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The Evolutionary Perspective
Daily Archives: October 18, 2020
Posted: October 18, 2020 at 11:59 pm
The National Security Agency said it is redefining the academic path to jobs in cybersecurity with a new program offering minority students interested in the field access to paid internships and training facilities.
The Cybersecurity Education Diversity InitiativeCEDImakes officials and resources such as virtual cyber ranges available to minority-serving institutions through NSAs National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cybersecurity, according to a press release on Thursday. The Office of Industrial Policys Small Business Program and the Mentor Protg Program at the Defense Department would participate, and students can receive stipends for working with companies in their geographic areas, the release said.
This partnership is a revolutionary approach to developing the cybersecurity workforce of the future, said Diane M. Janosek, the commandant of NSAs National Cryptologic School, which houses the NCAE-C program. CEDI is the future model for developing well-qualified and trained cybersecurity professionals across all industrial sectors, in all 50 states. Thank you DoDs Office of Small Business Programs for creatively addressing the critical need for cybersecurity professionals in the Defense Industrial Base.
Tapping Historically Black Colleges and Universities and other minority-serving institutions to fill what is now hundreds of thousands of related vacancies makes sense to politicians and cybersecurity officials, alike.
During a town hall event Thursday, Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden said the availability of cybersecurity jobs provides an opportunity for young Black voters to start generating wealth. He touted his efforts while serving as vice president during the Obama administration, which included the announcement of a $25 million grant for cybersecurity education at HBCUs.
That will enable those schools to produce young Black women and men who are going to go into a field of the future that's burgeoning; cybersecurity, he said. And that's what's going to help a great deal.
Biden said he plans to put another $70 billion toward HBCUs, if elected. Simultaneously, in a separate town hall, President Donald Trump also emphasized his commitment to HBCUs.
But there are also cybersecurity benefits to be had from making the industry more diverse, according to Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency Director Christopher Krebs.
Theres an advantage of U.S.-centric cybersecurity defense against what is generally adversaries that are fairly homogeneous, he said this summer. We have a distinct advantage in diversifying our workforce and having a more inclusive environment. Thats going to give us perspectives our adversaries dont have. I think innately the American experience can set us up for greater success in the cybersecurity game.
Eight minority-serving institutions have already received grants to build their capacity, according to a factsheet on the initiative. The document lists participating NCAE-C institutions, including those from regions around the country, and provides contact information for learning about the application process.
Here is the original post:
NSA Launches Diversity Initiative to Grow Bench of Job-Ready Cybersecurity Talent - Nextgov
Posted: at 11:59 pm
Karan Thapar: Hello and welcome to a special interview for The Wire, supported by Glenlivet Books. Today, we present an exclusive interview from Islamabad on India-Pakistan relations. My guest is the Pakistan prime ministers advisor on national security and strategic policy planning, Moeed Yusuf. This is Dr. Yusufs first interview to the Indian media, its also the first interview by any official in Pakistan after the constitution changes in Jammu and Kashmir in August 2019.
Dr. Yusuf, lets start with August 2019. Why is Pakistan so worked up by the internal constitutional changes in Jammu and Kashmir? First of all, this is a strictly internal Indian matter its of no concern to Pakistan and secondly, youre reported to be attempting something very similar in Gilgit Baltistan.
Moeed Yusuf: Thank you for having me on your show, Karan. So, lets take these separately because GB is a separate issue, Ill come to that. As far as the 5th of August, 2019 is concerned, quite frankly, India scored an own-goal. You know, there was never a doubt what the Kashmiris of occupied Kashmir believed in what they thought of India but, if there was any doubt left, its gone now.
Dont accept what Im saying; Farooq Abdullah came to your programme very recently I heard him, what did he say? No Kashmiri sees him or herself as Indian, theyd much rather be ruled by Chinese of course, he couldnt say Pakistan, he has to survive in India but, the Chinese. What does the ICJ report saying? What is Yashwant Sinhas report saying? The world is calling India out. Karan, thats the reality. Kashmiris cant bear the thought of being Indian. Kashmiri Hindustan se nafrat kartein hain, Karan and, when thats the reality, what internal arrangement are you talking about?
KT: But see, youre confusing two things. Whatever the Kashmiri feeling toward India may be is another matter; but what has happened
MY: No, no! *chuckles*
KT: is an internal constitutional change. It doesnt affect Pakistan in any way, it doesnt affect the UN referendum or plebiscite requirement in any way. Its internal its simply a constitutional, administrative measure and precisely the same thing is being
MY: Let me correct you, Karan.
KT: talked about for
MY: Let me correct.
KT: Gilgit Baltistan.
