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Category Archives: Sealand

Late night shopping scheme in Chester sees Park & Ride services extended – ChesterChronicle.co.uk

Posted: July 30, 2017 at 2:34 pm

Cheshire West and Chester Council has extended its Park & Ride services on Thursdays to support CH1ChesterBIDs Head Out Not Home summer campaign.

The Park & Ride service, which runs from Chester Zoo , Wrexham Road, Boughton Heath and Sealand Road sites, usually finishes at 7pm, but on Thursdays until August 31 the service will be extended until 8pm.

The fleet of 12 buses will transport visitors and residents every Thursday to enjoy additional shopping and dining opportunities in the city centre as part of the Head Out Not Home campaign.

The campaign aims to bridge the gap between the daytime and evening economies by encouraging people to stay in the city centre at the end of their day.

A large number of businesses will be staying open for longer and many have special promotions on offer.

Cabinet member for environment Cllr Karen Shore said: Im delighted that we are able to support this campaign.

"The extension in our Park & Ride timetable offers visitors a range of parking options combined with low cost travel and will make it easier for them to get into the city to enjoy late night shopping, food with family and friends or the wonderful programme of music, movies and outdoor theatre on offer.

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Dont forget, your 2 daily ticket means you can hop on and off the buses as many times as you like, your ticket is valid all day.

The extended hours will also mean buses will be still running after the shops close at 7pm, which will help staff working late in retail businesses.

The council launched an improved cross-city Park & Ride service last summer, in partnership with Stagecoach, which includes a greater choice of stops for customers and buses with climate control, free 4G wifi, USB charging, premium quality seats and the latest enviro clean engine technology.

More information about the Park & Ride can be found here.

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Late night shopping scheme in Chester sees Park & Ride services extended - ChesterChronicle.co.uk

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Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) Ichimoku Reveals Negative Momentum – Rockville Register

Posted: July 29, 2017 at 7:34 pm

Shares of Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) opened the last session at 0.3000, touching a high of 0.3000 and a low of 0.3000 , yielding a change of-0.18. The latest reading places the stock below the Ichimoku cloud which indicates negative momentum and a potential sellsignal for the equity.

The Ichimoku cloud is a favorite technical indicator used primarily in Asian markets. The cloud is one of the only indicators that is both forward and backward looking. The cloud produces better levels of support and resistance and is a breakout traders best friend. The cloud is also one of the easiest indicators to use. Any trader, regardless of skill level or expertise, can use the cloud to quickly and efficiently analyze any product on any time frame. The cloud shines in the fact that it can be universally applied to any trading plan by any trader.

It is a type of chart used in technical analysis to display support and resistance, momentum, and trend in one view. TenkanSen and KijunSen are similar to moving averages and analyzed in relationship to one another. When the shorter term indicator, TenkanSen, rises above the longer term indicator, KijunSen, the securities trend is typically positive. When TenkanSen falls below KijunSen, the securities trend is typically negative. TenkanSen and KijunSen as a group are then analyzed in relationship to the Cloud, which is composed of the area between Senkou A and Senkou B.A multi-faceted indicator designed to give support/resistance levels, trend direction, and entry/exit points of varying strengths. General theory behind this indicator states that if price action is above the cloud, the overall trend is bullish, and if below the cloud, the overall trend is bearish. There are also moving averages (the Tenkan and Kijun lines) which act like the MACD crossover signals with the Tenkan crossing from underneath the Kijun as a bullish signal, while crossing overhead giving a bearish signal.

It is no secret that most investors have the best of intentions when diving into the equity markets. Making sound, informed decisions can help the investor make the most progress when dealing with the markets. Often times, investors may think they have everything in order, but they still come out on the losing end. Investors may need to figure out ways to keep emotion out of stock picking. Sometimes trading on emotions can lead to poor results. Making hasty decisions and not paying attention to the correct data can lead to poor performing portfolios in the long-term.

Checking on some popular technical levels, Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) has a 14-day Commodity Channel Index (CCI) of -106.82. The CCI technical indicator can be employed to help figure out if a stock is entering overbought or oversold territory. CCI may also be used to help discover divergences that may signal reversal moves. A CCI closer to +100 may provide an overbought signal, and a CCI near -100 may provide an oversold signal.

