Declaring "America is back," President Joe Biden pushed his $2.3 trillion infrastructure package Tuesday, visiting a Ford electric vehicle plant to make the case his plan will tackle climate change, create jobs and help the U.S. lead the world. (May 18) AP Domestic
WASHINGTON An expansive bill aimed at reinvigorating America's technological footprint to counter China has passed the Senate and now heads to the House, where it faces a competing bill and somewhat murky future.
The legislation, called theInnovation and Competition Act, largely drew bipartisan support with the promise of bolstering America's competitive edge byinvestingbillions of dollars in scientificand technological innovations including artificial intelligence, computer chipsand robotics.
It passed 68-32 Tuesday after some drama a few weeks ago ofhours of behind-the-scene negotiations, a flurry of last-minute amendments and an all-nighter of negotiations. Ultimately, Senate leaders canned it until the lawmakers returned from their Memorial Day recess after a compromise could not be reached.
President Joe Biden praised passage of the bill making generational investments in American workers. "This legislation addresses key elements that were included in my American Jobs Plan, and I am encouraged by this bipartisan effort to advance those elements separately through this bill," Biden said in a statement. "It is long past time that we invest in American workers and American innovation."
Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., called the bill one of the most significant pieces of legislation passed in a long time and said it would have a huge impact on the American economy and jobs.
"Its the largest investment in scientific research and technological innovation in generations," Schumer said. "It sets the United States on a path to lead the world in the industries of the future."
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In April, U.S. intelligence officials cast China,the worlds second-largest economy,as an "unparalleled" security threat, warning of Beijing's increasing efforts to suppress its regional adversariesand expand its military might while racing to achieve technological superiority across the globe.
The Senate's action highlights a rare bipartisan consensus in Congress that the U.S. needs a more coherent strategy to respond toChina's rise as a global power.
The bill would boost fundingfor research and technology manufacturing to increase America's competitiveness, strengthen national security and grow the economy.
Sen. Todd Young, R-Ind., co-author of the legislation, singled out the bill's passage as a mark of unity.
"Im proud the Senate voted to advance this bill to outcompete China and invest in the U.S.," Young said in a statement. "Let history record that, at this moment, we stood united."
Schumer said Tuesday that he has already spoken with House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., and expects to reach a compromise between the chambers to send to the president.
Im quite certain that we will get a really good product on the presidents desk," Schumer said.
The legislation, spearheaded by Schumer and Young,would pumpmore than $200billion into U.S.scientific and technological innovation over the nextfive years.
The bill, which originally began as the Endless Frontier Act, was expanded and renamed the U.S. Innovation and Competition Act by Schumer in May. He joked Tuesday that the "frontier" name made it sound like "covered wagon" legislation.
The broadened bill establishesa new directorate for technology and innovationat the National Science Foundationto ensure$100 billion is funneled to the development of artificial intelligences, semiconductors, roboticsand high-performance computing.
Schumer said Washington has let U.S. competitiveness "lag" compared with China's, particularly when it comes to technological innovation.
"Weve become far too complacent, and the United States commits less than 1% of its GDP towards basic scientific research," he said. "That's the fault of government, but it's also the fault of the private sector. The world is so competitive and global competition is so severe, companies feel they can't invest as much in the kind of research that might pay off profits fiveor 10 years down the road."
The expanded legislation would provide$52 billion in assistance to semiconductor manufacturing companies to makecomputer chips, which have been in a global shortage since last summer. The shortage has affected manufacturers and automakers thatuse the chips in vehicles, cellphones and video game consoles.
The microchip shortage explained: How it's impacting car prices and the tech industry
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Seventy-five percent of the world's chipscomefrom Asia, according to a report in September 2020 from the Semiconductor Industry Association.
"Weve seen what happens when our automakers and manufacturers depend on semiconductors made overseas alone. COVID-19 exposed the weaknesses in our supply chains, both our medical supply chains and our manufacturing supply chains," said Sen. Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich., who sits on theCommittee on Energy and Natural Resources, in a news conference.
The legislation also would shell out $81 billion in congressional spending to the National Science Foundation budget between fiscal years 2022 and 2026, aimingto energize innovation by revamping ongoing programs and starting the new directorate.
In addition, it would establish tech hubs in places they have not traditionally existed.
Rep. Ro Khanna, D-Calif., lead sponsor of the Endless Frontiers Actin the House, told USA TODAY investing in tech education is one of the most important aspects of the bill, along with the "fundamental focus in applied science research."
Supporting thegeographical spread of innovation will be "transformative," Khanna said.
More: Biden tells intelligence agencies to step up probe of COVID-19's origins, including theory of Wuhan lab leak
Though the legislation has passed the Senate, it will have to compete against a similar bill inthe House,where the legislation heads next.
The House has introduced another, similar piece of legislation: the NSF for the Future Act.
Both billsfocus on expanding the National Science Foundations budget to boost American innovation.The NSF for the Future Act is a smaller-scale, more narrowly focusedbill that would double the NSF's budget over five years. It also includes a new directorate for science and engineering solutions.
Some have expressed concern with the Senatebill's heavy focus onChina, and others want a piece oflegislation that is morefocusedon applied sciencewith a newtech directorate.
The same piece of legislation has to be passed in both chambers before it is signed by the president.
The chairwoman of the House Committee on Science, Space and Technology, Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson, D-Texas, has hailed the NSF House legislation as a "solutions-driven approach."
"I believe the competitive and security threat from China is real. I also believe the solutions-driven approach we take in the NSF for the Future Act offers the nation a win-win science and innovation strategy. History teaches us that problem-solving can itself drive the innovation that in turn spawns new industries and achieves competitive advantage," Johnson said in a hearing on the NSF legislation.
More: Zhurong rover lands on Mars; China joins US as only nations to successfully land on planet
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Contributing: Deirdre Shesgreen
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