MY: Let me correct you. If Indias taking a stance that its actions of August 5th a permanent change to the territory which is disputed if India is arguing that a forced domicile law, change of demography of that territory, is not against the UN Charter, well, India is then priding itself at being a rogue state, Karan. Let me tell you why. The UN Charter and the UN resolutions are very clear; Indias never obeyed them, but now you have formally stated youre going to violate them. And, let me also tell you, your foreign minister was very recently I think last year, perhaps in the US. I heard him say that India will now resolve all its problems unilaterally. So, let me tell you whats happening, its very important
KT: Let me come back to this point
MY: Just give me one second.
KT: Let me come back
MY: Karan, one second
KT: One quick point
MY: Let me just finish
KT: You made
MY: Karan, just let me finish
KT: a point of talking
MY: No, no, no
KT: about demographic changes. Pakistan has been making demographic changes in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir, by bringing in Punjabi settlers, for decades
KT: At the moment, what demographic changes happen, its only made possible by the domicile law and, secondly, this is equally important if you can change the administrative structure of Gilgit Baltistan, India can certainly do the same in Jammu and Kashmir.
MY: Karan. Karan, I told you Ill come to Gilgit Baltistan but let me just finish this topic. You know, there are three levels you know, I have a background in scholarship. There are three levels at which the state can operate in the international community of nations. Theres the multilateral international, which is the UN we know what India thinks of the UN resolutions, we know what India said about the plebiscite after going to the UN itself and then pulling back from it. The second level is bilateral; for years, for decades since 1972 Shimla, India told the world its a bilateral matter well use Shimla. What happened on the 5th of August? A unilateral decision that Shimla explicitly says you cannot do. And dont take my words for it, take A.G. Nooranis words what did he say in a recent article? The foul deeds of August 5th destroyed the Shimla agreement, or the Shimla pact, totally. And the third level is unilateral; youve done something unilateral, when you did something unilateral you had to bring in a 180,000 troops, lie to the world that there was a terrorist threat, and then you perpetrated Indian government perpetrated terrorism on the 5th of August
KT: Can I respond?
MY: And then, a year later
KT: Can I respond?
MY: You had to impose curfew
KT: Dr. Yusuf
MY: And when you say, Karan, that the
KT: You must let me respond
MY: wishes of the people dont matter, thats where you go wrong.
KT: You began, first of all
MY: All that matters is the wishes of the people.
KT: Dr. Yusuf, you must let me respond. You began, first of all, by referring to the UN requirements of a plebiscite that is conditioned by a Pakistani withdrawal which didnt happen. So, lets be honest
KT: the first step was from your side, it didnt happen, thats why the plebiscite didnt never happened. Secondly, youre talking about the world believing that India has done the wrong thing with the exception of Turkey and Malaysia, no other country supports Pakistans position on 370. In fact, youre aware better than me that your attempt to create a special OIC meeting annoyed the Saudis and has strained your relationship with them. Actually, your obsession with Kashmir is becoming an own goal against yourself.
MY: Youre actually packing too many questions so Im going to write so I dont forget. So, Karan, first of all, here is where India goes wrong the only thing that matters is the wishes of the people because the UN resolutions are about the right to self-determination of the Kashmiris you dont believe me? And, Ill come to GB now you think what Im saying about occupied Kashmir is wrong? Even though everybody on your programme, in New York Times andThe Economist have said what they have to say? Lets hold a UN-administered plebiscite tomorrow. Lets bring the UN in, ask them what needs to be done
KT: Youre changing the subject
MY: Just do it.
KT: Were not talking about a UN plebiscite, were talking about the fact that Pakistan for reasons that have no warranty or justification is finding fault with Indias internal decision to change the constitutional arrangements in Jammu and Kashmir. Youve done the same in Gilgit Baltistan. Secondly, youve been changing the demography of P0K by bringing in Punjabi settlers for decades that hasnt happened in India.
MY: Yeah. So, let me come to the Pakistan side by adding just one sentence to what I was saying. The day India recognises that only the wishes of people of Kashmiris matter, this issue can be resolved. And today, Karan, I sit here, on the instructions of my prime minister, to talk to you about the future to talk to you how we can move forward, how we can get over our problems, not to litigate the past.
But since youre there, Gilgit Baltistan first of all, no decision has been made. What is happening in Gilgit Baltistan? Theres a public debate? Yes. Why is there a public debate? For the polar opposite reason to what is happening in Illegally Occupied Kashmir. Whats the reason? People of Gilgit Baltistan want to be fully integrated into Pakistan that is the reason of this public debate. Now
KT:Can I interrupt you?
MY: what is Pakistans response?
