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The Evolutionary Perspective
Category Archives: Cloning
Posted: June 1, 2020 at 3:56 am
Global Voice Cloning Market: Snapshot
The demand within the global market for voice cloning is expected to experience a sturdy rise in the years to come. Voice cloning has multiple applications across a wide array of industries which has played a key role in the growth of the global market for voice cloning. Several industries and sectors including banking, electronics, healthcare, and entertainment use voice cloning technologies. Voice cloning is used in electronic devices to run automated audios for giving out instructions. The rise in the demand for electronic device with audio assistance has played a major role in market growth.
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The entertainment industry frequently uses voice replication to generate video clips, audios, podcasts, and movies. This factor shall also emerge as a key driver of demand within the global market for voice cloning in the years to come. Voice cloning is also used in the healthcare industry to create automated voice assistance for high-end healthcare products. Use of voiceovers for creating explainer videos and digital collaterals has also played a major role in the growth of the global market for voice cloning. There is a stellar need for improved voice cloning to create better audio impact in animated movies and films.
The market for voice cloning in North America has been expanding at a stellar rate. This is attributed to the presence of a starry entertainment industry in the US and Canada. Moreover, the market for voice cloning in Asia Pacific is also growing due to the same reason. Other regional segments in the global voice cloning market are Europe and Latin America.
GlobalVoice Cloning Market: Overview
The demand within the global market for voice cloning has been rising on account of the need to replicate voices for various applications in industrial processes and entertainment activities. Voice cloning has enabled successful execution of text-to-speech applications in mobile phones, desktops, and laptops which has played a key role in the growth of the global market for voice cloning. The advent of several software applications that involve the use of voice cloning have given an impetus to the growth of the global market.
Furthermore, voice cloning was considered to be a complex process a few decades ago due to technological limitations. However, with advancements in software and hardware capabilities, it has become extremely easy to effectuate voice cloning in hardware devices and software applications.
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Furthermore, the advantages and agility served by voice cloning is expected to be a key parameter for growth within the global market for voice cloning. It is also true that the global market for voice cloning would expand as new entertainment avenues take shape across the world.
The global market for voice cloning may be segmented on the basis of the following parameters: component, application, deployment mode, vertical, and region. It is vital to get a thorough understanding of these market segments in order decipher the market dynamics.
A report on the global voice cloning market sheds value on some of the key standpoints for market growth. The report is a representation of the trends, opportunities, regional dynamics, and restraints that have housed in the global market for voice cloning in recent times. The regional segmentation has been distinctly highlighted in the report to give a wide purview of the market.
GlobalVoice Cloning Market: Trends and Opportunities
The demand within the global market for voice cloning has been rising on account of the tremendous technological advancements that have offset in the electronics and communication industries. New software tools that are equipped with voice feedback and other features relating to artificial voice have given an impetus to the growth of the global market for voice cloning. Moreover, the presence of multiple providers of voice cloning services has also led to the generation of voluminous revenues in this market.
Wireless assistants such as Alexa, Siri, and other modes were possible only due to the presence of voice cloning. Furthermore, chatbots are other amongst others software applications that have played a pivotal role in enhancing the growth prospects of the global market for voice cloning. Besides this, the popularity of digital games, accessibility options, and interactive learning has also created tremendous demand within the global market for voice cloning in recent times.
GlobalVoice Cloning Market: Regional Outlook
The technological revolutions that has birthed across the US has resulted in the development of several specialised hardware and software capabilities in the country. For this reason, the growth of the global market for voice cloning in North America is expected to trace an ascending path in the years to come. The market for voice cloning in Europe, Asia Pacific, and Latin America is also expected to grow at a robust rate in the years to come.
GlobalVoice Cloning Market: Competitive Landscape
Microsoft, AWS, IBM, AT&T, Nuance Communications, Baidu, and iSpeech are some of the key vendors operational in the global market for voice cloning.
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Posted: at 3:56 am
By Nathan Hartman
Wind River Linux provides the technologies essential to building a flexible, stable, and secure platform for your embedded devices.
Based on OpenEmbedded releases from the Yocto Project, it is designed to let you customize your platform to include only the packages and features you need. Powered by bitbake, it provides the ability to build an entire Linux distribution from source by following repeatable recipes. This is really powerful, but can be foreign to application developers that already have a workflow they are comfortable with.
