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Category Archives: Mars Colonization

Will people go to spaceand then colonize it? – Quartz

Posted: October 27, 2019 at 3:19 pm

Space exploration, as I see it, is the last true peaceful international collaboration on Earth.

I understand this claim is bound to invoke some scoffs from readersthe Cold War space race, for one, was characterized by serious military tensions between the US and the Soviet Union.

But for those of us who work in the field, space exploration requires an understanding that no one person, space agency, or nation alone can authoritatively define our place in the universe.

Because no entity can claim any part of the cosmos for themselves, outer space is the perfect place to demonstrate that we can respect universal (literally) human rights for all of Earths people.

Given that thought, the level of international cooperation is remarkable if we take into account just how precarious the field of space law and policy truly is. Especially if we consider the nearly non-existent and fragile landscape of international space law.

But my optimism comes with a caveat. When it comes to an industry as young as space exploration, is important to recognize colonization, imperialism, and exploitation as not just a series of major historical events that humanity is still recovering from, but as things that can conceivably inspire the future laws that will determine our fate in space.

Colonization and exploitation define our major institutions, and are engrained in western society. They persists in science. And unless we make changes, they will persist in outer space as well.

In 1998, several nations signed a treaty into effect called the Intergovernmental Agreement on Space Station Cooperation. But since then, nothing substantial has been done to implement an international infrastructure to ensure accountability and planetary protection, safety, and ethics standards.

Space explorationlike most other major events in human historywill only become even more susceptible to the imperialism, colonialism, and general selfishness of our past should it continue to remain unchecked by any kind of system of accountability, collaboration, or transparency.

Because of this, we see events play out in space that would almost surely be ruled violations if they were carried out in the terrestrial realm.

A destroyed Chinese satellite emitted tons of space debris into the atmosphere, followed by India destroying its own satellite and sending more trash to float around in our low Earth orbit.

Agencies and public figures voiced disapproval of these reckless acts, but nothing was done on the international accountability level. This is especially shocking when we account for the fact that space debris the size of one single speck of paint has the power to bore a hole through the International Space Station.

When SpaceX launched the Starlink satellite array, it was met with outrage from the astronomy community when astronomers found their work impeded by increased light pollution. But with no written standards in place to ensure the private space sector cooperates with science (except acts of good faith), nothing was done to protect the work of researchers.

Then there was the case of the Beresheet, a private Israeli lunar lander, which crashed on the moon and spilled its cargo of a few thousand tardigrades in the process. The private mission was funded by the non-profit Arch Mission Foundation, an organization dedicated to creating a backup of planet Earth.

The Beresheet lander was able to jump through all sorts of planetary protection hoops, because there were no laws in place to stop it. There were also no transparency rules in place, and some suggested that the private company that owned the spacecraft was unaware of the animals on board the craft.

When the micro-animals, also known as water bears or moss piglets, were dumped into the atmosphere, there was no formal recourse to recover them, nor regulations in place to ensured the spacecraft was properly decontaminated.

Again, the international community reacted with concern, and contemplated the state of international space affairs. But without recourse, no one had a good response.

In Mauna Kea, Hawaii, tensions flared between international science and cultural rights. Representatives of a telescope management company were granted permission by local native authorities to use the island for cutting-edge stellar research on the condition that they would pay rent to them, employ a certain number of people from their community to work in telescope operations, and ensure that native students were granted learning and intern opportunities.

Unfortunately, the company parlayed this into a free pass to build an additional telescope, this time on a sacred site that was deemed off-limits by native law, and vital to the islands ecosystem. When locals protested, they were met with resistance from police and military officials.

The message: Scientific advances are more important and protected than human rights, especially when those humans are part of a marginalized community.

The incident has sparked important discourse within the scientific community. But as of yet, theres no sign of policy reform.

As space exploration advances, these ethical dilemmas are only going to become more complex and important.

And yet, as I first stated, space remains peaceful.

The United States still launches astronauts off Russian soil, utilizes Chinese and Iranian technologies, partners with Japan, Australia, Canada, many European countries, shares scientific endeavors with Latin America, and more.

Perhaps this is because no one actually wants space to fall to one ideology, one method of governance, and one leadership.

But can it last?

Outer space as we know it exists at a precarious point in time.

In todays landscape of non-binding rules, technical advances, and outdated customs, silence has become an anxiety-inducing catalyst for even more of these precarious independent actions playing in outer space.

Take the dismissive response to contamination on the Moon and Mars. Utilizing the barren nature of the Moon, and dismissing its seemingly uninteresting environment (yes, it does have an environment) as a justification to further contaminate the atmosphere simply because we can is evidence that the harmful and painfully human ideals of colonialism are alive and well.

It is also important to remember that even though the Moon is deemed low-risk for contamination by NASAs Planetary Protection office, it is in fact being contaminated, according to our very limited range of understanding and technology.

No matter how large a public pool is, there are rules against glass and liquids in the pool that can harm others that use it. Even amidst its barren-ness, ensuring that the Moon remains in a state that can be researched by all means ensuring it is not totally contaminated.

Simply put, we dont know what we dont know. But we can put procedures in place to ensure we dont get caught off guard by any major curveballs, and so that what we do explore is fair game.

