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The Evolutionary Perspective
Daily Archives: October 27, 2020
Posted: October 27, 2020 at 11:07 pm
ProjectResolute has been a chess fan since he was a kid. He now enjoys playing on chess (dot) com and various computer chess programs.
These chess engines are super powerful! You'll love these!
Chess engines are a great tool to have. Whether they are used for analyzing games, accurately converting a large advantage into a win, studying openings, or watching cyber chess warfare, if they are used correctly, they can help any chess player improve.
Any avid chess player can and should download at least one strong chess engine. However, there are thousands of engines out there and not all of them are created equal. Some of them have a fairly good rating on various chess engine rating lists, but they dont function well. Some have various problems such as the inability to set search depth, searches longer than the set time limit, or crashes every now and then.
This can be a pain, although most engines that have these issues are free for anyone to download. To avoid this potential frustration, Ive decided to make a list of the five best free chess engines. These engines all follow the Universal Chess Interface protocol (UCI for short), and can be used in any UCI-compatible chess program.
All of these engines are 100% functional and have quite a few configurations to play with. They are also all extremely strong, although some can be set to play at a more human level, too. Please note that the rating given to these UCI chess engines arent mine, but I get them from a 3rd-party source, which tests hundreds of chess engines and apply a rating to them. The link above will take you to the rating list I used for this article.
Okay, Ive blabbered around long enough! Lets continue to see what some of the best free chess engines are.
Stockfish is the strongest free chess engine. Stockfish 7, the latest version as of this moment of writing, has a rating of 3339. Although computer rating lists and official rating lists dont necessarily match up, it is easy to say that Stockfish 7 is well beyond the skill of any grandmaster. It is also about 40 points above the next best chess engine!
The main co-authors of this engine are Tord Romstad, Marco Costalba, Joona Kiiski, and Gary Linscott. It must be noted that although these four are the main developers, this engine is open-sourced and thus was developed by a whole community of people. It is licensed under GPLv3, which basically means you can share to anybody, sell it as part of a larger project, and change the source code, as long as you either point back to where you got it, or supply the original source code.
The Stockfish project is actually a fork off of a chess engine called Glaurung, which is also open-sourced. People gradually started moving to stockfish, until finally Glaurung was abandoned altogether. It is interesting to note that the Glaurung chess engines rating is 2902, so Stockfish has improved upon its predecessor by 430 rating points.
Stockfish has several interesting configurations; the most noticeable in my opinion is the ability to scale down the skill level, so an average human can beat it. It has 21 different playing levels, and at level 0, although I have to think, I can beat it.
Another configuration that caught my eye is contempt. This setting is to make it play more risky moves. A setting of zero is default and considered neutral, a positive number up to 100 is more aggressive setting, and a setting of below zero up to -100, it will play for a draw.
While Stockfish is undeniably a strong engine, it is not the strongest. There is one engine that is stronger than stockfish according to most rating lists.
Komodo chess engine is actually the strongest chess engine in the world. The reason why it isnt first place in the list is because the latest version isnt free. The most recent version of this engine is Komodo 10.1, which costs $59.96. This version has a current rating of 3379, which is 40 points above its archenemy, Stockfish.
However, with every new version of Komodo that is unveiled, there also becomes a past version available for free. Currently, Komodo 8 is available without charge, and this version has a rating of 3296. The free version is about 40 points below Stockfish 7 and 80 points below Komodo 10.1. So even with Komodo 8, youre going to have a world-class chess engine.
The thing I wish Komodo would have but doesnt is a setting to weaken its play. This is true for all versions. It is a minor inconvenience though because I mostly use UCI chess engines for game analysis, and if I want to, I can still limit its skill by search depth, which when set to one ply, plays quite stupidly.
Komodo 8 does have a configuration to control its aggressiveness, called draw score. The default setting is -7, and if you set it lower, (i.e. -15) it will play more aggressively, and if higher, it will try to play for a draw more often.
So, although the free Komodo chess engine isnt quite as strong as Stockfish 7, I cant think of a reason why one wouldnt want to take time and download the chess engine. In fact, I bought the engine back when it was the latest and the greatest, and although it was a while back, its still among the strongest.
The Andscacs chess engine was first released in September of 2013. Since then, its only grown in strength. Its current release, Andscacs 0.872, has a rating of 3211 according to CCRL and has participated in stage 3 of season 9, where it came in 5th place.
The creator of this chess engine, Daniel Jos Queralt, lives in the country Andorra. Hence the name of the engine, Andscacs, And for his country, scacs for the Catalan word escacs, meaning chess. Daniel got his inspiration for creating this chess engine from a variety of open-source engines such as Stockfish and Gull.
Unfortunately, this chess engine is no longer available for download. That said this article is long overdue for an update, and I will do so very soon.
Fire is another one of the top free chess engines. Originally called Firebird, this chess engine is usually among the top 10 in many rating lists. It's debatable whether Fire or Andscacs is the better engine since they are within 10 points difference in the CCRL rating list.
It originally started out as an open-source project, but later the code became closed. However, there is a fork off of fire 2.2, which has been rename Firenzina, which is still open-sourced. When the Fire chess engine became closed, the code was completely rewritten and doesn't contain any code from the chess engine Ippolit, as the original open-source version did.
The Houdini chess engine is a very popular chess engine even though it is a distant 3rd place on most chess engine rating lists. Houdini 4 is the most recent version and it has a rating of 3255 on CCRL. It is a 3 time champion in the TCEC tournaments, which is considered by many to be the world computer chess championship. Only Komodo holds as many titles.
Rumor has it that Houdini 5 will be released for the final stages of TCEC season 9. Houdini 4 improved upon its predecessor by approximately 50 elo points. Will this Houdini 5 have a rating of around 3300? Were going to have to wait and see. I personally have my doubts, since at the moment Im writing this, Stage 3 of season 9 is already under way, and theres no sign of Houdini 5 as of yet.
Whether or not a new version will ever be released, the free Houdini chess engine is also very strong. With a rating of 3197, Houdini 1.5a is a chess engine that a human will never stand a chance at winning. Whats more is that Houdini has an interesting style of play. Many chess players have remarked that this chess engine has a very romantic style of play, similar to such players like Paul Morphy and Mikhail Tal.
Rybka Chess Logo
I know that the Rybka chess engine is fairly outdated. Rybka 4, the last release, has a rating of 3160. This is around 30 points lower than the free version of Houdini! However, the latest release is still available for sale on Amazon & Chessbase. On Amazon, the engine costs about $50 and on Chessbase it costs a whopping $90.75! Even the latest version of Komodos cheaper!