Developers building graphical user interfaces (GUI) have their own set of tools that they rely on. Often they prefer to use an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) tailored to the language and frameworks they are working with. Typically this IDE and the tools it uses are running natively on the same platform they are building for.
Fortunately, these developers can still do this on Wind River Linux. This tutorial describes building Wind River Linux with the GCC toolchain and Qt Creator included to enable native application development.
Building the entire platform has a few simple requirements to get started. Many Linux distributions are self-hosted meaning you can only build the next version of the distribution with the previous release.
Wind River Linux supports a wide variety of hosts. The official supported list of hosts is below, but many newer releases have been tested and known to work.
For details on necessary Linux Host System Libraries and Executables please refer to the documentation.
For example, on Ubuntu systems the following packages must be installed:
In addition, the deployment steps require root or sudo access for deploying to an SD Card or USB flash device.
Lastly, this tutorial has been validated for the Raspberry Pi 4 and Intel NUC devices (NUC5i3MYBE, NUC6i7KYK, NUC7i5DNK). These instructions should work on other devices, however we tested these devices specifically to ensure that the hardware acceleration was enabled for top performance.
The first step is to clone the Wind River Linux GitHub repository.
Create a directory for the tools needed to create the Wind River Linux image. This will be referred to as the parent directory from this point onwards:
In a Linux terminal, clone the repository into your build folder with the following command:
Note: A clone of wrlinux-x defaults to the WRLINUX_10_19_BASE branch with the latest update tagged. WRLINUX_10_19_BASE_UPDATE0003 or greater is required for the Raspberry Pi 4 BSP. This tutorial was written using WRLINUX_10_19_BASE_UPDATE0007.
This section describes the usage of the Wind River setup.sh tool for easy configuration of the build. We will use it to specify the target board, download the layers required, and pre-populate the configuration file.
In the parent directory that wrlinux-x was cloned into (wrlinux_qt), run the setup.sh script. Accept the End User License Agreement (EULA).
For Raspberry Pi 4 use:
For an Intel NUC use:
Note: The --machine flag specifies that it should include the board support package for your device, the --dl-layers flag downloads the package source now instead of later at build time.
After some time, you will see:
At which point the following files and directories should have been generated:
Run the environment setup scripts that were generated in the parent directory. They will create and change to the build sub-directory.
These scripts will set environment variables for the build tool as well as generate some pre-built configuration files.
Note: If you have previously built an image, running these scripts will not overwrite your existing configurations. Rename, move or delete previous configuration files to ensure the correct configuration files are generated.
This section describes how to add the required template files using git.
Clone the meta-qt5 and the meta-qt5-extra repositories in a my-layers directory
Download the required patches listed below into the wrlinux_qt/build directory:
Credit goes to my colleague, Quanyang Wang, for creating the patches to integrate LxQt desktop on Wind River Linux.
In the meta-qt5-extra directory, apply the first patch:
In the wrlinux layer directory, apply the wrlinux patches:
This section describes how to clone the meta-qt5 and meta-qt5-extra layer repositories. In addition, how to add the layers, GCC toolchain and desktop environment to the image.
Using the bitbake-layers tool, add the layers to the conf/bblayers.conf file. This allow bitbake to locate the custom layer when building the image. In addition, if using a Raspberry Pi add the Raspberry Pi Graphics layer to enable hardware acceleration.
If building for the Raspberry Pi, add in addition for hardware acceleration:
Edit conf/local.conf configuration file to add the GCC toolchain, packages required for Qt5 and the desktop environment. Append the following lines to the end of conf/local.conf:
Note: this tutorial uses the LxQt desktop, but you may replace feature/lxqt with feature/xfce if you prefer to use the desktop featured with the Raspberry Pi Foundation images.
If building for the Raspberry Pi, also add the following to enable hardware acceleration:
If building for Raspberry Pi, edit ../layers/bcm-2xxx-rpi/recipes-bsp/boot-config/boot-config/cmdline.txt file to adjust the kernel parameters.
Note: These changes ensure that the console output appears on the HDMI display and that the boot sequence doesn't wait for a DHCP connection.
This section describes building the Wind River Linux image
Build the image of your choice. As seen in the image in step 4, there are several suggested images. We will build wrlinux-image-std-sato, an image optimized for a desktop environment.
