IfA astronomers will help NASA generate a three-dimensional map of the universe.
University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy (IfA) astronomers will play an instrumental role in helping unveil the universes very first galaxies, more than 13 billion light years away. On Monday, April 19, NASA announced the first suite of science programs for its groundbreaking James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), set to launch in October 2021. The IfA researchers are part of the COSMOS-Webb project, which will be the largest guest observer program in JWSTs first year of operation.
The IfA astronomers will conduct detailed follow-up observations of galaxies seen in the JWST images, using the telescopes on Maunakea. The JWST is the largest and most powerful space telescope ever built and will succeed NASAs Hubble Space Telescope. It is equipped to observe some of the most distant objects in the universe, using upgraded infrared sensitivity and resolution.
Ground-based observations from Maunakea will be critical for turning the JWST images into a three-dimensional map of the universe, said David Sanders, lead IfA investigator.
Sanders and his IfA team are part of the newly selected COSMOS-Webb program, comprised of nearly 50 researchers from 30 institutions worldwide, including IfA, the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT), and University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin). The COSMOS-Webb program will help NASA map the first galaxies formed at Cosmic Dawn, when the universe was less than 1/20th of its current age.
Researchers will conduct spectroscopic follow-up of interesting galaxies at the W.M. Keck Observatory and Subaru Telescope. Subarus new instrument called the Prime Focus Spectrograph will be crucial for determining distances to all galaxies in the JWST survey.
The program will log more than 200 hours of observation time on Maunakea to conduct an ambitious survey of half a million galaxies. An unprecedented 32,000 galaxies will be observed using mid-infrared imaging. Researchers will rapidly release data to the public so it can lead to other studies.
The sheer scope of our program is so exciting, said IfA alumna Jeyhan Kartaltepe, a professor at RITs School of Physics and Astronomy. The first year of Webb observations will result in a lot of new discoveries that people will want to explore more in-depth in future cycles.
Much of the earlier research in this specific part of the sky has been centered at the IfA, including the S-COSMOS survey, a deep infrared imaging survey using NASAs Spitzer Space Telescope. Led by Sanders, the project was an essential precursor to this JWST program.
COSMOS-Webb has the potential to be ground-breaking in ways we havent even dreamt yet, said former IfA Hubble Fellow Caitlin Casey, now an assistant professor and COSMOS-Webb principal investigator at UT Austin. You dont know what treasures are there to find until you use an incredible telescope like Webb to stare at the sky for a long time.
COSMOS-Webb is one of just 286 general scientific observer programs NASA selected out of more than 1,000 proposals for the telescopes first year of science. These specific programs will provide the worldwide astronomical community with one of the first extensive opportunities to investigate scientific targets. JWST is slated to be operational in 2022.
For more information go to the Space Telescope Science Institute website.
This work is an example of UH Mnoas goal of Excellence in Research: Advancing the Research and Creative Work Enterprise (PDF), one of four goals identified in the 201525 Strategic Plan (PDF), updated in December 2020.
