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Category Archives: Sealand
Posted: February 14, 2017 at 11:49 am
For more information about the structure claimed by Sealand see HM Fort Roughs
The Principality of Sealand is an unrecognised micronation that claims Roughs Tower, an offshore platform located in the North Sea approximately 12 kilometres (7.5mi) off the coast of Suffolk, England, as its territory. Roughs Tower is a disused Maunsell Sea Fort, originally called HM Fort Roughs, built as an anti-aircraft defensive gun platform by the British during World War II.
Since 1967, the decommissioned HM Fort Roughs has been occupied by family and associates of Paddy Roy Bates, who claim that it is an independent sovereign state. Bates seized it from a group of pirate radio broadcasters in 1967 with the intention of setting up his own station at the site. He attempted to establish Sealand as a nation-state in 1975 with the writing of a national constitution and establishment of other national symbols.
While it has been described as the world's smallest country or nation, Sealand is not officially recognised by any established sovereign state in spite of Sealand's government's claim that it has been de facto recognised by the United Kingdom and Germany. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in force since 1994 states "Artificial islands, installations and structures do not possess the status of islands. They have no territorial sea of their own, and their presence does not affect the delimitation of the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone or the continental shelf". Since 1987, Sealand lies within the territorial waters of the United Kingdom.
Bates moved to the mainland when he became elderly, naming his son Michael regent. Bates died in October 2012 at the age of 91. Michael lives in Suffolk, England.
In 1943, during World War II, HM Fort Roughs (sometimes called Roughs Tower) was constructed by the United Kingdom as one of the Maunsell Forts, primarily to defend the vital shipping lanes in nearby estuaries against German Navy mine-laying aircraft. It consisted of a floating pontoon base with a superstructure of two hollow towers joined by a deck upon which other structures could be added. The fort was towed to a position above the Rough Sands sandbar, where its base was deliberately flooded to sink it on its final resting place. This is approximately 7 nautical miles (13km) from the coast of Suffolk, outside the then 3nmi (6km) claim of the United Kingdom and, therefore, in international waters. The facility was occupied by 150300 Royal Navy personnel throughout World War II; the last full-time personnel left in 1956.
Roughs Tower was occupied in February and August 1965 by Jack Moore and his daughter Jane, squatting on behalf of the pirate station Wonderful Radio London.
On 2 September 1967, the fort was occupied by Major Paddy Roy Bates, a British subject and pirate radio broadcaster, who ejected a competing group of pirate broadcasters. Bates intended to broadcast his pirate radio station called Radio Essex from the platform. Despite having the necessary equipment, he never began broadcasting. Bates declared the independence of Roughs Tower and deemed it the Principality of Sealand.
In 1968, British workmen entered what Bates claimed to be his territorial waters in order to service a navigational buoy near the platform. Michael Bates (son of Paddy Roy Bates) tried to scare the workmen off by firing warning shots from the former fort. As Bates was a British subject at the time, he was summoned to court in England on firearms charges following the incident. But as the court ruled that the platform (which Bates was now calling "Sealand") was outside British territorial limits, being beyond the then 3-nautical-mile (6km) limit of the country's waters, the case could not proceed.
In 1975, Bates introduced a constitution for Sealand, followed by a national flag, a national anthem, a currency and passports.
In August 1978, Alexander Achenbach, who describes himself as the Prime Minister of Sealand, hired several German and Dutch mercenaries to spearhead an attack on Sealand while Bates and his wife were in England. They stormed the platform with speedboats, jet skis and helicopters, and took Bates' son Michael hostage. Michael was able to retake Sealand and capture Achenbach and the mercenaries using weapons stashed on the platform. Achenbach, a German lawyer who held a Sealand passport, was charged with treason against Sealand and was held unless he paid DM75,000 (more than US$35,000 or 23,000). The governments of the Netherlands, Austria and Germany petitioned the British government for his release, but the United Kingdom disavowed his imprisonment, citing the 1968 court decision. Germany then sent a diplomat from its London embassy to Sealand to negotiate for Achenbach's release. Roy Bates relented after several weeks of negotiations and subsequently claimed that the diplomat's visit constituted de facto recognition of Sealand by Germany.
Following the former's repatriation, Achenbach and Gernot Ptz established a government in exile, sometimes known as the Sealand Rebel Government or Sealandic Rebel Government, in Germany. Achenbach's appointed successor, Johannes Seiger, continues to claim via his website that he is Sealand's legitimate ruling authority.