Tracking other technical indicators, the 14-day RSI is presently standing at 46.61, the 7-day sits at 42.80, and the 3-day is resting at 31.97 for Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR). The Relative Strength Index (RSI) is a highly popular technical indicator. The RSI is computed base on the speed and direction of a stocks price movement. The RSI is considered to be an internal strength indicator, not to be confused with relative strength which is compared to other stocks and indices. The RSI value will always move between 0 and 100. One of the most popular time frames using RSI is the 14-day.

Moving averages have the ability to be used as a powerful indicator for technical stock analysis. Following multiple time frames using moving averages can help investors figure out where the stock has been and help determine where it may be possibly going. The simple moving average is a mathematical calculation that takes the average price (mean) for a given amount of time. Currently, the 7-day moving average is sitting at 0.39.

Lets take a further look at the Average Directional Index or ADX. The ADX measures the strength or weakness of a particular trend. Investors and traders may be looking to figure out if a stock is trending before employing a specific trading strategy. The ADX is typically used along with the Plus Directional Indicator (+DI) and Minus Directional Indicator (-DI) which point to the direction of the trend. The 14-day ADX for Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) is currently at 9.99. In general, and ADX value from 0-25 would represent an absent or weak trend. A value of 25-50 would support a strong trend. A value of 50-75 would signify a very strong trend, and a value of 75-100 would point to an extremely strong trend.

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Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) Ichimoku Reveals Negative Momentum - Rockville Register

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What Kind of Picture Are the Technicals Painting For Sealand Capital Galaxy Limited (SCGL.L)? – Concord Register

Posted: July 26, 2017 at 4:39 pm

Sealand Capital Galaxy Limited (SCGL.L) shares are moving today onvolatility11.11% or $0.50 from the open.TheLSE listed companysaw a recent bid of5.00 and100000shares have traded hands in the session.

Dedicated investors tend to spend a lot of time trying to decipher the correct procedure for beating the stock market. This may involve figuring out a proper strategy, and deciding which stocks to start with when constructing a portfolio. Building a portfolio does not have to be a frantic race. In fact, not rushing into things may end up putting the investor in a good position to succeed. There are times when tough decisions need to be made when dealing with the equity market. Spending enough time to assess all the possibilities before making an investing decision may pay off down the road. As most investors know, there is no magic formula for coming out a winner in the stock market. Acquiring the most possible knowledge about the markets and individual stocks can play a vital role in the long-term success of the individual investor.

Now letstake a look at how the fundamentals are stacking up for Conviviality Retail Plc (CVR.L). Fundamental analysis takes into consideration market, industry and stock conditions to help determine if the shares are correctly valued. Conviviality Retail Plc currently has a yearly EPS of 9.30. This number is derived from the total net income divided by shares outstanding. In other words, EPS reveals how profitable a company is on a share owner basis.

Another key indicator that can help investors determine if a stock might be a quality investment is the Return on Equity or ROE. Conviviality Retail Plc (CVR.L) currently has Return on Equity of 4.48. ROE is a ratio that measures profits generated from the investments received from shareholders. In other words, the ratio reveals how effective the firm is at turning shareholder investment into company profits. A company with high ROE typically reflects well on management and how well a company is run at a high level. A firm with a lower ROE might encourage potential investors to dig further to see why profits arent being generated from shareholder money.

Another ratio we can look at is the Return on Invested Capital or more commonly referred to as ROIC. Conviviality Retail Plc (CVR.L) has a current ROIC of 3.48. ROIC is calculated by dividing Net Income Dividends by Total Capital Invested.

Similar to ROE, ROIC measures how effectively company management is using invested capital to generate company income. A high ROIC number typically reflects positively on company management while a low number typically reflects the opposite.

Turning to Return on Assets or ROA, Conviviality Retail Plc (CVR.L) has a current ROA of 1.80. This is a profitability ratio that measures net income generated from total company assets during a given period. This ratio reveals how quick a company can turn its assets into profits. In other words, the ratio provides insight into the profitability of a firms assets. The ratio is calculated by dividing total net income by the average total assets. A higher ROA compared to peers in the same industry, would suggest that company management is able to effectively generate profits from their assets. Similar to the other ratios, a lower number might raise red flags about managements ability when compared to other companies in a similar sector.

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What Kind of Picture Are the Technicals Painting For Sealand Capital Galaxy Limited (SCGL.L)? - Concord Register

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What Kind of Picture Are the Technicals Painting For Sealand … – Concord Register

Posted: at 4:39 pm

Sealand Capital Galaxy Limited (SCGL.L) shares are moving today onvolatility11.11% or $0.50 from the open.TheLSE listed companysaw a recent bid of5.00 and100000shares have traded hands in the session.

