How did environmental conditions and climate change influence early human evolution? Can protein engineering be harnessed to block the virus that causes COVID-19? How do quantum mechanics affect biological functions, and how do our memory and learning work on a cellular level in the brain?
These are some of the big questions that will be explored by researchers at the University of Toronto and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem (HUJI) as part of a new strategic partnership that will allow faculty and students from the two institutions to combine resources to carry out high-impact research.
Each year, the University of Toronto Hebrew University of Jerusalem Research and Innovation Alliance will select projects to receive funding of $150,000 a year for up to four years, with each research group comprising faculty drawn from both universities and covering a range of disciplines. The alliance will also occasionally provide one-time seed funding to help get promising projects off the ground.
Launched with endowed funding of $5.9 million from the Canadian Friends of Hebrew University and the family of Roz and Ralph Halbert, the alliance also aims to eventually construct an innovation pipeline between U of T and HUJI to connect the entrepreneurship ecosystems in Toronto and Jerusalem and provide student entrepreneurs with exposure to each others universities and markets.
[HUJIs] mandate with respect to research is very closely aligned to U of Ts in terms of leading the world in a variety of areas, and thats always the kind of partner were looking for, said Alex Mihailidis, U of Ts associate vice-president of international partnerships and a professor in the Faculty of Medicine's department of occupational science and occupational therapy, as well as the Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering.
We both recognize that international collaborations strengthen the research within each university, and thats why were excited to partner with them.
He added that the timing of the partnership speaks to U of Ts commitment to forge ahead with research partnerships despite the challenges of working and collaborating amid the pandemic.
From an international partnerships perspective, its business as usual, said Mihailidis, who is also cross-appointed to the department of computer science in the Faculty of Arts & Science. Weve not shut anything down and weve not stopped collaborations. Were going full-speed ahead its looking a bit different, but we are still moving ahead both with existing and new partners.
Both researchersdeveloped an interest in the Kalahari Chazan as an archeologist analyzing early evidence of human activity and Matmon as a geologist carrying out dating techniques to study the evolution of the landscape and theyre now looking to combine their perspectives.
The next phase of work with this funding is to expand Aris geological work, particularly looking for evidence of wet environments, so we can try and understand when there was a shift to modern arid conditions, said Chazan. At the same time, Ill be working in the town of Kathu in South Africa, which is a major mining area today, and were looking at some very large sites and trying to understand what the conditions were when this place supported large groups of people.
So its a really new area of study that combines geological perspectives on how the landscape and hydrology evolved with an archeological perspective which is asking in more narrowly focused locations what the human behaviour was and what was drawing people to these sites.
Oron Shagrir, vice-president for international affairs at HUJI, said the partnership brings together the two leading universities in Israel and Canada, and that the call for research proposals resulted in several exciting submissions.
In these challenging and unprecedented times for societies and universities alike, international partnerships are an invaluable source of support and inspiration, said Shagrir, a professor of philosophy and cognitive science. They are not only an important asset and tool in advancing universities on all levels, but also serve as a valuable platform to promote and support collaborative research projects.
Chazan points to his project as an example of how the two universities can combine their respective strengths.
At U of T, were strong in terms of field archeology and geophysics, he said. Hebrew University is particularly strong in looking at the evolution of landforms over the period of the last two to five million years ... [and] that requires some very specialized labs.
Among the labs that Chazan and his students will have access to is a high-tech facility that blocks out any modern magnetic signals to precisely study fluctuations in the earths magnetic field. Having access to that is a major asset for the project and for our students, who get to learn how to operate in that kind of system, said Chazan.
Meanwhile, Sachdev Sidhu, a professor appointed to U of Ts Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, the department of molecular genetics and the Institute of Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering, will be working with Professor Julia Shifman of HUJIs Alexander Silberman Institute of Life Science to study how the fast-growing fields of protein engineering and design can be leveraged to develop treatments for diseases, including COVID-19.
Their project will use insights gained from past outbreaks of coronaviruses to understand the functions of the proteins that power SARS-CoV-2 the virus that causes COVID-19 and to develop molecules with the potential to disarm the virus and pave the way to a potential cure.
Additionally, the U of T HUJI Research and Innovation Alliance is providing $5,000 in seed funding to two projects.
The first will see Professor Dvira Segal of U of Ts departments of chemistry and physics and Professor Roi Baer of HUJIs Fritz Haber Research Center for Molecular Dynamics and Institute of Chemistry explore the role of quantum processes in natural and engineered quantum systems.
The second aims to better understand how the brain acquires and stores information in order to help prevent and treat debilitating memory and learning disorders. The principal investigators are Associate Professors Sheena Josselyn and Paul Frankland of the department of physiology in U of Ts Faculty of Medicine, Professor Melanie Woodin of the department of cell and systems biology and HUJI scholars Adi Mizrahi, Ami Citri and Inbal Goshen.