The claim that Sealand is an independent sovereign state is based on an interpretation of a 1968 decision of an English court, in which it was held that Roughs Tower was in international waters and thus outside the jurisdiction of the domestic courts.
In international law, the most common schools of thought for the creation of statehood are the constitutive and declaratory theories of state creation. The constitutive theory is the standard nineteenth-century model of statehood, and the declaratory theory was developed in the twentieth century to address shortcomings of the constitutive theory. In the constitutive theory, a state exists exclusively via recognition by other states. The theory splits on whether this recognition requires 'diplomatic recognition' or merely 'recognition of existence'. No other state grants Sealand official recognition, but it has been argued by Bates that negotiations carried out by Germany following a brief hostage incident constituted 'recognition of existence' (and, since the German government reportedly sent an ambassador to the tower, diplomatic recognition). In the declaratory theory of statehood, an entity becomes a state as soon as it meets the minimal criteria for statehood. Therefore, recognition by other states is purely 'declaratory'.
In 1987, the UK extended its territorial waters from 3 to 12 nautical miles (6 to 22km). Sealand now sits inside British waters. The United Kingdom is one of 165 parties to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (in force since 1994), which states in Part V, Article 60, that: 'Artificial islands, installations and structures do not possess the status of islands. They have no territorial sea of their own, and their presence does not affect the delimitation of the territorial sea, the exclusive economic zone or the continental shelf'. In the opinion of law academic John Gibson, there is little chance that Sealand would be recognised as a nation because it is a man-made structure.
Irrespective of its legal status, Sealand is managed by the Bates family as if it were a recognised sovereign entity and they are its hereditary royal rulers. Roy Bates styled himself as 'Prince Roy' and his widow 'Princess Joan'. Their son is known as 'His Royal Highness Prince Michael' and has been referred to as the 'Prince Regent' by the Bates family since 1999. In this role, he apparently serves as Sealand's acting 'Head of State' and also its 'Head of Government'. At a micronations conference hosted by the University of Sunderland in 2004, Sealand was represented by Michael Bates' son James. The facility is now occupied by one or more caretakers representing Michael Bates, who himself resides in Essex, England.
Sealand's constitution was instituted in 1974. It consists of a preamble and seven articles. The preamble asserts Sealand's independence, while the articles variously deal with Sealand's status as a constitutional monarchy, the empowerment of government bureaux, the role of an appointed, advisory senate, the functions of an appointed, advisory legal tribunal, a proscription against the bearing of arms except by members of a designated 'Sealand Guard', the exclusive right of the sovereign to formulate foreign policy and alter the constitution, and the hereditary patrilinear succession of the monarchy. Sealand's legal system is claimed to follow British common law, and statutes take the form of decrees enacted by the sovereign. Sealand has issued "fantasy passports" (as termed by the Council of the European Union), which are not valid for international travel, and holds the Guinness World Record for 'the smallest area to lay claim to nation status'. Sealand's motto is E Mare Libertas (From the Sea, Freedom). It appears on Sealandic items such as stamps, passports and coins and is the title of the Sealandic anthem. The anthem was composed by Londoner Basil Simonenko; being an instrumental anthem, it does not have lyrics. In 2005, the anthem was recorded by the Slovak Radio Symphony Orchestra and released on their CD National Anthems of the World, Vol. 7: Qatar Syria.
Sealand has been involved in several commercial operations, including the issuing of coins and postage stamps and the establishment of an offshore Internet hosting facility, or 'data haven'. Sealand also has an official website and publishes an online newspaper, Sealand News. In addition, a number of amateur athletes 'represent' Sealand in sporting events, including unconventional events like the egg throwing world championship, which the Sealand team won in 2008.
Several dozen different Sealand coins have been minted since 1972. In the early 1990s, Achenbach's German group also produced a coin, featuring a likeness of 'Prime Minister Seiger'. Sealand's coins and postage stamps are denominated in 'Sealand dollars', which it deems to be at parity with the U.S. dollar. Sealand first issued postage stamps in 1969, and issues through 1977. No further stamps were produced until 2010. Sealand is not a member of the Universal Postal Union, therefore its inward address is a PO Box in the United Kingdom. Once an item is mailed to Sealand's tourist and government office, it will then be taken to Sealand. Sealand only has one street address, The Row.
