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Category Archives: Sealand

Sealand Wikipedia ting Vit

Posted: September 11, 2016 at 5:31 pm

Thn vng quc Sealand (ting Anh: Principality of Sealand) l mt vi quc gia khng c Lin Hip Quc cng nhn, nm pha ng Anh Quc, cch o Anh 10 hi l. Sealand l mt pho i (l ct) c xy dng nm 1942 phc v cho chin tranh th gii th 2. C th gi Sealand l mt hn o hoc mt "quc gia" c bit. Gi l o bi v n c xy dng gia bin ng vng bng hai chn trn bin. Gi l quc gia bi v ti y cng c quc k, quc ca, c tng thng v cc hot ng thng mi cng nh lut php ca mnh.

Sau khi Chin tranh th gii th 2 kt thc, qun i Anh rt khi hn o ny. N c b hoang cho n nm 1967, khi Roy pht hin ra n. Roy t t ra mt quc gia v t gi mnh l Hong t, gi v mnh l Cng cha. Roy t mnh thit k ra c, tin t,... Sealand tr thnh ci gai trong mt Chnh ph Anh, nhng h khng th lm g c v Sealand thuc hi phn quc t. Cc cng ty truyn thng t cc my ch ca mnh ti Sealand, l tr tt c cc thng tin ca mnh ti y. Bn ti phm cng li dng s s h phc v cho hot ng phm php ca chng. Roy cng nhn ra iu ny, v thit k h chiu gim hot ng ca ti phm.

Thn vng quc Sealand l mt trong nhng lnh th khng c Lin Hip Quc cng nhn.

Sealand vn l mt n lnh trn bin cch Suffolk, Anh 10 km v pha ng. T ngy 2 thng 10 nm 1967, n b chim gi bi gia nh k thut vin Paddy Roy Bates. Thy qun Hong gia Anh tng tn cng Sealand nhng v n nm ngoi lnh hi Anh cho nn vic lm b ngn chn.

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SeaLand :: Schedules

Posted: September 10, 2016 at 5:34 am

Date

Container Type 20' Dry Standard 40' Dry Standard 40' Dry High 45' Dry High 20' Reefer Standard 40' Reefer High 20' Open Top 40' Open Top 40' Open Top High 40' Flat Standard 40' Flat High 20' Flat 20' Tank 40' Tank

Vessel Flag Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belgium Belize Bermuda Island Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Canada Cape Verde Island Chile China Comoro Islands Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Egypt Estonia Fed St of Micronesia Finland France Georgia Germany Gibraltar Greece Grenada Guam Guatemala Guinea Guyana Hong Kong Iceland India Indonesia Iran Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kenya Korea, South Kuwait Lebanon Liberia Libya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxemburg Macau Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Montserrat Morocco Myanmar (Burma) Namibia Netherl. Antilles Netherlands New Zealand Norway Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Russia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka St Kitts-Nevis Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Turkey Turks and Caicos Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (US) Yemen

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SeaLand :: Schedules

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Sealand Marine – Find Boats and Trailers for Sale in Nebraska at …

Posted: at 5:34 am

Our mission at Sealand Marine has always been to deliver exceptional, quality products and services to our customers. With our 4 convenient locations, we are set up to provide you a pleasurable experience when you are looking for your first boat, trading in your existing boat for your next boat or if your current boat is in need of some repairs. With our award winning manufacturers lineup you can bet that we have a boat for everyone. If you are looking for a pontoon the Bennington products are hard to beat. Bennington offers over 120floorplans,in 4 different series, in both cruising and fishing models that are able to meet many different price points. If a fiberglass pleasure boat or deck boat is more your thing then our Regal, Bayliner and Stingraybrands have you covered and for those who enjoy fishing we are proud to represent Alumacraft.

With many years of experience, Sealand Marines service departments are here to take care of you on anything from boat and motor repairs, annual services and winterizations, trailer repairs, and even gelcoat repairs. We also offer fully secured indoor winter storage at very competitive prices.

We here at Sealand Marine and Recreation invite you to stop in to one of our locations or give us a call to see for yourself our dedication in helping you find the right boat at the best prices.

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Sealand Marine - Find Boats and Trailers for Sale in Nebraska at ...

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Sealand Hercegsg Wikipdia

Posted: at 5:34 am

A Sealand Hercegsg (angolul Principality of Sealand), rviden Sealand (IPA: /silnd, kb. szlend) mikronemzet (nerbl kikiltott, de nem regisztrlt llamszer egysg) egy az szaki-tengeren ll msodik vilghborban plt erdtmnyen Nyugat-Eurpban, az Egyeslt Kirlysg partjaitl nhny kilomterre.

A Sealand Hercegsg Anglia keleti partjai mentn, a Temze torkolattl szakra, a parttl mintegy 10 kilomterre (6 mrfld) elhelyezked, kilencszer huszonhrom mter alapterlet mestersges szigeten tallhat, amelynek egyetlen fldrajzi jelleg kpzdmnye a Roughs Tower.