Ronald Appleby, a U of T alumnus and campaign chair at the Canadian Friends of Hebrew University, said the research efforts made possible by the partnership speak to the two universities shared commitment to advancing interdisciplinary teams of researchers and students working on translational research, bolstered by mutual respect and friendship.
The attention paid to research in engineering and medicine, the sciences, the social sciences, humanities, and law reflects our mutual interest in creating novel solutions for some of the most pressing current issues, Appleby said.
- If Wormholes Are Lurking in Our Universe, This Is How We Could Find Them - ScienceAlert - January 17th, 2021
- New quantum particle may have been accidentally discovered - New Atlas - January 13th, 2021
- Exploring the unanswered questions of our universe with quantum technologies - University of Birmingham - January 13th, 2021
- Wormholes may be lurking in the universe and new studies are proposing ways of finding them - The Conversation UK - January 13th, 2021
- Surprising Discovery of Unexpected Quantum Behavior in Insulators Suggests Existence of Entirely New Type of Particle - SciTechDaily - January 13th, 2021
- New quantum technology projects to solve mysteries of the universe - Open Access Government - January 13th, 2021
- University of Sheffield to lead multi-million pound project which could open up a new frontier in physics - University of Sheffield News - January 13th, 2021
- The Greatest: Four Legends Gather in One Night in Miami - Memphis Flyer - January 13th, 2021
- Raytheon UK part of team transforming the Royal Navy's technology, training and learning solutions - PRNewswire - January 13th, 2021
- Optical selection and sorting of nanoparticles according to quantum mechanical properties - Science Advances - January 13th, 2021
- Birds Have a Mysterious 'Quantum Sense'. For The First Time, Scientists Saw It in Action - ScienceAlert - January 9th, 2021
- The unhackable computers that could revolutionize the future - CNN - January 9th, 2021
- How understanding light has led to a hundred years of bright ideas - The Economist - January 9th, 2021
- Quantum Nanodevice Can Be Both a Heat Engine and Refrigerator at the Same Time - SciTechDaily - January 9th, 2021
- Illumination at the limits of knowledge - The Economist - January 9th, 2021
- Detective Work in Theoretical Physics: Comprehensive Review of Physics of Interacting Particles - SciTechDaily - January 5th, 2021
- The 10 biggest physics stories of 2020 - Livescience.com - January 5th, 2021
- The Schrodinger Equation appears in Criminal Minds - Looper - January 5th, 2021
- Op-Ed: The universe is just a thought, says new theory Or maybe not - Digital Journal - December 26th, 2020
- Here's Why Quantum Computing Will Not Break Cryptocurrencies - Forbes - December 26th, 2020
- Quantum Superposition Evidenced by Measuring Interaction of Light with Vibration - AZoQuantum - December 26th, 2020
- A state of vibration that exists simultaneously at two different times - Tech Explorist - December 26th, 2020
- The Secret Science of Santa - ZME Science - December 26th, 2020
- Matter Deconstructed: The Observer Effect and Photography - PetaPixel - December 26th, 2020
- MIT's quantum entangled atomic clock could still be ticking after billions of years - SYFY WIRE - December 26th, 2020
- If the multiverse exists, are there infinite copies of me? - New Scientist - December 12th, 2020
- What We Are Reading Today: Understanding Quantum Mechanics by Roland Omnes - Arab News - December 12th, 2020
- The Upcoming Women In Quantum Summit III And Its Secret 70 Year-Old Legacy - Forbes - December 12th, 2020
- International Relations goes quantum - News - The University of Sydney - December 12th, 2020
- Scientists just engineered the perfect friction-less fluid and here's what it sounds like! - SYFY WIRE - December 12th, 2020
- MIT Physicists Created a Perfect Fluid and Captured the Sound Listen Here - SciTechDaily - December 12th, 2020
- How Could Quantum Sensing Transform Industries and our Society? - AZoSensors - December 12th, 2020
- The Unbroken Story Birth of the Universe to the Big Bang & Beyond - The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel - December 12th, 2020
- Combining Quantum Physics and the Theory of Relativity: Sound-Waves From a Quantum Vacuum at the Black Hole Laboratory - SciTechDaily - November 29th, 2020
- Direct Visualization of Quantum Dots Reveals Shape of Quantum Wave Function of the Trapped Electrons - SciTechDaily - November 29th, 2020
- Quantum Mechanics and the Upholding Power of God - National Catholic Register - November 29th, 2020
