This article has its origin in some way from the German mathematician, philosopher, and logician Gottfried Leibniz. The limited but meritorious degree did not prevent him from developing scientific knowledge in the seventeenth century from questioning originality. The origin of the universe. About the nature of the material. About the cause of existence itself.
These questions may have been asked by other people before him, but Leibniz left us a very valuable set of documents that Collect their reflections, Without which we may not be able to fully explain his fundamental contributions to mathematics, physics, logic, metaphysics, geology or philosophy, among other disciplines.
Observations indicate that the universe arose out of void, but not out of a void like our classic concept of emptiness describes, but from a false void.
Leibniz is, and I am not exaggerating in the least, one of those giants on whose shoulders current scientific knowledge stands. Unfortunately, he passed away without even being able to touch the answer to a question that, according to his writings, bothered him so much. Why is there something rather than nothing. What is the real reason for existence.
Fortunately, his ideas and the knowledge that he imparted to us have inspired many researchers who, using the scientific development we achieved during the twentieth century and the first two decades of the twenty-first century, were able to formulate hypotheses that seek to explain the nature of this issue. How is it possible that the universe that we know Out of the voidThis appears to be reflected in our observations. But not out of thin air. From the real void: quantum space.
One way to define a vacuum that is easy to feel comfortable with is to describe it as a region of space in which there is an absolute absence of matter and energy. This is the classic concept of a vacuum, and it invites us to accept the fact that it exists, Different degrees of emptiness Which can be determined by comparing the pressure in the area of space that we want to measure with atmospheric pressure.
However, modern science has replaced this view. The development of relativistic and quantum mechanics has allowed scientists to develop a description of a vacuum that is more relevant to reality as it is seen as a physical state of a related system. With the least amount of energy That this may be. The implications of this idea, which has been proven experimentally, are very profound. And surprisingly, too.
Our best tool for understanding vacuum fluctuations is the Heisenberg indeterminacy principle.
From a quantum mechanics perspective, space is not empty. Contains randomly generated waves. Also, these waves behave like particles, so one way to define this quantum vacuum is to describe it as a mixture of particles that are created and destroyed very quickly. This is known as vacuum fluctuations, and the best way to understand them is Heisenbergs Indeterminacy Principle.
We dont need to know what this principle tells us in its entirety, but to move forward, it is good for us to know that it is a theory that defends this in the physical systems described by quantum mechanics, which studies the properties of nature on an atomic scale. We cannot select at one time The value of all physical parameters that we can observe. In classical mechanics we can describe any physical system by listing the value of the parameters that we can measure, but in quantum mechanics we cannot.
In fact, the principle of indeterminism states that There are some pairs of ingredients, Such as a particles position and momentum, which are not simultaneously determined. This means that the more we try to measure its position, the less information we get about its momentum, which is determined by its mass and velocity at a given moment.
The same thing happens in the opposite direction: the more precisely we measure the momentum of a particle, the greater the uncertainty when determining its position at a given moment. Heisenbergs Indeterminacy Principle is a very valuable tool for our understanding Void fluctuations Because it creates an indefinite relationship between the value of the systems energy and the time we invest in measuring it.
A direct consequence of this relationship is that if a vacuum, as we have seen, is not empty, but contains waves that behave like particles, then it also contains energy, and manifests itself as a field. Moreover, the field cannot have constant energy at any point, which means that in a vacuum the energy of the fields cannot be constant. It fluctuates constantly. This is the starting point for the next section of the article.
The experimentally obtained measurements indicate that the universe arose out of a vacuum. From the volatile quantum void that we just described. We still do not have a theory that conclusively explains the origin of the universe, but the most acceptable because it has observational support, which has not prevented it from having critics, is Cosmic inflation.
There is still a lot to do, and there are still many phenomena that we cannot explain, but scientists are confident that technological development will allow us to Get more accurate measurements That can be used in the future to correct and develop existing theories, or to develop new theories.
The germ of the inflation theory is the idea that the universe began from the void state of a field known as an inflaton.
The germ of the cosmic inflation theory is the idea that the universe began from a void state of a field that scientists call Plato. At that primordial moment this was the only sphere in existence, presumably spread throughout space, and presumably unlimited in range. One of the characteristics of blowing is that it can persist in a pseudo-vacuum where the particles associated with the field are lacking, but without remaining in a state of minimum energy.
The curious thing is that when gravity is theoretically introduced into this scenario, the inflaton acquires a massive gravitational repulsion responsible for the expansion of space itself. This is known as inflation. The theoretical physicists who defend this theory believe that inflone has an energy profile similar to that of the Higgs field, but differs from this in that it could adopt it. A state of false emptiness Its energy was not the lowest possible.
Indeed, inflation must initially be in a state of pseudo-void, but with a marked tendency to reach a state of true void. During its fall to this latter state, it must have been subjected to a repellant gravitational pull, which, as we have seen, would cause the space in which this field is located to expand. When the minimum energy value is reached, inflation can be subjected to fluctuations that will induce it Increase your energy level Dissipate your initial energy.
