This is not a shock, Hyde said. Especially knowing Minority LeaderKevin McCarthyheadlined afundraiserat Buchanans home, a successful quarter for the incumbent was a given. It would almost be weird if someone gave me that much money, Hyde said. That has Buchanan-world dismissing Hyde as hype.

Robert Blackmon launches his first TV ad for St. Pete Mayors race via Janelle Irwin Taylor of Florida Politics Blackmon is launching his first television ad promoting his bid for Mayor. The ad, entitled Fighting for You, focuses on Blackmons work rehabilitating homes for affordable housing as a small-business owner, his efforts on City Council and touts the candidate as an outside option. Im not a career politician looking for a job. Im an outsider with fresh ideas, ideas that come from you, the people, Blackmon opens in the ad, which he narrates. The ad then pivots to footage of a City Council meeting in which he promises that he will never apologize for fighting for the people of this city and whats right. Blackmon was first elected to the Council in 2019.

To watch the ad, click on the image below:

Penny Taylor announces reelection campaign for Collier County Commission in 2022 via Jake Allen of the Naples Daily News Collier County Commissioner Taylor announced she is running for reelection for the District 4 seat. I have a track record that shows I care about this community, Taylor said. I have leadership that shows Im not afraid to stand alone on my beliefs and the importance of caring for this community. I promise to work and continue to work for this community. The district encompasses the area west of Interstate 75 from Pine Ridge Road to south of the city of Naples. Taylor, the current chairwoman of the board and a Republican, will face at least two other candidates in the Primary Election in August of next year. The General Election will be held in Nov. 2022.

DATELINE TALLY

Civics literacy bill sponsors still questioning DeSantis veto of their legislation via Mitch Perry of Bay News 9 Two St. Petersburg based state lawmakers from both sides of the political aisle are still unhappy and confused that DeSantis vetoed a bill last week that called for a civic literacy program that would be included in high school government classes. Every member of the Legislature voted for this, noted Diamond, the Pinellas County-based state Representative who sponsored the bill in the Florida House. But social conservatives called on DeSantis to veto the legislation, none more prominently than National Review columnist Stanley Kurtz. In his letter announcing his veto of SB 146, DeSantis wrote that the bill seeks to further so-called action civics but does so in a way that risks promoting the preferred orthodoxy of two particular institutions.

State withholds spending records of Matt Gaetz associate Halsey Beshears via Mike DeForest of Click Orlando Floridas business licensing agency has failed to produce financial documents related to its former secretary, Beshears, following a public records request submitted by News 6 nearly three months ago. Floridas Department of Business and Professional Regulation, or DBPR, has not explained why spending records have not yet been released. The agency previously indicated the request was undergoing a legal review, but it is unclear why it is necessary and whether it is complete. DeSantis appointed Beshears as DBPR secretary in January 2019, calling him a champion for deregulation. Beshears unexpectedly resigned from his position in January 2021, citing health issues.

Why is FL DOE behind on getting billions of federal dollars to schools recovering from COVID-19 pandemic? via Danielle J. Brown of Florida Phoenix Florida education officials are at least a month behind in getting a state plan, worth billions, to the U.S. Department of Education to help Florida schools recover from the COVID-19 pandemic. Already, 40 states have submitted their plans, and Florida is still not one of them. And more federal funding for Florida is now on hold because the state has not yet sent in the state plan for approval. The plans were intended to show how states would use billions of dollars offered by the American Rescue Plan to help schools recover from COVID-19. They were due by June 7, according to the U.S. Department of Education. The ARP funds allocated for K-12 recovery are called the Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief funds.

Duke gets OK to recoup storm costs via News Service of Florida The Public Service Commission on Thursday approved Duke Energy Floridas request to recoup $16.7 million from customers stemming from the utilitys costs in responding to two tropical storms last year. Duke residential customers who use 1,000-kilowatt-hours of electricity a month will pay an additional 55 cents a month starting in August. The charge will remain in place for a year. Duke filed the request in May because of costs related to Tropical Storm Eta in November and Tropical Storm Isaias in late July. Duke, in its filings, noted that the costs to the utility reached $20.1 million, but the total was reduced by $3.4 million to offset over-recovery of costs from 2019s Hurricane Dorian and Tropical Storm Nestor.

STATEWIDE

Florida, Moody sue Google over antitrust laws again via Renzo Downey of Florida Politics For the third time in less than a year, Moody is suing Google over antitrust laws, joining 36 other attorneys general in the suit. Filed Wednesday in a federal court based in San Francisco, the complaint accuses Google Play of being a monopoly as Android phones only app store. That manipulates the prices of apps, they argue, including through a 30% commission charge on in-app payments. Moody, a Republican, joins a bipartisan coalition led by Utahs Attorney Generals Office. Other attorneys general in the lawsuit include the states of New York, Tennessee, California and the District of Columbia.