Dedicated investors tend to spend a lot of time trying to decipher the correct procedure for beating the stock market. This may involve figuring out a proper strategy, and deciding which stocks to start with when constructing a portfolio. Building a portfolio does not have to be a frantic race. In fact, not rushing into things may end up putting the investor in a good position to succeed. There are times when tough decisions need to be made when dealing with the equity market. Spending enough time to assess all the possibilities before making an investing decision may pay off down the road. As most investors know, there is no magic formula for coming out a winner in the stock market. Acquiring the most possible knowledge about the markets and individual stocks can play a vital role in the long-term success of the individual investor.

Now letstake a look at how the fundamentals are stacking up for Conviviality Retail Plc (CVR.L). Fundamental analysis takes into consideration market, industry and stock conditions to help determine if the shares are correctly valued. Conviviality Retail Plc currently has a yearly EPS of 9.30. This number is derived from the total net income divided by shares outstanding. In other words, EPS reveals how profitable a company is on a share owner basis.

Another key indicator that can help investors determine if a stock might be a quality investment is the Return on Equity or ROE. Conviviality Retail Plc (CVR.L) currently has Return on Equity of 4.48. ROE is a ratio that measures profits generated from the investments received from shareholders. In other words, the ratio reveals how effective the firm is at turning shareholder investment into company profits. A company with high ROE typically reflects well on management and how well a company is run at a high level. A firm with a lower ROE might encourage potential investors to dig further to see why profits arent being generated from shareholder money.

Another ratio we can look at is the Return on Invested Capital or more commonly referred to as ROIC. Conviviality Retail Plc (CVR.L) has a current ROIC of 3.48. ROIC is calculated by dividing Net Income Dividends by Total Capital Invested.

Similar to ROE, ROIC measures how effectively company management is using invested capital to generate company income. A high ROIC number typically reflects positively on company management while a low number typically reflects the opposite.

Turning to Return on Assets or ROA, Conviviality Retail Plc (CVR.L) has a current ROA of 1.80. This is a profitability ratio that measures net income generated from total company assets during a given period. This ratio reveals how quick a company can turn its assets into profits. In other words, the ratio provides insight into the profitability of a firms assets. The ratio is calculated by dividing total net income by the average total assets. A higher ROA compared to peers in the same industry, would suggest that company management is able to effectively generate profits from their assets. Similar to the other ratios, a lower number might raise red flags about managements ability when compared to other companies in a similar sector.

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What Kind of Picture Are the Technicals Painting For Sealand ... - Concord Register

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Oddfellow’s Casino – The Quietus

Posted: at 1:44 am

Essentially the project of one David Bramwell, a northerner relocated to Brighton, Oddfellow's Casino have released seven albums in their 15-year existence and take their name from Ambrose Oddfellow, a Victorian freakshow host whose moustache Bramwell inherited from a great-aunt. The author of several books focussing on notable eccentrics and regional oddities, and the creator and presenter of quirky documentaries for BBC Radios 3 and 4, Bramwell found a kindred spirit in John Higgs, whose most recent book, Watling Street, explores notions of Britishness by way of the country's oldest road and the events that occurred along its route. Higgs commissioned Bramwell to write a song to accompany the book, and 'The Ghosts of Watling Street' forms the centrepiece of this album. It also features a spoken-word contribution from the great Alan Moore, who intones, "We have wandered too far from some ancient totem - something central to us, that we must find our way back to."

Oh, Sealand is clearly concerned with the question of Britain, but avoids any easy answers. Its clearest statement comes in the opening track, 'Land of the Cuckoo', where over ominous, pulsing bass, Bramwell sings: "There's a fox in the schoolyard/ they're in the hospitals now" in a barely veiled warning against allowing profit-focussed corporations to insinuate themselves into essential public institutions. The song 'Sealand' is described as an unofficial anthem for the independent principality of Sealand, the micro-nation founded on a disused Maunsell Sea Fort seven miles off the Suffolk coast. Seized from rival pirate radio broadcasters in 1967, its story is one of dubious and desperate free enterprise combined with English eccentricity at its most belligerent and aggressive. If the track sounds more like a lament for lost dreams than a celebration of island utopias, the line "We'll take this land by force" undermines any idealistic ideas about Sealand's history. Instead the song raises the question of what exactly constitutes a nation, and draws implicit parallels with the larger island this libertarian outpost in the North Sea defines itself against.