Thankfully, theres a free version too Rybka 2.3.2a which has a relatively minuscule rating of 3024. So, why am I recommending this engine as one that every chess player should have? Because of a configuration that I think is quite handy! You can set the rating at which it works. With a range of 1200 to 2400, the lower one sets this rating the more mistakes they make.
The rating will not match up with a Fide rating though, so dont go into a tournament saying that you have a rating of 1300 because you beat Rybka at that rating. That said, if you win a game at 1200, your rating will likely be higher than this. I have trouble defeating it at this level, and my rating on chess.com is around 1600!
Thus ends my listing of some of the best free chess engines. Although the article is now drawing to a close, I encourage you to check back, since Im planning on adding more engines to this page.
Sorrowdy on April 24, 2020:
And where is Raubfisch? According my engine tournaments it is the best engine ever. And it's also free.
noob on March 10, 2020:
It's 2020 and this article makes zero mention of the new Neural Network engines Lc0, Leelenstein, Stoofvlees, all of which are significantly better than every engine above except Stockfish.
Chess Player on February 25, 2018:
Thanks! Good Job for the Source!
Erik on November 26, 2017:
Thanks, good job. Nice would be comparing chess GUIs, too.
Really? on October 27, 2017:
Check your spelling and grammar. Nothing added here beyond a rating list and some nonsense. You can find actual reviews elsewhere online, and links that aren't "hard to find." A chess "fan," really? Not a player, a fan? lol
ciarli on September 29, 2017:
what about 'demon' engine! I heard that it is prohibited because he can make any move and win again and is insulting Godmaster way of thinking!
Md. Shahinur Islam on August 30, 2017:
Whats the position of Chessmaster & Fritz in terms of ratings??
Reign Tibudan on July 27, 2017:
Thank you, you are so helpful
Kainoa Thomas Henao on May 24, 2017:
Hal on April 01, 2017:
Thank you.. 🙂
Thomas on October 23, 2016:
Very nice and competent review of the best chess programs - thanks! I wonder, however, if the new version of Houdini is not even stronger given it's current performance in TCEC Rapid - perhaps 100 -150 Elo points over version 4? Anyway - we'll see in the TCEC Super Final! Best Regards Thomas
Read this article:
Posted: at 11:06 pm
By Marc J. Rauch Exec. Vice President/Co-Publisher THE AUTO CHANNEL
I mention all this about Paul and Joe because as good as they are at being "car guys," they represent the overwhelming majority of people in the auto industry, they mirror the typical interests of the public. From the top to the bottom, from the influencers to the consumers, people like Paul and Joe are the hearts and minds of the automotive world. Their understanding and appreciation of ethanol fuel represents the automotive marketplace's level of understanding and appreciation of ethanol fuel. For those who may have forgotten, this is where the battleground for the ethanol fuel industry lies. You lose here, you lose everywhere. Sadly, the ethanol industry has done very poorly; there is no momentum.
This past Friday, Paul's website published a story written by Joe regarding the 2nd Presidential Debate that took place the evening prior. The article "Biden, Trump Clash about Energy in Debate," centered on those issues related to energy, which are logically most relevant to his website (as they are to THE AUTO CHANNEL).
In reply to the article - and in effect, to the debate itself - my business partner Bob Gordon posted a comment that questioned why ethanol was not included (considered) in the article or in the debate, as it should be because ethanol is the only available, proven, and safe alternative engine fuel, and it's 100% domestically produced. Specifically, Bob wrote:
Bob also appended a link to a story that was published on TheAutoChannel.com just three days prior: "Any Meaningful Electric Vehicle Ecological Benefit Wont Happen Until All Of Us Are Dead But Instant Benefit Can Come From Using Green American Flex-Fuel Now!"
Paul Eisenstein replied to Bob's posted comment. He wrote:
"Ethanol is the fuel of the future and always will be, Bob. We saw the industry push it during the first years of the new millennium and it went nowhere. If corn-based, it turns out, the environmental advantages are questionable, at best. It also has helped drive up food prices because of the impact on corn costs."
I had also read the Joe Szczesny story, and then Bob's post, and Paul's reply - which struck an interesting, all-too-true, sarcastic tone. Since Paul jumped into the exchange, I now did so, too. I replied to Paul's comment:
"Ethanol will always be just the fuel of the future as long as incorrect information about it is allowed to continue being circulated.
"Corn prices right now are only about as high as they were in Dec. 74/Jan. 75, which was well before the expanded use of ethanol fuel and the RFS program. In May of 2020, corn prices were just about the same level they were in late 1947.SEE: Historical Corn Prices (graphs)
"There were some high corn price spikes about 12 years ago which resulted in an erroneous World Bank story that blamed increased food prices on the price of corn. This story was the basis for the spread of the myth about ethanol production causing the rise in food prices. However, two years later the World Bank retracted the story and correctly laid the blame on higher food prices on the tremendous spike in petroleum oil. The World Bank has since reiterated this correction on the corn/food prices story on at least two occasions. SEE: World Bank Study Debunks Food vs. Fuel Myth
"A $4.00 box of corn flakes has between a nickel and a dimes worth of corn in it. So even if corn prices tripled it would have minimal effect on the overall price of any food. The price spikes on corn at any time during the last dozen years are largely attributable to commodity investor speculation.
"Regarding environmental advantages, the only questions come from people who dont know what theyre talking about. In every imaginable way ethanol is cleaner, healthier and safer than petroleum oil fuels. And if you compare a flex fuel vehicle running on E85 with a fully electric vehicle, when you take into account the GHG emissions created in generating the electricity and the production of the batteries, the two vehicles are roughly equal in GHG emissions.
"There are arguments that ethanol corn crops require too much water, land, and fertilizer. However, less water, land and fertilizer is used to grow corn today than at many times in the past 80 years, and yet the yield per acre, per annum is far greater than ever before. If the lies and misinformation about ethanol could be stopped and the demand for ethanol be allowed to increase, then the economics of ethanol would dramatically improve. "
A couple of hours later, in response to my post, Paul countered with:
I liked Paul's reply. I liked his reply, first and foremost, simply because he allowed my response to be posted on his comments section and then actually replied to it (something that doesn't always happen). I also liked his reply because it meant the "chess game" was on (I haven't played real chess in decades but I consider literary exchanges to be like playing remote chess).