Indus River at Skardu in Gilgit-Baltistan region. Photo: Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA
KT: I have to interrupt you because youve made, I think, according to your papers, a factual error. Dawn, one of Pakistans best-known papers, on the 22nd of September, reported that at a meeting with several senior cabinet ministers present, members of the PPP, and the army chief a decision was taken to confer provincial status on Gilgit Baltistan. And that was confirmed to Dawn thereafter by your railway minister Sheikh Rashid Ahmed and by the minister in charge of Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan affairs, Ali Amin Gandapur. Im quoting Dawn! They say the decision
MY: My friend. My friend, the proof is in the pudding. If it was so confirmed and so done, where is the act? Now, please let me finish this answer. You asked me two or three times, I want to clarify this. One, no decision has been made; two, there is a public debate the public debate is not being generated by the Government of Pakistan, its being generated by the people of Gilgit Baltistan. Theyve been saying this for two or three years now. What are they saying? We want to be fully integrated with Pakistan. Now, you tell me, Karan, if a people is not treated well, would they ever want that? Ive never heard the Kashmiri Muslims talk about this in the occupied territories
KT: Youre deliberately missing the point.
MY: Third, whatever
KT: Just as you say
MS: Sorry, Karan just let me finish.
KT: Just as you say the people of Gilgit Baltistan
MS: Karan, this is not fair.You ask me a question, you dont let me finish.
KT: people of Ladakh wanted to be separated from Jammu and Kashmir, they wanted union territory status as well, they asked for it.
MY: Karan, not fair. You asked me a question, let me finish please have the patience to hear me out. The third part of that is most important. Whatever decision is ultimately taken will be within the framework of the UN Security Council resolutions. If the resolutions bar permanent change of territorial status, there will be no permanent change and there may be no change. This is a debate, this is how democratic societies debate; democratic societies, by the way, Karan, do not bring in a 180,000 troops to change the status of a territory. Thats the difference between Pakistan and India right now.
KT: Let me repost to some of the things youve said. First of all, you said the change in Gilgit Baltistan is happening because the people have requested it that is equally true of Ladakh, the people of Ladakh have been wanting to be separated from Jammu and Kashmir for decades, they wanted union territory status, theyve now got it. So, the same criteria apply in both instances. Secondly
MY: Within the constraints of the UN.
KT: You have to let me finish, you have to let me finish.
KT: Secondly, you said that, in fact, what is happening is not a violation of the Shimla agreement in the case of Gilgit Baltistan, it is, you claim, a violation of Shimla in the case of Jammu and Kashmir. Actually, its the same thing happening on both sides; you are changing the nature of the
MY: But nothing has happened!
KT: Youre changing the nature
MY: Nothing has happened! 5th of August has happened. In Pakistan theres a public debate and one thing I can guarantee you on your programme whenever that debate settles, there will be no question of going outside any multilateral or bilateral framework that Pakistan has agreed to.
KT: Doctor, when you say nothing has happened
MY: Karan, thats the difference.
KT: youre forgetting the fact
MY: Karan, that
KT: that changing the provincial nature of Gilgit Baltistan is a campaign promise of Imran Khans party. Mr. Gandapur had said so, Im quoting Mr. Gandapur, just listen to the minister
MY: Yeah, you quote him.
KT: Our government has decided to deliver on the promise it made to the people there. Hes saying so, its a campaign promise
MY: The promise made to people in Gilgit Baltistan is to ensure that they get more development, even more rights within the framework of the UN Security Council resolution. If the UN Security Council resolutions allow the word provisional to be added, maybe the public debate goes there; if it doesnt allow it, it wont go there. Karan, we are talking of Kashmir, right? This is a disputed territory, internationally recognised
KT: Both sides of it! Both sides of it! Do not forget to include PoK-Gilgit Baltistan; its disputed, India believes
MY: Absolutely. It will be included in the plebiscite the day the plebiscite happens. My map, behind me, Pakistans official political map, all of it in one colour for that very reason. Now, youve talked of Kashmir, but Karan, let me say one thing this is no longer, unfortunately, an India focused on Pakistan doing things that are illegal and wrong. Unfortunately, we are now seeing at least, sitting on this side of the border we are seeing an ideology that you who knows better than you?
KT: Forgive me, just a moment
MY: Weve seen expansionism
KT: Just a moment! Before you start branching into an ideology and making claims, like your Prime Minister has made with the UN, that Mr. Modi
MY: Karan, youve written about it! For god sakes, youve written about it.
KT: Lets not become polemical, lets stick to details
KT: otherwise, we
MY: No, no I was going to
KT: will not have a discussion, we will have a tu tu, main main which will serve no ones purpose.
MY: No, no Im here to talk of the future.
KT: Let me come back to the issue
MY:Lets talk of the future, lets talk peace.
KT: I will definitely talk to you about the future
MY: Lets talk peace.