If the sphere, as we just saw, tends to reach a true vacuum from a false vacuum state in which its energy is higher, the only possible strategy is to release its initial energy. And that brings us to the idea that culminates in this theory: Quantum mechanics argues that the release of energy does happen Generating fields and their particles This is related, so that physicists defending the theory of cosmic inflation believe that this was the mechanism that led to the creation of the fields and particles that make up the universe in which we live.
In this article, weve only scratched the surface because our goal is to get it as close at hand as possible, but if you like it and want us to continue investigating the origin of the universe in other reports, let us know in the comments. Its definitely a complicated topic, however Its also exciting We would like to delve into it with you.
Cover photo | Alex Andrews
Pictures | Alex Andrews | Mohan Reddy Atalu
See original here:
- The windswept German island that inspired quantum physics - Spectator.co.uk - April 6th, 2021
- Junior wins Goldwater scholarship | The Source | Washington University in St. Louis - Washington University Record - April 6th, 2021
- Raytheon Technologies Announces $500 Million Social Impact Initiative - PRNewswire - April 6th, 2021
- Raytheon Technologies to release first quarter results on April 27, 2021 - CapeNews.net - April 6th, 2021
- An Interstellar Trip with Einstein, Newton, and Tesla - EE Times India - April 6th, 2021
- Searching for New Physics in the Subatomic World - SciTechDaily - April 6th, 2021
- QCI Expands Sales and Marketing Team to Accelerate Growth and Advance Enterprise Adoption of Quantum Computing - GlobeNewswire - April 6th, 2021
- Quantum Physics to Disrupt Geospatial Industry over the Coming Decade - GIM International - April 4th, 2021
- Imaginarity: New Paper Says The Imaginary Part Of Quantum Mechanics Can Be Observed - Science 2.0 - April 4th, 2021
- The mystery of the muon's magnetism | symmetry magazine - Symmetry magazine - April 4th, 2021
- Your Guide to Products and Technologies That Are Pseudoscience - Interesting Engineering - April 4th, 2021
- 6 Quantum Computing Stocks to Invest in This Decade - Investment U - April 4th, 2021
- What if youre living in a simulation, but theres no computer? - The Next Web - April 4th, 2021
- Quantum physics: what to expect - Study International News - March 31st, 2021
- Helgoland by Carlo Rovelli review a meditation on quantum theory - The Guardian - March 31st, 2021
- 'Spacekime theory' could speed up research and heal the rift in physics - Big Think - March 31st, 2021
- Some Black Holes Are Impossible In Our Universe - Forbes - March 31st, 2021
- Scientists Have Simulated The Primordial Quantum Structure of Our Universe - ScienceAlert - March 31st, 2021
- Post-Doctoral Research Associate Experimental Condensed Matter Physics job with ROYAL HOLLOWAY, UNIVERSITY OF LONDON | 250229 - Times Higher Education... - March 31st, 2021
- No free will, no ideas: Physicist Brian Greene reduces everything to 'particles and fields' - National Catholic Reporter - March 31st, 2021
- Carlo Rovelli on his search for the theory of everything - Prospect - March 31st, 2021
- Do Alternate Realities Exist? This Artist's Machines Are Ready to Find Out - PCMag - March 31st, 2021
- After 50 Years, Physicists Confirm The Existence of an Elusive Quasiparticle - ScienceAlert - March 25th, 2021
- Helgoland by Carlo Rovelli review the mysteries of quantum mechanics - The Guardian - March 25th, 2021
- Quantum Week 2021 Unveils the Latest in Quantum Computing and Engineering - PRNewswire - March 25th, 2021
- QMAP Will Have Data Science and AI as Downstairs Neighbors - UC Davis - March 25th, 2021
- Has the black hole information paradox evaporated? - Symmetry magazine - March 25th, 2021
- Ultracold Quantum Collisions Have Been Achieved in Space for the First Time - Scientific American - March 25th, 2021
- Measuring the invisible - MIT News - March 25th, 2021
- Einsteins Fridge Review: Heated Arguments - The Wall Street Journal - March 25th, 2021
- I'm Agonizing over My Naive Realism - Scientific American - March 25th, 2021
- Crucial Milestone for Scalable Quantum Technology: 2D Array of Semiconductor Qubits That Functions as a Quantum Processor - SciTechDaily - March 25th, 2021
- Letter to the Editor: Too many satellites could obscure the stars - pressherald.com - March 16th, 2021
- Netflix scores 35 Oscar nominations in year dominated by streaming - ETTelecom.com - March 16th, 2021
- Huawei CFO Meng Wanzhou to appear in Canada court for final phase of extradition hearings - ETTelecom.com - March 16th, 2021
- Quantum Mechanics, the Chinese Room Experiment and the Limits of Understanding - Scientific American - March 11th, 2021
- Welcome To The Future: Navigating The Rich, Intertwined Quantum Software Ecosystem - Forbes - March 11th, 2021