Since my Sunday was shaping up to be a quiet day - outside of a dozen different "honey-do" obligations, I was happy for the diversion. The following is my response to Paul's reply to my post that was made to respond to his observation of Bob's comments about Joe's story....
Thanks for your reply and the list of links. Your links and their respective authors prove my statement that only "People who don't know what they're talking about" question the advantages of ethanol. I say this despite their professional and academic credentials.
Over the past decade and a half, I've already engaged some of the authors and reports contained in the links you suggested. Some of these engagements are included in my book "THE ETHANOL PAPERS," which was published online nearly two years ago, and then in print about a year ago. Where possible, I will respond one-by-one using links to my full individual replies as I originally wrote and published them. In the instances where I hadn't previously encountered the author or link I will provide specific responses.
I'll start with your first link (an article written by Carlisle Ford Runge for the Yale.edu website) and then your very last link to the James Conca editorial published on Forbes.com. They seem to be your heaviest hitters by virtue of their affiliation with Yale and Forbes, respectively.
My rebuttal to Mr. Runge is part of this editorial: The Case Against Ethanol Opponents: They Are Simply Incorrect
As for the 2014 James Conca/Forbes.com article, it was a laugh riot, a virtual comedy of errors. If you visit the link today, you'll see at the bottom of Mr. Conca's article his thanks to Commenters for pointing out errors in his story. There were many. Forbes.com used to have a "comments section" but they did away with it. Unfortunately, the deletion of the comments section means you can't see all of the errors that readers pointed out. However, using Waybackmachine.com I was able to retrieve one archived page of the many pages of comments that the story generated. This will give you a sense of the errors that Mr. Conca made: https://web.archive.org/web/20150623063842/http://www.forbes.com/sites/jamesconca/2014/04/20/its-final-corn-ethanol-is-of-no-use/2/.
My personal rebuttal to Mr. Conca and Forbes.com, which had been published on the Forbes.com blog is no longer available to be seen. But I still have my original copy of what I posted on their blog more than five years ago; it's as follows:
"Let me begin with Mr. Conca's reference to The International Institute for Sustainable Development's claim that the CO2 and climate benefits from replacing petroleum fuels with biofuels like ethanol are basically zero, and that it would be almost 100 times more effective, and much less costly, to significantly reduce vehicle emissions through more stringent standards, and to increase CAFE standards.
"The IISD's claim might be a true statement, but the reason that MPG fuel economy has been so traditionally low, and harmful vehicle emissions so high, is because of the collusion between the oil industry and the automobile manufacturers to squeeze consumers for as much fuel money as possible, while doing everything possible to resist making changes to tetraethyl-lead and MTBE-laden gasolines.
"If we had an auto industry that was not benefitting (in fact, they were partnering) from the excessive use of gasoline, the automakers would have long ago produced vehicles that were capable of using less fuel that causes such voluminous harmful emissions. I consider this segment of Mr. Conca's article to be a good example of misinformation.
"Mr. Conca goes on to examine, "...Where is the U.S. today in corn ethanol space?" He writes, "In 2000, over 90% of the U.S. corn crop went to feed people and livestock, many in undeveloped countries, with less than 5% used to produce ethanol. In 2013, however, 40% went to produce ethanol, 45% was used to feed livestock, and only 15% was used for food and beverage." This complaint is simply sleight-of-hand; three-card monte; the old shell game.
"Let's look at how this works out: In 2000, U.S. corn production was 251,854 metric tons. According to Mr. Conca's figures, this means that 226,668 MT went to feed people and livestock. Please note that Mr. Conca has combined the human and livestock figure. In 2013, U.S. corn production is estimated to be 353,715 metric tons. For some unexplained reason, for 2013 Mr. Conca breaks up the use of corn into two categories (livestock food and human food, 45% and 15%, respectively). However, when you combine the two categories they amount to 60%. This means that 212,229 MT went to feed people and livestock; nearly the same total amount in 2013 as it was in 2000. So while Mr. Conca was obviously trying to present a horrific factoid to support his pejorative headline, he was engaging in deceit by making it seem like there was a great change in usage. The above corn production numbers come from the US Dept of Agriculture. http://www.indexmundi.com/agriculture/?country=us&commodity=corn&graph=production.
"Clearly, more corn went to ethanol production, but it was because since 2000 there has been a greater demand for ethanol and our American farmers were capable of ramping up to meet that demand - while also earning more money...without forcing humans or animals into starvation. I agree that the amount of corn available in 2013 for humans and animals was less than 2000, but the difference was marginal. In short, can you recall any point in 2013 when you couldn't find enough corn to eat at your local grocery store?
"As for Mr. Conca's comment about people in undeveloped countries; people in undeveloped countries don't eat corn on the cob or corn niblets like we do, so any short fall of U.S. corn production had no serious effect on them.
"Moreover, there's a great problem with our supplying free or very inexpensive corn to undeveloped countries for livestock feed; it tends to force their own farmers out of business because they can't compete with the free/cheap corn they get from us. There's an old saying that "If you give a person a fish, he eats for a day; but if you teach him to fish, he will eat everyday." Putting their farmers out of business means that they must continue to rely on others rather than ever becoming self-sufficient. And their relying on our food costs us American taxpayers. As an American taxpayer, I am not happy to be paying for their food, their medicine, and their defense in addition to paying too much for poison gasoline.
"Mr. Conca also states, "We should remember that humans originally switched from biomass to fossil fuels because biomass was so inefficient, and took so much energy and space to produce." This is a lie - it might be an unintentional lie because he simply doesn't know the truth, but it's a lie. We did not switch to fossil fuels because biomass fuels were so inefficient and required too so much energy and space to produce. For example, Americans switched from alcohol to kerosene for indoor heating and light because the tax on alcohol (to finance the Civil War) was so great that people were forced to use stinky, black-smoke producing kerosene.
"Furthermore, alcohol (ethanol) was always considered by the automobile pioneers to be the superior more-efficient fuel. Until the FREE ALCOHOL ACT of 1906, gasoline had a significant price advantage over ethanol, but the poor efficiency of gasoline restricted gasoline engines to slow speeds and under-nourished horsepower. From 1906 until Prohibition, ethanol was approximately the same price as gasoline, and because it could be used in higher compression engines, automobile manufacturers like Henry Ford were building ethanol-only or bi-fuel engines that could be adjusted according to fuel availability. Early race car drivers preferred ethanol over gasoline.