Musically, Oddfellow's Casino deals in tuneful, anglocentric and mildly experimental electro-acoustic pop that joins the dots between Pentangle and The Pet Shop Boys, Basil Kirchin and British Sea Power. There are echoes too of the literate, introverted indie of Animals That Swim or The Lilac Time. 'The Ghosts of Watling Street' is the album's most radio-friendly moment, riding a confident and catchy guitar riff and a bucolic melody worthy of Fried-era Julian Cope: you barely notice the missing chorus, which just never arrives.

The seven-minute 'Down in the Water' is the other strong pop moment, enlivened by Rachel James's soulful vocals, Numan-esque synths and a stomping glam rhythm. Images of drowned villages and people sleeping underwater become Jungian totems of sublimated sexuality. 'Swallow The Day' is pastoral psychedelia of the lightest kind, while 'Danu' is a spoken-word piece following the course of the River Don over a bed of electronic drones and sparse piano. The determined fuzz bass of 'Children Of The Rocks' contrasts with the unadorned piano and plaintive vocals of 'Josephine', a simple love song that uses imagery of the English landscape to convey its emotional message.

Matters come to a head on 'Penda's Fen', which expands on the themes of Alan Clarke's justly acclaimed 1974 BBC film - itself a complex allegory of history and sexuality, folklore, fantasy and family ties - to become a song about conflicted feelings of national identity. Beneath the motorways and factories, the politics and the patriotic posturing, there remains something older and primal. 'I am your son," Bramwell sings, over an uncharacteristically squalling electric guitar riff, "how can I show my love?"

Do we have to go back to go forward? Is it necessary to reclaim the Britain of Blake and Boudicca from the flag-waving xenophobes, or are all notions of nationality best left behind as we progress into a future where borders become irrelevant? Is Sealand something worth fighting for? John Higgs recently defined the opposite of terrorism as wonderism: affecting change through deliberate acts of joy and wonder. Oh, Sealand is a wonderist intervention in the name of a different definition of Britain: one where mystery is currency and love, rather than fear, is what unites these islands' disparate tribes.

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Oddfellow's Casino - The Quietus

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Sealand | Fifth World Wiki | FANDOM powered by Wikia

Posted: July 22, 2017 at 8:35 am

The Principality of Sealand is a micronation that claims as its territory the artificial island of Roughs Tower, a former Maunsell Sea Fort located in the North Sea 10 km (six miles) off the coast of Suffolk, England, as well as territorial waters in a twelve-nautical-mile radius. Sealand is occupied by family members and associates of Paddy Roy Bates, who styles himself as H.R.H. Prince Roy of Sealand. The population of the facility rarely exceeds five, and its inhabitable area is 550 m.

Although Sealand's claims to sovereignty and legitimacy are not recognized by any country, it is probably the world's best-known micronation, and is sometimes cited in debates as an interesting case study of how various principles of international law can be applied to a territorial dispute.

In 1942, during World War II, HM Fort Roughs was constructed by the UK as one of the Maunsell Sea Forts. It comprised a floating pontoon base with a superstructure of two hollow towers joined by a deck upon which other structures could be added. The fort was towed to a position above Rough Sands sandbar where its base was intentionally flooded so that it sank to a resting place on the sandbar. The location chosen was in international waters, outside the then three-mile territorial water claim of the United Kingdom.

The facility (termed Roughs Tower) was occupied by 150300 Royal Navy personnel throughout World War II; post-war it was not until 1956 that the last full-time personnel were taken off HM Fort Roughs and marking of its position as a shipping hazard was left to Trinity House. On September 2, 1967, the fort was occupied by Major Paddy Roy Bates, a British subject and pirate radio broadcaster, who ejected a competing group of pirate broadcasters and claimed sovereignty on the basis of his interpretation of international law (see Legal status).

Sealand several months after the fire.

In 1968, Roy's son Michael Bates was summoned to court as a result of an incident during which shots were fired at a British navy vessel in the vicinity of Sealand. According to some reports the vessel's occupants were intending to evict the Bates family from the fortress, while others state that they were simply attempting to repair a nearby navigation buoy. In delivering its decision on November 25 1968, the court, in Chelmsford, Essex, stated that because the incident occurred outside British territorial waters, the court possessed no jurisdiction. Bates cited this case as evidence of de facto sovereignty.