See the original post:
- 500 astronomy labs yet to see light of day - The Hindu - June 20th, 2021
- Astronomers spot largest rotation in the universe - EarthSky - June 20th, 2021
- Looking at the stars, or falling by the wayside? How astronomy is failing female scientists - Space.com - June 18th, 2021
- Astronomers discover largest known spinning structures in the universe - Space.com - June 18th, 2021
- UW astronomer redefines the scientific hero as part of The Great Courses - UW News - June 18th, 2021
- Astronomy Professor Develops Innovative Medical Imaging Device - The College Today - June 18th, 2021
- 'Changing-Look' Blazar Spotted 6.3 Billion Light-Years Away | Astronomy - Sci-News.com - June 18th, 2021
- Astronomer Kelsey Johnson Reflects on the Science Behind the Search for UFOs - University of Virginia - June 18th, 2021
- 3.3-Billion-Light-Year-Long Arc of Galaxies Discovered | Astronomy - Sci-News.com - June 18th, 2021
- Texas A&M astronomer weighs in on upcoming UFO report - Times Record News - June 18th, 2021
- Earth, space, time, and more: Read how Indian scholars had recorded astronomical facts centuries before they were discovered by Westerns - OpIndia - June 18th, 2021
- How far away are supernovae? Astronomers find a way to tighten measurements - SYFY WIRE - June 18th, 2021
- Astronomers Have Tracked Down the Source of High Energy Cosmic Rays to Regions Within the Milky Way Itself - Universe Today - June 11th, 2021
- The rise and rapid fall of the Stingray Nebula - SYFY WIRE - June 11th, 2021
- Astronomers To NASA: Please, Build This Telescope! - Forbes - June 11th, 2021
- The Vatican's Space Observatory Wants To See Stars And Faith Align - NPR - June 11th, 2021
- UMD Astronomer Spots Triple Galaxy Merger That Sheds Light on Black Hole, Galaxy Formation - Maryland Today - June 11th, 2021
- Astronomers Confirm the Existence of Magnetic Waves in the Suns Photosphere - Universe Today - June 11th, 2021
- The first lone neutron star ever seen outside the Milky Way - SYFY WIRE - June 11th, 2021
- Out of this world: How Mills Observatory was nearly built on Dundee Law - The Courier - June 11th, 2021
- The delicate beauty of illuminated dust - SYFY WIRE - June 4th, 2021
- GW Physics Professor Awarded Shaw Prize in Astronomy - GW Today - June 4th, 2021
- Young Nebula Hints at Formation of Stars in Early Universe - PRNewswire - June 4th, 2021
- Recreation Services finds success with virtual programming - UC Riverside - June 4th, 2021
- Giant planets live in the suburbsGiant planets live in the suburbs - EarthSky - June 4th, 2021
- AfAS and the IAU-OAD Sign Cooperation Agreement to Strengthen Development Through Astronomy In Africa - Space in Africa - June 4th, 2021
- June Astronomy: As the Summer Begins, Mars and Venus Engage in a Cosmic Dance with Pollux and Castor - Coachella Valley Independent - June 4th, 2021
- Spinning Disks, Oddball Stars, and Strange Planets Help Astronomers Test Theories About Planetary System Formation - SciTechDaily - June 4th, 2021
- NASA Is Giving Two Venus Missions a Chance - The Atlantic - June 4th, 2021
- The most ancient spiral galaxy yetThe most ancient spiral galaxy yet - EarthSky - June 4th, 2021
- Victoria Kaspi named co-winner of the 2021 Shaw Prize in Astronomy - McGill Reporter - McGill Reporter - June 2nd, 2021
- What's the story behind the stars? - Space.com - June 2nd, 2021
- Physics and Astronomy Lecture: A New Era in Solar Observations - Coos Bay World - June 2nd, 2021
- International Astronomical Union OAO Announce Three Projects for Funding Scheme - Space in Africa - June 2nd, 2021
- Will the Next Space-Weather Season Be Stormy or Fair? - The New York Times - June 2nd, 2021
- Astronomy: A beginner's guide to stargazing wherever you live - Stylist Magazine - June 2nd, 2021
- Tip # 16: If you use GPS and take pictures on your phone, thank you Astronomy - 05/21/2021 - The Press Stories - May 22nd, 2021
- Ruth Freitag, Librarian to the Stars, Dies at 96 - The New York Times - May 22nd, 2021
- Astronomers discover how the Milky Way galaxy was formed - WION - May 22nd, 2021
- Beyond the Boundaries of Time and Space - Astrobites - May 22nd, 2021
- Conan Gray's Astronomy test reveals how compatible you are with your crush - PopBuzz - May 22nd, 2021