A Roughs Tower egyike a msodik vilghbor idejn a brit katonai doktrna szellemben ptett erdknek, amelyeknek funkcija a krnyez g figyelse, ellensges lgier visszaverse, s az elsllyesztett hajkbl kiszott matrzok kimentse volt. Az akkori nemzetkzi vizeken kt nagy vasbeton lbra (n. beton sllyesztszekrny; a belsejben klnfle szobkkal, kamrkkal) ptett kosrlabdaplynyi platform mai formjban akr memlknek is tekinthet, mivel a hbor utn valamennyi trst lebontottk. Olajos, rozsds romknt mindssze csak ez maradt meg hrmondnak az szaki-tengeren.

1966-ban a Bates csald telepedett meg itt, majd 1967. szeptember 2-n kikiltottk a hercegsg fggetlensgt. A hercegsg cmerben olvashat a csald mottja: E Mare Libertas, azaz Szabadsg a tengertl.

1967-ben Paddy Roy Bates angol rnagy kitzte a zszlt s kikiltotta magt az orszg hercegnek.

Az Egyeslt Kirlysg mint hajt kvetelte vissza a terletet, azonban a brit brsg megllaptotta, hogy mivel a tengeri hatron tl van a platform, gy nincs illetkessge dntst hozni a krdsben. Innen a kvzi fggetlensge.

1978-ban egy nmet zletember megbzsbl holland izomemberek puccsot hajtottak vgre, s foglyul ejtettk Michael Bates-t, Paddy Bates fit. Nemsokkal ksbb Paddy nhny hozz h emberrel visszafoglalta a szigetet, kiszabadtotta Michaelt, a hollandokat pedig hadifoglyul ejtette. Nmetorszg kveteket kldtt Sealand-be, trgyalni a bkrl s a foglyok szabadon engedsrl. A kis orszgot idvel felfedezte a maffia is: egyre tbb hamis sealandi tlevl jelent meg, valsznleg a fent mr emltett nmet zletember ltal. sszesen kb. 150000 hamis tlevl kerlt forgalomba. A Miamiban 1997-ben meggyilkolt Gianni Versace olasz divattervez gyilkosa, Andrew Cunanan pldul szintn sealandi tlevllel igyekezett hamis szemlyazonossgot teremteni magnak. Az llam ltezsnek fenntartsra (rozsdsods ellen) sajt pnzt verettek, blyegeket nyomtattak, st, sajt rendszmtblt is ksztettek.

Az orszg (pontosabban a Bates csald cge, a Haven Co.) f bevteli forrsa ma a szigeten elhelyezett szerverek ltal a weblapok hostolsa. Havi 1500 dollrrt golyll betonnal vdett szervert kaphatunk, amely folyamatos mikrohullm kapcsolatban van az angol hlzatokkal.

Roy, Sealand hercege (sz. 1922) 1944-ben vette el a 18 ves angol modellt, akibl 1967-ben Joan, Sealand hercegnje (sz. 1926) lett. Az uralkodprnak kt gyermeke szletett, Penelop hercegn (sz. 1950) s a trnrks, Michael herceg (sz. 1952). Michaelnek kt fia van, James herceg (sz. 1986) s Liam herceg (sz. 1988).

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Sealand Hercegsg Wikipdia

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Sealand Wikipdia, a enciclopdia livre

Posted: July 27, 2016 at 11:44 am

Origem: Wikipdia, a enciclopdia livre.

Principado de Sealand uma micronao e entidade no reconhecida pela ONU, localizada no Mar do Norte a 10km da costa de Suffolk, no sudeste da Inglaterra (5153'40"N, 128'57"E).[1][2][3][4][5] O territrio resume-se a uma grande base naval construda pelo Reino Unido durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial. O acesso ilha apenas possvel por helicptero ou barco. Outrora chamada de Rough Towers, a base foi uma defesa martima contra ataques alemes, consistindo em duas grandes torres com capacidade para 200 soldados. Foi desativada assim que a guerra acabou.

Desde 1967, a instalao tem sido ocupada pelo ento Major britnico Paddy Roy Bates; seus colegas e familiares afirmam que ela um Estado soberano independente. Comentadores externos geralmente classificam Sealand como uma micronao ao invs de um estado no reconhecido.[6] Embora tenha sido descrita como menor nao do mundo,[3][7] Sealand atualmente no reconhecida oficialmente como um estado soberano por nenhuma outra nao soberana. Apesar de Roy Bates afirmar que ela reconhecida de facto pela Alemanha, por ter recebido um diplomata alemo na micronao, e pelo Reino Unido, aps uma corte inglesa decidir que no possui jurisdio sobre Sealand,[1] nenhuma das aes constituem de jure o reconhecimento.

Historicamente, a fortificao pertence ao Reino Unido, mas est localizada fora dos seus domnios territoriais. O governo de Londres j tentou expulsar a famlia Bates de Sealand, mas no obteve xito devido a este fator. Tambm, a plataforma est fora dos domnios territoriais da Frana, o que faz de sua localizao uma terra de ningum[8] .

