The Libertarian vs. Liberal debate is confusing for some, but once you understand it, its clear as day. While both of these political thought processes have some areas that overlap, youll soon understand the fundamental differences between the history, modernization, and 20th century belief systems behind them.
The foundation of Libertarianism is that liberty is the most critical political value to uphold. Liberty means that you have the freedom to make your own choices in your life no matter what. Others are not able to control you or interfere in your life, and you should not interfere in theirs either.
Libertarians believe that this attitude will create a cosmopolitan society united by mutual respect rather than divided by nationalistic belief systems that create ripples in our society.
In a Libertarian world, youre free to try whatever you want, implement new ideas, live life on your own terms, and live truly free as long as those freedoms do not initiate force against another individual. group, or government.
Since we are all moral equals, no one person has the right to be more powerful than the other. This is where Libertarianism conflicts with the two-party system we have in our American society today.
Libertarians see the government as a threat to our liberty because they are. Regardless of which side youre on, either party possesses some form of totalitarian control over certain aspects of our lives.
If youre a liberal, you believe that the government should have control over your money, how much you pay in taxes, how you get your healthcare, and where you go to school.
If youre a conservative, you believe that the government should have control over who accesses the country, what happens to criminals, what drugs you can take, what religion you can practice, and who you should marry.
Of course, those are blanket statements that might be a little extreme, but thats an overall look at it. Libertarians believe that we should have control over all these areas. The government shouldnt have any involvement in these areas because that will infringe on our ability to maintain a free society.
The modern American Liberal believes in equality and much of that thinking is based off the overall foundation of the ideology and political stance. Liberalism stands for increased personal rights and the general foundation of their beliefs are:
Liberalism grew in popularity during the Age of Enlightenment when Western philosophers and economists started to pull away from traditional Conservatism, promoting free markets and free trade.
In reality, traditional Liberalism is much different from modern Liberalism in the United States. The word liber means free in Latin, which stands for the free markets and free trade that these people believed in at the time.
This is quite contrasting from the modern-day liberals who believe that the government should have more control and more intervention in the operation of our economy and world markets.
Lets apply modern Liberals vs. Libertarians to the issues we face today. Weve seen many questions arise in recent years about what makes a utopian society and what we need to practice to get as close to that as possible.
Even when a Libertarian agrees with one party on an issue, they have very different reasons as to why they agree. For example, some might think that Libertarians lean towards Conservatives on immigration. While that is true, there are many different reasons for that.
Libertarian: Libertarians believe that the government shouldnt stand in the way of any transaction between two parties, and heres why. Both people generally have something to gain in every transaction.
They understand the importance of market participants and how it impacts the prices of goods and services. When there are strict regulations put in place, the system generally favors larger companies over smaller, newer ones.
Liberal: In terms of economic issues, Liberals tend to favor more government control in this area. They would prefer the government to determine what people get paid, when they get paid, and how they get paid.
By doing this, Liberals believe that it will create more equality, help lift more people out of poverty, and be better for the greater good. While this sounds great, its a nightmare for Libertarians and American Republicans.
The opposing forces believe that mandated wages will result in a crippling economy because the people at the top will not be able to support the higher wages. This break down will eventually result in layoffs and a falling stock market.
Libertarian: Foreign policy is the area that unites most Libertarians, and its the clearest of all their belief systems. They believe that war is never the option because it creates widespread death, destruction, violates civil liberties, and encourages a nationalist way of thinking.
This policy directly contradicts the conservative way of thinking where the military is one of the most important factors in their party.
Libertarians believe in individual freedom and individual liberty, which cannot coincide with the process of recruiting, drafting, training, and treating people like soldiers fighting for the social and economic freedom of the county as a whole.
They believe that war is a last resort and that its never our purpose to interfere in foreign relations because its up to the individual to resolve their own problems.
Liberal: Here is another area where Liberals believe that its the responsibility of the American government to interfere in foreign relations. Liberalism believes that we need to send foreign aid because its our moral responsibility, and its not up to us to judge the opposing democracy; we simply need to help.
Libertarian: They have a unique take on criminal justice. If we look at the immense overpopulation of American prisons, we need to understand why we have so many more people incarcerated compared to every other country in the world.