Two South Florida men were involved in President Jovenel Moses assassination, investigators say via Jacqueline Charles and Michael Wilner of the Miami Herald Two South Florida men have been arrested in connection with the assassination of Haiti President Mose, the Miami Herald has learned. James Solages, of Fort Lauderdale, was identified as one of the assailants by Mathias Pierre, a minister in charge of Haitian elections. Pierre did not say if Solages is a U.S. citizen or a permanent U.S. resident. In an undated video interview in Creole, Solages, who lived in Fort Lauderdale and is from Jacmel in southeast Haiti, called himself a philanthropist and child advocate who was involved in helping school children from the area where he grew up. A second man arrested in the assassination has been identified as Joseph Vincent, from the Miami area.

Feds go after We Build the Wall founder again with tax charge via Scott Powers of Florida Politics A federal grand jury has indicted Steve Bannons west Florida partner Brian Kolfage on a new charge involving federal taxes related to the We Build the Wall organization that got them both charged with fraud last year. Bannon, a former campaign and White House adviser to Trump, was pardoned by Trump just before the 45th President left office in January. Kolfage, of Miramar Beach, was not pardoned. Now, Kolfage has a new charge involving his activities since the first indictments were revealed, the office of Acting U.S. Attorney Jason Coody of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Florida announced Thursday. The latest indictment, involving taxes, supersedes a previous tax law indictment brought against Kolfage in May.

Death sentence upheld in Clay County murder via News Service of Florida The Florida Supreme Court unanimously upheld the murder conviction and death sentence of a man who killed a Clay County woman in 2014 and sexually abused her 10-year-old daughter. Justices rejected arguments raised by attorneys for Donald Davidson Jr., who was convicted in the murder of Roseann Welsh, a friend who had invited Davidson into her home. Davidsons attorneys raised a series of issues in the appeal, including that a circuit judge had not properly considered what is known as mitigating circumstances, including circumstances involving Davidsons childhood, before imposing the death sentence. But the Supreme Court rejected the arguments.

Naval Air Station Jacksonville sailor dies when tree falls on car during Tropical Storm Elsa via Kailey Tracy of First Coast News A spokesperson for the Naval Air Force Atlantic Office confirmed Thursday a Navy sailor died after a tree fell on his car in Jacksonville Wednesday during Tropical Storm Elsa. According to a Naval Air Station Jacksonville spokesperson, the man was an airman who was stationed at NAS Jax. The Naval Air Force Atlantic Office said it couldnt yet provide the airmans name. The service member was assigned to the War Eagles of VP-16 at NAS Jacksonville. VP-16 flies and maintains the P-8A Poseidon aircraft, and its mission is to provide maritime patrol services to the fleet in support of national interests, according to the commander.

Tornado spawned from Tropical Storm Elsa rips through Jacksonville, toppling trees and ripping off roofs via Dan Scanlan of The Florida Times-Union Trees were toppled across a block-long stretch of Powers as the tornado passed over and buckled light poles and damaged dugouts and a batting cage at Baker Skinner Park. The storm went across part of Philips Highway near Bowdendale Avenue southeast of University Boulevard, downing trees, and power lines as it ripped roofs off businesses, depositing debris on the road before moving northward into Georgia. Meeting with reporters near that debris field on Philips, Mayor Lenny Curry said city leaders had planned for possible tornadoes in the wake of Elsa. Curry said now is the time to remember that weather is unpredictable. It looked calm this morning. It looked calm this afternoon, Curry said.

Move over, Florida panthers! Refuge wants to let in more people via Craig Pittman of Florida Phoenix Sometimes, I think Florida should hold a regular competition for The Most Laughably Bad Idea of the Year. This year, so far, I think the leading entry comes from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, which is pushing a new Visitor Use Plan for the 26,000-acre Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge, which lies about 20 miles east of Naples. Its not as bad as building golf courses in state parks, but its close. Panthers, our official state animal, are notoriously shy. Wherever people are, thats where panthers do not want to be. The federal wildlife agency has come up with a plan to open the refuge to allow off-road vehicles, mountain bikes, camping, fishing, and, for three weekends a year, turkey hunting.

CORONA FLORIDA

As delta variant spreads, Florida Democrats urge DeSantis to promote vaccines via Jesse Scheckner of Florida Politics As the highly transmissible delta variant spreads across the United States, now accounting for more than half of new domestic COVID-19 cases, Democratic Senators in Florida are calling on DeSantis to urge reluctant state residents to get vaccinated. In a joint letter today, 14 Democrats from the Florida Senate exhorted DeSantis to put aside rhetoric that since March 2020 has turned a health issue into a political one and join his fellow Republican Governors who are tapping the power of their office to revitalize vaccination efforts. The delta variant of COVID-19 spreads roughly 225% faster than the original version of the virus, and as of this week, it comprised nearly 52% of new U.S. cases.

CDC asks appeals court to put cruise ruling on hold via Jim Saunders of The News Service of Florida In a flurry of legal activity, attorneys for the CDC have asked a federal appeals court to put on hold a U.S. district judges ruling that backed Florida in a fight about the cruise-ship industry. The request Wednesday for the 11th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals to issue a stay came after U.S. District Judge Steven Merryday refused to hold his June 18 ruling that the CDC had overstepped its legal authority in placing restrictions on the cruise industry during the COVID-19 pandemic. Federal-government attorneys on Tuesday appealed Merrydays June 18 ruling to the Atlanta-based appeals court.