Em 1965, Roy Bates, dono de um pequeno barco frigorfico e tido como uma pessoa excntrica, mudou-se com sua famlia para a base militar Knock John Tower e a usava para transmitir a programao de sua rdio pirata[9] , que chamou de Radio Essex. Ele estava protegido legalmente pelo fato de a construo no estar dentro das guas territoriais britnicas. Mais tarde, o governo estendeu os limites do pas e a base Knock John acabou fazendo parte dos limites do territrio britnico. A famlia Bates recebeu ordem de se retirar, mas pouco tempo depois mudou-se para outra base mais distante da costa, denominada Rough Towers.

Um ano depois, a Marinha de guerra britnica tentou expuls-lo do local, mas sem xito. Um juiz deliberou que Sealand est alm do limite de trs milhas das guas territoriais do Reino Unido, escapando ao controle do governo londrino.

Nove anos mais tarde, Roy, que seria o prncipe de Sealand, introduziu no seu pas uma constituio, criou uma bandeira, um braso de armas e decidiu cunhar dlares de ouro e prata.[10] Por fim, comeou a conceder passaportes queles que demonstraram ter apoiado os interesses de Sealand.

Em 1978, aproveitando a ausncia do chefe de estado Roy Bates, um empresrio alemo autoproclamado primeiro-ministro de Sealand encenou uma invaso ao estado[9] , dominando-a rapidamente e mantendo as pessoas que ali estavam de refns, dentre elas o herdeiro Michael. No entanto, ao saber da situao, Roy conseguiu recuperar a ilha, resgatando os refns e expulsando os invasores. Este foi o acontecimento local mais prximo de uma guerra, sobre o qual no se tem muitas informaes - nem o prprio site governamental muito explcito a respeito. O empresrio alemo era Alexander Achenbach, que comprara de Roy Bates um passaporte de Sealand. A Alemanha enviou um diplomata a Londres, mas a Gr-Bretanha no tinha poder sobre Sealand e este foi enviado a Sealand para negociar a soltura de todos[9] .

Em junho de 2006 houve um terrvel incndio em Sealand. A ilha sofreu um devastador incndio que destruiu muito da administrao do pas, alm do centro de energia. Felizmente, os geradores/sistemas de emergncia existentes permitiram o andamento contnuo das atividades, inclusive o governo promoveu vendas de bons e semelhantes visando a arrecadar fundos para recuperar os estragos, e hoje a plataforma est recuperada.

O Hino Nacional de Sealand, intitulado "E Mare Libertas", foi composto pelo compositor londrino Basil Simonenko e adotado em 2001. uma pea somente instrumental, sem letra. Em 2005 foi gravado pela Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra e includo no volume 7 de sua coleo de CDs de hinos nacionais do mundo.

Em setembro de 2011 Michael Bates esteve presente na Bienal do Mercosul, realizada em Porto Alegre, acompanhado de seu filho James. Convidado pelos curadores para falar sobre Sealand e a "Geopotica", tema da exposio, o Prncipe tambm aproveitou o passeio para vender ttulos da nobreza de sua nao[11] .

No comeo de janeiro de 2007, o prncipe Michael de Sealand decidiu pr a ilha artificial venda. Considerado o menor pas do mundo, Sealand emite os seus prprios passaportes e selos de correio, ttulos de nobreza, tem moeda prpria e, inclusive, uma seleo de futebol, entre outras caractersticas de um Estado independente. Porm os seus habitantes moram em barraces de ao e convivem o tempo todo com o barulho de vrios geradores[3] .

Pela plataforma, qual s possvel chegar de helicptero ou barco, os proprietrios pedem 1 milho de libras (R$ 3,42 milhes) e detalham as qualidades do local: vista infinita do mar, tranquilidade absoluta garantida, nada de impostos.

Atualmente Michael - filho de Roy - que est frente dos destinos desta ilha. Com 54 anos, substituiu o seu pai em 1999 devido a problemas de sade daquele, mas no mostra grande apego ao seu reino e agora tenciona vend-lo. "Temos sido os proprietrios durante 40 anos, e meu pai tem j 85. Faz falta a descoberta de um processo de rejuvenescimento", afirmou o herdeiro Michael a um jornal ingls. Sobre o preo que pede, ele assinalou: "Falou-se em valores astronmicos, porm veremos o que nos oferecem. O cu o limite". O "prncipe", que demonstra desinteresse na ilha, vive a maior parte do tempo em terra firme.

Em 2007 os administradores do site The Pirate Bay anunciaram o interesse em comprar Sealand para l hospedar os seus servidores, que formam "o maior tracker de BitTorrents do mundo" (segundo os prprios). Os fundadores do Partido Pirata esto interessados em ter um pouco de paz e sossego e hospedar seus servios longe de aes judiciais, como as tentativas feitas pela RIAA (indstria fonogrfica estadunidense) e outros. Para conseguir o dinheiro necessrio, fizeram campanhas de doaes. [12]

Sem reas cultivveis, indstria florescente ou abundncia de recursos naturais, a nao de ao e cimento tem um produto interno bruto (PIB) avaliado em US$ 600 mil, obtido "em sua maior parte por meio de comrcio na internet", segundo Bates. pelo site do "governo" de Sealand que se vendem camisetas, bandeiras e btons - alm dos ttulos de Lorde e Baro, negociados respectivamente a 29,99 e 44,99 libras esterlinas[13] .