After some time, you will see the following when the build is finished:
This section describes how to identify your USB SD Card adapter or USB flash drive using fdisk.
Use the fdisk command to list the block devices detected by Linux:
Identify your device through the model name or capacity.
Note: In this case the device is '/dev/sdx' as seen by the capacity and 'Disk model'. The device name should take the format of '/dev/sdx' where x is a letter specific to your machine.
This section describes how to write the generated .wic and .wic.bmap or .iso files to the SD card or USB flash drive.
Locate the images generated by bitbake. Relative to the build directory, the image path is:
Specifically, we need the wrlinux-image-std-sato-bcm-2xxx-rpi4.wic and wrlinux-image-std-sato-bcm-2xxx-rpi4.wic.bmap files.
Using bmaptool, flash the generated files to the usb device
After up to several minutes (depending on the speed of your USB device) you should see:
Locate the images generated by bitbake. Relative to the build directory, the image path is:
Specifically, we need the wrlinux-image-std-sato-intel-x86-64.iso file.
Flash your image using dd
In some cases, dd can appear to hang while writing from memory to the USB. Check the progress with:
It should approach the low hundreds when the write is finished.
This section describes how to resize the root filesystem to take up the full capacity of the SD card. With the USB device inserted, run the following commands, replacing /dev/sdx with your device.
For the LxQt desktop, the login and password are wrluser and the $HOME directory is /home/wrluser.
After logging in you will be presented with the LxQt Desktop:
Note: If you chose to use the the XFCE desktop, the login is root with no password and the $HOME directory is /root.
The sample applications come from Qt git repositories. Cloning the repositories requires that you have a working network connection. If for any reason your device didn't automatically get a dynamic IP address you may use the following commands to obtain one.
Open QTerminal by clicking on the icon in the bottom left corner, then click System Tools > QTerminal.
In a QTerminal, execute the su command to become the root user.
Then execute the "ip a" command to verify that your device has retrieved an IP address. Refer to the inet line under eth0 to see your IP address.
If you do not already have an IP address, then you may execute dhclient eth0 to request a dynamic IP address.
Execute exit to stop running commands as the root user and become wrluser again.
This section demonstrates the mesa-demos glxgears application.
Open QTerminal by clicking on the icon in the bottom left corner, then click System Tools > QTerminal.
Execute glxgears to try the OpenGL example. If the hardware acceleration is working, it should report around 60 frames per second on the Raspberry Pi 4.
This section demonstrates an OpenGL example from the Qtbase repository.
Use git to clone the repository containing the OpenGL examples
Copy the examples folder out of the qtbase directory so that Qt Creator will let us build the project.
Launch Qt Creator from the GUI
Open the openglwindow.pro file by selecting File > Open File or Project from the menu.
Navigate to $HOME/examples/opengl/openglwindow/openglwindow.pro. Then click, Open.
Select "openglwindow" as the Active Project, then click the Configure Project button.
Build and run the application by clicking Build > Run in the menu.
(Optional) You may click the "Compile Output" tab along the bottom to watch the toolchain output as the project builds.
After a few moments the openglwindow should appear with a spinning rainbow triangle.
This section demonstrates the QtCluster example from the Qtbase docs repository.
Open a terminal and clone the repository containing the Qt docs:
Launch Qt Creator from the GUI
Open the qtcluster-base.pro file by selecting File > Open File or Project from the menu.
Navigate to $HOME/qtdoc/doc/src/snippets/qtcluster/qtcluster-base.pro. Then click, Open.
Select qtcluster-base"* as the Active Project, then click the Configure Project button.
Build and run the application by clicking Build > Run in the menu.
Note: If the hardware acceleration is working, it should report around 60 frames per second on the Raspberry Pi 4.
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Posted: May 11, 2020 at 10:57 am
Cloning, the process of generating a genetically identical copy of a cell or an organism. Cloning happens often in naturefor example, when a cell replicates itself asexually without any genetic alteration or recombination. Prokaryotic organisms (organisms lacking a cell nucleus) such as bacteria create genetically identical duplicates of themselves using binary fission or budding. In eukaryotic organisms (organisms possessing a cell nucleus) such as humans, all the cells that undergo mitosis, such as skin cells and cells lining the gastrointestinal tract, are clones; the only exceptions are gametes (eggs and sperm), which undergo meiosis and genetic recombination.