As COVID-19 raged last year, crimes dropped in Bay County. Now, theyre rising again via Tony Mixon of the Panama City News Herald Even Bay County criminals were apparently no match for the COVID-19 pandemic last year. According to the latest statistics, Bay County had a total 19.8% drop in crime. Some agencies saw the crime rate drop as much as 44% last year, but all agencies saw double-digit percentage drops in their crime rates. Law enforcement agencies noted that crimes like robbery, burglary, larceny and motor vehicle theft all dropped last year compared to 2019. There wasnt a definitive reason why such violent crimes as murder and aggravated assault were up last year compared to 2019.

Lakeland GOPs James Ring contracts COVID-19, encourages people to wear a mask and get vaccinated via Kimberly C. Moore of The Lakeland Ledger Ring, president of the Republican Party of Lakeland, says he is blessed to be alive after being certain I was dying of COVID-19, saying he contracted it at a national volleyball tournament in which his twin daughters played nearly three weeks ago in Orlando. Ring is a former Lakeland Police sergeant and a U.S. Army Reserves Chief Warrant Officer who has guarded senior military officials during tours in Washington, D.C., and trips to Iraq and Afghanistan. He is known locally for his leadership skills, thoughtfulness, kind demeanor, and ability to bring people together.

Gulf gets approval on COVID-19 costs via News Service of Florida The Public Service Commission approved a settlement Thursday that will allow Gulf Power to recoup up to $13.2 million in costs tied to the coronavirus pandemic. The settlement covers safety-related measures undertaken through last month and bad debt expenses incurred between March 17, 2020, and mid-November, when the company did not disconnect customers who could not pay bills. Among the terms of the settlement, Gulf will be allowed to spread the recovery costs over three years, starting with Jan. 1, 2022, as part of its fuel costs set for the 2022 calendar year. Gulf initially sought more than $20 million, but the Office of Public Counsel, representing consumers, protested.

CORONA NATION

Delta variant said to be far more widespread than federal estimates via Erin Bianco, Dan Goldberg, and David Lim of POLITICO The more-transmissible Delta coronavirus variant is believed to be significantly more widespread than the current federal projections, according to two senior Biden administration health officials with knowledge of the situation. CDC data released late Tuesday shows the Delta strain accounted for more than 51% of new COVID-19 cases from June 20 to July 3. But the reality on the ground is likely much higher because states and private labs are taking weeks to report testing results to the CDC, the officials said. It is everywhere now, one of the officials said, adding that recent data shows the Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine works well against the Delta variant. COVID-19 hospitalizations are up more than 40% over the last two weeks in Arkansas, Iowa and Nevada.

Yes, the delta variant is taking over. But the vaccines still work. via Monica Gandhi of The Washington Post As something resembling normal life resumes in the United States, many Americans are wondering how concerned they should be about the delta variant of the coronavirus. The reason it has so quickly dominated is that it is more fit than other variants outcompeting them when it comes to reaching and infecting unvaccinated people. Although delta is more easily transmitted than the other variants, there is no evidence that it causes more severe illness. How do we know that delta is not vaccine-resistant? All three vaccines authorized in the United States have been shown in clinical studies to produce strong neutralizing antibody responses against the variants.

Pfizer plans to request FDA nod for COVID-19 booster in August via Robert Langreth of Bloomberg Pfizer plans to request U.S. emergency authorization in August for a third booster dose of its COVID-19 vaccine, based on early data showing that it can sharply increase immune protection against the coronavirus. The company has received initial data from an early human study showing that a third dose of its existing coronavirus vaccine is safe and can raise neutralizing antibody levels by 5 to 10 fold compared with the original vaccine, Pfizer research head Mikael Dolsten said in an interview. Once more data is in hand, Pfizer plans to ask the FDA to authorize a booster shot that could be given six to eight months after the original two doses, Dolsten said.

Whether Republicans get vaccinated has a lot to do with if they watch Fox News or OANN via Natalie Jackson of FiveThirtyEight Its no secret that Republicans really distrust the media. In fact, that distrust is increasingly an important part of their political identity. For a long time, understanding where Republicans primarily got their news was pretty straightforward, too. Unlike Democrats, Republicans, by and large, turn to just one source for all their news: Fox News. But with the advent of news networks even further to the right than Fox News, One America News Network and Newsmax, thats changing. Republicans who got their news from OANN or Newsmax were generally more extreme in their beliefs around QAnon and their refusal to get vaccinated than those who got their news from Fox News.

Free samples are back, but with safety in mind via Anne DInnocenzio of The Associated Press When the pandemic was declared in March 2020, retailers worried about the potential spread of the coronavirus so they cut off free sampling of everything from food to makeup to toys. But now, with vaccinations rolling out and the threat of COVID-19 easing in the U.S., stores like Costco are feeling confident enough to revive the long-standing tradition. But while sampling is back, its not clear if everyone is ready to bite. With that in mind, some retailers are putting various safety protocols to ease any safety concerns. At Costco, masked workers prepare the hot and cold samples behind plexiglass counters and distribute them to its members one at a time. Stew Leonards also brought back hot samples with similar safety measures.