In 1978, while Bates was away, the "Prime Minister" of Sealand, Alexander G. Achenbach, and several German and Dutch citizens, staged a forcible takeover of Roughs Tower, holding Bates' son Michael captive, before releasing him several days later in the Netherlands.

Bates thereupon enlisted armed assistance and, in a helicopter assault, retook the fortress. He then held the invaders captive, claiming them as prisoners of war. Most participants in the invasion were repatriated at the cessation of the "war", but Gernot Ptz, a German lawyer who held a Sealand passport, was charged with treason against Sealand and was held unless he paid DM 75,000 (more than 18,000). The governments of the Netherlands and Germany petitioned the British government for his release, but the United Kingdom disavowed all responsibility, citing the 1968 court decision. Germany then sent a diplomat from its London embassy to Roughs Tower to negotiate for Ptz's release, and after several weeks Roy Bates relented, subsequently claiming that the diplomat's visit constituted de facto recognition of Sealand by Germany.

Following his repatriation, Achenbach established an "exile government" in Germany, in opposition to Roy Bates, assuming the name "Chairman of the Privy Council". Upon Achenbach's resignation for health reasons in August 1989, the rebel government's "Minister for Economic Co-operation", Johannes Seiger, assumed control, with the position of "Prime Minister and Chairman of the Privy Council". Seiger continues to claim that he is Sealand's legitimate ruling authority.

Sealand claims the waters surrounding Roughs Tower to the extent of twelve nautical miles, and it has claimed to have physically defended this claim on at least one occasion: in an incident in 1990, the Royal Maritime Auxiliary vessel Golden Eye was fired upon from Sealand.

For a period, Sealand passports were mass-manufactured and sold widely (mostly to Eastern Europeans) by a Spanish-based group believed to be associated with the exile government under Seiger. These passports, which were not authorised by the Bates family, were linked to several high-profile crimes, including the murder of Gianni Versace. Due to the massive quantity of illegal passports in circulation (estimated at 150,000), in 1997 the Bates family revoked all Sealand passports, including those that they themselves had issued in the previous thirty years.

In 1987 the UK expanded its territorial waters by 9 nautical miles. This encompassed the Rough Sands area. In 1990-1991 the UK submitted evidence in a U.S. Administrative Court Case, the ruling for which included a statement to the effect that no independent "Principality of Sealand" had ever existed. This case was not challenged by the Bates family, who assert that U.S. courts have no jurisdiction in determining the legitimacy of other states.

Map of Sealand and the United Kingdom, with territorial water claims of 3nm and 12nm shown (note the 12 mile limit was introduced in 1987 -not 1968).

Sealand's claim that it is an independent state is founded on the following two propositions:

In international law, the two most common schools of thought for the creation of statehood are the constitutive and declaratory theories of state creation. The constitutive theory was the standard nineteenth century model of statehood, and the declaratory theory was developed in the twentieth century to address shortcomings of the constitutive theory. In the constitutive theory, a state exists exclusively via recognition by other states. The theory splits on whether this recognition requires "diplomatic recognition" or merely "recognition of existence". It is clear that no other state grants Sealand diplomatic recognition, but it has been argued by Bates that negotiations carried out by Germany constituted "recognition of existence". In the declaratory theory of statehood, an entity becomes a state as soon as it meets the minimal criteria for statehood. Recognition by other states is purely "declaratory".

One set of criteria for statehood under international law is defined by the Montevideo Convention. This asserts that a defined territory, permanent population, government and the capacity to enter into relationships with other sovereign states are the only foundation requirements for a sovereign state. None of these requirements necessarily has to conform to a certain size or standard, but their general characteristics should be taken into account.

A similar set of criteria for statehood is found in the European Community Opinions of the Badinter Arbitration Committee. The committee found that a state was defined by having a territory, a population, and a political authority. The committee also found that the existence and disappearance of states was a question of fact, while the recognition by other states was purely declaratory.

Since the 1968 UK court decision, the United Kingdom has extended its territorial sea to twelve nautical miles (22 km), which it had the legal right to do under international law since 1958 (although the necessary Act of Parliament was not passed until 1987). These and subsequent laws have dealt with the construction and legal position of artificial islands. However, as Roughs Tower is actually a sunken ship, some have claimed it is not covered by these rulings. Sealand declared that it, too, was extending its claim of territorial waters to twelve nautical miles at a similar time to the UK.