This is in no way to say that space exploration should come to a halt. Ive come to appreciate the capabilities for speed and precision in innovation that the private sector brings to the table, and they are often my favorite people and projects to follow.

In addition, space exploration and innovation in space is nothing if not risky, and its the risk that excites so many and keeps the industry alive. Its certainly what excited me as a kid. I knew there would be a high chance of dying if I ever became an astronaut and became the first to set foot on Mars (which, for the record, I still want to do). And I it made me all the more determined to follow my dreams.

But we need rules, regulations, and recourse for justice. And how can we achieve that if we have never succeeded in solving those issues on our own planet? The minute we launch into space, our human tendencies and ideologies are not magically left on Earth.

Continuing space exploration without first dismantling institutionally oppressive systems on Earth, and without the understanding that any endeavor in space must be properly accounted for and insured by updated safety and protection procedures, is morally wrong.

It disregards the rights of many communities to access spacecommunities that are not wealthy, or communities that do not share a similar economic system. If we dont make changes, we will only continue to facilitate these harmful institutions that have thrived on earth for all of human history. To the richest, and the quickest, go the spoils.

We have the capabilities and resources to update safety protocols that will avoid preventable mistakes.

Recklessly and hastily moving forward into space without a framework in place for an international cooperative to prepare for these big unknowns is deeply irresponsible.

Refusing to have the necessary conversation of why certain people feel colonization at any cost is a right, or why talks of colonization are inherently not diverse, is unjust.

These things are no longer science fiction. We are well within our means to accomplish them.

For the first time in history perhaps, we have the opportunity to begin to undo our ugly past and ensure space is accessible for everyone. If we want to create a truly sustainable and responsible space environment, we must ensure that our efforts are transparent, ethical, and inclusive, and that we fully understand our historical tendencies as wealthy nations with an affinity for capitalism.

Refusing to make changes today will only guarantee that we continue to facilitate the ills of humanity in a field that fully has the potential to bring out the very best in us.

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Will people go to spaceand then colonize it? - Quartz

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Space Agencies and Private Industry Discuss Making a Giant Leap on Collaboration –

Posted: October 24, 2019 at 11:53 am

WASHINGTON The next 50 years of human spaceflight will surely see a proliferation of private companies working in space alongside government agencies but how they will work together is a matter of intense debate, as evidenced in a livestreamed discussion with industry leaders.

Representatives from private companies and government alike discussed the matter at the International Astronautical Congress (IAC) Monday (Oct. 21) in Washington, starting with the popular policy discussion of the day returning astronauts to the moon.

The panel was formed this summer after the Apollo 11 50th anniversary celebrations of the first moon landing by NASA astronauts in July 1969. NASA has a directive from the Trump administration to return astronauts (including the first woman) to the moon's surface by 2024.

Related: Can NASA Really Put Astronauts on the Moon in 2024?

The European Space Agency (ESA), which is considering joining the push, discussed its "moon village" an idea of the last few years that would allow private, government and other entities to work together on the lunar surface for goals ranging from mining to space tourism. Director Johann-Dietrich Wrner clarified, however, that the ESA is not planning to go to the moon to stay, as NASA wants to.

"I'm against colonization of the moon and I'm against colonization of Mars," Wrner said during the IAC discussion. "Why? Because colonization means you are moving away people from the Earth, for the rest of their lives or maybe even for generations, on the moon and Mars." Neither is suitable for humans to explore unprotected, he said, adding that he didn't like the idea of traveling to another planet simply because our planet is becoming permanently altered by climate change.

Ellen Stofan, the John and Adrienne Mars director of the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum, agreed with the concept, while noting that using the word "colonization" is fraught. (It also has connotations concerning how Native Americans and other indigenous people were negatively treated after European settlers arrived in North America.) Quoting science popularizer Carl Sagan, Stofan said, "This is where we make our stand," about living on planet Earth.

And the lines between public government agencies and private companies are still being figured out amid these policy discussions, said George Nield, president of Commercial Space Technologies LLC and former associate administrator for commercial spaceflight at the Federal Aviation Administration.

He suggested the "role [of agencies] needs to change over time [because] I think now there's a different set of responsibilities that could help to grow that global space economy." For example, he said, the governments could define a strategic vision and take on a role such as developing infrastructure or creating space-business-friendly policies.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine (third from right) and Deputy Administrator Jim Morhard (fourth from right) speak with ESA Director General Johann-Dietrich Wrner (fourth from left) during the 70th annual International Astronautical Congress in Washington, on Oct. 22, 2019.

(Image credit: Aubrey Gemignani/NASA)

While the policy role of future lunar settlers remains an open question, companies are already working on ideas to bring in innovation while being as inclusive of diverse groups as possible, the IAC panelists said.

Lockheed Martin which sees the moon as a proving ground to practice exploration closer to home for Mars exploration, just like NASA is the company leading the construction of NASA's Orion spacecraft. Orion is the vessel NASA plans to use to travel between the Earth and lunar orbit. The company is looking at innovations in manufacturing, said Lisa Callahan, vice president and general manager of commercial civil space at Lockheed Martin.