KT: but lets talk about the present first.
KT: Lets come back to Article 370. I want to point out the paradox. One, while Article 370 existed, Pakistan dismissed it as a sham. Your high commissioners repeatedly refused to meet the chief minister of Jammu and Kashmir they wouldnt recognise them. Now that Article 370 has been scrapped, youre clamouring for its restoration. You seem to be contradicting yourselves.
MY: First of all, Karan, Pakistan does not recognise cannot recognise Article 370 because Pakistans quarrel is with the actual instrument of accession; an instrument of accession that was signed under duress
KT: *chuckles* Youve just given the game away. If you cant recognise 370, why worry when its scrapped? Why make such a protest about its scrapping? Thats the point Im making.
MY: Oh, its not my issue. Im not making a protest about 370, lets be clear
KT: Your government is.
MY: No, no not at all. Show me one place where weve said 370 good or bad. We are raising an issue because you have formally gone outside the UN Charter and the resolutions by making a permanent change in the territory I rightfully claim as mine, to people who cant bear the thought of being under Indian occupation. Thats my quarrel. My quarrel is the domicile law which is thrusting people on a Muslim-majority territory to change its character.
KT: Dr. Yusuf, everything youre saying will apply to Gilgit Baltistan a campaign manifesto promise of your government, a commitment made in public by your railway minister and the Kashmir minister to the Dawn newspaper you can apply your arguments to yourself. What Im saying is
MY: So, Ive said two things to you, Karan
PESO named official national sports association for esports in the Philippines – Sports Interactive Network Philippines
Posted: at 11:59 pm
THE Philippine Olympic Committee (POC) has formalized the accreditation of Philippine Electronic Sports Organization (PESO) as the official National Sports Association (NSA) for esports in the Philippines.
An NSA is the officially appointed regulatory body of a sport in the country. For a refresher of how NSAs work, read this:
In a certificate issued on October 9, 2020, the POC declared PESO as an associate member of the National Olympic Committee (NOC) Philippine Olympic Committee.
As such, PESO is the sole recognized National Sports Association and governing body for the sport of ESPORTS in the Philippines, the certificate reads.
The certificate also bears the names of PESO officials who will serve the term of two years from their election last February 2019: Brian Benjamin Lim, president; Eric Redulfin, vice president; Jess Tamboboy, secretary general; and Michael Gatchalian, corporate secretary.
The news comes after reports surfaced this week that esports would return to next years SEA Games.
Continue reading below
PESOs member-organizations include Bren Esports, Gariath Concepts, Mineski Philippines, The Nationals, PlayBook Esports, Tier One Entertainment, TV5, and TNC Holdings. These groups were key in last years debut of esports as a medal event in the 30th SEA Games.
They also worked, variously, as technical officials for the production and streaming of the event, as well as coaches and managers for Sibol, the Philippines esports team.
Continue reading below
We are honored and grateful for the trust that the POC placed in us. We embrace this huge responsibility as we continue to support our athletes and push the growth and development of Esports in the country, said PESO President Brian Lim.
We also echo POCs call for unity among esports groups and communities as we all share the same goal to showcase the skills and abilities of Filipino gamers in the world arena and ultimately bring glory to our country, he adds.
PESO went through a rigorous accreditation process by the POC, which took into consideration its years of experience in organizing esport events and programs, as well as its linkages with reputable esport organizations.
Continue reading below
Since 2012, PESO has been a member in good standing of the International Esports Federation (IESF).
Last March, IESF and Asian Esports Federation (AESF) signed a milestone agreement to promote and advance esports globally, and across the Asian continent.
Under the agreement, the IESF recognizes the AESF as the sole federation for esports in Asia, while the AESF recognizes IESF as the sole federation for esports on the international level.
Spin fans unite at the Spin Viber Community! Join the growing community now and complete the experience by subscribing to the Spin Chatbot.
Posted: at 11:59 pm
THE National Sheep Association (NSA) has voiced concerns following the rejection by the House of Commons on a Lords amendment to the Agriculture Bill that would force future trade deals to meet UK animal welfare and food safety rules.
The vote, which saw MPs reject the amendment by 332 votes to 279, will potentially allow food products with lower standards than that produced in the UK to be accepted into the country once new trade deals are secured following the UKs departure from the EU.
NSA chief executive Phil Stocker said: This amendment provided an opportunity to uphold and protect our animal welfare standards, some of the highest in the world.
"With this being rejected by MPs last night, there is now the very real risk, despite Governments assurances, that the UKs standards that our nations farmers are proud to work to, could be undermined by lower standard imports.