Cloning is the process of generating a genetically identical copy of acellor an organism.Cloning happens all the time in nature. In biomedical research, cloning is broadly defined to mean the duplication of any kind of biological material for scientific study, such as a piece ofDNAor an individual cell.
Therapeutic cloning enables the cultivation of stem cells that are genetically identical to a patient. This approach, by avoiding risk of rejection by theimmune system, has the potential to benefit many patients,including those affected byAlzheimer disease,diabetes, andspinal cordinjury.
The cloning of humans remains universally condemned, primarily for the associated psychological, social, and physiological risks. There are also concerns that cloning promoteseugenics, the idea that humanity could be improved through the selection of individuals possessing desired traits. There also exists controversy over theethicsof therapeutic and research cloning, which makes use of embryos that are otherwise discarded.
In biomedical research, cloning is broadly defined to mean the duplication of any kind of biological material for scientific study, such as a piece of DNA or an individual cell. For example, segments of DNA are replicated exponentially by a process known as polymerase chain reaction, or PCR, a technique that is used widely in basic biological research. The type of cloning that is the focus of much ethical controversy involves the generation of cloned embryos, particularly those of humans, which are genetically identical to the organisms from which they are derived, and the subsequent use of these embryos for research, therapeutic, or reproductive purposes.
Reproductive cloning was originally carried out by artificial twinning, or embryo splitting, which was first performed on a salamander embryo in the early 1900s by German embryologist Hans Spemann. Later, Spemann, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine (1935) for his research on embryonic development, theorized about another cloning procedure known as nuclear transfer. This procedure was performed in 1952 by American scientists Robert W. Briggs and Thomas J. King, who used DNA from embryonic cells of the frog Rana pipiens to generate cloned tadpoles. In 1958 British biologist John Bertrand Gurdon successfully carried out nuclear transfer using DNA from adult intestinal cells of African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis). Gurdon was awarded a share of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for this breakthrough.
Advancements in the field of molecular biology led to the development of techniques that allowed scientists to manipulate cells and to detect chemical markers that signal changes within cells. With the advent of recombinant DNA technology in the 1970s, it became possible for scientists to create transgenic clonesclones with genomes containing pieces of DNA from other organisms. Beginning in the 1980s mammals such as sheep were cloned from early and partially differentiated embryonic cells. In 1996 British developmental biologist Ian Wilmut generated a cloned sheep, named Dolly, by means of nuclear transfer involving an enucleated embryo and a differentiated cell nucleus. This technique, which was later refined and became known as somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT), represented an extraordinary advance in the science of cloning, because it resulted in the creation of a genetically identical clone of an already grown sheep. It also indicated that it was possible for the DNA in differentiated somatic (body) cells to revert to an undifferentiated embryonic stage, thereby reestablishing pluripotencythe potential of an embryonic cell to grow into any one of the numerous different types of mature body cells that make up a complete organism. The realization that the DNA of somatic cells could be reprogrammed to a pluripotent state significantly impacted research into therapeutic cloning and the development of stem cell therapies.
Soon after the generation of Dolly, a number of other animals were cloned by SCNT, including pigs, goats, rats, mice, dogs, horses, and mules. Despite those successes, the birth of a viable SCNT primate clone would not come to fruition until 2018, and scientists used other cloning processes in the meantime. In 2001 a team of scientists cloned a rhesus monkey through a process called embryonic cell nuclear transfer, which is similar to SCNT except that it uses DNA from an undifferentiated embryo. In 2007 macaque monkey embryos were cloned by SCNT, but those clones lived only to the blastocyst stage of embryonic development. It was more than 10 years later, after improvements to SCNT had been made, that scientists announced the live birth of two clones of the crab-eating macaque (Macaca fascicularis), the first primate clones using the SCNT process. (SCNT has been carried out with very limited success in humans, in part because of problems with human egg cells resulting from the mothers age and environmental factors.)
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Posted: at 10:57 am
Reproductive cloning may enable researchers to make copies of animals with the potential benefits for the fields of medicine and agriculture.