"We're making a digital model of Orion using AR [augmented reality] technology on the floor, and the manufacturing facility. Our technicians can see, through goggles, their work instructions," she said, adding that the AR technology is saving 90% of labor costs already.

The company is also trying to build out the space ecosystem by spending 60% of its program dollars on suppliers, and of that money, 30% goes to small businesses, Callahan said. "We do a lot of partnerships," she said, including those with "my colleague to the left" meaning, Nanoracks CEO Jeffrey Manber, who was also participating in the panel at IAC.

Manber said the idea of space entrepreneurs didn't even exist 20 years ago, which is interesting as Nanoracks now manages a facility on the International Space Station (ISS) where various space companies test their technology, ranging from 3D printing to the growth of plants. "I think we're close to having automated laboratories," he added, which would be a different concept than the astronaut- or ground-tended laboratories on the ISS. If this goes forward, it would save astronauts time and allow them to focus on more specialized tasks that require more human ingenuity.

But space is also going to have to open up to more players, the panelists said. Stofan asked why it took 25 years to move from the first female spacewalk in 1984 to the first all-female spacewalk, which took place only last week. Meanwhile, Wrner advocated for space partnerships with countries such as China, which do not share the same social framework as the United States or Europe. But by doing partnerships, he said, it encourages each country to better understand the other's perspective.

Follow Elizabeth Howell on Twitter @howellspace. Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and on Facebook.

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Gardening in outer space is going to be tough – Treehugger

Posted: at 11:53 am

People are talking about moving to the moon and Mars, but what is everyone going to eat?

There is something about the human mentality that seems to defy the idea of biological imperatives. You'd think protecting one's habitat would rank pretty high on a species' list of how to ensure survival, right? And then here we are ... wrecking it all with abandon.

As we watch the ecosystems of our home orb crumbling under the pressure of humankind's baffling disregard for it all, people are looking at colonizing brand new shiny planets and satellites on which to start again. As Stephen Hawking put it: We are running out of space, and the only place we can go to are other worlds ... Spreading out may be the only thing that saves us from ourselves. I am convinced that humans need to leave Earth. He thought that we should be aiming to live on the moon in 30 years.

And another thing: What are we gonna eat on the moon, or on the seven-month trip to Mars; or once we get there, what are we going to actually eat on Mars? Because as it turns out, farming in space isn't going to be easy.

Now I don't know if the greenhouse site, The Greenhouse People, is working on any Mars-friendly greenhouses; but they did come up with the summary below showing the challenges involved in feeding space explorers. I mean, a person can not live on astronaut ice cream alone. The site notes:

"To survive both the trip and settle a new planet theres no escaping the fact that the trip will need food and lots of it. Realistically, any long-duration journeys such as a trip to Mars or setting up colonies on the moon would require a bio-regenerative life support system. Such a system would enable us to grow our own food and recycle carbon dioxide into breathable oxygen and to be truly self-sufficient on a new planet."

Ahh, if only it were that easy. Here's what we're looking at.

It really drives home the point that we are creatures of this planet; and our entire evolution has been intricately entwined with all of the other organisms here. We aren't built to live elsewhere, nor are the plants on which we depend on for survival. Call me a killjoy if you want, but to spend all of this time and effort trying to figure out how to escape our scorched Earth rather than trying to repair it while we still can seems like the ultimate folly.

People are talking about moving to the moon and Mars, but what is everyone going to eat?

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NASA may opt for inflatable habitats to house future human missions to Moon, Mars and beyond – Firstpost

Posted: at 11:53 am

ReutersOct 18, 2019 09:30:30 IST

When astronauts orbit the moon or live on its surface in the decade ahead, they will probably be doing so inside inflatable space lodges now in development.Dozens of NASA officials and veteran astronauts are wrapping up a review of five space habitat mockups built by different companies. The mockups offer the U.S. space agency ideas for an ideal Gateway the planned research outpost in lunar orbit that will house and transfer astronauts to the surface of the moon.

The whole point is to define what we like and what we dont like about these different habitats, NASA astronaut Mike Gernhardt, principal investigator for the testing campaign, told Reuters.

He and his team were making a final inspection recently in Las Vegas, Nevada at the headquarters of Bigelow Aerospace, a space habitat company founded by hotel chain billionaire Robert Bigelow.

The prime candidate for habitats to be carried aboard the lunar gateway. Image: Bigelow Aerospace

US Vice President Mike Pence in March told NASA to land its first crew of astronauts on the moon by 2024. That accelerated timeline spawned the space agencys Artemis program, which calls for privately built lunar landers, robotic rovers and Lunar Gateway a modular space station in orbit around the Moon with living quarters for astronauts, a lab for science and ports for visiting spacecraft.Gateway is an opportunity to test all these structures in a deep space environment... as a prelude to going to Mars, Bigelow told reporters. Potentially we think that for the rest of this century, the expandable architecture is where its at.

Bigelows B330 habitat, launched from Earth compacted inside a rocket, is made of a fabric-like material designed to shield inhabitants from deep-space radiation and high-speed space debris. Once docked alongside other Gateway modules in lunar orbit, the habitat unfurls into a two-story, 55-foot-long (16-meter-long) outpost that up to six astronauts could stay in.