A Sealand mailing address looks like this:
Bureau of Internal Affairs 5, The Row SEALAND 1001 (c/o Sealand Post Bag, IP11 9SZ, UK)
Sealand also sells titles of individual nobility including Lord, Baron, Count and those titles' distaff equivalents. Following Roy Bates' 2012 death, Sealand also began publicly offering knighthoods & Coats of Arms.
In 1978, following the invasion, the Knights of the Sovereign Military Order of Sealand was formed by Prince Roy and Prince Michael to provide for the Principality's defense should it come under threat or attack. In 2012, following the passing of Prince Roy, membership in the Order was opened to sale to the general public.
In 2000, worldwide publicity was created about Sealand following the establishment of a new entity called HavenCo, a data haven, which effectively took control of Roughs Tower itself; however, Ryan Lackey, HavenCo's founder, later quit and claimed that Bates had lied to him by keeping the 19901991 court case[clarification needed] from him and that, as a result, he had lost the money he had invested in the venture. In November 2008, operations of HavenCo ceased without explanation.
Sealand is not recognized by any major international sporting body, and its population is insufficient to maintain a team composed entirely of Sealanders in any team sport. However, Sealand claims to have official national athletes, including non-Sealanders. These athletes take part in various sports, such as curling, mini-golf, football, fencing, ultimate frisbee, table football and athletics, although all its teams compete out of the country. The Sealand National Football Association is an associate member of the Nouvelle Fdration-Board, a football sanctioning body for non-recognised states and states not members of FIFA. It administers the Sealand national football team. In 2004 the national team played its first international game against land Islands national football team, drawing 22.
Sealand claims that its first official athlete was Darren Blackburn of Oakville, Ontario, Canada, who was appointed in 2003. Blackburn has represented Sealand at a number of local sporting events, including marathons and off-trail races. In 2004, mountaineer Slader Oviatt carried the Sealandic flag to the top of Muztagh Ata. Also in 2007, Michael Martelle represented the Principality of Sealand in the World Cup of Kung Fu, held in Quebec City, Canada; bearing the designation of Athleta Principalitas Bellatorius (Principal Martial Arts Athlete and Champion), Martelle won two silver medals, becoming the first-ever Sealand athlete to appear on a world championship podium.
In 2008, Sealand hosted a skateboarding event with Church and East sponsored by Red Bull. Sealand's fencing team is located in the United States, affiliated with the University of California, Irvine.
In 2009, Sealand announced the revival of the Football Association and their intention to compete in a future Viva World Cup. Scottish author Neil Forsyth was appointed as President of the Sealand Football Association. Sealand played the second game in their history against Chagos Islands on 5 May 2012, losing 31. The team included actor Ralf Little and former Bolton Wanderers defender Simon Charlton.
In 2009 and 2010, Sealand sent teams to play in various ultimate frisbee club tournaments in the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Netherlands. They placed 11th at UK nationals in 2010.
From early summer of 2012 Sealand has been represented in the flat track variant of roller derby, by a team principally composed of skaters from the South Wales area.
Sealand played a friendly match in aid of charity against an "All Stars" team from Fulham F.C. on 18 May 2013, losing 57.
On 22 May 2013, the mountaineer Kenton Cool placed a Sealand flag at the summit of Mount Everest.
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Posted: February 10, 2017 at 3:43 am
A man who drove dangerously in a bid to get away from police has been jailed.
Stefan Kelly, 23, at one stage drove around a police officer who stood in front of him to stop him but he later crashed into another vehicle.
Kelly, of East Green in Sealand, received a 12-month prison sentence and was banned from driving for 18 months.
He was also ordered at Mold Crown Court to take an extended driving test.
Judge Niclas Parry described it as a prolonged piece of dangerous driving when he had repeatedly put other road users at risk.
But for the evasive actions of other drivers, there would have been other collisions, Judge Parry said.
He ignored warnings during the police chase and there was a collision with another vehicle.
The judge said all that occurred when he was uninsured and a disqualified driver, which showed an utter disregard for court orders and for the safety of other road users.
His case was aggravated by his previous convictions which included a robbery charge, two previous charges of aggravated vehicle taking and a previous conviction for dangerous driving.
Only an immediate custodial sentence can be justified, he said, but he would receive maximum credit for his guilty pleas.
The court heard how Kelly admitted dangerous driving, failing to stop, driving without insurance and driving while disqualified when he appeared at Wrexham Magistrates Court last month.
His case was sent to the crown court for sentence.