CORONA ECONOMICS

U.S. jobless claims tick up to 373,000 from a pandemic low via The Associated Press The number of Americans filing for unemployment benefits rose slightly last week even while the economy and the job market appear to be rebounding from the coronavirus recession with sustained energy. Thursdays report from the Labor Department showed that jobless claims increased by 2,000 from the previous week to 373,000. Weekly applications, which generally track the pace of layoffs, have fallen steadily this year from more than 900,000 at the start of the year. The four-week average of applications, which smooths out week-to-week volatility, is 394,500, the lowest such level since the pandemic erupted in March of last year.

Unemployment claims continue to drop via The News Service of Florida Newly filed unemployment claims continue to slow in Florida, with the state recording its lowest weekly total since the COVID-19 pandemic crashed into the economy in March 2020. The U.S. Department of Labor on Thursday estimated 5,946 new claims were filed in Florida during the week that ended July 3, down from a revised count of 6,917 during the week that ended June 26. The department last week said the national unemployment rate in June was 5.9%, up from 5.8% in May. The states unemployment rate stood at 4.9% in May, reflecting 503,000 people qualifying as out of work from a workforce of 10.24 million. A June unemployment report will be issued on July 16.

The bond market is telling us to worry about growth, not inflation via Neil Irwin of The New York Times For months, the United States has been experiencing the growing pains of an economy rebooting itself surging economic activity, yes, but also shortages, gummed-up supply networks and higher prices. Now, shifts in financial markets point to a reversal of that economic narrative. Specifically, the bond market has swung in ways that suggest that a period of slower growth and more subdued inflation could lie ahead. They are not the kind of jaw-dropping swings that markets show in moments of extreme turbulence. But the price swings show an economy in flux, and they undermine arguments that the United States is settling into a new, high-inflation reality for the indefinite future.

At many companies, changes from COVID-19 are now permanent via Joyce M. Rosenberg of The Associated Press Many business owners have made individual adaptations that not only make sense but may have permanently altered the way they do business and make money. Some owners who have made dramatic changes find theyre much happier running their companies now. Before COVID-19, psychotherapist and business coach Jonathan Alpert did almost all his work in his Manhattan office. The pandemic restricted him to the phone and video. But despite the fact therapy has traditionally been done in person, many clients arent interested in returning to his office for in-person sessions. What started out as a real necessity is now a highly desirable option for people, Alpert says. Its convenient; they dont have to commute 10, 20, 30 minutes each way.

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Sunburn The morning read of what's hot in Florida politics 7.9.21 - Florida Politics

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Deeds – The Clanton Advertiser – Clanton Advertiser

Posted: at 3:35 am

The following deeds were transferred in Chilton County from June 24-30:

June 24

Joe Lowery to Hassel Kromer for $80,000 Section 34, Township 23, Range 12

Javier Flores to Ezequiel Flores Quiroz for $65,000 Section 4, Township 23 North, Range 13 East

Sheri Wright for Estate of Essie Mae Downing, deceased, to Charles A. Traywick for $22,000 Lot No. 7 of Alred-Collier subdivision

Patrick Chase Guthas and Lindsey Beth Guthas to Daniel Lewis Nichols for $172,500 Section 33, Township 23 North, Range 14 East

Morgan Eason, Hunter Eason and Lynsie Glasscock to Kirby Farris for $79,500 Section 18, Township 21 North, Range 16 East

Christopher G. Baker and Lisa Baker to Allison Brand for $109,900 Section 18, Township 21 North, Range 15 East

Prominence Homes & Communities LLC to Zaira Gomez for $230,000 Lot 13 of Ballington

June 25

Robert Darbyshire, Shirley Darbyshire, Durham Cornett and Cheryl Cornett to Kacy Mims and Martie Mims for $100 Lot 306 of Alaga Landing Sector 3

S&S Renovations LLC to Anna May and Aron Dane May for $276,000 Lot 3, Block B and part of Lot 4 of D.E. Plier Addition No. 2 in Jemison

Tyler Cage Abbott to Dallas Dodson for $140,000 Lot 4 of Overlook subdivision in Jemison

June 28

James M. Ray and Christina M. Hall to James M. Ray and Christina M. Hall for $500 Section 21, Township 22, Range 15

Sandy Taylor to Melissa Bazzano for $90,000 Section 6, Township 23 North, Range 14 East

Thomas W. Johnson and Michael S. Johnson, heirs and next of kin of Suzette Marie Fiscus, to Thomas W. Johnson and Michael S. Johnson for $1 Section 22, Township 23 North, Range 14 East

Bobby Eugene Sherrer Jr. to Robbe L. Armistead for $165,000 Section 16, Township 24 North, Range 12 East

Peggy H. Green to Harold K. Ellison and Judith Mims Ellison for $70,825 Section 24, Township 21 North, Range 13 East

Melissa Jones to Brett Leftew for $45,000 Section 12, Township 23, Range 15

Lloyd Anthony Reynolds, Douglas Craig Austin, William David Jones and Warren Pratt Williams to Wayne Horton for $57,200 Section 12, Township 23 North, Range 15 East