For instance, the same Scottish researchers who cloned Dolly have cloned other sheep that have been genetically modified to produce milk that contains a human protein essential for blood clotting. The hope is that someday this protein can be purified from the milk and given to humans whose blood does not clot properly. Another possible use of cloned animals is for testing new drugs and treatment strategies. The great advantage of using cloned animals for drug testing is that they are all genetically identical, which means their responses to the drugs should be uniform rather than variable as seen in animals with different genetic make-ups.
After consulting with many independent scientists and experts in cloning, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decided in January 2008 that meat and milk from cloned animals, such as cattle, pigs and goats, are as safe as those from non-cloned animals. The FDA action means that researchers are now free to using cloning methods to make copies of animals with desirable agricultural traits, such as high milk production or lean meat. However, because cloning is still very expensive, it will likely take many years until food products from cloned animals actually appear in supermarkets.
Another application is to create clones to build populations of endangered, or possibly even extinct, species of animals. In 2001, researchers produced the first clone of an endangered species: a type of Asian ox known as a guar. Sadly, the baby guar, which had developed inside a surrogate cow mother, died just a few days after its birth. In 2003, another endangered type of ox, called the Banteg, was successfully cloned. Soon after, three African wildcats were cloned using frozen embryos as a source of DNA. Although some experts think cloning can save many species that would otherwise disappear, others argue that cloning produces a population of genetically identical individuals that lack the genetic variability necessary for species survival.
Some people also have expressed interest in having their deceased pets cloned in the hope of getting a similar animal to replace the dead one. But as shown by Cc the cloned cat, a clone may not turn out exactly like the original pet whose DNA was used to make the clone.
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A ‘Star Wars’ Fan Explained How the Palpatine Clone Was Teased Long Before ‘The Rise of Skywalker’ – Esquire
Posted: at 10:57 am
You may have had a question or two (or fifty) after watching Star Wars: The Rise of Skywalker. The significance of lightsaber colors, where Babu Frik ranked on a cuteness scale from one to Baby Yoda, and oh, yeahhow the hell Emperor Palpatine came back from the dead to torment Rey, who was his granddaughter, apparently.
Star Wars gave a very Westworld answer: He was a clone! Makes total sense. And Reys father, too, was a Palpatine clone, only the job was botched. There are some Star Wars novelizations that give some more details on this, but what about the movies? This week, a Reddit user went on a deep dive of the Skywalker Saga, hunting for any kind of precedence the films couldve set for a Palpatine clone.
Turns out there are a handful of easter eggs buried throughout the series, dating all the way back to Episode III: Revenge of the Sith. Check out the full breakdown if you want to see every nod the films make, but here are some highlights.
Remember those creepy baby Snokes that were bred on the Sith planet Exegol? The Reddit user says that proves that the Sith had cloning technology:
Theres a generous reading of Palpatines Look what you have made quip in The Rise of Skywalker:
The user even found a line in Episode III that could be interpreted as a prophecy for Palpatines eventual cloning:
Feeling good with those explanations? Cool. We have another Palp-related investigation for you.
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Posted: at 10:57 am
Virology and veterinary bacteriology researchers at the Swiss University of Bern have succeeded in cloning the novel SARS CoV-2 coronavirus. The scientists were able to recreate the coronavirus from synthetic DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) in the high-security laboratory of the Institute of Virology and Immunology (IVI) of the Federal Food Safety and Veterinary Office (FSVO) in Mittelhusern and at the Vetsuisse Faculty of the University of Bern. Corona samples can now be tested worldwide with these clones. This will also help discover drugs that will combat the viral disease and in the development of vaccines.
Viruses, like parasites, depend on a host cell in order to reproduce. The viruses invade the bodys cells and reprogram them so that they produce new viruses. These are then spread further, for instance through infection from droplets. The scientists in Bern have now reproduced segments of the coronavirus genome from synthetic DNA. These were then introduced into yeast cells. There they were reassembled by means of what is referred to as transformation-associated recombination (TAR) cloning.
This resulted in a yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) on which the genetic information of the virus was stored. In the next step, infectious RNA was reproduced in vitro without yeast cells. This was done with the help of T7 RNA polymerase. This RNA was introduced into animal cells, where new, synthetic coronaviruses were then replicated. As in clones. And all this was accomplished in record time. We replicated the virus within the space of a week,, notes Professor Volker Thiel from the Institute of Virology and Immunology (IVI).