Prosecuting barrister Matthew Dunford told how at 2.30pm on Friday, July 29 last year the defendant was seen driving a BMW 318 in an erratic way behind an unmarked police car on the A494.
The officer lit up the vehicles stop sign but the defendant overtook the police car and pulled in front of him, before exiting on a slip road towards Chester.
He drove at about 45 mph in a 30 mph limit area and went on the wrong side of the road, overtaking vehicles and causing oncoming vehicles to brake.
Kelly performed a sudden stop and left his car, was pursued on foot but then ran back into the vehicle.
The officer stood in front of the vehicle but Kelly drove around him and sped off, explained Mr Dunford.
Again the driving was erratic and caused other road users to take evasive action, he said.
The police located the car about a mile from where it had last been seen.
He was said to have done a wheel spin away from a junction leaving plumes of tyre smoke.
But then he drove into the back of a Mondeo being driven by Philip Keith and Kelly drove off without stopping, leaving the other driver with a sore neck and pain to his left hand.
His passenger also had a sore neck following the impact.
Kelly was eventually tracked down by the police but in interview gave no comment replies.
Robin Boag, defending, said Kelly suffered from dyslexia, he was working, and his girlfriend was due to give birth.
They had just been allocated a tenancy in Mold and it was believed a move from Deeside would be good for him.
He had convictions but had not been in trouble since 2013 and he had shown an ability to stay out of trouble.
Mr Boag suggested a suspended sentence with rehabilitation but the judge took a different view.
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Posted: February 7, 2017 at 8:43 am
SAFETY concerns have been raised about motorists seen driving through red lights outside a school.
Sealand councillor Christine Jones said she was mortified when she saw motorists driving through red lights on the crossing outside Sealand Primary School on Welsh Road.
Cllr Jones said such foolhardiness by motorists could cost a child their life.
She said: The cars are travelling at speed and the drivers seem to have no regard for the children and parents waiting to cross the very busy road.
The fact that these drivers are doing this at school times is totally outrageous and extremely dangerous.
We really need to make drivers aware that their inconsiderate and dangerous driving could claim a childs life.
Cllr Jones said the safety concerns meant Flintshire Council agreed the school could keep their lollipop person but so far they have had no takers for the job.
She added: The county council did a speed check recently and the results were presented to the community council.
The results did show some speeding traffic at certain times of the day but not enough to warrant a speed camera.
Ive emailed the police and told them of our worries.
These drivers have got to slow down before we have a tragedy at this location.
I really wish we could get a crossing patrol person, as this did not seem to occur as often when she was on patrol.
Cllr Jones added she had similar concerns at Sealand Aveune, with people driving along the road at speed.
She said she has asked for traffic calming measures and a give way sign at the crossroad in an attempt to increase safety on the road.
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Posted: February 2, 2017 at 10:10 am
In the early 60's, Roy Bates, a Major in the British army, established a radio station, situated offshore on an abandoned ex naval fort named "Knock John". The theory behind this location was an attempt to bypass the draconian broadcasting restrictions of the time, which permitted little more than formal broadcasting by the BBC. Roy's station, "Radio Essex", and others like it, were known affectionately by the media as Pirate radio stations, and were much loved by the British public, as they supplied everything that the BBC did not at the time, Pop music and amusing presenters.
In the years than ensued, Roy fought an unsuccessful legal battle with the UK government, which questioned the legality of his occupation of said fort. It was ruled that "Knock John" fell under UK jurisdiction. Smarting from his setback, Roy weighed his options. Another abandoned fortress, Roughs Tower, identical in construction to the Knock John existed further offshore, and crucially, outside of the three mile limit to which the UK jurisdiction extended. Roy proceeded to occupy Roughs Tower, on Christmas eve 1966, with the intention of revitalising his dormant radio station. This was until he conjured a different plan entirely. After consulting his lawyers, Roy decided to declare this fortress island the independent state of Sealand, Claiming Jus Gentium (Law of Nations") over a part of the globe that was "Terra Nullius (Nobody's Land).
On the 2nd of September 1967, accompanied by his wife Joan on her birthday, his son Michael (14), daughter Penelope (16) and several friends and followers, Roy declared the Principality of Sealand. The founding of this country was marked by the raising a newly designed flag, and in an extremely romantic birthday gesture, the bestowing of a new title on his beloved wife, to be know from that moment on as Princess Joan.