The Government may have already given a verbal commitment to farmers and consumers that the current high UK standards will not be threatened by imported goods but even if this commitment is upheld, it comes from the current Government only and therefore is for the present Parliamentary term, four years down the line there is a risk this commitment could be lost and the UK farming sector could be left to fight this battle again.
Farming Minister George Eustice has said that the amendment was unnecessary and would be opposed by ministers as it could cause technical issues and disrupt existing trade deals with countries such as South America that already bring small amounts of product into the UK.
Mr Stocker said: Any suggestion by the Government that importing just relatively small quantities of lower standard products is worth it in order to safeguard other trade flies in the face of the UKs stated aim to see animal welfare standards increase across the world.
"We simply will not achieve this if we allow our markets to support standards we wouldnt find acceptable here.
We sincerely hope the British public will get behind the countrys farmers more than ever now in supporting their hard work producing the highest quality, good value farm produce, while caring for their livestock and upholding animal welfare standards at all times.
"As we leave the EU and further trade deals are secured, it will be more important than ever to support UK agriculture and buy British to be assured of food traceability and quality.
United States 5G Benchmark Study 2020: T-Mobile Band n71 5G NR Standalone (SA) Network and how it Compares with the Operator’s 5G NR Non-Standalone…
Posted: at 11:59 pm
DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "5G: The Greatest Show on Earth! Vol 13: Needle in a Haystack" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
The publisher just completed their thirteenth 5G benchmark study, this time with a focus on the T-Mobile Band n71 5G NR Standalone (SA) network and how it compares with the operator's 5G NR Non-Standalone (NSA) network. They tested in the Dallas area, as well as rural areas in Minnesota and Wisconsin.
Highlights of the Report include the following:
Improved Coverage and Performance: Although it wasn't easy to find locations where the smartphone used [needed] SA, in those regions, the publisher observed 5G NR coverage which didn't exist with the NSA-capable smartphone. They also documented meaningful increases in end-user data speeds, even in cases when the NSA smartphone was using both LTE and 5G NR.
Latency Results were Mixed: The publisher measured handover times, acquisition times, RTT and web page load times. The results were mixed, at best.
Related Challenges: PDCP packet losses, especially with poor LTE coverage remain a big problem that isn't specific to any operator or vendor. Furthermore, they continue to observe smartphones camping on a low-band LTE frequency (i.e., Band 12) instead of leveraging 5G NR in another low-band frequency. The publisher is very familiar with the airplane mode feature which can trigger a different response and the desired outcome.
Sidebar Study: The publisher covered the majority of Wisconsin while testing the top three operator networks. AT&T had the fastest network (by far) while the T-Mobile network had the greatest use of 5G NR. They also captured scanner data to look at operator low-/mid-band LTE coverage and 5G NR coverage.
Key Topics Covered:
1.0 Executive Summary
2.0 Key Observations
3.0 Latency-Related Metrics
4.0 5G NR SA Coverage and Performance
5.0 Test Methodology
6.0 Final Thoughts
For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/36q5ic
Agriculture Bill rejection leaves a ‘real risk’ to UK animal welfare standards – NSA – Agriland.co.uk
Posted: at 11:59 pm
The National Sheep Association (NSA) has responded to the vote in the House of Commons on a Lords amendment to the Agriculture Bill that would force future trade deals to meet UK animal welfare and food safety rules.
The vote which saw MPs reject the amendment with 332 votes to 279 will potentially allow food products with lower standards than that produced in the UK to be accepted into the country once new trade deals are secured following the UKs departure from the EU.
NSA chief executive Phil Stocker said:
This amendment provided opportunity to uphold and protect our animal welfare standards, some of the highest in the world.
With this being rejected by MPs last night there is now the very real risk, despite governments assurances, that the UKs standards that our nations farmers are proud to work to, could be undermined by lower standard imports.
The government may have already given a verbal commitment to farmers and consumers that the current high UK standards will not be threatened by imported goods.
However, even if this commitment is upheld it comes from the current government only and therefore is for the present Parliamentary term; four years down the line there is a risk this commitment could be lost and the UK farming sector could be left to fight this battle again.
Farming Minister George Eustice last week stated that the amendment was unnecessary and would be opposed by ministers as it could cause technical issues and disrupt existing trade deals with countries such as South America that already bring small amounts of product into the UK.
Any suggestion by the government that importing just relatively small quantities of lower standard products is worth it in order to safeguard other trade flies in the face of the UKs stated aim to see animal welfare standards increase across the world.
We simply will not achieve this if we allow our markets to support standards we wouldnt find acceptable here.
We sincerely hope the British public will get behind the countrys farmers more than ever now in supporting their hard work producing the highest quality, good value farm produce whilst caring for their livestock and upholding animal welfare standards at all times.