"Once Prohibition became the law of the land, the issue was moot since all alcohol production was illegal. We were forced to buy John Rockefeller's junk fuel, and in order to mimic the natural anti-knock characteristics of ethanol, the poisonous tetraethyl-lead was added to gasoline. America then had to put up with several decades of being forced to use inferior fossil fuels, being told lies about the dangers of leaded gasoline.
"Mr. Conca brings up other issues such as high water usage and the problems with over-fertilization of land (and the water run-off). Gasoline production requires almost as much water as ethanol production, and many of the problems associated with water run-off are caused by fertilization used on golf courses, corporate and educational campuses, and residential lawns and gardens."
As usual, I had emailed my response to James Conca. He's never replied.
Paul, moving down your list of citations you present a 2009 article from Wired.com, written by Chuck Squatriglia, titled "Another Argument Against Ethanol." This is a terribly misleading and incorrect article for a couple of reasons. The first is that the title makes it seem as if the writer or Wired.com had previously published one or more stories against ethanol, or that there are an unlimited number of arguments against ethanol. But in reviewing the author's previous editorials there doesn't appear to be any indication that he had ever published any previous "Argument Against Ethanol." Consequently, labeling this article isn't "another argument," it's his first argument.
The second problem with the Wired.com article is that it is just a story about someone else's story. The writer, Chuck Squatriglia, only made reference to an article written by Ed Wallace for BusinessWeek and then added a reply from Growth Energy (an ethanol advocacy group). Moreover, Growth Energy's reply largely rebuts Ed Wallace's negative comments. So in reality, including this link in your list of citations is worthless because the Growth Energy rebuttal defeats the article's negative comments. It makes me think that you didn't fully read this Wired.com story and consider its potential value in rebutting my earlier comments.
The third problem is that Ed Wallace's BusinessWeek story was nonsense. In 2015, after I replied to a different nonsensical article regarding Jay Leno and his sudden dislike for ethanol-gasoline blends (after being a fan of ethanol-gasoline blends), I received an email from a reader named Max Macke who challenged me by citing this same 2009 Ed Wallace story - this Wallace story was titled "The Great Ethanol Scam". My reply to the reader, and BusinessWeek, and directly to Ed Wallace in an email to him, was:
"Ed Wallace's article is disparaging and demeaning the corn ethanol industry by relying on information that is either out-of-date or was never correct at any time. He engages in fear mongering by relating anecdotal stories that are unlikely to have ever been true and he uses at least one situation that would have been impossible to have been true.
"For example, in trying to describe how ethanol damages vehicle engines, this article refers back to a previous article he wrote in which he states that an Exxon station in Texas mistakenly filled a customer's flex-fuel vehicle with 100% pure ethanol. Mr. Wallace says that it wasn't Exxon's fault, that it was the fault of the distribution center. However, regardless of who was at fault, where did this mythical 100% pure ethanol come from? Basically speaking, just as there is no such thing as 100% pure gasoline (gasoline is not one substance but the combination of many, which includes substances like tetraethyl lead or MTBE or other "aromatics" that are not in-and-of themselves an engine fuel), there is no 100% pure ethanol outside of a specialized laboratory. At the very most, the distribution center would have had denatured alcohol (ethanol) which is not 100% pure ethanol. You could argue that this is a very minor discrepancy, but it is still an exaggeration that was invented to instill fear and distrust in ethanol.
"In any event, for this distribution center to have shipped out a very high-level denatured alcohol that exceeded E85, the worst thing that Mr. Wallace was able to report was that the vehicle didn't start. If an engine doesn't start that doesn't mean that the engine was damaged. In all likelihood, if the engine didn't start it didn't start because the onboard computer didn't recognize the fuel and it stopped the vehicle from starting. In other words, the vehicle's onboard computer did what it was supposed to do. If water or diesel or Coca-Cola was mistakenly pumped into the fuel tank the engine would also have not started. I'm not saying that putting water, diesel or Coke in your gasoline fuel tank is a good idea, but it's a long way from making the kind of destructive claims that he makes about ethanol.
"Mr. Wallace refers to the Pimentel-Patzek study that claims it takes more energy to make ethanol then the ethanol puts out. This study was never correct; it used preposterous assumptions to create an exaggerated scenario. Even Patzek's home university (at the time) UC Berkley did a later study in which they found the Pimentel/Patzek study to be wrong. Incidentally, Mr. Wallace published his two articles in 2009 and 2010. The UC Berkley study that corrected Pimentel-Patzek was done in 2006. So the information was there if Mr. Wallace wanted it, but he obviously didn't want correct information.
"Ed Wallace is supposed to be a car guy with many, many years of experience. He quotes mileage reduction statistics that are wrong. I think that he would have done what I've done over the years, and that is to actually try putting E85 in a car and see what happens. Apparently he has never done this. I'm not surprised, because I've found that very few automotive journalists have tried this. Those that have always (to my knowledge) reported that the mileage loss is no where as great as those suggested by new vehicle Monroney stickers or manufacturer handbooks. Why is this you ask? There are at least three reasons: First, Monroney MPG statistics are often wrong, even when just referring to gasoline. Second, the gasoline used to make the MPG estimates is often different than the actual gasoline you buy at a retail filling station. Third, when dealing with flex-fuel estimates, the estimates are not necessarily based upon actual on-road performance, but based upon an on-paper BTU calculation. The problem with this is that BTU rating is irrelevant when dealing with an internal combustion engine. Ethanol does indeed have a lower BTU rating than gasoline. However, a gasoline-powered engine will deliver more miles with gasoline fuel (as compared to using an ethanol fuel) because the engine is optimized to run on gasoline. The same engine optimized to run on ethanol will deliver the same or more miles when run on ethanol. While diesel fuel has a higher BTU rating than gasoline, and it is derived from the same petroleum oil as gasoline, it will deliver far fewer miles if you tried using it in a gasoline-powered engine (in fact, the engine might not even start)."
Ed Wallace never replied to me, BusinessWeek never replied, and the reader (Max Macke) disappeared. Unfortunately, the negative story and the wrong impressions it made are still there.
Next up on your list, Paul, is a link to a 2016 NPR story titled "The Shocking Truth About America's Ethanol Law: It Doesn't Matter (For Now)." The writer, Dan Charles, begins his article with what he says is a riddle that's bothered him for years: "Suppose somebody yanked away the law that currently props up the nation's ethanol industry, as Cruz has proposed. What would actually happen?"
Mr. Charles goes off in search of someone to answer the riddle. He finds two different someones and he gets the same very simple answer that comes down to: "If the law changed tomorrow and gasoline companies were free to ignore ethanol, they'd almost certainly keep right on blending ethanol into their fuel."