Posted: December 10, 2016 at 2:04 pm
Founded in 1984, SeaLand leads the marine industry in sanitation technology. Featuring odor-free performance, easy operation and outstanding efficiency, SeaLands patented VacuFlush technology has become one of the most sought-after sanitation systems for boat manufacturers and boat owners around the world. Acquired by Dometic in 2002, SeaLand is an important part of the Dometic brand portfolio.
The use of fresh-water eliminates the odors associated with raw-water flushing systems, while powerful vacuum action keeps toilet bowl and lines clean and improves holding tank efficiency with only 1 pint (0.5 liter) used per flush.
SeaLand sanitation products enhance the pleasure-boating lifestyle and reinforce SeaLands dedication to keeping the marine environment clean for every living being.
The annual First Watch Clean Water Awards are sponsored by SeaLand and given in tribute to people and organizations that keep boating waters free of pollution.
SeaLand is now sold under the Dometic brand, and the product assortment can be found in the following categories:
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Posted: December 7, 2016 at 8:08 am
The SEALS national football team is the team that represents the Principality of Sealand. It is not a member of FIFA or UEFA, but is an associate member of the N.F.-Board, an organisation for teams who are not members of FIFA. They were admitted to the N.F.-Board as a provisional member in 2005 and as an associate member in 2006.
The Sealand National Football Association (SNFA) was founded in 2003. In 2004, they played their first game against land drawing 22. All the players on the Sealand team were members of Vestbjerg Vintage Idrtsforening, a veterans side from Aalborg. However, the Danish-based SNFA ended their activities in 2006 and Sealand football took a break.
On 23 December 2009, Scottish author Neil Forsyth was appointed head of the revived SNFA. He stated a goal of participation in the 2010 VIVA World Cup, a dream ultimately ended by a lack of finance. On 5 May 2012, Sealand took to the field against fellow N.F.-Board members the Chagos Islands at Weycourt in Godalming, Surrey. The Chagossians won 31, with Ryan Moore scoring for Sealand. The team was captained by former Bolton Wanderers defender Simon Charlton and also included actor Ralf Little.
Sealand played an away game against Alderney on August 25, 2012. After drawing the match by a scoreline of 11, Sealand won 54 on penalties. On March 9, 2013 Sealand won their first ever international when they beat Alderney 21 in Godalming.
Sealand competed in the Tynwald Hill Tournament on the Isle of Man in July 2013. The tournament was held at Mullen-e-Cloie, St John's. Following a late 53 defeat to Tamil Eelam and an 80 demolition at the hands of eventual winners Occitania, Sealand finished bottom of their group and went on to the 5th place playoff where they beat Alderney 21.
In February 2014 Sealand recorded their record win as they beat the Chagos Islands 42 in Godalming.
In May 2014 Sealand drew 11 with the Chagos Islands at Crawley Town a fortnight before another draw, 22 with Somaliland (who were making their non-FIFA debut) in London.
Sealand underwent a European tour for the first time in August 2014 which proved to be hugely successful. In Chur a record 61 win over Raetia saw Dan Hughes become the record-scorer with 4 goals, before a 32 win over Seborga in Ospedaletti, Italy. Hughes added to his tally in that game and the Seals extended their unbeaten international run to 6 games.
Sealand's kit has the same colors as the flag of Sealand. Their original kit consisted of a red shirt with white trim, black shorts and white socks, and was provided by JJB with sponsorship from UK investment firm Property Secrets.
For the Tynwald Tournament, Sealand introduced a new Nike home kit, in red, with a white stripe down the right-hand side. In the 80 defeat to Occitania, Sealand debuted their Stanno away kit of a white shirt with pale red shorts.