According to the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, there is no transitional law and no possibility to consent to the existence of a construction which was previously approved or built by a neighbouring state. This means that artificial islands may no longer be constructed and then claimed as sovereign states, or as state territories, for the purposes of extension of an exclusive economic zone or of territorial waters. However, since Roughs Tower is not an artificial island but a sunken ship, it would be necessary for Her Majesty's Crown Estate (which owns the land itself under the tower) to act as the complainant landlord in order to get the wreck removed from its property. If Sealand is a sunken ship rather than an artificial island then no claim to statehood can be made, as a ship cannot constitute the "permanent" territory required for statehood to be established.

The only prospect for successful assertion of sovereignty would be to show that there was de facto sovereignty prior to 1968.

Although the UK has publicly asserted its authority over Roughs Tower, it appears to be government policy to refrain from comment or action except when forced. British Government documents, now available to the public under the 30-year expiry of confidentiality, show that the UK drafted plans to take the tower by force, but such plans were not implemented by the then Prime Minister due to the potential for loss of life, and the creation of a legal and public relations disaster.

In 1978 a German court ruled that Sealand was not a valid nation: "A man-made artificial platform, such as the so-called Duchy of Sealand, cannot be called either 'a part of the earth's surface' or 'land territory' and only structures which make use of a specific piece of the earth's surface can be recognised as State territory within the meaning of international law." (In re Duchy of Sealand (1978) 80 ILR 683, 685 (Administrative Court of Cologne))

In 1990 a US Administrative Court also ruled that Sealand was not a valid sovereign nation, following evidence from James Murphy of the Department of Trade and Industry. On appeal in 1991 the decision that the state called Sealand does not exist, and has not ever existed was upheld by a US Federal Court.

The Times on December 6, 2005, claimed that the British government and courts finally admitted that Sealand "is outside British national territory [...] and not part of the United Kingdom", however The Times did not elaborate and there has been no confirmation by other sources.

Roy and Joan Bates claimed Sealand as their own in 1967.

Irrespective of its legal status, Sealand is managed by the Bates family as though it were a recognised sovereign entity, and they are its hereditary royal rulers.

Roy and Joan Bates have been referred to internally since the foundation of Sealand as "Their Royal Highnesses Prince Roy and Princess Joan of Sealand". Roy Bates is styled "Sovereign", and Joan Bates is sometimes described as being "in joint rule" with him. Their son is known as "His Royal Highness Prince Michael". Michael Bates has been referred to as the "Prince Regent" since 1999. In this role he apparently serves as Sealand's acting "Head of State" and also its "Head of Government". At a micronations conference hosted by the University of Sunderland on 25 November 2004, Sealand was represented by Michael Bates' son James, who was referred to as "Prince Royal James".

Sealand's royals are all believed to retain UK citizenship, and the family has not been in permanent residence on the Roughs Tower facility since 1999. The facility is now occupied by one or more caretakers representing Michael Bates, who himself lives in Leigh on Sea, England. As Sealand is not a recognised country, the Bates family officially travel internationally as British citizens.

Sealand possesses a simple constitution, instituted in 1995, which consists of a preamble and seven articles. The preamble asserts Sealand's independence, while the articles variously deal with Sealand's status as a constitutional monarchy, the empowerment of government bureaus, the role of an appointed, advisory Senate, the functions of an appointed, advisory legal tribunal, a proscription against the bearing of arms except by members of a designated "Sealand Guard", the exclusive right of the sovereign to formulate foreign policy and alter the constitution, and the hereditary patrilinear succession of the monarchy.

Current Sealand government bureaus are: the Bureau of External Affairs, the Bureau of Internal Affairs, and the Bureau of Posts Telecomms and Technology. Most of the organs of Sealand's government are apparently either inactive or operate outside of Sealand's territory itself. A Sealand State Corporation was chartered by Roy Bates and charged with the "development of the state" shortly after Sealand's foundation, but its current status and range of activities, if any, are unknown.

In 2000, worldwide publicity was created about Sealand due to the establishment of a new entity called HavenCo, a data haven, which effectively took control of Roughs Tower itself. According to the Sealand official website, no other visitors or activities would be permitted. The original claim to the right to occupy Roughs Tower was maintained by Michael Bates, whose father Roy has removed himself to a great extent from further daily involvement. However Ryan Lackey, HavenCo's founder, later quit and claimed that Bates had lied to him by keeping the 1990-1991 court case from him and that as a result he had lost the money he had invested in the venture. He stated that his only legal recourse was to sue Roy Bates in a British court of law, but to date no action has been taken.