Lloyd Anthony Reynolds, Douglas Craig Austin, William David Jones and Warren Pratt Williams to Jordan Ross and Kacie Ross for $16,500 Section 12, Township 23 North, Range 15 East

Central Alabama Home Builders & Construction LLC to Billy Lee Hunt and Ashley Michelle Hunt for $264,000 Section 22, Township 22 North, Range 14 East

Leiah Davison, sole heir of law and next of kin of Mary Sue Davison and Terry Lee Davison, deceased, to Leiah Davison for $10 Section 22, Township 23 North, Range 13 East

Jimmie Hardee Jr. and Tammy Hardee, aka Tammy M. Hardee, to Jimmie Hardee Jr. and Tammy Hardee, aka Tammy M. Hardee, for $15,000 Section 1, Township 20 North, Range 14 East

Brooklin Partridge and River Partridge to Jessica Rancont for $150,000 Lot No. 2 of Park Place subdivision

Jarrod K. Jones and Katie W. Jones to Shannon Calfee and Dana Sue Calfee for $400,000 Section 16, Township 21 North, Range 13 East

Lloyd Anthony Reynolds, Douglas Craig Austin, William David Jones and Warren Pratt Williams to Kim Lee Cherry and Barney Ralph Parker for $9,900 Section 12, Township 23 North, Range 12 East

Lloyd Anthony Reynolds, Douglas Craig Austin, William David Jones and Warren Pratt Williams to Erwin P. Horton for $75,000 Sections 12 and 17, Township 23 North, Range 12 East

John Wilson Chance Jr. to Scott Mims and Emily Mims for $400,000 Section 9, Township 21 North, Range 15 East

Rodney W. Hart and Stacy M. Hart to Donovan Builders LLC for $147,500 Lot 9 of Pine Valley Land Company Lake

Misty Lee Dobbs and Reedy Scott Dobbs Jr. to Richard Lee Gentry and Linda Sue Gentry for $1 Section 22, Township 24 North, Range 13 East

June 29

Misti Smith Kelley and William Keith Kelley to Misti Smith Kelley and William Keith Kelley for $1 Section 12, Township 20, Range 13

J & J Caldwell, aka J or J Properties LLC, to Saludie Thompson for $10 Lot 14 of Sunny Meadows, Section 32, Township 24, Range 13

Brigitte Amador Rodriguez and Duran Ramos Jeronimo to Gerardo Diaz and Lidia Garcia Diaz for $25,000 Section 27, Township 23 North, Range 14 East

Carol S. Barfield to Johnny Smith for $55,000 Section 36, Township 22, Range 14

Marl J. Carnahan to Jenna Tristian Lyon and Thomas Kristian Gay for $140,000 Lots 3, 4. 5 and 6 of Block C of W.T. Lessley Addition in the Office of the Judge of Probate of Chilton County

Trammell L. Norris and Donna G. Norris to The Entrust Group Inc. FBO Lionel Hayslip IRA #7230016701 for $236,400 s 34 and 35, Township 22 North, Range 13 East

June 30

Johnny Cagle, Karen Cagle, Carolyn Teel and Sheila Jones to John David Driver for $62,000 Section 24, Township 21 North, Range 15 East

Martin W. Lilland to Zachary T. Dixon and McKenley D. Brantley for $130,000 Lots 36 and 37 of S.C. Cox Addition in Clanton

James Bishop to New Wood Properties LLC for $15,000 Section 34, Township 22, Range 14

Prominence Homes & Communities LLC to Alissa G. Rich and Justin Rich for $224,900 Lot 17 of Ballington

Stefanie Kyla Patterson Patton to Don Patterson for $100 Section 33, Township 21 North, Range 15 East

Claire Friday Ryan Nwransky and Ty Byrd for $25,000 Section 28, Township 23 North, Range 13 East

Stacey Adams to Myckeal Disharoon and Julia Disharoon for $269,000 Lot 5 of Block 1 of Old Acres subdivision

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Deeds - The Clanton Advertiser - Clanton Advertiser

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Local Patriots answered call of freedom – Mount Airy News

Posted: at 3:35 am

February 05, 2021

This Sundays Super Bowl marks the end of another season, and another offseason filled with questions for our in-state team.

The Panthers owner was very clear when he bought the team from Jerry Richardson that he has a must-win approach to running the team, which is how Ron Rivera was shown the door in the middle of the 2019 season, despite previously earning two coach of the year awards. (And now Ron has won the award for the third time, which makes the move look even dumber than it did at the time.)

So, if the Panthers absolutely must win in 2021, what must the front office do to improve the roster?

First off, dont draft a quarterback.

Yes, I know there are some QBs in the draft class this year, and any one of which could make a big difference in the course of the franchise. However, if you are looking to win this year, you dont start a rookie quarterback.

I wasnt sold on Teddy Bridgewater by midseason. He was still getting a lot of praise by announcers and the talking heads in the studios until the end of the year, but I saw plenty of red flags all year.

The worst? In 15 games, Teddy threw 13 TD passes in the first half. Not bad. Seems like he would be halfway to 26 TD passes.