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Principality of Sealand – Uncyclopedia – Wikia

Posted: July 25, 2016 at 3:58 pm

The Principality of Sealand (not to be confused with SeaWorld, who ignores our annexation requests) is a glorious country off the coast of England that is loved by many, and feared by all; at least it would be if not for the fact that no other nation recognizes its true sovereignty, probably out of envy. This land of hope and glory conveniently occupies the space of an abandoned sea fort, standing above the English Channel, and is ruled by the honorable Bates family. Prince Roy and Prince Regent Michael Bates shield the young nation from dangers foreign and internal alike. Though the Principality of Sealand has experienced innumerable hardships and trials, it has since emerged as a powerful and respected governmental entity, despite what everyone else says. They're just jealous, the overbearing twits.

Not pictured is the massive, sprawling underwater city home to thousands of royal servants and citizens.

It isn't proven that the Principality of Sealand didn't originate from the very nethers of Venus herself, so we have to presume that this is so. History says that Sealand was originally an old WWII sea fort that was occupied by a less than sane Pirate Radio broadcaster in the late 1960's, but we all know that history is a confusing, unclear subject, and any dissenter could fabricate fallacies to discredit others. It is in fact well known that Sealand was the true homeland of its now prince Paddy Roy Bates [1].

For several years, the nascent nation prospered, bringing in an era of peace and prosperity within all 0.55km2 of its land. Other than a few ramblers foolish enough to trespass its borders to spy under the guise of "fishing" or "buoy repairs", Sealand was peaceful, thanks to the rule of the Bates family, and the hard work of its citizens (all two of them). Sadly, this peace was to be short lived; it was only a matter of time before someone tried to invade the country. While the Bates family was in a diplomatic trip in London, a group of German and Dutch mercenaries, led by the generally unpleasant Alexander Achenbach, self proclaimed Prime Minister of Sealand, temporarily occupied the fort, and took Roy Bates' son Michael hostage[2]. Through what we can only assume as a daring rescue mission involving spectacular heroics, Roy Bates retook his land and saved his son. To this day, the vile invaders still wait patiently for the day when Roy Bates dies, running their government-in-exile in their mother's basement.

After the Achenbach Debacle of '78, Sealand was again at peace. Benefiting from the lack of dirty foreigners poisoning the mother land with their "hopes" and "aspirations for the future", the Principality expanded, eventually reaching the dark underbelly of Cyberspace! HavenCo, which was co-owned by Prince Regent Michael Bates and Ryan Lackey, was a titular haven of unregulated data and other technobabble terms, free from the chains of rules and petty morality. Where the great would not be constrained by the small. And with the sweat of your brow, HavenCo could've became your Data Haven as well if not for its sudden closure in 2008.

A large number of counterfeit Sealand passports were in circulation, used by criminals to aide in their crimes and, worst of all, not serve the motherland. Because of this, the Royal Bates family had to revoke all Sealand passports, including ones officially issued by them over the past twenty two years.

On July of 2006, a fire which was allegedly caused by an electrical failure, almost threatened the existence of the young nation. The situation got so bad that a helicopter was needed to ferry citizens to safety. Luckily, the fire was stopped, and the fort was completely repaired by November of that year. Some fishermen were found within a mile of the fort right before the fire, and were executed following a thorough, one-hour investigation.

Unbeknownst to most, the Magna Carta was actually based on Sealand's constitution, despite the mild time differences.

The Principality of Sealand is ruled by the Royal Bates family under a constitutional monarchy. All of the power is vested on the Royal Family and their associates. Anyone who says otherwise will be thrown off. Though this system of government may be somewhat similar to another certain island nation to the north, Sealand actually invented the concept of monarchy, and anyone using it owes Sealand large amounts of money. Claims that the Principality of Sealand is a fascist state are unsubstantiated and will be met with severe punishment from the police force. Currently, Michael Bates is Prince Regent, the head of state and the de facto ruler of the Principality, although Roy Bates still holds the title of Prince. The fact that Roy Bates would name himself "Prince" instead of "King" shows that he still considers humility a principal virtue, as do all of subjects that bask in his glory.

The Sealand Royal Family is to be addressed with utmost respect, and any signs of disrespect, such as not calling Roy Bates's wife, Princess (she likes that, you know) will be met with deportation via defenestration.

No government has recognized Sealand's state as a country. In fact, they believe that the Principality is merely a micronation run by a deranged pirate broadcaster that managed to evade the law by living in international waters, despite the fact that these claims are extremely silly and not-at-all true.