As we leave the EU and further trade deals are secured it will be more important than ever to support UK agriculture and buy British to be assured of food traceability and quality.
NSA Scottish Region chairman Jen Craig added:
It is incredibly disappointing that the UK government has voted against the amendment to ensure imports to the UK are produced to the same standard as our own.
However, we should not allow this vote to undermine what we do in the UK. We will continue to be world leaders in animal health and welfare whilst producing food to the highest of standards.
This allows our consumers to have the utmost trust and confidence that when they buy Scottish and British food, they can have pride in knowing where it has come from and that it is safe.
Chesterton Institute Hosts Online Conference: "The Return of Eugenics" – Seton Hall University News & Events
Posted: at 11:58 pm
TheG. K. Chesterton Institute for Faith and Cultureannounces Father Boyd's Conference The Return of Eugenics. The Archdiocese of Edmonton Canada is pleased to announce its Annual St. Luke's Guild event in collaboration G. K. Chesterton Institute for Faith & Culture at Seton Hall University. The online conference with Father Ian Boyd on the theme of "The Return of Eugenics."The online event will be streamed online on Sunday, October 18, 2020 from 7-8:30 p.m. (Edmonton time) 5-6:30 p.m.(New York time).
Toattend via Zoom, click here.Meeting ID: 840 5913 4481Passcode: 304204
Father Ian Boyd is the world expert on G. K. Chesterton. In his talk, "The Return of Eugenics,"he will be reflecting on the writings of Chesterton and their message for us in this modern age.
Father Boyd is founder and President Emeritus of the G. K. Chesterton Institute for Faith & Culture at Seton Hall University and Founding Editor of The Chesterton Review.
In ‘Belly of the Beast,’ Utah filmmaker examines modern ‘eugenics’ in women’s prisons – Salt Lake Tribune
Posted: at 11:58 pm
Some documentaries take longer to come together than others a lesson Salt Lake City-born filmmaker Erika Cohn learned as it was happening.
Back in 2010, Cohn began work on In Football We Trust, the Emmy-winning documentary she co-directed about young men in Utahs Polynesian community who used football as a way to change their lives. The movie premiered at the 2015 Sundance Film Festival, and was seen nationwide in theaters and on PBS.
Also in 2010, she met Cynthia Chandler, the Bay Area activist and attorney whos one of the main figures in Belly of the Beast, which will debut in virtual cinemas including the Salt Lake Film Societys SLFS@Home platform on Friday, before airing on PBS Independent Lens on Nov. 23. (The Utah Film Center, the documentarys fiscal sponsor, will have a free online screening Tuesday at 7 p.m., with a post-screening Q&A with Cohn, moderated by Planned Parenthood of Utah. That screening is limited to 150 tickets.)
Chandler was the first attorney to get an inmate dying in a California prison out on compassionate release, Cohn said in a phone interview. Chandler is also the co-founder of Justice Now, a Bay Area legal group advocating for women in prison, which exposed the multiple ways prisons destroy the human right to family, she said.
One of the most heinous methods used in prisons, Cohn said, was the illegal sterilization of inmates, usually women of color.
When I first found out about that, it just really screamed eugenics to me, Cohn said. As a Jewish woman, the phrase Never again was always in the back of my mind.
Comparisons to the Nazis, and their efforts to wipe out entire groups of people, are not alarmist. One of the facts Cohn presents in the film is that California was so efficient at eugenics more than 20,000 women, mostly Indigenous and Latina, were sterilized between 1909 and 1979 that the Germans visited California in the 1930s to learn their techniques.
More recently, as the film describes, some 1,400 women inmates in California prisons between 1997 and 2013 were sterilized, usually with consent not given or hastily coerced. It was those statistics that Justice Now had documented and was fighting to end.
I knew that I wanted to get involved, Cohn said. Chandler invited Cohn to be a volunteer for Justice Now, first editing campaign videos and later becoming a legal advocate, providing services to more than 150 women inmates in California.
As a volunteer, Cohn had the idea to film Justice Nows work, which was to have inmates members of the groups board of directors teach other inmates how to fill out questionnaires about the sterilization they experienced.
I would be telling the story of how the human rights abuses were being documented, Cohn said.
Thats how Cohn met Kelli Dillon, a paroled inmate, and the story angle really changed, Cohn said. When I first met Kelli, I was just blown away.
Dillon, who served 15 years for killing her abusive husband, was 24 when a doctor found cysts in her uterus. Nine months after her surgery, she began having menopausal symptoms and lost more than 100 pounds. Eventually, she would learn that the surgeon removed not only the cysts but gave her a hysterectomy.