They believe that we need to stop sending people to jail for using drugs because the limited government shouldnt have control over what substances people use in the first place. We should also look at the penalties for severe crimes like assault and murder.
We need to address the process of rehabilitating criminals and whether or not were actually making a difference in the lives of those incarcerated and the lives of those on the outside affected by the criminal.
Overcriminalization is a clear-cut issue, and weve created too many laws and regulations that strip our liberty and create unequal separations between those in power and the average layman.
Liberal: Here is an interesting area where things flip in modern politics. While we generally believe that Conservatives feel that less government control is better, heres where they prefer the government to step in and take the wheel.
Liberalism takes a soft approach and tries to see the good in all people, where Conservatism sees criminals as threats to society who must be eradicated because theyre threatening the freedom of everyone else.
Libertarian: This party believes that free movement and trade should have no border, and anyone should be allowed to morally move products and services across country lines. If youre trying to do so ethically, there shouldnt be any bureaucratic interference, such as tariffs, regulations, or duties.
Economists studying this philosophy believe that the world GDP would double, resulting in more international trade, a larger pool of qualified candidates for trade, and a wealthier world as a result.
The less interference the government has in trade, the better opportunities there are for the individual to create wealth.
That said, Libertarians understand the potential economic impact of immigration and how it can suck the well dry, so to speak, but the Conservative mentality of immigrants coming to the country to live off the welfare state and take our jobs doesnt hold any weight in a Libertarian society.
Liberal: This is another situation where Liberals prefer to step back and let nature work itself out. Liberals believe in open-borders and that we have no right to control who comes or goes from our country. As you can likely tell, this is considered highly reckless to both Conservatives and Libertarians. Conservatives believe that its our responsibility to think of our own citizens first, and we need to protect our borders to keep ourselves safe.
Libertarian: Our government allows citizens a certain number of rights provided they can conduct themselves responsibly. For example, the second amendment is the right to bear arms. As a citizen, each person has the right to own a gun provided they do not use it to recklessly harm others.
Libertarians feel that these amendments only make sense in a democratic society where the government needs to provide you with them in the first place.
In a Libertarian society, the philosophy believes that all people should be protected by these rights regardless of their social status or group membership. Some of these rights include:
Here is a key difference between Libertarian and Liberal. The bolded point at the end also applies to the doctors and facilities who would conduct the procedure. Thats the foundation of the Libertarian belief system. Its that no one persons rights can infringe on the rights of another, no matter what.
If an individual desires an abortion, they can do so, as this issue is up to each person and the government should not be involved in their decision process.
The same applies to same-sex marriage. You have the right to marry who you want, but you cannot attempt to take legal action or smear the reputation of a church leader or business that doesnt want to participate in the union.
Liberal: This is the area where freedoms tend to compound, and the original foundation of Liberalism comes into play. Liberals believe that the individual should have the right to do with their lives as they please. This means they can marry who they like, do with their bodies as they choose, and right for their rights if they feel theyve been mistreated.
The belief system might sound the same as the Libertarianism version, but theres a fundamental difference here.
Liberals believe that everyone should share these beliefs and that its up to the government to enforce this. For example, while Liberals believe that same-sex marriage is a right, they think that the government needs to force these beliefs on everyone.
Libertarians believe that everyone has the right to see it through their own lens, and no one person should force their beliefs on someone because it strips away their own personal liberty and rights to freedom.
Libertarian: Libertarians believe that its your right to choose your medical providers and treatments. They see that the government interferes in the progression of medicine by imposing harsh regulations on pharmaceutical companies and laboratories to limit the use of experimental health care.
In a nutshell, if the government cant understand the use of a treatment and there isnt enough science to back it up, they wont support it. If they dont support it, the researchers will not receive the funding they need to continue their research, which will stop the growth right in its tracks.
This belief system feels that voluntary institutions would do a much better job of caring for people by reducing costs and allowing for individuals to benefit from the economic rewards of health care. Private charity can certainly have its place, but as a whole, health care and medicine shouldnt be a commercial enterprise.