The lunar space habitat and colonization program is expected to cost over a billion dollars through 2028.

Four other companies are doing mockups: Boeing Co, Northrop Grumman, Sierra Nevada Corporation, and Lockheed Martin.

Each of the companies received a chunk of the $65 million that NASA allotted in 2017 to develop the prototypes. The space agencys proposed funding for 2020 includes $500 million to kickstart the development of an initial version of Gateway. Companies are giving NASA ideas such as where to place astronaut toilets, how big the beds should be and how many windows the station should have. Those will inform a blueprint that NASA is due to release in the coming months.

NASA wants the habitats to include exercise equipment, a small kitchen, noise-canceling sleep stations that also block out light and a reliable and easy-to-use toilet thats in a location that minimizes the potential for cross-contamination with science and meal preparation activities, Gernhardt told Reuters.

Gernhardt and two other astronauts spent three days living in each prototype habitat.

The Bigelow's B330 habitats. Image: Bigelow Aerospace

For its Gateway habitat mockup, Lockheed Martin is outfitting beds, tables and windows in a 15-foot-wide and roughly 22-foot-long stainless steel structure originally designed as a shipping container to carry supplies to and from the International Space Station.

The space that youre living in has to be reconfigurable for the task at hand, Bill Pratt, Lockheeds habitat program manager, told Reuters. Like in an RV, your table becomes the bed that you sleep on at night.

Bigelow said his B330 habitat has two toilets for a crew of up to six to use, and that entertainment in the form of virtual-reality Earth simulations for astronauts to feel at home was in the works for future habitats that will revolve around Mars.

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Anime Series Coming to Netflix in 2019 – What’s on Netflix

Posted: at 11:53 am

Over the past few years, Netflix has dedicated a lot of time and money to bring more anime into its content library. By the end of 2018, there are 35 Original anime series and movies, not to mention all the other titles available, its a great time to be a fan of anime with a Netflix subscription. And its only going to get better! Below are all the upcoming anime titles coming to Netflix in 2019!

This is a live article. The post will be updated as we learn of more anime titles on the way to Netflix. Be sure to bookmark it to keep up to date with the latest news!

Last updated: May 23rd, 2019

Netflix has recently announced that even more anime titles will be on their way in 2019 and beyond! New titles such as Dragons Dogma, Ghost in the Shell and Super Crooks are on the way!

Release Date: November 28th, 2019Studio: Larx EntertainmentEpisodes: 12English Dub: Yes

After a successful first half to Kengan Ashura, Part 2 will be coming to Netflix at the end of October!

Release Date: November 28th, 2019Studio: Polygon PicturesEpisodes: TBCEnglish Dub: Yes

Information regarding Levius is very limited at the time of writing this update. The animation for Levius has been shot in a CGI format, very similar to the same art style that Polygon used for the recent Godzilla trilogy. From what weve seen of the trailer so far we cant what to see what Levius has in store for us!

The official synopsis has been given by Netflix:

In an age where devices are powered by steam, technology that fuses bodies to machinery makes cyber-boxing fights immensely popular. A young man named Levius is drawn into these fights through what can only be destiny, but his talents will be what determines his future.

Release Date: December 30th, 2019Studio: J.C. StaffEpisodes: 6English Dub: Yes

The Disastrous Life of Saiki K has been one of the funniest anime titles in recent years and one of the most streamed on Netflix. Now the titular esper is returning once again for a brand new series on Netflix!

Release Date: Winter 2019Studio: BonesEpisodes: 12English Dub: Yes

After a fantastic first half, fans are already eager to see the release of Carole & Tuesday part 2. You can expect to see the second half of the first season arrive later this year after the series has concluded its broadcast in Japan. Were expecting the release date to be in the Winter of 2019.

In the not too distant future, Humanity has colonized Mars. 50 years on from when the first colony settled humanity has entered into a new age of culture produced by A.I. 2 young women who aspire to become musicians have a fateful encounter and soon the pair starts a movement of music they didnt think was possible.

Release Date: TBCStudio: OrangeEpisodes: TBCEnglish Dub: Yes

We previously thought Beastars would be coming to Netflix in October but sadly this isnt the case. Beastars will instead air in Japan first in its entirety before eventually making its way to the global audience.

In a world populated by anthropomorphic animals, herbivores and carnivores coexist with each other. Regoshi the wolf is a member of the drama club. Despite his menacing appearance, he has a very gentle heart. Throughout most of his life, he has always been an object of fear and hatred by other animals, and hes been quite accustomed to that lifestyle. But soon, he finds himself becoming more involved with his fellow classmates who have their own share of insecurities and finds his life in school changing slowly.

Release Date: November 22nd, 2019Studio: Ascension Co.Episodes: TBCEnglish Dub: Yes

The minds behind Crayon Shin-Chan are collaborating once again to produce one of Netflixs latest Original anime. Each episode will be very short at only 7 minutes but each episode will focus on its own message. Its been confirmed the series will launch in 2019 but a release date has yet to be confirmed.

The story follows Naoko Watanabe, a typical tween girl aside from the fact that she possesses strange and sometimes troubling powers. When her anger exceeds a maximum level, she turns into Gauko, the fire-breathing dinosaur girl.