The reason given for this answer is a one word answer: "octane." Ethanol provides the octane boost that's needed to prevent engine damage from "knocking."
The simple answer to the great conundrum that puzzled Dan Charles for so many years is actually a bit more complex and also very ironic to the entire issue before us. As I'm sure you know, Paul, there are other ingredients that could be used to increase the octane level of gasoline, such as additional aromatics (benzene, toluene, xylene, etc.). So why would the gasoline companies still go outside of their own community to get an octane booster like ethanol? That answer is because ethanol is cleaner, safer, healthier and less expensive than anything else. Therefore, this one article that you cited to bash ethanol actually goes a long way to dispel the primary negative comment you made about ethanol's "questionable" environmental advantages.
Mr. Charles' NPR story goes on to include information from author/spokesman Robert Bryce. Next to David Pimentel and Tad Patzek, Robert Bryce is the most notorious slinger of anti-ethanol bullshit. Robert Bryce wrote and published "Gusher Of Lies: The Dangerous Delusions Of Energy Independence" in 2009. Despite the fact that Mr. Bryce had no real background in energy and alternative solutions, the book became highly heralded and it propelled him into a starring role as a slayer of alternative fuel monsters. In 2013, I wrote and published a review/rebuttal to "Gusher Of Lies." My review/rebuttal to his book was nearly 70 pages long. That's how much he got wrong. It took me almost 70 pages to correct the garbage contained in his book, and I didn't even address his chapters on natural gas, nuclear power, and solar (which comprised roughly 40% of his book).
In the seven years since I published my rebuttal to "Gusher Of Lies," Mr. Bryce only ever responded to me once, and that was just after I sent him the link to where my review could be read. His immediate reply was "Thank you." I laughed and thought to myself "After he reads my review I hope he remembers that he thanked me."
Since then he's had plenty of time to read it, respond, challenge me, and even sue me for libel/slander if he believed I had mischaracterized him or what he wrote; but he has never done so. The most egregious part of all this is that in the years subsequent to publishing "Gusher Of Lies," whenever Mr. Bryce makes an appearance and discusses the subject of the book, he relies on the same bad and/or outdated information that rendered his book rubbish in the first place. My review/rebuttal of "Gusher Of Lies" can be found by CLICKING HERE.
Your next link is to a story posted by SEMA Action Network (part of Specialty Equipment Market Association). It is merely a reiteration of numerous lies and myths invented by API starting in the 1920's. It's wildly irresponsible of them to post this story, but I assume they did so because of sponsorships and funding they receive from oil industry entities and affiliates. They should be ashamed of publishing it as it makes them out to be devoid of any in-depth knowledge of the history of automobiles and internal combustion engines. Many of my individual alternative fuel editorials destroy their accusations and innuendoes. There is no indication of who specifically wrote their story, but I'd be willing to travel anywhere to debate any single person or team of their people in live public event. By the way, last summer I engaged in an online debate with Michael Lynch (considered to be an energy expert). It was moderated by Robert Bradley (who is also considered an energy expert). Links to the 2-part debate can be found by CLICKING HERE.
Your very next link goes to a November 2019 story on TheAtlantic.com written by Frank Loyola, titled "Stop The Ethanol Madness." A couple of days after that story was published, I wrote and published a rebuttal titled "Stop the Anti-Ethanol Ridiculousness." You can find it by CLICKING HERE.
Paul, the last item on your list is a link to a chapter of the "Workshop Summary - Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine..." It sure sounds very impressive.
While the summary (and I presume the entire roundtable) dances around true factual information, it veers off into fantasy for what appears to make the entire event just a tool for pushing an erroneous extreme green agenda.
For instance, under CASE STUDIES, the summary addresses the "ethical issues stemming from corn ethanol production in the United States...on food prices and food security." This is the old food vs. fuel argument.
In my initial reply to you, Paul, I covered the issue of "food vs. fuel." I described how the issue first took flight (from an incorrect report published by The World Bank), soared through the rarified air of the global media because of API financial support, and then crash landed two years later after The World Bank retracted the conclusions of the report (sadly, the crash was rather silent as the media chose not to make as big a fuss of the correction as they did of the original faulty claim).
By the time that this summary of the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine was being prepared for publication, it had already been publicly known for at least four years that The World Bank report on food vs. fuel was wrong. Incidentally, in the summer of 2010, I delivered a presentation at the American Coalition of Ethanol national conference that included details and links to The World Bank retraction.
There is no excuse for the august body that staged the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine to not have had access to the same information I had years earlier. And if they had it, then it means they intentionally hid it from their audience because it didn't fit their agenda.
The CASE STUDIES section goes on to state that Alena Buyx, a senior research associate at the School of Public Policy at University College London, noted that "some calculations show that biofuels production actually makes the greenhouse gas problem worse than simply using gasoline." Indeed, some calculations, such as the debunked calculations presented in Pimental-Patzek studies do show this. In the absence of any referenced research information indicating otherwise, I'll presume that Ms. Buyx was relying on some form of the Pimentel-Patzek misinformation as the basis of her comments.
More contemporary ethanol bashers like Mark Jacobson, a professor at Stanford University, claim that biofuel (ethanol) production makes the GHG problem worse than using gasoline. Ms. Buyx was wrong and Professor Jacobson is wrong. Continuous credible studies from universities and government laboratories over the years show that ethanol is significantly cleaner than gasoline.
Another part of the CASE STUDIES section looks at Brazil and the near universal panic that has ensued over the destruction of the country's critical rain forests in order to turn them into sugar cane crop fields. The problem with this near universal panic is that sugar cane is cultivated in the central and southern areas of Brazil, while the Amazon rain forest is located in the north-western area of Brazil. This issue, like most of the extreme green and AGW positions are wild exaggerations that don't deserve consideration or panic. SEE:
An environmental policy writer named Michael Shellenberger (a Time Magazine "Hero of the Environment") recently published a book titled "Apocalypse Never." On pages 29-31, he describes how photographs and films of cleared crop fields in the south are used to fraudulently present worrisome imagery of rain forest deforestation.