Except, Teddy threw exactly two TD passes in the second half of those same 15 games. Thats right, two. That is basically seven and a half whole games worth of playing with only two scores.

Thats why I call him Teddy Chokewater.

Trade Teddy somewhere else or cut him and sign another. Heck, bench Teddy and give P.J. Walker a whole offseason to get ready. He showed a big arm and athleticism.

You know who would might have been a great choice right now? The guy Carolina basically gave away in Kyle Allen.

Yes, I know Kyle had ups and downs, but he was also just 23 years finishing his first season. Did you see what he did in Washington before he was injured on a dirty leg whip? He was averaging right at a 100 QB rating. Cam Newton never had a 100 rating, even when he won league MVP in 2015. Teddy had a 92.1 rating (artificially inflated by a high completion rate based on check-down throws).

Please, please, please look for Luke Kuechlys replacement in the draft. The worst roster move of 2020 was bringing in Tahir Whitehead to play middle linebacker. Coach Matt Rhule went with one of his former college players, but Tahir just didnt make plays all season and was finally benched by the last couple of games.

Kuechlys name would be said by the announcers 10 times a game, but Tahir could go an entire game without a single mention. The run defense and short pass defense both suffered because of his terrible play.

It seems every year I say the team needs to look at the offensive line, and it is still true but worse this time. Center Matt Paradis is the only regular starter under contract next year.

Im okay with some of that Im looking at you LG Chris Reed and LT Russell Okung but the right side with RT Taylor Moton and RG John Miller seemed to be pretty good.

The sad part is that the team did invest two draft picks on guys who showed good potential, but have been injured a lot of their two years with the team. Greg Little and Dennis Daley split time at left tackle in 2019, often going back and forth because of injuries. They both finished 2020 on injured reserve.

In 2016 the Panthers used three of their top four draft picks on cornerbacks. Only one panned out (James Bradberry), and he left with a big contract a year ago.

The team desperately needs to draft at least one if not two corners.

Donte Jackson is one of the fastest guys in the whole league, but spent the whole season hampered by a toe injury. Tony Pride Jr. was a rookie who got picked on a lot. The other option, who started 11 games was Rasul Douglas, who was good against big, slower possession receivers, but not quick wideouts.

In fact, Douglas is really better suited as a free safety who can also cover receivers and tight ends one on one when needed rather than every down.

Jackson ran a 4.32 time in the 40 at the combine. Douglas ran a 4.59. That is a full quarter of a second slower.

Rasul was in the 32nd percentile for CBs in the 40 time and shuttle run and 26th percentile on vertical jump (yikes!). But he scored high for weight/height, arm length and bench press. In fact, when his measurables were compared to other past participants in the combine, his best matches were not corners at all. His best match was former two-time Pro Bowl safety Michael Lewis.

Juston Burris started 13 games at safety and had 53 tackles. Douglas started just 11 games at CB and had 62 tackles. Imagine if you re-signed Rasul and put him at Justons spot. Oh, and cutting Burris would save the team $3.8 million against the cap.

I have been saying this for two years: sign or draft a guy to do the majority of carries at running back. Let Christian McCaffrey spend more time as a slot receiver.

The team is likely to lose Curtis Samuel, a receiver who can split time in the backfield, because he had such a nice year he will be too expensive to re-sign.

So shift McCaffrey more toward that role. Get McCaffrey 1,000 yards receiving and fewer rushes where he takes such a pounding. I was saying this even before he missed almost all of 2020 with injuries.

One great advantage for the Panthers is that Coach Rhule got the opportunity to coach one of the teams in the Senior Bowl, with some of the best college seniors across the country.

He not only got to see their physical skills up close, he had a chance to see how the players accepted criticism and coaching.

James Hudson is a former defensive lineman who switched to O-line. Some scouts were very impressed with his Senior Bowl practices. What did Rhule think? Quinn Meinerz is a Division III O-line stud in the mold of Tampas Ali Marpet. Did Rhule think him good enough to draft in the second or third round?

Finally, its time for the team to cut former star DT Kawann Short. At one time Short and Star Lotuleilei formed a formidable tandem in the middle. But, Short has played just five of 32 games the past two seasons with only seven solo tackles, zero sacks and only one tackle for a loss.

And this season Short is scheduled to make a whopping $20.84 million. His cap hit is $11.02, so cutting him would save $9.82 million in cap space.

Another possible payroll cut would be DE Stephen Weatherly, who is set to make $7.9 million, but only $2 million would count toward the cap, so cutting would save $5.9 million. He only played in nine games with just 17 tackles and zero sacks.

The team was hoping he would make a big leap after finishing his rookie contract in Minnesota with just six sacks in four seasons.

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Local Patriots answered call of freedom - Mount Airy News

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American Towns Founded Before the American Revolution – 24/7 Wall St.

Posted: at 3:35 am

The United States was founded about 245 years ago, but some American towns have been around for more than three centuries, and some longer still.