Release Date: TBC 2020Studio: Qubic PicturesEpisodes: 4English Dub:

Eden is the collaboration between Netflix and Yasuhiro Irie. The Original anime is rumoured to release in Q1 of 2020 and is expected to be one the best anime on Netflix to date. Irie was in the directors seat for beloved fan favorite Full Metal Alchemist: Brotherhood and the original FMA series years prior. If Irie can reap the same level of success then Eden will be incredible.

One thousand years in the future, the city Eden 3 has no human population, and is solely inhabited by robots. The human masters of the robots disappeared many years ago. Two farming robots, while on a mission outside of Eden, discover a human baby girl. Realizing that the ancient myth of humans is real, the two robots take in the little girl and raise her together in a safe haven outside of Eden.

Release Date: TBCStudio: PowerhouseEpisodes: TBCEnglish Dub: Yes

From the writers that brought you Immortals (2011) and Death Note (2017) alongside Powerhouse animation are bringing to you a Greek mythology Original anime series. The plot will see a brand story based on the mythology of the Greeks. A release date is to be confirmed but we could potentially see a 2019 release date.

Chronicling the illegitimate son of Zeus, a young man is tasked with saving heaven and earth despite the interference of a vengeful goddess and her monstrous forces.

Release Date: TBCStudio: Legendary EntertainmentEpisodes: TBCEnglish Dub: Yes

The series will act as a sequel in the universe of the Pacific Rim and expand upon the story of the first two films.

Two siblings in search for their parents are forced to pilot an abandoned Jaeger to cross their hostile world.

Release Date: TBC Studio: Anima Episodes: TBC English Dub: Yes

The universe of Altered Carbon could be a spectacle to behold as an anime. With the world similar in look to Blade Runner and Ghost in the Shell, the futuristic neon jungle is a sci-fi favorite.

The anime will take place in the same universe as the series but will expand upon the mythology of the world.

Release Date: TBC Studio: Gonzo Episodes: TBC English Dub: TBC

The series is based on the manga of the same name by author Kacho Hashimoto. Gonzo will be animating the series and if its anything like Hellsing or Afro Samurai we can expect a visual beauty.

Set in a post-apocalyptic world, a disease that turns humans into monstrous insects has ravaged humanity. In this world, a young couple struggles to survive in the post-apocalyptic world.

Release Date: 2020Studio: SublimationEpisodes: TBCEnglish Dub: TBC

Capcoms popular fantasy franchise is receiving its very own anime! Netflix has partnered with Sublimation to bring the series to the small screen. Its unclear how the series will be animated but from the previous work Sublimation has carried out for other titles it will likely be CGI.

On the continent of Gransys, a brave knight goes on a journey to find his heart after its stolen by Dragon. The appearance of the Dragon signals the end of days and the beginning of the apocalypse. Now an Arisen the brave knight is destined to face the dragon, must reclaim his heart and stop the apocalypse by slaying the beast.

Release Date: TBC Studio: MAPPA Episodes: TBC English Dub: TBC

Yasuke was the very first non-Japanese samurai in recorded history that served under the warlord Oda Nobunaga. Emmy nominated studio Flying Lotus is in charge of composing the music for the series.

In the war-torn era of feudal Japan, a retired ronin (a wandering samurai who had no lord or master) takes up arms once again after he is charged with the task of transporting a child to safety. The mysterious child is being hunted by dark forces that wish it dead forcing the ronin to bring his sword out of retirement and fight once more.

Release Date: TBC Studio: BASE Entertainment Episodes: TBC English Dub: TBC

Trese is based on the graphic novel of the same name by creators Budjette Tan and Kajo Baldissimo. Executive producer Jay Olivia has previously worked on titles such as Wonder Woman and The Legend of Korra. Production of the series will be split between the Singapore and Jakarta studios of BASE Entertainment.

The story is based upon Philippine folklore of mythical creatures that live in hiding amongst humans. Protagonist Alexandra Trese goes up against the criminal underworld of Manila whos crime bosses consist of supernatural beings.

Release Date: Spring 2020Studio: Production I.G.Episodes: TBC English Dub: TBC

The new Ghost in the Shell anime will be a reboot of the popular anime franchise of the same name. Details have been sparse on the anime but the release date will be sometime in Spring 2020.

Release Date: 2020Studio: Bones.INCEpisodes: TBCEnglish Dub: TBC

Youll be hearing more and more about the Millarworld franchise as brand new titles are announced. The Millarworld has some absolutely phenomenal stories that are being adopted by Netflix over the next few years and suffice to say we cant wait to see them all. The first to receive an anime adaptation is the super-villain comic Super Crooks. The comic currently has 4 volumes and has run since 2012. Bones is the studio animating the title, to which some fans will recognize are the producers of popular anime franchise My Hero Academia.

With the appearance of so many super villains, the authorities are trying even harder to subdue them. Tired of a saturated market and the authorities constantly hounding them a team of supervillains head to Spain to carry out a legendary last heist.