Liberal: The Liberal vs. Libertarian belief is that health care is better left in the hand of the government because individual medicine will lead to corruption, inflated prices, and monopolization. This contrasts the Capitalist way of thinking where many Conservatives believe that its up to the individual to decide what type of health care theyd like, how theyd like to pay for it, and where theyd want to go for it.
Many people compare the Liberal philosophy on health care to socialized medicine, and theres some truth to this. Socialized medicine is complete government control over what you pay for health care, what doctors you see, what procedures you get, and where you go to get those procedures done.
Libertarians see this as a complete violation of our liberties because we should have the freedom to choose our doctors, procedures, and facilities. It should be between the individual and the practicing physician without any government intervention other than to protect the patient from fraud and malpractice.
Liberalism, as a tradition and political science, essentially stands for equality. The policy believes that all people deserve equal opportunities for building wealth, voicing their opinions, and protecting themselves.
In fact, the first recorded use of the word liberal dates back to 1375, describing the liberal arts education as the education of the free man. This early connection between education and Liberalism gave way to the more modern take of the phrase.
During the Period of Enlightenment, the word started to take on a positive note, being described as a belief system that was free from prejudice and free from bigotry. The word liberalism first appeared in English in 1815, and it wasnt until the 19th century that people started using it as a political term to describe parties and world movements.
In European Liberalism, you have an equal divide between the moderates and progressives. The moderates lean towards elitism, and progressives more frequently support the universalization of institutions, including education and property. As time passed, moderates passed progressives as the defenders of European Liberalism.
The way this differs from modern-day Libertarianism is the belief that the government still needs to maintain control over certain areas of our economy, gun control, and health care. Libertarians believe that there are two parties in every situation and they both can benefit from transactions, thus, theres no need for government intervention.
They also believe that gun control is left in the hands of the people who need to defend themselves. The government should have no role in this and its up to the people whether or not they want to own a firearm. The same ideology applies to health care. One thing about Libertarianism is that it hasnt changed much since its introduction and much of the political philosophy is the same.
The Nolan Chart pictured above is a diagram originally developed by American Libertarian David Nolan in 1969. There are two axes representing the contrast between economic freedom and personal freedom. This philosophy differs from that of famous Libertarians such as Ayn Rand and Friedrich A. Hayek.
Ultimately, the further you rise up the vertical y-axis, the more personal freedom you gain, but the less economic freedom you have.
The further you move right across the horizontal x-axis, the more economic freedom you have but, the less personal freedom.
In the middle, you have Centrists who favor a mixture of both economic and personal freedom.
The chart shows that Liberals favor personal freedom over economic freedom, while Conservatives favor economic freedom over personal freedom.
The extremists in the equation would be Libertarians and Authoritarians. Libertarians favor both personal and economic freedom while Authoritarians, Statists, or Communists, as some might like to call them, prefer limited freedom and total government control.
We believe that this article should clear up any concerns you have in the Libertarian vs. Liberal comparison. They are extremely different, and even in areas where their beliefs start to overlap, there are fundamental differences supporting those beliefs. Its crucial that you understand these factors when developing your own political opinions and stances.
Now, when someone asks you, are Libertarians liberal? Youll have a clear answer and a thorough understanding of the differences.