When Cohn met Dillon, the former inmate was focused on community activism, particularly as a domestic violence counselor and a gang interventionist. But she had been working behind the scenes, advising Justice Now on the sterilization issue ultimately working with Chandler to lobby the California Legislature on a bill to end the practice of sterilizing women in that states prisons.
(In her research, Cohn found other states had systems similar to Californias. Utah, on the other hand, is one of six states that responded to Cohens Freedom of Information Act requests by saying they did not perform sterilizations on inmates or had a ban against the practice.)
When the Center for Investigative Reporting broke a story detailing the number of sterilizations at Californias biggest womens prison, Dillon decided at that point that she was, once again, going to dive back into this and be an advocate for others, Cohn said.
That advocacy included going on camera with Cohn. The more I filmed with her, the more I felt like the film really needed to center around her story, Cohn said.
In the film, Dillon describes the pain of having to retell her story again and again and Cohn took pains to not make her dredge up bad memories too often.
She really directed that process in terms she was comfortable with, Cohn said. Because we already had that foundation of friendship and collaboration, before she became the focus of the film, there was already that trust in the relationship established. Kelli felt very comfortable saying, No, I dont want to film right now.
Now, Cohn said, with the film coming out, she doesnt have to tell her story over and over and over again. The film stands alone as an opportunity for people to better understand her story.
Since filming Belly of the Beast, Justice Now has shifted its focus toward working to build a safe, compassionate world without prisons, according to the groups mission statement. Chandler is no longer associated with Justice Now, and is now director of the Bay Area Legal Incubator, which helps fledgling lawyers start practices to serve low- and middle-income communities. And Dillon is continuing her work with domestic violence survivors and gang members.
The reports were so eerily similar to what we uncovered in Belly of the Beast, it was astounding, Cohn said. The Georgia story is not an isolated incident. We have a legacy of forced sterilization in the United States, and this is just one more instance of modern-day eugenics.
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Archives On The Air 215: Eugenics And Compulsory SterilizationPaul Popenoe Papers – Wyoming Public Media
Posted: at 11:58 pm
Before the Nazis made eugenics synonymous with ethnic cleansing, it was considered a viable tool for managing public health. In the early 20th century, applying eugenic methods such as forced sterilization was a way to improve the human race.
The theory was undesirable traits such as mental disabilities, criminality and promiscuity were hereditary. Adherents believed that removing these traits from the gene pool would better society.
Paul Popenoe was a major supporter. He had little medical training but that didn't stop him from referring to himself as "Dr. Popenoe" after receiving an honorary degree. In his view, anyone with an IQ below 70 should be sterilized, which he estimated was around 6 million people in the U.S.
After the Nazi atrocities of World War II came to light, public opinion turned against compulsory sterilization and American eugenics laws were struck down by courts.
Learn more in Paul Popenoe's papers at UW's UW American Heritage Center.
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Perspectives: Pros, Cons Of Herd Immunity Strategy; Good Genes Or Nonsense Eugenics? – Kaiser Health News
Posted: at 11:58 pm
Opinion writers weigh in on these public health topics and others.
The Washington Post:The Great Barrington Declarations Herd Immunity Strategy Wont Work To Stop The CoronavirusPresident Trump has long seemed fascinated with the idea that herd immunity could provide an easy end to the coronavirus pandemic, even before his own diagnosis with covid-19 and his blithe declaration after he checked himself out of the hospital that no one should be afraid of getting it. With time, it goes away, he told an ABC News town hall last month. And youll develop youll develop herd like a herd mentality. Its going to be its going to be herd-developed, and thats going to happen. That will all happen. The neuroradiologist he brought in to advise on the pandemic response over the summer, Scott Atlas, has argued that rising case counts will bring the nation to herd immunity faster. (Marc Lipsitch, Gregg Gonsalves, Carlos del Rio and Rochelle P. Walensky, 10/14)
The Lancet:Scientific Consensus On The COVID-19 Pandemic: We Need To Act Now... The arrival of a second wave and the realisation of the challenges ahead has led to renewed interest in a so-called herd immunity approach, which suggests allowing a large uncontrolled outbreak in the low-risk population while protecting the vulnerable. Proponents suggest this would lead to the development of infection-acquired population immunity in the low-risk population, which will eventually protect the vulnerable. This is a dangerous fallacy unsupported by scientific evidence. (10/15)
CNN:White House's New Covid-19 Strategy Is MadnessAs if Donald Trump's irresponsibility was not already a national tragedy, the White House seems now to favor a controversial approach to Covid-19 that threatens to bring nothing less than mass suffering.More than 216,000 Americans have already died. Yet on Tuesday, senior Trump administration officials said that they were receptive to pursuing "herd immunity," an approach touted by a group of scientists who have put out what they call the "Great Barrington Declaration." (Jeffrey Sachs, 10/14)