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Posted: November 25, 2016 at 10:18 am
ACX SOUTHBOUND KINGSTON (JM) - CARTAGENA (CO) - MANZANILLO (PA) - MANAUS (BR) - VITORIA (BR) - SANTOS (BR) - NAVEGANTES (BR) - PARANAGUA (BR) - SANTOS (BR) - RIO DE JANEIRO (BR) - SALVADOR (BR) View Map ACX NORTHBOUND NAVEGANTES (BR) - PARANAGUA (BR) - SANTOS (BR) - RIO DE JANEIRO (BR) - SALVADOR (BR) - KINGSTON (JM) - CARTAGENA (CO) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map CALYPSO EASTBOUND MANZANILLO (PA) - BARRANQUILLA (CO) - CARTAGENA (CO) - SANTA MARTA (CO) - POINT LISAS (TT) - GEORGETOWN (GY) - PARAMARIBO (SR) View Map CALYPSO WESTBOUND GEORGETOWN (GY) - PARAMARIBO (SR) - POINT LISAS (TT) - BARRANQUILLA (CO) - SANTA MARTA (CO) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map CARIBBEAN WESTBOUND RIO HAINA (DO) - SAN JUAN (PR) - CAUCEDO (DO) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map CARIBBEAN EASTBOUND MANZANILLO (PA) - CAUCEDO (DO) - RIO HAINA (DO) - SAN JUAN (PR) View Map CARNAVAL SOUTHBOUND ORANJESTAD (AW) - WILLEMSTAD (CW) - MANZANILLO (PA) - PORT-AU-PRINCE (HT) - KINGSTON (JM) View Map CARNAVAL NORTHBOUND MANZANILLO (PA) - PORT-AU-PRINCE (HT) - KINGSTON (JM) - ORANJESTAD (AW) - WILLEMSTAD (CW) View Map CURACAO WESTBOUND WILLEMSTAD (CW) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map CURACAO EASTBOUND MANZANILLO (PA) - WILLEMSTAD (CW) View Map ECUBEX SOUTHBOUND MANZANILLO (PA) - BALBOA (PA) - GUAYAQUIL (EC) View Map ECUBEX NORTHBOUND GUAYAQUIL (EC) - BALBOA (PA) - MANZANILLO (PA) - SANTA MARTA (CO) View Map ECUMED SOUTHBOUND CAUCEDO (DO) - MANZANILLO (PA) - BUENAVENTURA (CO) - GUAYAQUIL (EC) View Map ECUMED NORTHBOUND GUAYAQUIL (EC) - BALBOA (PA) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map GUANTA EASTBOUND KINGSTON (JM) - MANZANILLO (PA) - GUANTA (VE) View Map GUANTA WESTBOUND GUANTA (VE) - KINGSTON (JM) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map GULFEX NORTHBOUND RIO GRANDE (BR) - NAVEGANTES (BR) - SANTOS (BR) - RIO DE JANEIRO (BR) - CARTAGENA (CO) - VERACRUZ (MX) - ALTAMIRA (MX) - HOUSTON (US) - NEW ORLEANS (US) View Map GULFEX SOUTHBOUND VERACRUZ (MX) - ALTAMIRA (MX) - HOUSTON (US) - NEW ORLEANS (US) - CAUCEDO (DO) - SUAPE (BR) - SANTOS (BR) - RIO GRANDE (BR) - NAVEGANTES (BR) View Map MAE SOUTHBOUND HOUSTON (US) - ALTAMIRA (MX) - VERACRUZ (MX) - SANTO TOMAS (GT) - PUERTO CORTES (HN) - PUERTO LIMON (CR) - MANZANILLO (PA) - CARTAGENA (CO) - CAUCEDO (DO) - SAN JUAN (PR) View Map MAE NORTHBOUND CAUCEDO (DO) - SAN JUAN (PR) - CARTAGENA (CO) - MANZANILLO (PA) - PUERTO LIMON (CR) - SANTO TOMAS (GT) - PUERTO CORTES (HN) - HOUSTON (US) - ALTAMIRA (MX) - VERACRUZ (MX) View Map MARACAIBO WESTBOUND GUARANAO (VE) - MARACAIBO (VE) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map MARACAIBO EASTBOUND MANZANILLO (PA) - GUARANAO (VE) - MARACAIBO (VE) View Map NAE NORTHBOUND CARTAGENA (CO) - MANZANILLO (PA) - PORT EVERGLADES (US) - PHILADELPHIA (US) - NEW YORK (US) - SAVANNAH (US) View Map NAE SOUTHBOUND PHILADELPHIA (US) - NEW YORK (US) - SAVANNAH (US) - PORT EVERGLADES (US) - CARTAGENA (CO) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map OCEANIA SOUTHBOUND PHILADELPHIA (US) - CHARLESTON (US) - CARTAGENA (CO) - BALBOA (PA) View Map OCEANIA NORTHBOUND CRISTOBAL (PA) - MANZANILLO (PA) - CARTAGENA (CO) - PHILADELPHIA (US) - CHARLESTON (US) View Map PLATA FEEDER NORTHBOUND MONTEVIDEO (UY) - BUENOS AIRES (AR) - RIO GRANDE (BR) - NAVEGANTES (BR) View Map PLATA FEEDER SOUTHBOUND NAVEGANTES (BR) - MONTEVIDEO (UY) - BUENOS AIRES (AR) - RIO GRANDE (BR) View Map SAE NORTHBOUND MANZANILLO (PA) - PUERTO CORTES (HN) - SANTO TOMAS (GT) - FREEPORT (BS) - WILMINGTON (US) - NORFOLK (US) - PHILADELPHIA (US) - SAVANNAH (US) View Map SAE SOUTHBOUND NORFOLK (US) - PHILADELPHIA (US) - WILMINGTON (US) - SAVANNAH (US) - SANTO TOMAS (GT) - PUERTO CORTES (HN) - PUERTO MOIN (CR) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map SL CUMBIA SOUTHBOUND VERACRUZ (MX) - ALTAMIRA (MX) - HOUSTON (US) - NEW ORLEANS (US) - KINGSTON (JM) - CARTAGENA (CO) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map VENEZUELA WESTBOUND (LAG) LA GUAIRA (VE) - MANZANILLO (PA) - CARTAGENA (CO) View Map VENEZUELA EASTBOUND (LAG) MANZANILLO (PA) - CARTAGENA (CO) - LA GUAIRA (VE) View Map VENEZUELA EASTBOUND (PBL) MANZANILLO (PA) - CARTAGENA (CO) - PUERTO CABELLO (VE) View Map VENEZUELA WESTBOUND (PBL) PUERTO CABELLO (VE) - MANZANILLO (PA) - CARTAGENA (CO) View Map XCL NORTHBOUND MANZANILLO (PA) - KINGSTON (JM) - PORT-AU-PRINCE (HT) View Map XCL SOUTHBOUND PORT-AU-PRINCE (HT) - KINGSTON (JM) - MANZANILLO (PA) View Map
Posted: November 8, 2016 at 3:46 pm
Sealand (, Shrando) is a character in the popular manga and anime series, Hetalia: Axis Powers. In 2008, Himaruya gave human names to some of the characters and he received the name Peter Kirkland (, Pt Kkurando).
An earlier design.
He has blond hair, blue eyes, and thick eyebrows much like England's. He wears a white sailor shirt with a blue collar, a matching hat, and blue capri pants, as well as white knee-high socks and black Mary Jane shoes.
Originally, Sealand's eyebrows were drawn somewhat thinner, while his sailor necktie lacked its "tails", and he wore shorts instead of capris. His eyes were also originally colored green, giving him a further resemblance to a younger England.
In the game Noto-sama 6, his hair is colored a dark sandy blond, while his eyes are sea green.
According to the English dub of the anime, he has a large birthmark shaped like a transistor radio. However, the script was changed for the dub, and this is unconfirmed by the author.
Due to the fact that he isn't considered an actual nation, none of the others take him very seriously. However, Sealand believes that someday he will become a huge empire that even his brother will bow down to.
Like his fort, he is actually made of steel and can fire a "Rocket Punch" that he believes is super powerful (though in actuality he can only do so when dressed up in a kids' mecha costume). He also tends to end his sentences with "desu yo", which is meant to give him a very enthusiastic flare.
Main Article: England
Sealand declared himself an independent country when England didn't want it back after the end of the war. The two always bicker because Sealand, who wants to be recognized as a nation, often sneaks into conferences the other countries attend (such as the G8, when Sealand pretended to be Canada). Despite calling his brother "Jerk England" and promising that the older nation will bow to him someday, Sealand relies on England.
Main Article: Iceland
Sealand first met him when Iceland was attempting to auction himself off on Ebay, but Iceland didn't understand what he meant when he wanted to become his friend due to their similarities, (as well as Sealand wanting to be referred to as "senpai" by Iceland.)
Main Article: Latvia
The two are good friends, in part due to their similarities of being small nations that don't get the respect that they want (though Latvia is an actual recognized nation in comparison to Sealand being a micronation). However, while Latvia attempts to act as a big brother to Sealand, his own insecurities get in the way, most notably his fear of Russia.
Main Article: Sweden
After being auctioned off online, Sealand became his property and adoptive child (as Sweden was the only one that bid). The two appear to have a close relationship, though Sweden came up with the strange idea of a "Dambolis" in an attempt to make the TV-obsessed Sealand pay attention to him more.