See original here:
- RIT's College of Liberal Arts, NTID Performing Arts announce 2021-2022 theatrical season | National Technical Institute for the Deaf | RIT - RIT News - June 9th, 2021
- The Groupthink That Produced the Lab-Leak Failure Should Scare Liberals - New York Magazine - June 9th, 2021
- New Liberals registration approved despite Liberal party objection over voter confusion - The Guardian - June 9th, 2021
- Liberal Party triggers 'electoral urgency' clause to speed up nominating candidates - CBC.ca - June 9th, 2021
- Liberals team up with Bloc to limit debate on controversial Bill C-10 - National Post - June 9th, 2021
- Reality bites Liberals and crime spikes - The Economist - June 9th, 2021
- Heres how a Liberal Arts degree from NMIMS can open a world of lucrative career prospects - Times of India - June 9th, 2021
- Fifty years of Martyn Turner cartoons: I have always been a liberal bigot - The Irish Times - June 9th, 2021
- CNN mocked over reporting study conservatives more likely than liberals to believe misleading news reports - Fox News - June 9th, 2021
- It Is Only In This Country That Things Are Very Liberal Where Health Is Concerned: Supreme Court - Live Law - Indian Legal News - June 9th, 2021
- Trudeaus Liberals promised to end the blood ban. Now they say its complicated. - 660 News - June 9th, 2021
- LETTER | Let's have a more liberal, open-minded university education - Malaysiakini - June 9th, 2021
- Two groups one conservative, the other liberal walked into a Zoom class - Press Herald - May 16th, 2021
- Liz Cheneys Liberal Critics Are Missing the Point - New York Magazine - May 16th, 2021
- Curley: Liberals must rewire their brains away from knee-jerk Trump hate - Boston Herald - May 16th, 2021
- How The Politics Of White Liberals And White Conservatives Are Shaped By Whiteness - FiveThirtyEight - May 16th, 2021
- Liberal. Activist. Girl boss. The complicated nuances of popular labels that often go unpacked The Bowdoin Orient - The Bowdoin Orient - May 16th, 2021
- Evolving past performative politics on a liberal campus - Dailyuw - May 16th, 2021
- Leavening Liberalism | RR Reno - First Things - May 16th, 2021
- Ritesh Jha aka Liberal Doge: The man behind the livestream spewing hate against Pakistani women - Newslaundry - May 16th, 2021
- The rise of Political Sufism poses a threat to liberal politics in both India and Pakistan - Scroll.in - May 16th, 2021
- Ross: Another outbreak of liberal, conservative agreement on the vaccine - MyNorthwest.com - May 16th, 2021
- Tasmanian Liberals have won majority government, ABC's Antony Green says - ABC News - May 16th, 2021
- Letter: Trump should be looking good to even liberal professors - Daily Record-News - May 16th, 2021
- Greg Gutfeld: Progress, stability, and success is just one liberal away from disaster - Fox News - May 16th, 2021
- Pike Liberal Arts and Autauga Academy capture AISA baseball titles, Macon East softball reaches final - Montgomery Advertiser - May 16th, 2021
- Tasmanian Greens and independents want external probe into allegations against Liberal candidate for Braddon, Adam Brooks - ABC News - May 16th, 2021
- What I don't see: How liberal silence for Jewish lives shows progressive limits - The Times of Israel - May 16th, 2021
- Quebec Ink: With Bill C-10, Quebec sets the Liberal agenda on Big Tech - The Logic - May 16th, 2021
- Liberals believe early election more likely after well-received federal budget - Sydney Morning Herald - May 16th, 2021
- Liberal bill on organ donation would create system of presumed consent - CBC.ca - May 16th, 2021
- The Liberal Party suspends Glasgow candidate Derek Jackson 'with immediate effect' after Nazi-style salute and star of David wearing at Glasgow count... - May 9th, 2021
- Liberal | Definition of Liberal at Dictionary.com - May 9th, 2021
- Interesting New Pew Study; White Liberals More Likely To Have Mental Problems - wbckfm.com - May 9th, 2021
- Despite recent wins, hypocrisy will rob liberals of a big victory over Modi - Firstpost - May 9th, 2021
- Joe Oliver: Will Liberal failures and lapses never end? - Financial Post - May 9th, 2021
- Megyn Kelly Irked By Liberal Action Figures: UWS Week In Review - Patch.com - May 9th, 2021
- Letter to the editor: Hypocrisy on full display by liberal Democrats - Wooster Daily Record - May 9th, 2021
- Should Canadians get vaccinated abroad? Liberals, Tories skirt the issue but health experts encourage it - CBC.ca - May 9th, 2021