Since the only thing that Sealand has an abundance of is patriotism and sea watertwo things most people already have too much ofthe Principality of Sealand currently has nothing to export; the only things Sealand imports is porta-potties and food, and both items are only to be used by the royal family (royal servants are fed barnacles and sea water). Despite the setbacks in the economy (or lack thereof), the Principality of Sealand still issues currency for use in buying and selling goods within the country's borders.

To help with the monetary costs of the maintenance needed to support the Principality, Sealand has recently begun selling T-shirts, mugs, pens, and other trinkets to online buyers. While supplies last, see store for details. The country has also started selling the titles of Lord, Lady, Baron, and Baroness to people, to fill the high demand of internet users wanting to be part of royalty. Tourists are occasionally welcomed into the motherland, mostly for sightseeing and good PR. Other times, we allow certain allies into the fort, but due to the Achenbach debacle, Sealand has much more strict immigration laws than other countries. Sealand has been attacked by terrorists before, and if the rest of the world had followed Sealand's example, the Earth would've been completely free of suspicious foreigners.

Sealand has had amicable relations with its allies all around the world: all two of them!

Sealand has had a long and complicated history with the motherland, ranging from mild annoyance to unsympathetic apathy. Like all other nations, it does not recognize Sealand as a true country, but it does make sure not to trifle with Sealand's business: the country lies in international waters, and it is much easier to ignore someone than to be completely hostile with them if they don't directly antagonize you. The Royal Bates family originally hailed from England, and still has citizenship there, but during diplomatic visits to their previous homeland, they don't seem to be treated with the same dignity and respect as other diplomats. Yes, it's true that being a diplomat allows you free food at any restaurant franchise for life, regardless of what the manager says.

Sealand has had a somewhat complicated history with Germany: Alexander Achenbach came from Deutschland, and so did a lot of his cronies. On the other hand, Germany did send a diplomat to Sealand to petition for Achenbachs' release, so according to rules set by Sealand, this was a diplomatic mission, and counts as a recognition of Sealand's nationhood, right?

Russia scares us. No further comments.

The future is one thing that most Sealanders are quite wary of (not Prince Roy though, he can smell time), but uncertainty has never stopped the Principality of Sealand from reaching its lofty goals. Sealand already has a film in the works, and the space program is already burgeoning, despite minor setbacks involving catapult malfunctions. Though some might cower at the face of tomorrow, we spit in tomorrow's face, tell it to cry to its mother while making an effigy of tomorrow, and then lighting it on fire with the decomposing stomach gases of tomorrow's close relatives.

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Principato di Sealand – Wikipedia

Posted: July 1, 2016 at 2:46 pm

Da Wikipedia, l'enciclopedia libera.

Coordinate: 515339.93N 12856.91E / 51.894425N 1.482475E51.894425; 1.482475

Il principato di Sealand (in inglese Principality of Sealand, terra del mare) una struttura artificiale creata dal governo inglese durante la seconda guerra mondiale, occupata fin dal 1967 dalla famiglia di Paddy Roy Bates e dai loro compagni, che la proclamarono "principato con sovranit indipendente".

Anche se i componenti della famiglia di Bates, attuali custodi, la dichiarano essere una micronazione indipendente, Sealand in realt non riconosciuta come Stato sovrano da nessuna nazione del mondo.

Nel 1942, durante la Seconda guerra mondiale, il HM Fort Rough venne costruito in Inghilterra come una delle Fortezze marittime Maunsell. Comprendeva una grande zattera galleggiante con una sovrastruttura di due torri unite da un ponte sul quale potevano essere aggiunte altre strutture. La zattera venne trainata fino al banco di sabbia Rough Sands dove venne intenzionalmente allagata, in modo che lo scafo affondasse e si appoggiasse sul fondo. Le colonne, rimaste emerse, e la piattaforma superiore costituiscono la sovrastruttura del vascello rimasta in vista.

La struttura (a cui era stato dato il nome di Roughs Tower oltre a quello di Fort Rough, per via delle secche su cui era appoggiato) venne occupata da 150-300 membri della Royal Navy per tutta la Seconda guerra mondiale; la loro funzione era quella di difesa antiaerea, ma, dopo la guerra, tutto il personale venne evacuato e l'HMS Fort Rough abbandonato.

La vigilia di Natale del 1966, il forte venne occupato da Paddy Roy Bates (sposato con Joan Collins), un cittadino britannico che aveva avuto problemi legali a causa di una stazione radio, "Radio Essex". Egli dopo aver discusso coi suoi avvocati su come fare per mantenere la sua radio attiva decise di proclamare la piattaforma uno stato indipendente.