The Workshop Summary refocuses on the United States with concerns over water and land issues, presenting the case that too much land and water is used to grow ethanol crops. In fact, in the years since the adoption of the Renewable Fuel Standard, water and land usage for corn crops has been at the same or lower levels than in the years leading up to the passage of the RFS program and increased national use of ethanol-gasoline blends. Regardless of the reduced amount of land and water, there have been enormous increases in corn yield. The increases are due to improvements in farming techniques, not wasteful natural resource usage. SEE:
The Workshop Summary includes an exhaustive amount of additional information designed to beat down the advantages and benefits of biofuels. The summary includes events and circumstances in Malaysia, Columbia, and other parts of Latin America. It would be virtually impossible for me or almost anyone else to deflate each and every instance set forth in a timely manner. Fortunately, I don't have to expend that much effort because even if some or all of the disturbing instances are correct, they are not anywhere near as horrendous as the societal, health, and safety disasters caused by the petroleum oil industry. Furthermore, in many instances the growing of ethanol crops isn't even as environmentally damaging as the total effects caused by the creation and deployment of wind generators and solar farms, or in the mining and production of elements and materials needed to produce batteries and electric vehicles.
The bottom line is that ethanol fuel represents the most efficient and economical solution to the world's energy problems, and it is available right now. Ethanol shouldn't be thought of as "the fuel of the future," it should be "The Fuel of Today That Meets the Needs of Tomorrow!"
With this in mind, I present you with one more editorial to be considered: "Ethanol is the SAVIOR of the Oil Industry, Convenience Store Industry, Automotive Supply Chain Industry and Much More!".
*NEAT - National Ethanol Action Team - a subsidiary of The Auto Channel.com
Posted: at 11:06 pm
The Star Wars Universe is incredibly rich in its lore. While Disney attempted to demote the Extended Universe to Legends, most invested fans still hold the pre-2012 tales, activities, and characters in high regard. Across the incredibly diverse galaxy, there are several games and sports enjoyed by the masses although, mostly by smugglers and ruffians which allow fans to get a more in-depth look at the cultures at play away from the space battles.
In some way, many of them derive from games enjoyed in our world, with a twist put on them to suit the Star Wars Universe. While we cant enjoy the true forms of these sources of entertainment from a galaxy far, far away, there are other ways to experience them and the source material.
One of the most memorable moments of the prequel trilogy was the booming pod race at Mos Espa on Tatooine. The tiny pods propelled by massive engines made for quite the spectacle, especially as, in the race shown, so many racers crashed from a mix of underhandracing, environment obstacles, and even Tusken Raiders.
The races were much-watch entertainment, drawing in beings from across the planet to see the high-speed action unfold, as well as celebrities like the Hutt crime syndicate. Some of those in attendance had invested in racers, others were there just for the sport, and several of the fans packing the stands would be placing bets on the race.
In our world, Pod Racing will never become a reality, both due to the technology required and the necessary health and safety regulations that would come into play. While we do have the fast-paced Formula One and Formula E racing, the best way to enjoy the battles of a pod race is in the Star Wars Episode I: Pod Racer game. A classic of the N64 era in the late 90s, the game has been excellently upgraded for the Nintendo Switch and PlayStation 4.
Card games are famously played across the galaxy, often at very high stakes. Enjoyed by smugglers and natural gamblers, cards were a way for the most oversized egos to earn status, flex their sleight of hand skills, and win their opponents most prized possessions.
The most famous of these is Sabacc: a 76-card deck game in which the aim is to get as close to a 23-value hand without exceeding that value. Sabacc is the game that saw Han Solo win the Millennium Falcon from Lando Calrissian. There was also the ancient game of Pazaak, which was played in the era of the Old Republic. It, too, was a game of reaching a value without exceeding it, in this case being 20, and was described as being easy to learn by very hard to master.
While the games themselves played a bit more like poker due to their player-versus-player nature, as they were card games that are easy to learn but hard to master, with the aim of hitting a set number, Sabacc and Pazaak clearly derive from blackjack. Blackjack is still widely available today, being found at the online casinos with the highest-rated welcome bonuseslike Sloty, still being among the most popular mobile games. Or, if you have an Xbox One, you can play Knights of the Old Republic II, which has a Pazaak mini-game, through the backward compatibility program.
Onboard the Millennium Falcon and throughout homes, Dejarik was one of the most popular games in the galaxy, rising to prominence well before the Clone Wars. The black and white circular game table featured three rings with alternating black and white segments, on which players would battle holographic monsters.
In chess, the pieces have different movements, and any piece can defeat another, but in Dejarik, each monster has its own attack, health, range, and movement rating. As such, chess doesnt really relate to the Star Wars game. However, the game can still be enjoyed, provided that you have a Lenovo Mirage AR headset, with the Star Wars: Jedi Challenges app featuring the full tactical game of Holochess.
Whether it be the pod racing, Sabacc, Pazaak, or Dejarik, theres a way to experience the thrills of these Star Wars games right here.
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Baleria Caribbean to Resume Passenger Sailings Between Port Everglades and the Bahamas – South Florida Caribbean News
Posted: at 11:05 pm
Baleria Caribbean JAUME II
SOUTH FLORIDA South Florida based ferry company,Baleria Caribbean, has announced that it will take the first step towards resuming their passenger services between Port Everglades (Fort Lauderdale) and the Bahamas by launching their first sailingon November 5th, 2020.
Under phase one, the company has announced it will operate passenger sailings once a week to Freeport (on Thursdays), Grand Bahama Island.The new passenger sailing will coincide with the already established cargo route.
The company is aware that the future addition of sailings to Freeport, Grand Bahama, and the reopening of their Bimini route depend primarily on this first steps success which is why they have expressed not only excitement and optimism, but that they are approaching this second reopen attempt with extreme caution.
The historic movement towards the restoration of the sea-based international travel market includes a new temporary itinerary.
The new itinerary will have the Jaume II sail out of Port Everglades at 8 A.M. and out of Freeport, Grand Bahama, at 4 P.M; additional details can be found on the companys website.
Baleria Caribbean would also like to reassure passengers that they will continue to follow strict safety and sanitation protocols to ensure that their passengers have a safe transit. The company has been certified by the international entity Bureau Veritas with the Global Safe Site COVID-19 certificate.
Baleria Group is the first shipping company in operation to hold such a high level of safety certification. The use of face masks/coverings will be mandatory during the duration of the travel process for both passengers and staff members. Plexiglass dividers on every seat and common areas have added additional layers of safety.
Other measures implemented by the transportation company include temperature scanning for each passenger before boarding and easy access to sanitizer dispensers in the terminals and aboard the vessel.
To facilitate social distancing, the shipping company has vowed to reduce passenger capacity by 40% temporarily. Last but certainly not least, the ship and terminals will undergo a deep and extensive sanitation process before, during, and after each sailing.