Los Angeles Times:Eugenics Is Making A Comeback. Stop It In Its TracksPoliticians often flatter their audiences, but at a rally in Bemidji, Minn., last month, President Trump found an unusual thing to praise about the nearly all-white crowd: its genetics. You have good genes, he insisted. A lot of it is about the genes, isnt it, dont you believe? The racehorse theory. You have good genes in Minnesota. In case it was not clear from the sea of white faces that he was making a point about race, Trump later said the quiet part out loud. Every family in Minnesota needs to know about Sleepy Joe Bidens extreme plan to flood your state with an influx of refugees from Somalia, from other places all over the planet, he declared. (Adam Cohen, 10/14)
Stat:The 'Buy American' Executive Order: Opportunities And PitfallsPresident Trumps executive order on essential medicines aims to encourage pharmaceutical companies to bring their manufacturing back to the U.S. But it may also have unintended consequences for both domestic and foreign companies. (Joy Strum, 10/15)
The Hill:The Pandemic's Digital Shadow: Increased SurveillanceGovernments responses to todays pandemic are laying a foundation for tomorrows surveillance state... History has shown that powers acquired during an emergency often outlive the original threat. And governments in democracies as well as authoritarian states are now exploiting the health crisis to digitize, collect, and analyze our most intimate data, thus threatening permanent harm to our privacy. (Adrian Shahbaz and Allie Funk, 10/14)
The New York Times:Amy Coney Barrett On The Supreme Court Could Take Us BackwardVoters cant weigh in on the Barrett nomination, but they can correct this countrys course. Heres the fundamental question: Will voters reward the party that is working to provide more health care, or the party that has painstakingly robbed one million children of insurance? Will voters help tug the United States forward, or will they support the backward thinkers who have been on the side of discrimination, racism, bigotry and voter suppression? At the polls, which side of history will you stand on? (Nicholas Kristof, 10/14)
The Hill:Faith, Gender And Abortion Center Stage At Amy Coney Barrett's ConfirmationOn the surface, American politics appears to be full of paradoxes. In 2016, many women and especially white Christian women voted for Donald Trump over the first woman nominated for U.S. president by a major party. Now, in 2020, confirmation hearings are occurring for a woman, nominated by Trump, who opposes a womans right to choose abortion. How might those women who voted for Trump feel about these hearings that reopen questions about womens autonomy over their own bodies? (Landon Schnabel, 10/14)
New England Journal of Medicine:Health Policy In A Biden AdministrationA Biden administration would aim to address todays critical challenges Covid-19, gaps in health insurance coverage, high costs, and inadequate care for the disabled by means of actionable reforms aimed at the most vulnerable Americans. (Sherry Glied, 10/15)
USA Today:Nick Saban's COVID-19 Positive Is Another Red Flag For Struggling SECThe travesty of the 2020 college football season is now on full display. With the SEC schedule collapsing like a house of cards, the biggest name in the sport, 68-year-old Alabama head coach Nick Saban, has tested positive for COVID-19 and is currently in isolation at home, the university announced Wednesday evening. Thankfully, Saban is not experiencing any symptoms of the coronavirus, he said in a statement. Alabamas athletic director Greg Byrne, 48, also tested positive, the university said. For now, No. 2 Alabamas game with No. 3 Georgia is still on for this weekend, but the same cant be said for two other SEC contests that are no longer on the schedule.LSUs game at Florida was postponed Wednesday when it was announced that 21 Florida players had tested positive, meaning the school would have fewer than 50 scholarship players available when adding in everyone who came into contact with the infected players and isnow in quarantine. (Christine Brennan, 10/14)
Los Angeles Times:Want To Reopen California? Keep Coronavirus Out Of Poor Areasn Monterey County, 26% of the countys COVID-19 cases are in East Salinas, a largely Latino community of farmworkers, service employees and others living in crowded conditions as they work on the pandemic front lines. Its a very different story in the countys wealthy seaside communities, including Monterey, Carmel and Pacific Grove. Combined, these locales have a population that slightly exceeds that of East Salinas but they have only about 2% of the countys coronavirus cases. (Angele Glover Blackwell and Manuel Pastor, 10/14)
Boston Globe:The Affordable Care Act And Coverage For Massachusetts Residents Is At RiskDave was laid off from his hotel job in March due to the coronavirus pandemic, and he lost his health insurance too. A week later, he was rushed to the emergency room with a lung problem. With support from an enrollment assister, he was able to enroll in MassHealth coverage that was made possible because of the Affordable Care Act, better known as Obamacare. He is just one of the hundreds of thousands of Massachusetts residents given a lifeline by the ACA. (Elizabeth Warren, Amy Rosenthal, and Kate Walsh, 10/14)
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