- Liberal candidate Simon Behrakis forced to apologise over failing to 'show respect' - ABC News - May 9th, 2021
- Erin O'Toole: The Liberals' internet regulation bill opens the door to a massive abuse of power - National Post - May 9th, 2021
- Liberal Party: behaviour of candidate treated as hate incident - Glasgow Times - May 9th, 2021
- Families call LIberal gun control bill insult to all victims of gun violence - CP24 Toronto's Breaking News - May 9th, 2021
- Police treating Liberal Party candidate's interaction with Humza Yousaf as hate incident - The National - May 9th, 2021
- Liberal heavyweight asked to review Opposition Leaders office - The Age - May 9th, 2021
- Meghan McCain Slams Mask-Wearing Liberals On 'The View,' Plans to Have "Hot Vaxx Spring" - Decider - May 9th, 2021
- Peter Gutwein describes allegations against Liberal candidate Adam Brooks as 'differing points of view' - ABC News - May 9th, 2021
- Patently fair - The Indian Express - May 9th, 2021
- Scottish election 2021: Big re-election wins for Liberal Democrat MSPs shows just how popular they are Willie Rennie MSP - The Scotsman - May 9th, 2021
- Trudeau says Liberal budget is not a launch pad for a federal election - Yahoo Canada Finance - April 21st, 2021
- Some provinces not ready to embrace Liberal pledge to build a national child care system - CBC.ca - April 21st, 2021
- Rohail Hyatt issues one last clarification about what he means by 'liberal' - The Express Tribune - April 21st, 2021
- The State Of Liberal Arts Education In India - Forbes India - April 21st, 2021
- Liberals promise $30B over 5 years to create national child-care system - CBC.ca - April 21st, 2021
- Conservative MP says budget needs job creation, while former Liberal candidate pleased with document - battlefordsNOW - April 21st, 2021
- Freeland delivered an election budget, Liberal and Conservative MPs agree - CBC.ca - April 21st, 2021
- Former Liberal leader Andrew Peacock remembered as 'great Australian' with lasting legacy - ABC News - April 21st, 2021
- "This Is Just What Liberals Like To Do, Spend Money," Says Portage-Lisgar MP Of Federal Budget - PembinaValleyOnline.com - April 21st, 2021
- Hypocrisy of Liberals: They Outrage Over Election Campaigning, But Egged On Farm Protests - News18 - April 21st, 2021
- The Liberal Party is faking social media, so what will Facebook do? - Crikey - April 19th, 2021
- Conservative Vs. Liberal - 8 Key Differences - April 19th, 2021
- 5 things to watch for when the Liberals unveil the federal budget - CBC.ca - April 19th, 2021
- Its Not Just Young White Liberals Who Are Leaving Religion - FiveThirtyEight - April 19th, 2021
- Why Liberal arts is the degree young is India talking about - India Today - April 19th, 2021
- Remembering Andrew Peacock, a Liberal leader of intelligence, wit and charm - The Conversation AU - April 19th, 2021
- Liberal Party seeks to prevent The New Liberals from registering - Independent Australia - April 19th, 2021
- Why the WA Liberal Leader has hired a former disgraced government advisor - 6PR - April 19th, 2021
- Four Cartier watches? Bah! Libs hand out the equivalent of 90 a year to party hacks - Crikey - April 19th, 2021
- Dem Leaders Quick to Kill Liberal Dream of Packing the Court - Yahoo News - April 19th, 2021
- Liberals' bill on Indigenous rights getting pushback from Conservatives, First Nations critics - CBC.ca - April 19th, 2021
- Is the Supreme Court biased in favor of conservative Christianity? - Deseret News - April 19th, 2021
- Bringing in gender quotas in the Liberal party is not just right it's smart politics too - The Guardian - March 31st, 2021
- Conservative opinion columnist Rob Port to begin new livestream show with liberals - Grand Forks Herald - March 31st, 2021
- Germany's liberal FDP cool on three-way tie-up with Greens and SPD - Reuters - March 31st, 2021
- I would kill to be sexually harassed at the moment: Liberal Teena McQueen stuns colleagues in closed door meeting - Sydney Morning Herald - March 31st, 2021
- In Israel, Liberals Lost. The American Left Should Heed Their Lessons. - Foreign Policy - March 31st, 2021
- Working with the far-right? What a watershed Liberal Party vote means for Swedish politics - The Local Sweden - March 31st, 2021
- No space for liberal education - The Indian Express - March 31st, 2021
- Paynes silence speaks volumes about the Liberal Party - Sydney Morning Herald - March 31st, 2021
- Liberals amend Biodiversity Act in the face of industry, landowner criticism - CBC.ca - March 31st, 2021