- Physicists introduced the notion of the quantum magic square - Tech Explorist - November 29th, 2020
- This physicist keeps the science in Marvel's movies accurate (ish) - Wired.co.uk - November 29th, 2020
- Quantum Time Twist Offers a Way to Create Schrdinger's Clock - Scientific American - October 25th, 2020
- Quantum Tunnels Show How Particles Can Break the Speed of Light - Quanta Magazine - October 25th, 2020
- The Importance of Funding Quantum Physics, Even in a Pandemic - Inside Philanthropy - October 25th, 2020
- Quantum Physics and Early Death | Dan Peterson - Patheos - October 25th, 2020
- A New Timekeeping Theory Reconciles Einstein's Relativity and Quantum Clocks - Science Times - October 25th, 2020
- Archer Materials well-aligned with strategic direction of the US in quantum computing - Proactive Investors Australia - October 25th, 2020
- Could Schrdingers cat exist in real life? We propose an experiment to find out - Scroll.in - October 25th, 2020
- Every Thing You Need to Know About Quantum Computers - Analytics Insight - October 25th, 2020
- Physicists clock the fastest possible speed of sound - Live Science - October 25th, 2020
- Post-doctoral Fellow, Department of Physics job with THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG | 230760 - Times Higher Education (THE) - October 25th, 2020
- Diamonds Are a Quantum Scientist's Best Friend: Discovery May Revolutionize the High-Tech Industry - SciTechDaily - October 25th, 2020
- Sumit Das to Deliver 2019-20 A&S Distinguished Professor Lecture on 'Deconstructing Space-Time' - UKNow - October 25th, 2020
- Column: A new era of electric vehicles could be on the way - Gainesville Times - October 25th, 2020
- The TRP turf - The Times of India Blog - October 25th, 2020
- Beyond Homo Sapiens A Slightly Different Roll of the Darwinian Dice (Weekend Feature) - The Daily Galaxy --Great Discoveries Channel - October 25th, 2020
- Quantum and classical computers handle time differently. What does that mean for AI? - The Next Web - September 18th, 2020
- The Fate of Schrdinger's Cat Probably Isn't in The Hands of Gravity, Experiment Finds - ScienceAlert - September 18th, 2020
- Hybrid lightmatter particles offer tantalising new way to control chemistry - Chemistry World - September 18th, 2020
- Scientists Have Shown There's No 'Butterfly Effect' in the Quantum World - VICE - August 19th, 2020
- How Physics Erases The Beginning Of The Universe - Forbes - August 19th, 2020
- Does the Butterfly Effect Exist? Maybe, But Not in the Quantum Realm - Discover Magazine - August 19th, 2020
- Dismantling disciplinary boundaries and decolonizing young India: Decoding the National Educational Policy (20 - The Times of India Blog - August 19th, 2020
- The spread of 'stranger than we can think' - Yahoo Lifestyle - August 19th, 2020
- Raytheon Technologies invests in new transformational STEM high school - PRNewswire - August 19th, 2020
- The Wheel of Time and the Storytelling Problem in the Concept of a Binary - tor.com - August 19th, 2020
- Physicists witness time crystals interacting for the first time ever - New Atlas - August 19th, 2020
- Quantum mechanics is immune to the butterfly effect - The Economist - August 17th, 2020
- Major quantum computational breakthrough is shaking up physics and maths - The Conversation UK - August 17th, 2020
- Physicists watch quantum particles tunnel through solid barriers. Here's what they found. - Space.com - August 17th, 2020
- The science of marketing: taking inspiration from quantum physics - The Drum - August 17th, 2020
- Here's why we need to build a quantum security coalition - World Economic Forum - August 17th, 2020
- The Spread of 'Stranger Than We Can Think' - SFGate - August 17th, 2020
- Nuh Gedik and Pablo Jarillo-Herrero are 2020 Moore Experimental Investigators in Quantum Materials - MIT News - August 17th, 2020
- Students in the news | Announcements - Indiana Gazette - August 17th, 2020
- Indian American Engineer Develops Parachute That Helped Curiosity Land on Mars - India West - August 17th, 2020
- How Quantum Mechanics will Change the Tech Industry - Unite.AI - July 21st, 2020
- Money & Markets: After the virus, make sure you've read the inflationary playbook - E&T Magazine - July 21st, 2020
- Bruce Lee: Inside the mind of the martial arts icon - CNN - July 21st, 2020
- Read Before Pontificating on Quantum Technology - War on the Rocks - July 13th, 2020
- The universe's clock might have bigger ticks than we imagine - Livescience.com - July 13th, 2020
- Testing Einstein's theory of relativity | OUPblog - OUPblog - July 13th, 2020
- Scientists Say This Is the Smallest Unit of Time That Could Exist - lintelligencer - July 13th, 2020