The scientists report that the system of yeast cells was developed in Bern and has now proved its worth for the first time during an epidemic. We have optimized this system to allow us to clone coronaviruses and other viruses quickly, explains Prof. Jrg Jores from the Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology at the University of Bern. This method enables a rapid response to novel and fast-spreading viruses and their properties in real-time. In other words, during an outbreak.
The final results of the study were published in the academic journal Nature. This was after the provisional results had already been posted on a preprint server where it underwent scientific discussion is. The researchers state that the synthetic viruses cloned in Bern have enabled a major step forward in the diagnosis of patient samples and the development of new active substances. Viruses are especially difficult to clone because they are smaller than the smallest bacteria and extremely mutable. Our model system that uses yeast cells shows that it is ideally suited for reconstructing coronaviruses and other viruses, Volker Thiel adds.
This method developed by the Swiss researchers will also be suitable in the future for combating other extremely infectious viruses. Moreover, the scientists have already received numerous requests from companies and other researchers to test potential active substances against the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus at the high-security laboratory.
Chinas scientists accused of playing God by creating monstrous cloned apes and primates with human organs – The Sun
Posted: at 10:57 am
CHINESE scientists have been accused of being real-life Dr Frankensteins who play God by cloning apes and editing the genes of babies.
Some of their work has been dubbed monstrous while other cutting edge research could lead to cures for Parkinson's and Alzheimer's.
It's important to note that the US and the UK are not immune from conducting tests on animals and in fact carry out THOUSANDS of experiments on primates every year.
However, China has become the capital of research on apes and monkeys believing that our closest relatives hold the key to understanding brain disorders that destroy lives.
Incredibly, the Institute of Neuroscience (ION) in Shanghai, cloned five infant monkeys last year from an adult macaque who had been genetically-edited.
The result was baby primates intentionally born with a mutation that disrupts their wake-sleep cycle.
By giving the monkeys new drugs to treat their pre-existing brain disorders, the scientists hope to develop treatments for illnesses such as Alzheimer's disease.
It's no wonder the ION has been dubbed the "Cern of primate neurobiology".
The Institute successfully cloned two macaque monkeys in 2018 - a world first giving the experts confidence to push ahead with further experiments.
Heaping praise on the research, the Chinese Academy of Sciences said: "The achievement heralds a new era in which China can produce batches of standardised monkey clones, which will serve as animal models in the research of the brain's cognitive functions, early diagnoses and interventions of diseases, as well as research and development of drugs.
While China allows genetic manipulation on animals it has banned the use of gene-editing on humans but that hasn't stopped some of its scientists "playing God" with unborn children.
Scientist He Jiankui, 35, rocked the scientific world when he revealed he had altered the embryos of twin girls in 2018.
In December last year, it was revealed that a third child born to a different mum had also been gene-edited.
The rogue expert said he used a tool called Crispr to disable a gene that allows the AIDS virus to enter cells in a bid to make the children immune from the disease.
But why have such experiments been dubbed monstrous by others within the scientific community?
Experts claim gene-editing in people could "divide humans into subspecies" and can cause mutations, genetic problems and even cancer.
Dr Kiran Musunuru, an expert in this area from the University of Pennsylvania, called the experiment unconscionable an experiment on human beings that is not morally or ethically defensible.
Professor Julian Savulescu, of the University of Oxford, said: If true, this experiment is monstrous.
The embryos were healthy. No known diseases. Gene editing itself is experimental and is still associated with off-target mutations, capable of causing genetic problems early and later in life, including the development of cancer.
There are many effective ways to prevent HIV in healthy individuals: for example, protected sex.
Last December, Mr Jiankui was jailed for three years after news of the third child's birth was revealed.
He was convicted of practising medicine without a licence and fined 330,000 by a court in Shenzhen, the Xinhua news agency reported.
One of the most controversial experiments to date was the creation of embryos that were part human and part primate.
Last year, Spaniard Juan Carlos Izpisa Belmonte led a team of Chinese researchers with the end goal of creating monkeys which have entirely human organs such as kidneys or livers.
The organs will then be used for human transplants.
Based in China, the team made the chimeras a single organism with cells from more than one genotype - by injecting human stem cells into a fresh monkey embryo.
Biologist Belmonte previously tried adding human cells to embryos of pigs but the disturbing experiment was not successful.
However, because primates are genetically related to humans, the chances of the new research being successful is much greater.