- Outer space is like the wild west: Astronomers worry SpaceX satellites could change the night sky forever - MyNorthwest.com - May 22nd, 2021
- Astronomers Detect The Highest Energy Light Ever That Could Change Laws Of Physics! - Mashable India - May 22nd, 2021
- Wait: Do black holes *really* swarm in the core of globular cluster NGC 6397? - SYFY WIRE - May 22nd, 2021
- Celebration of International Astronomy Day with Canon Europe's space-themed craft kits - Africanews English - May 20th, 2021
- Cicada Swarms Were First Studied by a Black Naturalist in the 18th Century - History - May 20th, 2021
- Pune Boy Clicks Clearest Photos Of The Moon - Punekar News - May 20th, 2021
- The Milky Way may have grown up faster than astronomers suspected - Science News Magazine - May 18th, 2021
- Astronomy: Discovering the Universe with cutting-edge technology - Open Access Government - May 18th, 2021
- Pune: 16-year-old astronomy lover clicks stunning pic of moon with 55,000 images - Republic World - May 18th, 2021
- Astronomers Measure the Background Brightness of the Night sky Across the World. Canary Islands are the Darkest in the Survey - Universe Today - May 18th, 2021
- Astronomy events 2021: These happenings will make you starry-eyed this summer - Woman & Home - May 18th, 2021
- Maui Teens and UH Astronomer Featured in Xploration Awesome Planet TV Show - Maui Now - May 18th, 2021
- Dark matter might heat exoplanets enough to make them glow - SYFY WIRE - May 18th, 2021
- Tour UVic's telescope and chat with astronomers during Greater Victoria's 'Star Party' Victoria News - Victoria News - May 18th, 2021
- Nehru Planetarium director, who helped make astronomy accessible to the young, dies of Covid - The Indian Express - May 18th, 2021
- International Astronomy Day: Astronomy Quotes That Will Inspire You To Explore The Cosmos - International Business Times - May 18th, 2021
- Astronomers get rare and surprising before and after shots of a star going supernova - CBC.ca - May 18th, 2021
- Astronomers keep finding mysterious circular rings in the sky and don't know how to explain them - Livescience.com - May 11th, 2021
- National Radio Astronomy Observatory featured in the 2021 STEM for All Video Showcase - Newswise - May 11th, 2021
- Hapless star 'spaghettified' by black hole. And astronomers capture the gory show in a first. - Livescience.com - May 11th, 2021
- How the Starlink satellites spotted over western Washington can interfere with astronomers research - KING5.com - May 11th, 2021
- By Jove! Jupiter Shows Its Stripes and Colors - Newswise - May 11th, 2021
- Astronomers are Watching a gas Giant Grow, Right in Front of Their Eyes - Universe Today - May 9th, 2021
- How Islamic astronomers changed Chinas view of the stars - The National - May 9th, 2021
- Astronomy: Supermassive black hole at center of Milky Way has mass of 4.6 million suns - The Columbus Dispatch - April 25th, 2021
- Tiny newfound 'Unicorn' is closest known black hole to Earth - Space.com - April 25th, 2021
- Will Satellites Cripple Ground-Based Astronomy? - Optics & Photonics News - April 25th, 2021
- Did forgotten astronomy artist have Bradford connections? - Bradford Telegraph and Argus - April 25th, 2021
- Mapping cancer as if it were the universe - The Economist - April 25th, 2021
- In the light of the Super Pink Moon, look for the radiant Tycho crater - Space.com - April 25th, 2021
- Looking at the stars, or falling by the wayside? How astronomy is failing female scientists - The Conversation AU - April 23rd, 2021
- W. Vincent Liu Elected to Physics and Astronomy Organization Leadership - UPJ Athletics - April 23rd, 2021
- Black hole is closest to Earth, among the smallest ever discovered - The Ohio State University News - April 23rd, 2021
- Millions of lonely black holes are in our galaxy. Heres how well find some of them. - SYFY WIRE - April 23rd, 2021
- A supermoon and a meteor shower: astronomical events this April - The Hindu - April 23rd, 2021
- Astronomy magazine 1-year subs just dropped to $13 (Reg. $45+), more from $6 - 9to5Toys - April 13th, 2021
- Spitzer Discovers Three Most Rapidly-Rotating Brown Dwarfs | Astronomy - Sci-News.com - April 13th, 2021
- International Dark Sky Week is April 5 to 12 - EarthSky - April 13th, 2021
- 'Looking Up' Podcast Explores Cincinnati's Connection to Space, the Final Frontier - Cincinnati CityBeat - April 13th, 2021