Baleria Caribbean would like to remind its future passengers that they will continue to work closely with the United States and Bahamas Government to follow all of the latest travel guidelines. They recommend that all passengers verify all current travel requirements with the corresponding countries involved before making their travel arrangements.
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Central Bank Digital Currency: The First Nationwide CBDC In The World Has Been Launched By The Bahamas – Forbes
Posted: at 11:05 pm
Why is the Bahamas called the Bahamas? The Bahamas is an archipelago consisting of 700 islands scattered across a vast expanse of ocean; more than 470k square kilometers. Hence the plural. The name Ba Ha Ma could have originated in the Taino language of the early inhabitants.
The challenges for payment systems using digital payments or physical cash for such a scattered archipelago are understandable. A compelling reason for the launch of the digital B$, also called the sand dollar, is to support a payment system using a liability of The Central Bank Of The Bahamas, the safest form of payment in the Bahamas. In addition, it is meant to improve financial inclusion, reduce service delivery costs and increase transactional efficiency.
After a successful 2019 pilot on the island conglomeration of Exuma which reflects the configuration of the Bahamas; the digital B$ was launched yesterday according to a tweet from the Central Bank of the Bahamas. The sand dollar is the first ever nationwide Central Bank Digital Currency in the world. As a pilot location, Exuma is a smaller version of the Bahamas.
The total GDP of the Bahamas was around $12 B in 2018, the per capita income is one of the highest in the Americas, with a 90% penetration for mobile devices. In short, you could not have asked for a more ideal ground for the release of the worlds first CBDC; a relatively well-off, scattered population with high mobile penetration. The other twist in the story is that the B$ is pegged to the USD. So in effect, this can be seen as a pilot release of a digital USD by proxy.
The project itself is to create a digital currency ecosystem to support digital payments. The main feature is a digital version of the Bahamian dollar. Additionally, an ecosystem consisting of Authorized Financial Institutions (AFI) was created that provide services to the retail customers. This is in the form of KYC/AML checks, wallet services and custodial services for the sand dollar. AFI includes money transmitter businesses, payment service providers and commercial banks.
The AFIs can provide their own version of the sand dollar app (after a strict cyber security review) or use the baseline app provided by the central bank. The digital wallets are key components as they interact with retail customers. The wallets are segregated into three tiers, this is similar to the Chinese approach. The lowest tier does not require strict KYC/AML requirements and limits the amount of sand dollars held. The other two tiers have a risk based approach to KYC, for retail customers this increases the limits; however higher amounts are taken into the custody of the appropriate AFI. All businesses or payees have to be properly KYCed.
The wallets are secured with multi-factor authentication coupled with a common password and a one time password. Protections against sim-swapping are not known. A digital identity solution for the Bahamas is also being created in parallel with the sand dollar.
The sand dollar will not pay interest and cannot be held non-domestically. Hence payees not domiciled in the Bahamas cannot be directly paid using the sand dollar. However it can be used for all wholesale and retail transactions domestically. The sand dollar can be used 24/7/365 in disconnected settings and bear very low transaction fees.
The technical solution provider is NZIA, which has a novel architectural solution consisting of NZIA Cortex DLT (a blockchain platform) at its foundation, hardware nodes running the platform, with a hybrid wireless network at the top to connect the mobile devices. The hybrid wireless network provides connectivity in exacting ecosystems. Islands in the archipelago can lose power due to hurricanes, so this is a very crucial feature. The synchronization of the wallet will happen eventually when connections pick up again.
All in all, this is an important milestone in the development of CBDCs. The benefits are not quantifiable a priori, as with any far-reaching solution the effects are emergent. It requires a certain amount of courage to embark on such a project. A population created by forced globalization with a 90% Afro-Bahamian population, a history of piracy, known as a haven for escaped slaves, but a beacon for financial freedom and economic opportunity today, is the right setting for the release of such a revolutionary form of money. With one foot in the sea and one on land, Forward, Upward, Onward Together, as the motto of the Bahamas states.
Posted: at 11:05 pm
Of those cases, 104 were on New Providence, five on Grand Bahama, 10 on Eleuthera, one on Crooked Island, and seven on the Berry Islands.
Another five cases are still pending location.
The ministry also advised that following a data cleaning exercise on the total confirmed cases by islands, it was discovered that some cases were from New Providence and not the island previously indicated.
As a result, four cases have been subtracted from Andros, Bimini and Cat Cay, Cat Island, and Long Island and added to the total for New Providence.
The ministry said the capital has recorded 4,645 cases to date.
Fifty-nine percent of the new cases were men, while 41 percent were women.
Another three COVID deaths were also confirmed on New Providence, including a 51-year-old woman who died on October 10, and a 62-year-old man and a 77-year-old man, who both died on October 20.
COVID-related deaths now stand at 127, with 14 deaths still under investigation.
The number of hospitalized cases now stands at 119, of which 108 are moderately ill and 11 are in the Intensive Care Unit.
Health officials also confirmed an additional 108 recoveries, taking the number of recovered cases to 108.
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Posted: at 11:05 pm
Everything Fresh Jamaica Limited, which initiated operations in the Bahamas in2019, says it has "realized remarkable growth" in its business in that northern Caribbean country.
In a letter to shareholders on October 27, 2020, company directors also noted thatthe transfer of 60 per cent of Everything Fresh Bahamas to listed company Everything Fresh Jamaica Limited is complete.The Bahamas venture was pursued as a measure to diversify the business.
The Bahamas is a hard currency territory with the US dollar of equal value with the Bahamian dollar. By comparison, in Jamaica, the Jamaican dollar is currently valued at J$146 to one US dollar and continues to fluctuate in value.
Managing Director CourtneyPullen noted in the company's June report that sales to supermarkets and retail in Jamaica were trending up, compared to 2019. The company has expressed its intention to diversity into this new space, as opposed to a previous concentration on the hotel sector.
Consistent with our vision when Everything fresh completed its IPO, the company has sought to replicate its operations and its success in other islands of the Caribbean. In early 2019, with the approval of the Board, the company began to explore a transaction that could satisfy this critical diversification role.
Now with the completion of the transfer of a sixty per cent stake of Everything Fresh Bahamas Limited to the parent company Everything Fresh Jamaica Limited, the listed company takes this opportunity to update all shareholdersm," the letter stated, adding that Everything Fresh Bahamas Limited is focused on supplying food products to supermarkets and the retail trade in the Bahamas.