The scientists also use gene-editing technology to disable certain cell formations in the animals to give the human cells a better chance of thriving.
In the US and other western democracies, such research is banned however in China, experts are allowed to push the boundaries of scientific ethics.
Importantly, no Frankenstein monster has been born as a result of this research... not yet anyway.
Instead, the hybrid embryos are allowed to develop for around two weeks so their progress can be studied.
Mr Belmonte defended his work with the Chinese, saying: History shows us time and time again that, over time, our ethical and moral standards change and mutate, like our DNA, and what yesterday was ethically unacceptable, if this really represents an advance for the progress of humanity, today it is already an essential part of our lives."
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A similar experiment involved two piglets who were born with monkey cells in December at the State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Reproductive Biology in Beijing.
The so-called 'pig-monkey chimeras' died a week later.
Away from China, one of the most sinister experiments took place at the University of Munich where two monkeys were given transplanted pig hearts.
The poor creatures died after six months in a study which was deemed a success.
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Hard Drive Cloning Software Market Research Growth by Manufacturers, Regions, Type and Application, Forecast Analysis to 2025 – Express Journal
Posted: at 10:57 am
Market Research Report on Hard Drive Cloning Software Market size | Industry Segment by Applications (Large Enterprises and SMEs), by Type (Cloud-based and Web-based), Regional Outlook, Market Demand, Latest Trends, Hard Drive Cloning Software Industry Growth & Revenue by Manufacturers, Company Profiles, Growth Forecasts 2025. Analyzes current market size and upcoming 5 years growth of this industry.
This part of the report includes detailed information of the market in different regions. Each region offers different scope to the market as each region has different government policy and other factors. The regions included in the report are North America, South America, Europe, Asia Pacific, and the Middle East.
At the upcoming section, this report discusses industrial policy, economic environment, in addition cost structures of the industry. And this report encompasses the fundamental dynamics of the market which include drivers, opportunities, and challenges faced by the industry. Additionally, this report showed a keen market study of the main consumers, raw material manufacturers and distributors, etc.
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Each company assessed in the report is studied in relation to various factors such as product and application portfolios, market share, growth potential, future plans, and recent developments. Readers will be able to gain complete understanding and knowledge of the competitive landscape. Most importantly, the report sheds light on strategies that leading players are banking on to maintain their dominance in the Global Hard Drive Cloning Software Market. It shows how the market competition will change in the next few years and how players are preparing themselves to stay ahead of the curve.
Global market focusing on major players of Hard Drive Cloning Software market:
On the basis of product type, the global Hard Drive Cloning Software market is classified into:
On the basis of Application, the global Hard Drive Cloning Software market is classified into:
Key Point from Hard Drive Cloning Software Market Study:
The market outlook section comprises an analysis of the market dynamics that are playing a substantial role in the market. The factors involves the opportunities, drivers, restraints, and challenges through which the impact of these factors in the market are outlined. The drivers and restraints cover the internal factors of the market whereas opportunities and challenges are the external factors that are affecting the market.
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Measuring the Impact: Demand for Disk Cloning Imaging Software Product Augmented by Global Outbreak of COVID-330 – 3rd Watch News
Posted: at 10:57 am
The report on the Disk Cloning Imaging Software market provides a birds eye view of the current proceeding within the Disk Cloning Imaging Software market. Further, the report also takes into account the impact of the novel COVID-19 pandemic on the Disk Cloning Imaging Software market and offers a clear assessment of the projected market fluctuations during the forecast period. The different factors that are likely to impact the overall dynamics of the Disk Cloning Imaging Software market over the forecast period (2019-2029) including the current trends, growth opportunities, restraining factors, and more are discussed in detail in the market study.
As per the presented market report, the global Disk Cloning Imaging Software market is projected to attain a CAGR growth of ~XX% during the assessment period and surpass a value of ~US$XX by the end of 20XX. Further, the report suggests that the growth of the Disk Cloning Imaging Software market hinges its hope on a range of factors including, emphasis on innovation by market players, surge in the investments pertaining to R&D activities, and favorable regulatory policies among others.
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The report provides critical insights related to the business operations of prominent companies operating in the Disk Cloning Imaging Software market. The revenue generated, market presence of different companies, product range, and the financials of each company is included in the report.