24/7 Tempo selected more than 100 towns that were founded before the American Revolution. We chose the towns by reviewing town and state websites, reference sources such as britannica.com, and sources such as thecompletepilgrim.com that provided information about Americas best preserved colonial towns. To be considered, towns needed to have originated in settlements that were founded, chartered, established, or incorporated before 1776. Virtually all of these towns, or the areas where they were established, had been Native American lands before European settlers arrived.

The vast majority of towns that were founded before 1776 are located in a handful of states in the Northeast. Massachusetts and Connecticut have by far the most towns incorporated prior to the Revolutionary War. On our list of 100 towns, 20 are in Massachusetts and 16 in Connecticut. Fewer than 10 towns on our list are in states west of Louisiana. Here is how each state got its name.

Thirty of the 50 states are home to towns that were founded before the Revolutionary War. Some of the oldest towns on the list, such as Kingston, New York, are also among the most common city names in the United States.

Click here to see 102 towns founded before the American RevolutionClick here to read our methodology

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American Towns Founded Before the American Revolution - 24/7 Wall St.

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How much did that house go for? Ocala/Marion County deed transfers from May 3-7 – Ocala

Posted: June 9, 2021 at 2:51 am

Warranty deed transfers in excess of $60,000 as recorded at the Marion County Clerk of the Circuit Courts office from May 3-7:

18th Street Partners Condo. Russell Cole to Elder Planning Income Concepts LLC: $64,338.

18th Street Partners Condo. Elder Planning Income Concepts LLC to Marie Kahuda: $136,350.

Alderbrook. D R Horton Inc. to Jocelynne Monique Acevedo: $300,110.

Local news: Conn's opens Ocala store, Purvis Gray celebrates 75 years and more in Ocala/Marion business

The WEC effect: Marion sets records for tourism tax, jet fuel sales; more hotels needed

Big time: Soaring: Marion County's property value hits a record high of $24.14 billion

Alderbrook. Alvin Irby to Edward Saumier: $322,000.

Belleview Heights. Robert Lucas to Joseph Edwards: $414,000.

Belleview Heights Estates. Page Scott to York Antoniou: $110,000.

Belleview Heights Estates. Cottontail Properties LLC to Bouquet Homes LLC: $133,000.

Belleview Heights Estates. William Peterson to Jahara Judith Matamoros Valladares: $145,000.

Belleview Heights Estates. Adela Garcia to Jack J. Frost Trust: $150,000.

Belleview Pines. Kristina Smith to Italia Meneguzzi: $135,000.

Belleview Ridge Estates. Michael Susterka to Giniva Jimenez: $186,000.

Belleview Ridge Estates. Newco Homes of Ocala Inc. to Peter Wilson: $186,900.

Bethune Village. Mega Rental Property LLC to Berthony Jolis: $118,000.

Blue Cove. Riverflow LLC to Robert Stephenson: $850,000.

Breezewood Estates. Arthur Helber to Richard Schweikart: $60,000.

Brokows Addition to Anthony. London Rentals LLC to Derek Cummings: $144,000.

Caldwells Addition to Ocala. William Hart to Jill Cronkite: $210,000.

Caldwells Addition to Ocala. Raney Properties 1 LLC to Future Estate Investments Corp.: $230,000.

Caldwells Addition to Ocala. Michelle Maher Ford to Brandon Perry: $552,500.

Candler. David Sakuta to Riley Finn: $135,000.

Candler Hills East. Christopher Chavarria to Nathan Snook: $220,000.

Candler Hills East. Ronald Luehrs to Ruth Matthews: $220,000.

Candler Hills West, Kestrel. On Top of the World Communities LLC to George W. Kahl Jr. Trust: $332,045.

Development pressures: Small private school inspires big public outcry from CR 475/CR 312 part of SW Marion

Sellers' market: Sizzling: Average sale price of existing single-family home in Ocala/Marion up 20.2%

Road plan: Where will the next I-75 exit or flyover be in south Marion?

Candler Hills West, Kestrel. On Top of the World Communities LLC to William Silinski: $365,000.

Candler Hills West, Kestrel. On Top of the World Communities LLC to Evelyn Tempalski: $384,580.

Candler Hills West, Kestrel. On Top of the World Communities LLC to Richard Russo: $406,285.

Candler Hills West, Newcastle. On Top of the World Communities LLC to John Joseph Carle III: $492,553.

Candler Hills West, Sanctuary at Stonebridge. Ann Gribbins to Susan Calkins: $410,000.

Caple's Ranchettes. Rosellen Richardson to Margery Longstreet: $221,500.

Carneys Subdivision. John Privett to Parrot Cove Inn LLC: $150,000.

Chazal Dale. William Walker to Orlando Ayala Cruz: $220,000.

Cherrywood Estates. Richard Brien to Rebecca Newman: $168,000.

Cherrywood Estates. Albert Pitts to James Anderson: $187,900.

Circle Square Ranch. Donald Poehler to Judith Walkden: $209,690.

Circle Square Woods. Roland Dorn to Maureen Dunaway: $125,000.

Circle Square Woods. Barbara Christensen to Katherine A. Tilghman Kluge: $128,000.

Circle Square Woods. Corlene Hines to Carolyn Gonano: $150,000.