Nel 1968 Michael Bates (figlio di Roy) venne convocato a giudizio a causa di un incidente in cui vennero anche sparati alcuni colpi da una fregata della marina inglese nella vicinanze di Sealand. Secondo alcuni rapporti, gli occupanti del vascello intendevano espellere Bates dalla fortezza, mentre per altri stavano semplicemente tentando di riparare una vicina boa nautica. Il 25 novembre 1968 la corte afferm che, poich l'incidente era avvenuto al di fuori delle acque territoriali inglesi, essa non aveva alcuna giurisdizione sull'avvenuto.[2]

Nel 1978, mentre Roy Bates era assente, il "primo ministro" che egli aveva incaricato, il professor Alexander Achenbach, e diversi cittadini dei Paesi Bassi organizzarono la cattura di Roughs Tower, trattenendo Michael, figlio di Bates, come ostaggio, prima di rilasciarlo diversi giorni dopo nei Paesi Bassi.

Bates arruol dei mercenari e con un elicottero d'assalto riprese la fortezza. Tenne quindi prigionieri gli invasori reclamandoli come prigionieri di guerra. I cittadini dei Paesi Bassi partecipanti all'invasione furono rimpatriati alla cessazione della "guerra"; invece Achenbach, di cittadinanza tedesca, venne accusato di "tradimento contro Sealand" e imprigionato indefinitamente. I governi dei Paesi Bassi e della Germania avanzarono una petizione al governo britannico per il suo rilascio, ma la Gran Bretagna disconobbe ogni responsabilit, citando la decisione della corte del 1968.[3]

La Germania invi allora un diplomatico a Roughs Tower per negoziare il rilascio di Achenbach e dopo diverse settimane Roy Bates cedette, affermando successivamente che, a suo dire, la visita diplomatica costituiva il riconoscimento de facto di Sealand da parte della Germania (la Germania non ha confermato questa interpretazione personale di Bates).

In seguito al suo rimpatrio, il professor Achenbach stabil un "Governo in esilio" in Germania, in opposizione a quello di Roy Bates, assumendo il titolo di "Segretario del Concilio Privato". Alle dimissioni di Achenbach per ragioni di salute nell'agosto 1989 il "Ministro per la Cooperazione Economica" del governo ribelle, Johannes Seiger, assunse il controllo con la posizione di "Primo Ministro e Segretario del Concilio Privato". Seiger continua ad affermare di essere l'autorit legittima di governo di Sealand.[4]

A partire dagli anni novanta, per un certo periodo, Sealand produsse anche passaporti. A causa della quantit massiccia di passaporti in circolazione (stimata in circa 150.000 unit), nel 1997, la famiglia Bates revoc tutti i passaporti di Sealand che aveva essa stessa emesso nei precedenti 30 anni.[5]

L'affermazione che Sealand sia uno Stato indipendente e sovrano si basa su una interpretazione di una decisione, di magistratura inglese, risalente al 1968, in cui stato dichiarato che Roughs Tower si trovasse in acque internazionali e quindi al di fuori della giurisdizione dei tribunali nazionali.

Nel diritto internazionale, le scuole di pensiero pi comuni per la creazione di uno stato sono le teorie costitutive e dichiarative della creazione dello stato. La teoria costitutiva il modello standard ottocentesco della statualit e la teoria dichiarativa stata sviluppata nel XX secolo per ovviare alle carenze della teoria costitutiva. Nella teoria costitutiva, esiste uno stato esclusivamente tramite il riconoscimento da parte di altri stati. La teoria si divide se questo riconoscimento richiede 'riconoscimento diplomatico' o semplicemente 'il riconoscimento dell'esistenza'. Sealand non ha ricevuto alcun riconoscimento ufficiale, ma stato sostenuto da Bates che i negoziati condotti dalla Germania a seguito di un breve episodio di ostaggi costituisca 'il riconoscimento dell'esistenza' (e, dato che il governo tedesco secondo come riferito ha inviato un ambasciatore alla torre, riconoscimento diplomatico). Nella teoria dichiarativa di statualit, un'entit diventa uno stato non appena soddisfa i criteri minimi per la statualit. Pertanto, il riconoscimento da parte di altri Stati puramente 'dichiarativo'.

A prescindere dal suo status giuridico, Sealand gestito dalla famiglia Bates come se fosse un'entit sovrana riconosciuta e verrebbe trasmesso agli eredi di famiglia. Roy Bates si designato come 'il principe Roy' e la sua vedova come 'principessa Joan'. Il loro figlio chiamato nella piattaforma "sua altezza reale il principe Michael" ed stato indicato come il 'Principe Reggente' della famiglia Bates dal 1999. In questo ruolo, egli sarebbe 'Capo dello Stato' e anche 'capo di Governo '. In una conferenza sulle micronazioni, ospitate dall'Universit di Sunderland nel 2004, Sealand fu rappresentata da Michael Bates . L'impianto ora occupato da uno o pi bidelli rappresentanti di Michael Bates, il quale risiede in Essex, Inghilterra.