Release Date: 2020Studio: David ProductionEpisodes: TBCEnglish Dub: TBC

Spriggan ran from 1988 to 1996 for a total of 11 volumes to which only 2 adaptations of the franchise have been carried out. A video game was produced for the PlayStation in 1999 and a year prior a film adaptation was released in Japan. Its been over 2 decades since the release of the film and the franchise is finally getting its own anime.

Many years ago an ancient civilization once ruled the Earth but ultimately destroyed themselves. Leaving messages to future generations to find, they detail how to use the powerful creations they used. Various factions begin to search for the mysterious artifacts in the order to use them against their enemies. Standing in their way is the ARCAM Corporation and their elite squadron of soldiers known as Spriggans.

Release Date: 2020Studio: WIT StudioEpisodes: TBCEnglish Dub: TBC

Not much is know about Vampire in the Garden as there isnt any source material. The series will be produced by WIT who is responsible for the development of the popular Attack on Titan franchise.

A story about an unlikely friendship between human and vampire race that intertwines with the power or music.

Release Date: TBCStudio:Episodes: TBCEnglish Dub: Yes

With over 11 million players, Magic The Gathering is one of the biggest card games on the planet. With a huge amount of lore and history within the card games world, it was only a matter of time an adaptation was due. The series is being co-produced by Netflix and Avengers directors the Russo Brothers. A release date hasnt been confirmed and it could still be a number of years before we see the release of the highly anticipated anime series.

Are you excited for the upcoming anime titles? Let us know in the comments below which ones youre looking forward to.

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Signs Of Ancient Life Found Deep Within Europe’s Biggest Impact Crater – IFLScience

Posted: at 11:53 am

Around 375 million years ago, a vast rock came crashing down to Earth, leaving an immense crater in modern-day Sweden. Now, scientists have uncovered evidence to suggest ancient microbes dwelled in the cavity, which could have implications for the search for life beyond Earth.

Swedens Siljan crater, aka the Siljan Ring, is the biggest impact structure in Europe, measuring about 52 kilometers (32 miles) across. The crater is being drilled for natural gas and researchers at Linnaeus Universityhave managed to get their hands on some of the resulting rock cores.

The researchers examined fractured rock found deep within the crater and spotted signs of ancient life. The rock fractures contained teeny crystals of calcium carbonate and sulfide, which appear to be the result of microbial activity.

Specifically, the relative abundance of different isotopes of carbon and sulfur within these minerals tells us that microorganisms that produce and consume the greenhouse gas methane have been present, and also microbes that reduce sulfate into sulfide, said lead author Henrik Drake in a statement. These are isotopic fingerprints for ancient life.

To work out when the microbes might have been active, the researchers used radioisotope dating techniques and concluded that the crystals formed between 80 and 22 million years ago. While this suggests that microbes were active in the crater for a very long time, it also suggests they lived there as long as 300 million years after the initial impact. The findings are reported in Nature Communications.

Life doesnt just exist on Earths surface, much thrives deep beneath our feet in what is known as the deep biosphere. Critters that survive at these depths are sometimes referred to as intraterrestrials, and its thought that their homes are often created by meteorite impacts.

So what do Siljans intraterrestrials tell us about the potential existence of extraterrestrials? Well, if life were to exist on other planets, it may well have been triggered by meteorite impacts. These impacts allow life to colonize the area by creating pores for microbes to live in, and by driving hydrothermal convection the circulation of fluids deep in the Earth which benefits deep ecosystems.

Detailed understanding of microbial colonization of impact craters has wide-ranging astrobiological implications, explained study co-author Magnus Ivarsson. The methodology that we present should be optimal to provide spatiotemporal constraints for ancient microbial methane formation and utilization in other impact crater systems, such as the methane emitting craters on Mars.

Our findings indeed confirm that impact craters are favorable microbial habitats on Earth and perhaps beyond, added Drake.

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NASA chief says the first human on Mars may be a woman – NBC News

Posted: October 22, 2019 at 4:46 am

When NASA sends humans to the moon for the first time in more than half a century, one lucky astronaut will go down in history for becoming the first woman on the moon. Then it won't be long before we see the first woman on Mars, and she just might beat the first man there, according to NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine.

"We could very well see the first person on Mars be a woman," Bridenstine told reporters on Friday (Oct. 18) during a news conference about the first all-woman spacewalk. "I think that could very well be a milestone," he added.

NASA currently has no concrete plans for landing humans on Mars the moon is the agency's first priority but Bridenstine has said that the first crewed Mars landing could happen sometime in the 2030s. Meanwhile, the private spaceflight company SpaceX is working on its Starship Mars-colonizing rocket, which could help NASA send those astronaut pioneers to the Red Planet.

"If my 11-year-old daughter has her way, we'll have a woman on Mars in the not-too-distant future," Bridenstine said, adding that whoever ends up going to Mars is probably too young to have already been selected to join NASA's astronaut corps at this time. However, the soon-to-be first woman on the moon will likely be selected from NASA's current pool of active astronauts.

NASA has not yet announced who will be the first woman on the moon, but whoever she may be, she's scheduled to land in 2024. That moon landing mission is part of NASA's Artemis program, which is the agency's precursor to establishing a permanent human presence on and around the moon something that may help pave the way to Mars.