Main Article: Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
Sealand attempts to make friends with TRNC and points out that they are both micronations, but TRNC blows him off and points out that while he is recognized by Turkey, Sealand is recognized by no one. Sealand begins to cry, and he later attacks TRNC in a fit of rage. After Sealand becomes friends with Wy and Seborga, TRNC is seen watching them from a distance.
Main Article: Wy
Sealand has tried to make friends with the Australian micronation of Wy, based on percieved similarities. Wy quickly pointed out that unlike Sealand, she is recognized, as Wy's declaration of independence was accepted by the mayor of the surrounding township in 2004.
Sealand first appears in Episode 21, which adapts It's Sealand-kun! (reprinted as Recommend! Sealand! in Hetalia:Axis Powers volume 1). He attempts to attend a world meeting with the other nations, though his presence winds up going ignored. Sealand managed to get Japan to notice and nod his head toward him (Japan
Sealand's appearance in Episode 21
then turned around and continued walking in the direction he was heading), but it was seen that Japan looked rather uncomfortable and England stared at Japan with a harsh look. Sealand manages to get Lithuania to notice him, and is given advice on how to become an actual nation.
In the anime, his eyebrows are drawn thinner and earlier character design is used, with the exception of his eyes being colored blue as in his later design.
While the exact origin of his human name is unknown, Peter means "rock" and could possibly be a reference to the fact that the actual Sealand is simply a "rock" itself, or more accurately, a small concrete military fort. Another common assumption is that his name is referencing Peter Pan, due to his inability to grow up, and he shares his surname with his older brother, England.
Marukaite Chikyuu (Sealand)
HetalianJet (Sealand, Seborga, and Wy)
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Posted: October 20, 2016 at 11:40 pm
The airfield at Sealand dates back to the First World War and was in fact two fields separated by a railway line. The field south of the line was intended to be an Acceptance Park for American aircraft and the northern field known as Shotwick was home to Sopwith Pups, Camels, Avro 504's and others.
The two fields were named RAF Sealand in 1924 to avoid confusion with another RAF field in Lincolnshire called Scopwick. The RAF operated a Packing Depot at Sealand where aircraft would be crated before being sent overseas. In 1935 an Aircraft Storage Unit joined the Packing Depot and the site was expanded. New buildings were erected including the non-standard three storey barrack blocks to accommodate a large number of men.
During the early part of the Second World War Sealand was used for flying training to try and make up for the shortfall in pilots. Tiger Moths, Lysanders, Leopard Moths, Dragons and Dominies were a regular sight on the grass runways.
No.30 MU (Maintenance Unit) were required to work on Mosqiuto's, Wellington's and Lancaster's these larger aircraft types demanded a concrete runway.
At the end of the war Sealand remained the home of the Packing Unit, but the amount of work rapidly reduced. Burtonwood was rapidly expanding after the Americans returned in 1948 and needed more space. RAF Sealand fitted the bill nicely.
RAF Sealand's association with the US Air Force began on February 2nd 1951, when the 30th Air Depot Wing arrived at Burtonwood. The 30th was under the command of Lt. Col. Howard Kelly.
Col. Carl Feldmann, Deputy Chief of Staff 59th ADW was named as Commanding Officer of the 30th in February 1951 and transferred to Sealand in the March of 1951.
On March 15th 1951, the USAF officially accepted RAF Sealand as the home of the 30th Air Depot Wing.
Both pictures taken from the Burtonwood Beacon March 23rd, 1951
Notice the three storey barrack block in the background
The day after the Air Force took control Americanization began. First on the list was the modernization of the original RAF/NAAFI mess hall. This was renovated to include a new mess hall, Post Exchange, Service Club, Personnel Services Office and Special Services Office. $4000 was spent on new furniture. Six snooker tables were installed and plans made to build a hobby shop and photo lab.
The gallery below was submitted by Jeanette and Don Land. Most of the pictures were taken at the opening ceremony.
Eddie Coulter & Don Land
L - R Ryan(surname), ?, ?, ?
"Going Home" aboard USNS George W. Goethals. Queen Mary in background?
West Kirby Swimming Pool. Airmen of the 7558th Air Police Sqdn. Top L-R Jin (Smitty) Smith, ? Bottom L-R ?, ?, John Lund
Picture submitted by Brian and Maria. Does any one know the occasion or any faces?
Picture submitted by Brian and Maria. Does anyone recognise the happy couple? Maria thinks it may be Lt Johnson. The little girl is Maria.
See the article here:
Posted: October 15, 2016 at 5:31 am
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