La Costituzione di Sealand stata scritta nel 1974. Si compone di un preambolo e sette articoli. Il preambolo afferma l'indipendenza del Sealand, mentre gli articoli variamente trattano lo stato di Sealand come una monarchia costituzionale, il potenziamento degli uffici di governo, il ruolo di un nominato, Senato consultivo, le funzioni di una nomina, di consulenza tribunale legale, il divieto di portare armi, se non per i membri di un designato 'Sealand Guardia', il diritto esclusivo del sovrano di formulare la politica estera e modificare la costituzione e la patrilineare successione ereditaria della monarchia. Il sistema giudiziario di Sealand afferma di seguire la common law britannica e gli statuti assumono la forma di decreti emanati dal sovrano. Sealand ha rilasciato passaporti di "fantasia" (come definito dal Consiglio dell'Unione europea), che ovviamente non sono validi per i viaggi internazionali e detiene il Guinness World Record per 'la pi piccola area che rivendica lo status di nazione'. Il motto di Sealand Ex Mare Libertas (dal mare, Libert). Appare sugli oggetti Sealandic - come francobolli, passaporti e monete - ed il titolo dell'inno: Sealandic. L'inno stato composto dal londinese Basil Simonenko; essendo un inno strumentale, non ha parole. Nel 2005, l'inno stato registrato dalla Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra e pubblicato nel loro CD "Inni Nazionali del Mondo", vol. 7: Qatar - Siria.

Nel 2000 la polizia spagnola ha scoperto un gruppo criminale che vendeva passaporti di Sealand (dichiarati come falsi da Sealand); si sospett che il gruppo fosse coinvolto in molti crimini di alto profilo, incluso l'omicidio di Gianni Versace.[1]

Intorno al 2000, Sealand si fece conoscere da molti appassionati di informatica, proponendosi dapprima di ospitare siti web ritenuti di dubbia legalit nei paesi di origine, poi offrendo asilo a Napster. Nel 2007 Sealand stato messo in vendita da Michael Bates[6][7]. Il prezzo stimato nel 2007 era di 750 milioni di euro. Il 9 gennaio 2007, il sito The Pirate Bay, uno dei pi famosi tracker per BitTorrent, ha annunciato di voler acquistare Sealand raccogliendo fondi attraverso libere donazioni versate su conto Paypal. Tuttavia ha rinunciato, dopo solo due settimane, a causa del disinteresse per la vendita mostrato da Bates.

La vendita poi sfumata del tutto a seguito della chiusura dell'agenzia immobiliare spagnola che se ne occupava, Inmonaranja, nel 2008.[8]

Il 9 ottobre del 2012, Roy Bates deceduto per cause naturali a 91 anni. Il titolo di "principe", per diritto ereditario, andato a Michael Bates (coniugato con Lorraine Wheeler), figlio primogenito che dal 1999 serviva come "reggente", essendo il padre affetto dalla malattia di Alzheimer. Suo erede James, il secondogenito nato nel 1986.[9]

Il 10 marzo 2016 deceduta in una casa di riposo anche la "principessa" Joan Bates, all'et di 86 anni.[8]

La struttura si trova a circa 10km al largo della costa del Suffolk (Inghilterra), alle coordinate 51 53' 40 N e 1 28' 57 E. Sulla struttura artificiale abitano cinque persone, su una superficie di circa 1300m.

Per la sua costruzione, una chiatta della Royal Navy venne rimorchiata sopra la secca marittima di Rough Sands, nel Mare del Nord, e affondata intenzionalmente.

Il 22 maggio 2013 l'alpinista Kenton Cool posiziona una bandiera di Sealand alla sommit del monte Everest.

L'ideazione della nobilt del principato divenuta una fonte di reddito in quanto essa non acquisibile per via ereditaria, ma si pu acquistare (anche su Internet), indipendentemente dalla cittadinanza posseduta, un attestato, approvato con nulla osta dalla famiglia reale, che conferisce il titolo di "lord", "barone" o "conte" (oppure anche di "lady", "baronessa" o "contessa") di Sealand; nel 2013 stato ideato anche il titolo di "cavaliere" dell'ordine di Sealand.[10]. I certificati sono ovviamente riconosciuti all'interno del solo principato e permettono di essere invitati come consiglieri del "principe", partecipare a banchetti e manifestazioni che si possono tenere nel principato stesso o anche in sede estera.[11]

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SeaLand :: Shipping Made Simple

Posted: June 25, 2016 at 11:00 am

Manage your shipments using "My Shipments"

On the My SeaLand you'll find, at a glance, an overview of all your current, future and past shipments.

We have improved the way you make a booking in a number of ways.

Fill in shipping instructions using our simple 5-step wizard. If the Duplicate Shipment feature was used during the booking creation, you will find that details are already updated, but may be edited. By detailed information about the payment terms, you can be assured that the invoice will go to the right party. Preview your bill of lading to ensure everything is correct before submitting. Access, approve or amend your verify copy online and print your bill of lading.

MyFinance is comprised of four key functions: eInvoice, eDispute, eStatement and ePayment, (ePayment is only available in North America). With these features you can view, download and print financial documents in a variety of formats anytime, day or night with no waiting or having to pick up the phone. Best of all, you can take control of your company's finances and increase efficiency.

In the Shipment Binder you will have all information about the transport plan.