Sealand's legal system is claimed to follow British common law, and statutes take the form of Decrees enacted by the Sovereign.

Sealand first issued postage stamps in 1969, when a helicopter service was instituted to carry mail between Roughs Tower and Brussels, Belgium. A significant volume of mail carrying Sealand stamps and postmarks was accepted without surcharge and passed by Belgian postal authorities into the international postal system at this time.

Although few stamp issues have been made since early 1970s, Sealand postage stamps and postal cancellations continue to be used on most if not all mail from the principality, although the actual volume of such mail is limited.

The official policy of the United Kingdom's Royal Mail is to stamp envelopes not bearing UK stamps with a 'revenue protection' cancellation, meaning that postal carriage charges may be claimed from the recipient although recent examples exist of mail bearing Sealand stamps and cancellations, to the exclusion of all others, being transmitted through the international postal system.

Sealand is not a member of the Universal Postal Union, which regulates the sending of mail between countries, and its address is in what it claims is a foreign country. In a similar manner, mail for the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus must be addressed to 'Mersin 10, Turkey'. The address publicised by Sealand as its postal address is: 'Sealand 1001; Sealand Post Bag, IP11 9SZ, UK'. The Royal Mail postcode is the one for Felixstowe near Ipswich, and the Royal Mail website gives the following standardised address: 'Sealand Fort, PO Box 3, FELIXSTOWE, IP11 9SZ, UK'.

According to the Cinderella Stamp Club (UK), Sealand's stamps are classified as "locals"; such stamps are valid for the carriage of mail between a location that lacks a regular postal service, and a location from which the onward transmission of such mail occurs.

Sealand has declared its currency to be the "Sealand Dollar", which it deems to be at parity with the U.S. dollar. Several dozen different coins have been minted since 1972 in various units of this currency. Given Sealand's limited population, physical inaccessibility and lack of a real economy it is unlikely that these coins were ever intended for use as circulating currency. Most were produced in precious metals, which have appealed to investors and coin collectors. In the early 1990s, Achenbach's German group also produced a coin, featuring a likeness of Prime Minister Seiger.

Adapted from the Wikipedia article, "Sealand" http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sealand, used under the GNU Free Documentation License.

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Sealand – Wikitravel

Posted: at 8:35 am

Sealand [1] is a sea fort in the North Sea, located 10 km off the coast of Suffolk, England. It is best known for its (unrecognized) claim to be the world's smallest sovereign nation. However, it is currently regarded as a micronation by most non-Sealanders.

Visits to the Principality of Sealand are not normally permitted, and you will most likely need to pre-arrange a boat to take you there. Emergency or other special circumstances suggesting that a visit might be appropriate require prior approval from the Bureau of Internal Affairs, and may be considered by making a written application. Further information can be found here [2].

Walk. The entire habitable area of the fort is 550 sq.m.

The spectacular views of the English coast. Make sure to also get a tour of the nation, where your guide will most likely show you the chapel, parliament room, engine room, gym and jail where a german invader was held for a few months in 1978.

Get your fitness on at Sealand's tiny gym

Worship God at Sealand's one and only chapel room

Take a tour of the house-sized nation

Buy some Sealandic stamps and coins

Pay 31 pounds to become official Sealandic nobility

Online Sealand has a comprehensive catalog of all things Sealand. This includes shirts, stamps, coins and even lordships.

There are no eateries in Sealand, so get ready to mainly eat low quality TV dinners supplied from England while you're there.

Canned beers, soda pop and bottled water supplied from England.

There are various bedrooms in Sealands pillars, with some consisting of just a bed and concrete walls, while others are decorated quite cozily.

The official Sealand website http://www.sealandgov.org/

The same way every visitor arrives: by boat.

WikiPedia:Principality of Sealand

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Sealand - Wikitravel

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Range Rover invasion at Chester supermarket site – ChesterChronicle.co.uk

Posted: July 20, 2017 at 3:38 am

Residents were left confused when dozens of Range Rovers appeared on the Chester forecourt of a former Mercedes Benz dealership being targeted by supermarket chain Aldi.

Aldi is still awaiting a decision from Cheshire West and Chester Council (CWaC) as to whether it will be granted planning consent to erect a food store and car park at the Parkgate Road site.