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Surviving the Aftermath, the sequel to Surviving Mars, is out now – PC Gamer

Posted: at 4:46 am

Surviving the Aftermath was announced earlier this month as the sequel to Surviving Mars, the Martian colonization sim released last year by Haemimont Games and Paradox Interactive. Very little was revealed at the time but we got a closer look at the now-underway PDXCON and discovered a few surprises, including that it doesn't take place on Marsand that it's available today on the Epic Games Store.

This new survival management sim is actually set on Earth, albeit an Earth that's a whole lot more banged up than the one we're used to. Humanity has finally had the biscuit, and all that remains now is the detritus of civilization and a few stragglers who are going to do their best to rebuild, or at least not die immediately.

Customizable apocalypse scenarios can raise or lower the difficulty for those left behindit's a lot easier to get by in a depopulated wilderness than a scorched radioactive desert, after all. But the ultimate goal remains the same: Attract survivors, collect resources, build your society, and deal with the inevitable messes that result.

Surviving the Aftermath is being made by a different developer, Iceflake Studios, and the Earth-bound setting makes it sound a little more conventional than its predecessor. Based on our hands-on preview though, it sounds like things get rolling fairly quicklyalthough it's possible that letting the entire colony fistfight for kicks accelerated, well, pretty much everything.

The initial early access release is available now on the Epic Games Store for $20/16/20, while the full launch is expected to take place in 2020, and will also be on Steam. A development roadmap and other relevant details can be had at

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At IAC, Pence sets heavy political tone and touts "space force" again – Inverse

Posted: at 4:46 am

During the opening ceremony of an international space conference on global cooperation for a future vision of space, United States Vice President Mike Pence made it clear that he would really like to see America taking the lead in space travel and exploration.

The United States of America will always be willing to work closely with like-minded, freedom-loving nations as we lead mankind into the final frontier, Pence said during the opening remarks at the 70th International Astronautical Congress (IAC) on Monday. Our vision is to be the leader among freedom-loving nations.

Prior to his opening remarks, a petition went around calling on the organizers of the event to cancel his appearance, with some participants threatening to walk out during his speech in protest of Pences political and social views.

IAC is an annual conference hosted by the International Astronautical Federation together with the International Academy of Astronautics and the International Institute of Space Law, bringing together scientists, industry experts and space agency leaders to discuss what is happening in space today.

This years theme is Space: The Power of The Past, The Promise of The Future, which honors the Apollo 11 crew with the World Space Award, and looks forward towards whats next on the space exploration agenda.

During his speech, Pence gave a nod to the Apollo 11 astronauts, while emphasizing a revival of U.S. leadership in space travel.

Under President [Donald] Trumps leadership, America is leading in space once again, Pence said. In our very first year of office, after laying dormant for nearly a quarter of century, President Trump revived the National Space Council.

In June, 2017, Trump signed an executive order to relaunch the National Space Council, which handles issues related to space policy, after it was disbanded in 1993.

The current administration also established a space force, a sixth branch of the armed forces that will train space soldiers, which Pence said will soon be a reality.

Space plays a critical role in our national security as it does for every nation around the world, Pence said. And the space force will be a vanguard to defending our nation, defending our freedom, and defending the rights of all freedom-loving nations in the vast expanse of space.

To ensure the U.S. gets a piece of that vast expanse, Trump signed a space policy directive which amended the policies of former President Barack Obama, and called for an American led human mission to the Moon, followed by a mission to Mars, in an effort for long term exploration and possible colonization of the lunar surface.

And yet, it hasnt exactly been smooth sailing between the current US administration and NASA. Two years later, a tweet from Trump dismissed what seemed to be a two-party understanding.

For all of the money we are spending, NASA should NOT be talking about going to the Moon We did that 50 years ago, he wrote on June 7, 2019. They should be focused on the much bigger things we are doing, including Mars (of which the Moon is a part), Defense and Science!

But NASAs Artemis mission scheduled to take off to the moon in 2024, is still on track.

We will return American astronauts to the moon for long time exploration and use, Pence said on Monday. Were going back to the moon, and then to Mars.

The vice president also highlighted the role that private enterprise will play in this future vision for space, adding that NASA is leading a commercial friendly effort to develop lunar landers that will carry humans to the moon, as well as orbital platforms to replace the International Space Station.

Jeff Bezos, the CEO of Amazon and founder of private space company Blue Origin will receive the Excellence in Industry Award on Tuesday for his contributions to the space industry.

Back in 2016, Founder and CEO of another private space company, Elon Musk,unveiled the spacecrafthe plans on using for a future mission to Mars, and possible colonization of the red planet.

Pence also spoke of cooperation with other countries. Well, specifically freedom-loving nations such as Japan, Canada, and European allies. The good news is, with the renewed American leadership in space, were also seeing renewed cooperation among freedom-loving nations around the world to advance space exploration, he said.

However, Pence left out Russia, with whom the U.S. has been locked in an eternal space race with.

NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine is scheduled for a press conference on Monday with representatives from space agencies in India, China, Japan and, obviously, Russia.

Bridenstine received a nod from Pence, who thanked him for the work he is doing to revive American leadership in space.