Circle Square Woods. Carlos Martinez to Kalpana Umarvadia: $157,000.

Citra Highlands. Anthony Penney to Anthony Hoffmann: $92,900.

Citra Highlands. Triple Crown Homes Inc. to Randall Smith: $176,800.

Classic Hills. Deborah Dawson to Brianna Kennedy: $140,000.

Cobblestone. James Chambers to Robert Aulds: $283,000.

College Park. John Shields to Bashir Ahmed Memon: $160,000.

College Park. College Park Ocala LLC to Armstrong Land LLC: $229,409.

Cottages of Salt Springs Resort. Alice M. Decator Revocable Living Trust to Mary Kordys: $148,000.

Country Club Farms. Michael Shrader to Charles Parker: $599,000.

Country Club of Ocala. Wayne McCall to William Mess: $515,000.

Have you seen this place?: A peek inside WECs Equestrian Hotel: Pillow fluffing, a patisserie and posh style galore

WEC is for everyone: Ocalans invited for dining, dog walking, shopping and shows

Planning ahead: $5 million plan: Marion's Heart of Florida Health to add mobile vaccine unit, radiology

Country Estates South. Anne A. Berman Revocable Trust to Lisa Stolzenberg: $239,000.

Country Estates West. Aja Forde to Alfredis Nillar Sanchez: $193,000.

Countryside Estates. Margaret Almgren to Cody Helwig: $215,000.

Delcrest. Deborah Baumgart to Elder Planning Income Concepts LLC: $181,975.

Delcrest. Elder Planning Income Concepts LLC to Tommie Zachry: $196,000.

Devonshire. Christopher Sawdon to Joshua Boyer: $455,000.

Diamond Park. Stephen Dahlquist to Gerald Nativio: $237,000.

Diamond Park North. D R Horton Inc. to Faith Warren: $206,990.

Dove Hill. Susan Magaziner to Annie Charshafian: $195,000.

Dunnellon. Mark Hampton to Reynaldo Gonzalez: $99,000.

Dunnellon Oaks. Carmen J. Llerena Living Trust to SOFL Real Estate Investment Group: $127,500.

Eastridge at Stonecrest. Susan McCreary to Joseph Angleton: $285,000.

Edgewater Estates. Casey Walsh to Jacqueline Gnojek: $160,416.

El Dorado. Suresh Nadella to Michael Krueger: $542,500.

Esquire Center Condo. Studio 1015 LLC to Giscard Rousseau: $70,000.

Ethans Glen. Patrick Fross to D. Diane Laws: $160,000.

Executive Park Subdivision. East Pasco 52 Holdings LLC to Magnolious Property Investments LLC: $1,335,000.

Fairfax Hills. James Hall to Emily Else Morera Perez: $132,000.

Fairfield Oaks. Infinitty Farm LLC to Joseph Chaundy: $540,000.

Fairways of Stonecrest. Arthur Joseph & Elsie Marie Roche Rev Liv Trust to George Huggins: $315,000.

Fellowship Acres. Grace E. Tirado Perez to Marcia Young: $358,915.

Destination: World Equestrian Center

Of the 6000 acres that the Roberts family owns, WEC sits on 387 acres that has already been developed and 300 undeveloped. There are eight different eateries and a general store. There is 248 room hotel and 25 barns with almost 3000 stalls.

Doug Engle, Ocala Star-Banner

Florida Heights. Randall Crabtree to Adeli Rivera: $158,000.

Florida Highlands. Paul Johnson to Milton Brabb: $158,500.

Fore Acres Subdivision. Anette Mendoza to Brittany Velez: $167,000.

Forest Hills. Emmanual Vogt to Leslie Nottingham: $184,000.

Forest Villas. Ivis Ramos to Robin Histed: $275,000.

Fountains at Oak Run. Aldei Fauteux to Kirk Deddo: $179,900.

Gilliam's Subdivision. Eco Stonecrest LLC to Ocala 24th Street Development LLC: $250,000.

Gold Medal Farms. Jay Miranda to Theodore Taylor: $340,000.

Golden Hills Turf & Country Club. Hallie Coon to Robin Arnaudy: $300,000.

Greystone Hills. Rolling Hills Development Inc. to D R Horton Inc.: $90,897.

Greystone Hills. D R Horton Inc. to Kenneth Weaver: $239,990.

Greystone Hills. D R Horton Inc. to Dayanna Bunch: $259,990.

Greystone Hills. D R Horton Inc. to Mireilly Vicens: $308,510.

Hammock. Brito Commercial Investment Inc. to Zeina Al Mansour: $289,000.

Hibiscus Park. Cusick Properties LLC to Kathryn Mann: $150,000.

Hickory Hollow. Oscar Chaires to Kandace Vitale: $195,000.

Hills of Stonecrest. David A. ONeill Revocable Trust to Robert N. Rousseau Trust: $215,000.

Hunters Ridge. Joseph Burgatti to Steven Jones: $240,000.

Indigo East. Francis Roark to Jon Riordan: $250,000.

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How much did that house go for? Ocala/Marion County deed transfers from May 3-7 - Ocala

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