And the plot is available should permission be granted after the Mercedes dealership moved to Cheshire Oaks earlier this year.

That's why some people may have wondered whether Land Rover was simply taking over from Mercedes. There was certainly some confusion judging by comments on social media.

But in fact the empty site is just a useful storage area for Hunters Land Rover Chester in Sealand Road while its base is completely reconfigured. There is planning permission for the existing showroom to be demolished and a new one erected alongside.

Staff members from Hunters Land Rover say both sites are operated by Inchcape allowing the temporary measure to take place.

Aldis plan to open a third Chester supermarket in Parkgate Road has attracted plenty of supportive as well as critical comments from residents.

Representations from members of the public posted on the CWaC website reveal plenty of support for the budget retailer but also concerns about the sheer number of supermarkets now serving Chester and fears over the traffic that would be generated by the business, which will feature a free 109-space car park.

Aldi already has a store at nearby Bumpers Lane and a second outlet off Tarvin Road in Boughton.

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Range Rover invasion at Chester supermarket site - ChesterChronicle.co.uk

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Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) Pushes Higher 37.14% – DARC News

Posted: at 3:38 am

Pushing higher over the last five sessions are shares ofSealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR). The stock has risen37.14% over that span, yielding profits for savvy traders.Looking a bit further out we note that the stock is140.00% for the past 4-weeks,280.95% over the past 26 weeks and-31.43% over the past year.

Now well take a look at how the fundamentals are stacking up for Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR). Fundamental analysis takes into consideration market, industry and stock conditions to help determine if the shares are correctly valued. Sealand Natural Resources Inc currently has a yearly EPS of -1.40. This number is derived from the total net income divided by shares outstanding. In other words, EPS reveals how profitable a company is on a share owner basis.

Another key indicator that can help investors determine if a stock might be a quality investment is the Return on Equity or ROE. Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) currently has Return on Equity of -649.88. ROE is a ratio that measures profits generated from the investments received from shareholders. In other words, the ratio reveals how effective the firm is at turning shareholder investment into company profits. A company with high ROE typically reflects well on management and how well a company is run at a high level. A firm with a lower ROE might encourage potential investors to dig further to see why profits arent being generated from shareholder money.

Another ratio we can look at is the Return on Invested Capital or more commonly referred to as ROIC. Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) has a current ROIC of -649.88. ROIC is calculated by dividing Net Income Dividends by Total Capital Invested. Similar to ROE, ROIC measures how effectively company management is using invested capital to generate company income. A high ROIC number typically reflects positively on company management while a low number typically reflects the opposite.

Turning to Return on Assets or ROA, Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) has a current ROA of -409.19. This is a profitability ratio that measures net income generated from total company assets during a given period. This ratio reveals how quick a company can turn its assets into profits. In other words, the ratio provides insight into the profitability of a firms assets. The ratio is calculated by dividing total net income by the average total assets. A higher ROA compared to peers in the same industry, would suggest that company management is able to effectively generate profits from their assets. Similar to the other ratios, a lower number might raise red flags about managements ability when compared to other companies in a similar sector.

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Sealand Natural Resources Inc (SLNR) Pushes Higher 37.14% - DARC News

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WATCH: New Oddfellow’s Casino – The Quietus

Posted: July 19, 2017 at 4:36 am

Indie ensemble Oddfellow's Casinos released their seventh album, Oh, Sealand last week after a three-year hiatus since their last album, 2014s The Water Between Us.

An album revolving around conflicted adoration for England, the album is characterised by appropriate literary, film, and street name references sprinkled throughout. Highlights include Alan Clarke film tribute 'Penda's Fen', previous Grasscut B side 'Swallow the Day', spoken word track 'Danu' and 'Sealand', which tells the story of the independent principality that lies about six miles off the southeastern English coast. However, 'The Ghosts of Watling Street' stands out the most, the video for which you can watch above.

Originally requested by popular author John Higgs, the album's release is timed in conjunction with Higgs' new, similarly-titled book Watling Street. The book covers an epic journey down Englands oldest road, and the song is similarly epic - a nostalgic-sounding orchestra of charming guitar chords and staccato keys complimented by the voice of comic-book writer Alan Moore.

The video follows a similar theme, featuring a translucent frontman David Bramwell thoughtfully strolling through expansive fields, between picturesque archways, and down the old English street.

Oh, Sealand is out now via At The Helm Records.

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WATCH: New Oddfellow's Casino - The Quietus

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