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SeaLand Toilet – PPL Motor Homes

Posted: at 11:00 am

These Sealand toilets from Dometic have many such advantages as:

NOTE: These Sealand toilets (510H) now use a two-bolt floor connection. If you are replacing a Sealand toilet that had the older four-bolt arrangement, you will need a Mounting Adapter Kit. Order below.

The SeaLand Traveler toilets are available in White or Bone in either the with sprayer or without sprayer models. Call PPL Parts Superstore with any additional questions and to place your order.

NOTE: Due to Fedex and UPS hazmat regulations, expedited shipping is not available for toilets. Standard ground transportation will be used for all toilets.

Please order online below. For questions or phone ordering, our telephone lines ( Toll Free 1-800-755-4775 ) are Open 7am to 7:30pmMon-Fri, 9am-4pmSat, (Central Time) Sale Prices Shown are Valid Until 06/24/16.

PPL's RV Parts Superstore stocks popular products for immediate delivery. Also, we can quickly deliver almost any item from our warehouses located throughout the United States. We will work hard to help you obtain the products and parts that you need. Our Sale Prices are limited to in-stock quantities for some items.

Click on this link to return to SeaLand Toilet plus an index of links to many additional RV Toilets, Holding Tanks & Sanitation. PPL's RV Parts Superstore has 1000's of RV Parts and Accessories for sale. If you do not find the item you are looking for, please call us at 1-800-755-4775 .

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Sealand – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Posted: June 22, 2016 at 11:43 pm

Sealand is a self-claimed country in the North Sea, but it is not an island. A structure called Roughs Tower was built in the sea by the British Royal Navy, and later became Sealand. It is very small. There is only room for 10 people on it. Even though a man named Michael Bates says Sealand is a country, not all countries agree with him. Once some people from The Netherlands went to Sealand to take it over. Michael Bates did not want this to happen, so he used helicopters and fought them to get it back. He won, and put some of those people in jail until he was pressured to let them go by other countries. If a boat goes too near Sealand, people from Sealand might fire guns at the boat. Even though Michael Bates says he is the prince of Sealand, it is very small so he usually is not there. Other people stay there to take care of Sealand. Sealand has its own stamps, national anthem, money, flag, and more things just like a real country. Bates' reasons why Sealand should be a real country are these: Sealand is out in the ocean, and when Sealand was created no country owned the ocean. Also, people asked Michael Bates to let his prisoners from The Netherlands go. Bates said that if they thought Sealand was not a country, they would not ask him to do that.

The owners claim that Sealand is an independent sovereign state because in 1968 an English court decided that Roughs Tower was in international waters and outside the jurisdiction of the British courts.[8]

In international law, the two most common rules of statehood are the constitutive and declaratory theories of state creation. In the constitutive theory, a state exists by recognition by other states. The theory splits on whether this recognition requires "diplomatic recognition" or just "recognition of existence". No other state grants Sealand official recognition, but it has been argued by Bates that negotiations carried out by Germany constituted "recognition of existence". In the declaratory theory of statehood, an entity becomes a state as soon as it meets the minimal criteria for statehood. Therefore recognition by other states is purely "declaratory".[9] In 1987, the UK extended its territorial waters from three to twelve miles. Sealand now sits inside waters that Britain claims as its territory.[10]

Irrespective of its legal status, Sealand is managed by the Bates family as if it were a recognised sovereign entity, and they are its hereditary royal rulers. Roy Bates styles himself "Prince Roy" and his wife "Princess Joan". Their son is known as "His Royal Highness Prince Michael" and has been referred to as the "Prince Regent" by the Bates family since 1999.[11] In this role, he apparently serves as Sealand's acting "Head of State" and also its "Head of Government".[12] At a micronations conference hosted by the University of Sunderland in 2004, Sealand was represented by Michael Bates' son James, who was referred to as "Prince Royal James."[13] The facility is now occupied by one or more caretakers representing Michael Bates, who himself resides in Essex, England.[11] Sealand's constitution was instituted in 1974. It consists of a preamble and seven articles. The preamble asserts Sealand's independence, while the articles variously deal with Sealand's status as a constitutional monarchy, the empowerment of government bureaus, the role of an appointed, advisory senate, the functions of an appointed, advisory legal tribunal, a proscription against the bearing of arms except by members of a designated "Sealand Guard", the exclusive right of the sovereign to formulate foreign policy and alter the constitution, and the hereditary patrilinear succession of the monarchy.[14] Sealand's legal system is claimed to follow British common law, and statutes take the form of decrees enacted by the sovereign.[15] Sealand has issued passports and has operated as a flag of convenience state, and it also holds the Guinness World Record for "the smallest area to lay claim to nation status".[16] Sealand's motto is E Mare Libertas (English: From the Sea, Freedom).[17] It appears on Sealandic items, such as stamps, passports, and coins, and is the title of the Sealandic anthem. The anthem was composed by Londoner Basil Simonenko;[18] it does not have lyrics.

At the beginning of 2007, the Bates put an ad in the newspaper. They would like to sell Sealand for 65 million pounds. [19][20] National motto: E mare libertas (Latin: From the sea, freedom)

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