The regional landscape section of the report provides resourceful insights related to the scenario of the Disk Cloning Imaging Software market in the key regions. Further, the market attractiveness of each region provides players a clear understanding of the overall growth potential of the Disk Cloning Imaging Software market in each region.
The report provides a detailed analysis of the various end-users of the Disk Cloning Imaging Software along with the market share, size, and revenue generated by each end-user.
The key players covered in this studyManageEngineSmartDeployCHENGDU Yiwo Tech DevelopmentSymantecParamount SoftwareNovosoftAOMEI TechnologySourceForgeSircksParagon Software GroupLSoft TechnologiesR-Tools TechnologyTom Ehlert SoftwarePrimeExpert SoftwareMiniToolDeepSpar Data Recovery
Market segment by Type, the product can be split intoCloud-BasedOn-PremiseMarket segment by Application, split intoEducationFinancial ServiceGlobal Service ProvidersIndustrial Control SystemHealth CareRetailGovernmentOther
Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report coversNorth AmericaEuropeChinaJapanSoutheast AsiaIndiaCentral & South America
The study objectives of this report are:To analyze global Disk Cloning Imaging Software status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players.To present the Disk Cloning Imaging Software development in North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India and Central & South America.To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their development plan and strategies.To define, describe and forecast the market by type, market and key regions.
In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of Disk Cloning Imaging Software are as follows:History Year: 2015-2019Base Year: 2019Estimated Year: 2020Forecast Year 2020 to 2026For the data information by region, company, type and application, 2019 is considered as the base year. Whenever data information was unavailable for the base year, the prior year has been considered.
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Posted: April 29, 2020 at 4:43 am
It's not unusual to spot a trout species in a Calgary riverbut you might not expect to find a lobster-like crustacean.
In the last 10 to 20 years however, the marbled crayfish a crustacean not native to the Bow River has begun spreading to rivers and lakes throughout Alberta.
It's a problem that Nicole Kimmel, aquatic invasive species specialist for Alberta Environment and Parks, is trying to tackle.
Historically, the crustaceans are normally found in betweenWainwright andRyley in the Beaver River watershed south of Edmonton, Kimmel told The Calgary Eyeopener.
But now they've been showing up in water bodies anywhere from the Edmonton area, down to Calgary and Medicine Hat, as well as in the Milk River region.
It's not likely that the critters are crawling between rivers and lakes, though they can move on land for short periods, Kimmel said.
Instead, the provincesuspects the movements of the crayfish might be aided by humans either for bait use or they are potentially being brought back home and discarded in local waters.
"Once they're introduced to a breeding pair, they can breed pretty fast," Kimmel said the creatures can produce 200 to 400 eggs in a reproduction cycle.
Kimmel calls themarbled crayfisha kind of "freak accident" of two crayfish species that may have beenimported from Florida into Germany in the '90s and were able to mate. Through that mating, the crayfish kept an additional set of chromosomes that allowed them to reproduce asexually, meaningall the females could lay unfertilized eggs which develop into genetically identical offspring.
In essence, a self-cloning crayfish was born.
To attempt to control their spread, Alberta has banned the crayfish province-wide unless it'skept as a pet. Most pet stores have stopped carrying the specimens, but it's still possible to find them sold online by individuals.
Ducks have been munching on them, along withsome humans, but Kimmel says its important to make sure the ones used for consumption are coming from clean water sources.
Kimmel saysthe province has partnered with Mark Poesch, associate professor in Agricultural Life and Environmental Sciences at the University of Alberta, to understand what the effects are on the habitats the creatures are invading.
"We highly suspect that they're probably impacting food webs where they're being moved around," she said.
The marbled crayfish aren't the only species of their kind causing concerns there's an extensivelist of crayfish-type creatures being foundin Canadian waters,Kimmel explained.
For example, B.C. is worried about red swamp crayfish and in Manitoba there are concerns about crusty crayfish.
Meanwhile Saskatchewan, along with Alberta, has ramped up its legislation around marbled crayfish.
If you spot a crayfish, Kimmel says to report it to the provincealong with the location it was found.
"We're very much interested in knowing the location that you're finding them as well as if you can snap a picture of what they look like," Kimmel said.
"We don't want any of those other invasive ones that other jurisdictions are worried about."
The province isn't actively getting rid of the crayfish right nowuntil there's a better understanding of where the crayfishare located and what can be done for eradication.
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