The IAC will run until Friday, October 25, with a live stream of the events here.

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Why isn’t Germany taking over the moon? – DW (English)

Posted: at 4:46 am

At a recent gathering in Berlin of space technology businesses the mood was upbeat. Yet while astronaut Matthias Maurer was stealing the show and beguiling schoolchildren and adults alike, there were important issues floating through the air. The biggest question wasn't about colonizing Mars, sending millionaire tourists to the moon or even mining it for minerals. The biggest question of all was: Why isn't tech wonderland Germany at the head of the space race?

Besides giants Airbus and OHB in Bremen, there are a lot of smaller companies and startups looking toward the stars throughout Germany. Standing above all these private companies is the European Space Agency (ESA), an organization made up of 22 member countries with a total budget of 5.72 billion ($6.39 billion) for 2019.

After France, the German government is its second-biggest cash contributor. For this money, Berlin wasable to get two prizes: ESA Mission Control in Darmstadt and the astronaut training center in Cologne. This may sound like a big win, but they came at a steep price. Germany's contribution to ESA this year alone was 927 million.

At home Germany spends an additional 285 million on space programs. This may seem like a lot, but it's a pittance compared withFrance's 726 million. Overall Germany only spends 0.05% of GDP on such programs. This puts them behind India, Italy, Japan, China ,Russia, France and the USwhich spends 0.224% according to Goldman Sachs' European Space Policy Institute.

Missing the boat

But no matter how much is being spent, many are critical about how it is spent. Right now the lion's share of government cash goes to the major players, Airbus and OHB. Tom Segert, director of business and strategy at the startup Berlin Space Technologies, is one of those who sees change coming though. "We are having a moment where the big players in Germany, but also the smaller players, are waking up. They realize something big is going to happen,"he told DW.

In Germany, "we have the technology, but we don't have the demand,"said Segert, pointing to the fact that these conglomerates are working on biginternational projects and building big satellites, not the smaller ones businesses actually want. This is the gap that Berlin Space Technologies wants to fill.

Tom Segert is director of business and strategy at startup Berlin Space Technologies

Founded in 2010 by three friends, the startup now has 29 employees who work to design small satellites systems anywhere from the size of a microwaveoven to a washing machine and the technology behind them.

"Space seemed to be the place where you can always do something new, something that nobody has done before. I didn't know about the bureaucracy that was awaiting me and about all the pitfalls of a government-driven space program,"said Segert. Nonetheless, the company has so far taken part in over 50 space missions.

Making a prototype can take 1-2 years. But the company wants to move away from individual satellites into mass manufacturing, and for this they have started a joint venture in India. Once a satellite goes into large-scale mass production, the building time can be reduced to one or two weeks. This drives down costs, and having more satellites in orbit creates a network, a "constellation of satellites"in space.

The forefront of technology

In general, Segert thinks that for most companies building satellites is a waste of resources. They should instead focus on services and data. "The biggest chances for European startups are in the downstream because they are getting the data for free [from NASA or ESA]. It's not the best data, but they get some data for free which is a big hurdle for everybody else."

Focusing more on services will lead to the demise of many manufacturing companies. Only the strongest will survive Darwin in space a typical process in maturing industries.

German astronaut Matthias Maurer answering question from the public at a meeting in Berlin of space businesses organized by the Federation of German Industries (BDI)

At the same time industry associations are pushing Germany to build a spaceport, or launching center, of its own. They are not talking about thosebig enough to send humans into space, but one that would enable companies to launch rockets and satellites without depending on other countries. Today only a handful of countries have this capability. Bringing it closer to home would make things easier.

Though such prestige projects fascinate the public, space programs have developed many technologies that have come into normal use and impact daily life. Things like batteries, ceramics, solar technologies, autonomous driving and the use of lightweight metals were all advanced thanks to space innovations.

A shot in the dark

Newer technologies using satellites includebetter communications, weather forecasting and navigation. Images from space can be used to monitor coral reefs, forests, water levels, fires or natural disasters. They can also watch pipelines, trains and power lines. These images can teachabout the Earth and bring home the ideas of global warming.

To make the most of the possibilities in space, Segert from Berlin Space Technologieswould like to see industry do more of the things thatESA, Airbus or OHB do things that are often funded by taxpayers. He also warns companies to stick to the things they are good at like making equipment, components, satellites, rockets, organizing launches or providing services. Not everything at once.

"I am very doubtful about hardware startups that are founded right now because they are very late to the game,"concluded Segert. For him the future of the space business in Germany is unclear, it can go two ways: The first would be a business-as-usual model in which the government spends ever-increasing amounts of money to keep national champions alive that skew the marking and where no real progress is made.

In the second model the government, taxpayers and companies would see that things have not been done in the most efficient way. The government will get out of the business of making satellites and turn into a consumer of services. This would lead to a decline in satellite manufactures and costs. Then the focus would be on data, the gold of the 21st century.

Space offers nearly infinite possibilities and a lot of room to grow. Now 50 years after the first moon landing, the real test will be to see if governments will create the legal framework to govern space and then step aside and let the market take over and give consumers what they want. Germany as a big spender can nudge it either way.

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