- Quantum Mischief Rewrites the Laws of Cause and Effect - Quanta Magazine - March 11th, 2021
- Physicists have measured gravity on the smallest scale ever - New Scientist News - March 11th, 2021
- Mindblowing Approach to Electromobility: Is nanoFlowcell Overtaking the Future? - autoevolution - March 7th, 2021
- Physicists Just Found 4 New Subatomic Particles That May Test The Laws of Nature - ScienceAlert - March 7th, 2021
- New History of the Physics Department by Raj Gupta and Paul Sharrah Published - University of Arkansas Newswire - March 3rd, 2021
- New research indicates the whole universe could be a giant neural network - The Next Web - March 3rd, 2021
- Roivant Grows Computational Drug Discovery Engine with Acquisition of Silicon Therapeutics - Business Wire - March 3rd, 2021
- Physics - The Tiniest Superfluid Circuit in Nature - Physics - February 27th, 2021
- Can god be disproved using the laws of physics? An expert explains how it depends on perspective - Scroll.in - February 27th, 2021
- How philosophy blends physics with the idea of free will - Big Think - February 27th, 2021
- Exclusive! Ashwin Sanghi on his dream to cast Sushant Singh Rajput in 'Keepers Of The Kalachakra' series: He was like an excited child when it came to... - February 27th, 2021
- SD Times Open-Source Project of the Week: PennyLane - SDTimes.com - February 27th, 2021
- Google Teams With D-Wave in Massive Quantum Computing Leap, Cracking Simulation Problem - The Daily Hodl - February 27th, 2021
- Tech Talk: Universe or multiverse? | Free - Ashland Daily Press - February 27th, 2021
- Physicists Show a Speed Limit Also Applies in the Quantum World - SciTechDaily - February 25th, 2021
- Can the laws of Physics help settle the debate over the existence of God? - Firstpost - February 25th, 2021
- OU appoints three to rank of Distinguished Professor - 2021 - Office of the Provost - News - OU Magazine - News at OU - February 25th, 2021
- Mid-Atlantic Quantum Alliance Expands Impact and Reach with Addition of 10 New Partners - PR Web - February 25th, 2021
- Everything you need to know about quantum physics (almost ... - February 22nd, 2021
- Quantum mechanics - Wikipedia - February 22nd, 2021
- Six Things Everyone Should Know About Quantum Physics - February 22nd, 2021
- A new Approach Could Tease out the Connection Between Gravity and Quantum Mechanics - Universe Today - February 22nd, 2021
- And So It Begins Quantum Physicists Create a New Universe With Its Own Rules - The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel - February 22nd, 2021
- IBM adds 10 historically Black colleges and universities to quantum computing center - TechRepublic - February 22nd, 2021
- Physicists Need to Be More Careful with How They Name Things - Scientific American - February 22nd, 2021
- Can the laws of physics disprove God? - The Conversation UK - February 22nd, 2021
- Planet Earth Report The Quantum Century to Events That Could Have Ended Humanity - The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel - February 22nd, 2021
- A New Measurement of Quantum Space-Time Has Found Nothing Going On - ScienceAlert - February 22nd, 2021
- With a $50,000 Grant, Black Quantum Futurism Will Continue to Disrupt Space and Time - GalleristNY - February 22nd, 2021
- Gravity May Play a Tiny But Important Role in The Microworld of Particle Physics - ScienceAlert - February 22nd, 2021
- IBM Adds Future Developer And Software Details To Its Quantum Roadmap - Forbes - February 22nd, 2021
- Physics - A Superconducting Qubit that Protects Itself - Physics - February 22nd, 2021
- Black Quantum Futurism receives the Knight Foundations new art and technology fellowship - WHYY - February 22nd, 2021
- Quantum Mechanics, Free Will and the Game of Life - Scientific American - February 14th, 2021
- Quantum Theory Proposes That Cause and Effect Can Go In Loops - Universe Today - February 14th, 2021
- The search for dark matter gets a speed boost from quantum technology - The Conversation US - February 14th, 2021
- Microsofts Big Win in Quantum Computing Was an Error After All - WIRED - February 14th, 2021
- Kangaroo Court: Quantum Computing Thinking on the Future - JD Supra - February 14th, 2021
- New EU Consortium shaping the future of Quantum Computing USA - PRNewswire - February 14th, 2021
- 2020 Quantum Communications in Space Research Report: Quantum Communications are Expected to Solve the Problem of Secure communications First on... - February 14th, 2021
- Mutually unbiased bases and symmetric informationally complete measurements in Bell experiments - Science Advances - February 14th, 2021
- Yale Quantum Institute Co-sponsored Event - Alternative Realities for the Living - Quantum Physics & Fiction - Yale News - February 14th, 2021
- Dont Tell Einstein, but Black Holes Might Have Hair - WIRED - February 14th, 2021