The letter said that the new company has realized remarkable growth from a standing start, propelled by a knowledgeable and logistics savvy Jamaican and Bahamian staff.
The USDA Foreign Agricultural Service, which researches trade, indicatesthat the Bahamas is the second largest market for US consumer-oriented products in the Caribbean.
Total imports of consumer-oriented products amounted to US$310 million in 2018, with the United States capturing about 76 percent, or US$237 million of this market segment. By todays exchange rate, the market in the Bahamas is valued at J$45.26 billion.
In the letter to shareholders, theEverything Fresh directors also noted thatDespite the challenges of the COVID epidemic, we expect to see it (Everything Fresh Bahamas) continue to deliver value to the market and grow further in the near term."
Sales for the Jamaican company for the second quarter ended June 30, 2020were $83.9 million, down from $520.5 million at June 2019. This was due, directors said, to the COVID-19pandemic as well as the companys decision to discontinue special pork cuts.
The company's net losses for the June 2020 quarter were $56.3 million compared to losses of $28.8 millionat June 2019.
Posted: at 11:05 pm
Today, at approximately 11:56 local time, an American Eagle Embraer ERJ-145LR operating flight AA4194 overran the runway shortly after landing in Freeport, Bahamas. Details are scarce, but it has been reported that all passengers and crew are safe.
An American Airlines flight from Miami to Freeport overran the runway just before noon on October 24th. The flight was AA4194 and used an Embraer ERJ-145. Envoy Air actually operates the aircraft as an American Eagle service. American Eagle is the airlines regional brand.
On the aircraft were 25 passengers and three crew members. All were reported as OK, having deplaned safely.
Below is a photo posted by the Twitter channel Breaking Aviation News & Videos:
American Airlines flight AA4194 from Miami overruns on landing at Freeport, Bahamas. No injuries reported. pic.twitter.com/lfcyx4YoGt
Breaking Aviation News & Videos (@breakingavnews) October 24, 2020
The following statement was provided by American Airlines:
American Eagle flight 4194, operated by Envoy Air with an ERJ-145, experienced an issue with the rear landing gear upon landing at Freeport (FPO) which caused it to slide off the runway. No serious injuries were reported. All 25 passengers and three crew members deplaned safely into the terminal.
Subsequent services canceled
Unfortunately, subsequent services of American Eagle AA4194 are now listed as canceled by FlightRadar24.com. The aircraft in question, an Embraer ERJ-145LR registered as N674RJ, does not have any subsequent flights listed, but due to this latest incident, we can safely assume that it will not be operating for at least a day or two.
Simple Flying has reported on several ERJ-145 incidents already this year specifically involving Envoy Air jets.
The ERJ-145 is the largest of the ERJ family of regional jets and is designed to carry 50 passengers on short-haul intercity flights. Built by Brazilian planemaker Embraer, the plane competes with aircraft from the Bombardier CRJ family of twin-engine regional jets.
Launched at the Paris Airshow in 1989, theERJ-145first entered service with Continental Express Airlines in December of 1996. The aircraft proved popular with American commuter airlines and is in service today with ExpressJet, Envoy Air, Piedmont Airlines, and CommutAir.
Envoy Air is a wholly-owned subsidiary of theAmerican AirlinesGroup, operating under the banner ofAmerican Eagle. Headquartered in Irving, Texas, it is one of the worlds largest regional carriers. It has hubs in Dallas/Fort Worth, Chicago, Miami, New York, and Los Angeles.
Have you flown with American Eagle or on an Embraer ERJ-145 before? Please share your experience with us in the comments.
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Posted: at 11:05 pm
The Bahamas government has announced the temporary resignation of the Minister of State, Kwasi Thompson, so as to facilitate the business of the Senate during the absence of ministers in the Senate who are in quarantine.
A brief government statement said that Thompson will be replaced by Senator Dwight Sawyer, who will step down from his temporary appointment this week, after which Thompson will be sworn in and resume his duties as minister of state.
The announcement comes as the government moves to the Parliament on Monday to seek an extension on the state of emergency to November 30 as part of the efforts to curb the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19) that has so far infected 6,466 and killed 132 others here.
Parliament is expected to debate a resolution to extend the state of emergency which expires on October 31.
However, the majority of the Cabinet, including Prime Minister Dr. Hubert Minnis, will be absent from the House after Minister of Public Works Desmond Bannister tested positive for COVID-19 last week.
A number of other government ministers are also reported to be in quarantine.
The Ministry of Health recommends 14-day isolation from the point of possible contact or contact with a COVID-19-positive individual.
House Speaker Halson Moultrie, is quoted in the Nassau Guardian as saying that he has been advocating for a hybrid model for House proceedings since some of his staffers tested positive for COVID-19 last month.
But nearly two months later, a resolution allowing the new model has yet to be tabled in Parliament.
Moultrie said that he is optimistic that the matter would be placed on the agenda for the sitting but it cannot be debated because no sufficient notice wouldve been given.
I believe if we had proceeded with the resolution to establish a situation where we could meet face-to-face and virtually with members, who attend virtually, having all the rights and privileges of those in chamber, we would not have had an issue at all as a matter of fact because all of the Cabinet members who are unable to attend tomorrow would have been able to attend virtually.
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Posted: at 11:05 pm
As the coronavirus pandemic continues to keep anxious travelers inside, more and more people are looking to plan adventurous trips to embark on once destinations open back up. Bustling cities will be on the back burner for a while as travelers look in the direction of remote, less-crowded locales.
The Bahamas has officially entered Phase 3 of its tourism reopening, and the destination is inviting visitors back. With an ideal location in the Caribbean and plenty of things to see and do, The Bahamas is a go-to destination for winter getaways.
This destination is home to more than 700 islands, which is why sailing proves to be one of the best ways to explore it. Click&Boat has travelers covered in this department with a Bahamas Yacht Charter.
Adventure-seekers can depart from popular destinations such as Nassau, Freeport or Mash Harbour and embark on a sailing trip of a lifetime.
Some of the many unique areas to visit include Green Turtle Cay, Tahiti Beach, Eleuthera and Big Major Cay, among others. From diving to swimming with pigs to finding pink sand beaches, The Bahamas offers something for all types of travelers.
Due to pleasant weather year-round weather, travelers can set sail in The Bahamas at any time. However, January is one of the best months to visit, since its the start of the dry season and the islands are not too busy.
To learn more about The Bahamas or to start planning for your winter sailing adventure, visit the Click&Boat website.
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